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VOL. LXVH, No. 28S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, AUGUST 3, 1956
Would Be Named
Against His Wish
WASHINGTON (A) - Harold
Stassen pushed his campaign last
night to "draft" Christian Herter
after the Massachusetts governor
said he won't consent to have his
name placed in nomination for
vice president at the GOP National
Soon after Stassen opened an
in Washington yesterday, Herter
4 announced that if his name was
placed before the San Francisco
convention later this month it
would have to be without his con-
Herter told a Boston news con-
ference it should be obvious he
would not agree to becoming a
convention floor rival of Vice-
President Richard M. Nixon when
he himself has promised Republi-
can National Chairman Leonard
Hall that he will nominate Nixon.
Imperturbably, Stassen com-
"Gov. Herter's statement is a
correct expression of his position.
"I agree with it.
"He is not a candidate and must
be drafted, as I have emphasized
from the beginning of the Eisen-
In Boston, Herter conceded that
his name could be placed in nomi-
nation without his consent. He
said he would have no right to bar
a delegate from doing that.
Beginning yesterday, Stassen is
on a four-weeks leave of absence
from his job as Pres. Eisenhower's
disarmament aide. He requested
the leave so his activities would
not be identified with the White
House or his position there.
Herter has remained aloof from
the Stassen campaign. Additional-
ly, he is committed to renominat-
ing Nixon at the GOP convention
opening in San Francisco Aug. 20.
Herter accepted the job the day
after Stassen started the Herter
KUNLONG FERRY, Northern
Burma ()-Burmese troops and
Red Chinese invaders of Burma's
border area have engaged in sev-
eral clashes, including one six-
hour battle, a Burmese army
commander reported yesterday.
The officer, Col. Chit Myaing,
said one Chinese Red officer and
nine soldiers were killed and
three Burmese wounded in the six-
Burmese authorities disclosed
Tuesday that a Chinese force, be-
lieved to be about 500 men, had
penetrated the border area for un-
The territory is in dispute be-
tween Burma and Communist
China. The clashes took place in
an area about 120 miles east of
Lashio, terminal point of the Bur-
ma Road to China.
On the Chinese side of the bor-
der, in Yunnan, Burmese intelli-
gence reports said yesterday, Red
Chinese troops are feverishly
building roads and approaches
Reports said the Reds have dug
in on Burmese soil.
Col. Myaing said he has now
ordered his officers to try and
avoid any further action. He said
he is awaiting reiforcements be-
cause his three battalions in the
area are not enough to man pa-
trols and guard the boundary.
Political circles in Burma say
the government is trying to force
China to settle the border ques-
tion as soon as possible. (For this
reason Red infiltration, hitherto
a closely guarded secret, is now
TALLAHASSEE, Fla. (WP) - Tal-
lahasse huesresumei onperatinn
Listed #or Ann Arbor
Property, State Taxes Provide Major Share
Of Revenue; Public Works Biggest Spender
By LEE MARKS
Daily Managing Editor
Editor's Note: This is the second in a series of four articles dealing with Ann
Arbor's financial situation. Today's article discusses sources and expenditures.
Ann Arbor's estimated budget for the coming fiscal year anti-
cipates expenditures of $2,770,011.
The Lion's share of this will be provided by property taxes and
the city's share of state-collected taxes. The balance will be made
up by University contributions, fines and fees, and utilities payments.
Levied at the maximum possible rate of seven and a half mills,
the real and personal property tax is expected to yield $867,061 for
current operations. A city charter limitation prevents higher rates.
50 Per Cent of Total
Additional property taxes for debt service, special purposes and
pensions will bring revenue from the property tax to $1,478,054, bet-
DULUTH, Minn. (A) - Albert
Woolson, 109, the last of some
2,675,000 boys in blue of the Civil
War's Union Army, died in a
Woolson, who answered Presi-
dent Lincoln's call to arms and
marched off to war as a drummer
boy when he was 17, had been
hospitalized for nine weeks with a
recurring lung congestion condi-
He lapsed into a coma early
Saturday and did not regain con-
sciousness. Since then, he had
been fed intravenously and was
Members of his family were at
his bedside when he died in St.
Doctors said the lung congestion
which had hospitalized him sev-
eral times in recent years was
brought on chiefly by advanced
Full military funeral services
will be conducted at the Duluth
National Guard Armory Monday
at 2 p.m. Burial will be in the
family lot at Park Hill Cemetery.
Only three veterans of the Civil
War, all members of the Confed-
erate forces, survive. They are W.
W. Williams, 113, Franklin, Tex.;
John Salling, 110, Slant, Va.; and
William A. Lundy, 108, Laurel
Hill, Fla. Informed of Woolson's
death, Lundy said, "I regret very
much the passing of Mr. Wool-
Members of Salling's family
said they hadn't told him of Wool-
son's death, because he had been
"greatly disturbed" by Woolson's
Woolson's last comrade of the
Union Army, James A. Hard,
Rochester, N. Y., died in 1953 at
The Grand Army of the Repub-
lic officially died with Woolson,
who was its senior vice comman-
der in chief. It was decided at
the last encampment of the Union
veterans in 1949 that the GAR
would continue to exist technical-
ly until the death of the last mem-
ber. At its peak in 1890, the GAR
had 408,489 members.
Woolson was a volunteer pri-
vate in Company C. of the 1st
Minnesota Heavy Artillery Regi-
ment. Later he was detailed to the
regular drum corps.
He worked in a furniture fac-
tory, in a traveling minstrel band,
in mills and logging camps after
He retired from active work 24
years ago "to take life easy."
ter than 50 per cent of the
Second largest contributor to
the kitty is the State. The city's
share of state-collected taxes on
sales, weight and gasoline will
come to $881,094 or slightly more
than 30 per cent.
Fines and fees add $168,120 and
University contributions to the
city will come to $156,686. Utilities
will contribute $62,000 in lieu of
taxes and the balance will come
from miscellaneous sources.
Where does the money go?
One-Seventh For Police
Largest chunk, $572,669, will be
spent for public works which in-
cludes garbage collection, street
cleaning, engineering, sewer main-
tenance and city dump. Approxi-
mately one-seventh, or $391,817,
will be spent for police protection
and municipal court.
Slightly less than 13 yer cent,
$354,649, will go towards fire pro-
Public improvements will get an
insufficient $400,312 while city
administration will cost $310,620,
The city will try to keep the
parks green on $139,101, about
five per cent of the total budget.
Debt, street lighting, city share
of sewer construction and miscel-
laneous eat up the balance.
(Tomorrow's article will deal with lim-
itations on income.)
ATLANTA (A')-Democratic party
leaders from 11 Southern states
declared yesterday that the South
is "united as never before" and
called on the national party con-
vention to "write a platform ac-
ceptable to the South and to the
The party leaders met here Wed-
nesday to build a more solid civil
rights stand for the South to pre-
sent to the Democratic National
Convention in Chicago two weeks
The meeting continued into the
early hours yesterday before a
declaration satisfactory to all was
This statement generally fol-
lowed the mild stand taken by
party chairmen from seven South-
ern states who met here last
Any talk of bolting the party
was dispelled in the opening dec-.
laration that the meeting was "in
a spirit of loyalty to the Demo-
The leaders expressed grave
concern "over the invasion of the
sovereign rights of the states and
the departures from the constitu-
tional guarantees upon which our
country was founded and became
Believes Night March
Good Military Tactics
PARRIS ISLAND, S.C. (A)-The
U.S. Marines' top combat general
said yesterday he thinks the Corps
regrets ever court-martialling S.
Sgt. Matthew C. McKeon for the
death of six recruits.
With this outspoken testimony
from retired Lt. Gen. Lewis B.
(Chesty) Puller, counsel Emile
Zola Berman rested his defense
of the 31-year-old drill instructor
who on April 8 led recruit Platoon
71 on a death march into Ribbon
The case is expected to close
today-18 days after it opened.
Puller, blue eyes flashing, square
jaw jutting, testified at McKeon's
trial on charges of manstaughter,
oppression of recruits and drinking
"I say this night march was and
is a deplorable accident. I think,
from reading about the testimony
of Gen. Randolph McC. Pate yes-
terday, that he agrees and regrets
this man ever was ordered tried
by general' court-martial."
Pate, commandant of the Corp,
testified he thought McKeon
should have been demoted one
stripe for drinking, and trans-
ferred. Later, replying to a hypo-
thetical question put by the prose-
cution concerning the t r a g i c
march, he said it might be nec-
essary to award a court-martial
as to the degree of guilt in such a
As the significance of Puller's
remarks sank in, a gasp rolled
across the packed courtroom. Mc-
Keon did not change expression.
Puller, known in every Marine
mess around the world as a man
who says what he thinks, testified
he believed McKeon's night march
was good military tactics and not
oppression of recruits.
And he stunned a predominant-
ly military audience by declaring
he would train his troops the way
he thought they should be trained,
regardless of any directives from
"Success in battle, that is the
only objective of Marine training,"
Before Puller testified a young
drill sergeant here on Parris Is-
land laid his Marine career on the
line in defense of McKeon.
Tall, slim Sgt. Leland Bland-
ing, 22, of Binghamtno, N.Y.,
risked disciplinary action by re-
vealing he led five recruit platoons
on marches similar to McKeon's
march, but without loss of life.
Marine sources said any punish-
ment of Blanding was up to his
battalion superiors. They added
that, in their opinion, Blanding
would not continue as a recruit
Blanding said he understood that
he risked punishment. But he
added he volunteered as a witness
for the defense, and did so willing-
This morning will be devoted
to summations of the case by both
sides. After that there will be the
judge's charge to the court, the
seven-man board that functions as
First the jury reaches a verdict.
If McKeon is found guilty, the
jury retires a second time to fix
sentence. The maximum under all
counts is a dishonorable discharge
and a sentence of not more than
six years in prison.
On Steel Agreement
NEW YORK ()-A steel union
spokesman said yesterday night
he thinks the companies are
"shooting for" the recall of first
striking workers next Monday.
These first workers, the spokes-
man said, would set the stage for
full-scale resumption of steel pro-
The comment came as officials
of the United Steelworkers Union
and steel companies worked late
to iron out remaining wrinkles in
agreements would end a 33-day
Earlier, the union spokesman
dashed hopes that the contracts
might be signed last night. He
said it would be today at the ear-
liest, and possibly tomorrow.
He added that there are many
non-economic details of the agree-
ments with 39 companies to be
A basic settlement of economci
issues in the steel strike was
reached last Friday. The steel-
workers have been on strike for
more than a month.
Union sources pointed out that
the delay in reaching full agree-
ment could be attributed to the
fact that the new contract was a
"three-year deal," something new
for the industry and the union.
Under the economic settlement
announced last Friday the steel
workers will receive an hourly
wage package increase variously
estimated at from 45 to 55 cents
an hour during a three-year, no-
strike c o n t r a c t. Steelworkers
earned an average of $2.46 an
hour under the old contract.
Immediately affected by the
Crucible signing were 13,000 work-
ers in four main plants: Midland
and Pittsburgh, Pa.; Harrison,
N.J., and Syracuse, N.Y.!
It was not immediately apparent
if other companies would sign last
Earlier a Steelworker Union
spokesman had said the compa-
nies wanted to stage a signing
ceremony and that there would be
no signing until today, or pos-
sibly even tomorrow.
He said there simply wasn't
enough time to wrap up the con-
tracts last night, as had been
the hope earlier.
WASHINGTON (P)-Adlai Ste-
venson made further gains in del-
venson made further gains in dele-
gate votes over Gov. Averell
for the Democratic presidential
nomination, mainly due to re-
checks in Illinois and Indiana.
With 686/ needed for the nomi-
nation, the Associated Press tabu-
lation of votes pledged and first
ballot preferences expressed in
Stevenson picked up 10% more
in his home state of Illinois for a
total of 30 votes, and another 12
in Indiana as a result of the with-
wrawal from the race of Sen. Estes
Kefauver who had 26 pledged
votes in the Hoosier State.
Harriman picked up 3 of Kefau-
ver's votes in Indiana and 1 in
Iowa since Wednesday's tabula-
Big Three Invite Egypt,
USSR To International
(Suez Control Meeting
PROF. JOHN HOPE FRANKLIN-"The successful fight in the
American Revolution for political freedom, the incipient move-
ment to free the slaves, and the growing interest in the general
welfare were viewed by articulate Negroes as having significant
and favorable implications for their own future."
Look to Goals of Negro,
History Professor Says
By ADELAIDE WILEY
To understand the central theme of Negro history, look to goals
of Negroes themselves and their strivings to reach them, Prof. John
Hope Franklin stressed yesterday in his lecture, "The Central Theme
in Negro History."
Prof. Franklin, twelfth lecturer in University series, "Patterns
of American Culture: Contributions of the Negro," is chairman of
Brooklyn College's history department.
"When Negroes saw how whites apprised freedom, they knew it
was as worthy for them as for - ~~~
Move To War Footing;
Of Two Weeks Seen
LONDON (A)-The Western Big
Three last night invited the Soviet
Union and Egypt to participate in
a. 24-nation conference aimed at
setting up international control of
the Suez Canal.
This was announced as Britain
and France, advising their nation-
als to leave Egypt, moved toward
a war footing in the Mediterrane-
But a good authority said the
United States had received assur-
ances that military strength will
not be used pending the Aug. 16
conference in London -unless
there are "provocative acts."
Thus a cooling-off period of two
weeks appeared to be developing.
But Cairo dispatches cast doubt
on whether President Gamal Abdel
Nasser, who seized the Suez last
Thursday under a nationalization
decree, would agree to any sort
of international action undoing
his Suez-for-Egypt plans.
Secretary of State John Foster
Dulles, who met in London with
British and French leaders to
draft the conference plans, seemed
somewhat relaxed as he left for
Washington. He called results of
the meetings "very satisfactory."
Dulles had been meeting with
the British and French foreign
ministers - Selwyn Lloyd and
Christian Pineau. He also had the
opportunity to talk with Prime
Minister Anthonk Eden, busy hust-
ling an undisclosed number of re-
serves to the colors und ordering
air, army and naval units to with-
in striking distance of Cairo.
A communique issued by the for-
eign s e c r e t a r i e s acknowledged
Egypt's right to nationalize assets
subject to its own political control.
But it condemned "the arbitrary
and unilateral" seizure of the
waterway, saying the act "involves
for more than nationalization."
The foreign secretaries said:
"They consider that the action
taken by the government of Egypt,
having regard to all the attendant
circumstances, threatens the free-
dom and security of the canal as
guaranteed by the Convention of
"This makes it necessary that
steps be taken to assure that the
parties to that convention and all
other nations entitled to enjoy its
benefits shall in fact be assured
of such benefits."
Britain issued the formal invita-
tions to the conference. They go
both to the signers of the 1888
Constantinople Convention and a
second group of nations "largely
concerned with the use of the
canal, either through ownership
of tonnage or pattern of trade"
The first group includes Egypt,
France, Italy, the Netherlands,
Spain, Turkey, Britain and Rus-
.S. for Aid
To Run Canal
WASHINGTON (M)-An Egypt-
ian diplomat made overtures for
United States technical aid in
operating the newly nationalized
whites," he continued.
In the Revolutionary War, Prof.
Franklin observed, George Wash-
ington vetoed Negro freedom, and
Negroes went to the British side.
But he soon reversed the veto,
and Negroes came to the American
army to fight for freedom and
Ardor for Union
"And in the Civil War, Negroes
had undimmed ardor for the Un-
ion. Though they were segregated
in the army, they served in di-
verse ways-even slaves in the
Confederacy worked for freedom."
Throughout history, Prof. Frank-
lin said, Negroes have not claimed
more for themselves than for
others, which is shown by con-
sistency in their "theme," with its
maganimity and firmness.
Negroes have shown a willing-
nessto work for equality, to under-
stand the problem before them, he
asserted. The NAACP, for ex-
ample, "was founded by Negroes-
and whites-to battle against dec-
adence in American ideals. White
lawyers and social scientists offer-
ed the NAACP help."
People who claim that Negroes
are trying to "crash" white cul-
ture are ignorant of what culture
means. Prof. Franklin cited the
many things said about inter-
racial marriages in this respect-
"But who wants to crash into
marriage in the first place?"
The central theme in Negro his-
tory has "helped this country
realize that its role as a leader in
world affairs has validity only if
its leadership is based on strength
that comes from practices as well
as preachments," the history pro-
"Yesterday," he said quietly,
"this was our scource of strength.
Tomorrow it may be our salva-
Prof. Franklin has just finished
teaching in Berkeley division of
the University of California. He
taught on "the Jackson period and
Reconstruction. These two fasci-
nate me greatly,'
During the fall of 1953, he was
on the non-legal research staff
for the NAACP as a professional
historian, writing "several work-
ing papers-on the Fourteenth
Amendment, and the intellectual
climate of the country during the
time this amendment was set up.
The School of Music will pre-
sent a concert today at 8:30 p.m.
in Rackham Lecture Hall.
Alice Ehlers- harpsichord.fronm
Tappan International House for Wo
sJ1 b " ~,
77(. L tU/ FRrJJP the faculty of the University of
Southern California, Louise Rood,
Ann Arbor will have a new international house at the opening viola from the faculty of Smith
of the fall semester, according to Mrs. Violet Wuerfel, house adviser. iollge, and faculty members of
The Tappan International House for Graduate Women, 724 the School of Music including
Tappan Street, will house 14 women, both American and foreign. The Josef Blatt, conductor, the Stan-
new house will operate under the jurisdiction of the Council for ley Quartet, Nelson Hauenstein,
International Living and has been approved by the Dean of Women. flute, John Flower, harpsichord,
Mrs. Wuerfel pointed out that the purpose of establishing living Clyde Thompson, double-bass, and
arrangements of this sort is to provide selected women with an experi- a group of graduate students will
ence in intercultural living. Tappan House will be composed of double participate.
The program will include four
and triple rooms, with at least one American woman in each. works by J. S. Bach; the Branden-
"To accomplish our purpose," Mrs. Wuerfel explained, "we want burg Concerto No. 3 in G Major,,
to select women from as many different countries and as many the Concerto for two violins in D
different religions as possible. While this will present more problems, minor (soloists, Gilbert Ross and
the very nature of this experiment is to learn how to get around the Emil Raab), the Brandenburg Con-
difficulties which arise when people of unalike cultures come together." certo No. 6 in B flat, and the
Among the techniques to be used to insure harmonious living Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 in D
Suez Canal, it was learned yes-
An embassy spokesman acknowl-
edged that Hassan el Abd, com-
mercial secretary of the embassy,
had asked the U.S. government
whether it would provide the aid.
But the spokesman insisted the
conversation in no way represent-
ed an official Egyptian request.
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