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July 07, 1943 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1943-07-07

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fii £trpgan Da1
Fifty-Third Year

Edited and managed by students of the Univesity of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every mrnin except Mon
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is excusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
lication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43
Editorial Staff
Marion Ford . . . . Managing Editor
Bud rimmer . . . . . Editorial Director
Leon Gordenker . . . . . . City Editor
Harvey Frank . . . . . Sports Editor
Business Staff
Jeanne Lovett s , . . Business Manager
Molly Winokur . . Associate Business Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NYA, Boon to College
Youth, Is Dscontinued
T HIRTY-NINE expense-cutting senators de-
-ided mn agreement with House members last
Saturday that the National Youth Administra-
tion-real alma mater of thousand of college stu-
dents-is to be liquidated by the end of 1943.
The NYA, which was really founded in Feb-
ruary of 1934 under the name of Federal Re-
lief Emergency Administration, has been a
real boon to college students. More than
6,OO,000 men and women have been 'helped
through high school and college by NYA funds.
Thousands of students have been able to buy
better food and secure decent living quarters
because they were receiving pay from the gov-
ernment for filling a worthwhile job.
Many recipients of NYA aid acquired a .tech-
nical dkill and knowledge that has since become
their life's work. Now all this has come to an
u YA here at the University has played an
important role in the life of students. Since
February of 1934 when the University first re-
ceived government funds for the purpose of aid:-
ing students, until the present time, between five
and seven thousand men and women have earned
part of their college expenses through this agen-
The government has mailed to University
students over a million dollars in pay during a
period of nine years. And the useful, educa-
tional work these students have done under
NYA patronage ranges from typing and filing
to laboratory assistance, from art to adult edu-
cation, from'special work in museums to reore-
ational leadership.
The National Youth Administration may have
ceased to exist last week for all practical pur-
poses, but there are millions of students who will
never forget it. As the regional chief of the
agency Orrin H. Kaye said, "For most of them, it
represented the only slice of America and its
aims of social betterment they ever had."
Perhaps sometime, if the need arises, the
ghost of the NYA will be revived.
- Virginia Rock
Sikorski's Dath 5Is oon
T0 Ar Plish Fascists
Mimnnter of the -isef 'GoveritePnt-in-amile,
and -Comnmander-in-Chief of the Poish armed

forces has been killed in .an 'airplane crash at
This unexpectei .development in the Pollsh
situation will serve to clarify the issues and
personalities in the Polish-Russian diplomatic
In spite 'of 'all the abuse to which'General Si-
korski 'has been subjected, from all sections of
Polish opinion, he was the most reasonable man
in the present London Polish government. Gen-
eral Sikorski was one of the very, few Polish 'lead-
ers who was willing to work and cooperate with
Russia after the war, and signed several irmpor-
tant agreements with the Soviet Union. The
fact that the 'agreements were not kept by the
Polish government is 'attributable to the late
Prime Minister only so far 'as he allowed the
fascists, and social-fascists who 'predominate in
the governiient to violate the agreements.

WASHINGTON, July 7.- The President spoke
very frankly on a variety of subjects during his
conference with five "torpedoed" merchant sea-
men the other 'day. He ranged all the way from
the contrariness of Congress to a proposal that
women serve as cooks on merchant vessels and
the problems of our Liberty ships in escaping en-
emy subs.
He also made some nostalgic comments about
his favorite peacetime hobby-fishing-prompt-
ed by hefty, raw-boned Joseph Curran, chief of
the CIO National Maritime Union, who accom-
panied the seamen to the White House.
"Mr. President," said Curran, "we all hope
that before very long you will be able to go on a
fishing trip again."
"Say, that's the first thing I'm going to do
after this war is over and we get the peace set-
tled," beamed Roosevelt. "It seems like a long
time since I've done any deep-sea fishing. "I'd
surely like to be out there with a rod and reel
n -w."
"Well, if you don't get yur wish pretty soon,
it won't be the fault of the merchant seamen,"
replied Curran. "They're doing an outstanding
job in this war, more than most people realize,
in getting supplies through sub-infested waters
to Allied forces, wherever they may be."
Praises Seamen...
"The people know you fellows are doing a.
great job, Joe," said Roosevelt. "The whole
country is proud of our merchant marine heroes,
and I'm especially proud of them."
The five seamen who accompanied Curran
grinned happily. One was Edwin Beek, a wip-
er, torpedoed twice and whose legs were frozen
during a harrowing 72 hours in a lifeboat near
Murmansk. Another was Gustav A. Fernan-
dez, a bos'n, who spent 18 days in a lifeboat on
one occasion and 24 days another time, after
Nazi subs sank his ships.
Thomas 'Fitzsimmons, a second mate with 26
years experience at sea, Wesley Hersey, a mess-
man, and Charles Williams, a waiter, were the
others. Fitzsimmons spent 14 days all told in
lifeboats in the bitter waters on the Murmansk
The President asked Hersey about the food on
our merchant vessels.
"The food's okay and there's plenty of it, Mr.
President," replied 'the seaman. "But we could
do with a few good cooks. That's the big prob-
lem at the moment."
Curran broke in to say that all women cooks
were taken off of merchant ships when the
war broke out, adding: "We think these women
should be permitted to go to sea again. It
would release more men for the tougher jobs."
"Why not?" agreed the President. "I think
they should be allowed to go to sea, too, if they
believe they can serve the war effort."
Two other visitors in the party, Admiral Emory
6. ("Jerry") Land, chairman of the Maritime
Commission, and Edward Macauley, deputy War
Shipping Administrator, shook their heads.
"When the Army and Navy let women fight, it
will be time enough to let them go to sea," Land
Cies Russians. * *
"Well, women crew members have been serv-
ing in all capacities on Russian ships," argued
Curran, "and they've been doing a remarkable
job, as everybody knows. The same is true on
Scandinavian ships."
The 'Presidentaverted further debate by
switching the subject to Congress. He re-
marked that Congress does some" funny
things." For example, he pointed out that the
legislators had authorized Army WACS to go
anywhere in the world, but had forbidden
Navy WAVES, who are supposed to be sea-
going personnel, to leave the United States.
"I guess you're right, Mr. President," remarked
Hoyt Haddock, an aide 'of Curran, "but Congress

also does some things that aren't a bit funny. I
think you know what I mean."
The President nodded then asked one of his
seamen .guests what he thought about the mer-
chant ships we are turning out.
"'All .our ships are pretty good, Mr. President,"
was the reply.
"The {President wants the truth," urged Cur-
ran. "Tell him what you really think."
"Well, the Liberty ships are a little slow, I
guess," admitted the °seaman.
"I agree with you," said Roosevelt. ."The
Liberty ship could do with a little more speed.
That's one reason we are building the new
Victory ship, which is faster. It will make 15
Shuttle oihinIg.. .
Air Forces officers are greatly pleased with 1the
success of the British experiment .;recently -in
"shuttle bombing"-flying all the way across
Germany to North Africa, then after re-loading
and re-fueling there, flying back over Nazi tar-
gets on 'the way home.
But the possibilities of such ,operation would
be much greater if we had air bases farther
noith. This has made U.S. airmen ,anxious'to
have 'Sicily, Sardinia, and Italy itself. From
bases in northern Italy,=such shuttle bombing
could 'be 'carried on with great efficiency.
Don't expect it soon, however, for even the first
step in such a campaign, the taking of Sicily,
would require weeks. Fortunately, however, this
is an operation which could pr'oceed in winter


Roosevelt Should E n
Wallace-j'es Quarrel
CAPITAL OBSERVERS are now claiming that
the Wallace-Jones breach can never be
healed and can only end with one or the other
leaving his post. With the latest savage retort
from Jesse Jones, the Reconstruction Finance
Corporation administrator, fuel has been thrown
o the bitterest and most disgraceful feud that
has graced our wartime administration's record.
But Jones in attempting to answer Vice-Presi-
dent Wallace's charges that the Secretary of
Commerce has impeded the war by "obstruction-
ist tactics" and "hamstringing bureaucracy" has
only thrown up a smoke screen.
Not only was he unable to prove that he
bought the strategic war materials which Wal-
lace charged him with not buying, but 'Banker
Jones, who has consistently given the juiciest
war jobs to the largest corporations while ig-
noring small men with new ideas, referred in
his retort to his own peculiar fault: he said,
"as for the charge .. . that I have attempted to
safeguard the taxpayer's money, I must plead
guilty. Squandering the people's money even
in wartime is no proof of patriotism."
The truth is that. far from squandering any
money, Jones, with a true banker's conservatism,
has bent over backwards, forgetting that in war-
time it's not the money but the men and mater-
ials that count.
'ONES has consistently put his money in the
large businesses where the "risks are less",
he has ignored small business feeling that it
is too shaky, he has negated the BEW's "pre-
clusive buying" arrangements, and has trem-
bled for fear RFC moneys might help social
and working conditions in Latin America.
Jones' in counterattacking Wallace claimed
that BEW contracts had sometimes been held up
a much as six weeks. But he didn't mention
anything about the many checks for the BEW
that he just never signed. All he said was that
no one else--presumably in the administration-_
had ever complained against the RFC's perform-
ance. He forgot how during the last eight
months the American press has groaned at his
The Secretary of Commerce, with his work-
ing philosophy that if you buy smething for a
dollar and sell it for a dollar and a quarter, you
can't lose, has not only caused a quarrel that
has made Americans wonder about the unity
of their government and the sagacity of some
of their leaders, but he has dodged Wallace's
charges, refusing to refute them directly with
facts and figures.
It is now time tha the President ended the
quarrel by ending the tenure of Jones as RFC
administrator. -Bud Brimmer
I'd Rae-ther
BeR igh t
NEW YORK, July 7.- Perhaps one of 'the
best ways to clarify puzzling situations is just to
take things at face value. If Hitler does not
haunch an offensive against Russia this year, the
deep, hidden reason might be that he has lost
30 per cent of 'his industrial output. But the
answer might also be the obvious one that he
isn't doing it because he doesn't want to do it,
that it is to his advantage to avoid forcing .a
conclusion this year.
I have applied the same easy test to the do-
mestic scene. Why has a bitter attack 'been
launched against the Office of War Information?
It comes to me, in a flash, that the answer is the
opposition to the Administration does not want
an Office of War Information.
Could it be that simple? Why not? Both
parties did not vote against the Office of War
Information. Only one did. In the first House
test, the Republicans were against the agency,

160 to 5, while the Democrats were for it, 108 to
55. In other words, the -Republicans do not
want an Office of War Information (domestic
'branch) while the Democrats do.
A political campaign is coming on. The -Office
of War Information's domestic 'branch would in-
evitably be talking about our military achieve-
ments. That might affect the voting. So, the
outs try to kill the agency while the ins (but not
enough of them, because some of the ins are
half-out) try to save it. As simple as that. It is
a struggle over control of media of communica-
tion for next year. The pattern is fairly clear if
you do not try to interpret a vote -against the
Office of War Information as anything but a
vote against the Office of War Information. And
v.hy interpret it?
I a1lmit that this method of approaching ev-
ents as if they mean what they seem to mean is
dangerous. It stabs men squarely in their moral
pretensions, and nothing hurts worse. Bt let's
try it a little further: The vote against subsidies
to keep food prices down is a vote to put food
prices up. The majority of Congress has voted
to put food prices up.
But the final Congressional bill allowed sub-
sidies to pay for increased transportation costs
of oil and coffee. It allowed subsidies to be
used to increase production of critical metals.
I, allowed subsidies to be used (as we have
been using them for years, anyway) to stimu-
late production of food. It allowed subsidies to

Republicans Are

IT'S ONLY A YEAR now before the
Presidential conventions, and the
panting of the Republican aspirants
gets hotter all the time. Hearts are
beating faster, tactics are being
brought out and sharpened, stands
are being taken or avoided.
The available names are not ap-
preciably different from the 1940
names. Gov. Bricker of Ohio is
somewhat new, but since he is only
a handsomer and hollower Robert
Taft, he gives the impression of hav-
ing aspired before. MacArthur is
new. But while Hoover, Landon,
Vandenberg and Martin are out of
the running, Dewey and Willkie still
are there.
For the rest there is the usual
crowd of young favorite-son gover-
nors-this time Warren of Califor-
nia, Baldwin of Connecticut, .Salton-
stall of Massachusetts, who wait for
the lightning to strike, but know
deep within that favorite sons are
not the darlings of the gods of the
The overshadowing fact about
this election is that it is likely to
be held during an American. war
and not before (as in 1916) when
Hughes was beaten, or after (as in
1920) when Harding won. The
1940 election was pretty much like
1916. But that does not mean that
1944 will be like 1920.
That has been Gov. Bricker's mis-
take during the past year: he reck-

oned that the country would want
another Harding, and would want to
return to the Harding sub-normalcy:
and he has offered himself, in effect,
as a more honest Harding. He has
let it be known that he stands for
free enterprise, a balanced budget,
and no foreign entanglements.
Some l ib tr a ls, including so
shrewd an observer as Eliot Jane-
way in Fortune, thought he had a
good chance to win on this basis.
But the curious currents of the
public mind seem to have dictated
otherwise. Bricker is far weaker
as a candidate today than three
months ago. No polls put him out
in front. His candidacy has aged
before it had a chance to mature.
And the reason is that he was
building himself up to suit a post-
war mood, whereas the elections
are likely to be held during the
He has been trying to shift his
ground. Some months ago James B.
Reston of the New York Times inter-
viewed him. Bricker told Reston
that he was in favor of American co-
operation with the rest of the world,
but against any American commit-
ments. Now he says he is in favor of
our joining an international struc-
ture to preserve peace and presum-
ably, to police the world. No doubt
the phenomenal success of Willkie's
book and the reception given to Wal-



By Lichty


ter Lippman's book have shown the
direction of the current.
If Bricker's strength has dimin-
ished, Dewey's has grown. The rea-
son is, I think, that Bricker went out
on a limb in identifying himself with
the isolationists on foreign policy,
but Dewey has been canny. I have
no reason to believe that Dewey's
views differ from his Ohio col-
league's, or even that he has any on
foreign policy. But he has kept
quiet, and fixed in the public mind
the image of the once swashbuckling
anti-vice crusader who is settling
down into the business-like and
grave young executive. And now
both the Gallup poll and an informal
poll of the House Republicans show
him out in front.
At the Governor's convention
last week Dewey caused a mild
flurry among the Midwest gover-
nors by asking the farmers to
"execute their little pigs" so that
the grain that feeds hogs could go
to New York's cows. And he'"insists
that he is standing by his inten-
tion to finish his job as governor.
Possibly he is taking the sound
position that it is better for a
Presidential candidate to be wooed
than to woo. Probably he thinks
no one stands a chance against
FDR if the war is still on. And,
most likely, he just wants to wait
and see.
If Bricker can't be put across by
the machine professionals and the
contributors of party funds, watch
out for a hero candidate. The obvi-
ous choice is, of course, Gen. Mac-
Arthur. Despite his protestations, I
think he would like to be President:
he has an unwavering belief in his
star as a man of destiny. But his
dilemma is that the very quality that
gives him political glamor also makes 0
it necessary for him to be on the
battlefield until his job is finished-
and it won't be finished in a year.
If elected, he would be as bad as
Grant was-and in a more sinister
way, because he would be used as a
front not just by corruption Out by
fascism. He is the hope of heaven
for the McCormick-Patterson axis
and for the Hearst papers.
There remains to speak of Wen-
dell Willkie. He still is the Re-
publican storm-center. A lot of
people were wrong on the day af-
ter the election in 1940 when they
said that Willkie was through-
that he was part of the limbo
where Rep u bl i can Presidential
candidates go to after they are
licked by Roosevelt.
Willkie's friends like to think of
him as a Republican William Jen-
nings Bryan who, though defeated,
continues to speak forth the con-
science of the Nation. The truth is
that Willkie has no populist class
base as Bryan had. But the truth is
also that Willkie has been strong at
just the points where Roosevelt whe-
ther by position or inclination, has
been weak-on foreign policy toward
the collaborationists, on the treat-
ment of Negroes, on civil liberties.
But Willkie is weak where Roosevelt
is strong-in labor support, in a go-
ing program of economic control, in
a willingness ultimately to confront
the corporate interests and their
I think that Wilikie has chosen
his strategy. Without alienating
the conservative midwest farmers,
he is wooing the liberals-Repub-
lican and Democrats alike-and
trying to convince them that he is
a better liberal than FDR. At the
same time he is waiting until the
Republican party leaders see that
lie is the only Republican who in
1944 can make an appreciable dent
in 'Roosevelt's liberal vote.

For my money, 1944 still belongs
to FDR. The only Republican who
can even approach him in stature or
dramatic power is Willkie. But Will-
kie'sgreatest obstacle is the fact that
'flepublican party leaders never learn
anything -and rarely forget anything.
-Max Lerner, PM
and Portuguese-Music, Election of
Coming Events
Organ 'Recital: Mary Alice Power,
a student of Palmer Christian. wll
present a recital for he'r Master of
Music degree at 8:30 p.m. Thursday,
July 8, in Hill Auditorium. The pub-
lic is invited.
The Spanish Teas will be held this
week on Thursday and Friday. at 4
p.m. instead of 3. The Thursday
Tea will be in the International Cen-
ter, the Friday Tea at the Michigan
The'French Club will meet tomor-
row at 8 p.m. in the Michigan
League. Program: "Impressions d'un
aagoR x[ aq ~aouvad ua iueipnia
Berahya. Group singing, games and
social hour. All students and faculty
members. are welcome.

0143.-Chieago Times. Ine
I tetl you I tnly camne here



VOL. LIII, No. 7-S
All 'notices for The Daily Official Bulle-
tin are to be sent to the Office of the
Summer Session in typewritten 'form by
3:30 pam. of the day preceding its publi-
cation, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Students in :Navy Training Pro-
'gram: All V-1 and V-7 students as-
signed to University of Michigan
should obtain orders for text books
as follows: All 'Engineering from 'As-
sistant Dean A. H. Lovell, 259 West
Engineering Building; .all 'others
from Assistant Dean L. S. Wood=
burne, 1208 Angell Hall.
The need for plasma by our armed
'forces is increasing daily. 150 don-
ors (other than those in the service)
are required to supply the July quota
for the :Michigan Blood 'Bank, July
15-16.:Register 'before 'Friday. after-
noon of this week at the 'Main Desk
in 'the Union, between noon and '4
p.m., or in the Engineering Arch, be-
ginning this morning.
Zoology Concentrates: Students
planning to offer credits in Military
Science as .part of the total of 90
hours required by the Medical School
should see me ,at once.
-F.'H. Test
Dept. of Zoology
Phone Extension 2134
Literature, Science and the Arts
Juniors now eligible for Concentra-
tion should get 'Admission to Con-
centration blanks at Room 4 Uni-
versity Hall, immediately. These
blanks must be ;properly signed by
the adviser and the original slip re-
turned to Room 4, University Hall,

The Summer Chorus is being or-
ganized under the direction of Rose
Marie Grentzer of the School of Mu-
sic Faculty. Open to civilian and
military students in any school or
college. No registration or member-
ship fee. Rehearsals 7:15-8:15 :pm.
Tuesdays 'and Thursdays. Auditor-
ium, School of Music.
The bell chamber of Burton Tower
will be open to visitors interested in
observing the playing of -the caril-
lon from 12 noon to 12:15 pm. ,each
Thursday until Aug. 19.
Professor Roy W. Sellars will talk
on "Totalitarian 'Doctrines and Dem-
ocracy" at 4:15 today in the Rack-
ham Amphitheatre.
A ca'deicwNoticesI
Students, Summer Session, Col-
lege, 'Literature, Science, and Arts:
Except under -extraordinary circum-
stances, courses dropped after the
third week, Saturday, .July 17, -will'
be recorded with a grade of E.
Michigan Dames Book Group will
meet at "8 p.m. at the home of Mrs.
Ruth S. Daly. 1502 ,Geddes Avenue.
Wesley 'Foundation: 'Student Tea
and Open House 'for .all Methodist
students and their friends in 'the
Wesley Lounge in the First :Metho-
dist Church, today from 3:30to 5:30.
Women in Education: There ;will
be a luncheon in the Russian Ttea
Room- of the 'Michigan League from
11:30 to 1 o'clock today. Dr. Marie
Skodak, Director of' the Flint Guid-
ance Center, will speak on Problems

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