' - 'THE MICHIGAN DAILY
vie Silent Me
E LEVEN MEN'S civil liberties were lost in
the shuffle of legal technicalities when
the Supreme Court denied the leaders of the
Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee the
right for further appeal.
'Because these men were courageous
enough to refuse to recognize the dubious
right of the House Un-American Activitiea
Committee to investigate their private rec-
ords on the grounds that their organization
was "subversive," they were convicted of
contempt for that esteemed body. And be-
cause of the refusal of "certiorari" by the
Court, they will have to pay the fines and
serve the jail sentences for their courage.
The history of their appeals provides
enough of a doubt for the Supreme Court
t have reviewed the case. Both of the
Circuit Courts were divided on the ques-
tion. The conviction of Dr. Edward A.
Barsky and the 10 other committee mem-
bers was sustained by,' a vote of two to
one in the District of Columbia Circuit
Court of Appeals. The dissenting Justice
Edgerton declared that the very term
"un-American' is completely indefinite."
The basic issue, he maintained, was
"whether Americans may be fined and
imprisoned for passive resistance" to the
house Committee's "inquest into their
political and economic views."
Because the Supreme Court is silent on
this basicissue, it raises questions about
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are. written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NTGHT EDITOR: PAT JAMES
"+ - - - - - -~ --- - ---- -""_
similar cases which have been appealed to
the court. Gerhard Eisler, who was con-
victed for contempt, has asked review of
his conviction. His conviction was also up-
held by a split decision of two to one in
an appellate court. The "unfriendly wit-
nesses" in the Hollywood investigations, two
of whom refused to answer "yes or no" to
the question ."Are you, or have you ever
been a member of the Communist Party?"
will be coming up too. Will the court then
choose to remain aloof from the very basic
fight for political freedom?
If it does, what, then? This week we have
heard some hoarse shouting at the Repub-
lican convention. Not a little of it was
directed towards threats of wiping out the
"reds" in this country, dropping them from
federal payrolls and eliminating the atmo-
sphere which allows them to "bask in Marx-
ism." Nor are the Democrats loath to be left
off the. "red-hunting" bandwagon-their
record is no better on the issue.
Allowing men of the caliber of J. Parnell
Thomas to define a Communist is a dan-
gerous and sickening precedent. Some of us
may joke about the broad definition that
the word Communist includes, but there
have been cases during the 30's when neigh-
bors testified in the civil service inquisitions
that the unrepresented defendant was' a
Communist because he read liberal mag-
azines and was suspected of believing in
The Supreme Court is the last resort
to which men who believe in. liberty can
turn. Our country cannot afford to have
cowardice and fear running rampant nor
can it afford to have nine silent nen
ignore their freedom,
MATTER OF FACT:
Seventeen Vi ce-Presidents
By JOSEP1H and STEWART ALSOP
PHILA ILPHIA - As these words are
written, the sweating delegates are .still
tensely balloting for the Presidential nom-
inee. Although the main issue is undecided,
this seems a good time to put forward a
great project of Constitutional reform, the
need for which has been clearly disclosed
by this convention.
In brief, what is needed is to remodel the
Federal government on the lines of the
Chase Bank, thus remedying its most ser-
ious deficiency-the singleness of the Vice-
Presidency. A majority of the statesmen
here present would unquestionably vote for
an amendment providing seventeen Federal
Vice-Presidents, or whatever other number
may be the Chase Bank's current total. An
improved Federal establishment and still
more interesting Republican Conventions
would be the immediate results of this great
refar _,_. . .
The happy case of House Majority
Leader Charles Halleck and the sad story
of Governor Dwight Green of Illinois pro-
side proof enough that the need for this
great reform is grave and urgent. They
also convey more of what can only be
called the odor of this convention than
any other single episode.
To begin with, Representative Halleck,
this active, ambitious, busy little man, has
always cultivated connections with impor-
tant persons; and one of his long-standing
connections was with Governor Thomas E.
Dewey. It was not clear. It was not definite.
But it was nevertheless rather generally
understood long mpnths ago, that Repre-
sentative Halleck would be for Dewey at
Philadelphia, and that Dewey would confer
on Representative Halleck the second place
on his ticket. Representative Halleck was,
a hopeful man when he entered this city
at the head of the Indiana delegation, which
was pledged to him as the state's favorite
Unfortunately, there are more votes in
Illinois than there are in Indiana, and Gov-
ernor Green has long felt that there was
something a trifle provincial about life in
Springfield. The Dewey managers had the
happy but rather foolish idea that Governor
Green could defy the terrifying thunder of
Colonel Robert R. McCormick and take
part of the Illinois delegation away from
Senator Robert A. Taft. If this bold putsch
or jacquerie of the political peasantry of
Illinois could only succeed, Governor Green
would have the natural right to a glittering
new life, as Vice-President in the nation's
With the prize of Illinois dangling be-
fore them, the always business-like Dewey
management deferred nailing down the
smaller, easier prize of Indiana. At first
Representative Halleck was a little plain-
tive about the absence of an'y reassurance
about his own future. He was heard to
wonder whether he ought to go to Gover-
nor Dewey, to talk things over, or wait for
Governor Dewey to talk to him..
Then proper pride asserted itself. Two
days before the balloting he joined the
councils of the combination which was then
forming to stop Governor Dewey. He as-
sured Michigan State chairman Arthur
Summerfield that he would not go for Dewey
and meant to hold the Indiana delegation
to their favorite-son commitment to him-
self, or twenty-four hours, Halleck was,
in truth, an active member of the grand
alliance against the New York Governor.
Evei in the afternoon of the last day, when
rumors had begun to circulate about In-
diana being for Dewey, Halleck assured
Summerfield that his determination had
Something else had happened in the in-
terval, however. The Dewey bandwagon had
roared into Indiana, and almost all the
delegates formally committed to Halleck
had briskly climbed aboard. Evidently Hal-
leck learned of this shortly after his tele-
phone conversation with Summerfield, and
decided to make the best of a bad bus-
iness. At any rate, when Indian caucused
on the evening before the balloting, he had
experienced a startling change of heart.
Representative Halleck stirred the In-
diana caucus with an impassioned oration
on Governor Dewey's virtues, suddenly but
completely recalled to his mind. Indiana
voted unanimously to go for Dewey on
the first ballot, with ex-favorite son Hal-
leck leading the parade.
Prior to this event, meanwhile, Governor
Green had tried to organize his Illinois jac-
querie, and sadly failed. Far from resem-
bling an impassioned uprising of the op-
pressed, the episode was much more like the
brief independence of a rather timid little
boy. The stern teacher merely points to the
ruler, and the boy shrinks away from the
jampot, and bows his little head with a
tear in his little eye.
Representative Halleck, it is rumored, may
still be Governor Dewey's running mate de-
spite his flirtations with the anti-Dewey
alliance. But if the amendment to remodel
the Federal government were only on the
statutebooks today, it would also be possible
to bring contentment and happiness to Gov-
ernor Green, Senator Ferguson, Governor
Driscoll, and quite a lot of other people who
rather oddly want to be Vice-President too.
(Copyright, 1948, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
pHTLAD'ELPHIA--The only thing here
that comes near being an issue is "in-
ternationalism" versus "non-international-
ism." And it is a lucky thing the issue is
around, because otherwise this would really
be just a school fight between the blues and
The issue of internationalism alone saves
the convention from being a week of noise
without fervor. Whatever real emotion there
may be here, beating against the nickel-
plated surface of this convention, is gen-
erated by this issue, and on it alone, it is
possible for any of the participants here to
make an approach to passion. Of course,
as compared with the Willkie days of eight
years ago, it seems like passion and water,
passion reflected in a mirror or heard in an
echo, but it is authentic for all that.
And yet, for the life of me, I cannot see
that this convention is going to, or is able
to, take any conclusive action on the issue
of internationalism, but a kind of min-
gling of the two instead, producing a
mish-mash, to use one of Care Booth
Luce's favorite words.
The two sides, the internationalist and
the non-internationalist, have made so
many concessions to each other that they
are distinguishable only in terms of tend-
ency, rather than in terms of position.
First, all the internationalist candidates
here, and the not-so-internationalist ones
and the party itself all base foreign policy
on defense. Defense is the first noun to crop
up in the typical foreign affairs statement.
But defense, the building up of a huge mili-
tary power by one nation, is not, strictly
speaking, an international concept. In phil-
osophical terms it might even be called
anti-internationalist. It is a concept which
makes for easy agreement, but, to the same
degree, it dulls or even obliterates lines.
It means there isn't an internationalist here'
who can see very far beyond a future of
enormous American arms expenditure; and
if we think back to Willkie again, it was
what he saw that made him important, and
not only the programs that were linked with
Second, there is general talk here that
if an internationalist is nominated, the
lower place on the ticket will have to go
to a not-so-internationalist, and vice and
versa. Again, the mish-mash which is so
basic in the structure of this convention
and which found one expression in the
talk of a Taft-Stassen ticket.
Third, there is a kind of disdain here for
previous efforts at international agreement.
Even if Yalta and Teheran were failures, it
is hard to see how real internationalists can
enjoy saying so quite as much as they some-
times seem to here. Here, too, the question
is one of perspective, of what you see ahead
when you stand on a chair and peer into the
Fourth, any candidate nominated will, if
elected, have to carry the not-so-interna-
tionalist Republican Congress along with
him; his pockets will be filled with lead by
the same hands which push him forward
on his trot toward a different and better
And so, as I say, I salute the passion
that is at work here in favor of interna-
tionalism, but there has rarely been a worse
setting for the fulfillments of a passion.
They are looking for their love where she
is not, searching streets down which she has
(Copyright, 1948, New York Post Corporation)
THE LAST MINUTE failure of the Senate
to pass the Mundt-Nixon Anti-Sub-
versive Activities Bill, which the House had
approved earlier, points to a liberal attitude
on the part of the nation toward suppression
of minority and radical viewpoints.
The press of other legislation and 'the
shortness of time before the GOP Conven-
tion were the reasons given for the bill's
not reaching a Senate vote. However, other
reasons can easily be implied:
1. Senator Taft, of Ohio, and other Re-
publicans, opposed the measure, saying it
would drive the Communists underground
by its close restriction and that the legis-
lation was termed in too vague phrases.
2. Attorney General Tom Clark suggested
that the bill might be unconstitutional and
the cautious Senate hesitates before passing
legislation that might be subject to an ad-
verse Supreme Court decision.
3. The Senate GOP leaders may have
wished to avoid a break with the House
over the hot issue by voting down the
In all, the House stands rebuked for
succumbing to the temptation to approve
emotional legislation based on post-war
hysteria and the nation. appears Finally
ready for anormal concept of maintain-
ing national security.
That concept involves the prosecution
of those who attempt or advocate (with the
purpose of inciting others) the immediate
and violent overthrow of our system of
government by illegal means. If, on the
".X_ -;-,. - "
WasltenwPost Tribune e
"SEMANICS" is a good word, though only a few of the 80th Con-
gress know what it means. "Semantics" has come into general
use only recently. It has to do with words and their meanings. What
does "American," "freedom," "red," "socialist" mean to you? Or
"Communist" or "foreigner' or any name that might be used in
name-calling. A member of the 80th Congress recently namning a
man, said that he was a "Communist, a fascist, a. socialist," all of
them names only, for surely a man couldn't be ai those con-
flicting things in one. But Stalin and Hitler, and whatever socialist
he had in mind, were representative of the very worst things he
could think of, with similar confusion of ideas. Senator Taft has been
called a "Communist" for daring to be back of the public housing
bill; we have been called almost everything for being so bold as
to speak our mind, though we have mostly quoted, and the "Congres-
sional Record" at that, and tried to be wide-awake Americans.
The United States people in general, and the Congress in par-
ticular, don't like socialism. They don't generally know what it
means, but they just don't like it, smacking as it does, of something
foreign to what they have been led to believe. They don't like the
1IEY FORGET that not so long ago, we had toll bridges and roads
run by private enterorise. A few are left, and wve swear every
time we meet them in our travels. But now, in the main, we have
socialized roads, on which you may travel without cost from the
Atlantic to the Pacific, and from the Canadian to the Mexican
border. There is some tax income from roads and bi'idges but it
goes to the city government or to the state, for the maintenance
of the road or structure.
We used to have private-enterprise fii'e departments that would let
your house burn down if you didn't belong to the association that
owned the fire apparatus. We have had private-enterprise water de-
partments in our lifetime. Now, even the most ardent adherents
of free enterprise would hesitate to have anything but what we have
now in Ann Arbor, a "socialized" fire department, and a "socialized"
water department. And it is equally true they would hesitate tq
call them socialized because they don't like socialism, although that
is what they really are.
Similarly, when you follow things through, you will find that
we now have what used to be called "socialized" education, we have
a "socialized" police force, we have a "socialized" army under which
everybody without exception is subject to the draft. We have a
"socialized" Post Office, even to the sending of packages, which,
although the Post Office itself runs back to early times, as to
packages was free-enterprise, and expensive.
"SOCIAISM'' is a peculiar word. We hate any mention of it, as
things are at present. But we wouldn't do without it.
The very first graduated income tax law was passed in 1894,
and as it was passed was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme
Court. It was called by Senator Sherman of Ohio, an "attempt to
array the rich against the poor . . . socialism, Communism, devilism."'
Mr. Joseph H. Choate of New York, later Senator, said that if the
"Communstic march went on, "there might come a time when as
high an exemption as $20,000 might be made, and a rate as high
as 20% might be imposed.
Communism has always been a good red herring to drag across
Actually, twenty-four years later, in 1919, after World War I,
the graduated income tax law was finally passed, and the rate was
as high as 65% on incomes of $1,000,000. Either times have changed,
or Mr. Sherman and Mr. Choate were wrong. Or we became socialists
or Communists. Which we very much doubt. The people were just
Americans alll the time.
As we said in the beginning, "semantics" is a good word, and it is
especially good to know it in 1948, when the "red" menace and
"Communists" worry us to the point where Mir. Callahan has spon-
sored an unworkable law in Michigan and Mundt and Nixon have
proposed an unconstitutional law in Washington, pertaining to them.
Maybe the trouble is they never have heard of semantics.
DAILY FFICIA BULLETIN
TIME TO STAND ON HIS OWN FEET
Occupational Information: There viola; Oliver Edel, cello; and
is an opening for a teacher of Miseha Meller, piano. The pro-
Practical Nursing in a large school gram will include selections of
system inn Michigan. A Bachelor's Beethoven and Leroy Robertson,
degree. with a major 'in Nursing and will be open to the general
Education is required. For further public.
information call at the Bureau of
Appointments, 201 Mason Hall. Et ',ts Tod
Bureau ';of Appointments and Graduate Outing Club meet at
Occupational Information: We northwest entrance of Rackham
have calls for dormitory hostesses Building, Sun., June 27, 2:30 p.m.
in some' of our good colleges. Call for hiking and swimming. Sign up
at the Bureau of Appointments, at Rack'ham check-desk before
201 Mason Hall, for further de- noon Sat. Graduate students wel-
Bureau of Appointments International Center: Terrace
New Registration: A meeting Pai'ty by Counselor to Foreign
will be held on Mon., June 28, 4:05, Students and Director of the Sum-
Natural Science Amphitheatre, for mer Session for newly arrived for-
all interested in securing positions eign students to meet the Commit-
for the coming year. This applies tee of Academic Advisers at the
to both students and faculty in- Rackham Assembly Hall June 26
terested in either Teaching or from 8 to 9 o'clock; informal
General positions. General place- dancing following reception by In-
meit includes positions in busi- ternational Students Association.
ness, industry, "and professions -
other than education. This is the Radio Program:
only registration period that will 10:00 p.m. WHRV-Michigan
be held this summer. Profile
6:15 pm. WRV-Journal of _
Married Veterans of World War' the Air (Speeh DReartment)
I[-University Terrace Apart- C'nn h i o Events
rnents and Veterans' Housingi E
Project International Center presents
Opportunity will be provided Mr. Ted Malone, Raving Reporter
Mon., Tues., Wed., June 28, 29, 30 and Story Teller, 8 p.m., Sun.,
(8-12 a.m. and 1-5 p.m.) for stu- June 27, Michigan League Ball-
dents in the above group to file ap- room: 'It's All One World to Us."
plication for residence in the Public cordially invited.
Ur ivem',ity Terrace Apartments
and the Veteran's Housing Proj- Russian Circle Meeting, Mon.,
ect. June 28, International Center. Re-
To be eligible to apply the ap- freshents served. Fi'further in-
plicant must be a Michigan resi- formation: Tatiana Pytkofsky
dent, married veteran, and have 1102 Oakland, Phone-2-4914.
completed at least two full semes-
tels on this campus. Please bring Spanish Club: Regular meetings
Military Record and Report of will be Wed. evenings, beginning
Separation. June 30, 8 p.m., West Conference
Those who filed applications4 Room of the Rackham Bldg. In
prior to June 28, 1948 should not i addition there will be afternoon
al' 1y again,. meetings at 4 p.m. for the pur-
Office of Student Affairs pose of informal .conversation.
Room 2, Uuniv'irsity Hall These afternoon meetings will be
in the League Cafeteria, Wed.,
Addtional Spurts Classes for Wom- Spanish House, 1027 E. University
en on Tuesday, International Center
Tennis-Tues. and Thurs., 4:30 on Thurs.
Elementary Swimming - Mon. The Michigan League is offering
and Wed., 4:30 p.m. the following program during the
Posture-Tues. and Thurs., 4:30 Summer Session:
p.m. Mon. Square Dancing Lessons,
Posture Clinic-Mon., 3:30 p.m. starting June 28, 7:30-9 p.m.
and Tues., 2:30 p.m. League Ballroom; Scott Colburn
Register at Barbour Gym, Fri., calling. Five lessons, $1.50 or one
9-4 or Sat., 9-12. for $.40.
Tues. Ballroom Dancing Classes.
Recreational Swimming-Wom- Beginning 7:00 p.m., Intermediate
en Students: There will be recre- 8:00 p.m. Six lessons are $2.00.
ational swimming, Michigan Un- League Ballroom.
ion Pool, Tues. and Thurs. eve- Wed. Bridge Lessons at 7:30 p.m.
nings, 7:30-9:30 p.m., and Sat: League Gameroomn.
mornings, 9-11 beginning June 29. Thurs. Duplicate Bridge at 7:30
Bring bathing cap. Small fee Fri. Casbah, 9-12 p.m.
charged. A check-up at Health Sat. Casbah, 9-12 p.m.
Service is required of all who par- -
ticipate. _ _AUL HOFFMAN, Administrator
of aid to Europe, is discover-
Sports 'Tournaments-Women ing that European nations are
Students: Tournaments in golf, stepping up requests for consumer
archery and tennis are being goods from U.S. and scaling dwn
sponsored by the' Women's Physi- their requests for capital equip-
cal Education Dept. Small entry ment. Those countries give some
fee. Register at the Women's Ath- signs of viewing the aid program
letic Bldg. as a relief rather than a recovery
program and want to get their
Sports for Women: There are share while the getting is good.
classes for the beginner or ad- Capital equipment usually involves
vanced student in golf, tennis, loans. Consumer goods usually are
dance, and swimming. Register gifts.
Sat. and Mon., 9-12, Barbour Gym. -U.S. News and
Classes begin Mon. World Report.
Attention students of French
and Spanish: There are still some
places available for lunch and din-
ner at the French and Spanish
Tables of the Maison Francaise SI'
and Casa Espanola. For arrange-
ments call Mrs. Pauline Elliott,
1027E . University, telephone
25147. Fifty-Eighth Year
Academic Notices ..-- ..
Philosophy 141s (Social Philoso-
phy) meets Tues. and Thurs., 205r/
Mason Hall, 7-9 p.m., not a.m.
Math. 327: Statistics Seminar,
3201 Angell Hall. First meeting:- _
Fri., July 2, 3-5 p.m. Subsequent
meetiigs: Tues, 3-5 p.m. Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
The Engineering Mechanics De- authority of the Board in Control of
partment is sponsoring a Sympo- Student Publications.
sium on "D7ynamic Stress and Editorial Sta ff
Strain" for the Summer Session Lida Dailes ... . , .Managing Editor
of 1948. Professor J. P. Den Har- Kenneth Lowe.........Associate Editor
tog, Professor of Mechanical En- Joseph R. Walsh, J.....sports Editor
gineering, Massachusetts Institute Business Staff
of Technology, will speak on the Robert James .......Business Manager
"Analysis- of Centrifugal Pendu- Harry Berg .......Advertising Manager
lums with large Amplitudes as Ernest Mayefed .Circulation Manager
used for Vibration Suppressors," Telephone 23.24-I
Fri., Jlne 25, 3 p.m. Room 445 *- -
West Engineering Building, and Member of The Associated Press
Sat., June 26, 11 a.m., 445 West The Associated Press is exclusively
Sat., etitled to the use for re-publication.
EngineerIg Building. All who are of all news dispatches credited to it or
interested are cordially invited to otherwise credited in this newspaper.
attend. All rights of re-publication of all other
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Past Office at Ann
Co cer ts - Arbor, Michigan, as second-class mail
Faculty Concert Series: The Subscription during the regular
first in the series of seven Mon. school year by carrier, $5.00, by mail,
evening recitals scheduled for the --0-
Summer Session will be presented Member
June 28, 8 p.m., Rackham Lecture Associated Collegiate Press
Hall by Gilbert Ross, violin; Emndils1947k48
Raab, violin; Bernard Milof sky, ~ ---,,
IT SO HAPPENS ...
The Wayward Escort
I --- -
ABOUT THIS TIME of the year we recall
the stoary of the young man last year
who had one of those rare opportunities
to take out a native lass. Taking advantage
of the situation, he deposited the young lady
on the steps of her house at 7:30 a.m.
Whereulpon her fuming father opened the
door and roared "Young man, what do yo
mean by bringing my daughter home at this
his letters because all of them were unsealed
by the time they reached him. His sus-
picions proved justified and he began re-
ceiving letters in sealed envelopes after he
wrote a terse note and mailed it to himself.
The note read: "Why don't you keep your
damned nose out of my business?"
* * *
4LTHOUGH this is our first year in the
Publications in The Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University. Notices for
the Bulletin should be sent in type-
written form to the Office of the Sum-
mer Session, Room 1213 Angeli Hall, by
3:00 p.m. on the day preceding publi-
cation (11:00 pm. Saturdays)
s * *
SATURDAY, JUNE 26, 1948
VOL. LVIII, No. 172
Office of the Dean of Women
wishes to remind housemothers of
women's residences that the regu-
lar summer meeting will be Tues.,
June 29, 2 p.m., Michigan League.
Bu eau of Appointments and
I think I have the backyard planned for
Lucky your Fairy Godfather took over as