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Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
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TUESDAY, JULY 17, 1956 NIGHT EDITOR: DICK HALLORAN
Nehru, T110, Nasser Meeting
May Bolster Coexistence
SCHEDULED MEETINGS between Prime Min- First of all, the three have at one time or
ister Nehru of India, President Tito of another disavowed any intentions of separating
Yugoslavia and President Nasser of Egypt, are themselves from either East or West. Secondly,
vitally important to the West. their real power lies in their ability to create
Though no concrete formulas or specific imbalance by alliance with East or West.
policies are expected, what these three discuss Standing alone their force is considerably
may well shape the "cold war's" course. The diminished. It is a situation not unlike that
three important leaders, representing three, which prevails in Congress with the South.
continents, have been wined and dined by East And thirdly, they dissimilar have regional
and West alike in efforts to secure their favor. problems for which they need the help of East
Despite speculation and inference that would or West rather than each other (an example
place them in one camp or the other, the being Yugoslavia's interest in German re-
official policy of all three is neutralism. armification.)
Their basic point of difference with the West What is probable however, is that Tito's
is that they believe peaceful coexistence is policy of "active coexistence," and Nehru's con-
possible and see no danger in the Soviet Union. cept of "positive neutralism" will be strength-
They have refused to sever ties with the East ened, and the three will continue to hoe their
or West. Despite the extreme displeasure it narro wline.
arouses, the three trade freely with the Red Rather than formulate a new policy or line of
block. On the other hand they have not allowed action, the three will probably exchange ideas
the Soviets to reduce them to satellite status. and clarify their position with regard to one
They claim political independence. another.
RE ARE four possible political trends THE SIGNIFICANCE of all this to the United
that could develop as a result of the talks: States is not heartening. Stiffer competi-
alliance with the West, alliance with East, a tion may be expected in the economic offensive
third bloc, and continuation of the policy of and in the battle of ideologies. As Yugoslavia,
existing somewhere between East and West. Egypt and India continue to realize their
The first two are almost out of the question. increasing importance, continue to exploit their
All three leaders have indicated they have no ability to tip the scales if they please, the battle
intention of being engulfed by the Soviets. for their friendship will prove costly and diffi-
And they are too wary of Western domination cult.
and economic consequences of an alliance with It is a battle which must be won through
the West. economic aid and tactful diplomacy.
Appearance of a third bloc is also unlikely. -LEE MARKS
Expensive Air Force Egg
NOW THAT Congress has appropriated an IT IS NOT difficult to see why Twining says
extra $800,000,000 to the reluctant Depart- that he doesn't know quite how the money
ment of Defense in an attempt to revive our can be properly spent. Production facilities
supposedly dying bomber fleet, Secretary of are finite in size and cannot be doubled or
the Air Force Quarles and General of the Air tripled overnight. Even if it were possible, there
farce Twining have an expensive egg to hatch. would remain similar problems with regard to
Since the act shas passed, several statements manpower and material.
have been released by the Air Force to outline It can also be seen why the Air Force is
the possible expenditure of this money., First, reluctant to spend a large sum so quickly on
the ARir Force could effectively use the addi- reca pnalyrgrsugesomu s.klyo
tional money and although the money would not one weapon, namely long range bombers. All
be completely devoted to the production of the modern weapons tend to become quickly out-
B-52 heavy bomber, as much of it as possible moded, particularly airplanes, an despecialy in
would be used in that manner. Also, about the light of the ever expanding missile program.
$100,000,000 of it would be earmarked for Although one-might say that the money could
resgarch and there might be an increase in be devoted to research, here again, the prob-
the effort devoted to production of the new lems of manpower and facilities arise.
K135 Jet tanker. The Air Force had established a program
Along with these have been two statements it considered well balanced and effective and
contradicting the first. First, General Twining as a result, is unprepared to put such a large
stated that although he though that the money and sudde nappropriation to its best use.
could be effectively put to use, he also said he
didn't quite know how. Moreover, in an earlier If the U.S. Congress is really interested in
statement, he indicated that he did not think putting the taxpayers, dollar to good use, it
it was to engaged in a quantitive race with the should have established a program for in-
Russians. With the contradictions attendant in creasing the Air Force's budget gradually, and
these statements, one cannot help but doubt only at the speed the Air Force's procurement
just how effectively the extra appropriation and research departments are able to handle it.
will be used. --DAVE GELFAND
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Nehru vs. Colonialism
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'Henry V,' 'Merry Wives
In Artistic Tradition
By HARLAND BRITZ
STRATFORD, Ontario. The guiding genius of Tyrone Guthrie left the
Stratford Shakesperean Festival at the end of last summer's season,
content that the three-year-old company had firmly planted its roots
into the rolling Ontario countryside, and satisfied that it was of age
and capable of carrying on in the rich artistic tradition which he had
This summer's productions of Henry V and The Merry Wives of
Windsor justify his optimism.
So far, Henry V has received the most ballyhoo, probably because
of the personal triumph of Christopher Plummer in the title role. But
the current director, Michael Langham, deserves much praise for his
highly engaging production of the Merry Wives.
It is true that as a play The Merry Wives is not entirely satisfac-
Nixon Soft-Soaps Chiang
By DREW PEARSON
GOVERNMENT policy on , the
creeping paralysis of the steel
strike has puzzled labor and indus.
try leaders. Two conflicting views
have come from White House and
Eisenhower aides have told
newsmen that the Administration
did not want a strike, that they
were worried over what a pro-
longed strike would do to the econ-
omy; that they feared a chain
economic -reaction -might -throw
hundreds of thousands out of
Yet, simultaneously, Secretary
of Labor Mitchell, Ike's no. 1 la-
bor advisor, has not yet consulted
with the President, as of this writ-
ing. White House aides further
say they have not wanted to talk,
to General Eisenhower about the
strike for fear it might upset him.
How far the Administration has
gone to keep hands off the strike
is illustrated by the following:
Secretary Mitchell made a public
statement that the government
would not intervene Mitchell, a
smart and broad-Gauged Cabinet
member, must have known this
was arrogant meddling with the
Taft-Hartley act, which specific-
ally states that he has nothing to
do with federal mediation. The
Federal Mediation Service was
given complete and separate power
to act, yet Mitchell's statement
amounted to formal notice to the
steel companies that they could
go the limit without interference
from the government. This weak-
ened the hand of labor.
THE FEDERAL Mediation Serv-
ice did not make a single, solitary
move to prevent the strike, though
fully empowered to do so. Associate
Director Clyde Mills made a public
statement that the disagreement
"was susceptible to settlement,"
that it was a "matter of getting in
and giving it a push." But no push
was made. After the strike was
finally called it took 11 days for
the Federal Mediation Service to
arrange a meeting of the two sides.
Most potent economic force in
the Administration, astute Secre-
tary of the Treasury George Hum-
phry, did not intervene. Humphry
owns a steel company, National
steel; also the biggest coal com-
pany in the world, Pittsburgh Con-
solidated; also a fleet of boats on
the Great Lakes which carry iron
ore to the steel mills. He has not
hesitated to step in where econom-
ic matters were concerned. (It was
Humphry who put across the St.
Lawrence Seaway after 20 years
of delay, thereby expediting ore
shipments from his Labrador iron
fields.) But in the steel strike he
did not move
Labor and industry conclude,
therefore, that the Administration,
though unhappy about a strike,
did not want to incur industry
criticism by intervening.
* * *
INSIDE REASON why the State
Department suddenly ordered Vice
President Nixon to stop off at
Formosa to see Chiang Kai-shek,
was a warning that Chiang was
planning some suicide raids
against the China coast which
would upset the uneasy truce in
the Far East and might threaten
war right on the verge of the Ei-
senhower re-election campaign.
Nixon did a good job of soft-
soaping the Generalissimo and
getting him to promise to behave.
The bargain he made was that the
U.S.A. would steadfastly oppose
Red China's admission to the U.N.
Chiang had become aroused over
recent confidential notes leaking
out of the White House showing
that Eisenhower favored recogni-
tion of Red China.
While calm has been restored on
Formosa, Almost anything can
happen there if Chiang once again
gets the idea his chief ally is de-
* * *A
ATOMIC energy boss Admiral
Lewis Strauss is not an unhand-
some man. Nevertheless, he likes
to look as tall as anyone else.
As the Admiral was about to be
photographed the other day with
Deputy Undersecretary of State
Robert Murphy and Belgium Am-
bassador Baron Silvercruys, an
aide hurriedly lugged in a huge
book, dropped it at Strauss's feet
The Atomic Energy chief sol-
emnly mounted the makeshift
pedestal and stood shoulder-to-
shoulder with the other digni-
taries while the flashbulbs popped.
WORST disgrace that can be-
fall a diplomat is to be ousted
from a country. Yet Syrian Am-
bassador Farid Zeineddine is de-
liberately trying to get kicked out
of the United States.
He has been attacking the loy-
alty of American Jews in speeches
around the country,, though he
knows this is a violation of dip-
lomatic rules. His friends on em-
bassy row say he hopes to provoke
the American authorities into or-
dering him to leave.
Ambassador Zeineddine has
been identified with the pro-Soviet
faction in his country ever since
he served as Syrian Minister to
Moscow in 1945-47. By forcing the
United States to oust him for at-
tacking the Jews, he would em-
barrass the U. S. A. with Syria's
This would not only hurt the
United States in the Arab world,
but it also would boost the Am-
bassador's political prestige at
home. He would come home a
martyr for speaking out against
the Jews in defiance of the
American Jewish leaders have
protested to the State Department
against Zeineddine's inflammatory
speeches, but Secretary of State
Dulles is in a box as to what to do
(Copyright 1956, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
tory. A farce of the broadcast sort,
it is filled with incredible situa-
tions and predictable conclusions.
The final scene with its "masque"
featuring Falstaff wearing stag
antlers is nothing less than ab-
Structurally the play disinte-
grates towards the end. But with
Langham's skilful direction and a1
company that is extremely compe-
tent down to the last walk-on, the!
Merry Wives is, for the most part,1
highly entertaining theater. Cer-
tainly the Stratford company has1
done much with the play as is con-t
ceivable. And for this they deserve
a great deal of credit.
The scholarly old wives tale says
that the play was written because
Queen Elizabeth wanted to see
Falstaff in love. This is a different
Falstaff from the ingeniously wit-
ty and exhuberant Falstaff of
Henry IV. He is past his prime and
the awkwardness of his wooing, as
well as the blandness of his jests,
suggest the degeneration of the
great comic figure.
He is old and mellowed and is
past the ability to turn every re-
versal into a personal victory.
Those who would have preferred'
to see a more sprightly Sir John
can only b l a m e Shakespeare.
D o u g 1 a s Campbell, Stratford's
jack-of-all-trades played him to
the letter and spirit of the text.
* * *1
DIRECTOR LANGHAM'S wife,
Helen Burns, took the female hon-
ors as the captivating and genial
Mistress Ford. Her own laughter at
Falstaff's mishaps was so conta-
geous that she had the entire au-
dience howling in the two escape
scenes. Her co-consirator, Mistress
Page received a delightful imper-
sonation by Pauline Jameson, a
newcomer to the company.
The Pistol - Nym - Barolph se-
quences, as well as the Doctor
Caius incidents, were played by
some of the company's most tal-
ented actors and their adroitness
as the low comedy maneuvers con-
tributed greatly to the overall
mirth. Caius, in particular, was a
scene stealer. Gratien Gelinas, a
member of the French company
playing Moliere in French at the
nearby Avon theater, brought a
mixture of French mannerisms
and expression to the predomin-
antly English flavor of Caius'
speeches, adding a new dimension
to the role and justifying every
bit of the part assigned to him.
Tanya Moisewitsh, the gifted
designer who planned the unusu-
al Stratford stage, also designed
the costumes as she has done each
season. The Merry Wives of Wind-
sor bore early 17th century trap-
pings because, as Miss Moisewitsh
explains in the program, the play
is "a satire of the middle class
morality obtaining in Shake-
speare's lifetime." As usual, her
costumes were magnificent.
HENRY V was a very good pro-
duction. But it was not a world
beater, nor was it the best thing
Stratford has done to date. This
was not the play's fault as there
were too many scenes which could
and have been engrossing, which
dragged and seemed tiresome.
Chief among these were the epi-
sodes involving Jamy, Fluellen and
MacMorris, the lower ranking of-
ficers. Their speech was unpardon-
ably garbled and their contribu-
tion to the play was lost. The
other offending scenes were those
in the French court. The actors
merely spoke their lines, and al-
though speeches call for a cer-
tain amount of underplay, the ac-
tors failed to put much of any-
thing into their lines. Only the
Dauphin was spirited, but the
meaning of many of his speeches
was missed because of the heavy
French accent of Roger Garceau,
another French actor in the com-
pany, who just did not sound at
home with the English tongue. He
did, however, provide the proper
boyishness and enthusiasm the
On the brighter side was the
portral of Henry by Christopher
Plummer, Plummer bears an ama-
zing physical resemblance to Sir
Laurence Olivier. Those familiar
with the Oilvier film of Henry V
could not help but compare the
two. Plummer bears the compari-
He is an extremely gifted actor
who promises to provide the tal-
.nt ncssrv for the Stratford
its concern for its subjects The
subsequent battle-eye prayer was
sincere and moving.
The play celebrates Henry as
hero, as leader who summons up
the courage of a small and ragged,
unprofessional army to defeat a
huge, well outfitted battalion of
defending Frenchmen. Such a man
as Plummer acts must Henry have
been. The importance of the hu-
man force in history is the lesson
Plummer teaches with his mature
On the lighter side Plummer
conveys the rugged character of
English courting with the beautiful
French princess. He is at once di-
rect and conscious of his direct-
ness, yet always maintaining com-
mand of the situation.
This particular' scene is also
well handled by Ginette Letondal,
a French-Canadian actress who
earlier delighted the audience with
the wonderful scene In which she
masters the English vocabulary in
preparation for this courtship.
The French ladies in the play
outdo their male counterparts in
conveying the gentility and aes-
thetic awareness of the French
The low comedy scenes were
played by different actors than in
the Merry Wives. Douglass Camp-
bell, our Falstaff, played the swag-
gering and cowardly Pistol. It did
seem that some of Falstaff's mel-
lowness carried over to the Pistol
portrayal, for the comic scenes
lacked the fun of the previous
Many of the Stratford regulars
were unhappy with this year's
choice of plays. Although a comedy
and a history were successfully
paired the first season, Alls Well
that Ends Well is a better comedy
than The Merry Wives of Windsor.
Those of us who have made the
Stratford season an annual event
are hoping that net year, when
the proposed permanent theater
replaces the current tent, the com-
pany will finally attempt one of
the great tragedies.
The festival is now mature and
should perform the mature plays.
The Daily Official Bulein is an
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of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi.
bility. Notices should be sent I
TYPEWRITTEN from the Room 3553
Administration Building before 4 p.m.
the day preceding pblication.
TUESDAY, JULY 17, 1956
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 155
Second Phi Delta Kappa Luncheon.
Thurs., July 19 at 12:00 noon in the
Michigan Union Cafeteria. Ralph A.
Sawyer, Dean of the Horace H. Rack-
ham school of Graduate Studies, will
speak on "why we Emphasize Re.
Lecture (with film), auspices of the.
Department of Music Education, School
of Music. "Music, An Asset or a
Liability." John, C. Kendel, American
Music Conference. ed. July 1, 7:00
p.m., Aud. A, Angel Hl.
Foreign Language Lecture: Prof. The-
odore Mueller of Wayne state Universi.
ty, on "A Practical High School Lan-
guage Laboratory and its Integration"
Tues., July 17, at 4:10 p. in. i m.
429 Mason Hall. The public is invited.
The Department of Classical Studies
will give an informal tea for Its Stud-
ents on Tues., July 17, in therEast Con-
ference Room of the Rackham Build-
ing, at 4 p. i. Anyone interested in
the Classics is invited.
Foreign Language Examination for
M. A. candidates in History. Thurs.,
July 26; 4:00 p. m. Room 2402, Mason
Hall. Sign in the History Office. Dic-
tionaries may be used.
Le Cercle Francals weekly meeting
Thurs., July 19 at 8:00 p. m. in the
vandenberg Room of the Michigan
League. Dr. C. G. Christofides will pre-
sent a talk illustrated in color oni
"Paris et ses peintres." Games and
Doctoral Examination for Norman
Luxenburg, History; thesis: "Russian
Expansion into the Caucasus and the
English Relationship Thereto," Tues.,
July 17, 3609 Haven Hall, at 2:00 p. m.
Chairman, A. A. Lobanov-Rostovsky.
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
HAS PRIME MINISTER Nehru of India
realized that he cannot continue his cam-
paign against colonialism without taking notice
of Russia's domination of Eastern Europe?
Nehru has been hearing plenty of criticism
that his "neutralism" is heavily loaded in favor
That he resents it was clearly indicated Sat-
urday night by his statement in Bonn that "the
United States expects others to follow its will"
and "leaves no room for any country to sit on
On Monday, however, Nehru said at Ham-
burg: "We have to recognize that it is wrong
to interfere with another state's affairs by
aggression or by hanging its internal organi-
zation by political or economic means."
TH HAT COULD be taken as merely another
shot at what Nehru conceives to be West-
Yet the Western powers, being involved pri-
marily in escaping gracefully from the results
of former colonial policies, have for years
shown no signs of harboring any new designs
against underdeveloped peoples.
Russia, however, has very recently pursued
and has not recanted a policy which the Nehru
statement accurately describes.
Whether that has meaning or not must be
considered against the background of Nehru's
. : the Eastern European
states "are of course under a certain domina-
tion, under the rule of another country, and
I certainly believe they should be free."
EHRU stressed that what he actually said
was that "all states under foreign domi-
nation should be free."
He refused to pass judgment on whether the
Eastern European states, specifically, are domi-
nated by Russia, specifically. "Perhaps they
are, but I cannot judge that."
Maybe he was just talking in diplomatic
terms. Maybe he was preparing the ground for
more complete clarification later. Until now
he has seemed peculiarly blind to the plight of
the European satellites.
New Books at the Library
Bauer, John--Charles Berchfield; NY, Mac-
Benes, Eduard-Memoirs of Dr. Eduard Benes:
From Munich to New War and New Victory;
Boston, Houghton, Mifflin, 1956.
Berlioz, Hector-Evenings with the Orchestra;
NY, Knopf, 1956.
Berton, Pierre--The Mysterious North; NY,
Birney, Hoffman--The Dice of God; NY,
Henry Holt, 1956.
Brooks, Van Wyck-Helen Keller: Sketch for
a Portrait; NY, EP Dutton, 1956.
Buck, Pearl S.-Imperial Woman; NY, John
Campbell, Patricia-The Royal Anne Tree;
NY. Macmilan 19r
ROLAND HAYES RECITAL:
Singer Still Master of Vocal Art
IN A very dignified, but in no
ways simple recital last night,
Roland Hayes showed what the
art of singing is essentially. And
this demonstration was no small
thing, since his once glorious voice
is all but gone; the lovely surface
sheen, as well as the brilliance in
the upper register, and there seems
to be a clear break between the
upper and lower register in their
But this is not surprising in
someone who has been singing
since the turn of the century. And
last night, Mr. Hayes showed that
he knows exactly how to save and
use his voice, singing loudly and
forcefully only when necessary;
,-. . ,,.. ..._ .,.. . . .:
BUT MR. HAYES no longer has
the control necessary for rapid,
near-coloratura singing, as de-
manded by "Let each Gallant
Heart." In the four numbers from
Schubert's Die Winterreise, Mr.
Hayes showed his ability to create
a musical mood by musical means
alone, with the slightest change
in vocal color pointing up words
in the text.
Despite the fact that many of
the top notes and quite a few of
the transitional notes leading to
them in the context of a musical
phrase were off-pitch, what emerg-
ed were truly musical sequences in
reminded us again that Mr. Hayes
has been noted for his past suc-
cesses in the singing of French
FOUR NEGRO spirituals in Mr.
Hayes' own arrangement closed
the formal part of the program.
Sung in Mr. Hayes' own classically
restrained style, the numbers
somehow took on a universal as-
pect, and they no" longer seemed
I suppose this ability is the
magic of great music: but this is
not to say that Mr. Hayes' spirit-
uals sounded like Haydn or Ber-
lioz. Each of these composers'
songs were given their distance
LEE MARKS, Managing Editor