THE MTCT1TcAN rbATIN~
SATURDAY, AUGUST 4, 1945
m 4_I Ali V .GJ. FA .S .0.r1 .0.
General's Wife Overseasfor 0WI
I INTERPRETATION OF POTSDAM:
'Versailles Treaty Like Child's Play'
Edited and managed by students of the University of
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NIGHT EDITOR: MARGARET FARMER
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
BEFORE its adjournment Thursday, the Senate
left a scratchpad of things undone that
would appear to encompass an- almost complete
program for postwar United States. But the
list is of "things undone."
In a pre-adjournment speech, Democratic
Leader Alben Barkley enumerated the unfinished
Government re-organization legislation.
Agricultural legislation dealing with farmers
in the postwar period.
Full employment legislation which Presi-
dent Roosevelt had asked for in his annual
message to Congress last January, and which
President Truman has endorsed.
Program for rehabilitation and re-integration
of the armed forces.
A Federal housing program.
Revision of the surplus property law.
A national medical care program, and ex-
panded social security legislation. .
Removal of monopolies and cartels.
Development of waterways and water power.
The bill of rights for the common man, which
Barkley noted President Roosevelt had submitted
more than a year ago, covering many, of the
problems already mentioned, in addition to
The importance of these nmeasures cannot
be over estimated. To have a clear-cut pro-
gram ready for V-J day is essential.
It is probably wishful thinking to say that the
war might end before the Senate re-convenes.
But that little "if" is always there, and in the
event that the conditional should become the
actual, the United States would be unprepared.
It is unfortunate that the Senate has ad-
journed. But there is still a possibility of cut-
ting short this inopportune vacation.
Senator Barkley; Rep. John McCormack,
Democratic Leader of the House; Sen. Wal-
lace White, Senate Republican leader; Rep.
H. Joseph Martin,. House Republican leader;
and President Truman all have the power to
call Congress back immediately.
A deluge of letters to these men might
make them aware of the fact that the Amer-
ican people want a post-war plan now.
EVERY CLOUD has a silver lining, and even
Senator Bilbo has some redemption in the
grossness of his vindication of racial prejudices.
By his stark, unashamed revelation of his hat-
red of Negroes and other minority groups and
his belief in white supremacy, he repells many
people from his stand. He is, as the current
Nation points out, "Exhibit , A of what free
americans have been fighting against throughout
their history," and we might easily thank him
for being so outspoken that people who might
otherwise favor his ideas become opposed to them
by this manner of presentation and his method
6f propagating hatred. ,
"The advocates of white supremacy, of Anglo-
$axon superiority, have employed all manner of
specious devices to conceal the twisted quality
of mind and -soul behind their racial bias," the
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-G. I.'s in the American Army
of occupation for -Germany will not be able
to bring their wives to Europe, despite the fact
that some of them have been separated from
their families for two and three years.
President Truman made this very clear in his .
recent interview with the Stars and Stripes,
and, because of tight transportation, this ruling
But apparently the rule won't apply to gen-
erals. Almost simultaneous with Truman's
statement, it became known that the wife of
Gen. Robert A. McClure, head of the Army's
psychological warfare division, was able to go
Furthermore, General McClure's wife was
transported across the Atlantic at the taxpayers'
expense-as a clerk for the Office of War Infor-
General McClure works in close and intimate
cooperation with OWl.
An official cable hiring Mrs. McClure as an
OWI clerk follows: "Effective commencing July
15, Marjory McClure will be paid $75 every
28 days at post. Balance of her base pay of
$200 plus overtime minus usual deductions will
be paid power of attorney. Annual living al-
lowance effective on arrival, $1,980."
Accordingly; Mrs. McClure departed for Eu-
rope on July 15.
This neat little scheme for generals to get
what G. L's can't was set in motion at the
very same time OW was laying off clerks and
other personnel, due to a drastic cut in funds
by Congress. So, while some clerks are fired,
generals' wives are hired.
NOTE-OWI officials state that Mrs. McClure
will serve as a receptionist in Paris; that she
has ability in meeting people; and that they have
long needed someone in Paris who could act in
No Duke Churchill
W HEN WINSTON CHURCHILL turned down
a knighthood this week, his son Randolph
Churchill probably heaved a big sigh of relief.
For it meant that his father, in turning down
this lesson honor, probably would not accept a
dukedom or any other high reward. Should the
elder Churchill accept a peerage, he would move
into the House of Lords, which would mean that
his son Randolph, upon his father's death, auto-
matically would become a Lord, thereby forfeit-
ing the chance of a fighting political career as
To inherit a title is the last thing young
Churchill wants. His future career lies in the
House of Commons, like,his father.
Knowing his son's ambition, the prime min-
ister used to hold a Sword of Damocles over
Randolph's head. When the mercurial Rand-
olph got out of hand, his father half-jokingly
"Tut, tut. Be careful or I'll take a peerage."
Battle Over Steel
ONE OF THE HOTTEST fights in the whole hot
history of the War Production Board has
been raging backstage regarding the future allo-
cation of steel to industry.
It is a fight affecting almost every business
in the country-large and small-and if the
bigindustry boys get their way, civilian manu-
facturers will get less material even than during
the third quarter of this year, when we were
still fighting a two-front war.
The fight is over how sheet steel shall be
Basically, this bols down to whether the
big automobile companies will get it all, or
whether other manufacturers will be given at
least a little.
It is exactly the same fight, in reverse, which
occurred before Pearl Harbor. At that time, the
automobile industry was using up most of the
sheet steel. War production was held up until
their output could be curtailed, and the auto
boys pulled all sorts of wires to keep on pro-
Now, the same wires are being pulled to let
steel be completely free, and not allocated to
anyone. This is just another way of saying
that the automobile companies will get it all,
because they are the biggest peacetime buy-
ers of steel and the steel companies naturally,
like to please their best customers.
Big Business WPB
TODAY, the War Production Board, under
Chairman "Cap" Krug, is more big-business-
controlled than ever, so the automobile boys may
get their way.
Their fight inside WPB is being led by vice-
chairman Harold Boeschenstein, whose glass
company sells headlights to auto manufacturers.
He and other WPB moguls argue that the present
"controlled materials plan" should be "open-
ended," in other words, after a steel mill has
completed its "must" government- orders, it can
sell whatever steel is left over to anyone it
Hitherto, farm machinery, hardware, the rail-
roads and various war-supporting industries got
definite steel allocations from the government.
They were always assured some steel. Under
the new proposal, however, they would have to
scramble for it in competition with the auto-
While the railroads, farm implement com-
panies, et al, doubtless can look after them-
selves, a long list of small manufacturers also
would be affected-those making hardware,
electric irons, washing machines, etc. Hith-
erto, they have been able to get a certain
amount of steel allocated to them by WPB.
But under the proposed new plan, they would
have to scramble for it.. And in any battle
with the auto companies, it is not difficult
to guess where .they would come out.
Actually there will be very little steel to scram-
ble for. After war needs and war -supporting
needs are met, it is estimated only about 1,000,-
000 tons of sheet steel will be left over. If WPB
moguls have their way, however, the scramble
will begin in the fourth quarter of this year.
NOTE-It will be up to new war mobilizer
John Snyder to make the final decision.
British Black List
ATTENTIONERNEST BEVIN, new British
MFAinisterofForeign Affails: take a goo
look at the British black list and the way your
predecessors in. the Churchill government were
trying to keep a director of I. G. Farben off that
list. He is: Arpad Plesch, who not only was a
directoi' of Hitler's largest cartel, but attempted
some interesting financial transactions in Swit-
For some reason, the Churchill government
removed Plesch's nme from the black list,
though the U.S. Treasury vigorously opposed.
It's worth looking into, Mr. Bevin
(Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
rTHE NEXT two months will be noisy news, for
a great fight is forming up in the market-
place of opinion. The question is whether the
government has a duty to protect the American
people against the pains and sorrows of recon-
version, or whether it should simply close its eyes,
hold on tight, and let reconversion happen. Both
schools have adherents, and these are beginning
to dislike each other very much.
The debate over reconversion brings to a
current focus our family quarrel of the last
fifteen years as to how much government owes
to the individual. Shall government pay each
dismissed war worker up to $25 per week, for up
to six months? Shall government continue price
control, and control of the flow of materials into
the peace, to avert inflation? Shall government
ease manufacturers gradually back into civilian
production, spoon-feeding them the goods they
need, according to a master plan? Or shall gov-
ernment do none of these things, but, clapping
its hands over its ears, simply say "Go!" and
then watch what happens?
We are deadlocked on these issues, so badly
deadlocked that, in the face of them, Con-
gress has been able to think of nothing to do
but adjourn and go home for two months.
Perhaps during those months Congress will
receive a clear directive from the people,
something like that wave of sentiment which
swept the Charter through to almost unani-
THE FIGHT is on. Thirteen liberal Democratic
Senators, led by Pepper and Kilgore, met
privately in Washington on Tuesday to talk about
reconversion issues. The group denies vigorously
that it has any quarrel with the Truman admini-
stration. It assumes that the Truman admini-
stration is on its side; it points to the fact that
the "$25 for 26 weeks" unemployment insurance
proposal came directly from the President.
But the most striking political fact of the mo-
ment is that the conservative wing also assumes
that President Truman is on its side; the finan-
cial papers report with gratification that the
War Production Board seems inclined to throw
off regulations as rapidly as possible, and to
give business its head. Both Senator Pepper
and Mr. William Randolph Hearst's cartoonists
are praising the President; and the balance
between liberal and conservative action which
Mr. Truman has maintained so carefully and
skilfully now approaches its critical test.
Will it tip one way or the other at last?
Or will the war end with the balance evenly
maintained, but nothing decided, while the
country stares at the featureless blankness
of a Congressional adjournment?
We have talking to do, and searching of souls,
for it is a kind of failure on a grand scale for
Congress to have carried its indecision right up
to the point of going home. It is strange that
America should have given the blank reply of
adjournment to the great question of the human
side of reconversion, the very week after Brit-
ain gave a powerful affirmative answer, through
the Labor election victory.
It would seem that the least President Tru-
man could do would be to insist that Congress
go into special session to deal specifically with
reconversion; that would be our method for
finding out how the country stands on helping
its people over the transition bumps, much as
a general election was Britain's method. It is
impossible to assume that the questions which
found a reply in Britain do not also trouble
Americans; and any answer openly reached
would be better than this evasive and sidelong
business of closing the desk and going home
quietly, as on tiptoe.
(Copyright, 1945. N. Y. Post Syndicate)
BY LOUIS P. LOCHNER
Associated Press News Analyst
RESIDENT Truman, Premier Sta-
lin, and Prime Minister Attlee
after conferences lasting over a per-
iod of 17 days submitted to the world
a report on their. agreements where-
from it appears:
1. The conditions imposed on de-
feated Germany make the Versailles
treaty look like child's play
2. The Big Three intend firmly to
hecld the world's fate in their hands
as final arbiters.
3. Soviet Russia emerges as the
dominating power in Europe.
4. Soviet Russia in control of
Koenigsberg and former German
Baltic regions east of that city, has
enormously improved her position
as a maritime power.
5. The Western Allies' war in the
Pacific received the indorsement of
Premier Stalin, in that the Russian
leader agreed that Italy should be
rewarded by an early peace treaty
for joining the war against Japan.
6. Italy, Romania, Bulgaria,Hun-
gary and Finland will be back on
a peace basis long before Germany
can hope for such status.
Germany will pay for her folly in
unloosing the second World War.
The end of the first war left German
industry and shipping -- two of her
greatest economic assets - intact-
The Versailles treaty also permitted
the development of her civilian avia-
tion on a big scale.
The Pctsdam conference agree-
ment breaks up German cartels
and trusts, puts an end to all Ger-
man industry potentially service-
able to or convertible into war pro-
duction, eliminates such world
competitors in shipping as the
Hamburg lines and prohibits all
German aviation of any kind.
Potsdam flatly tells the Germans
to concentrate on agriculture and
peaceful domestic industries, thus
shattering any hopes they n'iay have
that Germany will again become a
To the Editor:
TODAY while we are allegedly
fighting this war to preserve de-
mocracy throughout the world, it is
common knowledge that a large seg-
ment of our population is being de-
nied. the very rights which democ-
racy is supposed to confer upon
them; we are specifically referring
to the American Negroes.
While over a million Negro sol-
diers are helping to forge the final
victory ahead - while on battle-
fields these soldiers are constant-
ly furnishing proof of their devo-
tion to our country's ideals - their
white neighbors back home are
making sure that when they re-
turn from the war, they will not
forget their "right place" in soci-
The more liberal among us are
conscious of the sa facts, and de-
nounce them aloud; we extend our
sympathy to a persecuted race.How-
ever, sympathy alone is not wanted;
tolerance alone is not requested -
the need today is for action.
We have the opportunity, here in
Ann Arbor,. to demonstrate to our
Negro compatriots and to ourselves
that we are really sincere in -our
opinions about race equality; we can
show that we mean business.
Here is our plan for action:
1) We suggest that the Daily set
up a committee of students to in-
vestigate racial discriminations in
local barber shops, restaurants, ho-
tels, and other public places.
2) We propose that any concern
discovered to be guilty of discrimi-
nation be given notice to cease such
3) We further suggest that if the
committee's warnings go unheeded,
the Daily publish a list of the recal-
citrant establishments, asking the
student body to boycott the latter:
At the risk of being repetitious,
we want to state again that we
wholeheartedly believe that action
is the only means through which
we can prove to the world that we
are fully aware of all the implica-
tions of the word democracy.
EDITOR'S NOTE: The Daily is forced to
limit itself to its function of publishing
the Daily. We suggest that you take up
the formation of such a committee with
more suitable organizations. Inter-Ra-
cial Association, which last semester
made an investigation (see Daily of July
3. 1945), Michigan Youth for Democratic
Action or Post-War Council might adopt
great exporting nation with inter-
ests throughout the world.
Territorially, Germany loses not
only all she gained by the brow-beat-
ing negotiations of Adolf Hitler -
such as Austria and the Sudeten-
land -or by conquest - such as Al-
sace-Lorraine and Poland - but she
must write off some of the most val-
uable regions of Germany proper -
such as Silesia, East Prussia and
large sections of Pomerania. And
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Summer Session office,l
Angell Hall, by 2:30 p. M. of the day
preceding publication (10:30 a. m. Sat-
CENTRAL WAR TIME USED IN
THE DAILY OFFICIAL
SATURDAY, AUGUST 4, 1945 1
VOL. LV, No. 24S
The American Red Cross has ur-
gent need for Social Workers, Rec-
reation workers and Staff Aides to
help in Hospitals in this country as
well as for overseas positions. Age
23 to 50 and college men and women
preferred. Personnel secretaries from
Headquarters will be 1 in Ann Ar-
bor on August 13 and 14 to inter-
view interested persons.
Appointments for interviews may
be made at Red Cross Headquarters,
The University of Michigan Polonia
Club will hold a meeting at the Inter-
national Center next Tuesday at 7:30
EWT. Plans will be made for a picnic
to be held at the Island. All students
Iof Polish descent are cordially invited
Graduate Outing Club: The Gradu-
ate Outing club is meeting for a hike
Sunday afternoon, August 5, at 2:30
p. m. EWT at the back entrance to
the Rackham Building; destination
will be decided at that time. Bring
your own lunch.
Dr. George Kiss of the Geography
Department will speak on "The Rus-
sian Arctic" at 8:00 p. m. (EWT),
Monday, August 6th, in the Interna-
tional Center. The Russky Kruzhok
(Russian Circle) invites all who are
interested to attend. Tea will be
served following the talk.
Lecture. "Interpreting the News."
Professor Preston W. Slosson, 3:10
p. m. (CWT) 4:10 p. m. (EWT) Tues-
day, August 7, Rackham Amphithea-
tre. Auspices of the Summer Ses-
Attention Engineering Faculty:
Five-week reports below C of all
Navy and Marine students who are
not in the Prescribed Curriculum;
also for those in Terms 5, 6, and 7
of the Prescribed Curriculum are to
be turned in to Dean Emmons' Of-
fice, Room 259, W. Eng. Bldg., not
later than August 4. Report cards
may be obtained from your depart-
The five-weeks' grades for Navy and
Marine trainees (other than Engi-
neers and Supply Corps will be due
Saturday, August 4. Department of-
fices will be provided with special
cards and the Office of the Academic
Counselors, 108 Mason Hall, will re-
ceive these reports and transmit them
to the proper officers.
Colleges of Literature, Science, and
the Arts, and Architecture and De-
sign; Schools of Education, Forestry,
Music, and Public Health: Each stu-
dent who has changed his address
since June registration should file a
change of address.in Room 4, U. H.,
so that the report of this summer
work will not be misdirected.
Conferences for Music Teachers.
Two conferences for teachers of
schoi vocal music, and teachers of
string instruments, will be held in
Ann Arbor, Thursday, Friday, and
Saturday, August 2-4. David Mat-
tern, Professor of Music Education, is
in charge of the programs, which will
include demonstrations and discus-
sions on the materials and procedures
of t'eaching music in public schools.
Registration for the conferences
will take place at 8:30 a. m. EWT, on
the second floor of the Michigan
League, on Thursday, August 2.
Attention Engineering Faculty:
Five-week reports on standings of
all civilian Engineering freshmen and
all Navy and Marine students in
Terms 1, 2, 3, and 4 of the Prescrib-
ed Curriculum are due August 4. Re-
port blanks will be furnished by cam-
Dus mnil and are to he returned to
Preliminary Examinations for the
Doctorate in School of Education.
These examinations will be held dur-
ing the summer on August 27-28-29
from 8 till 11 o'clock (CWT). Any-
one desiring to take the examinations
should notify Dr. Woody's Office,
4,000 University High School, before
Symposium on Molecular Structure.
Dr. Theodore Berlin will speak on
"Wave Mechanical Principles and
Chemical Resonance" in Room 303
Chemistry Building on Monday, Aug-
ust 6 at 3:15 p. m. (CWT), 4:15 p.m.
(EWT). All interested are invited
Student Recital: Dorothy Jeanne
Gentry, a student of organ under
Palmer Christian, will present a re-
cital in partial fulfillment of the re-
quirements of the degree of Master
of Music, at 7:30 p. m. CWT, Wed-
nesday, August 8, in Hill Auditorium.
The public is cordially invited.
Clements Library. Japan in Maps
from Columbus to Perry (1492-1854).
Architecture Building. Student
Michigan Historical Collections,
160 Rackham Building. The Uni-
versity of Michigan in the war.
Museums Building, rotunda. Some
roods of the American Indian.
General Library, main corridor
cases. Early military science. Selec-
tion from the Stephen Spaulding, '27,
memorial collection, presented by Col.
T. M. Spaulding, '02.
Play. "Quality Street" by Sir James
M. Barrie. Michigan Repertory Play-
ers, Department of Speech. 7:30 p. m.
CWT or 8:30 p. m. EWT. Lydia
Coming Events y
Gamma Delta, Lutheran Student
Club, will have an outing to Portage
Lake Sunday afternoon, meeting at
the Student Center at 2:30. Trans-
portation will be furnished. Call
5560 Friday for information or reser-
First Church of Christ, Scientist:
109 S. Division St. Wednesday eve-
ning service at 8 p. m. Sunday morn-
ing service at 10:30 a. m. Subject
"Love." Sunday school at 11:45 a. m.
A special reading room is maintained
by this church at 706 Wolverine
Bldg., Washington at Fourth, where
the Bible, also the Christian Science
Textbook, "Science and Health with
Key to the Scriptures" and 'other
writings by Mary Baker Eddy may be
read, borrowed or purchased. Open
daily except .Sundays and holidays
from 11:30 a. m. to 5 p. m.
University Lutheran Chapel, 1511
Washtenaw, has its Sunday service
at 11:00 a. m. This Sunday the Rev.
Alfred Scheips will preach on the
subject, "Is Your Conscience a Safe
Gamma Delta, Lutheran Student
Club, will meet Sunday at the Stu-
dent Center at 2:30 to go on an out-
ing to Portage Lake. Lutheran Stu-
dents and Servicemen cordially in-
vited. Please phone 5560 for infor-
niation or reservation.
First Methodist Church and Wesley
Foundation. Morning Worship Ser-
vice at 10:40 a. in. Dr. James Brett
Kenna will preach- on "The Dusty
Highway." Wesleyan Guild meeting
at 6 p. m. Topic for discussion "Re-
ligion and the India Problem." Sup-
per and fellowship hour.
First Baptist Church, 512 E. Huron,
Rev. C. H. Loucks, Minister and Stu-
dent Counselor. Saturday, Aug. ,4,
the Guild members will meet at the
Guild House, 502 E. Huron for an
Open-House Party. Sunday, Aug. 5,
10:00 Bible Study class will continue
its study in Mark. 11:00 Morning
Wxrch'in 5-R4iGCIcrtn Al Pv rant-+
the age-long dream of German col-
onies must be buried forever.
Stalin can return to Moscow well
satisfied with the results. By the
wording of the Potsdam agreement
the United States and Britain vir-
tually acknowledged disinterested-
ness in Bulgaria, Finland, Hun-
gary and Romania except that
their press representatives are as-
sured full freedom of movement to
report in these countries.
By Crockett Johnson
I When Barnabv told Minerva his Fairv '
But, oft any rate, Mfnervo s ms tfnnne
I Yes- m bov. fhtrp hnvn kpf n n to%" wh,,