THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SATURDAY, JULY 19, 1952
I (4itc'P4 lOte
By LEONARD GREENBAUM
THE NEW GI Bill for veterans of the Kor-
ean War will be a bonanza for the Uni-
versity and similar large, state supported
schools, but it will prove a handicap to the
small, private colleges.
Why the new GI Bill will aid one type
of educational institution to the detri-
ment of another lies in a rather vital
change between this bill and that put into
effect after World War II.
Under the last GI bill, the government
paid single veterans a monthly living allot-
ment of $65 and footed the bill for tuition
and books with a $500 a semester ceiling on
the total amount.
Under the new GI bill, however, the sin-
gle veteran will get a lump sum of $110 a
month out of which he must pay for his
tuition, books, and living expenses.
Whatever he can save on tuition will
go into his own pocket, whereas under
the old GI Bill the difference stayed nth
The amount that a veteran can gain for
his own upkeep by going to the big state
Universities rather than to a small privat-
ely endowed school is rather impressive.
The average annual tuition for private
schools during 1952-53 year will be $408
with the highs running to $800. Public sup-
ported schools, however, have an annual
average tuition of $124.
When living expenses are added in, the
benefit of going to a public-supported school
is conclusive. The average annual cost of
tuition, room, board and fees at a private
-school is $1255 while at a public school it
Simple addition and subtraction by vet-
erans will bring them flocking to the big,
cement sidewalked Universities.
For this campus the influx of veterans will
have several beneficial aspects and but one
For students it will mean a return of the
post-war political and social awareness that
has degenerated into panty raids.
For the University it will mean added
revenues through increased enrollment. The
veterans of World War II were a main fac-
tor in boosting University registration to a
record high of 21,363 in 1948-49. Last fall,
with most of the veterans gone, enrollment
had dropped to 17,226. In asking the State
Legislature for more funds in 1951, one of
the arguments advanced was that the Uni-
versity had lost revenue when the veterans
The veteran influx will also justify the
dormitory expansion program that saw
an eight story, 1,000man South Dorm rise
up, and women moved into the men's East
Quad because of a lack of males and a
surplus of women.
The bad part of the veteran increase,
however, is that the University, rather than
growing larger could stand to shrink some-
what and concentrate on quality rather
than quantity. The lack of personal, in-
dividual contact is the unsolvable fault of
the state institutions.
As far as veterans will be concerned,
however, the demand will be for the giant-
sized, economical education. The ivy-cov-
ered schools will be left to the young 'uns.
THE GHOST OF MRS. MUIR with
Rex Harrison and Gene Tierney.
T HE ROMANCE story, as it turns up in
most slick weaklies and the women's
magazines, has always seemed to me to be a
rather indiscriminate sort of thing, exist-
ing in that limbo between sincere tragedy
and sharp-edged comedy or satire. It is gen-
erally an effective medium for purposes of
entertainment, since a little of everything-
pathos, wit, or what have you-may be
thrown in without fear of debasing the mix-
ture. Often, however, the writer seems too in-
terested in getting his proportions right to
note whether or not what is being said has
any merit. And it becomes a matter of tim-
The Ghost and Mrs. Muir is the film
version of such a story, having as a gim-
mick the idea of a pretty, lonely young
widow falling in love with the ghost of a
sea captain. It isn't hard to excuse this
behavoir, with Rex Harrison playing the
very un-ghostlike captain; further, it isn't
hard to imagine the by-play which must
result from such a relationship. Through-
out the first part of the picture, Harrison
immense and satisfying bravado makes the
character come as much to life as the
scenario permits. He realizes the impov-
erished condition of Mrs. Muir (Gene Tier-
ney) and dictates a book to her called
"Blood and Swash," the story of his life.
When the impracticality of their love af-
fair becomes evident, it also becomes evi-
dent that some stalling must be done to make.
the story come out all right in the end. Mrs.
Muir had an abortive love affair with a fel-
low who writes children's books under the
name of Uncle Neddie, and then merely
mopes around the house until she is seventy
years old. As might be imagined, this serves
to slow up the plot rather badly.
I couldn't help thinking, as I watched this
Nixon Is A lmost Frivolous
Choice for Vice President
"iIow-I rty Of TIeM YouiWant PriunedUp?"
NEW YORK-As a man potentially one
heartbeat from the presidency of the
United States in these perilous times, Sena-
tor Nixon of California is almost a frivolous
choice for vice president.
The Dewey forces put him over on the
battle-worn delegates in the smoothest
operation of the convention because his
political assets are real, readily recogniz-
able and easily grasped.
California is geographically perfect. Un-
derneath his internationalist overlay, Gen-
eral Eisenhower is a Kansas Republican, as
his campaign will increasingly show. (He
keeps Senator Carlson of Kansas and Sea-
ton of Nebraska with him because he is com-
fortable with them. If he were a Harvard
man, he'd prefer Senator Saltonstall of
He is still the candidate of the eastern
internationalists-which is not to say the
puppet-who saw in him their chance to
beat Senator Taft. They picked him, gave
him money, press and astute direction; their
judgment of the times they live in proved
This ruled out another eastern inter-
nationalist on the ticket of whom one, at
least, Senator Saltonstall, far outdistances
the Senate freshman, Mr. Nixon, in the
affection and esteem of his colleagues. It
disposed of the only pursuer of the
vice-presidency amid the din, Governor
Driscoll of New Jersey.
Senator Nixon is a sharp and attractive
campaigner with experience of the issues in
the House and Senate. It is a brief experi-
ence and he attempted no leadership; his
name is on no legislation except a subver-
Noticeably, however, he recognized that a
man's record in congress stays with him.
He built one that he can take to the coun-
try. It is that of a moderate internationalist.
If it contains no crusades, it contains few
clinches and none of the spitefulness or
pettiness that too often was the recent rule.
He therefore will be invaluable in Gen-
eral Eisenhower's most thorny tack-the
problem of electing a Republican congress,
especially the Senate. The geographic dis-
tribution of the Senate, one-third up this
fall, will make it hard, under the best of
circumstances, for Republicans to gain
control. In addition, the one-third in-
cludes the meat-crisis class of 1946-Sen-
ators McCarthy, Jenner, Malone, Kem, et
al.--who in no way fit the Eisenhower
No Ike senator can easily thread his way
through this sector; Senator Nixon is at
least personally noncontroversial.
That he was Alger Hiss's nemesis serves
two purposes. He took in too much territory
in his campaign on the subversive issue
against Rep. Helen Gahagan Douglas, for
which liberals do not forgive him. Nonethe-
less, in contrast to McCarthy, he tracked
down real quarry, earning the right to speak,
and he is armed with real ammunition.
That his vital role in the Hiss case was
designed to intimidate Governor Steven-
son of Illinois, the ablest Democrat with-
in present reach of the nomination, also
seems probable. Politicos unanimously at-
tribute this aspect to Governor Dewey, in-
sisting he would think of that.
Republicans also believe that Senator Nix-
on will attract women voters in somewhat
the same way Senator Kefauver obviously
has. Governor Dewey was able to testify of
his own knowledge that various New York
women influential in his party admire the
Californian and say that women generally
will vote for him.
Governor Dewey naturally has thought
always that young politicians were as able
as old ones, especially the G.O.P. old guard.
A quiet dissatisfaction with the Nixon no-
mination still exists in some Republican
circles, apart from the Taft camp, which
would have liked to name the vice president.
These dissenters argue that, smart as he
is, Governor Dewey traded away themoral
victory of the convention for ephemeral
tactical advantages. They would have pre-
ferred a nomination from outside Wash-
ington and all its influences, a clean break
with the past. They distrust Senator Nix-
on as an expedient politician; he is, they,
think, too clever.
When, they ask, cogently, will conventions
learn that vice presidents do become presi-
dents, since not even the example of Harry
Truman was able to teach them?
(Copyright, 1952, by the Bell Syndicate)
£ j: itl i
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DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Need for Compromise
The cry of "No compromise" is not an
easy one to sympathize with even when it
comes from such distinguished legislators
as New York's Herbert Lehman and Minne-
sota's Hubert Humphreys.
The dominent motif in American legisla-
tive history is progress through compromise.
Our entire party system is held together by
the willingness of individuals wth common
basic outlooks and differences of opinion
on many particulars to find a common
ground on which they all can stand.
When compromise is abandoned the in-
evitable result is either the loss of democ-
racy by having the will of one side forcibly
prevail or the inefficiency that character-
izes nations with many obstinate political
parties. In view of these considerations the
willfullness of both Northern and South-
ern Democrats exemplified by Senator Leb-
man's no-compromise-on-civil-rights state-
ment of a few days ago is not encouraging
either for the Democratic Party or for the
The ironic feature of this intra-party
struggle is that it is concerned with wheth-
er or not the convention should do what
would amount to only an empty gesture.
The Lehman-Humphreys faction insists
that the Democratic platform include the
advocacy of a compulsory federal FEPC act
with jail sentence penalties for violators.
The South is opposed to any such plank.
In 1948 the Northern 'liberals' had their
way and the FEPC plank was included in
the party platform. Despite four years of
a Democratic Congress and White House
no action on FEPC legislation was taken.
The opposition to compulsory, federal, jail
sentence FEPC is too strong and will con-
tinue to be too strong for a long time to come
for such a measure to become law.
The only way statutes will be passed fur-
thering the emancipation of minority groups
is if the principle of compromise is adhered
to. An ideal compromise proposal was of-
fered to the party by old-time New Deal
congressman Brooks Hays of Arkansas. The
Brooks Hays proposal calls for a national
anti-lynching law, a constitutional amend-
ment outlawing the poll tax and a voluntary
federal FEPC law coordinated with state
FEPCs and an educational program con-
ducted by the Department of Labor.
The advantages of such a plank would be
twofold-it would hold the party together
and would stand a chance of actual passage
by Congress. It would not contitute retro-
gressing from the 1948 platform for the lat-
ter's FEPC plank was merely an empty
gesture while the Brooks Hays proposal
would stand a chance of becoming law.
If the Democrats are to take advantage of
the folly of the Republicans in succombing
to internal strife and not make the GOP
disagreement look 'like a tea party' many
among them should recognize the necessity
of compromise and abandon their wide-eyed
pleas for the impossible.
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-
tive notice to all members of the
University. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3510
Administration Building before 3 p.m.
the day preceding publcation (11 a.m.
Lane Hall will be open evenings dur-
the Democratic National Convention for
the television broadcasts. All interested
faculty and students are welcome.
School of Business Administration:
Students from other Schools and Co
leges intending to apply for admission
for the fall semester should secure ap-
plication forms in Room 150, School of
Business Administration, as soon as
Sociedad Hispanica. Tuesday, July 22,
8 p.m., East Conference Room, Rack-
ham Building, Mr. E. Gallo will deliver
a lecture, in Spanish, on Picasso. Il-
lustrations by means of colored slides.
Ex-Occupational personnel, EUCOM,
FAC, Overseas Teachers, DACS, etc. will
meet for dinner in the Michigan League
Conference Room, opposite the Cafe-
teria on Monday, July 21 from 5:30
to 7:15. If possible, telephone 3-1511,
Ext. 360 to make reservations.
Cerle Francais: The Cercle Francais
of the Summer Session meets every
Wednesday evening at 8 o'clock in the
Henderson Room of the Michigan
League. The meetings offer a varied
program of songs, games and short
talks in French on topics of general
interest, as well as the opportunity for
informal conversation and recreation.
All students, faculty members, and
summer residents who are interested
in France and things French are cor-
dially invited to participatein any or
all of the activities of the Cercle.
Closing hour for women students at-
tending theyCollegium Musicum,
Wednesday, July 16, 1952 will be no
later than 11:00 p.m.
Law school Admission Test: Apnlica-
tion blanks for the Law School Admis-
sion Test to be given on August 9,
may be obtained at 110 Rackham Build-
ing. These application blanks are due
in Princeton, New Jersey, not later
than July 30, 1952.
Syposium on Heat Transfer. "Heat
Transfer with Boiling and Forced Con-
vection." W. M. Rohsenow. 10:00 a.m.,
311 West Engineering Building.
Sessions in Rackham Amphitheater:
"Speech Therapy for thiiten with
Cerebral Palsy," Harold Westlake, Presi-
dent, American Speech and Hearing
Association; Director, Speech and Hear-
ing Clinic,, Northwestern University.
"Wanted-A Renaissance in Ameri-
can Theatre," Barnard Hewitt, Vice-
President, American Education Thea-
ter Association; Associate Director, Il-
linois Theater Guild, University of Il-
linois, 10:00-11:00 a.m.
"The Teacher of Rhetoric in a Suc-
cessful Democracy," J. Garber Drushal,
Executive Secretary, Central State
Speech Association; Director of For-
ensics, The College of Wooster. 11:00-
Luncheon: "Truth Through Personal-
ity"; Lionel G. Crocker, President,
Speech Association of America; Chair-
man, Department of Speech, Denison
University. 12:15 p.m. Michigan Union
Doctoral Examination for Rex Harry
White, Jr., Mechanical Engineering;
thesis: "An Investigation of the Ef-
fects of Extreme Low Temperatures
upon Cold Starting of' Spark Ignition
Engines Using Standard Gasoline,"
Monday, July 21, 201B West Engineering
Annex, at 2:00 p.m. Chairman, J. A.
The results from the language exam-
ination for the Master's Degree in His-
tory are posted in the History Office.
Universit of Mihigan Wodwind
noon, July 20, in Hill Auditorium, the
first of two recitals scheduled for the
summer. It will open with Three Chor-
ales by Franck, followed by Brahm's
Chorale Prelude, "0 Welt, ich muss
dich lassen," and Reger's Fantasia and
Fugue in D minor. The general public
Museum of Art. The artist's view-
point. July 8-28.
General Library. Books which have
influenced the modern world.
Museum of Archaeology. Ancient
Egypt and Rome of the Empire.
Museums Building.qRotunda exhibit.
Some museum techniques.
Michigan Historical Collections, 160
Rackham Building. The changing Cam-
Clements Library. American books
which have influenced the modern mind
(through September 1).
Architecture Building. Student work.
Beacon Picnic today. Leave main en-
trance of the League at 1:30 for
I'land Lake Park. Return 7:30-8:00. Ev-
eryone is welcome.
Classical Coffee Hour. Students in
the Classics and others who are inter-
ested will be the guests of the Museum
staff at the Museum of Archaeology
on Tuesday, July 22, at 4 p.m.
The Graduate Outing Club will meet
at the northwest cornor of the Rack-
ham Building, Sunday, 2 p.m. Swim-
ming, games and picnic supper. Those
who have cars bring them.
Band Conductors Conference. July 21-
Intercultural Education Conference.
IT IS INTERESTING to see that
not only the Great Powers but
the Swiss too may be having diffi-
culties with their rearmament pro-
gramme. The "Gazette de Iau-
sanne" suggests that the Federal
Government's present emergency
programme designed to end in
1955 will not be completed on time.
Swiss industry, like the British
and American, has not been able
to deliver at the rate originally
Now that it is becoming hard-
er to sell on the international
market it will be increasingly
difficult to cut into engineering
exports and the obstacles to a
higher rhythm of arms produc-
tion are likely to remain. Atlan-
tic rearmament itself is retard-
ing the Swiss in what is probab-
ly the most vital part of their
re-equipment: armour. Swiss
military theory has given up
the war-time conception of de-
fending the Alpine "redoubt"
and its valuable mountain passes
in favour of a "defence in depth"
of the rich northern plateau,
Mobile armoured forces are es-
sential to such a strategy.
The Swiss at one time hoped to
obtain British Centurions. But
now every major producer needs
its weapons to keep up with its
own programmes. Lacking sup-
pliers the Swis experts have not
apparently been able to decide
what kind of tanks they will re-
quire and from whom. They may
not be able to get deliveries from
any source before 1954. A contract
i ON THE
WITH DREW PEARSON
Drew Pearson says: SPEAKER SAM RAYBURN, MOST POPU-
LAR MAN IN CONGRESS, IS RELUCTANT CANDIDATE;
EISENHOWER'S CRACK ABOUT FRENCH RELIGION WAS
CABLED TO FRANCE IMMEDIATELY; VIEWS OF PRESI-
DENTIAL CANDIDATE MUST BE STUDIED, NOT SUP-
(Ed. Note-The Pearson diagnosis of candidates in the wide-open
Democratic race continues today with the spotlight on Sam Rayburn.)
CHICAGO-If a popularity vote were taken in the House of
Representatives, the winner among the Democrats-perhaps even
among the Republicans-would be an egg-bald gentleman from
Texas who presides over the House with an iron hand, and who
is affectionate referred to as "Sam."
Speaker Sam Rayburn would be the ideal candidate for the
Democratic ticket today if he were ten years younger. Just past
his 70th birthday, however, Sam is not an active candidate,
though if his friends had their way, he would be.
It has now been almost 40 years since Sam came up from the
Texas prairies to sit in Congress. That was in 1913, during the admin-
istration of Woodrow Wilson. Sam has seen two great wars since
then. He has weathered the Republican victories that swept many
of his Democratic colleagues out of office. He has helped write
legislation for six different Presidents.
And through it all he has still kept his integrity, -his idealism,
and his sense of humor.
CORNERSTONE OF NEW DEAL
MOST PEOPLE HAVE FORGOTTEN IT, but Sam Rayburn was
responsible for writing most of the legislative cornerstone of
the New Deal-the laws which no Republicans are likely to wipe
off the books.
Few men in the past century can equal that record.
As chairman of the Interstate Commerce Committee, it was
Sam's ;ob to push through the Truth-in-Securities Act and the
Securites and Exchange Commission which cleaned up Wall
Street; the Holding Corporation Act which broke up some of the
big utility combines; plus rural electrification, and the Federal
Few men in the past century can equal that record.
Friends who have talked to "Mr. Democrat" about running
for president don't get much encouragement. On the contrary,
Sam talks seriously of retiring from Congress altogether.
His chief dream is to build a library in his home town, Bonhan,
Texasi He has already raised part of the money for the project, has
collected an old mantelpiece from the White House when it was
remodeled, and gathered together an assortment of gavels he
used in presiding over joint sessions of Congress when addressed
by Queen Elizabeth, Winston Churchill, General MacArthur, General
Eisenhower, and others.
Sam has also made arrangements to take his congressional
desk back home from Washington, and wants to set up an
exact replica of his speaker's office.
There, surrounded by the laws which he helped to write, the
hearings has held, and the records of the debates he has argued,
Sam wants to sit and visit with the people he loves, and enjoy life.
EISENHOWER AND FRANCE
A NUMBER OF READERS have queried me as to what General
Eisenhower actually said about atheism in France and the disinte-
gration of the French moral fibre. They have also asked about the
propriety of publishing his remarks, for fear it would play into
The answer to question No. 1 is that the General, in talking
to the press and a group of delegates at Chicago on July 8, did
criticize France for its religious and moral attitude. The news-
papers did not invent his remarks. He volunteered them.
The answer to question No. 2 is that there wasn't the remotest
chance of hushing up the General's statement, since it was cabled to
France by the press associations and by Franch newsmen within a
matter of minutes. It was published in all the French newspapers
the same day.
For instance, here is the "bulletin" which International News
Service cabled to France:
and declared one of the reasons is that the French brag that they,
"Gen. Eisenhower said today France has 'gone astray' morally
are 50 per cent agnostic or atheist.
"He asserted France has reached the point where the moral fibre
"'One reason France has gone astray is that they brag that they
are 50 per cent agnostic or atheist.' "
Other cabled dispatches to France were similar.
SCRUTINIZING A CANDIDATE
THOSE WHO EXPRESSED the view that Eisenhower's statement
should have been suppressed or not commented upon apparently
forget two things:
1. It is not possible for the United States any longer to live
ostrichlike with our heads in the sand. As the most powerful
country in the world, what our leaders do or say is cabled immedi-
ately to every part of the world.
2. One of the most important reasons for an election campaign is
to gauge and size-up the candidate. To do that is necessary to know
what he says, and what his judgment is regarding any and every im-
President Truman has been continually criticized, and rightly so,
for making off-the-cuff statements which affect our foreign rela-
tions. If Eisenhower is addicted to the same habit, then the American
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
The Iranian Premier
By J. M. ROBERTS, JR.
Associated Press News Analyst
IRAN'S NEW premier is literally staking
his life on his struggle to get the country
back into the oil business.
Ahmed Qavam's desire for good rela-
tions with Britain made his appointment
a direct challenge to the nationalist fan-
atics which already have used assassina-
tion-in the case of the late Premier Raz-
mara-as their chief political weapon.
Qavam's ascendancy represented a rout by
the Shah of Dr. Mohammed Mossadegh and
those who supported his demands for dic-
tatorial powers. Mossadegh finally cooked
his own goose when he demanded control of
the army, the one great source of power re-
maining to the Shah. He was believed ready
to cut the army to get funds to help meet
the crisis caused by the oil shutdown.
Nevertheless, Mossadegh's fanatical na-
tionalists still had overwhelming if ill-in-
formed public support, and Qavam had
been expected to move very circuimspec~tly
boldly-against a background of possible
violence and the great danger of assassi-
nation for Qavam-to take over the sit-
Instead of moving slowly, Qavam had
hardly been in office 24 hours when he put
out his first peace feeler to Britain. He
made solution of the oil problem the prime
objective of his administration.
The Shah moved even more rapidly to
give the new regime a curtain of physical
protection behind which to carry on its ne-
gotiations. Troops and police were mobilized
-disturbed areas of Iran have been under
martial law for some time-and immediate-
ly broke up two nationalist political clubs.
Anti-Qavam demonstrators were arrested.
Qavam acquired the name of Iran's
strong man when he directed the United
Nations fight which, with the aid of the
U.S. and Britain, forced Russian troops to
go home when they sought to extend into
peacetime their wartime cooperative oc-
public have a right to know it, in
The fact that this criticism of
an important ally came from a
man who had been working
daily among them, naturally
hurt-for several reasons. The
obvious one was that it gave
ammunition to the Communists.
But also important is the deli-
cate situation in France with
the Catholic leaders, who hap-
pen to be the best friends of
the United States and the most
vigorous opponents of Commun-
The leaders of the French gov-
ernment today belong to the
Catholic group. The statement
that 50 per cent of France is ag-
nostic or atheistic will be con-
strued by the enemies of the
Church as a reflection on the
Church, since France is officially
a Catholic country.
But perhaps equally important.
the Catholic group must have the
cooperation of the moderate, non-
Communist socialists and leftists
in order to stay in power.
On one side they face the
Communists, on the other side
the De Gaullists. Therefore, the
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Leonard Greenbaum Managing Editor
Ivan Kaye and Bob Margolin
..... ...-Co-Sports Editors
Nan Reganall . .... ..Women's Editor
Joyce Fickies.............. Night Editor
Harry Lunn ..........Night Editor
Marge Shepherd...........Night Editor
Virginia Voss..............Night Editor
Mike Wl........... ...Night Editor
Tom Treeger........Business Manager
C. A. Mitts.......Advertising Manager
Jim Miller..., ,. ,. .Finance Manager