FOR SCHOOL YEAR
set Pagre 2
Sixty-Six Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXVII, No. 7S ANN ARBOR, MiCHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 3, 1957
Keep Ban': Dulles
H-Bomb Pledge Would Be Honored
Even if Mainlanders Do Not Sign
WASHINGTON (P) - Secretary of State John Foster Dulles said
yesterday he would expect Red China to abide by any East-West
agreement banning production of atomic-hydrogen bombs even
though it did not sign such a pledge.
At the same time, he cautiously held out hope of American dip-
lomatic recognition if the Peiping regime "conducts itself respecta-
bly in the field of foreign affairs."
Dulles expressed firm belief, however, that all Communist dic-
tatorship regimes, including those in Russia and Red China, even-
tually would be replaced by governments "responsive to the will of
SLIDES ILLUSTRATE LECTURE:
Influence of Chinese Art Cited
Soviet Decision Favoring Inispection
Seen Hopeful by Western Powers
LONDON OP')-The United States last night conditionally proposed
a 10-month ban on all atomic and H-bomb tests.
The conditions laid down by Harold E. Stassen, United States
delegate, before the U. N. Disarmament subcommittee were:
1. That Russia and the West at the same time agree to stop
producing materials for nuclear arms in 1959. 2. That the bans on
both tests and production should be supervised and controlled. 3. That
the bans should be written into a "
Changes in Russia more likely will be gradual, "evolutionary,"
he said, but there are "more revolutionary elements present in
China at the present time."
Dulles laid down his views at a news conference where he sought
to explain how the American diplomatic boycott of Red China would
" not imperil world hopes of a lim-
ited East-West d i s a r m a m e n t
Dulles made clear he counted
upon Russia's leaders to persuade
B litz I e - Red China's government to avoid
upsetting any disarmament agree-
ment by manufacturing atomic-
200 lhydrogen bombs.
Won't Make Own Bombs
By RENE GNAM
True starting point of Chinese
art as typically Chinese art is
most difficult to determine, Prof.
Max Loehr of the far eastern art
department stressed yesterday.
Speaking in the second of a
series of nine lectures on "Asian
Cultures and the Modern Ameri-
can," Prof. Loehr said evidences
of Chinese art works have been
found dating back to 2,000 B.C.,
but emphasized that these works
have an international character
and are not usually considered
true examples of pure Chinese art.
Prof. Loehr, who spoke in Audi-
torium B, Angell Hall, illustrated
his lecture with several slides de-
picting Chinese ceramics, paint-
ings and architecture.
In many instances he compared
Chinese art with that of Japan
and India, pointing out similari-
ties and major differences.
Addressing more than 200 per-
sons, he pointed out how earlyj
and sometimes little known Chi-
nese art was as well thought out,
and developed as the works of
such recognized masters as Ce-
zanne and Van Gogh.
Prof. Loehr also described in-
stances in which early Chinese art
influenced later artists.
He cited the pagoda. as essen-
tially an Indian creation but, with
the aid of slides, showed how the
Chinese adopted, adapted and re-
created the pagoda, giving it dis-
tinctive, architecturally beautiful
The human torso, Prof. Loehr
said, was not prominent in Chi-
nese art until comparatively re-
TEHRAN, Iran (M)-Earthquakes
spread death and destruction yes-
"terday over a wide area of northern
Iran adjoining the big Soviet Baku
oil production base on the Caspian
Hundreds 'were killed.
The path of ruin-as known here
-reached around and over the
towering Elburz Mountain Range
on a 500-mile arc and swept
through at least 120 Iranian towns
and villages. s
All Ports Hit
Every Iranian port and village
on the Caspian was hit. What hap-
pened in nearby Soviet Asia was
The are of destruction-as pic-
tured in official reports here-
reached from Mianeh, near the
Soviet border in Azerbaijan in the
northwest, to Veramin, south of
Tehran, and to Curgan. near the
Soviet frontie on the northeast.
The toll in Iran last- night was
counted as at least 200 persons
killed, many hundreds, perhaps
thousands, injured, and immense
property damage. '
Dead Volcanic Peak
The disaster apparently centered
at the base of the eternally snow-
capped, 18,600-foot Mt. Damavend,
and in its ring of resort villages.
The peak is a dead volcanic cone
' 45 miles northeast of Tehran.
Reports' said m o s t villages
around Mt. Demavand's great base
were ruined by a quake lasting two
minutes and three seconds.
STehran was shaken but no
deaths were reported there.
Bill in House
WASHINGTON (R) -Secretary
of Defense Charles E. Wilson said
yesterday the "practical effect"
of a proposed congressional resolu-
tion to end foreign trials of GIs
would be to force "withdrawal of
United States forces from all over
Wilson led an administration as-
sault on the resolution by Rep. F.
T. Bow (R-Ohio) as the House
Foreign Affairs Committee issued
sharply conflicting reports on the
A committee majority headed
by Rep. o. Burleston (D-Tex) said
Sthe time has come for. a basic re-
view of international obligations
undertaken when America's post-
war alliance system was first
Such agreements include those
granting foreign countries juris-
diction over serevicemen accused
of off-duty crimes.
CLAYTON, Ala. (I)-The Bar-
bour County grand jury, taking its
cue from the judge, urged local
He said he doubted very much
whether the Peiping regime would
seek to make its own atomic
bombs unaided because "it would
be a very expensive operation"
which could be detected by the'
Further, he warned that any
move by Russia to help Peiping
secretly in an atomic bomb pro-
gram would open the way for
Western countries to renounce
any disarmament a g r e e m e n t
which had been signed.
Dulles seemed to qualify his po-
sition somewhat,dhowever, by say-
ing in effect Red China could be
included in some later stage of
talks without the need of granting
it diplomatic recognition.
A complete city-wide inspection
of Ann Arbor fire hazards starts
Fire Chief Ernest Heller has an-
nounced that the check will be
made by the Fre Department and
will include every dwelling in the
Chief Heller said such voluntary
programs have been used in many
American cities and resulted in
great success in reducing house
The purpose, Chief Heller stated,
is to "help local householders help
themselves." Most residents will
themselves take care of hazards
in their homes, he continued.
Fire Marshall John R. Williams
speaking with the chief, empha-
sized the voluntary aspect of the
plan. On a given day, a fire truck
and a group of uniformed firemen
will go to check an area of the
Department members are to ask
at the door of the dwelling to be
allowed to inspect the house after
briefly explaining the reason for
which they have come. If they
meet with refusal, nothing further
will be said.
The fireman doing the inspect-
ing will fill out duplicate check
sheets, sign at the bottom, and give
the yellow duplicate to the home-
Chief Helier said, "We hope
every householder in every home
we visit will grant the needed per-
mission to inspect the dwelling."
He added that the program, while
not compulsory, is intended to
save thousands of dollars and per-
haps several lives.
Printed instructions have been
given to all firemen, and it is hoped
that the check can begin Monday
morning of next week.
Chief Heller pointed out that the'
truck will be on duty at all times.
One man will stay with the truck,
and if a call is received the vehicle
and its firemen will proceed to
the location of the call.
Chief Heller said that while, the
time the program will take can
not be estimated, it is expected toj
ha eniniim nnnra tin I
PROF. MAX LOEHR
*.. Asian Cultures lecturer
Refugees Can't Decide About Tent City;
Troubles Are Indecision, Stubbornness
LAKE CHARLES La. (R) - The
refugees of Hurricane Audrey may,
be as slow in deciding how to get
back into ravaged Cameron as they
were in deciding to get out.
"One day they want a tent city,
the next day they don't," Donald
W. Stout, who is directing Red
Cross operations for the disaster,
told reporters yesterday.
"No decision has been made as
to whether tents will be set up as
a city or next to each lot as the'
men rebuild or whether they will
be set up at all."
It was this indecision of the'
calm French - speaking people,
coupled with stubbornness, that
contributed to the possible 500
deaths, most of which, as a report
to President Dwight D. Eisenhower
states, were needless.
"I know on the basis of this ex-
perience that few if any people
needed to die down there in Lou-
isiana," Val Peterson, the Pres-
ident's peresonal representative at
the scene, reported "because the
Weather Bureau did a superb job
of discovering this storm, tracking
it and predicting it."
Sheriff Ham Reid of Calcasieu
Parish sad that his latest count
showed 293 known dead.
WASHINGTON (R) - The Air
Force disclosed yesterday that it
has ordered quantity production
of its Snark intercontinental guid-
ed missile-a jet powered pilotless
The Air Force said the eight-
ton missile powered by a J57 turbo
jet engine, is "designed to carry
a, nuclear warhead at high speeds
and high altitudes" over intercon-
tinental ranges, which m e a n s
about 5,000 miles.
But Peterson, in hs report, in-
formed Presdent Eisenhower that
as the waters receded more bodies
would jut out of their mud graves.
This might take weeks, perhaps
At the end, Peterson said, the
total would be about 500.
Of the known dead, 110 are un-
identified, most being buried in
mass graves as Cameron refugees
watch, unsure if their mothers or
children are lying in the pine
The threat, of disease appeared
to be the main block in starting to
rebuild Cameron but Sam Lynn,
from the U.S. Health, Education
and Welfare Department said "at
the moment there are no threats
to health in Cameron or the area
and there is no danger to Lake
Charles . .."
Chinese masters, he indicated,
used animals, nature and practi-
cal objects as subjects of their
work until Buddhism gained a
Prof. Loehr commented that it
wasn't until the turn of the 19th
century that Chinese art actually
developed a feeling for space.
Next lecturer in the series will
be G. L. Mehta, ambassador from
India, who will speak Tuesday.
WASHINGTON (A) -Defense-
minded senators slowed down the
congressional economy wave last
night by passing a military money
bill carrying more than 341/2 bil-
lion in new funds.
Passage was by a unanimous
74 to 0 vote.
The Senate total was $34,434,-
229,000 - $971,504,000 more than
the House voted on May 29.
Back to House
This biggest annual money
measure now goes back to the
House which is expected to send
it on to a Senate-House Compro-
mise Committee later this week or
early next week.
As the bulky defense bill left
the Senate it included most of the
defense funds. finally asked by
President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
Less than a quarter billion dol-
lars were missing. And these may
be provided by supplemental ap-
propriations or authority to trans-
fer other unspent, funds.
Carries New Funds
The bill carries new annual op-
erating funds for the fiscal year
that began Monday.
The Senate voted $16,384,093,-
000 for the Air Force; $10,054,255,-
000 for the Navy and Marines;
$7,397,156,000 for the Army; $682,-
375,000 for interservice activities;
and $16,350,000 for the office of
the secretary of defense..
This was about $1%12 billion be;
low President Eisenhower's ini-
tial budget requests. But the Pres-
ident had scaled those down by
more than 11/4 oillion dollars.
Before the final passage, a voice
vote adopted an amendment di-
recting that "so far as practica-
ble" defense contracts be awarded
on a competitive basis "to the
lowest responsible bidder."
But the Senate beat down 49 to
24 a last minute effort, led by Re-
publicans, to chip more than
$18212 million out of the bill.
The Senate voted to ask the
secretary of defense to eliminate
any "overlapping, duplication and
waste" in new defense funds.
Earlier the Senate had beaten
down a move by the Democrats to
reduce the military appropriations.
Cement Strike Spreads;
Major Cutbacks Likely
PHILADELPHIA WP)--A sharp cutback in construction projects
appeared a strong possibility by the end of the week as a cement
strike spread to plants in major producing centers yesterday.
Negotiations were begin conducted at widespread points in an
effort to prevent the shutdown from completely paralyzing the cement
industry-and by-the same token bring a halt to road making, building
construction and even do-it-your-O
Soviet Delegate Valerian Zorin
said he welecomed Stassen's state-
ment. He indicated it would be
referred to Moscow promptly for
Before Stassen spoke, the four
Western members of the subcom-
mittee said a temporary suspen-
sion of tests had been brought
"within the realm of possibility"
by Russia's decision to let. inter-
national inspectors enter the So-
viet Union to guard against cheat-
ing on an international agreement.
British Foreign Secretary Sel-
wyn Lloyd and French Delegate
Jules Moch gave full support to
Lloyd spoke to the subcommit-
tee just before Stassen made his
The British diplomat suggested
that Soviet and Western experts
should begin talks at once with
the aim of designing a detailed
system of controls and inspection.
After hearing Stassen, Zorin
said he was happy that the West-
ern powers-the United States,
Britain, France and Canada--had
recognized the need to stop tests.
He said he felt gratitude that the
West was trying to get agreed solu-
His statement raised h o p e s
among Western delegates about'
the eventual outcome of the talks.
The crucial meeting of the dis-
armament group in Lancaster
House began with Lloyd present-
ing the four-power Western policy
statement on ways of ending nu-
WASHINGTON (P) - Admin-
istration requests for authority
to sell or barter farm surpluses
with Communist Poland and oth-
er European satellites cleared a
major congressional hurdle yes-
A Senate-House committee
agreed to boost by $1,300,000,000
funds available for the farm sur-
The legislation now goes back
to the House and then the Senate
Poland recently signed an
agreement for nearly 49 million
dollars in United States products,
including farm surpluses.
BONN, Germany (A-Chan-
cellor Konrad Adenauer's own fol-
lowers deliberately sabotaged a
government atomic power bill yes-
terday because they feared it
would stop the West German
armed forces from having nuclear
By abstaining from voting in
the Bundestag (lower house of
Parliament) they killed a consti-
tutional amendment providing for
development of nuclear power for
The amendment was needed to
replace Allied laws, dating fr
the occupation, prohibiting atom-
Both the Christian Democrats
and opposition Socialists had
promised to support the bill.
After defeat of the bill Chris-
tian Democrat floor leader Hein-
rich Krone told reporters that the
rebel group in his party feared
national security would be endan-
gered by constitutionally restrict-
ing atomic development to "peace-
They believed it would prevent
the equipping of the armed forces
with A-weapons and even stop the
NATO allies from having them on
German soil, he said.
The 497-member Bundestag
failed to give the necessary two-
third majority for a constitution-
The vote was 328 in favor, 27
agatnst, and 45 abstained.
Earlier this week, Russia sent
a note to West Germany threat-
ening that acceptance of United
States arms would make reunifi-
cation an impossibility.
Prof. Joseph H. Greenberg of
Columbia University explained
how the axiomatic method, as
used in mathematics, and symbol-
ic logic, is related to linguistics
last night in Rackham.
Prof. Greenberg's talk empha-
sized the nature of the axiomatic
He said that in geometry, all
theorems had to be proved by
previous theorems, but originally
there had to be an axiom or self-
evident truth with which to start.
Similarly, in logic, something
must be taken as "intuitively ob-
vious" to start with.
"Schwa secundum: A Problem
in Reconstruction," will be dis-
cussed at the Linguistic luncheon
this noon at the League.
Prof. James Marchand of the
German Department at Washing-
ton University will be the speaker.
self home projects.
The walkouts on a plant-by-
plant basis began last week in
Pennsylvania's Lehigh Valley-the
nation's top cement manufactur-
ing area-and for the past five
days have been creeping into other
Neither union officials nor man-
agement spokesmen have esti-
matedthe full scope of the strike
but the Lehigh Valley segment of
the cement industry yesterday was
just about at a standstill with all
19 major plants affected, involving
some 6,000 workers.
The only real break in the strike
situation came Monday when
settlement was reached at the Og-
lesby, Ill., plant of the Marquette
Cement Manufacturing Co., where
500 workers were granted a wage
package increase of 16 cents an
Beginning a n d intermediate
dance classes are available from
7:30 to 9 p.m. on Tuesdays andj
Thursdays in the League Ballroom.
Beginners will meet on Thurs-
days and intermediate dancers on
The charge for men will be $4.00
for six lessons. Women will be
admitted free of charge.
There will also be dancing from
9 to 12 p.m. every Saturday in the
ballroom. Music will be played by
Paul Brodie's dance combo.
The League's dance class pro-
gram will continue through the
SPRING ROLLS, ALMOND COOKIES:
Native Cooking Featured in 'Glimpse of China'
By FRED KATZ
A memo to super-market man-
agers: Better stock up on all your
Viola Chang last night had the,
"Glimpse of China" audience at
the Rackham A s-e m bly Hall
imagining themselves seated at
a Chinese banquet as she gave a
discourse on cooking from her
Pangs of hunger must have
been developed in the most well-
fed individual, but they were par-
having tried grasshoppers before,
she bought a can, opened it at
home, found that they smelled as
bad as they looked, and discarded
the whole mess.
However, she said that sharks'
fins and the nests of sea swal-
lows are considered to be great
delicacies when they are served
as the contents of soup.
She ended her talk with some
timely advice by quoting the an-
cient proverb, "Peculiar dishes
result in extraordinary diseases."
A brief recital on the "Erho"
(Chinese violin) was given by
James Chao who demonstrated
the plaintive music characteristic
The instrument is a simplified
version of its Western "cousin,"
containing two strings made of
a combination of animal gut and
silk. The entire wooden structure