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~1

TWO

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

WEDNESDAY, J U. 1955

WEDNESD.r.aV... LUvl t. 1955

0

I

Sixty-Fifth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only. This must be noted in all reprints.

What A Strange Crusade To Get Him Into
)
a ... -s' x- ia ss t r :- "' ''.
- - . , VV
.. te ..

.4

Eisenhower and '56

By JIM DYGERT

INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
The Move To Abolish War

AN OLD, TESTED political principle advises
never let your enemy-or enemies, if you
have more than one-know what your next
move will be. President Eisenhower, in public
application of this principle, merely chuckles
when asked to run again in 1956 by his Repub-
lican colleagues.
Many people have been quoted and many ar-
ticles have been written, some explaining in
detail why the President will again be a can-
didate, and the others presenting documen-
tary evidence of equal credibility to the oppo-
site view. The only conclusion to be drawn
from all this is that no one knows whether
Eisenhower will run again; the President has
been successful in keeping us guessing. Any
speculation on his desire to retire from public
life and other factors already well-scrutinized
by prognosticators is about as valuable as a
prediction of the next Rose Bowl winner.
No doubt Eisenhower has revealed to a very
few close, trusted friends what his plans are,
cautioning them on their necessary secrecy.
Whatever they say, then, is merely part of the,
game that Eisenhower is playing.
The. Presient's refusal to commit himself
prevents, the Democrats from formulating any
definite campaign plans for 1956. A program
directed against Eisenhower's, personal popu-
larity would be much different from one aimed
at the Republican Party without an awe-in-
spiring personality. If Eisenhower does not run
again, the Democrats have a very strong point
in arguing that they would continue the appli-
cation of the Eisenhower philosophy of gov-
ernment, since they have been more respon-

sible for Ike's getting his way in Congress than
his so-called colleagues in his own party.
On the other hand, if Eisenhower does accept
the candidacy, the Democrats will be in a po-
sition of opposing a man whose program they
have generally supported. This would not be an
advantageous position. It seems that the Re-
publicans, to be sure of a 1956 victory, must
have Ike. But the President's enemies are not
confined to the opposition party. He is gaining
a. certain position of strength over his own
party by not committing himself.
As the situation stands now, the Republican
Party has not seriously begun looking for ano-
ther candidate, satisfied that it can convince
Ike to run again. As long as the President does
not say either "Yes" or "No," the Republicans
will wait, holding up any plans for another
candidate. The result will be that Ike will
have no trouble with his party at convention
time, because there will be no other choice.
And, if re-elected for a second term, Ike will
probably have considerably more control over
his own party than he now enjoys.
Eisenhower is probably aware of these fac-
tors, and that is why he keeps mum. He knows
that the longer he refuses to commit himself,
the easier a 1956 victory becomes.
If he does not run again, he will be deliber-
ately bringing a Democratic victory, because
he knows the Republicans cannot win without
him. The Democrats, of course, do not want
him to run again and are fighting his strategy
of silence the only way they can-by silence.
Stevenson, too, has not committed himself. But
it's a little different in his case-he will run
only if Eisenhower does not. So, Ike has the
whole 1956 election in the palm of his hand.

By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
THE LATEST move by Bertrand
Russell and a group of sci-
entists to focus world attention on
the need for abolishing war is re-
mindful of the preacher who, ask-
ed about his qualifications for a
new pastorate, said he was against
sin.
The meeting of Big Four lead-
ers in Geneva next week is the di-
rect result of a world demand for
avoidance of war. The demand was
produced by realization that a hu-
man race which knows how to
destroy itself should also be smart
enough to save itself, The British
philosopher and his nine scien-
tists merely add to that.
In the exchange between Rus-
sell and France's Professor Joliot-
Curie, however, a point is brought
out which emphasizes the diffi-
culties of definition and of funda-
mentals which the Western nego-
tiators will face.
Joliot - Curie, a Communist,
would ban force as a means of
settling issues between nations,
but not as a weapon in the class
warfare which Russian commun-
ism seeks to promote within na-
tions.
Conquest by war has never been

more than a last-resort principle
of Soviet policy, except as war be-
tween other nations can be pro-
moted and used to prepare for
conquest by infiltration.
The use of force as a capstone
for internal revolution is, on the
other hand, ranked as a neces-
sity in all the Communist hand-
books.
You don't have to be a seer to
understand the methods and plans
of communism. All you have to do
is remember the procedure fol-
lowed in China. The old Comin-
tern wrote the book 25 years ago.
It was followed almost word for
word by the Red conquerors in the
1940s.
All this has a very direct bear-
ing on the big question which the
Allies will have to keep in mind
at every turn of the Soviet wheel
in Geneva. This is not so much
the question, now so widely asked,
of why Russia has suddenly de-
cided that a relaxation of tensions
is to her interest. Behind that to
the question, what does Russia in
tend to do with the time for which
she is maneuvering?
If the scientists and philosoph-
ers could answer that one, they
wouldn't need to tell us.any more
about the undoubted necessity of
avoiding war.

'

The Conferene
At the Summit

9 Tpyrigt. 1955. The Pulttser Publisbg C
St Louis Post-Dispateb

The 'New' International Center

WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
MeCarthyism in Washington

A RELATIVE newcomer cannot often make
sudden changes in.an old, established in-
stitution. It takes a great deal of energy and
courage to change any firmly established pat-
tern.
However, in Dr. James A. Davis of the In-
ternational Center, the University has not only
a man with such energy and courage, but with
a great deal of insight and foresight. Although
he has been able to mold the Center's attitude
and activities into a new and worth while form.
Before his arrival, the Center had been ac-
cused by many foreign students of being biased
against certain groups of foreign students. Its
counseling services were hopelessly inadequate,
resulting in many misunderstandings and fre-
quent poor advice to foreign students.
Within less than a year's time, Dr. Davis has
greatly expanded the individual counseling serv-
ices so that foreign students may truly begin
to rely on the Center when they are in need

of a helping hand. Many of the Center's social
activities have been almostly completely turned
over to students, who, he rightfully assumes,
know their own desires better than advisers
who cannot spend a great deal of their time on
this phase of the Center's activities.
His most recent change in the Center is the
appointment of an individual who will help vis-
iting foreigners get acquainted with the Uni-
versity -and with' the particular departments
in which they are interested.
Certainly all these changes at the Center de-
serve acclaim. They will go a great way toward
making the University a more pleasant place
for foreign students and a more worthwhile
stop on tours of foreign visitors. Dr. Davis
is to be congratulated for his farsightedness
and genuine promotion of international under-
standing.
-Dorothy Myers

SALINE MILL THEATRE:
'You Touched Me!'

YOU TOUCHED ME! presented by The
Saline Mill Theatre.
THIS IS an early play by Tennessee Wil-
'liams, written in collaboration with Don-
ald Windham, and if we may judge by the
present production .it is not remarkable that
this is its "Michigan Premiere." It is called,
in the Saline program, "a romantic comedy,"
and were the play able to maintain that status
it might get by; Messrs. Williams and Wind-
ham, however, have strewn it with serious pur-
pose and low comedy, until one is often quite
unable to understand where it will go next.
The plot concerns the remainder of a sub-
urban English family: a drunken de-frocked
sea captain, his maiden sister, and his maiden
daughter. The return after a five year absence
of the captain's "charity boy" ward achieves
the necessary reversals for the play to slip
into the "romantic comedy" category.
The play is packed with characters who
might have been caricatured to the extent of
making it very jolly indeed, but the director,
Ted Heusel, seems intent upon revealing the
mnore serious aspects of the story. As a con-
sequence some highly laughable scenes-such
as the idealistic bombast of the returning
ward-are lost in the attempt to make them
intelligent and touching. Surely the elements
of later Tennessee Williams pathos are pres-
ent, but their trappings must necessarily make
them seem either a parody of things to come
later in the author's career, or a very serious

mistake. While the latter was most probably
true when the play was written, it would not
have been the work of an insensible director
to magnify their ridiculous characteristics.
The acting in this production has its high
moments, and its very low ones. The women in
the cast do their best to hold the play to-
gether, but their task is not easy. Nancy Born,
who appears as the spinster sister with WCTU
tendencies, is generally excellent, although she
is unable to overcome the play. There is a
wry playfulness in her characterization which,
while it opposes the director's apparent inter-
pretation, does much to give the perforamnce
a satiric twist. When Miss Born cares to be
crotchety she can out-nag the best of them.
Gillian Connable, who appears here for the
first time as her aunt's apprentice in eternal
virginity, does as much as is possible with her
role and the interpretation given it by this
production. A little more shrinking sensitivity,
though, could have made her more comic than
Miss Born. As she is, the girl is simply a gen-
tle and serious introvert in a situation which
demands more for any dramatic interest.
EARL MATTHEWS is cast as the foundling
who returns to his foster home in time to
save his foster-sister from spinsterhood. Ha-
drian, the young man, is given to spouting
poetic phrases and the philosophy of progress,
and it would be difficult to find likelier pros-
pects for parody in the more earnest efforts
of Mr. Williams. The Saline production, how-
ver, plays them straight, and if there is any
aughing to be done it will have to be at the
expense of the characterization rather than
for the sake of it.
The part of the sea captain is played by
William Taylor, who could have done little to
seem more incredible. The captain is given
the wittiest lines in the show, and could be
hilarious, but Mr. Taylor seems determined to
throw away every laugh he can. The fault is
not easy to account for: he may either be
doing his best to maintain the atmosphere

By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON - Senator Mc-
Carthy recently was given a
crushing 77-to-4 defeat in his ef-
forts to hamstring and embarrass
Ikeat the Big Four conference,
but the friends and isms he train-
ed and fostered are a long way
from dead in the nation's Capital.
Here are three quick news shots
which indicate how McCarthyism
still thrives in the following
places:
1. Right inside the White House
--McCarthy's closest congressional
friend, ex-Congressman Charles
Kersten of Wisconsin, has just
been appointed a White House
aide at $50 a day.
Kersten, a Republican, was de-
feated for re-electioon last fall in
the wave of anti-McCarthyism
that swept some parts of Wiscon-
sin, and since then has been look-
ing for a job. First he applied toj
the State Department, but got no-
where.
Now, strangely, he has turned
up as $50-a-day adviser to the
White House on the direct staff
of Nelson Rockefeller, in charge
of Eisenhower's psychological war-
fare. Rockefeller has vigorously
opposed McCarthy and all he stood
for, and White House insiders say
he didn't want to take on the
strong McCarthy supporter. How-
ever, it was considered good poli-
tical strategy.
Kersten is the man who brought
tl*i quickie divorce case of Kordas
xs. Kordas before McCarthy when
he was a local Wisconsin judge.
2. Inside the Federal Communi-
cations Commission - Some time
ago, when Christian L. Rogers,
former aide to McCarthy, was ap-
pointed assistant to Chairman Mc-
Connaughey of the FCC, it was
hotly denied that Rogers would
have any influence.
Already two friends of McCar-
thy are FCC Commissioners-Ro-
bertdE. Lee, who helped master-
mind McCarthy's below-the-belt
campaign against Senator Tydings
of Maryland; and John Doerfer
of Wisconsin who had McCarthy's
support for FCC appointment. On
top of this, Rogers, who had been
on McCarthy's staff, was appoint-
ed assistant to the new chairman.
Despite denials that Rogers
would have any influence, he's
now slated to fill one of the key
positions in the entire FCC-chief
of the Broadcast Bureau.
In charge of the Broadcast Bu-
reau at present is Curtis Plummer,
a Republican from Maine. Plum-
mer, however, was appointed by
the Democrats and, although a
good Republican,-was promoted by
the Democrats. Therefore he is
suspect, and will be sent "to Si-
beria," probably in charge of the
safety and special radio service.
The man who will take his place,
McCarthy's old staff member, will

security risks fired by Eisenhower
and the sometimes high-handed
manner in which they were fired.
"What is the address of George
V. McDavitt?" Barnes was asked.
"Do I have to answer?" the
large man from Oklahoma looked
almost beseechingly at Senator
Olin Johnston of South Carolina,
who presided.
"You were asked the question,"
replied Chairman Johnston.
Barnes reached into his hip-
pocket. His hand shook as he pull-
ed out a notebook with the address
of George McDavitt at 2101 S
Street in Washington.
McDavitt is the chief security
officer of the Small Business Ad-
ministration who, it was claimed,
was firing Civil Service employees
as security risks in Nazi fashion
merely because he wanted to make
room for political friends. His ad-
dress - which may explain why
Barnes was so reluctant to reveal
it-was the building owned by the
famous American Fascist and An-
ti-Semite, Allen Zoll.
Zoll is founder of the American
Patriots, listed on the Attorney
General's list of subversives as
Fascist, and the fact that the se-
curity officer charged with scruti-
nizing alleged security risks in the
Small Business Administration ap-
peared to be on good terms with
Zoll disturbed the Senators-as it
did also Barnes.
ZOLL'S RECORD
ZOLL HAS quite a record. He
picketed radio station WMCA
in New Y6rk when it refused to
permit Father Coughlin to broad-
cast. He raised money for Merwin
K. Hart and for Joe Kamp's Con-
stitutional Educational League.
With the cooperation of McCar-
thy's friend, J. B. Matthews, he
published the Educational Guar-
dian. Later, in anonymous co-
authorship with Matthews, he
published "How Red Is The Fed-
eral Council of Churches," also
worked for the Arab cause in re-
gard to Palestine and claimed cre-
dit for firing Willard Goslin as
superintendent of schools in Pasa-
dena, Calif., as a result of inte-
gration. In the 1952 campaign,
Zoll hung out in Gerald L. K.
Smith's headquarters working for
the nomination of General Mac-
Arthur.
McDavitt has testified that he
first met Zoll in 1949, rented a
room in his building in 1954, would
not talk about whether his ex-wife
once worked for Zoll, said he kept
files on 75,000 persons, many of
them not in government.
That's how another disciple of
McCarthyism is operating in
Washington.
WASHINGTON PIPELINE
SECRETARY BENSON has been
predicting privately .that the
Senate will not act this year on
rigid farm supports . . . Govern-

ter British air defenses, the United
States will soon give the British
some of the latest American Sa-
brejet fighters and B-52 jet bomb-
ers.
PUBLIC HOUSING
THE BACKSTAGE jockeying be-
tween the White House and
Capitol Hill over public housing is
one of the most interesting devel-
opments of this Congressional ses-
sion.
As usual it finds the Democrats
trying to pull the President's Con-
gressional chestnuts out of the
fire. It even found Congressman
John McCormack, of Massachu-
setts, Democratic leader of the
House, phoning the office of As-
sistant President Sherman Adams
asking him to switch at least one
Republican vote inside the Rules
Committee.
What happened was that the
House Rules Committee split 6 to
6 for and against Ike's proposal
that the Government finance 35,-
000 units of public housing. This
was much lower than the 135,000
figure passed by the Senate, but
even so, Eisenhower's Republicans
in the Rules Committee balked.
Since the Rules Committee has
life-and-death power to bottle up
legislation, this tie vote meant that
not only public housing but about
$2,000,000,000 for FHA building
construction loans was stopped
cold in committee. Naturally this
aroused a howl from the real-es-
tate lobby which very much wants
money for FHA but doesn't want
evenmone of the public housing
units recommended by Ike.
Among the GOP Congressmen
who opposed their chief in the
White House were Leo Allen, of
Illinois, former rules chairman;
and Henry Latham of New York,
who has been considered as a po-
tential candidate for Mayor of
New York or even governor. Since
public housing is a hot issue in
New York City, Latham's vote was
a big surprise. So also was Leo
Allen's.
"Of course Leo will vote for pub-
lic housing," gibed his Republican
colleague, Clarence Brown of Ohio.
"Leo's become a New Dealer. He
goes down to the White House and
comes back to vote the way they
want him to."
(Copywright, 1955, by Bell Syndicate)
What Price Allies?
IT DIDN'T take long for the
United Nations, in what was
supposed to have been a 10th an-
niversary love feast, to revert to
type.
The conflict between the United
States and Russia cropped up just
as it always has when Molotov
headed the Russian delegation.
Secretary Dulles boiled the
whole thing down to one point

BY JAMES MARLOW
WASHINGTON (R) - Just about
the best statement which could
come out of the Geneva meeting
among President Eisenhower and
the British, French and Russians
would be one which said: "We got
along together and made a little
progress."
To expect more than that is
probably to expect too much. The
Geneva meeting, beginning next
Monday, is not in itself intended
to solve any of the big problems
separating the West and Russia.
They're took big and complicated
to be settled in detail in the six
days which Eisenhower's White
House aides now think will be the
limit on his discussions with Prime
Minister Eden of Britain and Pre-
miers Faure of'France and Bulga-
nin of Russia.
The Big Four do not intend-at
least as the State Department
views it-to go into details on any
of the problems. Rather, they will
talk about them in a general way.
They can agree on the problems
which the four governments can
try to solve later through special
commissions or future meetings of
the foreign ministers of the four
countries.
At Geneva the Big Four will
probably feel successful if, through
their attitude and perhaps an indi-
cation of willingness to make con-
cessions, they have been able to lay
the groundwork for friendlier rela-
tions and future agreements in de-
tail.
Army's reduction and the reuni-
fication of Germany are two of the

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

biggest issues facing them. Agree.
ing on either in detail would take
months. The Big Four have al-
ready batted the arms problem
around nine years.
The schedule itself, as it standc
now, will give an idea of how the
conference will be held:
Next Monday, July 18, 'Esen-
hower, Eden, Faure and Bulganin
will meet twice, in the morning
and again in the afternoon. It will
be the only day at Geneva when
they meet twice.
Starting Tuesday, their foreign
ministers - Dulles of the United
States, Pinay of France, Macmillan
of Britain, Molotov of Russia --
will meet in the morning by them-
selves.
The Big Four will lunch together
and every following day and then
have their formal session each
afternoon, accompanied by their
foreign ministers. Only one formal
dinner is planned. The Swiss gov-
ernment is giving that.
There's nothing to stop the Big
Four from getting together in the
evening for some conversation but
that isn't planned. The Big Four
will have some language problems:
English, French and Russian.
The speed with which they over.
come that handicap depends upon
whether they wear earphones and
have translators filling them in
word for word or depend on a
roundup translation after each
speaker finishes.
The foreign ministers are likely
to end their sessions when the Big
Four quit. But they can arrange to
meet again whenever they wish.

.4
i

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-
tive notice to all members of the Uni-
versity. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication (be-
for 10 a.m. on Saturday.) Notice of
lectures, concerts and organization
meetings cannot be published oftener
than twice.
WEDNESDAY, JULY 13, 1955
VOL. LXVI, NO. 15
Notices
The Nelson House for International
Living is interviewing couples for the
position of house parents. Couples
interested in acting as hostess and
steward for a group of 30 students
from all over therworld should phone
NO 38506 (Mrs. Yaman).
PERSONNEL REQUESTS:
A firm in Southern Michigan is look-
ing for a Confidential Secretary for
the Chief Engineer. Girl should be 21
years of age and proficient in shorthand.
A knowledge of Engineering terms is
desirable but not essential.
City of New York, Dept. of Personnel,
announces exams for Jr. Mech. E., Jr.
Civil E., Jr. Elect. E., Civil E.
U. S. Air Force, Air Material Com-
mand, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base,
Ohio, announces openings for the fol-
lowing: Programmer-GS-7, 9, Systems
Development Analyst-GS-11, 12, 13, and
Mathematician-GS-2 in the following
areas: Kansas, Georgie, Pennsylvania,
Alabama, Tennessee, California, Ohio,
Texas, Oklahoma, and New York.
For further information contact the
Bureau of Appointments, 3528 Admin.
Bldg., Ext. 371.,
PERSONNEL INTERVIEWS:
Representative from the following will
be at the Engrg. School: Fri, July 22.
Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., Akron,
Ohio - B.S. in Elect., Mech., and Chem.

guage Association staff will speak on
"The Future of Foreign Languages -
the Lady or the Tiger" at 4:00 pa~m.
in 429 Mason Hall Wed., July 13. Open
to the public.
Sixth Summer Biological Symposium,
auspices of the Division of Biological
Sciences. "Central Nervous System In-
tegration. Brain and Behavior I -
Rhinencephalic Mechanisms." Karl H.
Pribram, Rirector of the Departmen of
Neurophysiology, Institute of Living,
-Hartford, Conn. 8:00 pm., Rackham
Ampitheater, Wed., July 13.
Linguistic Institute Luncheon. Law*
rence B. Kiddle, professor of Spacish,
will speak on "Spanish Monetary Terms
in American Indian Languages" at the
Linguistic Institute luncheon, Wed.,
July 13, 12.15 p.m. at the Michigan:
League.
Academic Notices
Students, College of -Engineering: The
final day for dropping courses without
record will be Fri., July 15. A course
may be dropped only with the permis-
sion of the Classifier after conference
with the Instructor.
. Concerts
Student Recital Postponed: The re.
citai by Mary Ann Tinkham, soprano,
previously announced for Wed., July 13,
in Rackham Assembly Hall, has been
changed to 4:15 p.m. Sun., July 17, in
Aud. A, Angel Hall.
Events Today
Folm Forum on Japan, Wed., July 13,
8:00 p.m., Aud. A, Angell Hall, the
weekly Film Forum on International
Education presents a program on
"School and Society of Japan." Ronald
Anderson will be discussion leader for
three documentaries on Japan: "The
Arts of Japan," "Rice Farming in Ja.
pan (color), "Educational systems of
Japan." Open to'the public.

The Daily Staff

Editorial Board
Pat Roelofs

Jim Dygert

Cal Samra

NIGHT EDITORS
Mary Lee Dingler, Marge Piercy, Ernest Theodossin
Dave Rorabacher-----.....................Sports Editor

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