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August 14, 1946 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1946-08-14

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VOL. LVI, No. 30S



Law Limits Pay
Of Student Vets
$200 Is Maximum Income Allowed
With Subsistence Under New Ruling
Many of the veterans in school under the "GI Bill of Rights" will be
affected by recent legislation which limits the amount of money a veteran
can earn in part or full time employment and still collect a subsistence
The law was passed at the request of Veterans Administrator Gen.
Omar N. Bradley, to curb the abuses which have been prevalent in the
on-the-job-training program.
Veterans are no longer eligible to receive subsistence allowances if
they are earning more than the allowed $200 per month for married men
and $175 for single men.-
This ruling in? no way effects the
status of disabled veterans who are V iaor D
under the provisions of Public Law ,
16. A ,,.... Y77

Bri ish

Troops Shoot Rioting Jews







* * *

* * *

The previous regulations limited
the veteran drawing a subsistence
allowance to "part-time" work.
Now all veterans under Public
Law 346 are authorized to earn
$110 a month and collect their full
subsistence. Amounts earned above
these and below the maximums of
$175 and 000 will be used to ad-
Just the subsistence payments of
the veteran so that he will actually
be receiving just the total author-
The Veerans Administration has
announced that the August subsist-
ence checks will go out on the 31st
without delay. However, veterans
whose earnings exceed the stipulated
amounts will owe a part to the gov-
-ernment which will have to be re-
turned over a reasonable period of
A definite system for making the
adjustments has not' yet been set
up here but veterans will be noti-
fed when to report to the Veterans
Administration Guidance Center to
register their incomes.
According to W. L. Wallace of the
VA, no action will be taken during
the balance of this semester. Vet-
erans will be called upon at the be-
ginning of the fall term, however, to
report their incomes in excess of the
amounts authorized and adjustments
will be made to cover the month of
a. r, A * "*e
Major AilineOs
Agree To Move
T Willow Run
Six major airlines have announced
that their new headquarters will be
established at Willow Run Airport,
which- the University recently leased
from the War Assets Administration.
Robert J. Wilson, vice-president
of Capital Airlines-PCA, the only
airlines now operating at Willow Run,
said that the only company not in-
cluded in the agreement was Ameri-
can Airlines, which announced two
weeks ago that it would move to the
Detroit-Wayne Airport.
Capital Airlines began using the
Willow Run terminal facilities two
months ago for its four-engine air-
craft and is already scheduling 28
daily flights in and out of the 1,450-
acre field.
The carriers slatedto move to wil-
low Run, where peak traffic is ex-
pected to be reached in October, are
Eastern, United, Northwest, TWA,
Capital and Chicago and Southern.
According to Wilson the move was
not considered a permanent solution
to the problem of servicing Detroit,
where the over-crowded city airport
is too small for four-engine airliners
to operate, since the airlines still hope
for a new municipal air terminal
closer to the city's traffic center.
Willow Run Airport is 30 miles west
of Detroit.
The University, which has taken
temporary possession of the airport
property under a War Asset Admin-
istration lease, is now conducting
final negotiations for permanent title.
Be Absorbed by
United Nations
GENEVA, Switzerland, Aug. 13-
(P)-The United Nations Relief and
Rehabilitation Administration would
be absorbed by the United Nations
under a resolution prepared tonight
for submission to UNRRA's policy
Agreed upon by a drafting com-
mittee, the resolution, after approval
by the policy committee, was expect-
ed to go to a plenary sessions of the
council tomorrow for final approval.
The resolution follows closely a

Acures n' t
Attract 5,000
Vandenberg To Speak
At Ferry Field Today
A throng of at least 5,000 local
citizens and students is expected to
hear Sen. Arthur Vandenberg at 4
p.m. today when the veteran Repub-
lican authority on foreign affairs
makes the keynote address of this
city's first post-war Victory Day cele-
Although classes will be held at
the University as usual, business

Foreign Nations
Charg~zed with
PowermSee kii
De G aperi B laned
For Splitting Allies
By The Associated Press
PARIS, Aug. 13--V. M. Molotov,
Russian Foreign Minister, declared
today at the European Peace Con-
ference that "certain powers are
trying to gain power in the Mediter-
ranean at the expense of Italy and
Answering Italian premier Alcide
De Gasperi's recent plea for Italy,
Molotov did not identify the "cer-
tain powers."~
Branding De Gasperi's suggestion
for a year's delay in deciding the
fate of Trieste as an attempt to
"exploit divergencies of views
among the allies," Molotov said it
was based on a hope "to upset cer-
tain compromises of the Foreign
Ministers Council."
That appeal, he said, "can meet
with no support from this confer-
When Molotov ended his Italian
reply, Romania, second former ene-
my state to plead her cause before
the conference, tonight supported
Russian treaty proposals, but opposed
most of the terms advanced by the
western powers and demanded rep-
arations from Germany and Hungary.
Romanian Foreign Minister Gior-
giu Tatarescu praised Russia for
asking only 3,300,000,000 in repara-
tions from Romania, which he said
was moderate, and lauded the Rus-
sians for others of their proposals,
But point by point, he rejected
many of the proposals advanced by
the Western Allies, such as the de-
mand for compensation for destruc-
tion or seizure of Allied properties.
Then in quick successions, Soviet
delegate A. Y. Vishiisky and Czecho-
slovakia delegate Jan Masaryk, in
which appeared to be a virtual East-
ern lineup behind Romania, lent their
support to Romania's plea.
Tatarescu said his nation was
determined to pay back the fault
she committeed and build a new
framework for the social and poli-
tical life of her country."
II 0. J9 ls 79
Dies of IIliness
LONDON, Aug. 13-VP-Herbert
George Wells, prolific author and
historian hailed as one of the great
men of modern English letters, died
at his London home today after a
long illness. He was 79.
Wells, whose monumental books
popularizing history and science be-
came world-wide best sellers, "died
peacefully" at 4 p.m. (10 a.m. CDT),
his secretary said.
"He had been in failing health for,
a considerable time," the secretary
said. "The funeral will be private."
While Wells' secretary refused to.
elaborate on his statement, it has
been reported that the author suf-
fered for years from diabetes. His
condition, however, had not general-
ly been regarded as serious.
Wells was ranked by many with
George Bernard Shaw and Rudyard
Kipling as one of the big three of
modern British letters

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- , JEE
TROUBLED HOLY LAND - At Famagusta (A) British were reported
building a detention camp for illegal Jewish immigrants. Two more
ships crowded with Jewish refugees arrived at Hafer (B). Jerusalem
(0) was called an armed camp.

Underground Violentlj
Protests Deportatlion
By The Associated Press
HAIFA, Palestine, Aug. 13-British troops firing rifles and tommygi
killed three persons and wounded seven today in battling crowds of Je
rioting in protest against the shipment of 1,000 illegal Jewish immigra
to Cyprus.
Nearly, 2,000 Jews, obeying an underground command to defy a stl
curfew, raced down hillside streets and hurled stones and bottles at tro
and police guarding the docks area with barbed wire barricades, tanks &
<*' tnekr_


V Lttfl,


Police Hearings Close,
but Decision Is Delayed,

Chiang Avers
One-Party Rule
Will Be Ended
Central Government
Lists 6-Point Program
NANKING, Wednesday, Aug. 14-
(MP)-Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek
today promised solemnly to end Kuo-
mintang (government) one-party rule
and institute a constitutional govern-
ment in China "without delay, des-
pite all obstacles."
The statement, issued on the first
anniversary of the surrender of Jap-
an, broke Chiang's silence at the
height of China's pew crisis brought
on by months of stubborn civil strife.
It came four days after the Ameri-
can envoys, Ambassador John Leigh-
ton Stuart and General George Mar-
shall, announced that a general peace
for China* appears impossible..
General Marshall, special presi-
dential envoy, has been working since
last December to bring the Commun-
ists and the government together.
In a lengthy statement issued at
the summer capital of Kuling, Chi-
ang laid down a six- point -govern-,
mental program for China. It in-
cluded a decision to use political
means to settle political differences
and negotiate all pending problems-
"but only if the Communists give
assurance and evidence that they
will carry out the truce agreement,
restore communications, respect de-
cisions of executive headquarters, and
integrate their army into a national
The extraordinary message did not
mention the Stuart-Marshall state-
ment on the impossibility of bringing
the t4o factions together in a general

One of those killed was a 19-year-
old girl. A moving tank injured one
The riots broke out after the
sailing of two troopships carrying
the first group of Immigrants di-
verted to Cyprus in the new British
policy of blocking all illegal im-
migration into the holy land. .Jew-
ish residents left their homes after
the secret radio of the Jewish un-
derground Hagana called upon
them "to storm the streets."
Troops restored order, and the
curfew was lifted at 2 p.m.
(Jews staged mass neetings
throughout Palestine in protest
against the immigration orders. In
major cities, Jews called strikes
starting at 5 p.m.. today and lasting
until tomorrow morning. In Tel Aviv
police said a man telephoned a hotel
warning that the building was to be
blown up in two minutes, but nothing
The disorders started shortly af-
ter the sailing of two British troop-
ships carrying 1,000 illegal immi-
grants to Cyprus and temporary
detention there.
The immigrants were the first to
be diverted to Cyprus under new
British policy. Five hundred persons
were transferred from the little
schooner Yagur to the Empire Hey.
wood and 00 from .the Henrietta
Szold to the Empire Rival. The Rival
sailed about 9 a.m., and the Heywood
an hour later on the 16-hour voyage
to Cyprus, where a detention camp
had been prepared near Famagusta
* * *
S Capitalists
Charged Aiding
Jdewish Exodus

places throughout the city will close
at 3 p.m. and city and county offices
and banks will be closed throughout
the day as the city pays tribute to
its World War II heroes and again
avows. its desire to live in a world at
Festivities will begin at 3 p.m.
when a 1,000-man parade forms at
the Armory on N. Fifth avenue and
Ann street and begins a long, wind-
ing march through the city to Ferry
Veterans organizations, fraternal
groups, and marching bands will
make up the main body of the par-
ade, scheduled to reach State street
and Liberty at 3:45. More than a
dozen gigantic floats will add color
to the group and a flight of Army Air
Force P-47 planes from Selfridge
Field will zoom overhead.
The day's celebration will be cli-
maxed with a street dance from 7
p.m. to 9 p.m. on N. Fourth avenue
at Huron street.
Sen. Vandenberg's topic will be
"The Challenge of V-J Day." A
Michigan alumnus, he will be ac-
companied here by his wife and son,
but will not participate in the parade.
According to notices received from
Grand Rapids, Sen. Vandenberg's
home city, the address today will be
a "major speech" on foreign affairs.
Local radio station WPAO will
broadcast the senator's speech.

Removal hearings on Chief Sher-
man H. Mortenson and Detective Lt.
Eugene L. Gehringer, suspended
police officials, were concluded yes-
terday with the announcement that
a decision could not be reached by
the police commission until some time
next week.
The commission will study a tran-
script of the proceedings which will
not be available until Tuesday, ac-
cording to Prof. Orlando W. Step-
henson, chairman of the commis-
Testimony Lasts Six Days
The session ended after six days
of testimony marked by bitter legal
maneuvering and the staunch denials
by Mortenson and Gehringer of pros-
ecution accusations that they had ac-
cepted money from gamblers and al-
lowed gambling to flourish here.
. Gehringer took the stand yester-
day in his own behalf and categor-
ically denied each charge made in a
grand jury report to the police com-
mission by Circuit Judge James R.
Breakey, Jr. Both officers were sus-
pended by the commission last June
on the recommendations of Judge
Breakey filed with this report.
On direct examination the detective
branded as untrue previous testi-
mony made by prosecution witnesses

George Stauch, Clarence DeLuce
and George Whitman.
Gehringer Denies Conversation
Gehringer firmly denied a pur-
ported conversation with Detective
George Stauch in which he had said
gambling was "small and petty" and
there were "more important things
to do." He contended he had never
told anyone to "lay off" gambling.
Clarence DeLuce, a Jackson Prison
convict now serving p sentence for
grand larceny and former bartender
in the Town Club, had testified he
had overheard a conversation in 1944
in which Gehringer had told Henry
Charron, operator of the club, to stop
horse-race bookin gthere since Wilson
Haight, co-owner of the United Cigar
Store, was paying protection and did
not want any competition.
Gehringer stated he knew nothing
of bets being taken at the Town Club
and had never talked to Charron
about Haight or gambling.
Denies Receiving Money
He denied ,receiving any other
money from George Whitman, owner
of a pool room where gambling flour-
ished, than that received for rental
of parking space at the Ann Arbor
Armory. Gehringer at the time was
company commander of the state
troops stationed there.
Gehringer admitted receiving gifts
and small amounts of money from
local merchants for collecting bad
checks. John M. Jetter, former own-
er of the United Cigar Store, was one
of those who gave him money, he



First Showing
Of Operetta Is-
Tonight at 8:30
Bedrich Smetana's Czechoslovak-
ian operetta "The Bartered Bride"'
will be presented for the first time
here at 8:30 p.m. today under the
dramatic direction of Valentine
Windt and James Moll and under
the musical direction of Thor John-
Inportant and leading roles will
be taken by Charles Matheson who1
will be Jenik, Mary Jane Albright
who will be Marie, Worth Mallory
who will be Kezal. Barbara Lee
Smith will be Ludmila, George Cox
will be Krushina, and Robert Holland
will be Vasek.
Wendell Johnson will be the fid-
dler, Henry Austin will be the circus
barker; Alfred Rigner, Thomas Wil-
son, and Cylburn Yoho will form the
circus band; Jeanne Parsons and
Audrey Enlow will be dancing girls;
Paul Bryan and William Strickland
will be the horse; Dalisay Aldaba will
be Esmeralda; and Shirley Gale and
Masako Ono will be poodle dogs.
Don Plott and Lawrence Vincent
will be clowns; Richard Stewart will
ben an Indian; Byron Mitchell will
be a sword swallower; Florence Mc-
Cracken will be Hata; and Howard
Hatton will be Micha. 0
A chorus of 21 women and 19 men
will complete the cast portraying
Bohemian villagers.
Jeanne Parsons has written chore-
ography, Herbert Philippi has de-
signed settings and Miss Lucy Bar-
ton is costumiere.
t at*T."I .

LONDON, Aug. 13-(/P)-A colonial
office spokesman charged today that
"American financial sources" were re-
sponsible for "encouraging and di-
recting" illegal immigration of Jews
to Palestine.
Asked to elaborate on the govern-
ment's statement yesterday that
"very large financial contributions"
supported the mass exodus of Euro-
pean Jews to 'Palestine, the spokes-
man declined to specify individuals
or organizations.
He recalled, however, "the many
advertisements in United States
newspapers appealing for money to
aid European Jews to get to Palestine
by illegal means." He cited one ad-
vertisement, published last April,
which he said carried the phrase:
"American dollars pitted against
'British arms."
At the same time a leading London
spokesman for the New Zionist Or-
ganization said the British policy in
Palestine was "a blackmail on the
United States" to force U.S. partici-
pation iri a federalization plan. He
urged the United States to aid refu-
gee Jews and to advise American
occupation forces in Europe to give
the refugees every assistance.
New Veterans
Start Refresher

Prof. Lie ectua
Prof Li Tun-cl Licusses China s IntelleculNes

What is "most needed" in China to-
day is a period of "mental clarifica-
tion," according to Prof. Lin Tung-
chi, of Futan University in Shanghai.
He pointed out that the whole
world was in a "state of intellectual
confusion" over various political con-
cepts. In China, Prof. Lin continu-
ed, there is added to this the conflict
of ideas and culture of the past.
Some "organized" attempt to study
in a disinterested, objective way the
various schools of thought of western
society should be made in China,
Prof. Lin asserted, so that the youth,
who supply the dynamic force of
Chinese society, will be better equip-
ped to choose a way out of present

American scholars, possibly in the
form of more visits by professors and
writers to lecture in China and by
translation of some basic American
works into Chinese," he declared.
"I am in the process," he added,
"of organizing a specialized library
of western thought in China, speci-
fically designed for this purpose."
Describes Role of Press
Prof. Lin indicated that the liberal
press was of help in clarifying ideas.
"Freedom of speech and the press
are the most important reforms that
must be instituedl in China today.
This is the initial step that should
be taken in the setting-up of event-
ual democracy."
The "most authoritative and influ-

portant in China, special and general
magazines of the type of the Atlantic
Monthly are even more so. Both are
influential in shaping the trends of
thought in China just as they are in
western nations, Prof. Lin stated.
The magazines are usually edited
by university professors and students
and their popularity may be consid-
ered a "carry-over" of the ancient
reverence for scholarship in Chin-
ese society. The influence of the uni-
versities since World War I has be-
come "tremendous," he said, adding,
"Professors in China can become
active influences in politics."
About four years ago, Prof. Lin was
head of a group of professors in free
China who edited a magazine which

while 19thi century liberalism over-
stressed the individual," Prof. Lin
declared. A "harmonized view" of
the two such as you find in ancient
Greece is the "ideal way out."
The magazine was suspended, Prof.
Lin reported, after a year of wide
circulation, because of inflation and
lack of finances. He then edited it as
a supplement to Ta Kung Pao.
Prof. Lin received his A.B. from
this University and his Ph.D. in poli-
tical science from the University of
California in 1934. He taught at
Nankai University in Tientsin, China
until it was destroyed in 1937. He
was dean of the College of Letters
and Law at Yunnan University and
recently joined the faculty of Futan

Course Here

A four-weeks refresher course for
recently discharged veterans will
open here tomorrow under the spon-
sorship of the University Veterans
Service Bureau.
Nearly 700 applications have al-
ready been received from veterans
who have already been admitted to
the University for the fall semester
according to Prof. Clark Hopkins,
associate director of the Service Bur-

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