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July 20, 1955 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1955-07-20

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WMNESDAY. ' Y _ tOC- 1,099: .- i


TV - N a, C--- -- - i oreV,.1ww w

iy r :,

Sixty-Fifth Year
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only. This must be noted in all reprints.

"The Old System Works All Right For Us-Eh, Boy?"





.. ./
." 1y

Michgan's FEPC Law

T HE STATE OF MICHIGAN is, at long last,
getting a Fair Employment Practices Com-
mission. The bill creating the Commission was.
passed by the State Legislature last May,
signed by Gov. Williams June 29, and formally
goes into effect Oct. 14.
The Act specifically prohibits both business
organizations and labor unions, in their hiring
or organizing, from discriminating against in-
dividuals because of race, color, religion, na-
tional origin and ancestry.
The opportunity to obtain employment with-
out discrimination is recognized as a civil
right, and the Cramton Act applies to all pri-
vate employers who hire eight or more persons.
Ermployers are forbidden to request from a
job applicant any information pertaining to
his race, creed, religion or ancestry.
The law sets up a Commission of three Re-
publicans and three Democrats to act as a
watchdog over discriminatory practices, with
the power to investigate grievances and hold.
hearings. Though it cannot initiate investiga-
tions, the Commission is authorized to re-
ceive, investigate and pass upon charges of
unfair employment practices made by indi-
If the grievance is valid, redress may be
sought through conciliation with the employer.
Or, the Commission might hold a public hear-
ing, subsequently directing a "cease-and-de-
sist" order.-
The law, however, rests ultimate enforcement
powers in the state courts, which will inev-
itably try cases when an employer defies the
The FEPC law was pushed through the State
Legislature by a coalition of Republicans and
Democrats, and much of the credit for its en-
actment should go to George Sallade, Republi-
can representative from Ann Arbor.
A neat compromise between those who in-
sisted on conciliation alone and those who de-
manded stringent punitive measures, the Cram-


ton Act has only one apparent weakness. It
does not empower the Commission to initiate
its own hearings and investigations.
It is encouraging to find, occasionally, such
constructive unity of action in a State Legis-
lature that is so often rent by narrow partisan-
ON THIS PAGE, in the letters to the editor
column, appears a letter from one of our
more loyal readers. Reader Livant apparently
believes that American justice misfired in the
cases of Alger Hiss, the Rosenbergs, and the
Daily Worker editors. He also offers, if The
Daily editors will allow it, to present the cam-
pus with the real "facts" of these cases.
This, unfortunately, would go against Daily
policy, which explicitly forbids the writing of
editorials by ether than staff members. If,
however, we had more faith in Mr. Livant's
ability to present the "facts," then there might
be cause for leniency.
Not long ago, Reader Livant came into the
office with an article defending a certain Ced-
ric Belfrage, editor of the left-wing "National
Guardian" who is currently involved in depor-
tation proceedings in New York.
Asked who his sources of information were,
he included the "National Guardian" as his
chief source.
"Assuming," we asked, "that the Govern-
ment initiated deportation proceedings against
William Randolph Hearst, Jr., could a respon-
sible writer conceivably rely on the accounts of
such proceedings in the "New York Journal-
American" and "The Detroit Times?"
"Of course not," said Mr. Livant. And yet
Mr. Livant was quite happy with the accounts
of the Belfrage proceedings in the "National
Mr. Livant stumbled into the pitfall that
swallows up all those who fail to check the
reliability of their sources. They read and dis-
seminate not facts, but opinions. And they
all tend, as Wilde put it, to have the courage.
of other people's convictions.

M v
0 t
. .off ,ate

The 'Facts'?, *
To the Editor:
EDITOR SAMRA in his column
often talks of "subversive ac-
tivities." He doesn't tell us what
they are. But we now have from
him in his last column a few ex-
amples of subversives:- ". . . the
Rosenbergs, the Hisses, the con-
victed Daily Worker'*editors."
I, and increasing numbers of
people, believe the Rosenbergs
innocent. I believe that anyone
fairly considering the evidence,
could not convict them or Morton


Sobell, who was tried with them
and who is now in prison.
I offer to present in two edi-
torial-length articles the basic da-
ta of the Rosenberg-Sobell case
with references. Let the Daily
readers analyze and judge for
These cases have more than an-
tiquarian interests. If Morton So-
bell wins his freedom in a pending
appeal, if the Rosenbergs are vin-
dicated, our security policies and
our atomic policies are due for a
vast change. To appreciate why
this is so is to study the cases.
Will Editor Samra let his read-
ers have the facts.
-Bill IAvant

' f




- ,~'-
The Ideals of The Fourth estate


- mom . ..

gan. E. P. Dutton. 128 pp. $2.75.
HERE IS a neat little novelette, a precocious
work from the pen of an eighteen-year-
old French girl, Francoise Quoirez, who last
June flunked out of the Sorbonne. Making a
creditable recovery from this academic setback,
Mlle Quiorez dreamed up a pen name and wrote
her first novel in August.;
There is a happy mixture of both chance and
talent responsible for its turning out so well.
Caring to say nothing about life specifically,
the young writer has imagined a miniature
world of her own, peopled it with characters
she could handle, tossed in an amazing know-
ledge of basic Gallic psychology and come up
with-Bonjour Tristesse.
Chiefly for its merits of economy and clar-
ity of expression, the book has been highly
commended by most readers. In fact, in our
day of an over-written and over-extended nov-
el, book critics have responded with such en-
thusiasm toward Mlle Quoirez's petit roman
that some usually sober judgements have be-
come clouded. An example is the British critic
who, in a review of the English edition, felt
moved to comment that "Mlle Sagan tells her
story exquisitely, in a melodic, fast moving
prose that is ideally suited to her material"-
all of which seems remarkable to one who
wonders what extra-sensory faculty that critic
possessed to permit the cadence of the auth-
or's original French prose to be perceived in
the English language translation.
The book is good, but not good enough to
lose one's head over. And I suspect it must be
even somewhat better in the French. This,

however, is not to say that the translation, is a
careless one. Nonetheless, here and there the
reader does encounter a peculiarly puzzling
expression or an obscure phrase; and I can-
not help but feel that it is the French reader
who will get more meaning out of the heroine's
statement that in the evenings she went with
her father to "very mixed parties" than will
the perplexed reader of the translation.
Bonjour Tristesse is being nominated as
"the book most likely to accompany the liter-
ate American on his vacation," and all indica-
tions would seem to point to its success in be-
coming just that: it is a short book, one that
can be taken easily in one reading after lunch
and before the four o'clock dip; it is an in-
expensive book ($2.75) as novels go on the mar-
ket today; its publication date was "right,"
permitting it to be circulated, receive critical
acclaim, and climb to the top of the bestseller
lists by the middle of June; the people in the
book themselves are, appropriately, vacationing
on the Mediterranean; and finally, simply be-
cause everyone is saying it's the ideal vacation
Certainly the book will make a nice summer
companion, but it is not the type of book that
will excite lengthy and spirited comment among,
its readers. Bonjour Tristesse is a simple, un-
adorned, uncomplicated fantasy and that is
all. However, the pervasive ingenuous charm
with which it is written and the insight into
the character of the. author-heroine, a girl
thinking as an adult but acting with adolescent
enthusiasm and joie de vivre, are ample re-
ward in themselves.
--Donald A. Yates

(EDITOR'S NOTE: Thirty-four years
. ago, on May 5, 1921, the "Manchester
Guardian" celebrated its centenary as
a newspaper. C. P. Scott then contrib-
uted to the.centenary number an ar-
ticle that has become something of a
classical exposition on the ideals of
journalism. The Daily reprints the
editorial on the occasion, this year, of
the "Guardian's" centennial as a daily
A HUNDRED years is a long
time; it is a long time even in
the life of a newspaper, and to
look back on it is to take in not
only a vast, development in the
thing itself, but a great slice in
the life of the nation, in the pro-
gress and adjustment of the world.
In the general development the
newspaper, as an institution, has
played its part, and no small part,
and the particular newspaper with
which I personally am concerned
has also played its part, it is to
be hoped, not without some use-
fulness. I have had my share in it
for a little more than fifty years;
I have been its responsible editor
for only a few months short of its
last half-century; I remember viv-
idly its fiftieth birthday; I now
have the happiness to share in the
celebration of its hundredth. I can
therefore speak of it with a cer-
tain intimacy of acquaintance. I
have. myself been part of it and
entered into its inner courts. That
is perhaps a reason why, on this
occasion, I should write in my own
name, as in some sort a spectator,
rather in the name of the paper
as a member of its working staff.
In all living things there must
be a certain unity, a principle of
vitality and growth. It is so with
a newspaper, and the more com-
plete and clear this unity the more
vigorous and fruitful the growth.
I ask myself what the paper stood
for when first I knew it, what it
has stood for since and stands for
now. A newspaper has two sides to
it. It is a business, like any other,
and has to pay in the material
sense in order to live. But it is
much more than a business; it is'
an institution; it reflects and it
influences the life of a whole com-
munity; it may affect even widet
destinies. It is, in its way, an in-
strument of government. It plays
on the minds and consciences of
men. It may educate, stimulate,
assist, or it may do the opposite.
It has, therefore, amoral asdwell
as a material existence, and its
character and influence are in the
main determined by the balance
of these two forces. It may make
profit or power its first object, or
it may conceive itself as fulfilling
a higher and more exacting func-
I think I may honestly say that,
from the day of its foundation,
there has not been much doubt as
to which way the balance tipped
so far as regards the conduct of
the paper whose fine tradition I
inherited and which I have had
the honour to serve through all
my working life. Had it not been
so, personally, I could not have
served it. Character is a subtle af-
fair, and has many shades and

news. At the peril of its soul it
must see that the supply is not
tainted. Neither in what it gives,
nor in what it does not give, nor
in the mode of presentation must
the unclouded face of truth suffer
wrong. Comment is free, but facts
are sacred. "Propaganda," so Call-
ed, by this means is hateful. The
voice of opponents no less than
that of friends has a right to be
heard. Comment also is justly sub-
ject to a self-imposed restraint.
It is well to be frank; it is even
better to be fair. This is an ideal.
Achievement in such matters is
hardly given to man. We can but
try, ask pardon for shortcomings,
and there leave the matter.
But, granted a sufficiency of
grace, to what further conquests
may we look, what purpose serve,
what task envisage? It is a large
question, and cannot be fully ans-
wered. We are faced with a new
and enormous power and a grow-
ing one. Whither is the young gi-
ant tending? What gifts does he
bring? How will he exercise his
privilege and powers? What in-
fluence will he exercise on the
minds of men and on our public
life? It cannot be pretended that
an assured and entirely satisfac-
tory answer can be given to such
questions. Experience is in some
respects disquieting. The develop-
ment has not been all in the direc-
tion which we should most desire.
One of the virtues, perhaps al-
most the chief virtue of a news-
paper is its independence. What-
ever its position or character, at
least it should have a soul of its
own. But the tendency of news-
papers, as of other businesses, in
these days is towards amalgama-
tion. In proportion, as the func-
tion of a newspaper has developed;
and its organization expanded, so
have its costs increased. The small-,
est newspapers have had a. hard,
struggle; many of them have dis-
appeared. In their place we have,
great organizations controlling a
whole series of publications of var-
ious kinds and even of differing or
opposing politics. The process may
be inevitable, but clearly there are
drawbacks. As organization grows
personality may tend to disappear.
It is much to control one news-
paper well; it is perhaps beyond
the reach of any man, or any body
of men, to control half a dozen
with equal success. It is possible to
exaggerate the danger, for the
public is not undiscerning. It re-
cognizes the authentic voices of
conscience and conviction when it
finds them, and it has a shrewd.
intuition of what to accept and
what to discount.
This is a matter which in the
end must settle itself, and those
who cherish the older ideal of a
newspaper need not be dismayed.
They have only to make their pa-
pers good enough in order to win,
as well as to merit, success, and
the resourcesof a newspaperuares
not wholly measured in pounds,
shillings, and pence. Of course the
thing can only be done by com-
petence all round, and by that

the business side of a paper should
dominate, as sometimes happens,
not without distressing consequen-
ces. A news-aper, to be of value,
should be a unity, and every part
of it should equally understand,
and respond to the purposes and
ideals which animate it. Between
its two sides 'there should; be a
happy marriage, and editor and
business manager should march
hand in hand, the first, be it well
understood, just an inch or two
in advance. Of the staff much the
same thing may be said. They
should be a friendly company.
They need not, of course, agree on
every point, but they should share
in the general purpose and inher±-
tance. A paper is built up upon
their common and successive la-
bors, and their work should never
be task work, never merely dic-
tated. They should be like a racing
boat's crew, pulling well together,
each man doing his best because,
he likes it, and with a common
and glorious goal.
That is the path of self-respect;
and pleasure; it is also the path
of success. And what a work it is!
How multiform, how responsive to
every need and every incident of
life! What illimitable possibilities
of achievement and, excellencel
People talk of ""journalese" as
though a journalist were of neces-,
sity a pretentious 'and sloppy writ-
ter; he may be, on the contrary,
and very often is, one of the best
in the world. At'least he should not
be content to be. much less. And
then the developments. Every year,
almost every day, may see growth
and fresh accomplishment, and
with a paper that is really alive,
it not only may, but does. Let any-
one take a file of this paper, or
for that matter any one of half a
dozen other papers, and compare
its whole make-up and leading
features today with what they
were five years ago, ten years ago,
.twenty years ago, and he will re-
alize how large has been the
growth, how considerable the
achievement. And this is what
makes the work of a newspaper
worthy and interesting. It has so
many sides, it touches life at so
many points, at every one there is,
such possibility of improvement
and excellence. To the man, what-
ever his place on the paper, whe-
ther on the editorial or business,
or even what may be regarded as
the mechanical side-this also vit-
ally important in its place-noth-
ing should satisfy short of the best,
and best must always seem a little'
ahead of the actual. It is here
that ability counts and that char-
acter counts, and it is on these.
that a newspaper, like every great
undertaking, if it is to be worthy:
of its power and duty, it must rely.
-Manchester Guardian
New Books
At the Library
Raymond, Allen - Waterfront
Priest. New York, Henry Holt,

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bilty. Publication in it is construc-
tive notice to all members of the Uni-
versity. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication (be-
for 10 a.m. on Saturday.) Notice of
lectures, concerts and organization
meetings cannot be published oftener
than twice.
Applications for Engineering Research
Institute Fellowship to be awarded for
the fail semester 1955-1956 are now
being accepted in the office of the
Graduate School. The stipend is. $1,000
per semester. Application forms are
available from the Graduate School.
Only applicants who have been em-
ployed by the Institute for at least
one year on at least a half-time basis
are eligible.
Applications :and supporting material
are due in the office of the Graduate
School 'not later than 4:00 p.m. Mon.,
Aug. 22, 1955.
State of- Oregon, Board of Health,
announces an opening for an Audio-
metrist to work in an established
state-wide hearing conservation pro-
gram. Requires graduation from four
year college or university with major
in speech correction and hearing, or,
psychology, working knowledge of the
operation of audiometers and testing
procedures, and ability to administer
group puree tone and individual tests
and obtain valid determinations.1
Arizona Society for Crippled Children
& Adults, Inc., announces, opening for
Speech Therapist with B.S. in Speech
with emphasis on Correction.
Board of'U. S. Civil Service Examiners
announces vacancies for Chemists, Ra-..
diological Biologists, Electronic Scien-
tists, Mathematicians, Physicists, Sta-
ticians, and Engineers-Aero., Chem.,
Elect., Gen'l., Ind., Mech., and Ordnance
for Research and Development in Cali-
fornia with the Navy Dept.
New York State Civil Service
announces exams for the following
positions: Sr. Chem. E., Sr. Arch.
Draftsman, Highway Gen'l Maintenance
-Foreman, Highway Light Maintenance
Foreman, Estate Tax Examiner, Jr.
Compensation Claims Auditor, Institu-
tion Education Supervisor, Farm Pro-
ducts Inspector, and Sr. Clerk (Under-
A research lab. at Wayne University
has an opening for a Bio-chemist.
City of Alpena, Michigan, offers posi-
tion to a Civil Engineer in the City
Engineer's Office and to a man with
apppropriate. training to supervise the
operation of the Water Filtration Plant
and Sewage Disposal Plant.
Hygrade Food Products Corp., Detroit,
Michigan, needs a man for training
In Accounting and Office Procedures.
Hoff, Canny & Knight, Inc. New
York, N, Y., has openings for men with
PhD degrees in Pharmacology.
Hurley Hospital, Flint, Mich., is look-
ing for Physical Therapists who are
registered with the Amer. Registry of.
Phys. Therapists, men and women.
Borgess Hospital, Kalamazoo, Mich.,
has openings for Registered Technicians,
or those qualified to be registered, men
and women.
For further information contact the
Bureau of Appointments, 3528 Admin.
Bldg., Ext. 371.
A representative from the following
will be at the Bureau of Appointments:
Tues., July 26.
The Easterling Co., interviewing for
various locations including Ann Arbor-
men and women for Training Program
for Supervisory and Executive Sales
For appointments contact the Bureau
of Appointments, 3528 Admin. Bldg.,
Ext. 371.
His Excellency Abba Eban, Ambassador
of Isreal, wil speak. on "The Near East
- Past and Present" at 4:15 p.m. in
Aud. C, Angell Hall, Wed., July 20,
auspices of the Department of Near
Eastern Studies. Open to the public.
Special Lecture in Mathematics: Prof.
Leon Henkin, University of California,
will speak on "Cylindrical Algebras"
Wed., July 20, at 2:00 p.m., in Room
3010 Angell Hall.
Linguistic Luncheon. T. N. Sreekan-
taiya, Professor of Kannada, Karnatak
Foreign Funds

The Associated Press reports
that in the last two years nearly.
$1,500,000,000 foreign funds have
been poured into the "rebuilding
and' rearming" of South Korea.
Since the population of South
Korea is approximately 19,000,000
'the foreign aid amounts to about
$40 per capita per year for the

University, Dharwar, India, will speak
on "Meaning in Poetry: an Indian
Vitw" Wed., July 20, 12:15 p.m., Mihi-
gan League.
French Club lecture by Mr. Poltwer,
visiting professor from Harvard Uni-
versity, Thurs., July 21, at 7:30 p.m.
at the Michigan League. "J. J. Rousseau
and Language Education." Prof. Polit..
zer will speak in English.
Academic Notices
Seniors: College of L.S.&A., and
Schools of Education, Music, and Publi'
Health Tentative lists of senors for
August graduation have been posted on
the bulletin board in the first floor
lobby. Administration Building. Any,
changes therefrom should be requested
of the Recorder at Office of Registration
and Records window number. 1, 1513
Administration Bulilding.
Schools of Business Administration,
Education, Natural Resources and Public
Health and Music. Students who re-
ceived. marks of I, X, or nE reports'
at the end of their last semester or
summer session of attendance will re-
ceive a grade of "E" in the course or
courses, unless this work is made up by
July 20. Students wishing an extension
of time beyond this date. in order to
make up. this. work should file a peti-
tion, addressed to the appropriate offi-
cial of their school, with Room 1513
Adminis ation Building, where it will
be transmitted.
Sociology Lunch for staff and stu.
dents in the Sociology Department,
Wed., July- 20, 12:00 i.-! :00 p m.,
Sociology Lounge, 5th floor, Haven Hall.
Bring own food.
Doctoral Examination for Benami
>Morgan Lewis, Library Science; thesis:
"A History and Bibliogrphyof Amen-
'can Magazines, 1800-1810," Wed., July
20, East Council Room, Rackham Bldg.,
at 2:00 p.m. Chairman, R. H. Gelsness,
Seminar in Applied Mathematics will.
meet Thurs., July 21, at 4:00 p.m. in
Room 247 West Engineering. John Si
Klein will speak on "Hankel Tran.
Doctoral Examination for Herma
Hollis Bozeman, Education; thesis: At-
titudes of Selected Racial Leadership
Organizations toward Educational Pol-
icies and Practices for 'Negroes During
the Twentieth Century," Thurs,,July
21, 4024 University High School, A't 4:00
p.m. Chairman, C. A. Eggertsen.
Department of Classical Studies:' A
members of the department, students,
and friends, invited by the staff of
the Kelsey Museum of Archaeology to
a reception and tea at the Museu'
Thurs., July 21, at 4:00 p.m.
University Woodwind Quintet, Nelson
Hauenstein, flute, Albert Luconi, clari-
net, Florian Mueller, oboe, Clyde Car-
penter, French horn, and Lewis Cooper,
bassoon, will be heardat 8:30 p..
Wed., July 20, in- Rackham Assembly
Hall. Beethoven's Quintet, Op. 71, Le-
febvre's Suite, Op. 57, Mueller's Pieces'
for Woodwind Quintet, and Nielsen's
Quintet, Op. 43. Concert in conjunctioa
with the 7th National Band Conductor
Conference July 18-22. Open to the gen.-
eral public without charge.
Student Recital. Frances Dell, pianist,
program in partial fulfillment of th
requirements for the Master of Musi
degree at 8:30 p.m. Thurs., July 21,
in Rackham Assembly Hall. Composi-
tions by Mozart, Chopin, and Shu-
mann. Open to thepublic. Miss DellI
a pupil of John Kollen
Events Today
Meeting of all students who have
attended Northern Michigan College.
Wed., July. 20, Michigan League, 7:30
p.m. Notice in League.
Seminar on "Contemporary Protestant
Thought" led by Dr. Arnold Nash, chair-
man of the Department of Religion,
University' of North Carolina,'rWed,
July 20, 8:00 p.m., Lane Hal Library.
Heartbreak House, by George Bernard
Shaw, presented by the Department
of Speech, tomorrow through Sat.,July
30, 8:00 p.m. In Lydia Mendessoh
Theatre. Tickets on sale at the theatre
box office today from 10:00 a.m.5:00
p.m. $1.50-$1.10-75c.
La Sociedad Hispanica, weekly meet-
ing Wed., July 20 at 7:30- p.m., in Eat
Conference Room, Rackham. :Licenci-
ado Jorge Carrillo, University of Mexico,
will speak in Spanish on the subject,
"El humorismo del mejicano." Ques.
tions and discussion, followed by Spar~
ish songs and music. Open to the

Coming Events
The International Center Teas will be
held at Madelon Pound Home at 1024
Hill Street on Thursday from 4:30-5:30
"Religion in Higher Education"-.
luncheon discussion led by Dr. Arnold
Nash, author of "The University in the







Russians Willing To Join
In Peace-time Atomic Pool


STUDENTS OF RUSSIAN tactics would have
been surprised if the Soviets had not come
to Geneva with a couple of new angles, if not
new ideas.
This they did with the announcement that
they would join President Eisenhower's atomic

The Daily Staff

pool for peaceful purposes. And by it they be-
came the first to lay an actual deed of con-
ciliation on the conference table.
The suggestion of a freeze of foreign forces
in Europe pending discussion of arms limita-
tions also is an attempt to give a business-like
air to their expressions of desire for relaxation
of tensions.
So is the announcement that they intend to
demobilize the troops used in Austria when the
occupation is ended.
These "fringe benefits" offered by the Rus-
sians, however, fall far short of signalizing any
broad policy of conciliation when it comes to
such major problems as that of Germany. On
that point Russia is still working to break up
the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and
prevent the rearmament of Western Germany.
The Russian announcement of participation

Editorial Board
Pat Roelofs

Jim Dygert

Cal Samra

Mary Lee Dingier,' Marge Piercy, Ernest Theodossin
ADave Rorabacher..........................Sports Editor
Buisiness Stff

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