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July 07, 1955 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1955-07-07

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TWO

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

THURSDAY. JULY 1. MAN

TWO THE MICHIGAN DAIIA

'i'MhTRLULIlyJU IrT., 'Y IOK

i

Sixty-Fifth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

tug .

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only. This must be noted in all reprints.

"Sorry-He's Tied Up Right Now"
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WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
Public Utilities Get
A Cool billion in Bill

Wisconsin's Plan To Unify
State Educational Boards

By JIM DYGERT

THE WISCONSIN State Assembly recently re-
Jected Gov. Walter J. Kohler's proposal
for combining the state's nine colleges and the
University of Wisconsin under a single board
of trustees, and wisely so, it seems from here.
Instead, it adopted a bill to set up a coor-
dinating committee to direct policies for all
the state's institutions of higher learning, re-
taining the present system of two separate
boards, one governing the University of Wis-
consin, the other directing affairs for the nine
state colleges. This move, it seems, accomplish-
es the major purposes of Gov. Kohler's plan
without adding its attendant disadvantages.
Gov. Kohler wanted a 15-member board with
complete authority over policies, instruction,
physical plant and budgets of all ten. He ar-
gued his plan would eliminate the duplication
of physical plants and instruction by the uni-
versity and the colleges by centralizing plan-
ning under one agency. A coordination of poli-
cies was also meant to provide equality of edu-
cation.
An opposition argument claimed that con-
centrating ten schools under one board was
too big a job. Yet, it is hard to believe it would
be much bigger than concentrating nine schools
under one board as the present set-up does.
There seem to be more weighty arguments
against a plan like Gov. Kohler's.
A very real objection to his plan concerns
an angle of which Wisconsin's legislators were
no doubt aware-but those things just aren't
mentioned in public. Consolidating all state
schools under one board is a kind of bureau-
cracy that is more likely to lead to shady poli-
tics. The bigness is there, but the politics form
a more real danger.
There is already a certain measure of politics
in state educational boards, whether they be
appointed or elected. Traditionally, a post on a
state educational board is not a paid one. If
it is an electoral position, only those who
have substantial financial resources even con-
sider running for it. If appointed, the op-
portunity for political appointments are ob-
vious, even though only sufficiently wealthy
individuals can qualify.
W HE~NTHERE are two or more boards gov-
erning the colleges and universities in a
state, members are more- likely to take an
active interest in their respective schools. Per-
haps the reason for this is a certain amount of

competition, which is cited as the cause of the
duplication Gov. Kohler wants to eliminate.
The Wisconsin Assembly's substitute bill for a
co-ordinating committee can alleviate the du-
plication without taking -away the competition
that keeps educational board members on their
toes in maintaining and improving the stan-
dards of their respective schools.
That this incentive should remain is very
important, because the desire to improve their
respective schools is perhaps all that education-
al board members have to offer the education-
al systems. They are almost never recognized
educators; more often they know little of the
operations and missions of educational insti-
tutions, and due to their involvement in other
businesses, cannot posisbly maintain an Inti-
mate contact with the problems of their insti-
tutions. Members of educational boards, ideally,,
should be men or women who have spent their
lives in education and are familiar with its
problems and needs. That educational board
members usually cannot answer to such quali-
fications points to a need for a reappraisal
of the educational governing system.
Changes are certainly needed. But creating
one centralized agency to handle all the schools
in the state is not the solution, but an aggra-
vation of the problem. Bureaucratizing the edu-
cational system in ,that way would further re-
move the policy-makers from the problems and
everyday needs that they should know more
about.t
Michigan's arrangement, though not ideal,
would be much worse if the University (now
under the Board of Regents), Michigan State
University (now under the State Board of Ag-
riculture), and the state's teachers colleges
(now under the State Board of Education) were
combined under one governing body. Thus
standards of all would probably gravitate to a
norm.
The annual battle in the Legislature for
funds by each institution may seem a waste
of energy that could be better used in over-all
planning, but it is the competition that will do
more for the universities and colleges than the.
over-all planning.
Wisconsin's answer provides a measure of co-
ordination without removing the competition.
But the problem deserves even more study. Mi-
chigan would do well to examine its education-
al system with an eye toward improvement.
But we hope it does not consider too seriously
any notions of centralizing control in one
board.

'Book, Bell, and Candle'

CURRENT MOVIES

At Lydia Mendelssohn
BELL, BOOK AND CANDLE,
by John Van Druten, presented
by the Department of Speech.
THIS SECOND production of the
Summer Playbill enjoys the
advantage of working with a less
pretentious play. Mr. Van Druten
seems fully aware, at least through
the first two acts, that he is writ-
ing a play about nothing; in the
third act, unfortunately, he begins
to take his characters seriously,
and this is a mistake because they
have not proved themselves to be
very real up to that time.
The story, briefly, concerns ev-
ents within a circle of latter-day
witches. Gillian Holroyd, with a
reputation for being the most pow-
erful of them all, begins a play-
ful game of amours with the man
upstairs, and finds herself too
deeply involved to laugh it off as
one of her little pranks. Love, as
we are told, is one thing witches
can't have, unless they'd like to
give up any claim to witchhood.
Miss Holroyd, as we must suspect
from the beginning, is willing to
make the sacrifice.
The role of Miss Holroyd is
played by Henrietta Hermelin, a
very engaging young lady. Miss
Hermelin does her best to appear
as feline as her Siamese cat, and
seldom fails. Her wrath at find-
ing herself deprived of her occult
powers is a masterful perform-
ance. There are times when we

may readily expect her to whip
out a broom and "blast off," as the
younger set would have it.
THE GENTLEMAN to whom
Miss Hermelin becomes at-
tached is portrayed by Harold
Radford, who may be remembered
for his hilarious performance last
summer as the cook in "Mrs. Mc-
Thing." He is hampered here by
having one of the most serious
roles in this play, and his is not
a serious gift.,
The most delightful character
in the play is created by Gertrude
Slack, who appears as Gillian's
aunt, a middle-aged witch of less
than extraordinary powers. Miss
Slack, aided by her costumes
drawn from the 1920's, has an
understanding of comedy which
her colleagues cannot match. She
manages, with no apparent effort,
to spirit off every scene in which
she appears. We may hope to see
Miss Slack again this summer,
particularly in light of the fare
which is scheduled for production.
Russell Brown appears as Gil-
lian's brother, Nicky. We are ask-
ed to believe, by some of the lines,
that he is older than his sister,
but this Mr. Brown fails to com-
municate. He is full of youthful
ebullience, perhaps to the point of
being jejune, and is given to gro-
tesque posturings which do not
help his characterization. As a
boyish prankster he would be just
fine, but this, it would seem, is

not what Mr. Van Druten had
in mind.
THE ROLE of Sidney Redlitch,
the author of books on witch-
craft, is taken by William Angus
Moore. Mr. Moore's appearance,
inebriated, in the first act is cal-
culatedly ridiculous, and merits a
number of laughs; but when he
returns later to beg for the mercy
of Gillian he is excellent.
Director Hugh Norton does an
admirable job, but the play might
have had a more rapid pace. The
deliberation with which he invests
the first two acts is overcome by
the lines themselves, but when
Mr. Van Druten slows down, in,
the third act, Mr. Norton's pace
only exaggerates the lack. This is,
for the most part, a play of wit,
and to stretch it out is to show its
barrenness.
The setting, designed by Jack
E. Bender, is just a bit too brown.
Costumiere Phyllis Pletcher has a
relatively simple job, but does
spectacularly with the dresses of
Gillian's aunt.
This production has some of
the defects of the first play of the
summer season: it begins with a
drama of questionable virtues, and
profits little from the director's
concept of the play. There are
moments of great fun-Miss Slack
provides the major portion of
them-and there are whole scenes
which may be best characterized
by their dullness.
-Tom Arp

By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-Something new
has been added to President
Eisenhower's superhighway bill-
a cool billion dollars for telephone
companies and power companies.
Of Democratic origin, the billion
dollars has already been approved
by the Senate in the Gore bill, a
substitute for the President's high-
way program.
So quietly was it maneuvered,
however, that many Congressmen
didn't even know what was going
on until a militant group of House
Democrats, led by Congressman
Brady Gentry of Texas, tried to
knock out the money in the House
Public Works Committee.
Since then the powerful public
utilities lobby, spearheaded by the
Amercian Telephone and Tele-
graph Company, and working
through a grass-roots lobby of
back-home companies, has really
been turning the heat on House
members to retain the Senate pro-
viso, despite Gentry's protests.
The argument goes back to the
fact that private utilities have long
been granted free right .of way
along our major highways for tele-
phone lines, electric power lines,
water pipes, and, to a lesser ex-
tent, gas pipelines. This makes it
easier for a private utility to reach
its facilities with repair trucks on
paved roads in case of breakdowns.
In return, the utility companies
sign contracts with most state road
commissions providing that the
company pay the full cost of relo-
cating their facilities along any
highway that needs to be widen-
ed or diverted.
The Gore highway bill, however,
changed this by saddling half of
the utility relocating costs on the
taxpayers. In the proposed super-
highway program this would be a
hefty item.
If the House goes along with
Senate approval, it would cost the
federal and state governments-in
short, the taxpayers-not less than
$800,000,000 and conceivably more
than $1,000,000,000 in the next 12
years.
Congressman Gentry, a former
state highway official, happens to
be a conservative Texan and a
stockholder in private power com-
panies that stand to benefit from
Congressional approval.
If the Senate proviso in the Gore
bill is okayed, it would mean mon-
ey in Gentry's pocket. However,
unlike some of his colleagues, the
Texan believes in putting the tax-
payers' welfare ahead of his own.
Other forthright House members
who are supporting Gentry in-
clude Democrats Jack Dempsey of
New Mexico and Tom Steed of
Oklahoma.
CAPITOL NEWS CAPSULES
CHURCHILL'S ADVICE - Win-
ston Churchill has warned his
young successor, Anthony Eden,
against rushing too quickly into
any deals with Russia. Churchill
believes the Russians are a little
too eager to settle the cold war
and he's suspicious. Old Churchill
believes all the sweet talk from
Moscow during the last two
months means Russia is far weak-
LETTERS
To the Editor
Why So? .. .
To the Editor:
MR. MALCOLM has been delin-
quent with his homework. His
"review" of "Strange Lady in
Town" really is no review. All that
it amounted to was to tell us that
the movie proved to be better than
he expected.
Sometimes we read movie re-
views for their wit-and Michigan

Daily reviewers are all witty men.
Other times we seek to rectify our
uncouth judgments of the movies
we have attended. At such occa-
sions it is no consolation to be told
that the reviewer liked or disliked
it. Surely, we want him to tell us
why he did so. Beating around the
bush may offer amusement, but it
still does not make a review.
-Michael Marmura

er internally than anyone dream-
ed, and he's advised Eden to lis-
ten carefully at the Big Four
meeting next month but make no
commitments because Russia will
offer even better terms six months
or a year from now.
Bickering over Billy Mitchell--
The original movie script for "The
Court Martial of Billy Mitchell"
made the Air Force hero look like
a military delinquent. Reason: the
script writers consulted only the
Army and Navy, who hated the
founder of the Air Force. However,
Col. Robert Scott, of the Air Foroe,
flew to Hollywood to protest to.
Jack Warner, formerly an airman
himself, and Warner Brothera
have now rewritten the script.
Secret Photo--A Photographer
for the magazine Aviation Week
was caught last week sneaking
himself a picture of three sections
of the top top-secret interconti-
nental missile, the Snark. The
three sections were lying near a
fence in the Northrop Aviation
Company's yard near Hawthorne,
;aiif., within easy camera range
of the photographer. ,
Tougher Than the Red-Gen-
eral Twining, Air Force Chief of
Staff, has ordered U.S. interro-
gators to take it easy on U.S. pri-
soners released from China. In-
te. iigence officers were so tough on
the four fliers back from Red Chi-
na that one of them, Lt. Roland
Parks, shbi t ed: "You are treating
mc worse thatn the C;).nmunistg
dial." When General Twintn bea d
about this, he ordered the inter-
rogators to be more considerate.
More U.S. Prisoners--American
agents are quietly questoning re-
leased Austrian prisoners to find
out how many Americans are still
being held in Soviet slave camps.
Evidence has been collected that
at least a dozen American citizens
are languishing in Russian prisons
... The evidence will be given to
President Eisenhower to present to
Soviet Premier Bulganin at the
Big Four conference.
THE JOHNSON-CLEMENTS
TEAM
SEN. EARLE CLEMENTS of Ken-
tucky who now becomes ma-
jority. Senate leader, has dovetail-
ed his work so closely with that of
ailing Sen. Lyndon Johnson that
it's hard to tell where the handi-
work of one stops and the other
begins. They are intimate friends,
and the triumph of one is the tri-
umph of the other. The two men
and their staff function as a team.
Shortly before Johnson suffered
his heart attack, he scored a
shrewd victory over Eisenhower by
scuttling his atomic peace ship
on the ground that it was an im-
p r a c t icable multimillion-dollar
publicity stunt put across by the
shipping lobby.
The victory, however, was by
only one vote and resulted first,
from the bitterness of Joe McCar-
thy toward Eisenhower; second
some astute maneuvering by Sen-
ators Johnson and Clements.
After McCarthy had voted with
the Democrats against Eisenhow-
er's atomic peace ship, Vice-Pres-
dent Nixon with Senators Know-
land and Bridges cornered him and
begged him not to cast his grudge
vote.
But the alert Senator Clements
saw what was happening. He knew
that the nearest Democrat who
hadn't voted was Fulbright of Ar-
kansas who was about 10 miles
away on the other side of Wash-
ington.
So Clements called Robert Bak-
er, secretary to the majority lead.
er. Baker, however, was ahead of
him. He had already arranged for
a police escort to bring Fulbright
back to the Senate. So, by the time
Republican Senators had sweet-
talked McCarthy into changing his
vote to a pair with Smith of New
Jersey who was absent, Fulbright
was en route to the Senate. M-

Carthy's switch made the vote 44
to 40, giving Vice-President Nixon
the right to cast the deciding vote
in favor of Ike's atomic peace ship.
At this point, however, the
breathless Senator from Arkansas
burst onto the Senate floor in time
to cast his vote with the Demo-
crats. In the end, McCarthy's re-
fusal to vote for the atomic peace
ship defeated it.
(Copywright, 1955, by Bell Syndicate)

4

t the State..

THE LADY AND THE TRAMP.

There are five new songs in the picture,
authored by singer Peggy Lee, all of which
well integrated into the story. They, like
film itself, are neither outstanding nor
ceptionally poor.

co-
are
the
ex-

"THE LADY AND THE TRAMP," labelled by
advertisements as Walt Disney's "happiest
motion picture," presents the old problem of all
Disney feature-length cartoons: exactly for
whom is the film intended, adults or children?
"Lady," which tells the love story of a pedi-
gree she-dog and a mongrel he-dog, is en-
crusted with layers of turn-of-the-century
nostalgia. As a children's piece, it has less ap-
parent sadism than previous full-length Dis-
ney cartoons. But, being seeped in an over-
abundance of romanticism and being rather
short on comedy relief, it may prove rather un-
interesting to youngsters.
There is some indication, however, that Dis-
ney was interested in conceiving something
beyond a simple cartoon to amuse children. The
minor characters - Russian-Revolutionary,
Mexican-peon, and low-down-night-club-sing-
er type dogs - appear to be aimed at pleasing
a more mature audience.
LADY" most resembles some of the hearts-
and-flowers episodes from an earlier Dis-
ney film, "Make Mine Music." And it all too
often mistakes cuteness as a substitute for
cleverness. Its animal performers might have
been rather acceptable in a standard cartoon,
but in a 75 minute feature, they wear some-
what thin.
Disney is perhaps attempting to change his
cartoon style, but the change is a little too
much toward the, kind of material he produced
in the late forties, material which proved rather
unpopular.

ALSO ON THE program is a half-hour Dis-
ney "People and Places" subject, "Swit-
zerland," that presents some clear, panoramic
shots of the mountainous country, while play-
ing up the inhabitant's idiosyncrasies for the
sake of quaintness and humor.
-Ernest Theodossin
At the Michigan ..
THE CONQUEST OF EVEREST
MOUNTAIN CLIMBING, an interesting sport,
has been the subject of a number of pop-
ular books and films in the last few years,
none of which perhaps has been more dramatic
than the account of the British ascent of Ev-
erest in 1953. The release of the motion pic-
tures taken during the successful assault by
Colonel John Hunt's party followed last year
and are just now reaching Ann Arbor. They
are a more than adequate record of the expe-
dition. "Conquest of Everest" is a film dazz-
lingly photographed in highly sensitive tech-
nicolor. It is effectively edited, clearly dia-
grammed, and intelligently commented upon
by the poet, Louis MacNiece.
The movie also makes the effort to explain
mountain climbing to the audience they half
seem to fear is saying "Why on earth do they
climb a mountain?" The answer offered is
the classic response once given by the explorer
Mallory who disappeared on Everest in 1924:
"Because it is there." Mountain-climbing cer-
tainly does not need any such esoteric justi-
fication. It is a perfectly respectable sport to
engage in, but I see no reason why the sym-
bolic nature of the achievement represented
by "reaching the summit" should be made any
more mystic than winning the Boston Mara-
thon or playing the last quarter of the football
game with a broken leg. All sports, in other
words, require skill and stamina and a greater
or lesser amount of human courage. For some
reason, however, mountain climbing and bull-
fighting have been allowed the dimensions of

. _

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-
tive notice to all members of the Uni-
versity. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication (be-
for 10 a.m. on Saturday.) Notice of
lectures, concerts and organization
meetings cannot be published oftener
than twice.
THURSDAY, JULY 7, 1955
VOL. LXVI, NO. 11
Notices
The Nelson House for International
Living is interviewing couples for the
position of House Parents. Couples in-
terested in acting as host and steward
for a house of thirty ptudents from all
over the world should phone NO 38506
(Mrs. Yarman).
PERSONNEL REQUESTS:
Mich. State Civil Service announces
exams for Pharmacist II and Blind
School Teacher, Deaf School Teacher,
and Special Education Teacher.
New York State Civil Service an-
nounces exams for the following: Asst.
Chief Psychiatrist, Assoc. Social Psy-
chologist, Dir, of Public Health Nursing,
Public Health Dental Hygenist, Assist.
in Teaching Certification, Institution
Educ. Superv., Indust. Investigator, Dir.

For further information contact the
Bureau of Appointments, 3528 Admin.
Bldg., ext. 371.
PERSONNEL INTERVIEW:
A representative from the following
will be at the Engrg. School: Thurs.,
July 14.
Mich. Bell Telephone Co. - B.S. and
M.S. in and Engrg. program and Physics
and Math.
For appointments contact the Engrg.
Placement Office, 347 W. Engrg., ext.
2182,
Lectures
Linguistic Forum. Abraham Kaplan,
professor of philosophy at the Univer-
sity of California at Los Angeles, will
speak on "A Philosopher Looks at the
Whorf Thesis" Thurs., July 7, 7:30 p.m.
in Rackham Ampitheatre.
Academic Notices
M.A. Language Examination 'in History
Fri., July 15, 4:15-5:15 p.m., 439 Mason
Hall. Sign list in History office. Can
bring dictionary..
Doctoral Examination for Frank J.
Irgang, Education; thesis: "Community
Factors in the Determination of the
Instructional Areas of an Industrial
Arts Program," Fri., July 8, 4015 Uni-
versity High School, at 1:00 p.m. Chair-
man, F. W. Dalton.
Clon er'p-t

University Carillonneur, 7:15 p.m.
Thurs., July 7. Handel's Sonata for a
Musical Clock, and Haydn's "The
Heavens are Telling, from "The Crea-
tion," Adoro Te, Presto from Clavier
Sonata 33, Serenata, and the Andante
movement from the "Surprise" Sym-
phony.
Events Today
Bell, Book and Candle, John van Drut-
en's comedy, will be presented by the
Department of Speech tonight at 8:00
p.m. in Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Tickets are available at the Lydia Men-
delsshn Theatre Box Office for $1.50-
$1.10-75c, 10:00 a.m.-8:00 p.m.
The International Center Teas will be
held at Madelon Pound Home at 1024
Hill Street on Thursday from 4:30-5:30
p.m.
Film Forum on International Educa-
tion Thurs., July 7, at 8:00 p.m. in
Aud. A, Angell Hall, evening on Eng-
land. Discussion leader for two docu-
mentary films is Dr. W. A. G. Armytage,
prof. of Education, University of Shef-
field, England. Open to public.
French Club Thurs., July 7, at 7:30
p.m. (sharp) at Kellogg Auditorium,
(Fletcher Street), the film "La Char-
treuse de Parme" adapted from Stend-
hal's novel. French dialogue, English
subtitles. Dr. Trenbaum of the Romance
Languages Department will present the
film. Admission free, open to public.

4.

INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
The Summit Meeting
And Red China

The Daily Staff

11

Editorial Board
Pat Roelofs

Jim Dygert

Cal Samra

NIGHT EDITORS
Mary Lee Dingler, Marge Piercy, Ernest Theodossin
Dave Rorabacher.........................Sports Editor

By FRANCIS W. CARPENTER
(P) News Analyst
THE UNITED STATES expects
the Soviet Union to bring up
the issue of Red China at the Ge-
neva Big Four conference. The
Chinese case is a cause of world

1. Immediate release of the 11
American airmen held as spies.
2. Quick release and repatria-
tion of other American and UN
prisoners of war known to be in
Red Chinese camps.
3. Withdrawal of Red Chinese

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