tHE MICHWAN D$AIIL
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Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
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A rgentm Puzzle
T HE ARGENTINE seesaw is still rocking.
Moving upward favorably in the eyes of the
Allied nations, the country's Appellate Court last
week issued to 41 accused Nazi spies a denial
of the right of habeas corpus in order to fight
for their liberty. The alleged spies were denied
this right even though a lower federal judge had
granted it to them.
The situation is a precarious one. On one hand
the decision is capable of being overruled by
the Argentine Supreme Court. Some of these
Nazis may have sufficient funds to take their
cases to the highest courts. Other so-called Nazis,
sought out by the United States and Great Bri-.
tain, are still at large, undoubtedly maintain-
ing not-considerable influence in the area, some
with Argentine citizenship.
Nevertheless, this ruling by the Argentine
Appellate Court indicates a step toward both
international Allied unity and hemispheric soli-
darity in that the government would now
be able to act concerning all cases in ousting
Germans wanted by the Allies for war crimes
or for repatriation to Germany. Included in
this accused group were Hans Harnisch and
Johannes Siegfrid Becker, whom the Febr-
uary Blue Book said "operated in closest team-
work" and accused of acting as intermediaries
in attempts to obtain arms from Germany.
This is not the first indication of Argentine
willingness to cooperate in hemispheric defense
plans. Several months ago the Argentine govern-
ment expelled to Germany 30 people and a num-
ber of Graf. Spee sailors. In addition, several
German and Japanese schools were closed.
But the other end of the seesaw stubbornly
hugs the ground.
The overall picture on this side includes the
fact that the countries of the Western hemis-
phere have asked of Argentina, as a tangible
gesture of her affirmed intention of upholding
inter-American solidarity, the ratification by
her government of the Chapultepec and San
Francisco agreements. At present, even though
she has newly inaugurated her drive to rid the
country of potential Nazis, there is still no
indication that she has sent either of these
epoch-marking declarations to the Argentine
We have begun to wonder if the Argentine
Republic is trying to eat its cake and haveit,
too. We have wondered also how long it will be
before she will drop her avowal of "participa-
tion" for international unity, tinged as it is now
with surreptitious indications of Nazi sympathy,
and issue a clear-cut, non-vacillating foreign
In other words, will the seesaw gain a stable
--Joan de Carvajal
The younger students on campus are missing
one of the best opportunities of their education-
al lives in not attending the summer lecture
series, according to Prof. Harold M. Dorr of the
political science department.
SCANDALS such as that involving Rep. May
have been an important aftermath of every
war in which the United States has fought.
During the Revolutionary War such men as
Robert Morris and James Wilson used their
positions to accumulate fortunes. It is a house-
hold byword that the Morgan fortune owes its
origin to profits made by selling condemned
muskets during the Civil War. A disclosure of
widespread profiteering after World War I
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
Iie lIce-cream '
By SAMJEL GRAFTON.
LOS ANGELES-There is a drift to the right,
and conservatively-minded Americans show
a natural tendency to greet this change in our
affairs with uncritical joy, as if a swing to the
right must necessarily always be good, like
To be sure, the stock market has, on several
recent days, greeted the great conservative vic-
tory of the mangling of price control with a
strange melancholy air; it has slumped badly,
and has been as disconsolate as if a new Roose-
velt had been elected. It has been odd to see
stock prices going down while the hats of con-
servative commentators are being thrown up,
high into the air. But the stock market is un-
happy about buyers' strikes, inflation, potential
labor distress, and general economic uncer-
tainty; and its behavior is a warning that some
victories can be extremely costly, even while
they make glad the heart of right-wing men.
It is too much, perhaps, to ask the conser-
vatively-minded to be suspicious of the swing
to the right, for that is a gift horse whose teethb
will not be counted; and yet it might be useful
to have a look at the content, the inner mean-
ing, of this development, in an effort to assess
its total cost.
One clear possibility is that we may have,
as a result of the new rightist tendency in
policy and opinion, a Republican House, a De- ,
mocratic Senate, an average man in the White
House, and an inflation cooking; and we may
have to live under this enchanting combina-
tion for two years. It is wrong to expect to
turn conservatives into liberals on the basis
of such an argument; and most conservative
commentators would regard this development
as good, clean fun; progress on the road to a
reorganized government. But there still re-
mains the practical problem of getting through
the next two years; and the stock market has
just shown what it thinks of only two weeks of
confusion and deadlock.
If we cannot change minds, perhaps we can
at least change moods, and curb the undis-
criminating exultation with which the rightward
drift is being greeted. The exultation is in itself
a danger, for it leads to excesses, like the shock-
ing arrogance shown by the conservative major-
ity of the Senate in putting together a price con-
trol bill which takes the ceilings off necessities,
such as food, but leaves them on luxuries, such
as fine cars, and which puts a really firm ceiling
on only one item-rents, while tolerating infla-
tion in many other fields, and finally, which
blandly continues food subsidies after removing
food ceilings, though the one purpose of sub-
sidies is ,to enable food producers to keep their
prices below ceilings. !
When a swing to the right leads to this kind
of cheerful grabbing, plus a terrifying unconcern
about thinking up a story to explain it, or a
theory on which to rest it, one is perhaps en-
titled to ask right-wing opinion to pause in its
snake-dance, and do a bit of political and eco-
There are other melancholy vistas which
open up as the result of over-enthuiasm for
the rightward drift. One might mention the
danger of "a growth of cynicism in American
life if we succeed in botching our prospects
now, after a victorious war; as the stock mar-
ket seems to think we are botching them.
These illustrations are perhaps enough to in-
dicate that a swing to the right is not exactly the
same thing as a fiesta, that it is not necessarily
to be equated with peaches and cream and all
manner of goodies; that it is only one more com-
plicating factor in the intricate struggle before
us, carrying, as it does, the very special danger
of willful self-defeat.
(Copyright, 1946, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
was a partial cause of the public disillusion and
cynicism. One of the major public scandals
arising out of World War I was the disclosure
of huge profits made by the shpplig companies.
These revelations of 8 ator hugo Black's In-
vestigating committee of 1935 nqw prolse to
be repeated on much l ger scg4e $er Wrl
Such is the opinion of Griffing Bancroft of
the Chicago Sun Washington Bureau, wvho is
currently writing a series of articles on the
gigantic profits amassed in the last few years
by the sippng corporations. When Senatr'
Mead's committee finisWs its investigaWn of
the scandal involving Rep. May, it plas to
launch an investigation of the shippng indus-
try during war-time. Mr. Bancroft states: "When
the full investigation now promised by Sen.
?ead is held, however, it will show that the ship-
ping scadal does not stem from the activities
of these (maritime) unions, or the political be-
liefs of the 5,579 American merchant se,.,en
who gave up their lives in the war, but from
the huge profits, without risk, earned by the
To substantiate this statement, Banroft cites
numerous cases and conclusive statistcs. he
stats that one ship was purchased from the
government for $76,000; received $3$4,00 in
charter fees; ad was then .re2o.l to t y
ment for $560,000. The shipping company made
over $800,0000 from the Government on this
one ship, a profit of over 2,000 per cent. Pay
a dollar; make $20. What a racket.
Comptroller General Lindsay Warren has
charged that some $8 billion in Maritime Com-
mission and War Shipping Administration funds
are improperly accounted for. It is to be dubted
that the entire $8 billion .was carried from the
WSA building in a briefcase by three masked
gunmen, hlut it does seem to have illegally
Thus it is to be doubted that Rep. May is a I
sinner of any particular stature; he seems to
be simply one of the boys. In a society which
is admittedly b ed on the search for Wofits;
,are we to be shcokd taten should ne
their profits in strange and mral ways?
In 1943 an Ohio firm was apprehended de-
livering faulty electric wire to the Army in the
radios which it manufactured. In many battle
situations, a faulty communications system may
have cost the lives of hundreds or thousands. Are
we to say that May is any worse than the owners
of this Ohio company? Yet three months after it
was caught, the Ohio company was awarded the
Army-Navy "E" for its production record.
The Ohio company did what it was forced to
do . . . it sought to increase its profits to the
maximum. A company with an inferior profit
record will soon go bankrupt. Rep. May did what.
he was sent to Congress to do. He sought to
increase the profits of his businessmen con-
stituents to the maximum.
When we subject men to such pressure, it is
difficult to condemn them. The fault lies not
in the men, but in the system. Sumner Slichter,
a nationally-known economnist, recently stated
in a speech at this University that certain labor
leaders :are more powerful today than indus-
trialists have ever been in this country. The facts
are that not one element in the CIO legislative
program has been enacted into law during this
session of Congress. But every day brings new
disclosures of the ways in which Congress has
aided the business class of the country. The tax'
rebates, the anti-labor laws, the smashing of
OPA, these new scandals are all evidence that
business still controls government. It is' not
a case of corrupt politicians; it is rather a case
of business corrupting government.
If we answer this new wave of scandals by
a cynical shrug of the shoulders, or by a
frenzied witch-hunt against a few individuals
like Rep. May, we shall not have made pro-
gress on the basic problem. So long as the pro-
fit motive continues to dominate the country,
there will continue to be new wars and each
new war will bring new scandals. A man does
what he must do.
The border dispute between Siam and French
Indo-China, which the Siamese Government has
now submitted to the United Nations Security
Council, would seem to be exactly the sort of
controversy which the Security Council was or-
ganized to handle. And the present time would
seem the right time to intervene ... It is to be
hoped that the Council will act promptly to
accept jurisdiction ---
-The New York Times
WHILE American-born Nisei of the
most decorated contingent in
the annals of American military his-
tory, the 442d Regiment, proudly
paraded in Washington following
their recent return from the battle-
fields of Italy, the D-Day of depor-
tation to Japan for the Japanese-
born parents of many of these cour-
ageous men has inexorably drawn
These unfortunate pro-American
Japanese are faced with deportation
because they originally entered the
United States under the "treaty mpr-
chants" classification of the conmmer-
cial treaty with the Japanese which
the United States abrogated in 1940.
When the plight of these people
became generally known, members of
Congress and many private citizens
espoused their cause with the result
that Attorney General Tom Clark
temporarily halted all deportation
hearings in meritorious "treaty mer-
chant" cases until a House Immigra-
tion subcommittee could work out
a more permanent exemption.
Under the leadership of Repre-
sentative George P. Miller (D) of
California, this subcommittee began
hearings on two bills which woul
permit the Attorney General to per-
manently suspend deportation pro-
peedings against "meritorious" or
"personal and family hardship" cases.
Due to committee delays, neither of
these bills has been enacted.
Is this the manner in which a
grateful America repays the ut-
stinted devotion of the Nisel of the
"Red, pink, left of center, colorless, careful,
conservative or reactionary?"
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the office of the Summer Ses-
sion, Room 1213 Angelli Hall by 3:30 p.m.
on the day preceding publication (11:00
SATUIDAY, JULY 20, 1946
VOL. LVI, No. 138
Pre-Activity Conference for all
members of the Delta Sigma Theta
Sorority, Sunday, July 21, West Par-
lor, Mosher Hall, 3:00 p.m.
The Museum of Art presents "Pio-
Peers of Modern Art in America."
an exhibition from the Whitney Mu-
seum of American Art, at the Rack-
ham Galleries, weekdays, 2-5 and
7-10 p.m., through July 20. The pub-
lic is cordially invited.
The YWCA is looking for women
graduate students and senior under-
graduates with sociology, group,
health and physical education majors
who would be interested in working
in an international, interracial and
inter-faith organization. There are
openings for teen age program direc-
tor, business and industrial health
education, and executive director. All
those interested in talking to Miss
Lois McColbch of the National Staff
call the Bureau of Appointments, 201
Mason Hall, ext. 371, for further in-
Dependents Schools Services: Rep-
resentatives from Dependents Schools
Services, recruiting teachers for Ger-
many, will meet with al those inter-
ested in these opportunities, on Mon-
day, July 22, at 10 a.m. in 2,16 Haven
Hall. At this time full information
about conditions of employment, etc.
will be discussed. Individual appoint-
ments will be scheduled on Monday
and Tuesday. Call Bureau of Ap-
pointments for interview - Miss
Briggs, Extension 489.
Members of the Summer Session
Staff: If you have. not filled in the
Employe's Withholding Exemption
Certificate it is necessary to do so
at once if you expect a check at the
end of the month.
Colton Storm, Curator of Manu-
scripts and Maps at the Clements
Library will give three lectures on
the Collecting of Rare Books, July
22, 23, 24. In the "Rare Books Room,
Clements Library, 5:00 p.m.
Dr. Preston W. Slosson, Professor
of History, and. radio commentator,
will give a series of discussions of
current events, each Tuesday, of the
Summer Session in the Rackham
Amphitheatre at 4:10 p.m. under the
auspices of the Summer Session.
The public is invited to attend.
Gaylord W. Anderson, Professor,
School of Public Health, University
of Minnesota, will give a lecture Tues-
day, July 23 at _8:10 p~m. in the
Rackham. Amphitheatre. The topic
is "The Political Impact of Modern
Science on Public Health."
There will be a lecture by Preston
W. Siosson, Professor of History,
Monday, July 22, at 11:00 a.m. in
the University High School Auditor-
ium. The topic will be "Is Democracy
Retreating or Advancing in the
World?" The public is invited to at-
There will be a lecture by Bernard
Brodie, Associate Professor, Insti-
tute of International Studies, Yale
University, on Monday, July 22 at
8:10 p.m. in the Rackham Amphi-
theatre. The topic will be "The Ab-
solute Weapon-Military versus Soc-
ial Invention." The public is invit-
. , ..
25 at 1:00
Science 2 make-up final
be given Thursday, July
p.m., Room 2037 Angell
Michigan Sailing Club. All mnm-
bers, officers, and those who have
applied for or have shownter 'in-
tention of applying for memberst
There will be an important meet-
ing Saturday, July 20, at' 1 p.m. at
the Michigan Union. All members
of pre-war standing must show their
intention of maintaining their mem-
bership on or before this time. Mi-
bers from last semester will be ex-
pected to pay their summer session
dues of five dollars at this time or
they will be dropped from the roll.
Applicants and' those who have
shown their intention of applying
must be at this meeting if at all
possible. An excuse for absence will
be honored only if received on or be-
fore this time. Any messages should
be left at the Union desk in care
of the Miehigan Sailing Club.
Saturday Luncheon Discussion
group will meet at Lane Hall at 12:15
on Saturday. Reservations may be
made by calling Ext. 2148 before Sat-
The Graduate Outing Club has
scheduled an afternoon of sports and
a picnic for Sunday, July 21. Ord-
uate students planning to attend
should pay the supper fee of 50c at
the checkroom desk in the Rackham
building, before' Friday night and
shouldmeet atrthe club rooms in th
Rackham Building at 2:30 p.m. Sun-
day. Use the northwest entrance.
French Club: The third meeting of
the French Club will take place Mon-
day, July 22, at 8 p.m. in room,30
of the Michigan Union. Mr. Philippe
Roulier, a French student in the
School of Forestry and Conservation,
will tell his experiences in France
during the war: his informal talk
is entitled: "Paris sous l'occupation.''
Group singing and social hour.
Spanish Teas: Every Tuesday and
Friday, language tables will convene
in the League cafeteria at 4 p.m. for
informal conversation practice.. On
Thursdays, the group will meet at
the International Center at 4 p.m.
All students interested in practiclg
Spanish conversation are invited to
The Russian Circle (Rus*ky Kru-
hok) will meet at 8:00 p.m., Monday,
July 22, in the International Center.
Features of the evening will be th
showing of slides depicting the vari-
ous nationalities of the Soviet Un-
ion, recordings of Russian songs, and
tea served from the samovar. Every-
one interested is invited to attend.
Bridge Night: The International
Center announces Bridge Night in
the International Center, Wednes-
day, July 24, at 7:30 p.m. Foreign
students, their friends, American stu-
dents and faculty interested in play-
ing bridge are -cordially invited.
Graduate Students in Speech: A
symposium on practical theatre will
be held at 4 p.m. Monday in the
West Conference room of the Rack-
ham Building for graduate students
in the Department of Speech. At-
tendance is required of applicants
for advanced degrees who are spec-
ializing in theatre.
College of Literature, Science and
the Arts, Schools of Education, Fores-
try, Music and Public Health. Stu-
dents who received marks of I or X
at the close of their last semester or
summer session of attendance will
receive a grade of E in the course or
courses unless this work is made up
by August 1. Students wishing an ex-
tension of time beyond this date in
order to make up this work should
file a petition addressed to the ap-
propriate official in their school with
Room 4, U.H. where it will be trans-
Speech Assembly: Charles H. Mere-
dith, Director, Le Petit Theatre du
Vieux Carre, will speak on "Theatre"
at the Speech Assembly Wednesday
at 3 p.m. in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre. Attendance is required of
all Speech concentrates, teaching
majors and minors in Speech, and
all graduate students working to-
ward degrees in Speech. Open to
Yves Tinayre, baritone, will pre-
sent the first of two recitals at 8:30
Sunday evening, July 21, in the First
Presbyterian Church.. A well-known
interpreter of vocal art, Mr. Tin-
ayre has planned a program to in-
clude medieval and renaissance sacred
and secular songs. A guest lecturer
in the School of Music, he will be as-
sisted in the program by Emil Raab
and Margaret Detwiler, violinists,
Elisabeth Lewis, violist, Mary Oyer,
cellist and Frieda Op't Holt Vogan,
organist. The second program will
By Crockett Johnson
The O'Malley Plan is extremely simple.
I'll put bp a thousand tepees on the
green. Conveniently adjacent to the
business district- A concesssion to
the merchants. You have one duty . .'
As our representative on the Council,
Mr. O Sodumn, yqu are memorialized to
get busy on the housing problem. Face
it! The canvas tegVis here to stay,
A crank ... -
t . . i I L K \1 -- - .0- T-
t _a .n
-- 4p ab 96 h Hwr~~ M ~,.
Have we met, Mr. O'Malley?
Rrobably.' At an outing of the Little
I Men's.Marching and Chowder Society.
But enough of this chit-chat. Do 1,
get the green light? Yes or no. ..?
. _. _
/'ll talk to the Mayor about
it ;O 'Mallm,--Sure A tent I
A crack-pot, Chief. Forget I
Jim a n I I ,nMaUe v r
Slt s crazy. I know.
A mosf safisfactory conversation. 'I
T1a ,rnclm,, sl rJmrfhv4I,, t,. *