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a

Sixty-Seventh Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

"WIMen Oiions Anret
Truth ww Prevag"~

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of stag writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
WEDNESbAY, JULY 3, 1957 NIGHT EDITOR: RENE GNAM
Semester Lecture -Themes
Needed for School Year
THE COMPETENCE and excellence of or- YET WHY the thematic approach should be
ganization with which the "Asian Cul- limited to summer session is impossible to
tures and the Modern American" theme is understand. The normal semesters of the
being carried through the summer in lectures, school year are, because of their size in pop-
exhibitions, films and concerts leads us to ulation, much less organized than the summer
renew a plea made earlier in the year. session.
% le fo suh auniiedsere I uring the summer many organizations
This is the ilea for such a unified series prepare detailed and unified programs of
of programs during every semester of the lectures and meetings - something only ap-
school year instead of just the summer session. proached during the fall or spring semesters.
Certainly the unification and organization Indeed, a lecture program is definitely needed
of this semester's series is of high quality - to give more meaning to the normal semester.
with more than 30 events and exhibitions Ideas for such themes are abundant; the
throughout the summer and attractive, well- most obvious one for the coming year would
designed programs and posters to supplement be, "The Geophysical Year and its Meaning
and outline the individual happenings. for the World" - which, although of a morj'
The advantages of such an integrated pro- scientific nature than some topics, certainly
gram are obvious. Instead of - or in addition relates to many areas of interest.
to - University lectures on varied subjects, all Other topics, like "Asian Cultures", are sug-
unrelated, the student, or any member of the gested by areas of the globe. Periods of his-
Univrstydcmudnithanythemeopportunity to tory, too, would provide subjects for all fields
University community, has the pof learning. As a last resort, a program on
concentrate his spare time attention on one "Religions of the World" might be used - it
major topic and its meaning and importance would surely outrank all others in attendance.
in many areas. But the time for planning such programs is
Rather than individual programs on lim- necessarily now. It is not too late to organ-
ited topics, the result is a series of related pro- ize semester themes for the coming year - if
grams on specific but complementarytopics. the work is begun immediately. Such programs
This leads to definite achievement in an area would certainly make the semesters at the Uni-
of study of importance in itself - and yet versity more meaningful for all.
an area often outside the individual's parti- -VERNON NAHRGANG
cular field of study. Editor
All-Star Player Selection
THERE HAVE always been arguments - and the poll has been concentrated in certain
sometimes violent ones-popping up around ayeas, Cincinnati the most active one. Be-
this time of the year - time for the annual cause the promotion has been inadequate, fans
All-Star baseball classic. complain about the choices and claim they
Main reason for this has been that it is a .weren't properly informed about the voting.
fan's game, played for the interest of the fans. Most recent outbreak has resulted from Frick
Fans vote for the starting lineups (except for himself stepping into the picture and removing
pitchers), and those sixteen men, eight on each three Cincinnati players from possible selec-
side, must play at least three innings. tion to the starting team for the National
The remainder of the team memberships League when it appeared there would be a
are picked by the managers of the teams. Ar- Cincinnati player at each of the eight posi-
gunents aplenty have resulted from managers' tions (excluding pitcher, of course).
choices - but rarely from the fans' selections. Frick should have expected this, and should
not have penalized the Cincinnati partisans
WHEN Arch Ward, late Chicago Tribune and players for something which is really a
sports editor and founder of the All-Star result of negligence on his part and that of
game, passed away a little over two years ago, his staff. He should have admitted his mistake
the Tribune relinquished the job of tabulating (which he may do, anyway), left the three
the votes and performing the other necessary Redleg players in the tabulations and then
tasks of organizing the contest. Ward was one sought a suitable alternative for All-Star
of the greatest promotion specialists sports has choices in the future.
ever known. It would have been difficult for What may happen anyway is what probably
one newspaper to run the whole show without should have happened as soon as Ward died.
a salesman of his stature at the helm. Either the managers will select their own
The office of Ford Frick, Commissioner of teams, including the starters, or the players
Baseball, took it over when no other organiza- will vote. It will take the fans out of the pic-
tion would. The outstanding job of promoting ture, but this apparently can't be helped.
the All-Star game which Ward and his asso-
ciates had done was too much for Frick's staff, WE FAVOR the latter method, although the
however. They had too much else to do to former will probably be used. Players
bother with an exhibition game, should be permitted to voice their favorites,
Thus the stimulation of interest which be- for who is better qualified to judge ballplayers
comes an annual necessity in order to get fan than those who play against them every day?
votes, and get them on an evenly-distributed It would balance the selection out, for there
basis throughout the country, was lacking. are an equal number of players on all of the
It was noble of Frick's office to undertake major league teams and partisanship would
this, but because the office of baseball was un- be over-ridden by this equal distribution.
willing to try to do a complete job of drum- At any rate, one thing is certain - there can
beating, it should have known better than to be no more incidents like the most recent one
take it. involving the Cincinnati players, or the All-
Star game will lose much prestige.
THE RESULT has been a fan vote of only a --JOHN HILLYER
small percent of the previous participation, Sports Editor
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Red China'S influence

nToday
and
Tomorrow
By WALTER LIPPMANN
zuYJ :i" \ah a
THE ROLE Mr. Stassen has to
play in the London disarma-
ment talks is a very difficult one-
that of negotiator for a group of
governments all with diverse opin-
ions among their own people.
This is the great advantage of
Mr. Zorin, who speaks for a gov-
ernment that can take quickly de-
cisions that will not be quesioned
at home. It is not surprising, then,
that in the give-and-take the Rus-
sians have gotten the initiative
and have the ears of the world.
There is reason to think that
the four leading powers on the
Western side - Great Britain,
France, Germany and the United
States-have not come to a full
understanding on a fundamental
question. This was revealed re-
cently, I think, in the letter which
Mr. Macmillan sent to Marshal
Bulganin,
Speaking of a Soviet proposal
for "immediate full-scale reduc-.
tion in the armed forces of the
major powers," Mr. Macmillan
said that his government could
not agree to that unless it were
at the same time "assured of par-
allel settlements in the political
field" - particularly a settlement
which could end on Western terms
the division of Germany.
Then at the end of his letter,
after repeating that "great prob-
lems still divide us" about Ger-
many, about Hungary, about the
Middle East, Mr. Macmill-n said
in his last paragraph that "among
the major international questions
the one where there is most need
for progress is the field of both
conventional and nuclear disarm-
ament."
* * *
WHAT WE HAVE here are two
propositions: the first, that exten-
sive reduction in armaments can-
not be agreed to until there are
political settlements of the great
world problems; the second, that
among all international questions
the one where there is the ir ost
need of progress is disarmament.
My own view is that both propo-
sitions are true, and that the real,
and as yet unresolved problem of
disarmament is to work out an
allied policy which reconciles them.
All the major Western Powers
are beset by the conflict between
these two propositions.
The practical question is how
to make some progress towards
disarmament without becoming
substantially disarmed Iefore the
great political issues are settled.
On the whole, the conservatives
do not want to go far towards dis-
armament until they feel assured
that Germany will be reunified on
the terms proposed by the West.
Briiish Labor and the German
Social Demicrats, on the other
hand, want to move faster and
further towards disarmament, and
they are willing at the same time
to modify the terms on which they
would settle 4 political issues, like
that of German reunification.
* * *
HOW MUCH disarmament would
be enough to meet the "need for
progress"? How much disarma-
ment would be too much if there
is no political settlement of the
German question? These are hard
questions.
Yet it is not impossible, I think,
to see the general principle of an
answer.
What all the nations need in the
near future is not so much to re-
duce the armaments they now
have as to put some limit on the

competition which threatens to
'cecome intolerably dangerous, ex-
pensive and nerve-wracking.
The crucial fact is that the cur-
rent race of armaments, which
begar with the Second World War,
is radically different nit only in
degree but in kind from any which
has preceded it.
For miitary technology is ad-
vanczing sc. rapidly-is rendering
obsolete today what was thought
to be highly advanced yeste day--
that statesmen and people no lon-
ger understand their own arma-
ments sufficiently to base stable
policies unoon them.
THE NET of it all is that arma-
ments are no longer the mere re-
flection, as they were in the past,
of the political tensions among the
powers. Because of the galloping,
indeed runaway, technological rev-
olution, the race of armaments has
become not a secondary but a
primary problem.
That is why Mr Macmillan, we
may take it, after adhering to the
traditional position that arma-
ments must reflect the political
situation, went on to declare that
something must be done about
armaments even though nnthinĀ°
is doije about the political situa-
tion
That something, which most
needs to be done is what, if I have
understood him correctly, the Pres-
ident advocated in a recent press
conference. It is to work an agree-

"When Do You Think the Preliminaries Will Be Over ?"
a to
ror
((6.

Washington
Merry-
Go-
Bound
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON - Mrs. Joe Wil-
liams, wife of the chief of
staff of the submarine force of
the Atlantic fleet, remarked to her
husband the other day: "You've
spent the day on a submarine. I
can smell you,"
Captain Williams, who had been
cruising off the Atlantic coast near
the U.S. Navy's submarine base at
Groton, Conn., did not smell of
French perfume. His clothes had
a peculiar, but not unpleasant odor
of clean steel and fuel oil.
Sniffing my own clothes as I
got home from Groton, I kissed
my wife and expected to be smell-
ed too. I was disappointed. Mrs.
P. asked no suspicious questions
that might have given me an
opening to tell her of my deep-sea
exploits on a killer-submarine, the
USS Tiranfe.
Despite that. I'm going to write
about them. Maybe she'll read the
column.

,'

100

AT LYDIA MENDELSSOHN: -
Where Dgo The Nuts Come From?

'

LAST EVENING, the speech de-
partment's summer playbill
opened with ' a production of
"Charley's Aunt", a so-called
nineteenth century farce which
might have passed, in an earlier
day, for a Mozart libretto.
This comedy is well known to
theatre audiences both in its ori-
ginal form, and in the derived mu-
sical comedy "Where's Charlie"
which starred ?day Bolger as Char-
ley.
It is difficult to imagine any
reasonably competent group fail-
ing to amuse its audience with
this play since it is more than the
usual well-written comedy. The
speech department has been more
than reasonably competent in this
production; the audience was well
amused.
THE STORY here is doubtless
on the tip of everyone's tongue,
but perhaps a short summary
might aid expectoration:
Jack Chesney and Charley
Wykeham are Oxford-type stu-
dents, atixious to win Amy Spet-
tigue and Kitty Verdun before
these ladies are trotted off to
Scotland by their Uncle and
Guardian, old Stephen Spettigue.
Charley's rich Aunt, Donna Lu-
cia, is expected to visit the boys,
but doesn't, so Lord Babberly is
disguised as the Aunt to provide
a chaperone for a tea party the
boys have arranged with Kitty
and Amy.
Jack's father and old Spettigue
arrive and both attempt to win
Aunt Donna because the rich old
lady is rich and old.
After an assortment of scenes
too assorted for description here,
the genuine Aunt arrives, every-
one is married off, and the audi-
ence collects its wits and goes
home, still laughing.
PATRICK SMITH (Jack Ches-
ney) has quite obviously made a
great deal of his role; often eclip-

sing Gary Filsinger's Charley.
This is something of a. change
from the usual arrangement, but
not disagreeable. One can almost
imagine Brandon Thomas, view-
ing this production, saying "So,
it can be done that way, too."
John Szucs (Lord Babberly)
misses few opportunities in the
play. His characterization of
Charley's Aunt is well put forth;
guaranteed to induce mild hys-
teria in impressionable onlookers.
Jean Whitehurst is a charming
eye-fluttering Amy Spettigue who
makes more of her part than
Anne Woodard, Kitty, who takes
matters too seriously at times. So
does Le-Anne Toy, who plays
Donna Lucia's companion. Play-
ing a farce without appreciation
of the necessary departure from
normality is never satisfactory.
Albert Philips presents a good
picture of an "old goat" well de-
parted from normality. As Ste-
phen Spettigue, he has provided
many memorable moments in the
role of a greedy man chasing a
supposedly wealthy lady.
Phillip Zussman (Jack's fath-
er) and Marilyn Pearce (Charley's
real Aunt) are suitably elegant in
their more or less straight roles,
with i m m e n s e ? y distinguished
voices, especially Miss Pearce's.
William Hawes, the servant
Brasset, is servile s a hungry cat,
which is as it should be.
THE AVOWED intention of the
Department of Speech in presen-
tation of its series of plays is both
the education of the participants
in the lore of stagecraft, and the
education of students and other
interested individuals who attend
these plays and become familiar
with "representative plays from
the complete cycle of theater his-
tory."
If this first production is an
indication of. the general quality
to be expected during the summer,
both intentions will be fulfilled.
For this' Thomas' dialog is excel-

lent, the acting and Jack Bender's
direction generally competent,
Ralph Duckwall's scenes, espe-
cially the last two, very pretty,
Marjorie Smith's costumes are
real gay.
So we recommend that all those
in pursuit of amusement, humor,
and even (Heaven help us) cul-
ture, go see this story about Char-
ley's Aunt from Brazil, "Where
the nuts come from."
-David Kessel
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin Is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michi-
gan Daily assumes no editorial re-
sponsibility. Notices should be sent
In TYPE WRITEN form to Room
3519 Administration Building, be-
fore 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
WEDNESDAY, JULY 3, 1957
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 7
General Notices
The General Libfary and all Divi-
sional Libraries will close at 6:00 p.m.,
Wed., July 3, and will be closed all
day Thurs., July 4, a University holi-
day.
Women's Hours: All women students
will have a 12:30 a.m. permission on
Thurs. night, July 4,
Women's Pool-Will be closed July 4.
Voice Lessons: There is opportunity
for a limited number of persons to re-
ceive private voice lessons without
charge during the summer session. In-
structors will be graduate students in
vocal pedagogy. Teaching will be super-
vised. Come to 202 School of Music at
9:00 or 10:00 a.m. today or see Prof. Har-
old Haugh to make arrangements.
Lectures
Foreign Language Program: Lecture
by Prof. Sol Saporta of Indiana Uni-
versity, "Languages and Cultures in
the Southwest" Wed., July 3, in Room
429, Mason Hall. Public invited.
A Symposium on Stellar Evolution
and Abundance of the Elements, spon-
sored jointly by the Departments of
Physics and Astronomy, will be held
during the week of July 8-12 in Aud.
A, Angell Hall. The lectures will be giv-
en every day at 9:30 a.m. and 2 p.m.
.Plays
Charley's Aunt, first play on the De-
partment of Speech Summer Playbill,
will be presented at 8 p.m. today in
the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Academic Notices
Preliminary Examinations in English:
Applicants for the Ph.D. in English who
expect to take the preliminary examin-
ations this summer are requested to
leave their names with Dr. Ogden, 1634
Haven Hall. The examinations will be
given as follows: English and American
Literature, 1550-1660, Tues., July 9;
1660-1790 Sat., July 13; 1790-1870, Tues,
July 16; and 1870-1950, Sat., July 20.
The examinations will be given in the
School of Business Administration
Building in Room 41 from 9:00 a.m.
to 12:00 m.
Schools of Business Administration,
Education, Music, Natural Resources
and Public Health.
Students who received marks of I
X. or 'no reports' at the end of their
last semester or summer session of
attendance will receive a grade of "E"
inrthe course or courses unless this
work is made up. In the School of Mu-

ACTUALLY the anti-submarine
work of the U.S. Navy is one of
its most important jobs.
For with Russia having a known
total of at least 450 submarines,
and with subs now able to fire R
guided missiles off the American
coast, this is the most dangerous
potential attack faced by the
United States.
Hitler, incidentally, had only 5
subs when he started World War
II, and he almost put allied ship-
ping out of commission,
Actually, however, diving under.
water on a killer-submarine is a
humdrum affair-at least in peace-
time. It's still and motionless, ex-
cept for the hum of the motors,
No waves.
You'd think you were sailing on
an absolutely calm sea. And since
there are no portholes to look
out, you haven't the ghost of an
idea where you are.
When the sub first starts to
dive, you feel a gentle, tilting mo-
tion, and you wonder what would
happen if the Tirante should keep
on diving, smack into the bottom
of the Atlantic Ocean
Yo. also wonder when you start
coming up, what would happen if
the sub should bump into a fast-
rushing liner, headed for New
York. After all, you're right in
the transatlantic shipping lane.
* - *
BUT Lt. Coi. George Hecker
skipper of the Tirante, doesn't
seem 'worried about any of these
things. He gives orders in a quiet
voice as if taking one of his three
children out for a stroll on the
streets of Baltimore where he used
to live.'
"Take her down, Jim," was his
command to Lieut. James O'Keefe
of Nutley, N.J. O'Keefe barked a
couple of quick orders in the zonn-
ing tower.
Two enlisted men jumped down
the hatch into the control room,
sat beside two wheels which con-
trol the fins and we nosed our *ay'
gently down toward the bottom of
the Atlantic.
Keeping the boat exactly on the
same level after diving is ordinar-
fly quite simple. However, we were
diving with television camera
focused on the crew, and once,
when we rehearsed a shot, a mall
at a wheel forgot it was just a re-
hearsal and started to "take her
down" deeper. Commander Hecker
quickly reversed him.
(Copyright~1957 by Bell Syndicate Inc.)
'THE MASTER':
Children
And Adults'
THE MASTER. by T. H. Wit.
New York: Putnam & sons, 957.
256 pit.
By LAURA DURAND
T H. WHITE'S newest novel, Th
Master, is one of those rare
books that can be read by adults
and children to the delight of both. t
An ingenious adventure story set
on the tin' island of Rockall in
the North Atlar' the book con-
tains suspense and tight plotting
with what the author calls "a sup-
pressed moral."
The protagonists are Nick and
Judy, a pair of 12-year-old twins
who become captives on Rockai l
and are pulled (literally) into
adult intrigues for domination of
the world Mysterious work is in
progress on the island, under the
domination of the Master (age:
157 years).
The children's efforts to resist
that domination and outwit the
Master in the midst of plots and
counterplots are recounted with

the humor, insight, and narrative A
skill that one expects from this
author.
Those unfamiliar with Mr.

By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
TWELVE YEARS ago the community of na-
tions, in order to give form to the United
Nations,, swallowed some dream stuff.
They decided for purpose of organization
that the Ukraine and Byelorussia, states of the
Soviet Union, were nations entitled to member-
ship, and that Nationalist China was a major
power entitled to a permanent seat in the Se-
curity Council.
Part of the dream was to keep Russia from
feeling too lonesome and partly to give repre-
sentation to the Far East while keeping con-
trol firmly for the West.
It hasn't made an awful lot of practical dif-
ference, except to complicate UN relations with
Red China.
Now Secretary of State Dulles propounds the
theory that a world wide disarmament system
can be worked out while ignoring Red China.
Editorial Staff
VERNON NAHRGANG. Editor
JOHN HILLYER ......................Sports Editor
RENE GNAM,.,...................,.. Night Editor

Just the other day Dulles held Red China
up as the prime example of a nation which
openly threatens to use war as a part of policy,
in her determination to conquer Nationalist
China. ,
Tuesday he said it can be presupposed that
Red China would cooperate in disarmament
and that Russia would try to assure such co-
operation.
Yet it is such a brief time since it was pre-
supposed that Red China would not intervene
in the Korean War.
And that was a situation especially prepared
for Red China by Russia.
The free nations found then that Red Chi-
na's military ability was not something which
could be ignored.
On the basis of the records, it is much safer
to assume that the firm Russian intention to
advance against the West through the East
would be aided by maintenance of military
power in Red China while that of the West
is weakened.
Indeed, what would prevent Russia herself
from establishing nuclear testing grounds in
the vast and remote reaches of China?
"Clean" explosions would be far from detec-
tion stations which depend heavily on recog-
nition of "fallout."
There is a feeling in Washington that Red
China is very, very far from production of

RYAN AND THE NEWS:
Tito Dangerous

By WILLIAN L. RYAN
AP Foreign News Analyst
PRONOUNCEMENTS of world
Communist leaders frequently
exhibit a contempt for the ability
of Westerners to comprehend
what goes on before their eyes.
President Tito of Yugoslavia, in
an interview for a U.S. audience,
laughed at the idea of Communist
infiltration ir the Middle ' st.
After going down the line in
favor of most major points of So-
viet propaganda, Tito taunted the
United States for attempting to
"fill a vacuum" in the Arab world
and for fearing the rise of Com-
munist influence there,
"If somebody says that there is
a danger of an ideological influ-
ence in the Middle East then I
must say it is absurd, because in
some Arab countries there is still
feudalism, and how could com-
munism infiltrate these coun-
tries?" Tito asked. "It is abso-
lutely impossible.",

tially was backward, had many
features of feudalism and no in-
dustrial proletariat to speak of.
The revolution in China devel-
oped in a country which was large-
ly feudal and lacking in any in-
dustrial proletariat worthy of the
name.
IG was, like the Russian one, im-
posed by a disciplined, hard core
party.
Hungary was feudal, but that
didnot stop Soviet arms from im-
posing a "people's democracy," a
blanket arrangement which can
:over all conflicts with fundamen-
tal Marxism.
Even in Yugoslavia, there is
little to commend Tito's estimate.
It was a backward, agrarian coun-
try when the armed Communists
took over after the war.
Western worry would not be
cver the spread of communism as
basically defined by Marx
It is over penetration and rising
influence of those who call them-
selves' Communist, but who work

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