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July 06, 1956 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1956-07-06

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Sixty-Sixth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSTY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

Now, Who Did You Say Should Have Spoken Up?"

W then upixutnhb are Free,
r'-itb Will Prepvai'

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
FRIDAY, JULY 6, 1956 NIGHT EDITOR: ADELAIDE WILEY

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AT THE MICHIGAN:
Lad Go Home' and
Tyrannosaurus Rex
T HE Michigan has a strange pair this week.
"The Animal World." as the name implies, covers the recent
period of a few billion years beginning with the appearance of one-
celled organisms on earth, and culminating with the arrival of man,
most intelligent of the animals, upon the scene.
This film is sponsored by numerous scientific organizations and
is therefore expected to be not innaccurate.
Color films of undersea life: fighting protozoa and bizarre sea
creatures compete with animated dinosaus battles for attention of the

Little Sympathy
For Steel Strikers

VT'S HARD to have much sympathy for the
steel workers union in the current strike.
If the steel workers were suffering from any
serious detriment due to low wages, poor work-
ing conditions, or lack of fringe benefits, one
could look with tolerance upon their demands.
But in the past ten years, wages have risen
almost 100 per cent in the industry and num-
erous fringe benefits have been adopted. The
average steel worker's yearly income is well
in excess of the national average and unem-
ployment is no major problem in a relatively
stable industry.
Yet the steel workers have chosen to strike
for higher wages and benefits. In an economy
such as ours, where every movement and tremor
in the steel industry produces a marked effect
on all other industries and ultimately on the
entire American economy, only higher prices
and its attendant higher cost of living can
result for the American consumer.
THIS IS a day and age when those with fixed
incomes take it on the nose. If the steel
workers get what they are asking for (and
there is little reason to believe that they will
not receive the large majority of their de-
mands) a round of wage increases in other
industries will soon follow, and the price in-
crease will be right on its heels.
Labor and Management are both due their
fair share of the return gained from their pro-
duct. Butt if labor's share is increased it will
not in this case be at the expense of a smaller
share for the owners. The 'only other place
where this added cost can be absorbed is in-
come from the consumer, and this means higher
prices.

It's difficult to seen any reason for this. The
steel workers, along with the rest of the con-
suming public, in the long run, will gain little
more for his extra dollar in the way of pur-
chasing power. One need not be a graduate
economist to understand this. It appears that
the steel union just wants an extra cut of the
pie for itself, with little regard for the effect
its action has on the rest of the nation, or for
that matter, on themselves.
Do the leaders of the union know and see
where they are going and taking the nation?
Further, do they care? Time alone will tell as
progress toward a settlement is or is not made.
A GRADUAL and moderate increase ini wages
and benefits is certainly a healthy sign
that the economy is continuing to expand and
the standard of living is still on the rise. But
a drastic pushing up of the wage level does
not bring this about. Rather, it slows down the
progress of the increase in the purchasing
power of the dollar by its inflationary effect.
All in all, the current actions of the steel
workers bodes ill for the welfare of the nation.
The memory of the booming times of the
twenties and the bread lines of the thirties
should be strong enough to caution against
moves which push the inflationary cycle even
higher. But apparently they aren't.
Unless the steel workers accept a compromise
to their demands and take a more moderate
gain than they originally asked for, the Ameri-
can consumer can look for higher prices for
his car, his TV set, and his haircuts in the
not too distant future.
-RICHARD HALLORAN

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eits' TIA F e4404i6Wet ?'oSr TC0
AT LYDIA MENDELSSOHN:
' nastasia' Of fers Exciting Drama

Negro Contributions:
A Timely Review

"PATTE RNS of American Culture: Contribu-
tions of the Negro," the University's special
summer series, promises many things in the
appraisal of the race whose color rather than
accomplishments seems to have been empha-
sized,
Many social scientists predict, can even con-
firm to a degree, that thousands of years from
now all humans will be a natural tan with
gold-brown hair and eyes. In lieu of this, still
keeping in mind the unsure quality of much of
social science, it would appear that the Civil
War, recent Supreme Court decisions regarding
segregation, and the University's program might
nlot have been necessary if everyone just thought
of humians as humans.
Clearly, though, at this poin in American
History a review of the Negro's contributions
to'the culture is needed and timely. The city
of Detroit, with a presentation titled: "Pano-
rama of Progress" is doing somewhat the same.
BUT THE TITLE of the University's program
is rather misleading. In the first place, no
one will want to stick merely to lists of Negroes
who have done things for the country, nor will
anyone want to simply hear words of praise.
At a time when people are worried about whom
they sit next to on a bus, some action and
thought must take place.
The first lecturer who came to Ann Arbor
recognized this and spoke about his people,
saying that what most of them wish is to walk
this earth with dignity, which is all most
humans want. He initiated the University
series rather well, surrendering his original
topic, "The American People in Government."
However, he did not really dig into that big
word, segregation, which was actually not up
to him.

After his lecture, a Negro lady approached
the podium and said to some friends she would
like to know what his IQ was, because of the
various claims made about Negro intellect being
primitive and lower than the white's, and be-
cause his IQ was obviously high.
This sort of thing seems rather superficial,
and probably has never been satisfactorily an-
swered, but it calls to mind many things he
might have mentioned.
THE SECOND SPEAKER went a little farther,
though essentially his speech did not touch.
race "problems" and he failed to make many
commitments on his own ideas. eingg the man
he is, he might have gon farther in his area,'
sports, and given his answer to that often-
heard question: Are only Negroes with excep-
tional ability allowed on big teams? He might
have come up with suggestions for getting more
Negroes in the wonderful world of sport, where
teamwork, and gamesmanship are lauded and
he might have told more about his own work
with Negro children.
There are twelve more lectures in the Uni-
versity's series. The speakers represent a wide
array of possible professions for Americans,
with some exciting titles on their speeches. We
hope they deal broadly with existing "prob-
lems." This is a university, a place where
human beings, the most interesting species, are
learning to think and act according to their
thought.
We hope future speakers take advantage of
us; get down to the marrow of their thought,
and leave us with some challenges here and
there.
--ADELAIDE WILEY

IF THE PRODUCTION of Mar-
celle Maurette's "Anastasia" at
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre is any
sort of augury, the Speech Depart-
ment's 1956 Summer Playbill will
be a most rewarding season. This
sentimental romance, which open-
ed Wednesday and will run
through Saturday, is given an ex-
citingly polished performance by
a group of actors who seem to have
set themselves thoroughly profes-
sional standards.
The play, presented in an Eng-
lish adaptation by Guy Bolton,
involves a group of Czarist refu-
gees in Berlin in 1936 who con-
tinue to play royalty. The appear-
ance of a girl who resembles the
supposedly-assasinated Grand Du-
chess Anastasia, daughter of the
Czar, inspires a small group to pro-
claim her the rightful heir to the
money the Czar had deposited in
foreign banks.
The fraud encounters several
complications, most obviously, re-
quiring the acceptance of the girl
Anna by remaining members of
the Romanoff family-but most
perplexing for Prince Bounine and
the other plotters, it soon appears
that the girl is really Anastasia.
A COUPLE OF standard ideas
constitute the main appeal of
the play-the Pygmalion-Galatea
relationship between Anastasia
and Bounine, and the fairy-tale
discovery of a lost princess. These,
with the mock pomp of dethroned
nobility and the search for love
and security by Anastasia and her
Dowager Empress - grandmother,

audience. Physiologist Lois Walker
comments that the film is well
done, if overlong.
h* r
A WORD should be said about
the news and previews. Impossible.
Nasser gets 991 of the Egyptian
vote for President by the simple
device of making his the only name
on the ballot and requiring every-
one to vote. Bob Hope has dis-
covered a newcomer named Vic-
toria Shaw who, a'fter brief scene
re-creating her discovery and test-
ing, proves in a short scene
with Tyrone Power that she can
act as well as he, which is to say
not at all.
* * *
"Good-bye, My Lady" is a vari-
ation on the theme: Boy meets
Dog, Boy catches Dog, Boy Loses
Dog. And so he does.
Boy, Brandon de Wilde, is a
curious mixture of Will Rogers
and Carl Sandburg; a rare com-
bination in one so young. He lives
with Old Man, Walter Brennen,
Southerner with Maineraccent.
Phil Harris plays Storekeeper: a
dog lover with a heart of gold.
This trio stumbles upon Dog,
played by Lady, who is something
of a superdog and can outrun other
dogs and fight too. Boy eventually
catches Dog and trains her to be-
come the greatest bird dog ever,
who can sniff birds at 50 yards
and point all day. Phil Harris is
amazed. His dogs are hopelessly
outsniffed.
Dog turns out to be a rare Afri-
can animal, 2000 years old, easily
worth her weight in concubines.
Boy finds out, turns Dog back to
Owners, but emerges a 'more
mature soul for the experience.
Nice for the children.
-David Kessel
LETTERS
to the
EDITOR
Letters to the Editor must be signed
and limited to 300 words. The Daily
reserves the right to edit or with-
hold any letter.
Squirrels ..
To the Editor:
CONCERNING your recent (June
26th) squib on squirrels, let me
comment that I am happy to see
Natural History make the front
page. However, the second para-
graph should be corrected to read:
"These happy animals, called
Sciurus carolinensis by misinform-
ed Daily authors, are called Sciur-
us niger by naturalists, ...."
Although gray squirrels, S. carol-
inensis, do occur in this area, the
common park and city animals are
fox squirrels, S. niger.
Incidentally,atheseranimals are
around town all year. Their ap-
parent increase this time of year
is due to natural phenomenon call-
ed breeding which takes place in
the fall. The grown up young-
sters add to the population in late
spring and early summer.
By fall, their numbers are re-
duced again by the hazards of
traffic, pot-pie fans, and natural
means.
-Andrew Starrett

fill the show with scenes ranging,
from pure sentimentality to pathe-
tic ribaldry.
Beverly Canning, whose Hop-
wood Award play was produced by
the Speech Department during the
spring semester, appears as Ana-
stasia. From her first entrance
Miss Canning commands the at-
tention of the audience, and she
seldom fails to surpass expecta-
tions. She has a curious ability to
communicate a tenseness altogeth-
er appropriate to Anastasia's pre-
carious position, and her occasion-
al moments of awareness and
command are acted with quiet
firmness and subtlety.
Miss Canning's particular ef-
fectiveness is best displayed in her
two interviews with the old em-
press. The grandmother, cautious
to protect her precious memories
of her family, is immediately skep-
tical of this "pretender", but a
series of fortuitous remarks by the
girl convinces the, old woman
of Anastasia's identity. These
speeches, at the pathetic cilmax
of the play in the second act, are
so carefully and symbolically em-
phasized by Miss Canning that her
characterization is vaulted to
heights of power and grandeur
which she never abandons to the
final curtain.
* * *
AS HER PARTNER in these
scenes, the Dowager Empress
Marie, Shirley Tepper performs
admirably. Miss Tepper has some
difficulty assuming a 70-year-old
character role, particularly since

most of her local acting experience
has been as an ingenue, but she
wisely stresses the old woman's
frailty and loneliness, and makes
up in pathos for what she might
lose in majesty.
Earl Sayer, playing the leading
male role, that of the unscrupulous
Prince Bounine, does a masterful
job. Mr. Sayer has appeared many
times in local productions, but he
has never been more completely
in control of his copious talents.
The full load of an extremely ex-'
pository first act falls upon him,
and only his extraordinary facility
carries it off.
Among the smaller roles that
of Dr. Serensky, Anastasia's lover
during her obscure sojourn in
Bucharest, is played superbly by
Glen Phillips. Richard Allen and
David Lloyd, appearing as con-
spirators with Prince Bounine, are
effective if not powerful
* * *
MUCH OF THE CREDIT for the
production must necessarily go
to director Jack Bender. Occasion-
al improbabilities in stage move-
ment may be ascribed to him, but
in a performance of uniform effect
the driector's hand is seldom seen
but always present.
"Anastasia" is probably the
finest theatrical production pre-
sented to Ann Arbor audiences
since Moliere's- "The Misanthrope"
early in the spring; it promises a
very ° entertaining summer pro-
gram.
i --Tom Arp

Stock Market
Shows -Gain
By The Associated Press
A CONFIDENT stock market
carved out further gains Thurs-
day in the heaviest trading since
June 8.
With steels and aircrafts in the
van, pivotal stocks ran ahead from
fractions to around $2 and a few
were up nearly $4.
Volume rose to 2,240,000 shares
compared with 1,840,000 Tuesday.
The broad advance included sec-
ondary stocks as well as the blue
chips.
The general public entered the'
market increasingly as the feeling
spread that President Eisenhower
would reaffirm his candidacy for
re-election.
At the same time, mediation ef-
forts to settle the 5-day-old steel
strike accompanied a conviction
that this would not be a walkout
of long duration and that, in any
event, higher steel prices and an-
other round of inflation would be
the inevitable outcome.
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Universty
of Michigan for which the Michiga
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN from the Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication.
FRIDAY, JULY 6, 1956
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 8
General Notices
Late Permission: All women students
who attended the Ellington Concert,
Mon, July 2, had late permission until
11:15 p.m. ,
Late Permission: All women students
who attended the play "Anatasia" on
Wed., July 4, had late permission until
11:05 p.m.
Fresh Air Camp Clinic Fri., July 6 at
8:00 p.m. at the Fresh Air Camp. Dr.
Ralph Rabinovitch will be psychiatri
consultant.
LECTURES
Dr. F.H.C. Crick of Cambridge Uni-
versity will lecture on "The Structure
or Globular Proteins" Fri., July 6, 4:00
p.m. Aud. B, Angell Hall.
UNIVERSITY LECTURE: Tues., July
10, 3:00 p.m., Aud. A, Angell Hall, spon-
sored by Department of Music Educa-
tion of the School of Music: "The
Democratization of Music Through
Science and Technology", by Delinda
Roggensack of Cornell College, Mt.
Vernon, Iowa. Open to the publio.
PLAY
ANASTASIA, first play on the Depart-
ment of Speech Summer Playbill will be
be presented at 8 P.M. in the Lydia
MendelssohngTheatre tonight through
Saturday night.
CONCERTS
CORRECTION:
The concert by the University Sum-
mer Symphony Orchestra, previously
planned for Thur., July 26, in Hill
Auditorium, has been cancelled.
STUDENT RECITAL POSTPONED:
The recital by Pricilla Bickford, so-
prano, previously announced for Mon.,
evening July 9, in Aud. A. Angell Hall,
has bee npostponed until Sun. evening,
July 22.
FACULTY RECITAL: 8:30 p.m. Tues.
July 10, Rackham Lecture Hall, by
Robert Hord, Assistant Professor of
Piano. Sonata in A minor Op. 143,
Debussy's Brouillards, LaTerrasse de
audiences du Clair de lune, Fe
d'artifice, and Halsey Stevens' Three

Preludes for Piano. After intermission
Hord will play Sonata In B minor by
Liszt. Open to the general public with-
out charge.
Academic Notices
SCHOOLS OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRA-
TION, EDUCATION, MUSIC, NATURAL
RESOURCES AND PUBLIC HEALTH
Students, who received marks of 2,
X or 'no reports' at the end of their
last semester or summer session of at-
tendance, will receive a grade of "E"
in thescourse or courses, unless this
work is made up. In the School of
Music, this date is by July 20. In the
Schools of Business Administration,
Education, Natural Resources and Pub-
lic Health, this date is by July 25. Stu-
dents, wishing an extension of time be-
yond these dates in order to make up
the work, should file a petition, addres-
sed to the appropriate official of their
School, with Room 1513 Administration
Building, where it will be transmitted.
LA SOCIEDAD HISPANICA. of the De-

I

4

TODAY AND TOMORROW:
'Eagerbeaverism' in American Foreign Policy?

INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Communists Confused

By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
THIS IS an even better time than usual not
to believe anythingg you hear and less than
half of yhat you see about Communist affairs.
Internationally, the party members from top
to bottom are confused.
Domestically, at the Russian font of all party
wisdom, the leaders appear to be in tiouble.
In the United States the party, claiming eman-
cipation from the necessity of revolution by
violence and strict allegiance to Moscow, is
trying to get out Irom under the Subversive
Activities Control Board. -
Editorial Staff
LEE MARKS, Managing Editor
Night Editors

IN ITALY, Palmiro Togliatti, shrewd Com-
munist leader, first claimed emancipation,
now claims renewed allegiance to Moscow.
There is talk that Khrushchev & Co. is
coming apart at the seams within Russia. Out-
side Russia there is talk that international
communism is also coming apart.
There does seem to be concern in Moscow
over the varying reactions non-Soviet Com-
munists to the downgrading of Stalin and the
revelation before all of the world of what can
happen under the totalitarian Communist sys-
tem.
THE Central Committee of the party has
issued a statement trying to quell the for-
eign criticism with a feeble explanation and
an appeal for a solid front against the threat
of world anti-Communist forces.

By WALTER LIPPMANN
FOR SOME time past, before the
President went to the hospital,
there was talk in Washington of
a rivalry betwen the State Depart-
nuent and some members of the
White House staff who deal with
foreign affairs. The President, it
was said, was not listening exclu-
sively to Mr. Dulles, and this was
why there was occasionally, as for
example in regard to the neutrals,
such a big difference between the
President and the Secretary of
State. Some observers even went
so far as to say that there had
begun to exist-as in Wilson's day
with Col. House and Roosevelt with
Harry Hopkins--a second Foreign
Office in the White House itself.
Things have never gone nearly
so far as that. For one thing, the
President has too deeply ingrained
a respect for official channels and
regular procedure; for another,
what happened under Wilson and
Roosevelt is possible only when
the President seems to be his own
Foreign Minister. But it was true
in what might be called the higher
strategy of the cold war President
Eisenhower has asserted his inde-

HITHERTO, the psychological
warriors, like the cloak and dag-
ger men of the 'Intelligence Serv-
ice, have been kept separate from
the foreign service, who business it
is to conduct the acknowledgeed
foreign relations of the United
States. Even though the adminis-
trative control of the propaganda
has been in the Department of
State, it has been assumed that
the Secretary of State was not
himself an active propagandist.
To be that is a new role and it
is, I believe, bad for our diplomacy
and for our propaganda as well.
President Eisenhower was follow-
ing a sound rule, attested by ex-
perience at home and abroad,
when in the person of Mr. C. D.
Jackson and then of Mr. Nelson
Rockefeller, he placed the Chief of
Propaganda in the White House,
away from the State Department,
and under his own personal super-
vision.
This separation preserves the
desirable distinction between for-
eign policy and propaganda. For
the Secretary of State cannot af-

notion and to "engineer their con-
sent."
A Secretary of State who him-
self assumes the role of Chief
Propagandist can succeed only in
undermining his own credit as a
diplomat. Like a doctor who sells
patent medicine, he sacrifices his
professional standing.
IT MAY BE asked what differ-
ence does it make who does the
propaganda? If a government re-
sorts to propaganda, how can a
Secretary of State, since he is a
leading member of the govern-
ment, escape the responsibility and
consequences? The answer is that
a way has been worked out in
practice which is generally accept-
ed by all governments. Every gov-
ernment does propaganda, and
every government knows that every
other government does propagan-
da. If all the propaganda were to
be treated as genuine foreign pol-
icy, international business would
be a total muddle.
Tacitly and by common consent,
the governments have adopted a
kind of agreement that they will
not take at face value the propa-

* * *
THE CASE for separation is
equally strong when you think of
the effectiveness of the propagan-
da. As a result of the campaign
launched by Khrushchev against
Stalin, the international Com-
munist movement and the whole
Communist orbit are passing
through an agonizing reappraisal
which may well have epochal sig-
nificance.
What should be the American
stand in the face of these develop-
ments? Should we as eager beav-
ers call attention to ourselves,
making ourselves out either prime
movers in the upheaval, and let-
ting no day pass without saying
or doing something that is meant
to be an American intervention?
Shall we be like Chanticleer, the
rooster, who came to believe that'
the sun rose because he crowed at
dawn? Or shall we avoid giving
the impression that we are some-
how engineering the upheaval,
that what is going on is not so
much an upheaval from within the
Communist world as it is a dis-
turbance due to our intervention?

aloof and uncontaminated
propaganda.

by

At the United Nations Russia has returned
to the Stalinist line on disarmament 'as ex-

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