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FAIR AND WARMER
VOL. LXII, No. 188 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JULY 18, 1952
TYPICAL YOUTH-This young man of distinction is typical of
the many wholesome American youth who reportedly do not learn
their drinking habits in college, but acquire them in the home.
College Drinking Habits
Revealed in Yale Survey
By The Associated Press
The old notion that American youth get their indoctrination into
drinking at college has been exploded by a recent Yale University
The study revealed that four out of every fiVe college men who
drink acquire the habit before they enter college. With women, the
ratio is approximately two out of three.
OTHER SURVEY findings showed that the probability that a
TEHRAN, Iran- () -Ex-Pre-
ier Ahmed Qavam, a rightist who
led Iran safely through perilous
disputes with Soviet Russia in the
wake of World War II, succeeded
Mohammed Mossadegh as premier
The change in leadership pos-
sibly may bring a settlement of
the long quarrel between Iran and
Britain over Mossadegh's nation-
alization last year of the billion-
dollar Anglo-Iranian Oil Com-
pany's Iranian properties.
* * *
MOSSADEGH resigned the pre-
miership after the Shah, Moham-
med Reza Pahlevi, rejected a bid
of the frail but iron-willed Na-
tionalist leader to become his own
War Minister in a new cabinet.
The lower house of Parlia-
ment, the Majlis, nominated Qa-
vam in a secret meeting boy-
cotted by 25 or more pro-Mossa-
The major problem Qavam in-
herits is Iran's near-bankruptcy,
brought about by the oil national-
ization policies that' Mossadegh
once forecast would lead to gen-
Mossadegh presumably wanted
to hold the War Ministry reins to
see that Iran's 130,000-man army
and her little navy and air force,
recipients of American aid, go
down the line for Nationalist aims.
Qavam, 77, was Premier in
1946rand 1947. He pressed the
Security Council fight that led
to the ouster of Russian troops
from the border province of Az-.
erbaijan and rejected subsequent
Russian demands for the right
to exploit oil resources in north-
Qavam is regarded as pro-West-
ern and long dimmed hopes of an
Iranian oil settlement flickered to
life again in London.
After the collapse of talks with
Mossadegh's government, various
Britons expressed belief' that a
settlement could come after the
fall of that government. The case
is now before the International
Court of Justice at the Hague.
U.S. To Study
vernment announced last night it
is launching a study of business
and employment prospects after
the peak of the defense build-up
about 12 months from now.
The giant rearmament program
is recognized as a major factor in
American prosperity today.
The immediate aim, Secretary
of Commerce Sawyer said, is to
appraise "potential markets for
goods and services which will be
available or may be stimulated
after the present defense build-up
has been completed."
And the goal behind that, he
said is to guide the way to con-
tinued operation of the U. S. econ-
omy at high production levels.
Bess Truman hurried back to
Washington to the hospital
bedside of her mildly ailing hus-
band yesterday because she
thought "Harry might be lone-
Arriving by train from Inde-
pendence, Mo., Mrs. Truman
was driven directly to the
Army's Walter Reed Hospital.
There, in the plush Presidential
Suite, her husband was patient-
ly undergoing a series of tests
that might show, among other
things, whether his strength has
" been sapped by seven gruelling
years in the White House.
By The Associated Press
Allied and Red truce teams re-
sumed their off-the-record nego-
tiations for a Korean armistice
yesterday after a four-day recess,
called by the Communists.
They returned to the confer-
ence tent at Panmunjom amid ex-
pectations that the Communists
might make a new move to break
the deadlock of exchanging pris-
oners of war.
* * *S
THE MEETING lasted 41 min-
utes and there was no announce-
ment of what took place in the
Both sides agreed to meet again
at 11 a.m. tomorrow (10 p.m. to-
day Ann Arbor time.)
The prisoner exchange dispute
alone blocks a cease-fire.
The Communists obtained a
two-day recess in the secret ses-
sions Monday, and on Wednesday
got it extended another two days.
The four-day break touched
off speculation that North Kor-
ean Gen. Nam Il and his fellow
Red delegates would return to
the conference tent with fresh
instructions from the Commun-
ist capitals that could break the
No one in official position at
the UN truce camp at Munsan
would predict the turn of events.
WITH THE war-front at Seoul,
Allied troops battling through
drenching rains hurled back a
tank-supported Communist attack
against old Baldy Hill early today
in Western Korea.
The weather cut down Allied
air strikes to almost the minimum.
Weather reconnaissance planes
roamed far to the North but most
of the war planes that went out
were aimed at the battle front.
OPS Staff Cut
By Large Amount
fice of Price Stabilization disclos-
ed yesterday that its enforcement
staff will be slashed about 60 per
cent in personnel dismissals made
necessary by Congressional cuts of
the agency's operating funds.
The agency outlined in a de-
tailed statement its over-all plans
to release 6,150 of its approxi-
mately 12,000 employes by Sep-
To Pick U
Big Fight Comes
Over Civil Rights
CHICAGO -(R)-- Sen. Richard
B. Russell's bid for union labor
support with his promise to over-
haul the Taft-Hartley Law began
to backfire yesterday among Dixie
delegates to next week's Demo-
cratic National Convention.
Signs appeared that Russell's
strategic flip-flop - he voted or-
iginally for Taft-Hartley and
against a Presidential veto -
might react in favor of a major
rival, Sen. Estes Kefauver of Ten-
RUSSELL was sticking to pre-
dictions that he will capture the
Democratic nomination with the
help of hard core Southern: sup-
But on a television program last
night he said he knows no reason
why he could not support Presi-
dent Truman if the President
should run again.
Kefauver wasn't budging from
his stand that the party will tap
And a third entrant in the race,
Mutual Security Director Averell
Harriman, hopped into town with
his own victory prediction. More
are on the way. Vice President
Alben W. Barkley and Sen. Rob-
ert S. Kerr of Oklahoma are due
young person will drink at all is cl
NEW YORK-01)-An Air Force
veteran obsessed with a theory for
prolonged life was brought back
in handcuffs yesterday to New
York where he says he killed a
blinde he didn't even know on the
Columbia Universty campus.+
BayardP. Peakes, 29, strode off
a train from Boston, appearing al-
most to drag a detective to whom
he was handcuffed.
HE WAS brought back here aft-
er confessing orally in Boston to
} killing a pretty blonde Miss Eileen
Fahey, 18, last Monday. Police
rushed him to the district attor-
Boston police said Peakes, who
received a mental dscharge from
the Air Force, told them he just
"wanted to. kill someone" after
the American Physical Society,
which employed Miss Fahey as
a bookkeeper, refused to look at
a thesis he wrote.
At frst Peakes told police his
thesis explained "how to make men
live 500 years." Later he referred
to it as a book on "how to live
forever." He was outraged, police
said because no one at the Society
would look at his work.
Miss Fahey, a bookkeeper, was
* lot to death at her desk in the
American Physical Society office
on the campus as she read the first
of three letters she had received
earlier that day from Pfc. Ronald
Leo of the First Marine Division
Reputed Oil Cartel
To Be Investigated
General James P. McGranery an-
nounced last night a Federal
Grand jury will investigate a re-
puted international oil cartel in-
volving seven of the world's larg-
est oil companies.
McGranery told a news confer-
osely related to the practices of his
or her parents.
Data obtained from 17,000
students in 27 colleges and uni-
versities showed that of men
whose parents drink, 90 per cent
are themselves users. But when
both parents abstain, only 51
per cent of the male students
Women seem more inhibited by
parental habits, the survey point-
ed out. When both parents drink,
83 per cent of the women drink on
occasion, but when both parents
abstain, only 19 per cent drink.
Advice from parents was report-
ed as much stronger than that of
church leaders or teachers.
* * .*
FAMILY INCOME is another
factor related to drinking habits.
It was discovered that when fam-
ily income is low drinking is com-
paritively low, and vice versa.
Apparently that had some-
thing to do with choice of bev-
erage, for 72 per cent of the male
drinkers said they drank beer
while only 47 preferred it.
On the female side, wine was
the more frequently expressed
preference. Forty-one per cent
drank beer, but only 17 per cent
SUMMER RECEPTION-President and Mrs. Harlan H. Hatcher and a hostess greet summer ses-
sion students at a reception held in their honor last night. More than 500 students attended, filling
the reception line, the Hatcher dining-room and the lantern-decked garden.
W orld News
By The Associated Press
DURBAN, South Africa-Six Africans who attended a wedding
in Natal Province's thorn bush country two days ago were apparently
battered to death when a quarrel flared up among the guests, police
Authorities called to the native reserve where the incident oc-
curred found only the bodies of the victims, surrounded by drunken
old women. Police said the weapons used might have been "knobker-
ries," primitive knobbed sticks used by the natives as missiles.
* * * * *
GOOSE BAY, Labrador-Two WASHINGTON-The Office
military air transport service of Price Stabilization last night
Sikorsky H-19 helicopters today authorized higher wholesale ceil-
completed the second leg of a ings on veal steaks, cutlets, and
precedent-making flight from roasts and lower ceilings on rib
the United States to England chops, shoulder cuts and breast
and Germany. The two big craft of veal. The OPS also suspended
landed at this air base at 2:05 price controls on bulk distilled
p.m.yesterday after a flight spirits, including bulk rum,
-from Presque Isle, Me. flying brandy, gin and neutral spirits,
smoothly, they completed the The suspension, effective at
570-mile hop in 7 hours and 55 once, is not expected to affect
minutes, averaging about 71 prices to consumers.
miles an hour.
* 4 * * * -*
DENVER-Gen. and Mrs. Dwight D. Eisenhower bade a restrained
farewell to their soldier son, John, yesterday as he left to fight in
Korea. Then Gen. Eisenhower went to Fraser, Colo. where he will
have a week's respite from the political wars in the restful quiet of a
mountain-rimmed cattle ranch.
* ,. *
New York 5, Cleveland 4
*, * *
St. Louis 3, New York 2
At New Low,
The steel strike cut car
truck production to 25,129 vehicles
this week-a new postwar low--
'reports Automotive News.
"By next week, auto plant un-
employment may be greater than
depression levels," the tradepa-
July output may total only
160,000 cars and 40 trucks, and
if the strike continues, "August
production totals may be virtual-
ly nil," the trade journal gloomily
There were no indications yes-
terday of an early break in the
General Motors Corp., which is
still operating at sharply reduced
production schedules, is emptying
its supply lines, it was reliably re-
Students Keep Cool
THE CRUCIAL civil rights fight
got under way yesterday, with
Southerners biting their tongues
At first, then pitching in on argu-
ments before the committee that
will put together the Democratic
Mrs. J. V. Alderman, a dele-
gate from Jacksonville, Fla.,
flared up when Aubrey Williams
said the way the South treats
Negroes is "a disgrace." Racial
discrimination in the South,
Mrs. Alderman declared, can be
laid to "carpet baggers from the
Besides civil rights, bitterness
over labor questions and delegate
contests bubbled just beneath the
Not counting the 70 votes
tied up in contested Texas and
Mississippi delegations, the As-
sociated Press tally of the dele-
gate lineup stood like this last
night on the basis of pledges
and known preferences on the
Kefauver 256 votes
Needed to nominate 618.
surface display of calm and har-
mony - in Chicago and as far
away as Roanoke, Va.
HERE IN THIS Convention
City, various organized labor lead-
ers were passing word to reporters
that they still are afraid of Rus-
sell, despite his announcement
Wednesday night that he favors
supplanting the Taft-Hartley Law
with new legislation on which
labor and management might
Union spokesmen let it be
known that they would be inclined
to accept Kefauver in preference
to Russell-if "Fair Dealer" Har-
riman can't make the grade.
In Roanoke 9A000Virginia Dem-
GRAND RAPIDS - O a k l a n d
County Civil Defense Officials
have joined those in Kent County
in accepting for volunteer aircraft
spotting duty youngsters as young
as 12 years.
Twelve - year - olds have been
training and working in the Grand
Rapds filter center for more than
a year, according to Mrs. Hamer
P. Ford, administrative director.
State Chief Justice
LANSING -(P) - Chief Justice
Walter H. North of the Michigan
Supreme Court yesterday was re-
ported "seriously ill" at Univer-
sity Hospital, Ann Arbor.
According to the Lansing Bureau
HIGH LIQUOR CAPACITY:
British Night Life Very
Much Like A merican
By BARNES CONNABLE
Special To The Daily
LONDON-It's nothing like New York, but people get around here
The lights are less bright, the girls less pretty and the shows less
brassy. Yet Londoners manage to consume more liquor after dusk
than we thought was humanly possible.
* * * * .
WE STOPPED in at the French-flavored Pigalle which boasts
the best floor show in town. The star was a blonde singer who claimed
she'd just arrived from Paris but was as American as you or us.
Costuming and choreography were as classy as the cream of
Manhattan's night clubs, but there was one rather essential weak-
ness-you had to look at the middle of the chorus line to find
a female who measured un to American standards.