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August 18, 1945 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1945-08-18

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Fi ftBiYaty,
Fifty-Fifth Year '

'The Tumult and the Shouting...

Lands Elimination of Jim Crow

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board of Control
of Student Publications. The Summer Daily is pub-
lished every day during the week except Monday and
Editorial Staff

Ray Dixon
Margaret Farmer
Betty Roth
Bill Mullendore
Dick Strickland

Managing Editor
, . . . Associate Editor
S . . . Associate Editor
* . * Sports Editor

Business Staff

Business Manager

Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
ollege Publishers Rpresntative
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Full Employrent
PRESIDENT TRUMAN'S emphasis on the need.
for full employment is commendable, but the
question is -- Will he be able to bring about this
full employment with the forces of the press,
bankers, manufacturers, native fascist groups
and members of Cpngress pulling in the opposite
A vast propaganda campaign is under way to
sabotage the Murray-Wagner-Patman Full
Employment Bill which will come before Con-
gress when it convenes in a few weeks. If these
strong forces have their way, and they wield a
great deal of influence, the objectives of Roose-
velt andWallace will neverberrealized.
The war has shown that there can beobs
for all, yet there are those who claim that this
will be impossible in peacetime. Newsweek. June
18, called the Full Employment Bill the "Fool"
Employment Bill. National Association of Man-
facturers' president, Robert Gaylord, when ad-
dressing an AFL forum in April, 1944, termed
jobs-for-all "a dream planner's paradise." In
the New York Journal American of June 13, a
cartoon appeared showing the American Eagle
looking into a trap with the bait in the form of
a bag of gold, called full employment. The trap
itself was labeled, "Foreign dictatorship of
America's internal affairs."
Senators Vandenberg of Michigan and Con-
nally of Texas fought a successful battle against
the inclusion of full employment in the San
Francisco Charter.
Full employment is neither a dream plan nor
a fool one. It is the natural goal toward which
we must strive in order to prevent what many
groups desire - a float of a few million un-
employed. We must fight against these cam-
paigns to prevent .obs-for-all and realize that
if we do not have full employment we will have
failed on the national scene while we succeed-
ed internationally.
-Lynne Sperber
It's All Over
T'S ALL OVER but the shooting, we might
say of World War II.
That it is difficult to get word of the end
of the war to troops fighting on far-flung
fronts we realize. But the delay in getting an
envoy to MacArthur in Manila we cannot un-
After four-and-a-half days of "watchful wait-
ing" the United States finally received word
that Japan had accepted surrender terms. This
delay is a point against Japan.
Enemy bombers took action over Okinawa just
a few hours after the first surrender offer had
been sent by Japan. This is a second point.
It was almost 24 hours after the final sur-
render note had been received that Hirohito is-
sued his order to "cease fire." This is a third
Today we learn that the envoy can't quite
make it to Manila by the appointed time. And
so we have a fourth point.
And we wonder - we remember the atomic
bomb and the Japanese boast that they had
one, too. And we remember the Japanese prom-
ise of a 100 years war "to free Asia from West-
ern dominance."

And we wonder what MacArthur has been do-
ing in the Philippines. We've read few official
communiques. We've only heard rumors that
the liberal elements and the underground forces
are being suppressed to make way for fascists

mult and the shouting dies, the captains
and the kings depart. . ." Vivid memories of
people rejoicing; happy people, delirious people
..telephone books and ticker tape.. horns, horns
and more horns. . . the White House, stately,
aloof, majestic, glowing with lights. . . the State
Department dark. . . the coded mesages have
all been sent. . . sailors kissing pretty girls,
strange girls. , . immaculate, sprightly, spotless
Jimmy Byrnes going into the State Department
. . . surging humanity, surging over the side-
walks, spilling over the sidewalks, dancing in
the streets.. . soldiers singing: "When the war
is over we will all enlist again-like heck we will."
.. back on my desk a letter from an old class-
mate, his boy lost in action.
Philadelphia in 1918 - Dim memories of
people milling around. .; the armistice came
early in the morning giving us all day to mill
... people got a little tired of milling... Then
there was the premature "Roy Howard" ar-
mistice so people celebrated twice. It took the
edge off things. . . The whistles began blowing
while we were out drilling. People came up to
tell us the war was over . . . seemed funny
not to have anything more to drill for. Like
the bottom had dropped out of things . . . the
fellows who had been selected for officer's
training school at Camp Lee, Va., were sore.
It was a dirty trick, the war ending when it
did . . . everybody else was happy. No more
wars . . . the war to end wars. The war to
save democracy."
Lafayette Square, 1945 - Sailors kissing pretty
girls . . . telephone books and ticker tape . . .
stalled street cars . . . two American Legion vets
in uniform. solemn vets, in beautiful blue and
gold, brilliant uniform,mstanding in the stalled
street car. . . "Remember 1918? . . Remember
when you and I did this in Paris? We never
thought we would have to do it again." "What
d'ya think? Will we have to celebrate another
armistice 20 years from now?" . . Solemn vets,
older vets, in blue-gold, brilliant uniforms . . .
Back on my desk, the letter from Barney, still
waiting for his son, still waiting since last No-
vember . . . missing in action near Moerdijk,
Holland . . . how can.I answer him? What can
I possibly write to him? If we could only make
certain that this would end all wars, that would
be at least some consolation to Barney - . .
Can't seem to forget Alfred Noyes' words in the
last war: "We who lie here have nothing left
to pray. To all your praises we are deaf and
blind. We may not even know if you betray our
hopes to make earth better for mankind."
Pennsylvania Avenue - Military police al-
most crushed by the crowds . . . a sailor tak-
ing down "No Parking" signs . . . a soldier
wearing a WAVE's hat ... a War Department
stenog singing: "I'm going back to Topeka,
to sleepy, good old Topeka. I I-o-v-e Wash-
ington, big, bad, wicked Washington, but the
war's over and I'm going back home." . . .
Jimmy Byrnes, immaculate, spotless, spright-
ly, coming out of the State Department . - .
Wonder if he knows the eyes of Barney's
dead son are watching him . . . a million cas-
ualties. A million pairs of eyes watching Jim-
my Byrnes. Does he know they're watching
him? When he goes to London for the meet-
ing of foreign ministers, when he goes to Rio
de Janeiro to sit with Latin American leaders,
they will be watching him, praying for him,
hoping for his success... John McCrae's words
still ringing from the last war: "If ye break
faith with us who die, we shall not sleep . .."
Telephone books and ticker tape . . . paper,
paper, ankle deep . . . hectic crowds, hilarious
crowds, happy crowds . . . military police forced
to retreat behind White House gates . . . the
dark and gloomy State Department . . . ma-
jestic, stately White House.
A radio blaring forth: "Hirohito broadcasts
to people: 'We declared war on America and
Britain out of our sincere desire to ensure Ja-
pan's self-preservation and the stabilization of
East Asia, it being far from our thought either
to infringe upon the sovereignty of other nations
or to embark upon territorial aggrandizement'."
Sounds different from Hirohito's speech right
after Pearl Harbor.
But what a job for our military governors!
What a job for our State Department! . . . How
can we reach down to the very roots of the Jap-
anese psychology? . . . There are some good

people in Japan. Some of the more fearless spent
the war in jail. They opposed the war lords ...
Some followed the war lords into battle because
that was their religion, their whole training.
They knew no better. . . How can we change
that? . . How can we undo that training? . . Will
we spend the money? Will we pick the men?
Alfred Noyes' words from the last war still ring-
ing: "We have heard men say when we were
living that some small dream of good would cost
too much; but, when the foe struck we have
watched you giving and seen you move the
mountains with one touch."
Sailors kissing pretty girls . . . millions of
eyes - beseeching, imploring - reaching out
to Jimmy Byrnes, immaculate, spotless Jimmy
Byrnes, following him as he goes to London
... we have seen men move mountains in war,
will he move mountains in peace? . . . A fine
man, an able man, but he has only two .weeks
before he goes to London, two weeks in which
to get fresh life and blood into the dark and
gloomy State Department . . . Will he leave
behind the old gang who were fooled by Hiro-
hito's soothing syrup before Pearl Harbor? . .

will he be fascinated by the charming gentle-
men who failed to see the significance of Fran-
co? .. will he pump in fresh blood from men
who fought the war, who won the war, who
suffered In foxholes? . . will he get transfu-
sions from those who understand the Sermon
on the Mount?
Sailors kissing pretty girls, strange girls .
telephone books and ticker tape . . . the Sermon
on the Mount! What would happen if we tried
it in our foreign relations? Hitherto other na-
tions have been only too glad to watch another
nation try it out. But when we've tried it with
Latin American nations it's usually worked.
We've made them pretty good neighbors . . .
And if we don't get along with each other in
this day of atomic bombs, we're finished any-
way, so we can afford to be revolutionary.
We can afford to try what no one has ever
really dared try since the days of Christ . . . if
we fail now . . . if Jimmy Byrnes fails in London,
in the State Department, in Japan . . . a million
pairs of eyes are watching him. A million pairs
of hands are stretched out to help him. . . "And
while you deck our graves you shall not know
how many scornful legions pass you by." . . .
"When the foe struck we have watched you giv-
ing and seen you move the mountains with one
touch." . . "Short days ago, we lived, felt dawn
and sunset glow." . . "What can be done we
know. But have no fear! If you fail now, we
shall not see nor hear."
"The tumult and the shouting dies, the cap-
tains and the kings depart . . ." A great war
is won. A greater opportunity lies ahead.
(Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
Community Need
COMMUNITIESthe nation over are beginning
the planning of living memorials to the sol-
diers who have fought and will soon be returning
and even more to those soldiers who won't be
returning. Some comunities have extensive plans
laid out, while other communities have given the
matter little thought.
Here in Ann Arbor a decision must be made
soon as to what should be constructed and when.
It would be very desirable for this project to be
constructed as soon as possible, so that it could
fit in with the general public works program to
employ those people who will be temporarily un-
employed because of the transition to peace-
time production.
The problem of selecting a memorial is indeed
a difficult one, but to the students who have
come to Ann Arbor from cities all over the coun-
try, the lack of any swimming facilities is es-
pecially evident. During recent weeks of humid
weather, a. community outdoor swimming pool
would have been the recreational center of Ann
The construction of such a pool would be a
fitting tribute to those who have brought us vic-
tory. It is a memorial that would be appreciated
more each year, because of the need that it
would satisfy.
The wheels should be set in motion now to
provide, such a memorial.
-Arthur B. Gronik
(OLF IS SUCH A SIMPLE, homely little game;
< its object is so obvious, and all that you need
to succeed is a club and very little conscience.
It l'eminds us of Ann Arbor. You can play on
Saturday afternoons - we played Wednesday
For the benefit of those who are not familiar
with the game we have defined a few of the
terms used in golfing.
opponent: one who can count your strokes
as well as you can.
two-some: your word is as good as his.
four-some: you can never get a good score
with three people watching you.
caddie: your partner in crime.

handicap: honest caddie.
fairway: you have to be a professional to
win this way.
tee: where the fun begins.
tee-hee: an appropriate remark when your
opponent misses his shot.
green: four misses, two kicks and one long
throw from the tee.
*, ,*
We were playing in a four-some Wednesday,
and we had a rather trying time. We were top-
ping all our drives, and turning our ball over
didn't seem to help. We played 36 holes, ROUGH-
LY speaking. It took us 18 strokes for one hole
alone: 17 ordinary ones, and one apoplectic. We
don't specialize in any particular shot, but
Scotch and soda is one of our favorites.
Our partner, a dentist, only played 18 holes
--he had filled 18 the day before. One of our
opponents had a perfect 36. She was a model
who came up to Ann Arbor for the day. Our
other opponent went around in 81. We weren't
even born in 1881.

r HE NAVY'S program to eliminate
racial discrimination is "so far
ahead of the Army's that it's not
even funny."
So spoke Lester B. Granger, exec-
utive secretary of the National Ur-
ban League, after a tour of 12 Navy
stations throughout the country.
lie concluded that the policy was
"honestly and intelligently admin-
istered" and found "rather a lively
and sincere interest in making the
policy successful." The top offic-
ers are "proud of what they have
As for the reception in the ranks,
Granger reported that the "squawk-
ing" over the non-segregation policy
was not serious. The men had the
feeling "we're all in the Navy togeth-
The reaction of one white sailor was
typical of the Southerners:
"I'd rather stay with my own
people. But I hunk next to a

Negro; he leaves me alone and I
leave him alone, and so it's all
Aside from this traditional preju-
dice in the ranks, the policy has
been successful along several lines.
Two years ago, Negroes in the Navy
were restricted to serving as stew-
ards; now they may hold any posi-
tion but that of aviation pilot and a
combat post on submarines. Neither
are Negroes in general service limited
to one or two vessels but are being
assigned to auxiliary craft up to 10
per cent of the ships' crew. Segre-
gation has been eliminated in mess
halls and in recreational facilities,
but Negroes and whites still have
separate barracks.
Granger also pointed out that
Negroes are now being trained as
commissioned officers. Previously,
they were barried from commis-
sions, whatever their training or


experience. A Michigan graduate,
Henry A. Martin Jr., was one of
the first sworn in as an ensign.
(See picture page 4).
In contrast with this advanced
Navy program is the Army policy.
Negroes are grouped together in units
-such as the all-Negro paratrooper
company and the famed 92nd. In
some camps the post exchange clerks
refuse to sell anything to Negroes,'
who are addressed as "niggers."
One soldier brought up in the
North and stationed in the South
wrote to the New Republic:
"We are all ready and willing to
do our part to win the war, but at
least we should get some kind of
He asked this poignant question,
"If we are kicked around now, dur-
ing the war, what will happen after
the war?"
-Patricia Cameron

Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University.Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Summer Session office,
Angell Hall, by 2:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (1030 a. m. Sat-I
VOL. LV, No. 32S
The University of Michigan Polo-'
nia Club will hold its next meeting on
Tuesday, August 21st at the Interna-
tional Center, at 7:30 EWT. Plans
for a picnic will be discussed at that
The Michigan Christian Fellow-
ship. "Missionary Opportunities in
the Post-War Era." Lane Hall, Fire-
side Room. Sunday, August 19, 1945,
4:30 p. m. EWT. Hymn sing at 4:00
p. m. the same day.
Aunt Ruth Buchanan still wants
Daily's for the men in service even
though the war is over. Please send
them to Aunt Ruth, Museum Build-
ing, Campus.
United States' Civil Service an-
nouncements for Accounting and
Auditing Assistant, $2,100 and $2,320,
Recreational Aide, $2,320 and $2,6540,
Physical Director, $2,980, Teacher
(Academic Subjects), $2,320, and
Commercial Aide, $2,320, have been
received in our office. For further
information, call at the Bureau of
Appointments, 201 Mason Hall.
Student Football Tickets to the
Great Lakes, Indiana and Northwest-
ern Football Games: Civilian students
enrolled in the 1945 Summer Term
who are entitled to student admis-
sion to the first three University of
Michigan home football games, should
exchange their Physical Education
coupon (ticket No. 7) for their foot-
ball tickets at the Athletic Office
Ferry Field, between 8:00 a. m. and
5:00 p. m. on the following days:
Senior and graduate students-
Monday, August 27th.
Junior Students-Tuesday, August
Sophomore Students-Wednesday,
August 29th.
Freshman Students - Thursday,
August 30th.
Class preference will be obtainable
only on the date indicated. Students
desiring their tickets in one block
should present. their Physical Educa-
tion coupons together. One student
may present all of the coupons for
such a block of student tickets. Where
students of different classes desire
adjacent seats, the preference of the
lowest class will prevail.
A cademic Notices
Attention August and October
Graduates: College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts, School of Educa-
tion, School of Music, School of Pub-
lic Health: Students are advised not
to request grades of I or X in Aug-
ust, or October. When such grades
are absolutely imperative, the work
must be made up in time to allow
your instructor to report the make-
up grade not later than noon, Aug-
ust 31, for the Summer Session, and
noon, October 26, for the Summer
Term. Grades received after that
time may defer the student's gradua-
tion until a later date.
Seniors: College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts, Schools of Educa-
tion, Music, and Public Health: Tent-
ative lists of seniors for September

and October graduation have beent
posted on the bulletin board in RoomI
4, University Hall. If your name does
not appear, or, if included there, itI
is not correctly spelled, please notifyI
the counter clerk.
Recommendations for Department-
al Honrors: Teaching departments
wishing to recommend tentative Aug-
ust graduates from the College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts, and
the School of Education for de-
partmental honors should send such
names to the Registrar's office, Room
4, University Hall, by noon August
31. Recommendations for tentative
Octobe candidates should be in the
Registrar's Office by noon October
Notice to Students in the Summer
Session Regarding Library Books:
1. Students enrolled in the eight
weeks' Summer Session who have in
their possession books drawn from
the General Library and its branches
are notified that such books are due
Tuesday, August 21.
2. The names of all such students
who have not cleared their records
at the Library by Friday, August 24,
will be sentato the Recorder's Office.
The credits of these students will be
held up until their records are clear-
ed, in compliance with regulations
established bythe Regents.
Linguistic Institute. The question-
and-answer program will be held Tu-
esday, August 21, at 7 p. m. EWT
in the Rackham Amphitheatre.
Questions will be answered by
a panel of members of the In-
stitute faculty. Members of the In-
stitute are requested to leave ques-
tions on linguistic topics in Profes-
sor Fries's box in the English depart-
ment office, 3221 Angell Hall, any
time before noon Tuesday.
Geometry Seminar: Tuesday, 3:00
CWT (4:00 EWT) 3201 Angell Hall.
K. Leisenring will discuss "Transfor-
mations in Inversive Geometry."
Students in Speech: The .final as-
sembly of the Department of Speech,
originally scheduled for Wednesday,
August 15, will be held at 4 p. m.
Monday in the Rackham Amphithea-
tre. The program will include a dem-
onstration debate 'and a citation of
candidates who are to receive degrees
at the end of the summer session or
Symposium on Molecular Structure.
Dr. Peter Smith will speak on "Car-
bon Attached Groups of Ionic Char-
acter" in Room 303 Chemistry Build-
ing on Monday, August 20 at 3:15
p. m. (CWT), 4:15 p. m. (EWT). All
interested are invited to attend.
Physical Education-Women Stu-
dents: Registration for the second
eight weeks of activities will be held
on Thursday and Friday, August 23
and 24, 8:30 to 12:00 and 1:30 to 4:30
in Office 15, Barbour Gymnasium.
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: Midsemester re-
ports are due not later than Saturday,
August 25.
Report cards are being distributed
to all departmental offices. Green
cards are being provided for fresh-
man and sophomores and white cards
for reporting juniors and seniors. Re-
ports of freshmen and sophomores
should be sent to 108 Mason Hall;
those of juniors and seniors to 1220
Angell Hall.
Midsemester reports should name
those students, freshmen and upper-
classmen, whose standing at midse-
mester is D or E, not merely those
who receive D or E in so-called mid-
semester examinations.
Students electing our courses, but
registered in other schools or colleges
of the University should be reported
to the school or college in which
they are registered.
Additinal cards may be had at 108

the Chairman may invite members of
the faculties and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend this examina-
tion, and he may grant permission to
those who for sufficient reason might
wish to be present.
Student Recital: Elaine Ashbey
Rathbun, pianist, will present a re-
cital Wednesday, August 22, 1945,
7:30 p. m. (CWT) in the Rackham
Assembly. A pupil of Joseph Brink-
man, Miss Rathbun will be heard in
compositions by Bach, Beethoven,
Sandro Fuga and Schubert.
The general public is invited.
Choral Union Concerts: Concerts
will be given in the Sixty-seventh an-
nual Choral Union Series next season
as follows:
PAUL ROBESON, Baritone. Sat-
urday, Nov. 3.
Leinsdorf, Conductor. Sunday, Nov.
Monday, Nov. 19.
JENNIE TOUREL, Contralto. Tues-
day, Nov. 27.
Jaroff, Conductor. Monday, Dec. 3.
TRA, Serge Koussevitzky, Conductor.
Monday, Dec. 10.
JASCHA HEIFETZ, Violinist. Fri-
day, Jan. 18.
TRA, Desire Defauw, Conductor.
Thursday, Jan. 31.
nesday, Feb. 13.
TRA, Karl Krueger, Conductor. Mon-
day, March 1 g.
Orders for season tickets, accom-
panied by remittance to cover, will
be accepted, and filed in sequences;
and selections made accordingly.
Ticket prices are as follows:
$15.60 (Block A, Patron Tickets).
Three center sections on main floor
and in first balcony.
$13.20 (Block B). Side sections on
both main floor and in first balcony.
$10.80 (Block C). First sixteen
rows in the top balcony
$8.40 (Block C). Last six rows in
the top balcony.
Remittances should be made pay-
able to University Musical Society,
and mailed to Charles A. Sink, Presi-
dent, Burton Memorial Tower, Ann
The University Choir, George Oscar
Bowen, Guest Conductor, will present
a concert Sunday afternoon, August
19, 1945, 3:15 p. m. CWT, in the
Grand Rapids Room of the Michigan
League. Miss Helen Briggs will be
guest pianist 'on the program. The
Choir will be heard in compositions
by Bach, Gretchaninoff, Robertson,
Palestrina and Steffe-Ringwald.
The general public is invited.
Student Recital Series: A string
quartet class will be presented Tues-
day, August 21, 1945, 7:30 p. m.
CWT, in the Rackham Assembly.
The class will be under the direction
of Louise Rood, violist, and Robert
Swenson, cellist. Heard on the pro-
gram will be compositions by Haydn,
Brahms and Beethoven.
The public is cordially invited.
Student Recital: Hubert Fitch, pia-
nist, will present a recital in partial
fulfillment of the requirements of the
degree of Master of Music, Sunday,
August 19, 1945, 7:30 p. m. (CWT),
in Pattengill Auditorium of the Ann
Arbor High School. Mr. Fitch's pro-
gram will include compositions by
Schubert, Bach, Sowerby and Al-
mand. He is a pupil of Joseph Brink-
The. public is cordially invited.


By Crockett Johnson

~ On account of the rain everybody's in the

You should have gone in, too. Instead of
rI n ;n:.. fc t.. i n f :. a fhin...,m fnr _m

You'd better hurry down. They're 1
;..r. fn ,rve th ii ,r4I f flo --


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