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July 21, 1955 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1955-07-21

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Sixty-Fifth Year

Loong, Long Trail



Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only. This must be noted in all reprints.
Geneva Ignoring Asia?
W ITH WORLD-WIDE attention currently fo- The English, too, have a calloused spot in
cused on Geneva, Americans would be well the Orient. They have consistently disagreed
advised to keep one eye on Asia at this time. with us over the handling of the Formosan
- The hope and publicity -of the meeting at the question, and it is not clearly understood what
summit now taking place must not allow us to her immediate actions would be should we have
ignore what may well prove to be the area of to carry out our obligations in defense of Na-
conflict in the next few years-a conflict in' t t
which the United States may have to stand When one considers this dangerous uncer-
alone if the Big Four meeting is successful. tainty of allied support along with the "fire in
the ashes" in Asia during this spell of covered
If Europe emerges from this conference tensions, he realizes we must engage in the
soothed and reassured by Russia of a peaceful conferences at Geneca, not simply on the basis
continent, she will think twice before risking of a European peace as England and France
a third world war for an Asia she has long may be tempted to do, but with an over-all
fought over and is steadily loosing. France, for view of the relationships of Allied strength to
one, has tired of the drain of Indo-China on points of Soviet stress, directly or indirectly, all
her economy and has practically written it off over the globe. Then we will have a secure
as a loss. She gave up a lot for peace there, bargaining position for negotiations with Rus-
and she doubtlessly intends to avoid armed sia on lessening world-wide tensions.
conflict in that area. -Howard Walker
Shaw's H eartbreak House'

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HEARTBREAK HOUSE, by George Bernard
Shaw, presented by the Department of Speech.
According to Louis Kronenberger, writing in
"The Thread of Laughter," the play cur-
rently appearing at Lydia Mendelssohn is "an
overly symbolic or at least symptomatic play,
in which Shaw, with all England for his stage,
depicts the states of mind, styles of living,
social and political programs, or want of them,
that preceded, and no doubt helped produce
the first World War. Shaw in a sense is con-
cerned as Checkhov more narrowly was in "The
Cherry Orchard," with the outward life of a
people and the inward death of a society."
This is a big order for warm weather.
Fortunately, however, the Speech Department
has proceeded as if they did not take the above
dead seriously, and as a result they have man-
aged a rather fluid production that is probably
better for doing a once-over-lightly treatment
of a play that is both dated and somewhat
unpleasant. The unpleasantness they manage
to conceal with the bold happiness of their
characterizations. The datedness they take care
of by remarking on the program that they have
reset the play in 1940 whereas Shaw originally
wrote it for the first World War.
Beyond that, they seemed to understand that
it had something to do with -reasonably good
people being cynical about the state of affairs
the world was in. They presented this cynicism
with enthusiasm, and as I said, this was better
than any false respect for Shaw's muddled
ironies. At the end, for instance, when the
bombers are overhead, the characters are shown
welcoming them with all the excitement of a
school picnic. In 1940, this would have been
absurd. In 1914, it is still only a paradox that
makes for a "good" final curtain.
"Heartbreak House" has been called a fan-
tasia in the Russian manner on English themes.
What this seems to mean is that Shaw has
made a great effort to imitate Chekhov by
bringing all his characters to a secluded villa
and sending them about sighing over the night
while the crash of the outside world resounds
about their windows. The reason Shaw fails
in "Heartbreak House" where Chekhov suc-
ceeds is that he is using borrowed symbols.,
There is nothing particularly appropriate about
pretending that English countryfolk stood for

the same thing that the upper class did in
Russia. The landed gentry never wore blinders
in England. The last thing they were was in-
capable of action, as two World Wars since have
demonstrated. Working with Chekhov's "Nar-
rower" symbols, Shaw consequently is forced
to be a charming liar most of the time. Because
the framework is not suitable, he grafts on to
it brave generalities and glittering domestic
epigrams, none of which have anything to do
with his larger message. The manor in Sussex
where the action takes place might be a ship,
might be heaven, might even be Noah's Ark.
Captain. Shotover might be God. Shaw, I
suspect, does not care very much, unlike Chek-
hov who probably cared a great deal that you
knew what the cherry orchard meant. At least
he never tried to mislead you.
In this production, the performances were
generally.good. Rose Marie Cassidy was acid-
tongued enough to be altogether right for the
typical "lady" role that she played. James
Young, as Shotover, had good lines that he
delivered comfortably after the first act. Marian
Mercer maintained fine control of a part that
offered her much greater opportunity than
usual, and Michael Gregoric, as the capitalist,
gave what seemed to me his best performance to
date in a role that may have been the most
difficult in the play.
The smoothest scene was that which ended
the second act, involving Miss Cassidy, Roland
Jones, and William Hawes. Naturally enough,
it was an entirely brutal, brilliantly satiric
interlude that displayed Shaw's pre-eminent
stagecraft to best advantage. The minor roles
played by Jones and Hawes were discharged
admirably throughout. Carol Loveless was ef-
ficient as the "poor girl," Donald Gilger, too
halting as her father; and Beverly Markewitz
played a predictable servant.-
The sitting room set of the first two acts
looked pleasant and proved manageable. The
terrace set of Act Three seemed flat and a little
hard to figure out. The play moved through
them all without any trouble, and if one could
have only pretended it had any relation to
reality, the evening might have been a good
-William Wiegand

Germ-any Vital Issue at Geneva ::

Disarmament Wrangles

GENEVA-Modern diplomacy, it's
said, is sometimes a system of
controverting history. At any rate,
the "summit" conference here is
busily engaged in undoing some of
the thibgs these same statesmen
did just ten years ago.
And here are some flashbacks
into history which illustrate how
history is being rewritten at the
secret huddles of Geneva.
FLASHBACK NO. 1-Took place
at General Eisenhower's headquar-
ters outside London exactly 10
years ago when, with Germany in
full retreat, he lunched with one
Harry Dexter White, now branded
by Attorney General Brownell a
traitor, and listened sympatheti-
cally to plans for dividing Ger-
many into two parts.
FLASHBACK NO. 2-Took place
in Berlin a little later when Eisen-
hower sat with Marshal Zhukov in
a Berlin night club, watched Ger-
man dancing girls, and drank a
toast to total, perpetual dismem-
berment of Germany.
FLASHBACK NO. 3-Took place
in Stuttgart nine years ago when
Jimmie Byrnes, then Secretary of
State, made a speech which echo-
ed round the world proposing Ger-
man ybe neutralized and demili-
tarized for 40 years.
FLASHBACK NO. 4-Took place
about the same time, when Eisen-
hower agreed to and started car-
rying out famous order No. 1096
specifying that German industry
must not be destroyed and that
Germany become an agricultural
state never to rise to military pow-
er again,
N CONTRAST, the chief prob-
lem Eisenhower and Secretary
of State Dulles are now discussing
at the summit is Germany-how
it can be rearmed, how it can be
united, how it can become a power
in the world again. While Indo-
China is rapidly falling to Com-
munism, while the Korean peace
is threatened by theCommunist
arms buildup in North Korea which
makes it no permanent peace,
while Quemoy and Matsu are the
objects of probable early attack,
the Americans at the summit are
still wrapped up almost exclusive-
ly in Germany.
Eisenhower can' say that, in
1945-46, he was a soldier and just
taking orders. Today his friends
can say that, as President, he's
just taking the advice of his Secre-
tary of State. But the Secretary of
State who is advising Eisenhower
today happens to be the same
John Foster Dulles whose advice
on Germany in the 1920's was just
as bad or worse than critics of
Henry Morgenthau say his advice
was in the 1940's. For Dulles was
an attorney for the New York
bankers who in the 1920's came
back from Europe repeatedly to
announce "Germany is a sound in-
vestment; it's future is assured."
After each Dulles statement, the
German bond market soared only
to end in one of the world's worst

FOR, WHILE headlines in the
papers acclaimed the new vol-
unteer military bill being passed by
the West German parliament dur-
ing the Geneva talks, the real fact
is that all the debates in the Ger-
man parliament showed the Ger-
man people no more anxious for
militarism than the average Am-
erican youngster is anxious to be
The German military bill is one
of the most unusual ever passed
by any supposedly militaristic na-
tion. It provides a committee of
38 anti-Hitler civilians to screen
every general and colonel to make
sure he's not a former Hitlerite.
It provides tight controls by par-
liament over the army. It provides
only 6,000 recruits by March, 1956,
which certainly isn't going to wor-
ry the Russians, and it provides
only 12 divisions in six years which
again, contrasted with Russia's
175 divisions, isn't worth sneezing
at from the Kremlin's viewpoint.
Simultaneous with this unmili-
taristic military start in West Ger-
many, the German press, through
strongly anti-Communist, has been
full of the futility of building up
land divisions as a defense against
atomic warfare. Five anti-Com-
munist German editors touring
Russia have written friendly, fav-
orable reports about the possibil-

ity of cooperating with Russia.
Adelbert Weinstein, military edi-
tor of the influential Frankfurter
Allgemeine Zeitung, after a friend-
ly visit to the United States, has
returned as a potent opponent of
German rearmament. His six-
weeks inspection of U.S. military
installations backfired and he's
now telling the German people
there's no sense in recruiting a
land army for defense against the
This is the weak and wavering
German backdrop against which
Dulles and Eisenhower are weav-
ing their chief strategy in Europe
and their chief talks here in Ge-
neva. Their chief friend is the val-
i a n telcourageous, 79-year-old
Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, re-
lated by marriage to former High-
Commissioner Jack McCloy, now
head of the Chase Bank. Adenauer
will stand with us through thick
and thin, but the Russians know
he cannot last forever.
No wonder sophisticated diplo-
mats from neutral powers are
amazed that we continue to worry
about a few German land divisions
and don't get on with the main
problem of what we are going to
do about a China where land divi-
sions are without end and about
how we shall prevent a catastro-
phic hydrogen war of the future.
(Copyright, 1955, Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

Our Apilergies.
To the Editor:
THERE WERE no less than nine
(9) printing errors in a letter
of mine which appeared in Tues-
day's Daily.
I suggest that in an age when
one's every public word is likely to
become part of an inquisitor's dos-
sier, somewhat more rigorous
proof-reading standards are re-
quired of a college newspaper.
-Jack Danielson
(EDITOR'S NOTE: Unfortxnetlex,
The Dailex/ sumx3r stapf has a
shprtowg of proofbreeders. We ex-
temb Mr. Danielson our apilergies and
hope it wint hapin agun.
* * *
Objection.. ..
To the Editor:
IT SEEMS to us that The Daily
could make better use of its
somewhat limited facilities than
to publicize the activities of mem-
bers of the so-called publications
clique and their families.
We refer most particularly to
the piece on page four the other
day about a Maria Winn who is
not even enrolled at the Univer-
sity. This article was obviously
largely ficticious and bore little re-
semblance to real people or actual
Why can't you better use your
space to reprint droll sayings from
the Reporter or the Ensian. Leave
humor to us who 'know how to use
-Dave Kessel, Gargoyle
Protest .
To the Editor:
MY ARTICLE concerning Cedric
Belfrage, my concern with the
Rosenbergs, is precisely to get peo-
ple to look into these cases for
themselves. I do not believe any-
one will long hold to a truth he
has not hammered out for himself.
I believe that if people will check
the text of the McCarran and Mc-
Carran-Walter laws, as I did, they
will see that Belfrage's deportation
is unjust. I did not give page refer-
ences to the McCarran Act for
nothing. I invited people to write
the "National Guardian" and the
Justice Dept. and told them of my
experiencq. And I feel certain also
that one who checks the Rosen-
berg-Sobell trial record, as I am
doing, will see their innocence. It
has momentous consequences.
Editor Samra nowhere disputes
my facts. How was my article on
Belfrage in the Daily (7-8-55) un-
true or misleading? Has editor
Samra read the "National Guar-
dian?" How was its presentation
untrue? I believe the staff of the
National Guardian are intelligent
principled people, like Belfrage,
and I invite the readers to inquire
for themselves. The Guardians ad-
dress is 17 Murray St. N.Y. 7.
Few papers today speak up for
the liberties of the left. Must we
turn a deaf ear to its statement
of its own case because it is widely
ignored in the press? Had editor
Samra spoken up about Belfrage,
(a fellow newspaperman), I could
have quoted him. But he didn't.
To get the press to comment is a
main task. If Editor Samra is mov-
ed to study these cases it is a step
in the right direction. If your
home town editor is moved by a
letter from you to consider them,
even better.
-Bill Livant
Flaccid Taste..
To the Editoro:
IF THE article in the July 20 is-
sue of The Daily about Miss
Marie Winn has any justification

for its existence, that justification
remians an enigma. Miss Winn is
obviously a charming girl, and in-
formation about her would be ap-
preciated; but to offer such a tur-
gid mass of half-truths and plain
lies in a newspaper is foolish. The
article is not about Miss Winn. It
is about its author, whose identity
is quite apparent, and whose ori-
ginality is questionable.
We may be permitted to ask the
size of the clique for which the
story was written, because it most
certainly has little to offer the gen-
eral reader, who has no means at
his disposal to set the boundary
between fiction and fact. To tell
a joke on one's friends is an ad-
mirable activity, but to do it in The
Daily reveals only the flaccid taste
both of the author and of the edi-
And we may also ask whether
the inordinate interest in names
and places of Eastern Europe
shown in Daily features has not
become just a bit squalid.
-William R. McIntyre
The Red Issue
To the Editor:
TN RECENT editorials Cal Samra

Communist leaders guilty of overt
criminal acts. However, a study of
the Smith Act indictments, and
the evidence presented in the
trials, will show that the defend-
ants were not charged with overt
criminal acts; nor with conspiring
to commit specific crines; nor
with actually having taught and
advocated the doctrines forbidden
by the Smith Act (advocacy of
overthrow of government by force
and violence.)
The Government's case against
the Communists is based on the
word of professional informers
that Marxist theory entails that
at some time in the indefinite
future, the Communist Party will
advocate force and violence. From
this is derived the charge of "con-
spiring to teach and advocate." It
is a highly dubious interpretation
of Marxism, to say the least, and
one which the Communists them-
selves deny.
There is a very good reason why
the Government's case against the
Communist leaders must rest on
such a tenuous basis. There can
be no evidence that the Commun-
ist Party promotes criminal acti-
vities, or conspires to promote
same, because in fact it does no
such thing. The record of the
Communist Prty reveals activities
such as struggle agains racial dis-
crimination, criticism of foreign
policy, defense of civil liberties,
promotion of trade unionism,
teaching Marxist theory, advocat-
ing socialism-nothing more "sub-
versive" than that.
Of course, to certain members of
Congress we could name, such ac-
tivities are "subversive." Presum-
ably Mr. Samra would not go along
with that. But is he maintaining
that when pursued by Commun-e
ists, those activities become sub-
Mr. Samra believes that it is not
a crime to believe in Marxism.
What, then, is wrong with Marx-
ists getting together to organize
a political party?
-David R. Luce
Co-existence ...
To the Editor:
BOTH LENIN and Stalin have
said in effect, that the van-
guard alone cannot achieve world
revolution, but that the party must
make use of what they call "re-
serves." ("reserves" being broad-
ly, specific groups of people that
the Communists can use to do their
work for them. For example dur-
ing the period of the Hitler-Stalin
pact, the "reserves"-or at least
onegroup ofrthem-were the pro-
Hitler sympathizers in the United
States, which the Stalinists quickly
mass led in the program to keep
the United States out of the Euro-
pean conflict at all costs. Later,
after Hitler launched his Russian
invasion, and the Communist line
changed to one of anti-Fascism
instead of the previous pro-Fas-
cism, one group of the "reserves"
become those people in the United
States who had all along bitterly
hated Hitler, which people the.
Stalinists quickly mass led in the
program to get the United States
involved in the European conflict
at all costs.)
Who are the "reserves" today?
Those people who desire "peace,"
and who are mass led among the
Communist line .that "peace," will
be achieved by-such measures as
(1) disarmament of the United
States, or (2) certain territorial
concessions (i.e. Formosa, Indo-
China) to the Communists which
they blandly call their "legitimate
aspirations"-To the Communists
the whole world is their "legiti-
mate aspiration" - and nothing
less dw 1 f tt and e wil orge tis aour

peril. These concessions it is said
will "relieve the tension," and then
we will have "peace."
Let us look at the current Com-
munist line on "peace." May 1955
issue of 'Political Affairs' page 4
last para--"In the struggle against
Right-opportunism, of such trans-
cendent importance in the history
of the American labor and social-
ist movements, no one, of cour4,
has played so outstanding a role
as has Comrade Foster. His later
volume is notably right in its ex-
posure and refutation of this Right
Opportunism in all its major forms
and manifestations throughout the
last century" (The "right oppor-
tunism" alluded to, of course being
'revisionism'-or the party sin- of
no longer seeing the necessity of
violent overthrow of capitalist
June issue of "Political Affairs"
page 12 second para entitled "role
of the Left" (in the UAW)-"For
this purpose also a strengthened
functioning Communist Party or-
ganization is needed that can avoid
Right-opportunist as well as "Left"
sectarian errors" (Translation to
English - "Right opportunist" -
n- nhnr- .'T -f+1,, on ..uin a is



r .

Associated Press News Analyst
1 HE UNITED STATES had two reasons for
being shocked when the French suggested
at Geneva that international control of mili-
tary production might be obtained through
checks on national budgets.
1. The general idea already has been put
forward by the Russians in UN disarmament
discussions and turned down by the West.
2. There is no way of comparing dollar,
pound and franc expenditures with rubles.
Western experts who study the Russian bud-
get carefully every year find that many ex-
penditures are expressed in terms of percent-
ages of former figures, the original figures not
being given.
The value of the ruble itself is variable and
virtually undiscoverable. The government-fixed
if usual rules of evaluation were applied, it
value is 25 cents. New York bankers guess that
would be more like 8 or 10 cents.
For Russia, the only way to tell what she 'is
The Daily Staff
Managing Editors ., .., ................... Cal Samra
Jim Dygert
Mary Lee Dingier, Marge Piercy, Ernest Theodossin
Dave Rorabacher.........................Sports Editor
Busines Saf

doing would be to put controls on a quantita-
tive basis, and this would require a system
of international inspection.


The whole thing, though irritating to
United States delegation at Geneva, does
appear to bee too serious. Monday was a
of broad general statements and putting
Men in, Shadow


Labour hopes that it has found a new recipe
-Bevan without Bevanism. Mr. Bevan hav-
ing lifted his boycott of the Shadow Cabinet,
Labour MPs have voted him back on to it, but
in the company of two of the Right Wing's
toughest strong arm men, Mr. George Brown
and Mr. Stokes. Out of the full Shadow Cabinet
of eighteen, Mr. Bevan can count on the active
support of only Mr. Wilson and Mr. Greenwood,
and probably the benevolent neutrality of Mr.
Atlee; the Right Wing's new bulldogs will be
watching Mr. Attlee as closely as Mr. Bevan,
even if they do not snap quite so loudly at his
throat. When the crucial issues arise, the new
Shadow Cabinet therefore seems destined to be
faced with a choice between procrastination and
discord. One of the chief virtues of the changes
is that the new committee is more likely than
the old one to risk a row rather than to fall
back on fatuous compromise. To Mr. Brown,
in particular, rows are the spice of political
In all, six of the eighteen Shadow Cabinet
places have changed hands. Gone are Mr.

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-
tive notice to all members of the Uni-
versity. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication (be-
for 10 a.m. on Saturday.) Notice of
lectures, concerts and organization
meetings cannot be published oftener
than twice.
Faculty Night - Women's Swimming
Pool. Due to the crowded conditions at
the swimming pool, it will be necessary
to make some minor changes in the
Fri. evening hours. The cooperationof
the faculty is asked in keeping to the
following schedule:
Families with small children (under
8 years of age) - 6:30-8:30 p.m.
Other faculty families - 8:00-9:30
This will insure a safe and pleasant
swim for everyone and will permit the
Department of Physical Education for
Women to continue this program.
Arizona Society for Crippled Children
& Adults, Inc., announces opening for
Speech Therapist with B.S. in Speech
with emphasis on Correction.
City of Alpena, Michigan, offers posi-
tion to a Civil Engineer in the City
Engineer's Office and to a man with
apppropriate training to supervise the
operation of the Water Filtration Plant
and Sewage Disposal Plant.

Gen'l Telephone Co., Muskegon, Mich.,
is looking for two young men for
trainee positions.. Immediate applica-
tions are requested and interviews will
be arranged In either Muskegon or
Ann Arbor. The General Telephone
Company services a large part, of west-
ern and northern Michigan.
For appointments contact the Bureau
of Appointments, 3528 Admin. Bldg.,
Ext. 371.
Linguistic Forum. Francis J. Whit-
field, University of California, will
speak on "A Glossematic Approach to
Language" Thurs., July 21, at 7:30 p.m.
in Aud. C. Angell Hall.
French Club lecture by Mr. Politzer,
visiting professor from Harvard Uni-
versity. Thurs., July 21, at 7:30 p.m.
at the Michigan League. "J. J. Rousseau
and - Language Education." Prof. Polit-
zer will speak in English.
Academic Notices
Seminar in Applied Mathematics will
meet Thurs., July 21, at 4:00 p.m. in
Room 247 West Engineering. John S.
Klein will speak on "Hankel Trans-
Doctoral Examination for Herman
Hollis Bozeman, Education; thesis: "At-
titudes of Selected Racial Leadership
Organizations toward Educational Pol-
icies and Practices for Negroes During
the Twentieth Century," Thurs., July
21, 4024 University High School, at 4:00
p.m. Chairman, C. A. Eggertsen.
Department of Classical Studies: All
membes of t+e den.tmen .tn --



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