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August 23, 1945 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1945-08-23

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Fifty-Fifth Year

WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
GOP Sure To Win Congress in '46

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board of Control
of Student Publications. The Summer d Daily is npub-
lished every day during the week except Monday and
Tuesday.

_Aay"Dixon
Margaret Farmer
Hetty Roth
Bill Mullendore
Dick Strickland

Editorial Stafff
. . * . Managing Editor
. * . . Assbciate Editor
S . . Associate Editor
* . . . Sports Editor
Business Stafff
. . . . Business Manager

Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, 4.50, by mail, $5.25.
REPRESENTE FOR NATIONAL AOVERTING «Y
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
4O MADISON AVE. NEW YoRK. N.Y.
CNICAP * BOSTON " LOS AnE'Es8 SAN FRANCISCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-4 6
NIGHT EDITOR: CAROL ZACK
Editorials published 'in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Community Loss
A BRILLIANT SURGEON and hospital admini-
strator, onetime dean of the University Med-
ical School, Dr. Hugh S. Cabot, died last week
while sailing in Frenchman's Bay, Maine.
Dr. Cabot, who was graduated from Harvard,
came to Michigan in 1919 as Professor of Sur-
gery in the Medical School, and from 1921 to
1930 he was Professor of Surgery and Dean of
the Medical School. Specializing in the field of
urology, he was noted as a surgeon and author.
He approved of group practice by physicians as
the "only method by which modern medicine
can be effectively distributed."
This great loss to the medical profession is a
loss to the community as well. Let Michigan
remember Dr. Cabot, both as dean of its Med-
ical School and as benefactor of the coimiun-
ity.
-Elinor Moxness
Palestine
IT IS A HOPEFUL sign that the United States
and Britain have opened discussions on the
establishment of a Jewish national home ln
Palestine.
Great Britain has for too long held back on
her promise under the Balfour Declaration,
which says, "His Majesty's Government views
with favor the establishment in Palestine of
a National Home for the Jewish People and will
use their best endeavors to facilitate the achieve-
ment of this object, it being clearly understood
that nothing shall be done which may prejudice*
the civil and religious rights rights of existing
non-Jewish communities in Palestine or the
rights and -political status enjoyed by the Jews
in any other country."
The arguments for the establishment of a
Jewish national home in Palestine are famil-
iar. But, equally familiar are the arguments
given against such a project. These latter ar-
guments can be easily disposed of.
One such argument is that the Jews have no
right to the land they are cultivating in Pales-
tine. From some of the stories one hears, one
would think that the Jews have taken the land
they have in Palestine by force. On the con-1
trary, Jewish organizations and individuals have
bought every bit of land they have in Palestine.
Another cry has been raised that the Jews are
driving the Arabs from Palestine. Those who
are yelling the loudest on this score are a group
of extremely wealthy Pan-Islamic Arabsgwho
seek to continue their power over the masses
and are afraid of Jewish ideas of social equality.
Proof against the argument that the Jews are
driving the Arabs from Palestine is the fact that
the Arab population there has increased fifty
per cent since large Jewish immigration to Pal-
estine began twenty-five years ago.
One of the most striking arguments heard
against the establishment of a Jewish homeland
in Palestine is that such an undertaking is an
encouragement of nationalism. Although this

on the surface may seem to be the case, the es-
tablishment of a Jewish home steeped in Hebrew
culture and concepts is not nationalism of the
dangerous type. It is political nationalism that
is dangerous, not cultural nationalism - espe-
cially if that culture is one of social equality and
brotherhood. It is true that a political national
state will be necessary, for the present at least,
to the establishment of Hebrew culture in Pales-
tine. We hope that this is merely a transitional
stage through which all nations are passing, but
it is a necessary stage.

(EDITOR'S NOTE: In Drew Pearson's absence, Her-
bert Brownell, Jr., Chairman of the Republican Na-
tional Committee, writes a guest column on GOP
plans for 1946.)
By HERBERT BROWNELL, Jr.
Chairman, Republican National Committee
WASHINGTON - The inside story from Re-
publican leaders is that the Republican Par-
ty will win control of Congress in 1946. Put that
down as one of this column's "predictions of
things to come." Let's have a quick look at the
national political scene as America gdes forward
to win the peace; and see why this prediction
makes sense.
Republican governors now direct the govern-
ment of 23 states, containing 56 per cent of the
total population of the United States. These
same states contribute 67 per cent of the in-
ternal revenue to support the Federal givern-
ment. In other words, those 23 states, where
Republican government encourages the oper-
ation of the American system based upon in-
dividual opportunity, provide more than two-
thirds of the money necessary to keep the na-
tion's government operating.
After the 1936 election, there were 16 Repub-
lican U. S. Senators; after 1940, there were 28.
Now there are 40 and when baseball czar "Hap-
py" Chandler resigns - as he should - there
will be 41. That's only 8 short of a majority.
In the House, Republicans had 89 Congressmen
after the '36 election. These increased to 162
after the '40 election. After the '44 election, Re-
publicans had 190 seats - only 28 short of a
majority. In the Montana special election in
June -- the first test of a public opinion at the
polls on national issues since the advent of the
Truman administration - the Republicans won
another seat in a district that had been New
Deal for 14 years. Right now, the New Deal
Governor of New Mexico refuses to call a spe-
cial election to fill a congressional vacancy
caused by cabinet member Clinton Anderson's'
resignation from Congress. Does he fear the
outcome?
Why this steady increase in Republican
strength?
GOP Takes Initiative...
DURING THE WAR Republicans have demon-
strated an ability for constructive leadership
in the field of international affairs by taking the
initiation in steps leading to the formation of
the United Nations organization, and otherwise
by doing everything within the power of a min-
ority party to make sure that this time we shall
win the peace as well as the war. As far back as
July, 1943, "The Republican Post-War Policy As-
sociation" drew up a declaration favoring the
establishment of a post-war security organization
to insure the maintenance of peace.
About two months later-in September, 1943
-an official Republican meeting at Mackinac
drew up a statement of party policy favoring
"responsible participation by the United States
in post-war cooperative organization among
sovereign nations to prevent military aggres-
sion and attain permanent peace with organ-
ized justice in a free world." Subsequently that
declaration of Mackinac was embodied in the
Republican platform adopted by the national
convention in Chicago in June, 1944, and by
the Republican standard bearers in '44.
The final development was the drafting-with
able leadership from prominent Republican lead-
ers - of a United Nations Charter at San Fran-
cisco, and the ratification of that charter-again
with Republican cooperation - by the United
States Senate.
Aid for Veterans .. .
ON THE DOMESTIC front, the Republicans
are also demonstrating affirmative leader-
ship.
For returning veterans, a survey at the clbse
of the 1945 legislative sessions showed the Re-
publican-controlled states are far in the lead
in providing jobs and deserved benefits for veter-
ans. Our people don't like to play partisan poli-
tics with the rights of returning veterans. Hence
a kickback when Edwin McKim, the chief ad-
ministrative assistant to President Truman,
sought to use the promise of funds appropriated

for wounded veterans to influence the special
Congressional election in Montana.
Also the kickback when Governor (and Tru-
man confidante) Wallgren of Washington said
in approval of the action of his State Highway
Department in turning down a veteran of three
years service because he was a Republican-
that veterans who have actively identified
themselves with the Republican party would I
not be hired by his State government.
On the labor front. Republican leadership

has offered a plan for a nation-wide labor con-
ference of management, labor and government
to bring about a charter for industrial peace
at home - just as the San Francisco Charter
seeks to bring international peace.
On the food front, a Republican program to
replace the present OPA set-up was rejected by
the administration but the "planned" food short-
ages will still be remembered in '46.
Ihntocra ic Spendin g...
REPUBLICANS favor an end to extravagant
deficit financing. About the first promise
made by President Truman - after his declara-
tion that he would follow out the Roosevelt New
Deal policies -- was that there would be economy
in government. That was in mid-April. On July
26, Senator Harry F. Byrd, Democrat of Virginia,
chairman of the joint committee on reduction
of nonessential federal expenditures, reported
that there had been a 16,000 net increase in the
number of civilian federal employes in the United
States in June as compared with May. So, it
appears, New Deal "economies" haven't changed.
A moment's consideration of the composition
of the New Deal gives the answer why they
can't change:
There are three essential elements in the
New Deal:
1. The solid South, where political control is
based on racial discrimination and intolerance,
and what the late President F. D. Roosevelt
used to call "economic bourbonism;"
2. The big city machines, controlled by such
eminent exemplifiers of liberalism as Mayor
Kelly of Chicago, Mayor Hague of Jersey City
and Tammany of New York;
3. The radical fringe, composed of groups
led by ex-convict Earl Browder and William Z.
Foster, (who has now deposed Mr. Browder
and endorsed Mr. Truman on probation) to-
gether with their fellow travelers in such
groups as the American Labor Party of New
York and the Wallgren administration in the
state of Washington.
Obviously, these three discordant elements
have no basic interests in common except the de-
sire for political power. Once the cohesive power
of federal funds, spent for political purposes, is
removed, this unholy alliance will fall apart over-
night. Removal of this cohesive power will take
place as soon as the Republicans win control
of Congress next year.
With Republicans in control of the nation's
purse strings, the Federal payroll will cease to
be the happy hunting ground of bureaucratic
theorists bent upon using the American people
as a vast collection of guinea pigs, and upon
perverting the processes of government for po-
litical ends.
(Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate. Inc.)
ON SECOND
a THOUGHT...
By Buyg Dixon
OST HARRIED WOMAN on campus this
summer is Florence Kingsbury, editor of the
Michiganensian.
It seems that almost everyone has the big
urge to see their phizz in print and they "want
their 'Ensian." Miss Kingsbury is very sympa-
thetic. She wants hers, too. But, alas and
alackofensian, the yearbook is in the lap of
the printers and the printers are standing up.
The 'Ensian was completed almost on schedule
last April. It was thought that the book would
be completed and in the hands of subscribers
before the end of the spring term (1945). But
the people who put out the 'Ensian (and they
are very nice people who have no ulterior de-
signs) went a little over the deadline on some
pictures. At about the same time, the printers
wereshit by a big labor shortage that has lasted
up until this date and the iron-bound contract
became quite rusted. Result: no 'Ensian - yet.
It ,is thought and hoped that the book will
definitely be ready for distribution by the open-
ing of the fall term in November. Then, as al-
ways, campus swains. will be able to use it as
their favorite reference book to see what their
blind date looks like before it's too late.

In the meanwhile, the 'Ensian is asking all
subscribers who are leaving town after the
eight-week session and who will not be back in
the fall to leave their mailing addresses at the
Student Publications Building on Maynard St.
before 5 p. m. EWT tomorrow.
When the book finally does show up, the
entire 'Ensian staff is going out and have their
own private V-E (Victory over 'Ensian print-
ers) celebration.

GOVERNMENT BY MONOPOLY:
World Cartels Menace to Future Peace
DrESPITE te sordid recirdeaso faiSynthetic rubber was the subject of difficult because of private interna-
a private treaty between a great tional rubber deals. Divided loyalty
believe that these great cartels will American oil company and I. G. of this sort has been repeated many
again dominate the world's economy; Farben, the German chemical colos- times.
that through reestablishment of the sus. These two great concerns made An American concern actually re-
cartel system. German industry may a deal. The Germans were given a fused to advertise in anti-Nazi news-
emerge from the war an economic monopoly on synthetic rubber, the papers in South America because it
victor despite a military defeat; that Americans one on synthetic gasoline. felt obliged to comply with its com-
the common man . . n may find that This secret agreement between an mittments to a German partner.
he has been led again into fighting a American monopoly and a German Another American cartel mem-
futile war," said Robert Reuben in cartel was submitted to no public ber felt obliged to send confiden-
the Oct. 11. 1943 issue of New Re- author'ity in this country. The tial information to Germany which
public. peoples and governments of the the War Department had specific-
This statement is almost two years world had unwittingly let the cartels ally requested it not to divulge.
old, yet we might well take heed. form a super government by means This has happened before, but our
The cessation of hostilities offers of which they could monopolize and government and those of the United
no reason to believe that cartelists divide whole fields of science and Nations must see to it that it does not
are remaining idle. German in- carve up the markets of the world happen again.
dustrialists have made many plans at their own sweet pleasure. Many American businessmen
and agreements and it is to be As'a result of its deal, the Amer- would have you believe that attacks
hoped that our State Department ican oil company had to choose be- - on cartels are attacks on American
will not ignore them, thus bul- tween loyalty to the United States business. On the contrary, cartels
warking the German industrial and its comercial obligation to its are the greatest menace to the Amer-
power. German partner. Because of its ican business principles of free, pri-
We know now that, with the full commitments to its German part- vate enterprise and equal opportu-
cooperation of American partici- ner, the oil company did this: it nity.
pants, the cartels systematically held assured government officials that In a letter to the late President
down this country's ability to produce every effort would be made to bring Roosevelt, former Secretary of State
in volume all the basic necessities about a large production of syn- Cordell Hull said: "The elimination
for waging war-magnesium, optical thetic rubber for tires and then of- of the restrictive practices of cartels
equipment, synthetic rtibber-while j fered licenses which were deliber- is an objective that consistently fol-
at the same time, through the skillful ately oppressive in order to prevent lows from the liberal principles of in-
connivance of German industrial- the production of tires from this ternational trade which this govern-
ists and fascists they made the Ger- rubber. ment . . . has constantly sought to
man economy into a powerful war For five years, the production of implement through the trade agree-
machine. butyl rubber was held back although ment program and other aspects of
Long before Pearl Harbor, many the American company had invented commercial policy. It is an objective
men in government had done their it and knew that it possessed greater which consistently follows from this
best to build up a rubber. stock- possibilities than buna. Full infor- country's traditional and long-stand-
pile, to encourage the growing of mation and regular reports were giv- ing program designed to protect the
natural rubber in this hemisphere en to the German cartel partner and consumer against monopoly and to
and to get syntheite rubber pro- at that time the company tried to preserve individual enterprise on a
duction started. What very few mislead the representative of the freely competitive basis."
Americans knew was that the pri- United States Navy who was sent This is a job for our law making
vate rulers of world industry had specifically to 'learn about butyl. body and Congress should place
their own private approach to syn- The civilian and war effort of the this item high on its agenda.
thetic rubber. United States has been made more -Lynne Sperber

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should' be sent in typewritten
form to the Summer Session office,
Angell Hall, by 2:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (10:30 a. m. Sat-
urdays).
CENTRAL WAR TIME USED IN
THE DAILY OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
THURSDAY, AUGUST 23, 1945
VOL. LV, No. 35S
Notices
Detroit Civil Service announcement
for Farm Supervisor (Dairy & Live-
stock), $2,348 to $2,553, has been re-
ceived in our office. For further in-a
formation regarding examination,
stop in at 201 Mason Hall, Bureau
of Appointments.

pus favorite. Everybody is cordially
invited.
Student Football Tickets to the
Great Lakes, Indiana and Northwest-
ern Football Games: Civilian students
enrolled in the 1945 Summer Term
who are entitled to student admis-
sion to the first three University of
Michigan home football games, should
exchange their Physical Education
coupon (ticket No. 7) for their foot-
ball tickets at the Athletic Office
Ferry Field, between 8:00 a. m. and
5:00 p. m. on the following days:
Senior and graduate students-
Monday, August 27th.
Junior Students-Tuesday, August
28th.
Sophomore Students--Wednesday,
August 29th.
Freshman Students - Thursday,
August 30th.
Class preference will be obtainable
only on the date indicated. Students
desiring their tickets in one block{
should present their Physical Educa-
tion coupons together. One student
may present all of the coupons for
such a block of student tickets. Where
students of different classes desire
adjacent seats, the preference of the
lowest class will prevail.
Polonia Club: The University of
Michigan Polonia Club will hold its
next meeting Tuesday, September 4
rather than August 28 as scheduled.j
The meeting will take place in the
International Center at 6:30 p. m.
(CWT).

Examination Schedule.

For the

schools and colleges on the eight-
week basis.
Hour of Time of

Recitation
8
9
10
11
2
3

Examination
Thursday 8-10
Friday 8-10
Thui'sday 2- 4
Friday 2- 4
Thursday 4- 6
Thursday 10-12
Friday 10-12

All other hours Friday 4- 6
Any deviation from the above sche-
dule may be made only by mutual
r. cpmant 1 htnwen suiirent and in-I

ag eemeniiu e1 uL eI uuuAi,±±UIIii - ---
structor, and with the approval of City of Detroit Civil Service an-
the Examination Schedule Commit- nouncement for Photographer's As-
tee. sistant, $2,064 to $2,463 per 'year, has
~- - - -just been received in our office. For
After the Summer Session, the Gen- further information call at the Bu-
eral Library will be open daily the reau of Appointments, 201 Mason
usual hours, 7 a. m. to 9 p. i., CWT Hal.

Students electing our courses, but
registered in other schools or colleges
of the University should be reported
to the school or college in which
they are registered.
Additional cards may be had at 108
Mason Hall or at 1220 Angell Hall.
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for removal of incom-
pletes will be Saturday, August 25.
Petitions for extension of time must
be on file in the Secretary's Office
on or before August 25.
Faculty of College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: College of
Architecture and Design: School of
Education: School of Forestry and
Conservation: School of Music: and
School of Public Health: Class lists
for use in reporting summer session
grades of undergraduate students~ en-
rolled in these units, and also grad-
uate students in the Schools of For-
estry and Conservation, Music, and
Public Health, were mailed Monday,
August 20. Any one failing to re-
ceive their lists should notify the
Registrar's Office, Miss Cuthbert,
'Phone 308, and duplicates will be
prepared for them.
Faculty, College of Engineering:
There will be a meeting of the fac-
ulty on Friday, August 24, at 4:15
p. in., in Room 348, West Engineer-
ing Building.
Engineering Faculty: The last of
a series of lectures on Electron Tubes
will be given on Thursday, August
23, at 3:15 CWT (4:15 EWT) in
Room 246, West Engineering Build-
ing. The topic will be: The Thyra-
tron.
Concerts
Choral Union Concerts: Concerts
will be given in the Sixty-seventh an-
nual Choral Union Series next season
as follows:
PAUL ROBESON, Baritone. Sat-
urday, Nov. 3.
CLEVELAND ORCHESTRA, Erich
Leinsdorf, Conductor. Sunday, Nov.
11.
ALEXANDER UNINSKY, Pianist.
Monday, Nov. 19.
JENNIE TOUREL, Contralto. Tues-
day, Nov. 27.
DON COSSACK CHORUS, Serge
Jaroff, Conductor. Monday, Dec. 3.
BOSTON SYMPHONY ORCHES-
IRA, Serge Koussevitzky, Conductor.
Monday, Dec. 10.
JASCHA HEIFETZ, Violinist. Fri-
ay, Jan. 18.
CHICAGO SYMPHONY ORCHES-
IRA, Desire Defauw, Conductor.
T'hursday, Jan. 31.
ARTUR SCHNABEL, Pianist, Wed-
nesday, Feb. 13.
DETROIT SYMPHONY ORCHES-
RA, Karl Krueger, Conductor. Mon-
lay, March 11.
Orders for season tickets, accom-
anied by remittance to cover, will
e accepted, and filed in sequences;
nd selections made accordingly.
Picket prices are as follows:
$15.60 (Block A, Patron Tickets).
['hree center sections on nain floor
rid in first balcony.
$13.20 (Block B). Side sections on
>oth main floor and in first balcony.
$10.80 (Block C). First sixteen
-ows in the top balcony

except that it willclose at 5 p. in.
CWT, on Saturdays, beginning Aug-
ust 25. There will be no service on
Sundays until November.
Most of the divisional libraries will
be closed or will operate on a short-
ened schedule. Hours will be posted
on the doors.
Jordan Hall will hold an Open
House from 6:00 to 10:00 p. m. on
Friday night, August 24. Entertain-I
ment will be highlighted by a cam-

BARNABY

By Crockett Johnson

I didn't see your Fairy r -a
Godfather at my party Mr. O Ma
lost evening, larnaby. missing yo
...Imissed him-- Aven Miny
said every
hiding fror

lley kept
u, too,
rva. He
'one was
IM him...

Minerva, don't encourage him- /,vc
The doorbell. Maybe it's
your Fairy Godfather-
No. He's
mad at us.
Copyzgh l 1945 The Newspaper PM, ic

Mr. O'Malley said to forward any mal-
But this is
for Aunt
Minerva.
A special
delivery-

Academic Notices
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for dropping courses
without record will be Saturday, Aug-
ust 25. A course may be dropped only
with the permission of the classifier
after conference with the instructor.
Colleges of Literature, Science, and
the Arts, and Architecture and De-
sign;,Schools of Education, Forestry,
IMusic, and Public Health: Summer
Session Students wishing a trans-
cript of this summer's work only
should file a request in Room.4, U.H.,
several days before leaving Ann Ar-
bor. Failure to file this request be-
fore the end of the session will re-
sult in a needless delay of several
days,
Physical Education-Women Stu-
dents: Registration for the second
eight weeks of activities will be held
on Thursday and Friday, August 23
and 24, 8:30 to 12:00 and 1:30 to 4:30
in Office 15, Barbour Gymnasium.
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts:, Midsemester re-
ports are due not later than Saturday,
August 25.
Report cards are being distributed
to all departmental offices. Green
cards are being provided for fresh-
man and sophomores and white cards
for reporting juniors and seniors. Re-
ports of freshmen and sophomores
should be sent to 108' Mason Hall;+

.,

4

CiROK 1'
JOHNSOV

C

The Evening Satellite wants me to
do a daily column on cooking. With
the idea of possible syndication ...
It's a great deal of work. I'll have
to think this over very carefully-
6i}r

0

i

simames

Mr. O'Malley! Aunt Minerva's
going to work for a newspaper!
I'm no longer ierested in
her activities, Barnaby, nor--
What's that? A newspaper?

I suppose it's the printer's ink in my veins.
But where would the fourth estate be if
we veteran journaiists refused to counsel
struggling cubs ... Yes, I'll roll up my sleeves,
open my vest, cock my eyeshade, and pitch
in!... Your aunt's new career is assured!.'...

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