Rejects Siam, Portugal
Plea for Membership
NEW YORK, Aug. 13-01)-The
applications of Sweden and Iceland
for membership in the United Nations
received tentative endorsement in the
Security Council's membership com-
mittee today, but Portugal and Siam
were strongly opposed.
In two lengthy closed sessions the
11-nation committee completed pre-
liminary discussions of all the nine
applications before it except those of
Albania and Outer Mongolia which
are being held up pending receipt of
Poland led the opposition to Portu-
gal, while France vigorously objected
to the admission of Siam. Russia
also opposed both Portugal and Siam.
Mexico agreed with Poland that the
application of Portugal should be
subjected to close examination.
While there was no formal vote on
any of the four applications' under
discussion today, the admission of
bith Sweden and Iceland seemed as-
suted since no opposition was ex-
pressed. Russia, however, reserved
the rights to re-open discussions on
both at a later date.
Polish representative Jerzy Micha-
lowski charged that the present gov-
er nent of Portugal was ideological-
ly closely related to the Franco re-
gime in Spain and to the governments
which had existed in Germany and
Italy before the defeat of those
He added that Portugal was har-
boring Axis war criminals.
In opposing the admission of Siam,
French representative F. De Rose de-
clared that Siam was guilty of ag-
gression against Indochina in 1940
and that a state of war still existed
between France and Siam.
Soviet representative Alexei N.
Krasilnikov said merely that Russia
had no diplomatic relations with
Siam, Portugal, Eire and Trans-Jor-
dan and, therefore, could not support
their applications. .
The United States and Great Brit-
ain supported all the applications
discussed today. Most of the smaller
nations also expressed their approval.
Before today's sessions, the com-
rrittee had given its tentative ap-
proval to only one of the nine appli-
A civilian counterpart of the U.S.
Armed Forces Institute was advocat-
ed yesterday by Claude Eggertsen,
assistant professor of education.
The Institute, Prof. Eggertsen ex-
plained, is a joint Army-Navy agency
which provides correspondence
courses and study materials to ser-
vicemen as well as counseling and
accreditation facilities. The corres-
pondence courses are furnished by
various colleges, including the Uni-
versity of Michigan, which cooperate
with the Institute.
"There is no r'eason to deny such
services to the civilian who needs
them, or to let the civilian find them
only in profit-mking organizations,"
Eggertsen asserted. "Existing edu-
cational agencies have demonstrated
during the war that they can coop-
erate to offer their services through-
out the world, and they can do it
for civilians as well as for men in
The civilian version of USAFI, Eg-
gertsen explained, would use already
existing correspondenpe and self-
study courses offered by it or through
its contracts with colleges. These
courses are, credit and non-credit,
academic and vocational, cultural
and, technical, primary and graduate
and low to high in cost.
The Chicago regional office of the
U.S. Civil Service Commission has
announced that examinations are
going to be held for chemists who
are interested in obtaining perma-
nent positions in the federal govern-
Heretofore valueless materials,
such as weeds and cornstubble, are
being converted into plastics and
fabrics, and the government is anx-
ious to procure young chemists who
are ambitious to make new discov-
eries in these fields.
Information and application forms
may be obtained from, the Director
of the Seventh Region, U.S. Civil
Service Commission, 433 W. Van
Buren St., Chicago 7, Ill., or from any
first or second class post office in
which this announcement has been
posted. Applications must be filed
with the regional office not later
than September 4, 1946.
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Car Will Please
Costumiere Barton Describes
Outfitting of Operetta Cast
PRICE DECONTROL BOARD OPENS HEARING - Members of the new price decontrol board confer as they
open first public hearings on price, controls at the capital. They are (left to right) George H. Mead, Chairman
Roy L. Thompson and Daniel W. Bell.
SEEK POLIO VIRUS:
Public Health School Sponsors
The "primary objective" of the
School of Public Health laboratory
research in poliomyelitis is to learn
something about the natural occur-
rence of the disease inany commun-
ity, Dr. Arthur Zintek, one of thos't
engaged in this research, explained
Dr. Thomas Francis is in charge
of the laboratory and those working
WASHINGTON, Aug. 13 -(P) -
Secretary of Labor Schwellenbach
tonight considered a request of CIO
President Philip Murray for an
eleventh hour conference- with top
company and union officials working
to head off the Great Lakes mari-
time strike threatened for tomor-
Murray proposed that Schwellen-
bach call in company officials of the
13 dry cargo and four tanker car-
riers involved, together with Joseph
Ourran, head of the CO National
Martime Union. The CI0 President
offered to attend in an effort to end
the dispute over a 40-hour week and
a 10-cent increase in the hourly
starting rate over which the strike
has been set for Thursday at 12:01
A night session was arranged by the'
conciliators, but Schwellenbach made
no imymediate announcement of his
reaction to Murray's proposal.
Bus Fares Raised
LANSING, Aug. 13-(')-The state
administrative board today approved.
a higher fare schedule for a state-
subsidized veterans' bus service be-
tween Detroit and the Willow Run
housing colony as an alternative to
cancelling the subsidy.
The board instructed Auditor Gen-
eral John D. Morrison to negotiate
a new contract with the Detroit
Street Railways for the higher fares,
it recommended that the fare for
veterans and their dependents be in-
creased from 10 to 20 cents per trip.
Continuous from 1 P.M.
Last Times Today.
with him are Drs. Gilliam, Paul
Stump, Jonas Salk and Gordon
Brown. This work has been going on
for many years, Dr. Zintek said.
"We are specifically interested," he
declared, "in the transmission and
dissemination of the specific virus
that causes infantile paralysis. In an
effort to accomplish this, the lab-
oratory goes where polio occurs." Dr.
Zintek and Dr. Brown recently made
a trip to Minneapolis. to investigate
the recent epidemic there. They also
have visited Denver and hope to
make an additional study in some
When at the particular place
where infantile paralysis is prevalent,
he said, an attempt is made to study
how the virus might circulate in ei-
ther the community, the family
group or any collection of people,
such as an orphanage or military
One of the "main problems" in
tracing the chain of transmission is
the fact that not all infected people
come down with paralysis or recog-
nizable effects of the disease, Dr. Zin-
tek pointed out.
Therefore, he continued, it is ne-
cess~ary to collect specimens from
apparently unaffected individuals
and innoculate them into laboratory
animals. In this way, it can be de-
termined whether or not the indi-
vidual is infected with the virus and
is therefore a carrier who shows no
The main methods of possible
transmission of polio that are under
consideration today, Dr. Zintek
states, are: flies, mosquitos or other
insects; contaminated water, and
contact, either by air or closer per-
"It is probable," he declared, "that
all three of these forms of trans-
mission actually do occur. However,
it remains to be determined which
is most important."
Epidemiologically, Dr. Zintek as-
serted, it "would appear" that per-
sonal contact is the most important
route of transmission.
May Be Passed
The worst wave of infantile paral-
ysis since 1916 began losing momen-
tum in some hard hit areas Tuesday
but most health authorities said it
was too early to tell if the peak had
In other sections, however, the di-
sease was in epidemic form with no
letup in sight and a possible delay
in opening of the f all school term
was being considered in at least two
Encouraging signs were noted in
Kansas, Iowa, Nebraska, Ohio and
Florida where the disease either
showed at least a temporary slowup
or progressed slower than originally
The picture remained dark, how-
ever, in Minnesota, Mississippi, Colo-
rado and some scattered areas else-
Four Mississippi counties were
classed as epidemic and officials
were considering a delay beyond Sept.
3 in opening schools and cancella-
tion of the state fair Aug. 24.
Various communities have closed
pools or restricted bathing and can-
celled youth meetings as precaution-
A week ago, the U.S. Public Health
Service reported; the total cases
throughout the country exceeded 5,-
000, highest since the 29,000 recorded
in the record yex 1916. Later figures
were not yet available.
Public -- Vincent
The rear-engine car will appeal to
the buying public because of the lack
of engine heat and the improved
riding position for passengers, Prof.
E. T. Vincent stated in commenting
on the new rear engine car which
will be introduced next year.
"The rear is where the engine
should be," Prof. Vincent said, "and
it should also be air-cooled." To show]
how air-coolingcould be accom-
plished, he described a 250 h.p. tank
engine used in the war which re-
quired only 10 h.p. for cooling, as
compared with the 8 h.p. necessary;
to operate the fan in the conven-
tional type car engine.
Prof. Vincent doubts however, that
this engine will remedy the 30 per.
cent loss in transmitting power from3
the front engine to the back wheels.
Because of the present stage of en-
gine development, he believed that
any economy possible will come
through decreasing the weight of the
The rear engine, car will provide
additional comfort, Prof. Vincent
said, by reducing engine heat, by
moving the back seat forward, and
by allowing greater freedom of move-
ment in the front.
This new car will be built in the
world's largest factory .which was
constructed to build aircraft engines
during the war. Present plans pre-
dict its appearance on the market
in late 1947.
Six people will compete in final
speech 31 and 32 contests in the
speech department assembly at 4:15
Thursday in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Samuel Rich, a sophomore from
Rockaway Park, New York, who will
speak on "We Know Not Why Nor
Virgil Swearingen, an Ann Arbor
resident whose topic is "Justice Must
Harriet Ratner, from Chicago, who
will speak on "The Visitor;"
"Richard Dabek, whose topic is "A
New Atomic Discovery;"
George Fauldner, who will tell
"The Fallacy of a Democratic Army;"
Jane Hoffman whose subjet is
"The Tempo of the Times."
Of the twelve people who partici-
pated in preliminary contests, six
Read and Use The Daily
It's fun to make costumes for a
musical comedy, Miss Lucy Barton
costumiere for the Repertory Play-
You can let yourself go in a musi-
cal, she explained, since color sense
does not have to be "inhibited."
Currently engaged in making cost-
umes for the "Bartered Bride," Miss
Barton considers that gayety and
authenticity are important elements
in musical comedy costume design.
"We have had some interesting
assignments," Miss Barton said. "We
have made muscles for the strong
man and trick poodle dogs. It would
have been a good idea to make the
strong man's muscles out of bean
bags because we would have had
muscles that shifted," she comment-
The idea behind costume designing,
Miss Barton said, is to make the
characters look as well as you can
in the play. "In order to do this,"
"Miss Barton said, "a costumiere
must read the script and make notes
on costumes to achieve harmony be-
tween costumes and other elements
in the play."
Costumes are then discussed with
the director and set designer, she
said. "Costume colors must go well
with set colors, must not be drastical-
ly changed by lighting and must suit
the set size. Hoop skirts must be
small enough to pass through doors,"
In order to make actors look well
for the play, we try to enhance the
characters they portray, Miss Barton
"Orinthia, in 'The Apple Cart' was
a cold, glittery, attractive gold-digger
sort of person. Her costume helped
her to give that impression," Miss
Barton said. "It was shiny, molded
to the figure, had extra pieces of
material that had nothing of utili-
tarian value. It was also decorated
with shiny gold material," Miss Bar-
ton said, adding that, "shiny decora-
tions are things self-efacing women
All actors are sent into the costume
room by the director to have measure-
meants taken. All costumes that
cannot be rented are then made. It
is much less expensive to rent men's
tailored clothes, Miss Barton said. "A
nan's suit can be rented for $15 while
it costs at least $40 to make one."
Miss Barton's real work begins
when she cuts costume linings and
gives the actors fittings. Outside
,ostume cloth is then cut and fitted
to the linings.
Miss Barton is assisted this sea-
ion by La Vaughn Newberry, by
James Baucroft, and by members of,
her costume class, speech 149, who
received credit for laboratory work..
(Continued from Page 1)
ese problems and tendencies," Prof.
Since his arival in the United
States, as a guest of the State Depart-
ment under its inter-cultural pro-
gram, in June, 1945, Prof. Lin has
given numerous lectures on both the
east and west coasts. He is also plan-
ning to visit several other universi-
ties on his way to California.
Studies American Universities
The "objective" of these visits; he
explained, is to study the new curric-
ulum and policies of universities in
postwar America. He finds a "grow-
ing interest" in liberal education and
education in democratic ideals.
The world is suffering from a "lack
of effective leadership and intelligent
citizenry," Prof. Lin declared. "Chin-
ese education, in the last decade, has
paid too little attention to the liberal
education which is the basis for de-
veloping critical and intelligent lead-
Recent trends in American educa-
tion may serve as an "impetus and
reminder" to liberalize Chinese edu-
cation, he asserted, and "I would like
to see how far these ideas are appli-
cable to developing liberal education
Prof. Lin left Ann Arbor Sunday,
after spending a few days here on his
way to Stanford University in Cali-
DANCING at the Famous
Blue Lantern Dance Pavilion
to BUDDY BRUCE and Orchestra
THURSDAY THROUGH SUNDAY - Starting at 9 P.M.
RESTAURANT and REFRESHMENTS
ISLAND LAKE - 2 Miles East of Brighton on U.S. 16
Hold Your Bonds
North Main Op osite Court House
-- Starts Today
Freddie Stewart In
FREDDIE STEPS OUT
Robert Livingston in
VALLEY OF THE ZOMBIES
r 'ct °t
Shows, 1-3-5-7-9 P.M.
GOING EAST? North? South?
C West? We know what they wear
wherever you go. Trust us for r
your skirts, sweaters, jackets,
bouses, slacs, pedal pushers ..
' all those little etceteras . ..
so important if you want to
SCHOOL-END SPECIALS of .
odds qnd ends in sweaters, most-
y pullovers. Also 100% wool
skirts at 2.98, 3.98 and 5.00.
Originally to 8.95.,
f . SKIRTS. . . . $6.95 - $10.95;
1 idM" N' jJ U