THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SATURDAY, JULY 16, 1949
WITH DREW PEARSON
THE MAIN DRAWBACK of the recent
National Education Association ruling
that Communists be excluded from the
teaching profession is of semantic origin.
Who is to be considered what the NEA
calls a "Communist?" A man with socialistic
leanings? A man who was a member of
the Conrmunist Party 20 years ago? A pro-
fessor who calls for complete academic free-
The NEA resolution could take effect slow-
ly, gradually gain momentum and then
turn into an uncontrollable weapon, striking
Gov. G. Mennen Williams termed an affair
of that sort a "toboggan slide." It can't be
stopped, and when it finally passes us by,
only incompetent men are left, the Governor
said, although his reference was to Commu-
nists in government.
The Governor is opposed to Communists
holding government posts. I do not advocate
Communists be handed the teaching reins.
But to strike down innocent people because
hysteria blots out all reason is another.
And it has happened. Rep. Nixon, co-
author of the Mundt-Nixon bill, raised the
roof-and many eyelids-when he demanded
that the judge conducting the Alger Hiss
trial be investigated. There were demands
that the jury members who voted for ac-
quittal be investigated.
Incidentally, that seemed awfully typical
of Nixon and his cohorts. Just look at what
they were saying, in effect: "We're true
Americans. We believe in the American way.
Trial by jury is the American way-as long
as you don't acquit someone we have black-
But the point is that many innocent people
have bben investigated and will continue to
be investigated. If they are innocent, they
have nothing to worry about except the loss
of prestige, friends and commercial con-
tacts which an investigation seems to in-
All of which means nothing to the ardent
supporters of indiscriminate investigations.
And the investigations are indiscriminate,
because they're using an elephant gun to
bring down a flea.
Furthermore, Communist legislation be-
comes a terrible and powerful weapon in
the hands of ruthlets individuals. They can
attack personal enemies, business competi-
tors and political opponents under the guise
of ferreting out subversive persons.
But perhaps there's some beauty in the
toboggan-slide type rulings. Any studei dis-
satisfied with a 'grade can now report that
his professor has presented Communist
propaganda in his lectures and presto: In-
vestigation, complication, possible incrim-
ination, and revenge !
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: JOHN NEUFELD
WASHINGTON-Even the Senators' wives
are embroiled in the Republican-Dixie-
crat coalition that now really rules the Sen-
The Senate Ladies' Auxiliary, sometimes
called the Senate Ladies Luncheon Club, is
a friendly organization of all Senate wives
regardless of politics, which ordinarily is
presided, over by the wife of the Vice Pres-
ident. But since Alben Barkley is a widower
and the next Democrat in line-President
Pro Tem of the Senate Kenneth McKellar
-is a bachelor, the next ranking wife is
Mrs. Millard Tydings of Maryland whose
husband was elected to the Senate in 1927.
Mrs. Tydings, daughter of ex-ambassador
Joe Davies, is one of the loveliest ladies in
the Senate, and it has always been taken
for granted that the wife with the most
seniority should be automatioally elected.
However, the Club's bylaws call for an elec-
tion in case there is no vice president, and
this year Mrs. Taft of Ohio, as astute as
she is charming, saw to it that the bylaws
were carried out.
Rather than see her rival, Mrs. Tydings,
elected, Mrs. Taft rallied the Republican
wives behind a Dixiecrat dark horse-Helen
Ellender, wife of the Senator from Louis-
iana. This was contrary to all tradition, since
Senator Ellender wasn't elected until 10
years after Tydings.
But, as in the Senate, the GOP-Dixiecrat
coalition won and Mrs. Ellender became
president of the Ladies' Auxiliary. That's
the reason for the social icicles today when-
ever Mrs. Taft and Mrs. Tydings meet.
Note-Chief activity of the Ladies Auxil-
iary is Red Cross work. Once a week, the
wives don Red Crosstuniforms, meet in two
spacious rooms allotted for them in the
Senate office building. Meanwhile, Senate
employees are cramped for lack of space. Yet
Senator Ellender, whose wife has charge of
the two empty rooms, is blocking a bill to
construct a new office building.
RELIGIOUS DEBATE IN CONGRESS
Most important issue now being discussed
in Capitol Hill cloakrooms is the religious
fight over federal aid to education. This
was brought to a head when Cardinal Spell-
man hurled the "bigot charge at Con-
gressman Graham Barden of North Caro-
lina, author of the provision that no money
from the education bill be used for any relig-
ious school-whether Catholic, Baptist or
Ever since, Congressmen's offices have
been deluged with mail-on, both sides of
the question-some of it bitter.
One Congressman who met the issue early
is Rep. Andrew Jacobs, Indiana Democrat,
himself a Catholic, but who has defended
Barden against Cardinal Spellman's attaci.
Going back to his home town, Indianapolis,
some time ago, Jacobs attended a Knights
of Columbus meeting where he put the
issue of federal education up to a large group
of Catholics. After lengthy debate the con-
sensus of opinion was that federal money
should not go to parochial schools.
"The only one who disagreed," says Con-
gressman Jacobs, "was the priest. The non-
clergy Catholics all felt there was a great
danger to the church if federal money was
used for church schools. Eventually, the
government might dominate the thinking of
STATE OVER CHURCH
Congressman John McSweeney of Ohio
has taken a similarview. Writing to Father
Edward S. Hannon of Wooster, ., Mc-
Sweeney argued: "Although I realize that
parents of parochial school children are tax-
payers, I know that you will agree with me
" DON'T THINK loyalty oaths are worth
two cents," Governor Williams told The
Daily in an interview Wednesday evening.
It is refreshing to find a man in public
office who has not been carried away by the
current hysteria that sees a Communist
lurking behind every bush. Loyalty investigate
tions, Congressional committees, and irre-
sponsible name-calling are rapidly making
a farce of a matter which should be ap-
proached calmly and with a sober realiza-
tion of its importance.
No responsible citizen will deny the
right or the duty of law-enforcement offi-
cials to investigate, try, and punish male-
factors. And this right and this duty
certainly include the obligation to render
harmless any persons who may plot to
overthrow our government.
But let us not be carried away by our
fear of Communist encroachment to the
point where we may ourselves do irresporl-
sible harm to our democratic institutions.
The principle that every man is entitled to
his day in court is one of the proudest fea-
tures of an enlightened government-one
of the things that distinguishes a constitu-
tional government from a police state.
Criminals must be punished, yes. But
let us first prove that they are criminals.
Let us bring forward the charges against
them and give them a chance to defend
themselves before an impartial judge and
in that these parents have the freedom of
choice between sending their children to a
public or a parochial school.
"I wish to point out also that there is
always the possibility that parochial-schools
would lose their identity as such should they
receive public funds since public school offi-
cials are entrusted with the task of estab-
lishing educational standards which may
run counter to the teaching of the particular
church sponsoring parochial schools. This
would result in clashes of ideology.
"I firmly believe that a great danger would
be encountered by parochial schools should
they receive public funds and thereby come
under the control of state boards of educa-
On the other hand, Congressmen Lesinski
of Michigan and Kennedy of Massachusetts,
both Catholics and both Democratic mem-
bers of the Education and Labor Committee,
are endeavoring to bottle the bill in com-
mittee and state quite frankly that they are
motivated by church opposition.
* * *
Representatives Richard Nixon of Cali-
fornia and Harold Velde of Illinois, both
Republicans, did some fast backtracking
when the House Un-American Activities
Committee held a showdown, closed-doo
session on their demands to investigate Fed-
eral Judge Samuel Kaufman and the Alger
In fact, the two Congressmen almost
tripped over themselves denying that they
made such demands though this did not
come until after some blunt sermonizing by
"The charges you are making against this
judge are little short of outrageous," crackled
Democratic Representative Francis Walter
of Pennsylvania, "particularly when you use
this committee as a political sounding board.
Even if the charges were true, this com-
mittee has no business investigating judged-
to satisfy the political grudges of any of its
Nixon and Velde fell back on the old de-
fense of being "misquoted" by the press.
"We never demanded that this committee
investigate Judge Kaufman," they claimed.
However, Representative Burr Harrison of
Virginia pulled out the actual newspaper
reports of their attacks on Kaufman.
"Newspapers all over the country," he
said, "stated that you did demand an investi-
gation of the judge, speaking as members
of this committee. That's pretty conclusive
The two Republicans didn't reply. Nor did
they dissent when Chairman John Wood of
Georgia, with an angry flourish of his gavel,
ruled: "Without objection, we will inform
the press that it is not the intention of this
committee to investigate Judge Kaufman."
(Copyright, 1949, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
THE HOUSE COMMITTEE on Un-Amer-
ican Activities, at the moment having
nothing more dramatic to do with its funds
and facilities, has undertaken to punish cer-
tain residents of the District of Columbia
for* opinions and associations which the
committee deems offensive but which have
not yet been shown to be in any respect
criminal. The procedure is very simple. Per-
sons presumed to be Communists are haled
*efore the committee and asked if they be-
long to the Communist Party. The commit-
tee, in most cases, seems to have evidence
that they are party members, so it can
scarcely be said to be seeking information.
The witnesses might be better advised and
would certainly seem more respectable if
they were to answer the question frankly
instead of hiding behind a constitutional
right to avoid self-incrimination. In either
case they are incriminated not in a legal
sense but in the public mind. And the in-
crimination may entail severe economic pen-
-The Washington Post.
WHAT we obtain too cheap,. we esteem too
lightly; it is dearness only that -gives
everything its value.
THE GOD who gave us life, gave us liberty
at the same time.
Edited and managed by students of the University
of Michigan under the authority of the Board in
Control of Student Publications.
B. S. Brown..................Co-Managing Editor
Craig Wilson.................Co-Managing Editor
"I'll Show Ya Who's Doing The Driving!"
The Daily accords its readers the
privilege of submitting letters for
publication in this column. Subject
to space limitations, the general pol-
icy is to publish in the order in which
they are received all letters bearing
the writer's signature and address.I
Letters exceeding 300 words, repeti-
tious letters and letters of asdefamia-
tory character or such letters which
for any other reason are not in good
taste will not be published. The
editors reserve the privilege of con-
* * *
Leave or Die ...
To the Editor:
This evening we had the effron-
ery to enter the Hallowed Fronte
Doore of the Men's Union. As we
crossed the tradition-bound thres-
hold, a strapping young gentleman
(?) with muscles of steel accosted
us, reminding us that women are
not permitted to enter the Fronte
Doore of the Union. "But why?"
we innocently asked. "Yours is
not to reason why, yours is but
to leave or die." Thus spake he.
Before we could raise an eyebrow
in protest, he brutally heaved us
down the front steps. In the en-
suing struggle this Guardian of
Tradition won out, leaving us
panting on the sidewalk. We
screamed, but to no avail. Our
faces the color of our red sweat-
shirts (Tovarich!) we found our-
selves in tatters. Object we did.
But as the stalwart man stalked
away from the two bodies, he
shouted, "I paid my fifty dollars
for a life membership. Women
shall not pass!"
This incident brought home to
Letters to the Editor -
us the point that in this commun-
ity of scholars, silly and stupid
tradition reigns supreme. It is
time that we become realistic.
Shall such tradition continue to
hamper the freedom of women?--
NO! We shall fight on until the
victory of our sex is won. Women
of Michigan, students of Michi-
gan, unite and fight!
(Ed. Note: This letter was dated
"Bastille IDay.July 14, 1949-Vivent
Ludus Tonalis . ..
To the Editor:
"All music of the past may be
divided into such as existed for
players and singers alone and such
as was intended to be listened to;
the preludes and fugues of the
Well-Tempered Clavier into those
that can be played for oneself and
those that can be played. for oth-
ers; Beethoven's sonatas into the
intimate and the concertante. How
barbarous our concert-life has be-
come is shown principally in the
fact ,that we no longer feel such
These words of Dr. Alfred Ein-
stein, found in his book "Mozart,
His Character, His Work," have
significant bearing on the inclu-
sion of Paul Hindemith's Ludus
Tonalis in the recital perfomed by
Willard MacGregor last Tuesday
--Carlos A. Soares
MATTER OF FACT:
By STEWART ALSOP
SINGAPORE-This great strategic outpost of British power is really
two cities, mixed and mingled together, a Chinese city and a
British city. The Chinese city is precisely like any city in China
proper: the monstrously crowded streets, the unending rows o open,
boxlike shops; the smells, the steady chattering noise, the violent
colors, the ant-like energy. There are more than 700,000 Chinese in
the Chinese city.
The British city is diluted Rudyard Kipling, with its dull but
imposing colonial architecture, its cricket lawns, its clubs from which
Asiatics are rigidly excluded, and its air, a little shopworn now, of
conscious power and conscious rectitude. There are less than 8,000
British in the British city.n
* * * * *
There is a facade of self-government in the crown colony of
Singapore. But all real power stems from the heart of the British
city-the Governor General's "Palace," with its well tended lawns
and its well oiled cannon. It is hard to believe that the palce
has seen any changes since -Kipling's time.
In the Chinese city a change is taking place. From the walls of
the boxlike shops, pictures of Chiang Kai-shek are being torn down.
Furtively, pictures of Mao Tse-tung are being pasted up. What has
happened in China is already clearly reflected here. How soon, and
how decisively, will the great Chinese city challenge the power of
the tiny British city?
British power has already been challenged once-last summer,
when the Chinese Communist high command ordered the Communist
Chinese here to switch from agitation to direct action. When the
riots and shooting started, the British reacted swiftly and toughly.
The Communist leaders were seized, and some were hanged. The
Communist party was broken in Singapore, and since then a great
uneasy calm has descended on the city.
* * * *
The British believe that the calm will continue. They point
out that they have certain assets in the struggle for power which
is now silently being waged. In the first place, Singapore is an
island, hemmed in by the power of British troops, ships and
planes. Armed resistance is easy enough in the jungle, but it is
not easy in an island city.
In the second place, at least half of Singapore's population are
aliens, and as aliens, deportable. This is a weapon which the British
have already used, sparingly. From Singapore and Malaya, they have
sent upward of 5,000 Chinese back to China, which means from com-
parative prosperity to aching poverty. The mere threat of using this
weapon may be enough to keep Chinese resistance down to the level
of pasting Mao's pictures on walls.
In the third place (and here is a sharp contrast to the rest of
colonial Asia) the native Malays are the allies of the British. They
are allies of the British not because they love the British but because
they fear. the Chinese. After the Japanese surrender, when the
Chinese Communists briefly seized power, the Malays learned a lesson
-that if the British went, they would be reduced to near-serfdom
by the richer and more energetic Chinese. The large and tough
police force here is made up almost entirely of Malays.
* * * *
These are the assets which the British command. Yet the
odds seem very great-thousands against hundreds of thousands.
Much will clearly depend on the extent to which the Chinese city
will support the new rulers of the Chinese homeland. This is,
in fact, one of Asia's great political conundrums. For every city
in Southeast Asia has its own Chinatown, though none so huge
as Singapore. 4
British officials who should know do not take the pasting up of
Mao's picture too seriously. Of the 700,000 Chinese here, they say,
probably 500,000 are wholly indifferent to such matters. These Chinese
are concerned only with making a living. Most of the rest are
pro-Communist only because they do not want to alienate whatever
government holds power in China; they want to protect their property,
their avenues of trade and their family connections. For these reasons,
the rich Chinese here are already financing the local Communists.
But the rich men want no trouble.
Those who do wantrtrouble, and are willing to take personal
risks to make trouble, are probably less than 10,000 of the total
Chinese population. And the weapons which the British command
here will be enough to control this Communist hard core.
Thus the British reason. There are those who believe that, as
they have been before, the British are too complacent. But there is
one point on which all agree. If much more of Asia goes, the Com-
munists will take the Chinese city. The Chinese city will at length
take the British city, and another vital outpost of the West in Asia
will be lost. Such are the appalling risks we have run by letting
(Copyright. 1949, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
All notices for the Daily Officialg
Bulletin are to be sent to the Office
of the Summer Session in typewritten
form by 3:30 p.m. of the day preced-
ing its publication, except on Satur-
day when the notices should be sub-
mitted by 11:30 a.m., Room 3510 Ad-
SATURDAY, JULY 16, 1949 t
VOL. LIX, No. 19S1
College of of Literature, Science
and the Arts, Schools of Educa-
tion, Forestry, Music, and Public1
Health:- Students who received
marks of I, X, or "no report" at
the close of their last semester orl
summer session of attendance, will
receive a grade of E in the course
or courses unless this work is made3
up by July 20. Students, wishingt
an extension of time beyond thist
date in order to make up this work,
should file a petition addessed to1
the appropriate official in their
school with Room 1513 Adminis-
tration Building, where it will be1
Lecture: "Transient Elastic
Waves in Bedrock," by H. M.
Westergaard, Gordon MacKay
Professor of Engineering, Harvard!
University, 11:00 a.m., Room 445
West Engineering Building.
Doctoral Preliminary Examina-
tions for Students in Education:
Preliminary examinations for doc-
toral applicants in education will
be held August 15, 16, 17. All stu-
dents who anticipate taking these
examinations must file their
names and fields of specialization
with the chairman of the Com-
mittee on Graduate Studies in Ed-~
ucation, Rm. 4012, University High1
School, not later than Aug. 1.
Student Recital: Sister Mary
Aiden Pick, graduate student of
voice with Arthur Hackett, will
present a program at 4:15 p.m.,
Tuesday, July 19, in Rackham As-
sembly Hall, in partial fulfillment
of the requirements for the Master
of Music degree. Her program will
include compositions by Durante,
Scarlatti, Stradella, Bononcini, As-
torga, Schumann, Franck, Szulc,
Pierne, Horsman, Bax, Wurth,
Hageman, Dunhill. This recital is
open to the public.
Student Recital: Joyce Lawr-
ence, graduate student of piano
with Joseph Brinkman, will pre-
sent a program at 8:00 p.m., Mon-
day, July 18, at the Rackham As-
sembly Hall, in partial fulfillment
of the requirements for the degree
of Master of Music. Her program
will include compositions by Bee-
thoven, -Hindemith, Mozart, De-
bussy, Brahms and Chopin.
Rackham Galleries: Paintings
by Willard MacGregor, Visiting
Professor of Piano, School of Mu-
sic (July 8-August 5), East Gal-
Museum of Art: Drawings by
Isamu Noguchi, through July 31;
Arabic and Persian Miniatures,
through Aug. 3. Alumni Memorial
Hall. Weekdays, 9-5, Sundays, 2-5.
The public is invited.
University Community Center,
1045 Midway Place, Willow Run
Sat., July 16, 8 p.m., Square
Dance, Marian Pierce, chairman.
Have you done your part? Do
you care? How about coming to
the Benefit Ice Cream Carnival
tonight and helping bring a DP
to the Michigan campus. Join the
rest of us for fun and good fellow-
ship on the Congregational lawn,
State and William, 7 to 12 tonight.
Ice cream and cake, and all the
trimmings. Square dancing on the
tennis courts for everybody. Spon-
sored by Congregational-Disciples
and E.R. Guild.
Visitors' Night, Department of
Astronomy: Saturday, July 16,
8:30-10 p.m. in the Observatory,
(Observatory and E. Ann Streets,
opposite University Hospital) for
observation of Jupiter, star clus-
ters, and double stars. Visitors'
Night will be cancelled if the sky
is cloudy. Children must be ac-
companied by adults.
Closing Tonight: The Glass
Menagerie by Tennessee Williams,
at Lydia Mendelssohn Theater, 8
p.m. Voted the best Broadway
play in 1945 for "its sensitive un-
derstanding of four troubled hu-
man beings." Tickets on sale now
at the Theater box office, 10 a.m.
to 8 p.m.
Open House at Maison Francaise,
1027 E. University, Monday, July
18th, 8:00 p.m. to 10:00 p.m.
French speakers welcome.
Russian Circle meeting, Monday,
July 18, 8:00 o'clock, at the Inter-
national Center. Movie: Peoples
of the USSR. All interested are
AND AMERICANS have solid
reason to remember that in
1939, when Hitler was ready for
war, he calculated that the United
States could not marshal its vast
power in time to prevent his con-
quest of Europe. He was almost
right-and had it not been for the
fact that, no matter how tardily,
we did acqu re pgerfu allies, h
might wellube running the world
Now we propose to name our
allies in advance, to put the Rus-
sians an notice, to express an atti-
tude and a policy that in its very
expression may save the peace. But
to make that expression utterly
convincing, we must logically back
it with military power . . *
35 YEARS AGO:
A LOCAL HABERDASHER excitedly ad-
vertised "one-piece" shirt-shorts for
sale. The shirts had no tails-they just kept
going down and down into the nicest pair
of drawers you ever saw, the ad said. The
best things about them are: no creeping
and no bunching inside the trousers. Besides,
you save yourself the price of one garment.
25 YEARS AGO:
In the fourth day of the Olympic Games
at Colombes, France, the United States was
well ahead of the pack with 134 points, with
Finland taking seconds with 83. Great Brit-
ain trailed with 34. Out of 12 events so far,
the Americans took six.
* * *
20 YEARS AGO:
Uncle Sam started taking consumers'
money, but only ,lowly. The government
began recalling all bills and started issuf4
the new money, which is only two-thirds the
size of the old. The largest bills were of $500,
$1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 denominations.
There were even the now-defunct two-dollar
* * *
10 YEARS AGO:
England told Hitler in no uncertain terms
that she would side with Poland if Germany
tried to take the free city of Danzig back
into the Reich.
A fourth face, that of Theodore Roosevelt,
was being carved in the face of Mount Rush-
more, along with three other famous presi-
dents already sculptured. The sculptor had
been working on the statuary in solid granite
since August of 1927.
* * *
5 YEARS AGO:
United States soldiers advanced within
sight of historic St. Lo and Lessay, France,
strategic anchors of the collapsing German
fPearl culture, Barnaby! I can
Oysters would be better.
Pearls are made up of
Fine. Now to insert a speck