THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FRIDAY, JULY 18, 1952
TO CALL this the era of the investigator
in contemporary history would not take
much strain. Since the war, men like Tru-
man, Dewey, Kefauver, Nixon; Warren, Hal-
ley, Thomas Murphy, Ferguson, Potter, and
others have with devastating success em-
ployed the muck-rake to vault to positions
of political importance. While provocation
for "the new investigation" varies more
widely, day by day, the line of politicians
waiting for a turn to make their leap grows
In this light, it is not really surprising
to find the Jackson prison situation turn-
ing into a field day for the self-styled
sleuths.Transcripts of the questions
asked and answers given concerning it
should soon fill a small library.
In April, as soon as the original riot end-
ed, the legislature sent its ponderous com-
mission to look into the problem. Shortly
thereafter, the governor added a three-man
inquiry board of his own. And now, on the
heels of a new outbreak, Attorney-General
Frank G. Millard has completed his own in-
vestigation and is daily publishing install-
ments of what went on in the largest walled
prison in the world during the third week
of last April.
The pose of Millard is hardly unique
among investigators. It is the attitude of
shocked disbelief, the horrified hand over
the eyes, the whispered play-by-play re-
port of uncovered evil, or even as Millard had
it, the discovery of sins which "certainly
should not be reduced to print."
In general, releases like these can safe-
ly be predicted to extend over a number
of days, run on at considerable length, and
achieve a maximum display in the pa-
pers. Preferably, they will appear short-
ly before elections.
Although Millard does not say, as Sena-
tor Ferguson did, that he was shocked that
men in prison had no respect for law and
order, he reveals nothing that was not
known immediately after the riot by every
newspaperman present. The recommenda-
tions he has made are substantially no dif-
ferent than those made by Assistant Deputy
Warden Vernon Fox and Warden Julian
Frisbie months, and even years, ago-rec-
ommendations which were consistently ig-
nored by a legislature composed predom-
inately of members of Millard's own politi-
Both Fox and Frisbie have, of course,
been fired from their posts as a result of
the riot. The former, a nationally recog-
nized penologist, is now working for a per-
sonnel firm in Toledo, apparently because
he injected various intellectual weapons into
the struggle to save the lives of thirteen
guards whereas men like gubernatorial can-
didate, Donald S. Leonard, ex police-commis-
sioner, preferred bullets.
Frisbie was dismissed as warden last
week when a frightened administration
in Lansing decided that two months was
more than enough time to have retrieved
complete serenity at the prison, universally
regarded as the most dangerous powder-
keg in the country. At last report, Frisbie,
who had scored highest on Civil Service
tests for warden at the prison and whose
generalship saved the situation from com-
plete disaster in April, was still unem-
Probably, the prison shake-up is not over.
In a political year, however, these things
are inevitable. When the election is over,
sin will be swept under the rug once more
for the appointed orderlies to take care of-
until, of course, the men with the writs hear
their destinies calling them again.
Unity in the west
I N HER LATEST political maneuver, Rus-
sia has as actual or ilotential allies many
people for all practical reasons should be ex-
erting every effort to thwart her.
The maneuver is a concentrated attempt
to create a cleavage between the United
States and her Western allies. It is most
likely the central reason for the appoint-
ment of top Soviet diplomat Gromyko to
the ambassadorship at London. It is the
leading aim in the cries of germ warfare
against the United States which are being
screached from the front pages of Com-
In Britain, Anglo-American friendship is
being endangered and consequently Stalin's
cause aided by the presence of the follow-
ers of Aneurin Bevan. They believe that
British arms production should be reduced
and are antagonistic toward the United
States. They feel that American capitalists
have an antipathy toward the socialism
which they strongly advocate.
These views are not without appeal to
Britons weary of war, hard pressed under
government military finances and slightly
resentful of their loss of world leadership
The United States has not acted consis-
tently in a manner best directed toward
the active friendship of the British. It
nght, for instance, have been a worth-
while concession not to have insisted that
Americans continuously remain in com-
mand of Western military operations both
in Korea and in Europe. Permitting the
placing of a British general in command
of SHAEF after Eisenhower's resignation
would have improved not only Anglo-
American relations but our position in the
eyes of the rest of the world as well. A
more serious error from the propaganda
viewpoint was our bombing of the Yalu
without consulting the military experts
of our allies.
Threats to Western unity exist not only
in Britain but in France in the form of the
DeGaullists and that large portion of the
citizenry which espouse the Communist
cause as a protest measure. In West Ger--
many the presence of a strong anti-Ameri-
can socialist group constitutes further dan-
ger to Western unity.
A general fear that the United States
might revert to isola+ionism or a feeling
that we are attempting to force our way of
life on them and engaging in a form of
ideological imperialism might send these
Europeans into the arms of those who do not
favor unity with America.
All the potential unwitting allies of the
Soviets are not on the European side of
the Atlantic. In the intense political cam-
paign which will beset the United States
during the next few months rash state-
ments by certain candidates might create
impressions abroad which it is in our best
interests to avoid and in Stalin's best
interests to foster. Attitudes toward Eur-
ope can be a tool which candidates may
use to appeal to different portions of the
electorate. What these men say will not
remain within our boarders.
It is essential that all Russia's unknow-
ing allies, those who for any reason are en-
dangering Wesetern unity, awake to the
realization that only together, in mutual
respect and friendship, can we protect what
is basic and decent in our civilization and
in our individual national societies.
ANN ARBOR may well be proud of a small
group of civic minded citizens who are
almost single handedly carrying on the local
civil air defense program.
This group of thirty volunteers mans
the local air spotting station, one of eight
located within Washtenaw County. They
deserve a pat on the back, for working
without pay, and giving up their time.
However, they can use more than just
congratulations. Fellow Ann Arborites could
easily give them some concrete help to ov-
ercome the handicaps with which they have
been beset since they began the expanded
program last Monday.
The first difficulty is lack of numbers.
With only thirty volunteers working, many
of them put in much more than the usual
two hour shift, some of them working sev-
eral times a week, in order to man the sta-
tion day and night.
Anyone who can put in even two hours
a week spotting planes will be welcomed
by civil defense officials. Volunteering is
eaesy-anyone may register by telephon-
ing 7116. 1
The second difficulty is lack of money. So
far, the only cash the defense workers have
had has been a $100 donation from the Ann
Arbor Veterans of Foreign Wars for vital
telephone service. Since the federal govern-
ment has not appropriated money for the
program, its success will depend on dona-
tions such as this.
The third handicap-and. the one which
would prove the worst should real danger
ever exist-is the lack of an adequate site
for the spotting station. This is where the
University can give its help.
The view of the skies from the present
site is partially obscured by trees and
houses, to the extent that low flying
planes are not visible at a distance. This
could be remedied by use of a high build-
ing, such as the top of South Quadrangle,
the top of the Administratin Bldg. or the
Union tower, all three of which have
been mentioned by defense officials as
good spotting sites.
The University would have little to lose
and much to gain in the way of public rela-
tions by offering the use of one of these
places. Here is a good chance for Univer-
sity administrators to cement good feeling
between town and gown and bring them
close together in a common effort for civil
THE ACTION taken by the Faculty Sen-
ate this week asking Iron Curtain edu-
cators for an impartial investigation of
Communist germ warfare charges is the
first stand on a non-routine issue that this
body has taken in some time.
While their protest is little more than
the customary "going on record as opposing
something" technique, it happens to be the
only method of successfully combatting
germ warfare propaganda.
The faculty request for cooperation with
an impartial Red Cross investigation of
germ warfare charges was sent to Charles
University in Prague, Czechoslovakia, in
answer to a propaganda-filled document
sent here. The Czechoslovakia University
accused American scientists of going along
with "American monopolists" in placing
their knowledge at the service of the
"mass extermination of mankind."
In a unanimous decision, the Faculty Sen-
ate voted that a letter of protest to the un-
founded Communist charges be drafted.
Their letter follows the pattern of most of
the State Department answers to bacteri-
ological warfare propaganda. There is no
impartial evidence substantiating the Com-
munist claims; Communist nations have an
opportunity to comply with a United Na-
tions proposal to allow the International
Red Cross to set up an impartial inquiry of
the reported epidemics.
The Communists' repeated refusal to
allow the Red Cross investigation will un-
doubtedly be continued as long as germ-
warfare propaganda exists. Furthermore,
any retaliatory measures are likely to fall
by the wayside as mere counter-propa-
But hopeless or not, the only possible re-
medy to the situation lies in the cooperation
of various Western agencies is issuing in-
telligent refutations of the charges. The
Faculty Senate has at least indicated it
feels some responsibility along this line.
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writer only.
This must be noted in all reprints.
NIGHT EDITOR: HARRY LUNN
OF THE SEVEN Democratic Senators who
did not take the trouble to vote the day
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN1
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-
tive notice to all members of the
University. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3510
Administration Building before 3 p.m.
the day preceding publication (11 a.m.
Ex-Occupational personnel, EUCOM,
FAC, Overseas Teachers, DACS, etc. will
meet for dinner i the Michigan League
Conference Room, opposite the Cafe-
teria on Monday, July 21 from 5:30
to 7:15. If possible, telephone 3-1511,
Ext. 360 to make reservations.
schools of Education, Natural Re-
sources and Public Health Students,
who received marks of IL X, or "no
report" at the close of their last se-
mester or summer session of attend-
ance, will receive a grade of ".E" in the
course or courses unless this work is
made up by July 23. students, wishing
an extention of time beyond this date
in order to make up this work, should
file a petition addressed to the appro-
priate official in their school with
Room 1513 Administration, where it
will be transmitted.
Edward G. Groesbeck
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for dropping courses
without record will be Friday, July 1.
A course may be dropped only with the
permission of the classifier after con-
ference with the instructor.
Closing hour for women beause of
the John Kollen piano recital on Tues-
day, July 15, 1952 will be no later than
The Ford Motor Company. Dearborn,
Michigan, has an opening for a pro-
duct cost engineer, and would consider
recent graduates for this opening as
well as experienced people. work would
consist of engineering manufacturing
problems in relation to cost and speci-
fications and budget appropriation al-
The State of Washington Personnel
Board, Seattle, has announced an ex-
amination to be given all people who
submit applications until further no-
tice for Public Health Dental Hygienist.
Citizenship is required but State of
Washington residence is not. An an-
nouncement with a11 details may be
seen at the Bureau of Appointments.
The Electric Storage Battery Com-
pany, Detroit, Michigan (Exide) has an-
nounced vacancies in its sales trainee
(industrial) program and for General
Sales. There is also an opportunity to
get into the automotive sales training
program. The need is for men with
engineering degrees, electrical and oth-
ers, and for business administration
The United Steel & Wire Company,
Battle Creek, Michigan, has an open-
ing immediately in the Cost Account-
ing Department for a cost accountant.
Duties require knowledge of standard
and job cost accounting, and also prop-
erty accountiny, general accounting,
financial statement preparation,rand
budgeting Work is considered train-
ing for the position of Assistant Cost
Controller, which is being held open
for the trainee.
The LaSalle & Koch Company, To-
ledo, Ohio, is accepting trainees, men
or women, for Its Junior Executive
Training Squad. Information concern-
ing an interview may be had at the
Bureau of Appointments.
The Integrated Mica Corporation,
Woodmere, New York, is trying to re-
cruit an intructor in Nautical Engi-
neering or Naval Architecture for the
Nautical School in Haifa. Free trans-
portation and a contract would be
made for the person selected for the
job. Applicant should be over twenty
eight years of age and have had some
practical experience either in ship de-
sign,or at sea. Race or religion is of no
For further information, application
blanks, details, come to the Bureau of
Appointments, 3528 Administration
Building, or call extension 371.
Friday, July 18
Conference on Elementary Education.
"Activities of the Department of Ele-
mentary School Principals." Robert
W. Eaves, Executive Secretary of the
Department. 9:00 AM., Michigan Union
Classroom Conference. Instructional
group meetings, 10:00 A.M. Luncheon:
"The Role of the Classroom Teacher."
President Harlan Hatcher, 12:45 P.M.,
Michigan Union Ballroom. Panel dis-
cussion: "What Are the Common Goals
In the Classrooms of the Secndary
Schools and the University of Michi-
gan?" 2:15 P.M. Michigan Union Ball-
Summeir SphCnference. 9:00
Speech Therapy:Demonstration, 9:00
A.M. Speech Clinic Sessions in Rackham
"Directing Educational Television,"
Walt Koste, Production Director, WWJ-.
TV. 10:00 A.M.
High School Debate. Resolved: That
the Atlantic Pact Nations Should Form
a Federal Union. 11:00 A.M.
"The Theater Abroad," valentine B.
Windt, Professor of Speech. 1:30 P.M.
"A Speech Point of View," H. P. Con-
stans, Vice-President, Speech Associa-
tion of America. 2:30 P.M.
"The Status of the Speech Profes-
sion," Paul Bagwell, Executive Vice-
President, Speech Association of Ameri-
ca. 8:00 P.M. Rackham West Conference
Biological Symposium: Technical
Seminar by Dr. Dwight J. Ingle on
"The Relationship of Adrenal Corti-
cal Function to Carbohydrate Metabo-
lism." Fri., July 18, 4:15 P.M., 1300
The results from the language exam-
ination for the Master's Degree in His-
tory are posted in the History Office.
University of Michigan Woodwind
Quintet, Nelson Hauenstein, flute, Lare
Wardrop, oboe, Albert Luconi, clarinct,
Ted Evans, French horn, and Lewis
Cooper, bassoon, will present a concert
at 8:30 Monday evening, July 21, in
the Rackham Lecture Hall, in conjunc-
tion with the Band Conductors' Work-
shop, being held in Ann Arbor the
week of July 21. The group will be as-
sisted by Benning Dexter, piano. The
program, including compositions by
Beethoven, Vinter, Ibert, Milhaudi, and
Poulenc, will be open to the general
Organ Recital by Robert Noehren,
University Organist, 4:15 Sunday after-
noon, July 20, in Hill Auditorium, the
first of two recitals scheduled for the
summer. It will open with Three Chor-
ales by Franck, followed by Brahm's
Chorale Prelude, "O Welt, ich muss
dich lassen," and Reger's Fantasia and
Fugue in D minor.. The general public
Museum of Art. The artist's view-
point. July 8-28.
General Library. Books which have
influenced the modern world.
Museum of Archaeology. Ancient
Egypt and Rome of the Empire.
Museums Building. Rotunda exhibit.
Some museum techniques.
Michigan Historical Collections, 160
Rackham Building. The changing Cam-
Clements Library. American books
which have influenced the modern mind
(through September 1).
Architecture Building. Student work.
Luncheon Discussion Group: Lane
Hail, 12:15 P.M. Group Discussion: The
Contributions of the Minority Parties.
S.R.A. Punch Hour, Lane Hall, 4:15-
5:30 P.M. All students welcome.
There will be an informal record
dance this evening in the League Ball-
room. Dancing is from 9 to midnight
and the admission is free to students.
Sat. July 19. Beacon Picnic. Leave
main entrance of League for Island
Lake Park at 1:30. Return 7:30-8:00. Ev-
eryone is welcome.
Fourth Annual National Band Con- j
ductors Conference, July 21-26.
with DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-While most Democratic candidates are operating
on a shoestring, genial Bible-quoting Senator Bob Kerr of Okla-
homa, the oil millionaire seems to be spending money right and left.
Delegates to the forthcoming Democratic convention receive
staggering amounts of printed material from the Senator; several
were offered $500 as "expense money" to attend a Kerr meeting at
Salt Lake City, and Kerr flew a number of delegates to Salt Lake
in his private plane.
On the heels of this, there turned up in Los Angeles the other day
State Senator George of Kansas, who announced that he was working
for Senator Kerr.
George called at Kefauver headquarters, explained that he rea-
lized the delegation must vote for Kefauver on the first ballot, but
wanted them to know about Senator Kerr and vote for him in case
the Tennessee Senator was no longer in the running.
In the afternoon of the same day, a man appearing at the office
of the ticket agent for the Santa Fe who is handling the special
Kefauver delegation train to Chicago.
He called himself J. G. Wilson, and answered to exactly the
same description as Senator George, even wearing exactly the same
clothes-a lightweight summer suit of fine grain with a thin blue
cord running through it.
* * * *
MR. "J. G. WILSON" took out of his pocket a bundle when opened
contained approximately $1,700 in ten and twenty dollar bills.
He told the ticket agent that he wished to purchase seven lowers and
one double bedroom on the Kefauver train to Chicago, plus the regular
train fare. The total cost was $1,607.52 which Mr. "J. G. Wilson" paid,
and received deposit receipts.
Mr. "Wilson" asked the ticket agent to keep his deposit confi-
dential and instructed him to issue Pullman tickets when any person
came into the office with the ticket receipt.
The agent inquired where Mr. "Wilson" could be reached in case
the people did not come for their tickets so that the deposit could be
returned. Mr. "Wilson," however said he was leaving town would not
be back and that the Santa Fe railroad would stand to earn a lot of
money if the people did not come in for the tickets. He said he was
temporarily staying at the Clark Hotel, but a check of its records
showed that no man named "Wilson" was registered,
Next morning three Kefauver delegates received anonymous let-
ters containing ticket receipts, instructing them that they could pick
up their tickets at the Santa Fe office on presentation of the receipt.
The delegates had no idea who the tickets were from or why they
were getting them.
However, one delegate from Long Beach, L. A. Pipkin, who
was eased out of the chairmanship of the original Kefauver com-
mittee, has been bitter against the other delegates and lunched
with Senator George. Significantly, the delegates to whom free
tickets were sent happened to be those friendly to Pipkin. Signifi-
cantly also, when Mr. "Wilson" was at the Santa Fe ticket office, he
told the agent to reserve a double bedroom for Pipkin.
Since California delegates are pledged by law to Senator Kefauver,
any attempt to inf""lnce their vote by a free train trip might be a
criminal offense. ver, the three Kefauver delegates who got the
ticket receipts in tail are not biting and it looks as if the Santa
Fe railroad would d to win $1,607.52.
FOLLOWING this, another Kefauver booster, Wilbur Le Gette a
subalternate, got a telephone call from a man who introduced him-
self as a friend of State Senator George Luckey. He did not, however,
associate himself with Luckey or pretend to represent him.
"I know that you campaigned with Luckey for Truman," the
caller told Le Gette. "And we know a lot of you boys on the delega-
tion need money. I'd like to talk it over with you."
"What do you mean?" asked Le Gette.
"We need someone to arrange for three delegates to flop over to
us after the first ballot," explained the caller.
La Gette pointed out that the entire California delegation was
committed to Kefauver on all ballots until released.
"That's all right," replied the caller. "I can make it worth your
while. I'll pay your train fare, all expenses, plus $1,000 if you put
the deal over for three delegates. I'll also take care of those delegates
you swing from Kefauver. You can buy delegates, you know, for
$500 to $1,000 a head.
"You ," replied Le Gette. "I have worked five and
one-half months in Kefauver headquarters without one cent of pay.
Who do you think I am?" he hung up.
It looks as if whoever is trying to buy Kefauver delegates in Cali-
fornia isn't getting very far.
TAFT'S MILITARY BRAINS
THERE WAS A BIG sigh of relief in the Pentagon when Eisen-
hower won in Chicago. Not much has been said about it, but
the top brass knew that in case Taft was nominated and elected,
friends of Eisenhower's in the armed services would be pretty gen-
erally swept out while Taft's military brain trust would come in.
Here is the latter group of military masterminds who were work-
ing diligently for a Taft victory and with the foregone conclusion that
to the victor belongs the spoils:
Admiral Louis Denfield, who was fired by President Truman in
the Navy-Air Force row over -the supercarrier. He advised Taft on
General Albert Wedemeyer, who was sidetracked in the Army,
secretly sided with MacArthur and the China Lobby, and retired. He
served as Taft's unofficial army chief of staff.
General Bonner Fellers, former psychological warfare chief under
General MacArthur, and public relations expert for him. Long at-
tached to the Republican National Committee, Fellers advised Taft
on air force matters, resigned right after Ike's nomination.
Feneral Leslie Groves, former boss of the Manhattan project
which developed the atomic bomb, also advised Taft on army matters.
General MacArthur, himself, was chairman of Taft's joint chiefs
(Copyright, 1952, by The Bell Syndicate)
[F + ART +
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The reviewer, Professor Rob-
bert Iglehart is chairman of the Department
of Art Education at New York University, and
vice chairman of the Committee on Art Edu-
cation at the Museum of Modern Art, New
York. Prof. Iglehart is on campus this summer
for two weeks as a guest specialist in the an-
nual program "Interpreting the Visual Arts in
School and Society.")
THE CURRENT EXHIBITION at the Mu-
seum of Art, Alumni Memorial Hall, is
an interesting and useful adjunt to the inter-
departmental summer program: Modern
Views of Man and Society. Visitors to the
gallery will find a cross-section of work,
primarily American, produced since the turny
of the century; the years between 1930 and
1940 are most heavily represented.
The show is rewarding whether we re-
gard it purely as paint on .canvas or
whether we consider it as evidence of
man's changing concept of himself and
the world he makes. The artist is tradi-
tionally involved, consciously or uncon-
sciously, in the making, rather than the
finding, o: worlds, and in our own day
this aspect of his activity has generally
caused difficulties for the spectator who
believes that the artist's function is that
work of the thirties by far more than a
Essential changes in art forms are both
the reflection, and the cause, of changing
concepts of man and of his role. The aca-
demician of the last century, and the re-
gionalist of the thirties, record-approving-
ly or critically, a given world. But "we do not
imita'te," says Braque, "what we want to
create." American painting since 1940, and
European painting for a much longer pe-
riod, has been concerned with the creation
of realities rather than with a given world.
The 20th century scientists have followed
the same pattern of chaxge. Reality, ac-
cording to Einstein, "is in no way given
to us," and he speaks of what is real as an
"intellectual construction." "Reality," writes
Mondrian, "is the plastic manifestation of
form and not of the events of life."
Among the more recent works, even
those involving a meticulous attention
to "photographic" detail (such as George
Todker's "Subway," or Louis Gugliemi's
"Terror in Brooklyn") are aimed at evok-
ing images rather than recording facts.
But the mainstream of American paint-
ing has not followed this "surrealist"
method, but attempts to deal directly with
the images of free creation itself. These
arlifr rz r nrL. -hvit Vl ,af n c1 --_.ai,
At The Michigan .. .
WASHINGTON STORY with
Van Johnson, Patricia Neal and
AFTER HAVING had abuse and
indignities heaped upon its
collective head by probing con-
gressmen, does Hollywood hit back
with a slashing attack on congres-
sional manners and morals? Not
a bit. If this effort by one of its
most influential studios is to be
taken seriously, "then Hollywood
(who, by a not so strange conci-
etc., and who is punched in the
jaw by the self-righteous congress-
man (Drew Pearson may sue
MGM for libel). Added to this is
the inevitable love interest and
routine shot of Capitol Hill ineptly
mixed with studio interiors, all of-
which combine into a spurious me-
lange of pseudo-timely dialogue
The respective performances of
Van Johnson and Louis Calhern
are slick and empty with Calhern
becoming more fatuous with each
succeeding picture. Patricia Neal
is little more than decorative. Pro-
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan undar the
authority of the Board in Control of
Leonard Greenbauin ..Managing Editor
Ivan Kaye and Bob Margolin
. .. ....Co-Sports Editors
Nan Reganall. ........Women's Editor
Joyce Fickies..............Night Editor
Harry Lunn ...........Night Editor
Marge Shepherd.... .Night Editor
Virginia Voss............ -Night Editor
Mike Wolff.............Night Editor
Tom Treeger..... Business Manager
C. A. Mitts......Advertising Manager
Jim Mi1ler......... Finance Manager
Jim Tetreault.....,Circulation Manager