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August 03, 1956 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1956-08-03

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Sixty-Sixth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNWERSrry OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

"Somebody Up There Doesn't Like Me"

When Opinions Are Pro%,
Truth ww lPmmiiu

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Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
FRIDAY,'AUGUST 3, 1956 NIGHT EDITOR: DICK HALLORAN

Burma-China Skirmish
May Pose Ticklish Question

SOMEWHAT overshadowed by the news of the
news of the Egyptian crisis, events along the
China-Burma border have received scant atten-
tion the past few days.
What has happened there is a rather perti-
nent commentary on the state of world affairs
and international politics-there was a time
when the invasion of one country by the armed
forces of another would have started a war.
The fact that such a war has not yet started is
perhaps indicative that man has at long last
gotten a grain of sense into his head and is
willing to wait until his temper cools before
flying off the handle.
On the other hand, this may well be wishful
thinking as events in Burma are still in an
early stage of development and too little is
known at this time to make any sort of edu-
cated guess as'to what will eventually happen.
The Chinese Communists, in occupying an
estimated 1000 square miles of Burma in the
wilds of the Gachin country in northeastern
Burma, have invaded with a relatively small
force and appear to be probing and testing the
Burmans to see what reaction they get.
T HAT THIS penetration is a deliberate one,
ordered and planned by Peiping, cannot be
doubted. The explanation given by the Com-
munist government in previous and similar,
though not as extensive instances has been that
the local military commander acted on his own
initiative without direction from Peiping.
This excuse is absurd. In any Communist
army, military leaders are subjected to the
strictest of political and military discipline and
control. For the military commander in Yun-

nan, the Chinese province bordering on north-
east Burma, to undertake this invasion on his
initiative is unthinkable.
In a regime where deviation from the estab-
lished governmental policy brings swift retali-
ation, to commence an operation which has
such serious political implications as this one,
without expressed orders from the political
leaders, can result only in dismissal, at the very
least.
SHOULD THIS invasion develop into a major
crisis, a new and extremely important prob-
lem will face the United States.
Burma has no military alliance with the
United States nor have there been any major
economic ties between the two nations, Burma
having rejected American offers of economic
aid. Burma is not a member of the Southeast
Asia Trtaty Organization.
If full scale hostilities break out, will Burma
call upon the United Nations, and therefore
indirectly the United Sates, for military assist-
ance to repel the aggressor? And if she does,
what will be the reaction in the United States,
where efforts to win the alliance of Burma have
previously been rejected?
Will America want to go to the rescue of a
nation by whom she has been rebuffed, a nation
which has put all of its stock in neutralism and
ignored the invitation to become partners in
collective security? This question could easily
come up not only with regard to Burma but
with any of the nations now sitting on the fence
of neutralism.
Going it alone is noble and convenient when
times are good, but becomes a nightmare when
life gets rough.
--RICHARD HALLORAN

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AT THE MICHIGAN:
'Satellite' Tells Secret;
Look to the Skies!
"SATELLITE IN THE SKY" purports to reveal the world's most
guarded secret: namely that a rocket-propelled satellite has been
produced and is this very moment circling the globe, looking down on
us poor sinners.
The sets for this film are extensive and, of course, scientifically
absurd. Somehow, the laboratories I see are never half so pretty as

I

, . - ; "
Z

Copyright, 1956, The Pulitzer Publfshing aCo
at. Louis Post-Dispatch
(Herbiock Is on Vacation)

WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
Kefauver Soul-Searches
By DREW PEARSON

Suez and International Control

REALIZING that direct intervention in the
Suez will provoke strong anti-Western feel-
ings in the Near East and Asia, Britain and
France, with the United States' support, are
proposing that the disputed area be placed
under international control.
At present, the mutually favored plan is
one proposed by Secretary of State Dulles. It
calls for an internationalized zone around the
Suez in the hands of the United Nations. Mem-
bers of the canal's controlling commission
would be Egypt, Britain, France, the United
States, and Russia.
Undoubtedly, keeping the canal open under
international control is odious to fewer people
than armed intervention by Britain or France.
It remains to be seen if the proposed partici-
pants will join.
There is little doubt that Britain, France,
and the United States, will back any plan that
assures the free transit clause of the Constan-
tinople Convention. To these two nations, the
canal is a matter of life or death. %
The interest of the United States cannot
be minimized. After the other two nations, the
United States is the third largest user of the
canal, and annually ships eight million tons
of oil through the Suez.
PHE issue rests on the willingness of Egypt
and Russia to accept the plan for interna-
tional control. Moreover, the willingness of
one will be very dependent upon the other.
Egypt will be under strong pressure to join
any plan that Russia accepts, and Russia will
be extremely dubious of anything which Egypt
disapproves. Both nations are extremely in-
terested in preserving cooperative relations
with each other.
Thus, the major turning point is the ability
of the interested parties to draw the Egyptian
Government into the deal. Without doubt, this
will not be easy. In the Arab World, anti-

Western feeling is at that point where any
move decreasing Egyptian control of the canal
will be taken as a move back to imperialism.
On the other hand, the British and French
governments are not willing to allow Nasser
absolute control of the Suez. In France, Prime
Minister Mollet has appeared before the French
National Assembly asking the country to be
prepared for "energetic and severe" action.
The British, who normally do more with
a good deal less noise than the French, have
not outwardly said that they intend to force
the adoption of anything. They now send
ships through the canal and are paying pas-
sage with checks drawn on English banks.
Since these banks are not allowed to send
any cash to Egypt, and since the majority of
ships pay their passage in this fashion, it
remains to be seen how long the Egyptians will
allow such free use of the canal.
In preparation for the time when Nasser de-
clares these checks invalid as payment for
passage, the English are sending large ele-
ments of the army and navy to the Mediter-
ranean area, insurance that the free transit
clause of the Constantinople Convention will
not be violated.
A T this point, three courses of action remain
open to the Egyptian government.
First, they can continue to allow passage
of ships with what amounts to no payment;
but since money is the major motive behind
the seizure of the canal, this seems unlikely.
Second, they can agree to international con-
trol. Although this is possible, it would be con-
sidered weakness on the part of the Egyptian
government and a concession to imperialism.
Most likely, Nasser will choose to test the
third course, refusing checks drawn on English
or French banks, thus halting traffic.
Should Nasser choose to call the West's
bluff, the results can only be unfortunate.
-DAVID GELFAND

ESTES KEFAUVER'S decision to
withdraw in favor of Adlai
Stevenson came only after much
soul-searching and a hot all-day
session with his cohorts who came
to Washington from all over the
U. S. A.
For some time, his two top cam-
paign managers, Jiggs Donohue,
former D.C. Commissioner and
Howard McGrath, former Attor-
ney General, were adamant that
he withdraw. He faced a $40,000
campaign deficit from his Cali-
fornia-Florida primaries, plus a
$29,000 expense for maintaining
headquarters in Chicago. But be-
fore he made a decision, Kefaver
asked the leaders who had been
most loyal to meet in a confiden-
tial session in Washington.
The reaction was mixed. Some
almost wept. Some advised him to
support Stevenson. Some urged
that he make a deal with New
York's Governor Harriman. Some
urged that he fight to the bitter
end.
"I'm for my country first, my
party second, and the candidate
third," said Clara Shirpser, Lady
leader of Kefauver forces in Sap.
Francisco. She proposed that Ke-
fauver withdraw.
"So am I," said Joe De Silva,
sparkplug of the retail clerks in
Southern California, "and Adlai
Stevenson is not good for the
country."
"We have a great man, a great
leader," said Gerald Flynn of Ra-
cine Wis. "It's an honor to go
down fighting for him. When Ke-
fauver went down fighting under
the TV cameras in Chicago in 1952
that was when the Democratic
Party lost an election."
* * *
JOE ALPERSON, the Los Angel-
es stainless steel anufacturer, how-
ever, moved that Kefauver with-
draw. Maryland leaders urged the
same thing. So did Kefauver's
friends in Virginia, as well as Tom
Carroll, his California chairman.

One of the most eloquent pleas
for Kefauver to stay in the race
came from Col. William A. Rob-
erts, Washington attorney who
had the tough job of raising mon-
ey for the Tennessee Senator's de-
ficit.
Another came from De Silva of
the retail clerks union who large-
ly carried the ball for Kefauver
in Southern California.
"I'm going to talk just as if I
was the candidate," he told Ke-
fauver advisors in the closed-door
session. "Now let's see what I've
got to gain or lose.
"First the organization of the
convention will be against me.
They'll probably put my delegates
off in a corner or behind a pole.
"Second, the ushers and door-
keepers will push my delegates
around. You know how the Arvey
boys told us where to go and when
to come last time at Chicago.
"Third, Sam Rayburn will be
working against me on the stage.
He'll never recognize me," contin-
ued De Silva, still talking as if he
were the candidate.
"Fourth, Senator Lyndon John-
son will be working against me
backstage, while Rayburn works
against me on the stage.
"Finally, the Harriman boom
has slowed down to a bust.
"HOWEVER," continued De Sil-
uva, now speaking for himself, not
as if he were a candidate, "I still
think Harriman and Kefauver
ought to come out for a declara-
tion of principle oncivil rights.
Let's call a spade a spade. Let the
Negro people face the civil rights
issue. We know the professional
Negro politicians don't want civil
rights passed. They won't have an
issue after that. So let 'em stand
up and be counted-for or against
a real declaration of principle.
Let's separate the men from the
boys. Let Adlai stand up and de-
clare himself, too. Is he for or
against real enforcement of civil
rights? He hasn't stood up so far.

"A man is never defeated when
he goes down fighting," concluded
the fiery labor leader from Los
Angeles, " and I came here to
fight, not to bury Kefauver."
Despite this plea, a heavy ma-
jority of Kefauver advisors at the
closed door session urged that he
withdraw in favor of Stevenson
for the sake of Democratic Har-
mony. He concurred in their ad-
vice.
Note -When Kefauver was
urged to make a deal with Averell
Harriman, he told his advisors:
"I've got a lot of respect for a man
who gets into the primaries and
fights it out as Adlai did. I could-
n't gang up to throw the nomina-
tion to someone who didn't get
into the primaries and make the
race according to American Tradi-
tion."
F OR APPROXIMATELY 12
months, the State Department has
been almost consistently wrong
about Egypt's dictator, Colonel
Nasser. This was largely because
U.S. Ambassador Henry Byroade
was sold on Nasser, said that he
could be trusted as a real friend
of the U.S.A.
It was also because Herbert
Hoover Jr., former vice-president
of the Union Oil Company of Cal-
ifornia, now Undersecretary of
State, was vigorously pro-Arab,
wanteddto protect U. S. oil rights
in Saudi Arabia regardless of ap-
peasement and regardless of Am-
erican interest in Israel.
However, there were differences
of opinion inside the State De-
partment. George Allen, Assistant
Secretary of State for the Near
East and one of the ablest career
diplomats didn't trust Nasser, ar-
gued against Ambassador Byro-
ade's judgment.
Allen argued so consistently
against Nasser that he ended up
in the Dulles dog-house.
(Copyright 1956, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

Warner Brothers would have them.1
for the public to realize how hay-
wire the average physics lab is.
All the installations in "Satellite"
look like Frank Lloyd Wright de-
signed the buildings, Saarinen
poured the concrete, and Dali
painted the dials.
The satellite is actually not
purely an impractical scientific
marvel, as one might think. Ac-
tually, there's a big bomb inside,
called the "T" Bomb. It is going
to make the H bomb look like
mighty thin spaghetti sauce.
The crew for the satellite is a
strange assortment. The Captain
is a big energetic fellow, full of
philosophic observations and good
common sense. His first assistant
is having trouble with his wife, a
pretty but selfish creature with
thin legs and a big bosom.
Another crew member just got
pinned to a fashion show girl and
wishes he was back on the ground,
don't you imagine? Then there's
a morose character who has a deep
soul somewhere; and let's not for-
get the Professor. He is a travesty
of all academic prototypes: a pom-
pous, hysterical, inwardly disturbed
character who is going to trigger
that "T" Bomb and blow out
about six cubic miles of space,
So the satellite Is really going
to be used to set off a bomb which
is so big it will "end war." Ha!
A dispatch from the satellite just
came in and they have found a
female stowaway. A reporter who
has anti-scientific views, but a
good figure. She'll get along. But
Security will be very unhappy.
Galloping Geigers! It seems the
bomb has got somehow attached
to the satellite and won't let go.
It should have been left way be-
hind to go off by itself. Now, it
looks like it's going to blow up the
rocket with it, and all these poor
people. Warners can't let them all
die, can they? They all have such
fine British accents.
* * *
CO-FEATURED with the Satel-
lite is a film containing Lon
Chaney, an old monster who
should have been put out to pas-
ture long ago; he must have earn-
ed honorable dismissal by now.
"Indestructible Man" presents a
problem to the reviewer.
This picture is bad. So bad that
it transcends the class of just
"bad" pictures and creates a new
and horrible category. Now bring
on the Indestructible audience.
-David Kessel
LETTERS
to the
EDITOR
Letters to the Editor must be signed
and limited to 300 words. The Daily
reserves the right to edit or with-
hold any letter.
Male Ego . .
To the Editor:
THEeditorial "Women on the
Union Steps; Another Bit of
Progress" by Miss Donna Hanson
received little space as well it
should have. Equality will never
come to this campus and of that
we women should be happy.
Miss Hanson obviously does not
realize the importance of the male
ego! The few extra steps we have
to take to the side door will make
our escort feel like a hero, a con-
queror, and most of all a man
If that is the only way in which
the University male population
can become men, then I say-side
door, here I come.

--Mrs. R. Rae WattsI

But It wmlid Drobably be dangerous
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN from the Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication.
FRIDAY, AUGUST 3, 1956
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 285
General Notices
Invitations to the Masters Breakfast,
Sun., Aug. 5 at 9:00 a.m. in the ball-
room of the Michigan Union, honoring
those students who are candidates for
the Master's Degree at the close of the
current Summer Session are in the
MAIL
mall,
If you have not received your invi-
tation by Wednesday and are a candi-
date for the Master's Degree, you may
call for your ticket at the Office of
the Summer Session Roomt3510 Admin-
istration Building, before 4:00 p.m.,
Fri., Aug. 3.
The University Printing Office, for-
merly at 311 Maynard Street, has moved
to its new quarters in the Printing
Building on North Campus. To reach
the Printing Office on North Campus
by telephone, dial 86 from campus
phones (or NO 2-3111 from outside
lines) and ask for extension 96.
A Central Campus Office of the
Printing Office will be maintained ta
Room 102, University Press Building,
412 Maynard Street. A representative
of the Printing Office will be on hand
to receive material and verbal Instruc-
tions when this type of contact Is de-
sirable.
Additional Ushers are needed for the
Department of Speech production of
"The Lady's Not For Burning" to be
presented in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre tonight. Telephone the box of-
fice, NO, 8-6300.
Dr. Ralph Rabinovitch will be psy-
chiatric consultant at the Fresh Air
Camp Clinic on Fri., Aug. 3.
Nelson International House, 915 Oak-
land, is interested In securing a mature
student couple to serve as houseparents.
A child welcomed. Call NO. 3-3220 for
further Information.
Recreational Swimming - Women's
Pool. New hours starting August 6-12.
Women Students, Monday-Friday,
4:00-6:00 p.m. Monday, Tuesday, Thurs-
day, 7:15-9:15 p.m. Saturday, 2:30-4:30
p.m.
Co-rec Swimming: Wednesday and
Saturday, 7:15-9:15 p.m. Sunday, 3:00-
5:00 p.m.
Faculty Night: Friday, 6:30-8:00 p.m.
Michigan Night: Sunday, 7:15-9:1
p.m.
August 13, 14, 15, Women Students:
Monday-Wednesday, 4:00-6:00 p. m.
Pool closed August 16-Spetember 20.
Lectures
Music for Living Lecture, "Where
Should We Be Going in Elementary
School Music? by Hazel B. Morgan,
Northwestern University, 7:00 p.m.,
Mon., Aug. 6, in Aud. A, Angell Hall.
Open to the public.
Play
TheLady's Not For Burning, Christo-
pher Fry's comedy in verse, will be
presented by the Department of Speech
at 8:00 p.m. tonight in the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre.
Concerts
Faculty Concert, All-Bach program,
at 8:30 p.m. Fri., Aug. 3, in the Rack-
ham Lecture Hall, featuring Alice Eh-
lers, harpsichordist, of the faculty of
University of Southern California, and
Louise Rood, violist, of Smith College,
and conducted by Josef Blatt, Profes-
sor of Music and Director of Oper
Production. BrandenburgeConcertos No.
3 in G major, No. 6 in B-flat and No.
5 in D major, and Concerto for Two
violins in D minor. Others on the pro-
gram are Stanley Quartet members Gil-
bert Ross, Emil Raab, Robert Court,
and Oliver Edel; Clyde Thompson
double bass, John Flower, harpsichord
(continuo); students' Jane Stoltz,
Michael Avsharian, Joel Berman, Carl
Williams, violins, George Papch viola,
Mary Oyer and Camilla Doppman'n, cel-
los. Open to the general public with-

out charge.
Student Recital by Fred Marzan tuba,
8:30 p.m. Sun., Aug. 5, in Aud. A, An.
gell Hall, in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the degree of Master
of Music. Marzan is a pupil of Glenn
Smith, and his recital will be open to
the public.
Student Recital: Elizabeth Jo Beebe,
string instrument, major in the School
of Music, at 4:15 p.m. Sun. Aug. 5, in
Aud. A, Angell Hall, in partial fulfill.
ment of the requirements for the de-
gree of Bachelor of Music. She studies
violin with Emil Raab, cello with Oli-
ver Edel, and viola with Robert Courte,
Open to the general public.
Student Recital by Carol Jaeger, vio-
linist and cellist 8:30 p.m. Mon., Aug.
6, in Aud. A, Angell Hall, in partial ful-
fillment of the requirements for the
degree of Bachelor of Music. Miss Jaeg-
er studies violin with Gilbert Ross and
cello with Oliver Edel, and her recital
will be open to the public.
Academic Notices
August Teacher's Certificate Candi-
dates: The teacher's oath will be ad-

14

0

4

+

5

4

INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Nasser Faces No Idle Threat

DIFFERENT SITUATION:
No Nationalization Threat to Panama Canal

4

By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
FI RANCO-BRMSH military measures in the
Suez dispute are obviously designed as back-
ground for political approaches rather than
direct preparation for shooting.
Egypt's Dictatoi-President Nasser would be
fatally wrong, however, to assume that he can
block the political and economic proposals with-
out incurring the eventual use of force.
The situation has developed now to the
point where neither the French nor British
governments could expect to remain in office
unltss they are ready, in case of the failure
of plans for internationalizing the operation of
the canal, to re-occupy the zone.
Secretary Dulles seems to have had some
success in his role as friend of the court, how-
ever, in that Nasser, now completely despised
by the British and French, will not be slugged

to his knees, but will be given a face-saving
role as a partner.
IT SEEMS likely that Egypt's sovereignty over
the canal zone will be admitted, and her
ownership rewarded by larger royalties, if
she does not try to block formation of the
control board.
A vital question is whether Russia will come
to the proposed conference of interested coun-
tries for setting up the control authority, and
whether she will work for a settlement.
Her normal line would be to attend, back
Nasser at every point, and talk loudly about
peaceful settlements while doing everything
possible to prevent them.
She has already taken a public stand on
Nasser's side. But the conference would give
her a fine opportunity to promote her smile
offensive in a crisis where it would benefit

By The Associated Press
COULD the Panama Canal--
the world's second largest
man-made waterway-be nation-
alized as the Egyptians have done
with the Suez Canal?
"Absolutely not," Panamanian
Ambassador J. J. Vallarino said
today.
"The situations are entirely dif-
ferent," said W. M. Whitman, sec-
retary of the Panama Canal Co.,
a U.S. government corporation
which operates the canal.
The U.S. agreement with Pan-
ama, under which the canal is
operated, "does not entirely fulfill
the wishes and aspirations of the

country, be turned over to inter-
national control.
The conditions aren't quite the
same, Pres. Eisenhower said, noting
that internationalization of the
Suez Canal had been agreed to
in an international convention in
1888. While that concession runs
out in 1968, he added, the Suez
Canal will always be an inter-
national waterway.
9* * *
THE PANAMA Canal, a 40-mile'
route linking the Atlantic and
Pacific oceans, was opened to
traffic in 1914. It saves 7,873 nau-
tical miles on a voyage from New
York to San Francisco.

Co., Whitman said, the point was
that the canal actually was within
the boundaries of Egypt. Panama
has granted the Panama Canal
Zone territory to the United States,
he added.
The latest U.S.-Panama treaty,
which took some two years to
negotiate, met sharp opposition
when it came before the Senate
in 1955 although the vote on ratifi-
cation itself was overwhelmingly
in favor.
Sen. Magnuson (D-Wash.) called
it a "bad treaty" and predicted the
next step would be a demand by
Panama "to take over the zone
and the canal itself."

$37,450,000 in the 1956 fiscal year.
Its traffic of 8,475 transits is about
half of the Suez traffic, which car-
ries much of the Middle East oil,
Whitman said.
The Panama Canal is operated
and regulated financially by the
Panama Canal Co., a government
corporation managed by a 13-mem-
ber board of directors appointed by
the Secretary of the Army, acting
as personal representative of the
President.
It is not part of the Army, Whit-
man said. The Canal Zone itself,
however, is governed by an officer
of the U.S. Army Corps of Engi-
neers. Maj. Gen. William E. Pot-

"}

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