THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FRIDAY, AUGUST 8, 1952
SIR JOHN FALSTAFF, the ageless, and am-
orous "fatpaunch," may be an enigma to
scholars of the legitimate theatre, but in the
realm of opera buffa, he is an irrestible buf-
foon. Though Shakespearean authorities still
argue the relative merits of the play, "Merry
Wives of Windsor," its two operatic deriva-
tives, one by Otto Nicolai, with the same
title as the play, and the other Verdi's
"Falstaff" are perfect vehicles for the bur-
lesque and nonsense of comic opera.
The Nicolai, presented last night at Lydia
Mendelssohn, is not as good as the Verdi;
it is eclipsed in the humor of the music and
the boisterous action of the libretto. Super-
ticially Nicolai continues the German Sing-
spiel tradition, but more realistically his
opera is part of the tradition which was cli-
maxed by Strauss in "Fliedermaus." It is
the music of Vienna, and if the waltz is not
its main characteristic, the dances of that
Much credit is due to Josef Blatt, newly
appointed professor of opera. The quality of
the singing was more flexible and richer
than previous operas. The orchestra, usually
a sore point, was a welcome surprise. They
played with precision and enthusiasm and
most important never got in the way of
The production itself properly empha-
sized the vocal aspect. Outstanding was
John Wiles in the principal role. His voice
is sonorous and he is at home on the stage.
The main brunt of humor is on his should-
ers, and he carried it expertly without los-
ing the importance of song, a common
fallability of buffa artists. Wiles and Rob-
ert Kerns, in their second act duet, com-
bined in what was the'best individual scene
of the evening. Kerns, a newcomer to op-
era hereabouts, proved himself a convinc-
ing actor and promising singer in por-
traying the jealous anger of Mr. Ford.
In the women's roles, Dolores Lowry as
Mistress Ford exhibited real stage presence.
Her relaxation made her voice more poig-
nant. Lack of relaxation, however, hampered
the vocal effectiveness of Frank Poretta, Mr.
Fenton, and Grace Ravesloot, Ann Page.
Both seemed nervous. Their actions were
never positively assertive, although Miss
Ravesloot sang her third act aria with ease
The supporting roles, played by Arthur
Jones as Slender, John Ferry, Mr. Page,
Russell Christopher, Dr. Caius, and Ar-
tene Sollenberger, Mistress Page, were on
the whole complementary, though Jones
also, had first night jitters.
The set and staging were in the style of
conveitional opera. Both were less crowded
and bulky than previous operatic efforts
and as such contributed to the overall mirth.
If criticism is due, it is in the final scene of
the third act. The alusion to "Midsummer
Night's Dream" was just too much. It isn't
even stylistically consistent with the rest of
the opera. Cutting the brief portion from
the appearance of Ann masquerading as Ti-
tania to the conclusion of the short ballet
just preceding the major dance would give
the opera more unity. The fault, to be sure,
is Nicolai's, but nevertheless the production
emphasized it. The experience of the per-
formance as a whole was certainly not pro-
found, but definitely enjoyable and lots of
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writer only.
This must be noted in all reprints.
NIGHT EDITOR: VIRGINIA VOSS
Invasion of the Old Guard
"It's A Great Privilege To Deal With A Guy Like Me"
W ASHINGTON-Dwight D. Eisenhower is
expected to return to New York City
by the last week in August. For the Eastern
internationalist supporters who launched his
candidacy, he cannot arrive a day too soon.
Gov. Thomas E. Dewey is prominently
mentioned on the list of those made un-
happy by what seems to them the ease
with which the Eisenhower headquarters
in Denver is being infiltrated by the old
guard of the National Committee and
Congress. They grant it was necessary to
come to terms with the Taft forces, grant
too that Colorado is conveniently close to
the Taft heartland, the Midwest.
They are still of the opinion that the
General is overdoing the olive branch. Their
problem, especially Governor Dewey's, is
how to fight back so long as they don't
have to make a conspicuous journey to Den-
ver to do it. Hence some inconspicuous em-
issaries now on the Denver-New York road.
When the Eisenhowers chose Mrs. Eisen-
hower's old home town for their post-con-
vention headquarters, Easterners quickly
complained it would be difficult of access.
But they did not feel they could deny the
General a vacation in the fishing country
From the Dewey staff, Tom Stephens, a
skillful pre-convention operative for Eisen-
hower, and James C. Hagerty, who artfully
managed the Eisenhower convention press
relations, were attached to the General. Un-
deniable assets to any national candidate,
they constituted at the time a fair percent-
age of the inner circle.
The controversial governor of New York
went quietly back to Albany. Sen. Henry
Cabot Lodge Jr. returned to a hard cam-
paign for re-election in Massachusetts.
Sen. James Duff took a far west vacation.
Developments since then are described as
vastly annoying to the Easterners who fear
to have their candidate made captive by the
elements who opposed his nomination. They
particularly dislike the aggressive role ,as-
sumed by Sen. Everett Dirksen of Illinois,
autho rof the famous convention taunt to
Governor Dewey, and they are groaning over
his attack on the "lavender lads" of the
Beneral Eisenhower is not the first can-
didate for office who has found it expedient
to placate his enemies with, the favors he
owes to his friends. He would naturally de-
sire as a matter of practical politics as well
as temperament to create as great an area
of party harmony as possible.
If he knew more about the family quar-
rels of the Republicans, his early backers
would not be so readily alarmed perhaps
by anything he might do in an organization
way. But he does not know much about the
conflict of personalities which reflects the
policy division in the party and he will be
for a very long time dependent upon the
people close to him.
The fact is too that the Old Guard out-
numbers the original Eisenhower elements
both in the Congress and in the National
Committee. It named Senator Dirksen chair-
man of thi Senate Campaign Committee
which automatically gives him an import-
ant campaign role. His defense of Senators
Jenner and McCarthy may grate upon many
G.O.P. ears but he can argue he is doing
There can be little doubt that the pro-
Taft national committee group, reduced
now in numbers and prestige but still
powerful, are doinig their utmost to keep
their places so they can share in victory
and inherit in defeat. This means a fric-
tion that will never really vanish during
the coming montths.
Of course, Republicans can console them-
selves with the thought that the Democrats
are jockeying with equal fervor for the prize
places close to their candidatee.
(Copyright, 1952, by the Bell Syndicate)
tttePJ TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
MATTER OF FACT
By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP
WASHINGTON-Behind the oddly frag-
mentary reports about the campaign
plans of Gov. Stevenson and President Tru-
man, there is one single, simple central fact.
Adlai E. Stevenson has declared his inde-
pendence in an unmistakable manner. And
Harry S. Truman has taken this declaration
of independence from Springfield, Ill., with
the good grace that does credit to Indepen-
Whether or no Stevenson would issue a
personal declaration of independence of
the White House, was really the biggest
question about his campaign strategy,
from the very beginning. One could see
the question looming at Chicago.
There was the President, with his brisk,
confident, fighting speech to the convention.
There was Stevenson, with his elevated,
somewhat tortured, deeply reflective speech
of acceptance. You could not doubt that
Stevenson's was the more powerful intellect,
but you could hardly help but feel that Tru-
man had the more decisive character. By
the same token, there was the whole serried
phalanx of Democratic professionals, de-
lighted to have Stevenson for their stan-
dard-bearer, but yelling "pour it on, Harry"
with special zest.
The President had told his intimates al-
ready, and now he told his party and
country, that he meant to make a whistle-
stop campaign as vigorous and extensive
as he made four years ago. But this was,
in effect an intention to dominate the
electoral campaign and his successor. For
how else could Stevenson hope to make his
own mark in these circumstances? How
could he possibly register with the voters
as an independent personality, with quali-
ties of his own, while'the President of the
United States poured it on at every whis-
Truman's intention plainly sprang from
his own fighting nature and his loyalty to
his party. Equally plainly, however, Steven-
son had to find the courage to argue with
the President about this intention of his,
if he was going to be his. own candidate
instead of Truman's candidate. Under the
circumstances, then, it is extremely signifi-
cant that Stevenson has found the courage.
* * * *
TWO POINTS were at issue. In the first
place, the President and his circle had a
clear idea of the proper campaign pattern.
Nothing much was to be done until Labor
Day, and both Stevenson and Truman were
to start touring the country. The President
was to pour it on, in the familiar manner,
from first to last, while Stevenson, also from
first to last, was to make what the politicians
call the "high level appeal." Second, the
existing, Truman-established organization
of Democratic affairs was to be left intact.
Frank McKinney was to go on heading the
Democratic National Committee and handl-
ing all such vital campaign problems as
Stevenson simply refused to go along on
either point. As to the first, he rightly
pointed out to the President that he was
not well known in the country. Hence he
had to begin early, as he has now done
with the significant statements that are
already coming out of Springfield. Hence
too, he had to be given his chance to make
his mark with the voters in full scale,
campaigning, before Truman entered the
struggle with all the authority and atten-
tion-getting-power of a President of the
As to the second point, Stevenson also
indicated to the President that he felt he
had to have his own campaign organization
in order to conduct his own campaign. Hence
McKinney was not acceptable to him, and is
now on the way out.
WILSON WYATT was the Governor's first
choipe for the national chairmanship.
But Wyatt, while accepting the role of Stev-
enson's personal campaign director, refused
the larger post on the ground that he ,was
not well enough acquainted with the Demo-
cratic leaders all over the country. Those
now under consideration for national com-
mittee chairman include former Sen. Frank
Myers of Pa. and former Rep. John Carroll
In the end, neither may be chosen. Myers
is the better bet. Yet the mere fact that
consideration is being given to Carroll still
speaks volumes. For Carroll is not only a
leader of Americans for Democratic Action.
He is also anathema to the Truman crowd
in the White House, because of a bitter row
with Matt Connelly which occurred when
Carroll was serving the President as a White
The fact that Stevenson has declared
his independence in this manner does
credit to Stevenson. By the same token
Dave Luce ,..
To the Editor:
AVID LUCE lent himself rath-
er well to the mildly malicious
purpose of my recent letter, and I
should like to thank him for help-
ing me demonstrate (perhaps su-
perfluously) that the Progressive
Party is not the straightforward'
party of traditional American lib-
eralism which he had, earlier in
the summer, declared it to be.
* * *
Trucks Bill ..
To the Editor:
COULD IT HAPPEN HERE? If
that question were asked twelve
years ago, as to the possibility of
the United States taking on the
complexion of Nazi Germany, a
violent no would have been the re-
ply. Why in the face of Hitler's
presecution of minorities, depriva-
tion of civil rights, and imperial
facism, even the posing of such a
question would have been border-
ing on the ridiculous.
How far, however, have we ad-
vanced since that time? There
have been innumerable violations
of individuals' civil as well as po-
litical freedoms. There also has
been a great preponderance of
guilt by association and character
assassination. Added to all these
efforts to render the American cit-
izenry a nation of conformists (in
thought and action) comes state
legislation making it a crime, pun-
ishible by fine and/or imprison-
ment, to register views which de-
viate from our "established
norms." Such a state law is the
Michigan House Bill No. 20, com-
monly known as the Trucks (com-
munist control) Bill.
This vague and nebulous piece
of legislation provides for the
State Police to interpret many of
its provisions. It provides for those
people who belong to organisa-
tions "substantially controlled by
communists" to register with the
state police. What does "substan-
tially controlled by . .. etc.. ..
mean?Tht will be up to the po-
lice of this state to decide.
If this bill is upheld by the Su-
preme Court (where it will soon
be reviewed) and allowed to be
operative, then this state more so
than any other state in this coun-
try will have reached a state of
being closely analagous to Hitler's
In view of the apparent danger
that this Trucks Bill presents, I
urge you to help defeat it. 'This
can be done (to some extent) by
writing your State Legislature,
Federal District Court, and the
U.S. Supreme Court, and demand-
ing that this bill be declared un-
--Sidney B. Weiner
WASHINGTON-For about four months the State Department. has
been haggling with Dictator Franco of Spain regarding the pro-
posed Spanish air and naval bases which Franco so glibly promised
over a year ago when he wanted American cash, and which he has
reneged on ever since the cash was voted.
Although France, England, Italy, Greece and Turkey have
turned over their soil to American forces for airfields and naval
bases, Franco continues to hold back-until he gets exactly his
These terms include 1) more U.S. dollars with no strings attached;
2) modern tanks, planes and artillery for the Spanish army which
the U.S. Army needs primarily in Korea, second here at home, and
third for the European Army.
Meanwhile, Franco has not even been willing to get rid of the
strict Spanish laws against foreign capital, which if abolished would
invite American dollar investments in Spain by private enterprise.
The State Department has asked for the modification of these laws
in partial return for U.S. government loans, but Franco has said no.
U.S. diplomats figure that one reason Franco is so stubborn
is because he knows he has powerful friends in Washington and
that the money for Spain already has been appropriated by Con-
gress. Since he's going to get the money anyway, he undoubtedly
figures there's no use giving naval bases 'and airports in return
Among his friends are powerful Sen. Pat McCarran of Nevada
and Charles Patrick Clark, who is paid $75,000 annually to influence
congressmen on behalf of Spain. McCarran once had the gall to
summon the head of the Export-Import Bank, Herbert Gaston, and
put him on the griddle in front of the Spanish ambassador as to why
he had not loaned money faster to Spain.
* * *
BULLDOZING THE DIPLOMATS
MORE RECENTLY, Senator McCarran proceeded to bawl out James
Bonbright, the diplomat handling Spanish negotiations, during
secret hearings on the State Department's appropriation. Since Mc-
Carran sits on the subcommittee which decides how much money
the State Department can get from Congress each year, he could
have a whip hand over policy.
"Why is it," McCarran demanded of Bonbright, "that none
of the $100,000,000 has been allocated to Spain? Nothing has
been done for Spain out of the $100,000,000, not a dollar of it."
"That was voted for: economic, technical, and military assistance
in the discretion of the President," replied Bonbright at the secret
hearing. "It has seemed to us that the use of these funds will depend
on our over-all military requirements."
"You are negotiating with Spain, are you not, for bases and
ports?" snapped McCarran.
"Those have been surveys, sir," said Bonbright. "They were
surveys to see what the facilities were and generally to break the ice."
"How long does it take to find out?" shouted the Senator from
Nevada. "How long does it take these studies to be made before you
make a move? Does it require a war to be started before you will
do anything in Spain."
"No, indeed, sir," winced the State Department witness. "We
are going to start very shortly."
"I have heard that before, so I am just taking it with a grain
of salt," grumbled the Nevadan. Then he snapped at Bonbright ac.
cusingly: "You do not seem to know much about it, any more than
you know much about your department, from what I have listened
to this morning.
SPAIN AND NATO
McCARRAN ALSO tried to blame President Truman's cool attitude
toward Spain on the hapless witness.
"Why is there no mention in the President's message as to
Spain, do you know?" he demanded.
"I do not know, sir," Bonbright shook his head.
"Does your Bureau of European affairs have anything to do
with the preparation of the President's statement relative to the
Franco government in Spain?" McCarran pressed.
"No, sir," said Bonbright.
"Are you sure of that?" persisted the Senator.
"Absolutely, sir," replied Bonbright.
Having reached a dead end, McCarran hurtled off in another
direction and demanded that Spain be admitted into the North
But Bonbright threw cold water on the suggestion and again
stirred up the Senator's wrath.
"I think the fact is, sir," said Bonbright, "that the chances of
getting Spain into the Atlantic pact now are bad."
"Why?" bellowed McCarran. "Is it because Great Britain does
not want her in? Is that it?"
"I think you will find many more countries . . ." Bonbright
started to explain. But McCarran cut him short.
"Great Britain wants to enjoy the trade of Spain," exploded the
Navadan. "She is enjoying the trade of Spain in the amount of hun-
dreds of millions of dollars and wants to keep us out. That is the
principal thing, is it not? Then
you have a small contingent in
France, of Spanish refugees who
were run out of Spain-the Com-
munists-who are fighting the ad- 4ftlv*
mission of Spain."
DAILY OFFICIAL BULL'ETiN
The ACLU on Cl Lb
T HE PRESERVATION and enlargement
of civil liberties, the core of the "rule of
law" which is the heart of democracy, re-
quire the faithful observance of the funda-
mental constitutional principle that our gov-
ernment is one of delegated, enumerated
and limited powers. This involves clear re-
pudiation of the doctrine that the executive
branch h even for emergency purposes any
"inherent" or "residual" powers beyond
those expressly granted or reasonably im-
plied in the Constitution.
The growing complexity of society and
government implies the necessity of leg-
islative and administrative hearings. But
if American citizens are to have due pro-
cess in this new and rapidly expanding
area of government by hearing, then Con-
gress and the executive departments must
adopt fair rules of procedure equivalent to
judicial due process.
Wh believe that the Federal Communi-
cations Act should be amended to make
clear the Congressional intent that wire-
tannina. ent in the intereot f ntionnl
intangibles-the impairment of federal em-
ployees' morale by making them fearful of
exercising their citizens' rights of free speech
and association, and the discouragement of
outstanding personnel from taking govern-
ment posts by making them fearful of un-
just secret accusations.
We call attention to the Congressional
investigation of radio and television now
going on. We believe that "previous re-
straint is a form of infringement upon
freedom of expression to be especially con-
We urge that the rights now accorded to
religious conscientious objectors be accorded
also to those who in good faith refuse to
fight on philosophical grounds.
We urge the immediate appointment of
an impartial, eminent, and qualified com-
mission to investigate and report on all
aspects o fthe momentous problem of main-
taining both national security and individual
Constitutionality apart, we urge that
Sections 2 and 3 of the Smith act of 1940,
which mnakeit unlawful to teach or advo-
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
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Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
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University. Notices should be sentin
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Administration Building before 3 p.m.
the day preceding publication (11 a.m.
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Recommendations for Departmental
Honors: Teaching departments wishing
to recommend tentative August gradu-
ates from the College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts, and the School
of Education for departmental honors
should recommend such students in a
letter to be sent to the Registrar's Of-
fice, Room 1513 Administration Building
before August 21.
Edward G. Groesbeck
Attention August Graduates: College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts,
School of Education, School of Music,
School of Public Health:
Students are advised not to request
grades of I or X in August. When such
grades are absolutely imperative, the
work must be made up in time to allow
your instructor to report the make-up
grade not later than 11 a.m.. August
21. Grades received after that time may
defer the student's graduation until a
Edward G. Groesbeck.
All Applicants for the Doctorate who
are planning to take the August pre-
liminary examinations, in education, to
be held from 9:00 a.m. to 12:00 N, Au-
gust 18, 19, and 20, 1952, will please no-
tify the chairman of the committee on
graduate studies in education, room
4019 University High School, immedi-
Harlan C. Koch, Chairman
Committee on Graduate
Studies, School of Education
special Program. Prepared by foreign
students from the Institute of Interna-
tional Education. Friday evening, Aug-
English and girls physcial education;
and industrial arts and assistant coach.
The director of Personnel, San Diego,
California, announces the following
positions open: woodshop and mechan-
ical drawing; and radio-electricity.
The supervisor of industrial arts, Up-
per Marlboro, Maryland, announces the
following position open: auto mechan-
ics; and elementary printing-mechani-
The Department of the Army in Ger-
many needs a Russian, language in-
structor to serveuina civilian capacity.
Salary $5940, plus free housing for em-
ployee and dependents.
The Michigan Civil Service Commis-
sion announces examinations for sev-
eral positions as music director in state
For further information call at 3528
Administration Building or telephone
University extension 2614.
The Shreveport Child Guidance Cen-
ter, Shreveport, Louisiana, has a position
available in the Mental Hygiene Clinic
located in the E. A. Conway Memorial
Hospital in Monroe, Louisiana. This Is
a State Operated Clinic supported also
by Federal funds. The need is for a
Psychiatric Social Worker.
The Electric Auto-Lite Company, Bay
City, Michigan, has an opening for an
Electrical Engineer for work in connec-
tion with maintaining the quality of
automotive horns. Laboratory testing,
analysis of difficulties arising in manu-
facture, and similar related work are
the main phases of the job.
The J. I. Case Company, Racine, Wis-
consin, is interested in hearing from
men who wou]d like to enter its train-
ing program. Company manufactures
farm equipment. The company employs
graduates for the following positions:
Production, Metallurgical control and
Engineering, Accounting, Sales, and In-
The Young Women's Christian Asso-
ciation, Battle Creek, Michigan, is in
need of people who are interested in
Young Adult Activities. Would like to
have applications from any young wom-
en who are interested in work of this
type in Battle Creek.
The Lumbermen's Mutual Casualty
Company, Chicago, Illinois, is interest-
ed in hearing from August graduates
who wou]d like working in underwrit-
ing, accounting, statistics, claims and
sales. Application blanks are available
McCARRAN IS STUMPED
DO NOT KNOW any European
country, sir, outside of Portu-
gal, that has indicated a favor-
able attitude toward inviting Spain
in now," retorted Bonbright.
"The Congress of the United
States has appropriated $100,-
000,000 to assist her economically,
and she knows all that. How do
you expect to get concessions
from Spain when you do not go
along with that policy the Con-
gress has set up?" sizzled Mc-
"Sir," spoke up Bonbright, "the
Spanish government, for one thing
has taken the public position that
it does not wantto join the North
This stopped the rumbling, rav-
ing McCarran short.
"Are you sure of that?" he de-
"Yes, sir," assured Bonbright,
and he read a news dispatch
quoting Spanish Foreign Minis-
ter Martin Atago directly.
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