"I Can't Get over It -And He's a Fellow Texan, Too"
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AY, JULY 15, 1959
NIGHT EDITOR: SELMA SAWAYA
_ _ A _,_.... . . _____
Door to Compromise
JNCILMAN A. Nelson Dingle's resolution
oposed Monday night represents a wel-
declaration of intent to bargain about
of the terms of the Urban Renewal plan.
rectly meets two objections Mayor Cecil
"eal has made, one in his veto message
me in a statement the day of the recent
cannot agree," Creal said in his veto mes-
"to taking homes for planning purposes=
wild multi-family units, since we must
nber that in this area nearly 80 per cent'
e people own their own homes."
gle's resolution would allow the owners
e sound homes to which this was to hap-
o stay in them indefinitely. Further; it,
allow owners of other sound houses go-
BETA THETA PI house his but a heap
rubble, a progressive sign of the Univer-
fraternity system, a symbol for the fra-
ould be that the demolished house is the
of a pledge prank, or self-destruction.
he real story is that the fraternity- is
ng a new 'house for a beta future. This
be a sign that the recession. is over.
new house will probably last a century.
live fraternities; long live the goddess,
rsity of the Inland Seas.
ing for planning purposes to sell them as other
acquired houses are sold, or else. to remain in
them for five 'years or as long as the City
Council found "fair and equitable in each
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New Managerial Class
By PRESTON GROVER
KHARKOV, Ukraine OP)--Russia is developing a new managerial class,
strong party men in most instances, tough in debate, and often
Many of them are concentrated in the Ukraine of southwest Russia
because that it where the Soviet Union's main industry has been con-
One of the most impressive is the Deputy Director of the Economic
Council at Stalino.
Markovitch Alexander's organization coordinates the work of over
a million men and women employed in 29 branches of industry in ,
veritable Soviet Pittsburgh.
RED FACED, red haired, wearing a brown suit with a blue shirt open
at the collar, Alexander fields tough questions with skill.
He candidly admits that America could compete with Russia in the
IN A STATEMENT made the day of the pub-
'lie hearing, Creal said he thought plans
should have been made so as to avoid forcing'
into unemployment the sixty or so employes
of the slaughterhouse. Dingle's resolution pro-
vides that the city would work with the Cham-
ber of Commerce "and other local interested
organizations and citizens to accomplish the
satisfactory relocation of all commercial en-
terprises within the area which would be dis-
placed .by the Urban Renewal plan."
Dingle's proposal does not meet all of Creal's
objections. It does not limit the election on,
Urban Renewal to property-owners, which
would imply a bond issue and incidentally a
requirement for a 60 per cent instead of a 50
per cent majority. Nor does it remove the resi-
dential rezoning of part of Main St., or take
up other minor technical questions Creal has
raised about the plan - for instance, whether
Summit St. should-'be closed.
Still, though, these points may be taken up,
anl' Dingle's resolution is a good step toward
compromise. Perhaps Urban Renewal can be
gotten through by removing enough of it"
features that its opponents find objectionable
Or perhaps their opposition is too fundamen-
tal, and it will fail to pass Council or, more
probably, Creal will veto it. What happens will
+grsg, 't(S+Q4t6'o..4 'PA' sr '
C iby beA na 4el
By THOMAS TURNERR
export market despite a much higher
living because "America is two and
a half times more efficient in in-
dustry than Russia."
The manager of a three million
ton steel plant in Zaporozhe is Lev
Dimitriyevitch Yubro, about 48
On a tour of his plant, he shows
he knows where everything is and
how it works.
HE MAKES it plain that he likes
the decision of the'government twoj
years ago giving More control to'
regional managers and plant man-
agers to get their production up.
A'lot of decisions which had to
be cleared through 30 ministries
and departments in Moscow now
can be made by himself or the re-
The city of Kharkov changed
hands four times during the war,
and what wasn't shot up In the
fighting was blown up by the re-
treating Germans. All the industry
and 40 per cent of the residences.
were gone when the Russians
moved back in."
But now this rebuilt city of
930,000 is a tenter of scientific and
technical institutions turning out
engineers, planners, chemists, elec-
tricians, crane operators and trac-
tor men. It has 50 scientific insti-
tutes and 25 high schools and
UNLIKE THE rather suave May-
or Mikhailik Fedocieyevich of,
Kharkov, the mayor of Stalino is
a bustling, warm type.
Mayor Alexei Mehailovich, 53
years old, of Stalino knows his
town like the back of his hand.
Mehailovich began work in the
local mines at the age of 12, about
the time of the 1917 revolution. '
He is still boiling mad at the
Germans and accuses them of
having tortured =150,000 to death
in a single Gestapo building. Scores
of thousands of Jews were thrown
down an old mine shaft and their
bodies dissolved with quicklime,'
Mehailovich is an avowed athiest
and doesn't spent time talking
about religious tolerance. There-
are no operative church buildings
left in the city, but 10 vacant
buildings have been turned over
to religious folk.
A synagogue? "The Jews havej
a praying place," he says. ,
wage scale and higher standard of
To the Editor:
THE QUALITY, quantity, and
variety of athletic facilites
available to the faculty and stu-
'dents of the University are im-
pressive; we would express our
gratitude for the. pr ov is i on of
the facilities, and for the gener-
ally high standards of care evident
in their maintenance.
Several glaring exceptions to
this record of thoughtfulness and
excellence, however, constrain us
to make public complaint, in the
hope that some present conditions
may be corrected. In great need
of repair and improvement are the
intramural facilities for the minor
sports; and this need; is specially
pressing because it is precisely
these facilities which are in con-
stant and widespread use by the
average, occasional athletes, like
ourselves, who constitute the larg-
est portion of University person-
The men's tennis courts are a
case in point. With over a score
of asphalt courts available, not
one is in fit condition for decent
play. Almost every net is torn, out
of adjustment, and in generally
awful condition. The surfaces
themselves are rough, the painted
lines are faded, and on most are.
growing generous crops of weeds
from within the surface cracks.
In the 'light of the extensive use
of these courts, and their import-
ance for so many of the, faculty
and students, their present state
of neglect and disrepair is a dis-
. * * «r
HE SCIENTIST of today who expresses n
opinion on a social problem is in a peculiar
osition - either he is ignored and perhaps
ughed at or his word. is taken as some kind
f magic charm, guaranteed to remove all un-
rtainties, solving the situation with a whisk
. scientific method and a flick of fact. Non-
,ientists alternately blast scientists for pro-
acing the means, for tgtal destruction and
eap them'with praise for providing society
ith increasing luxuries and leisure..
Amid the confusion, the scientist remains-
part, isolated by the society which his inven-
on and discovery is influencing so greatly in,
As age of science. Few will disagree that our
ay of living has been profoundly changed by
lentific progress, particularly in the last half
mtury, but the idea that our social values,
itr norals, have not kept pace is more con-,
LOYD V. BERKNER, an internationally.
known scientist, recently advocated re-
imping our social code in a talk here. He,
id a panel of University professbrs of science
bated the need for such a move and what
le the scientist should play in implenenting.
Opinions were varied, but one thing re-
ained static-they all agreed that the. scien-
t has a responsibility to his society. to take
irt in any re-evaluation.,
Speaking. as citizens rather than scientists,
ey recognized that, as scientists they should
tempt to realize the consequences of any
scovery they make and as members of society
veal these to the community. The inter-
lation of science and politics and its impact.
. nearly all aspects of life make it nearly im-
esible to neglect the scientist and ignore the
ethical and social contributions he can make
Some scientists,admittedly, ,have publicly
shown an insensitive unconcern for the Insti-
tutions and traditions men hold dear, but oth-
ers, like the panel, are sincerely seeking an
answer to the problem of just where the scien-
tist stands in the field of human relations.
HE HAS FACTS, he can predict possible out-
comes resulting from the continuance of
present values, but what should he do about
it? Is he to advocate solutions such as birth
control or nuclear test bans? The answer
seems to be yes, but not as a demi-god telling
the world what is best for it but as a member
of society adding to the stockpile of ideas and
alternative methods for coping with a shrink-
Perhaps the pedestal the scientist has, been
elevated to by the layman needs to come down.
Society can make use of, his knowledge and
techniques just as it does those of the philoso-
pher and politician. The problem is to gain a
basis for cooperation between all professions
so that man may examine the social issues at
stake from all points of view with the goal of
finding standards which are compatible with
modern complexities and retain human dig-
The scientist eager to assume a role in the
iholding of the culture of the future is merely
expressing concern over the state of affairs in .
which he and his descendants will have to live
life within a society, after all, cannot be
avoided even by the scientist who spends a
great deal of it within a laboratory.
SCAN JUAN, P.R.-The president's,
veto of the omnibus housing
bill has paralyzed Puerto Rico's
extensive public housing, urban
renewal, slum clearance and FHA
mortgage programs, local officials
Herbert Bergquist, regional di-
rector of - the Public Housing Ad-
ministration, said no new projects
could be undertaken without fur-
The omnibus bill would have.
provided 3$,000 units for seven
public housing regions across the
nation. One of these regions is
Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands.
Puerto Rico boasts the second
highest standard of living in Latin
America (behind oil-rich -Vene-
zuela) but many dwellings, urban
and rural alike, are substandard.
* * *
PUBLIC HOUSING in San Juan
began under Rexford Tugwell, last
"Continental" governor. The
"Eleanor Roosevelt houses" his ad-
ministration put up were two-
story multi-family units.
After the war many real estate
developments (or "urbanisa-
clones") sprung up in suburban
areas; row on row of little cement
Mortgages on these houses run
in the neighborhood of $7,000, I've
learned through my job, in the
FHA department of a bank here.
Some "urbanisaciones,", of course,
include more expensive houses.
Now future mortgages of -this
sort will be impossible, as will pro-
jects to help the needier who can-
not even think of new homes, un-
til some substitute for the vetoed
bill is passed.
* * *
THE LATEST chapter in the
bizarre case of Dominican flier
Juan Ventura Simo is this:
Monday morning local radio
personality Madeleine Willemsen
began her cultural show by open-
ing a parcel she'd received from
the Dominican Republic.
She was describing to her lis-
teners the pamphlet of reproduc-
tions of murals in a church in
Trujillo's home town when she
noticed something: interspersed-
with the pictures were handwrit-
ten descriptions of an underground
movement against Trujillo.
Miss Willemsen said nothing
about the handwriting at the time,
but finished the show as planned..
Then she translated the message,
which told of continued fighting
by a Dominican Liberation force
-Trujillo's government has denied
that any resistance remains.
Simo, according to the smug-
gled out information, Is not. yet
dead (as was reported) but is held
by the government and will be exe-
Was the message a hoax? There
is no way of knowing, but a Do-
minican-government hoax seems
unlikely, since the incident in no
way reflects favorably on Trujillo.
Is the information true, even if
it was smuggled out? Here too,, no
definite answer is forthcoming.
FISCAL RECORD OF FOREIGN DEBTS:
U.S. Accounts Ousann StSizeable
wiwYw iirr. .
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Maneuvering at Geneva
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
PEOPLE ASK frequently why the Russians
sometimes appear to be so childish.
Why, for instance, does Andrei Gromyko
open up the second round of Geneva talks by
trying to change the rules after a fashion he
knows the Allies will not accept?
He fnade some hay two months ago by ob-
taining Allied agreement to admit East Ger-
man Communist representatives to the formal,
conference meetings as observers with a lim-
ited right to be heard at some points. The Al-
lies brought in the West Germans as a balance.
AT MONDAY'S resumption of the conference.
the Allies proposed that secret sessions,
where some real work might possibly be done,
begin at once. Whereupon Gromyko said all
right, but you've got to let the East Germans
The Allies said they'd gone as far as theyu
were going along that line.,
Some observers immediately called it .Rus-
But that would mean Gromyko is supposed
to keep the conference dragging out, whereas
Premier Khrushchev has always seemed de-
sirous of getting the Foreign Ministers out of
the way so a summit meeting could get started.
HAT ACTUALLY is happening at Geneva
is that both sides are now trying the other
out, to see if reflection during the conference
recess has brought any softening of position.
The Allies want to know whether the Soviets
really will stop setting time limits on a Berlin
settlement, thus lending at least some surface
hope that a summit conference could be de-
voted to the issues instead of to bluffing.
Gromyko wants to know whether the West
is determined to fight out the issues along the
present lines, or whether the' Allies so fear a
crisis over Berlin that 'the Kremlin need not.
compromise its original demands.
The West has demonstrated that it wishes
to talk its way around any possible Berlin
roadblocks if it can.
HUS A CONCESSION regarding a proce-
dural matter would be taken as weakness,
and the Soviet would feel safer about keeping
By FRANK CORMIER
Associated Press Writer
LET'SDO A little fiscal day-
dreaming. .. .
Suppose Uncle Sam turned his
foreign loan accounts over to a
hard-hearted bill collector and de-
manded immediate payment on all
loans made since World War I.
Suppose all the debtor nations dug
down deep and came up with hard
currency to pay their bills.
With all the I.O.U.'s made good,
how much money would go into
the United States till? Could the
treasury lay off domestic taxpayers
for a year? Two years?
Well, not quite. Total repayment
of all foreign loans now outstand-
ing would bring the United States
31 billion dollars. That's only
enough to run the government at
its present pace for a bit more than
ACTUALLY, there is no chance
of collecting a big chunk of the 31
billion any time soon. The debts
are scheduled for steady repay-
ment over many years. If they con-
tinue to be paid off at last year's
pace, it would take about 50 years
to collect everything.
And that assumes there's no
new borrowing. But Uncle Sam
continues to make new loans each
month. In 1958, new U. S. credits
There is still another flaw in
the dream of repayment. Even if
all 31 billion dollars was repaid
tomorrow, Uncle Sam wouldn't
have any use for part of the
money. That's because several'
billion dollars loaned during the
cold war is repayable in local
currencies rupees, pesos, etc.
What are the chances these bil-
lions will be repaid?
The recorc of repayment on
World War I debts is dismal. But
most countries are making regular
payments on at least some of the
billions borrowed during and since
World War II.
During 1958, only $400,000 was
collected on World War I debts.
By contrast, 62 countries paid back
636 million dollars borrowed since
World War II. In addition, they
paid 290 million dollars in interest.
* * *
FINLAND IS the only nation
receiving a bill for World War I
debts-because the Finns are the
only ones who pay regularly.
(Their payment accounted for
practically all the $400,000 col-
lected last year on World War I
The accounts on World War I
debts are kept meticulously up to
date. Uncle Sam doesn't want to
give anyone the impression they've
been forgotten or forgiven.
Once a year, a treasury clerk
prepares statements for each coun-
try showing how much is owed and
when payments are due. The bills
are sent to the State Department,
where all but Finland's are quietly
State has been pigeon-holing
these statements so long that offi-
cials say they aren't sure why the
practice was adopted. They assume
there was a high-level decision that
regular billing was a waste of time.
Willie's Words .
WORLD WAR I debts originally
totaled about 10 billion dollars.
The amount has grown steadily
because of interest charges piling
up on past-due installments. Most
countries, including Great Britain,
stopped paying in 1933. France
stopped even earlier.?
Only three countries have paid
off their World War I obligations
-Cuba, Liberia and Nicaragua.
Great Britain is the biggest
debtor from the first war, owing
81/2 billion dollars. Others at the
top of the heap are France, 5%
billion; Italy, 2% billion; Belgium,
612 million; Russia, 573 million;.
Poland, 400 million, and Czecho-'
slovakia, 235 million.
TOTAL delinquencies on the
12/2 billion World War II and cold
war debts come to 133 million dol-
lars spend among 14 countries.
Sixteen million has been written
off as uncollectable.
Among the delinquent debtors
from World War II, Nationalist
China leads the parade. She is 49
million dollars behind in payments
of principal and interest. Next
come Russia, 30 million; Iran, 23
million; the Philippines, 16% 2mil-
lion; Hungary, 3 million; Poland,
2 million, and Indonesia, 12% mil-
Britain, France, Germany and
the other major western European
nations are up to date.
United States officials have an
explanation for the sharp con-
trast between the repayment rec-
ords for the debts growing out of
the two great wars.
AFTER World War II, they say,
the United States erased huge
debts. For instance, it excused all
Lend-Lease debts where the war
goods provided actually were used
AGGRAVATING the inadequacy
of these facilities is the fact that
those few clay courts maintained
by the University,. which are in
top condition, are unavailable to
students or faculty. It appears
that they have been rented to a
private tennis club, and =that their
use by members of the University
who, are not members of this club
is forbidden. Surely the University
is not that badly in need of funds!
What results is a situation in
which strangers have the runof
our finest facilities, while stu-
dents and staff may watch from
courts in disreputable condition.
Paddleball is another widely
played intra~nural sport which
suffers grave neglect. Of the
paddles supplied by the University,
almost all are splintered, cracked,
and virtually worthless. Since the
cost of these paddles is not more
than two dollars each, we may
conclude that for less than one
hundred dollars, the magnificent
and costly facilities of the Intra-
mural Building could be far more
It is just because the correction
of these conditions cannot involve
large sums of money - and yet
would vastly improve the faciil-
ties for intramural athletics -
that 'we urge the careful attention
of those in whose hands these re-
"The philosophers hav+ only in-
terpreted the world differently;
the point is, to change it."
Department of Philosophy
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WEDNESDAY, JULY 15, 1959
VOL. LXIX, NO. 16-S
August Teacher's Certificate Candi-
dates: All requirements for the teach-
er's 'certificate must be completed by
Aug. 1. These requirements include the
teacher's oath, the health statement,
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