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August 23, 1945 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1945-08-23

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VOL. LV, No. 35S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, AUGUST 23, 1945

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Chiang Troops To
Enter Hong Kong
Bevin Claims English Colony Expected
Back in Agreement with U. S., China
By The Associated Press
CHUNKING, Aug. 22 - Gen. Chiang Kai-Shek's troops will occupy the
former British crown colony of Hong Kong, the enemy's island fortress of
Formosa, northern Indo-China, and a small part of Thailand, Chinese sur-
render terms to the Japanese disclosed today.
(British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin said Monday that the Britisl
had "taken steps to receive the surrender of Japanese forces" in Hong Kong,
and expressed confidence that Hong Kong would be returned to the Brit-
ish "in agreement with our Chinese and American Allies.")

JapaneseWill Sign
Terms August 31
In Tokyo Bay
MacArthur To Arrive in Japan Tuesday
With Mighty Allied Sea, Air Forces
By The Associated Press
MANILA, Thursday, Aug. 23 - Japan's surrender- will be signed aboard
the battleship Missouri in Tokyo Bay Aug. 31, General MacArthur an-
nounced today.
It was the first official word on the site of the signing. The 45,000-ton
battleship participated with Admiral Halsey's Third Fleet last month in
bombarding Japan.
Earlier MacArthur had confirmed Tokyo reports that he would arrive
by plane in Japan next Tuesday, weather permitting, with powerful Allied
sea and air forces.
The Supreme Allied Commander of _

Ban Removed
From Holidayr
Train Trips
Lumber Restrictions1
Eased To Aid Builderst
By The Associated Presst
WASHINGTON, Aug. 22-Goodt
news for vacationers.r
The government lifted its ban onN
holiday trains. If railroads have thet
cars, they can put them back on ther
tracks for the Labor Day rush.
And officials opened wider thet
peacetime throttle by:i
1. Officially lifting the lid on payi
raises for white collar workers.
Freedom by Oct. 1
2. Clearing the way for full free-
dom in home and business building
by Oct. 1.C
The Office of Defense Transporta-
tion dropped its ban on "seasonal"'
passenger trains. The action will let
railroads restore more than 50-pre-C
war seaside and resort trains.
ODT also will permit the operation
of trains running less than 35 per-
cent full. These had been ruled offt
the tracks.X
Not optimistic
But ODT officials are by no means
opimistic that railroads will haveT
enough cars to spare to take ad-Y
vantage of the relaxation. The reas-
on: returning veterans.s m
The inflow of soldiers from over-
seas will be running 300,000 a month
and hit. a peak of 500,000..by Decem-E
ber.
There were three checks on raises
in salaries or wages:
They must not cause an increase in
price ceilings, or be an excuse for
protest against a reduction in prices
at some future time, nor can they be
given if it means an added cost to
the government.
Building Industry Lifted
The construction industry, back-
ward child of the change-over to
peace, got a needed and timely lift.t
The WPB predicted that builderst
would have enough lumber withinf
30 days "to meet all kinds of con-t
struction requirements" -including
houses for civilians.
As a starter, the agency eased itst
controls on lumber and announced it
-would end them entirely on Oct. 1.
End of Building
Controls Asked
WASHINGTON, Aug. 22 - (A') -
Seven industrial organizations today
called for the immediate scrapping
of all building controls.
This folowed hard on the heels of a
War Production Board prediction
that there will be enough lumber
within 30 days "to meet all kinds of
construction requirements," includ-
ing home building.
There was no indication the gov-
ernment intended to lift the remain-
ing controls immediately. WPB
Chief of Staff John W. Small told a
news conference, however, that he
hoped the remaining controls could
be removed by October 1 even in the
face of temporary shortages of ma-
terials.
Ukraine Republic Ratifies
United Nations Charter
LONDON, Aug. 22-(P)--The Mos-
cow radio announced tonight that the
Ukranian Soviet Socialistic Repub-
lic, a member republic in the Soviet
Union, had ratified the United Na-
tions Charter.

CAMPUS EVENTS
Friday Doc Fielding will furnish
the entertainment for the
Jordan Hall open house
to be held from 7-11 p.
m. EWT. There will be
dancing and refreshments
will h served. All men

British authorities in Chungking
declined comment on the inclusion of
Hong Kong as one of the areas to be
occupied by Chinese troops.
Details of the deployment of Chi-
nese occupation troops were disclosed
in a memorandum handed to the Jap-
anese at Chunking by Gen. Ho Ying,
Chin, Chinese field commander.
British troops will land in southern
Indo-China as an occupying force.
A British foreign office commenta-
tor in London said France was not "at
the moment in physical position to
take over the responsibilities of ad-
ministering" French Indo-China
when it is liberated. He emphasized
that the French will take over ad-
ministration "as soon as they are in
a position to do so."
(A Tokyo broadcast said Chinese
troops had entered Caobang, 15 miles
inside Indo-China and were advanc-
ing toward the capital city of Hanoi,
110 miles forther south.)
The Japanese surrender delegation
was headed by Maj. Gen. Tako Imai,
who was told that he must provide
descriptions of all Japanese forces
and to cease hostilities "in perfect or-
der."
He was informed that Gen. Yasuji
Okamura, Japanese commander in
China, would be held responsible for
safeguarding all Allied prisoners of
war, and that all civil administra-
tions must be surrendered only to
persons designated by the Chinese
high command.
A big problem in making the sur-
render of the Japanese effective is
locating Japanese units spread all
over eastern Asia. Many are in re-
mote places, far from transportation
and communication centers.
Japan's formal surrender to China
will be signed, and Chiang will be re-
established in his capital t Nanking.
Stowve Is Here
To See Foreign
Students' Work
Dr. Everett M. Stowe, sent by the
State Department on a tour of cer-
tain American coleges and universi-
ties to promote cultural relations and
examine the work and social condi-
tions of Chinese and Indian students
there, will be at the International
Center Tea from 4 to 5:30 p. m. EWT
today.
Field Secretary of the Committee
on Friendly Relations Among For-
eign Students, Dr. Stowe will talk
on "First Steps in Understanding
American Community Life" at the
tea.
Former faculty member at Foo
Chow College, China, Dr. Stowe, an
American, returned to the United
States on the Gripsholm in 1942.
Dr. Stowe will be interested in
meeting Chinese and Indian students
at the tea and will be prepared to
advise them on student problems.
Stowe will also confer with Dr. Ed-
ward Blakeman, Councilor in Reli-
gious Education, Dr. Esson M. Gale,
director of the International Center
and other faculty members concern-
ed with the problems of foreign
students.
Wainwiri ht
Flies to Chma
CHUNKING, Aug. 22 -(A)- Lt.-
Gen. Jonathan M. Wainwright, U. S.
hero of Corregidor, possibly was en
route to Chunking tonight from a
Manchurian prison camp while hun-
dreds of other "liberated" American
prisoners of war in Manchuria and
China rested up for their return
home.
America's flying mercy teams who
parachuted into Japanese lines were
caring for internees in almost all the
scattered Japanese prison camps on

the Asiatic mainland - but in Korea
an unarmed, unescorted American
rescue plane was ordered by the Jap-
anese to leave Keijo. The Japanese
refused to allow the party to see Al-
lied prisoners.
Fueled with Japanese gasoline, the
American transport left Keijo and

JAP SURRENDER CONFERENCE- TABLE - This is a general view of the conference table in Manila where
the Jan delegation (left side of table) received the surrender terms from the Allies. None of the men in the
photo are identified.

Russians Land in Port Arthur;
Capture Manchukuo Emperor

By The Associated Press
LONDON, Aug. 22-Russian air-
borne troops landed in the American-
bombed Kurile Islands west of the
Aleutians today in an unexpected
sky-jump while other parachutists
reoccupied the historic Pacific ports
of Dairen and Port Arthur-40 years
after Russia lost them to Japan.
Soviet paratroops dropped from
the skies as Russian broadcasts re-
ported that Moscow's far eastern
armies had, captured and interned
Henry Pu-Yi, 39-year-old Japanese
puppet emperor of enemy-sponsored
Manchukuo (Manchuria.)
Port Arthur and Dairen, on the
Ni s Surrender
On Mille Atoll
Bypassed Garrisons
Gradually Capitulating
By The Associated Press
GUAM, Thursday, Aug. 23-Japa-
nese forces on Mille Atoll in the
Marshalls capitulated Wednesday
aboard the-.destroyer escort U. S. S.
Levy, the Navy announced today.
The Japanese commander surrend-
ered in the Mille Atoll to Capt. H. B.
Grow, USNR, commander of Majuro
Atoll.
He acted for Adm. W. K. Harrill,
commander of the Marshall and
Gilberts area.
American occupation forces will
take over Mille "within a few days,"
the fleet communique said.
The Marshalls were invaded by
American forces Jan. 31, 1944, the
invaders bypassing numerous enemy
garrisons in the eastern chain by
going ashore in the western group.
The bypassed Japanese have been
little more than a nuisance value
since then from the enemy's stand-
point but steadfastly had refused to
give in.
De Gaulle Visits
In Washinolon
WASHINGTON, Aug. 22 -())- A
tall, soldier-statesman wearing the
cross of Lorraine got off to an im-
pressive start today in his mission of
cementing friendly relations between
France and the United States.
General Charles De Gaulle, arriv-
ing for a three day state visit with
President Truman, stepped from a
giant transport plane and delivered
a greeting in near-perfect English
which amazed - and delighted - the
large crowds on hand to greet him.
In the welcoming crowd were scores
of top French and American diplo-
matic, military and naval officials,
but De Gaulle appeared to be talking
over their heads to a group of Amer-
ican soldiers and civilians.

leased Kwantung peninsula below
Manchuria, were once Russian. They
represented Czarist Russia's farthest
expansion in her search for warm
water outles for her land and ice-
locked empire.
Capture of the two ports gave Rus-
sia renewed control-temporarily at
least-of the twin ports which JapnT
wrested away in 1905 after the siege
of Port Arthur, one of history's most
famous, which cost the Japanese
more than 30,000 casualties.
The airborne operation was car-
ried out 750 miles west of American-
held Attu in the Aleutians.
The communique also announced
that the occupation of Japanese-held
areas of Manchuria was continuing
while Soviet troops pushed toward
the southern tip of Sakhalin Island,
only 26 miles across Soya strait from
Hokkaido, northernmost of the Jap-
arese home islands.
In Manchuria and on Sakhalin
Island, three Russian armies yester-
day seized 71,000 Japanese officers
and men and roped them into prison
pens for a four-day total of more
than 246,000. Thousands of addi-
tional troops were being corralled,
Moscow said.
The Japanese made Port Arthur
an important naval station and
changed its name to Ryojun. It is
the site of a famous Japanese war
museum with trophies of the enemy's
victory over Russia.
Dairen (Dalny when the Russians
had it) was one of Asia's greatest
seaports and the main funnel
through which Japanese military
and economic power entered the
Asiatic continent.
Murray Backs
Job Guarantees
WASHINGTON, Aug. 22 - (/P -
CIO President Philip Murray urging
speedy passage of legislation under
which the government would seek to
guarantee jobs for all, declared today
the stage is set for "another bigger,
deeper depression which could lead
into another war."
He told a Senate Banking Subcom-
mittee that enactment of the Wag-
ner-Murray "full employment" bill
and ten other pieces of legislation
is long overdue. Failure to pass them,
he declared, "will bring stronger
questions from the people." One of
those questions, he said, involves
continued operation of $15,000,000,-
000 worth of war plants and ma-
chinery owned by the government.
Throwing his full weight behind
the job guarantee bill sponsored by
Robert F. Wagner (D.-N.Y.), James
E. Murray (D.-Mont.) and six other
Senators, the CIO President said:

All-Nations Club
Daream Dance 1
To Be Saturday
''Dream Dance," sponsored by the
All Nations Club, wil be held from
8:30 p. m. to midnight EWT Satur-
day in the small ballroom of the
Union.
The informal record dance, which
was postponed last Saturday, is free
to members of the All Nations Club
and is open to others at 50 cents
per couple. Arrangements have been
made by William E. Magnus, chair-
man of the music and dance commit-
tee.
Chaperones for the dance will be
Dr. and Mrs. Esson M. Gale and Mr.
and Mrs. Robert Klinger. Dr. Gale
and Mr. Klinger are counselor and
assistant counselor to foreign stu-
dents.
Ki ng Mihai Asks
Big Three Aid
Romania Wants Help
For New Government
By The Associated Press .
WASHINGTON, Aug. 22-Youth-
ful King Mihai of Romania has ap-
pealed to the United States, Great
Britain and Russia to help give his
country a new government accept-
able to all three of the great powers.
Disclosing this today, Secretary of
State Byrnes said the United States
is ready to discuss the appeal with
the other two powers and has so noti-
fied them. Officials here doubt, how-
ever, that Russia will agree to any
measures, such as aid in holding a
Romanian election, which would in-
volve big three activity inside that
country.
Tense Situation.
This is the third tense political sit-
uation which has developed in the
Balkans to challenge the abilities of
the Big Three to work together.
Greece, Bulgaria and Hungary have
posed problems in recent months.
Following ouster of the Germans
from Romania by the Red Army,
the country was given a government
containing representatives from all
the major national parties. That
was in November, 1944.
Radescu Government Ousted
Last February the government of
Prime Minister Radescu was ousted
at the insistence of Moscow's Vice
Commissar for Foreign Affairs Vish-
insky. The next government to come
to power was that of Prime Minister
Petre Groza who took office on
March 6.
One More Daily
Tomorrow's Daily will be the
last one published during the sum-
mer session. Publication will be
resumed at the beginning of the
fall term, Thursday, Nov. 1.

occupation forces also announced de-
tails of the precise instructions sent
the Japanese for evacuating key
areas, disarming ships and coastal
defenses and providing direct assis-
tance to the landing forces.
In his midnight announcement to-
correspondents, MacArthur said that
members of the Japanese Imperial
General Staff had been alerted to be
on hand from 6 a. m. "D" day (5 p.
in. Monday, U. S. Eastern War Time)
to meet the Allied commander for
immediate settlement of occupation
problems.
MacArthur Will Fly
MacArthur will accompany air-t
borne forces which will land at At-c
sugi Airdrome, 10 miles southwest ofa
Tokyo, in a vast convoy of transportt
planes covered by fighters and bomb-
ers. The exact landing time was notb
announced.
Simultaneously, landing craft such
as have put thousands of fighting
Americans ashore on many Pacific
islands will land Marines and Bhe-t
jackets at the famous Yokosuka Na-
val Base, on Tokyo Bay approximate-
ly 15 miles southeast of Atsugi Air-
field.
Nipponese civil police and gendar-I
merie remaining in the area will be
equipped only with small arms and
will be on duty to act in case of snip-
ing or possible demonstrations by re-
calcitrant fanatics.
Forces Fully Equipped
The American landing forces will
be in full combat equipment and will
be ready for any eventuality. The
operation will be handled as a regu-
lar combat show.
All day and for some time there-1
after planes will drone over Atsugi1
bringing landing forces and supplies.1
There has been no indication as to
the attitude of the people the Amer-]
icans will encounter, including civil-
ians who presumably will not be evac-
uated.
Jap Diet Urged
To Mleet Soon
By The Associated Press.
An immediate extraordinary ses-
sion of the diet is being urged by
various political elements in Japan,'
Domed News Agency said, as news-
papers continued their campaign to
smooth the way for Allied occupa-
tion.
Domei. in a broadcast Thursday
(Japanese time) said the diet can
display to the world the good faith
of the Japanese government and
people. Advocates of the early diet
session, including members, insisted
it is a necessity for formulating
emergency measures capable of meet-
ing the new situation as the recon-
struction program. These broadcasts
were recorded by the Federal Com-
munications Commission.
Domei also reported that prepara-
tions were underway for "the es-
tablishment of a new Japan" through
organization of the civilian political
strength into parties to include the
general public. The agency said the
new parties, built to cope with the
"changing situation" in the nation,
should not be permitted to become
exclusive groups of diet members, as
in the past.
Few ETO Divisons
May Occupy Japan
WASHINGTON, Aug. 22-(A')-De-
pending on the behavior of the Japa-
nese, the Army may send only three
to six combat divisions to General
Douglas MacArthur for use in the oc-
cupation of Japan.
After the Japanese offered to sur-
render, it was learned today, Gen-
eral MacArthur advised the War De-
partment that he might require six
divisions redeployed from Europe but

things wepnt well inJapnt.

Britain Debates
Charter Prior
To Ratification
A-Power May Have
International Control
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Aug. 22 - Parliament
opened a full dress debate on the
United Nations Charter today with
the prospect Britain would soon be-
come the seventh nation to ratify it,
and with the possibility that some
statement of principle on interna-
tional control of atomic power might
be added to the resolution.
Throughout the debate, which will
continue tomorrow, there ran an ov-
ertone of anxiety about control of
the atomic bomb.
Scarcely a voice was raised against
the charter, hailed by Prime Mini-
ster Clement Attlee as a great instru-
ment for world peace, as the new
labor government asked for its ap-
proval in Commons and the House of
Lords
Quisling Faces
Murder Charge
By TheAssociated Press
OSLO, Norway, Aug. 22 -The
prosecution hurled bitter charges of
murder today against Vidkun Quis-
ling in the deaths of two outstanding
Norwegian patriots-one of them a
kinsman of the former puppet dictat-
or.
He was charged with responsibility
in the killings by the Nazis of Viggo
Hansteen, outstanding young Com-
munist lawyer and underground
leader, and Police Inspector Gunnar
Eilifsen, a relative of the defendant.
Incoherent and at times on the
verge of tears and close to collapse,
Quisling cried out that he was power-
less to prevent the deaths of these
men and many others, because he
was a puppet in the hands of the
German authorities.
Prosecutor Annaeus Schjoedt
charged Quisling with embezzlement
and theft of private and personal
property as the third day of the
treason trial carried the prosecution
through nearly all of its indictment.
'VLoan' Will
Be Final Drive
WASHINGTON, Aug. 22 - (I) -
The eighth and final war loan drive
-the "Victory Loan"-will begin
October 29, with a goal of $11,000,-
000,000. Four billion will be for in-
dividual purchases-two billion of
that in "E" bonds-and seven billion
will come from other non-bank in-
vestors.
Secretary of the Treasury Vinson
made the announcement tonight and
noted that although the present
treasury balance is "large," there
have been "enormous obligations in-
curred in the achievement of victory,
including those for materials and
ammunition already delivered and
used." These, he said, will drain the
treasury balance quickly and addi-
tional funds will be needed early in
December.
Scandalous Hospital
Reports Predicted
DETROIT, Aug. 22-(P)-Further
disclosure of "alarming practices" in
private and public hospitals in Mich-
igan was predicted tonight by State
Senator Charles N, Youngblood.
Youngblood, chairman of a State
Legislative committee investigating
the shortage of bed space in hospi-

i-i, nn, nlich czfn 4-a nd,1a 4ninctf4 rinn

CoeOds eeding Rooms for Fall To See Dean

"All girls planning to return to the
University in the fall who have not
completed housing arrangements
should report to the Office of the
Dean of Women before leaving the
campus," Miss Alice Lloyd, Dean of
Women, advised yesterday.
Those who are on the waiting lists
for dormitories do not need to call at
the office, Mrs. Elsie Fuller, Assistant
Dean of Women in chargeof dormi-
tory accommodations, added.
May Stay in Private Homes
"Women who have had the greatest
success in obtaining rooms for the

private homes may get their special
permission cards from the Office of
the Dean of Women at any time,"
Mrs. Bromage said. "They must be
presented when the students register
before they will be admitted."
In reviewing the latest develop-
ments in the housing situation, Mrs.
Bromage said, "In the past few
months, 23 new league houses and
244 accommodations have been edded
to the total. However, they have been
filled for some time," Mrs. Bromage
said. "Students who are here in town
have naturally been the first on the
spot to get the rooms."

and sets prices and living standards.
In as many league houses as possible
the director is asked to serve meals.
For the information of those who
will live at houses where meals are
not served, Mrs. Bromage added that
the Campus Club, in the League Ball-
room, will close this Friday but will
reopen for Orientation Week. It will
continue open so long as the pressure
.of students requires it. Lunch and
dinner are served to students there
at cafeteria prices.
Applications in Co-ops
The Inter-Cooperative Council has
announced that it is making selec-

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