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July 19, 1952 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1952-07-19

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EDITOR'S NOTE
See Page 2

aes i43
Latest Deadline in the State

Dal 11

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VOL. LXII, No. 189 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JULY 19, 1952

FOUR PAGES

Latest Truce
Effort Seen
NearFinish
Chinese Pound
Allied Positions
By the Associated Press
_' . MUNSAN, Korea, Saturday, Juy
19-The latest effort to reach a
armistice in Korea through secre
negotiations appeared to be near
ing an end today after more tha
two weeks of maneuvering.
Allied and Communist delegate
arranged to meet an Panmunjor
at 11 a.m. (9 p.m., Friday, CDT)
for the twelfth closed-door sessior
devoted to the bitter dispute ove
prisoner repatriation-the onl
barrier to an armistice.
NOTHING was announced afte
Thursday's 41-minute session, and
there was nothing to encourage
hopesfor a quick settlement.
The Peiping Communist radio
yesterday showed rising heat in
its propaganda blasts at Amer-
ica. It had been somewhat sub-
dued in its charges during the
past days of the secret armistice
sessions. The Reds charged that
the planes flew over northeast
China 489 times between July 12
and 16.
On the fighting front Chines
infantry and artillery pounde
away all day and night yesterda3
at the Allied defenders of "Old
Baldy," a pivotal hill on the Kor-
ean western front.
An Allied officer at the fron
described the Red shelling a
"quite intense," but could give n
detAils on the course of the battle
in the area west of Chorwon.
A drenching rain pelted the hill's
defenders and attackers.
The rain and overcast agair
hampered Allied aircraft yester-
day, cutting down fighter-bombei
strikes in North Korea and in sup-
port of the old baldy battle.
Eighteen B-26 light bombers
plus Thunderets and Mustang
fighter bombers did manage to hit
the Reds on the front.
Chiang Says
Coastal Block
Not Dangerous
TAIPEH, Formost-MP-Pres-
dent Chiang Kai-Shek of Nation-
alist China said yesterday he does
not think a positive step against
Red China such as a blockade of
the Chinese coast would provoke
another World War.
The Nationalists do not need
foreign manpower to recover
China from the Reds, Chiang said.
But he added that his forces need
and are entitled to claim "other
necessary assistance" .
What steps could in your opin-
ion be taken by the free world
to halt Communist expansion in
the Far East?
"The free world should relin-
quish whatever illusions . they
might have regarding the Com-
munist regime," Chiang replied.
"Effective and prompt steps should
be taken so that the free world
may achieve unity of purpose and
action in the Far East."
Do you think positive steps such
as United Nations or American,
British and French blockade of
Communist China would provoke
war? Do you think a blockade
would cause Russia to aid Red
China under the terms of the Mos-
cow-Peiping treaty?
"My answers to both these ques-

tions are in the negative," Chiang
said.
"In my view all actions of the
Kremlin will be based on the cal-
culation that they will strengthen
the position of Soviet Russia 'as
the 'motherland of international
Communism.' 1
Justice North
Seriousl Ill,
Associate Justice Walter H.
North of the Michigan Supreme
Court was reported in "serious"
condition by University Hospital
authorities early this morning.
The 80-year-old jurist was ad-
mitted July 8, but hospital attaches
did not disclose the nature of his
ailment. Justice North has served
on the Court since 1927.

VISITING-Shot Putter Jim Fuchs of the United States Olympic
team shows his injured hand to Nina Dumbadse, Russia's cham-
pion discus thrower at Helsinki, Finland. Fuchs was visiting the
Otaneimi camp where the Soviet athletes are quartered.
1952 Olympic Games
Open_ Toa in Helsinki

HELSINKI-(A')-The 15th mo-
dern Olympic Games, bringing to-
gether the largest number of the
world's athletes since the ancient
Greek games were revived at Ath-
ens in 1896, begins officially to-
day.
Iran Leader
Pled ges Oil
Settlement
Tehran, Iran-(A')-Premier Ah-
med Qavam pledged yesterday to
get a friendly settlement of the
British-Iranian oil problem or re-
sign-and advised Iranian trouble-
makers to stay out of his way.
"I warn everybody that the per-
iod of disorder and uprisings is
over," said- the veteran rightist
statesman who replaced national-
ist Mohammed Mossadegh in the
premiership Thursday.
Qavam issued a communique
on his aims as troops and police
arrested several nationalist dem-
onstrators shouting fo~r his death
and occupied two pro-Mossadegh
political clubs. The communique
was broadcast.
"Solving of this (oil) problem
will be one of my most important
efforts so that the moral and ma-
terial interests of Iran will be com-
pletely secured, without the slight-
est rift in good relations between
the two countries," Qavam said.

For the next two weeks, 5,870
of the."world's great amateur ath-
letes from 70 nations will partici-
pate in 17 sports events, before the
sacred Olympic flame finally is
extinguished Aug. 3.
JUHO K. PAASIKIVI, President
of the Finnish Republic, will of-
ficially proclaim the games open
today at 1 p.m. (6 a.m. EST) when
the giant parade of men and wo-
men athletes takes place in the
70,000-seat Olympic stadium.
The games are dedicated to
the youth of the world, a grand
get-together with the individual
gaining the laurels. Olympic
rules say no nation is the win-
ner,sbut box scores of how vari-
ous teams fare are kept to de-
termine the unofficial team
champion.
The Duchy of Liechtenstein
with its 13,000 population has the
smallest team, two cyclists, while
the millions of the United States
and Russia have sent the largest
squads. The U.S. has 334 athletes,
Russia nearly 400 as the Soviets
compete for the first time.
Naturally there is expectancy of
great rivalry between Russia and
the U.S., which usually has dom-
inated the games since 1896.
Following theopening ceremon-
ies, Finland meets Austria in soc-
cer football, and gymnastics com-
petition gets under way. But the
heavy program running about 12
hours daily won't start until Sun-
day.
Although originally a man's
show, 574 women athletes will
take part.

Government
May Take
Over Steel
Draft Law Backs
Federal Seizure
By The Associated Press'
WASHINGTON-A new Federal
move to seize part of the strike-
bound steel industry under the
draft law was reported under ser-
ious consideration at the White
House yesterday.
At the same time, Price Stabi-
lizer Ellis Arnall turned down a
petition by the Weirton Steel
Company for a $5.50 price rise. A
good deal of confusion arose over
just how final that was.
ARNALL said the limit under
the Capehart Amendment was
$2.84 a ton, and said the steel
companies were not entitled to
any more.
But other Government offi-
cials, in a higher echelon than
Arnall, appeared entirely re-
signed to granting an increase
around $5 when a settlement in
the 47-day-old steel strike is
finally reached.
Reports of impending White
House action to take over some
steel mills under the 1948 Select-
ive Service Act persisted without
official denial.
THE ACT permits seizure under
certain emergency conditions.
A high government official,
commenting on possible seizure
action, put it this way: "The sit-
uation is so desperate that we
must do something." -
This official, who refused use
of his name, said the justice de-
partment was drawing up legal
papers as a basis for seizing a
small portion of the industry under
the 1948 act..
It would apply to mills produc-
ing special steel for such defense
items as guns, bullets, tankq.
Workers in the affected plants
presumably would be barred from
striking against the Government
as the temporary operator of the
mills.
Meanwhile in Detroit, the Ford
Motor Co., the only big auto pro-
ducer which make a large share
of its own steel, announced yes-
terday that it will reopen its 15
Ford assembly plants across the
nation next week.
Truman Signs
Compensation
Expansion Bill
WASHINGTON-(P)-President
Truman yesterday signed. legisla-
tion providing for a 540 million
dollar a year expansion of Social
Security benefits.
Truman called the measure "an
important landmark in the pro-
gress of our Social Security sys-
tem."
THE PRESIDENT, however, ex-
pressed deep regret at what he
called "one drawback"-Congres-
sional failure to "take proper ac-
tion to preserve the old-age and
survivors insurance rights of per-
sons who become permanently and
totally disabled."
The new program provides
that: About 42 million retired
persons will have their monthly
Social Security payments in-

creased by $5 or 122 per cent,
whichever is greater, effective
after September 1;
And almost 31/2 million recipi-
ents of public assistane-the aged,
blind, totally disabled and de-
pendent children-will share in a
300 million dollar boost in the
Federal Government's grants to
the states for such prograns.
The act calls for a $5 boost in
monthly payments for the aged
and disabled to begin October 1
and run for two years; and this
amount would be doubled if the
Federal grant is matched by the
states.
HST Shakes
Off Infection
WASHINGTON-(ff)-President

To

Try

for,

Nomination;

Candidates

Court

Lor
abor
CIO, AFL
Unions May
Join Forces
} Groups Consider
Estes, Harriman
By The Associated Press
CHICAGO -- The big mystery
man of the approaching Democra-
tic National Convention, Gov. Ad-
lai Stevenson of Illinois, last
night rejected another plea that
he try for the party's Presidential
nomination.
Two men who do want the nom-
ination, Sen. Estes Kefauver and
Mutual Security Director Averell
Harriman, held a conference. So
did some of their lieutenants.
HARRIMAN confirmed that
much but insisted there were "no
deals."
The only purpose, he told re-
porters, was to push for liberal
ideas at the Convention that
opens Monday. That goes, Har-
riman indicated for the seating
of pro-administration delega-
tions from Texas and Mississip-
pi.
Stevenson stuck to his guns
on the Presidential nomination
through a two-hour session with
Illinois Democratic leaders who
tried to talk him into changing
his mind.
* * *
COOK COUNTY Democratic
Chairman Joseph L. Gill told re-
porters: "We urged the Governor
to reconsider his position without
success. He still asked us to re-
spect his wishes and not do any

Adlai

Stevenson

Refuses

FIRST VOTERS-Part of the large Ann Arbor delegation of the First Time Voters Club of Mich-
igan is shown prior to their departure yesterday for the Democratic Convention in Chicago.
First Time Voters Leave for Chicago

By HARRY LUNN
A large, enthusiastic delegation
from the Ann Arbor chapter of the
First Time Voters Club of Michi-
gan left yesterday for the Demo-
cratic Convention at Chicago.
Representing scores of Ameri-
can youth who will cast their first
votes in the fall presidential elec-

tion, the group will interview the
major candidates for the Demo-
cratic nomination within the next
few days.
* * *
RESULTS of the talks will en-
able them to decide who the best
possible Democratic nominee would
be. Then they plan to send their

New GI Bill Won't Start Era,
But Enrollment Will Increase

AMUSEMENT LEVY:
Judge To Rev eal Tax
Proposal Ruling Today
The question of whether the city of Ann Arbor will be allowed to
place a ten per cent amusement tax proposal on the Aug. 5 ballot will
By JOHN HUBBS
be decided today.
Circuit Judge Archie D. McDonald of Hastings said in a tele..
phone interview yesterday that his opinion in the Butterfield The-
atres suit against the city will reach the clerk's office this morning.
FRED. J. LOOKER, Ann Arbor city clerk, said he was "in the
dark" as far as knowing whether the amusement tax proposal will
be on the Aug. 5 election ballot.
The Butterfield Theatre Cor-
M ighty Blast poration is trying to enjoin the
city from placing thissproposal
W r ck lan on the ballot, Loker said.
W reeks Plant., The proposed tax was defeated
in the Apr. 7 election and has been
" , brought up as an amendment to
ui'res Three "St f"".
Inj u es hree the city charter for the Aug. 5
election. The Butterfield Thea-
REDWOOD CITY, Calif.-(P) altrescontend that the city cannot
An electric furnace melting downl adena entedatgr
a ton of magnesium castings blew amendment on the ballot again
up with a mighty roar and a tre- for two years.
mendous flash of fire yesterday. THE CITY counters that the
The thunderous blast collapsed present proposal is different from
a big corrugated aluminum build- the defeated proposition in that
ing and seriously burned three it seeks specific authority to im-
workmen. pose a ten per cent tax on enter-
Two other workmen at the Se- tainment admissions of 26 cents
quoia metal crafts plant in near- or more; and that, unlike the de-
by San Carlos were blown bodily feated April proposal, it does not
out of the building, bruised but ask -additional authority to levy

The new billion-dollar GI Bill\
for Korean veterans is not likely
to start an era on campus like
the World War II plan did, but
predictions are that it will cause
a substantial enrollment increase.
According to President Harlan
H. Hatcher, the new veteran's bill
passed Wednesday by President
Truman has been given a lot of
study by educators. They are
agreed, he said, that it is a "bet-
ter overall approach" to veteran
education than the World War II
bill.
It is hard to tell at this point
how much enrollment will jump
forward with the new bill, but it
is "bound to increase," President
Hatcher stated.
ALMOST a year prior to the
passage of the bill for Korean vet-
erans, an era ended on college
campuses with the deadline for
education under the World War
II plan.
University educators at that
time agreed that the period had
been the most stimulating and
beneficial in the history of high-
er learning.

Statistically, 2,350,000 veterans
received college training under the
Bill from 1944 to 1951, a total of
25,000 of them at the University.
Enrollment jumped from a pre-
war high of 12,000 to a soaring
21,000 in 1947.
Housing became one of the
biggest problems University ad-
ministrators had yet had to
face. The still flourishing Wil-
low Village, a temporary defense
housing project, was crowded
with thousands of married and
single students.
Classrooms and dormitories
were frantically expanded and
new facilities had to be built.
* * * 2
OTHER THAN the physical ex-
pansion of the University com-
munity, the returning GI's de-
manded a revisal of educational
systems and renewed interest in
extra-curricular activities.
But despite the overcrowding
and the inconvenience, adminis-
trators and educators were agreed
that the GI bill had been benefi-
cial in producing a more mature,
serious-minded student body,

home delegates telegrams urging
them to vote for the candidate.
The strictly non-partisan or-
ganization is interested in hav-
ing excellent candidates run-
ning for both parties in order to
insure a good selection for the
electorate. They believe the Re-
publicans picked the strongest
possible GOP slate, and want the
Democrats to choose equally out-
standing aspirants.
Feeling that "America's strength
is in her youth," the members are
dedicated to increasing the im-
portance of young voters in state
and national politics.
Recently the group adopted a
twelve point program which the
candidates will be questioned
about,
THE MEMBERSHIP supports
equal participation of women in
politics, construction of the St.
Lawrence Seaway, statehood for
Alaska and Hawaii, the vote for
18 year old citizens and a "con-
structive, forward looking" foreign
policy.
They also favor greater under-
standing between labor and
management, lower taxes, vol-
untary National Health Insur-
ance, a "co-operative civil rights
program," "progressive national
economy" coupled with a phil-
osophy of "sound enterprise," a
"concrete defense program" and
"realistic farm policies."
Any interested "first voters" can
write the president at 906 Green-
wood in Ann Arbor for further in-
formation on the club's activi-
ties. There are no membership fees
or dues.

THIRD PARTY SURVEY:

ADLAI STEVENSON
. . . rejects party plea
thing to further his candidacy.
We can't get him to change his
position."
Stevenson arrived on the Con-
vention battleground yesterday
while other men who want the
nomination were courting or-
ganized labor and union leaders
sought roles of kingmaker. Some
labor spokesmen obviously would
like to push for Stevenson if he
would take the nomination.
The Illinois Governor said right
away he would ask the big Illinois
delegation not to nominate or vote
for him. But he ducked an out-
right answer to a question whether
he would take the nomination if
the Convention deadlocked and
the party banner were offered to
him.
*
AFL AND CIO leaders gather-
ing for the Democratic National
Convention, talked yesterday of
blending forces to support Averell
Harriman or Estes Kefauver, or
a ticket including both.
CIO President Philip Murray
came from Pittsburgh, cutting
off his steel strike talks; and
immediately plunged into a ser-
ies of conferences with CIO

'52

Socialist Party More Moderate

By MARGE SHEPERD
With Darlington Hoopes ad-
vancing the standard dropped by
Norman Thomas, the Socialist
Party will face the election bat-
tles this year with a moderate
program of traditional socialist re-
forms.
After running as the party pres-
idential candidate for six elec-
tions, Thomas refused the nomi-
nation this year, with his place go-
ing to the Quaker attorney from

Marked by mild squabbling,
unlike the bitter feuds that
once raged between the "con-
servative" and radical elements
of the party, the convention
adopted platform planks oppos-
ing conscription and advocating
a world-wide "peace" income
tax. Under the plan, all coun-
tries in the United Nations
would contribute to a pool to be
used for extensive "Point Four"
imnrovements.

Gradually some of these ideas
began to be accepted in this
country, with the Socialist Party
acting as a catalyst for the
movement, but never becoming
a direct force. Since the initia-
tion of New Deal reforms the
Party has steadily decreased in
power.
Never of any great vote-getting
strength, the party has not polled
more than the 919,000 votes re-

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