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July 07, 1943 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1943-07-07

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VOL. LII, No. 7-S ANN ARBOR.. MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 7, 1943

PRICE FIVE CENTS

rthur

ins

Sea

Battle

in

Kula

Gulf

(.)

I ,

Senate Votes
Against All
Roll-Backs
Tuniitous Session
Bans Subsidies To
Lower Food Prices
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 6 -- In a
tumultuous session, the Senate re-
volted afresh against the Adminis-
tration's price "roll back" program
today and voted 36 to 28 to ban any
subsidies whatsoever to lower retail
food prices.
Only last week President Roosevelt
had vetoed a measure including a
similar ban on grounds that it was
"an inflation bill, a high-cost-of-
living bill, a food shortage bill."
New Ban Written in CCC Bill
As was the first, the new ban was
written into a measure to extend the
life of the Commodity Credit Corpor-
ation (CCC), important Administra-
tion farm agency. After the Presi-
dent's veto, which was sustained, the
house had passed a simple resolu-
tion continuing the CCC as it now
operates until Jan. 1 and increasing
by $350,000,000 its present borrow-
ing authority of $2,650,000,000.
When the resolution got back to
the House today with the Senate's
new subsidy ban attached, Rep. Can-
non (Dem., Mo.) sought on immedi-
ate vote on the question of approving
the Senate amendment, but the
House sent it to a conference com-
mittee This committee composed'
jointly of senators and representa-
tives, is charged with working out a
compromise.
Senate Is Undecided
The Senate attached the prohibi-
tion against subsidies to the resolu-
tion after a series of maneuvers in
which it repeatedly reversed itself
and after hearing an impassioned
plea from Senator George (Dem.-
Ga.) that it reject the whole idea
of subsidies.
"The subsidization of consumers
has been tried since the days of an-
cient Rome and has resulted invari-
ably in nothing but destruction of
the political institutions of the coun-
try that tried it," George shouted.
Martinique Deputy'
Offers Co pera tioi
NEW YORK, July 6.- ()- The
Morocco radio at Rabat declared to-
night in a broadcast to French terri-
tories that "Martinique has rallied to
the French Committee of National
Liberation." e
The broadcast, reported by the
Federal Communications Commis-
sion, said an officer representing the
"Fighting French forces at Santa
Lucia in the Antilles" had received a
message from the "Deputy of Mar-
tinique" announcing the "enthusias-
tic rallying of Martinique to the
French Committee of National Lib-
eration and requesting the immedi-
ate designation of new authorities."

Cl iang Predicts Jap
Defeat in Two Years
On Invasion Anniversary Generalissimo
Warns Against Possible 'Desperate Efforts'

By The Associated Press
CHUNGKING, JulyC ' Wednes-
day)-- -Generalissimo Chiang Kai-
Shek, marking today the sixth anni-
versary of China's bitter war with
Japan, confidently declared that the
time limit for utter defeat of the Jap-
anese invasion armies "cannot ex-
ceed two years."
Linked with this pledge of victory
by 1945, Gen. Chiang told the Chin-
ese people:
"On land, the Japanese invader

has been mired'
theatre with no
himself.
"On the sea,

dlown in the China
hope of extricating
his naval and air

Italian Ports
Bomibed .Again,
By Fortiresses
Sharpshooter Ba~gs
Seven EnemyC raft
For Possible Record
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
NORTH AFRICA, July 6-Allied
planes struck hard yesterday at six
towns in Sicily and a seventh in
Sardinia in their pre-invasion cam-
paign to gain air supremacy in the
Mediterranean. shooting down 56
enemy eircraft for a two-day total of
101.
Fortresses Score Victory
Thirty flying fortresses, raiding
Gerbini in Sicily, were jumped by 100
German planes and when the battle
was over, 41 of the enemy and three
of the four-engined U. S. bombers
lay in smoking ruins. It was one of
the greatest single victories yet
scored by the Fortresses. One gunner
made seven kills to establish what is
probably an individutl record for a
foray's shooting. The sharpshooter
was Sergt. Benjamin Warmer, 3rd., of
San Francisco.
It was announced officially tonight
that the total fighters shot down by
the Flying Fortresses reached 41 af-
ter complete checking and compari-
son of pilot's reports. The originally
announced figure was 30.
Axis Losses Hit 53
The new figure brought Axis losses
for 24 hours to 53.
Other Scilian targets were Licata,
Marsala, Sciacca, Catania and Mes-
sinia and the objective in Sardinia
was the air base of Villacidro.
A dozen Allied planes in all were
lost.
The attackers flew against the
Italian outposts from bases in Freich
Africa, Malta and the Middle East
and once again the Allied command
pointed up the increased enemy op-
positidn by calling it "vigorous."

force is weak and losses to his war-
craft and transports are particularly
heavy.
"Over his 8.000-mile front there
is no place which is not feeling the
increased pressure of the Allied of-
fensive."
Urges Allied Offensive
In another message addressed to
the peoples of the United Nations,
the Generalissimo urged an immedi-
ate large - scale Allied offensivei
against Japan in order to thwarti
the enemy empire's "desperate ef-
forts" to re-gear and replenish her
war machine and also to reduce the
"time and price" which must be paid1
for Allied victory.1
Now, he declared, is the opportune;
moment for the United Nations "to
reap great results within a relatively
short span of time."
"Just as Germany vainly hopes for
dissension among the United Nations,
Japan is praying that the United
Nations will delay their big affensives
against her," he said.1
Attack Must Be Quickc
"Should we let her have further re-
spite to complete impregnable de-
fenses and to wage a long drawn-out
war with us, the time and price the;
Allies will have to pay to defeat her
will be many times longer and heav-
ier than what are required today.".
Significantly he stated: "What
disquiets the minds of the Chinese,
people is not whether the United Na-1
tions will win the war but when they,
are going to win it and at what
price."
Council Passes
o*'
Vote Censuring
At dmtnusiirator'
Detroit Official Fails
To Keep Promise of
Repayment for Paving
The War Projects Administration
was sharply rebuked last night for
failing to fulfill a promise of reim-
bursement as the City Council passed
a resolution censuring the Detroit
administrator and voted to mail an
explanation to all Michigan Con-
gressmen.
According to a letter read to the
Council, the War Projects Adminis-
trator of Detroit promised repayment
and additional paving materials to
the city if it would continue to pave
the roadbeds of the uprooted trolley
tracks, a project designed to give
work to Ann Arbor's unemployed.
This promise was made in Septem-
ber, 1942. The letter also stated that
the War Projects Administrator
knew that he had no authority to
make such a promise but made it
only to induce the City Council to
continue this project.
Recently, the Council was in-
formed that it would receive no ad-
ditional paving materials and would
not be reimbursed the $2355.39 it
had spent on the project.
The letter ended in vehement lan-
guage, suggesting that "the city deal
with the Federal Government" . .
"as the city would deal with a pri-
vate individual whom the city had
discovered from experience to have
no regard for truth or veracity and
who totally ignores his private or
moral obligations.".
House Group
Hit Cuffe y Adt
Refuses Extension
In Vebuke of Lewis

WASHINGTON, July 6.-(P')-The
House Rules Committee, refusing to
approve an extension of the Guffey
Coal Act, signalled an end today to
government-established "price floors"
under soft coal.
T'A noinn'r ns ,,oC' tD1'ni'fLpf1 b

New Drive,
Nets Soviets 1
13,000 Nazis
Axis Captures Two
Towns near Belgorod,
Other Attacks Checked
By The Associated Press
LONDON, July 7 (Wednesday)-
The big German offensive against'
central Russia drove into two pop-
ulated places near Belgorod at the
southern anchor of the 165-mile
front Tuesday despite terrific losses
which mounted to at least 13,000
German dead in two days of fierce
fighting, the Russians announced to-
day.
In the Belgorod area the Nazi war
machine,renewed its attacks early in
the morning and at first was hurled
back to its initial position by the
strong Russian fire, but later in the
day "strong forces of tanks" suc-
ceeded in capturing the two unnamed
villages, the Russians acknowledged,
with a loss of 100 tanks at that point
alone.
A special communique was issued
announcing the Belgorod penetra-
tion, but it asserted that the German
onslaught was held at all other
points.
"In the Belgorod direction, at a
cost on heavy losses, the enemy was
able to advance somewhat in some
sectors," said the bulletin, recarder
by the Soviet monitor.
Along the entire Orel-Kursk-Bel-
gorod front the Russian defenders
destroyer or disabled a total of 1,09
tanks in two days, 423 of them Tues-
day, the bulletin declared. In addi-
tion, 111 more German planes were
shot down, raising the two-day total
to 314.
The 13,000 Nazis killed represented
only a small part Of the German
casualties. The two special commun-
iques issued in the Crst two days of
the offensive have f iled to mention
casualties, and the 13,000 represents
a total of Germans listed killed only
in individual actions on scattered
sectors.
The regular midnight communi-
que elaborated on the Belgorod pen-
etration as follows:
"In the Belgorod direction the
Germans renewed their attacks on
Soviet positions from early morning.
Our troops met the enemy with
strong fire from all kinds of arns
and hurled them back to their initial
positions.
"In the second half of the day,
bringing up strong forces of tanks,
the enemy once again launched an
offensive. In the fighting they lost
more then 100 tanks. In one place
the Hitlerites, at the cost of heavy
losses, were able to capture two pop-
ulated places."
House Group
To Plan New
Tux Program
WASHINGTON, July 6.-P)-The
House Ways and Means Committee
today decided to start work Sept. 8
on legislation to obtain new and
higher wartime taxes, with first em-
phasis on digging deeper into the
pockets of persons with war-swollen
incomes.
mThe Treasury's goal is $12,000,000,-
000 in revenue annually above pres-
ent collections.
In a special session as a Congres-
sional recess neared, the tax-framing
committee:
1. Requested the committee tax

staff and the Treasury to suggest
alternative means of raising addi-
tional revenue, with specific instruce-
tions "to study and report on the
feasibility of raising additional rev-
enue by means of an individual ex-
cess-profits tax."
2. Agreed there would be no ret-
roactive taxes-that the main fea-
tures of the new tax bill would not
become effective before Jan. 1, 1944.
Chairman Doughton (Dem.-N.C.)
said the 15 Democrats ;and 10 Re-'
publicans on the committee agreed
to approach the problem of increas-
ing revenues "on a non-partisan
basis"-in contrast to the recent
bitter nart, differences over nay-as-

Jap Bomb Hits Allied Gasoline Dump

Black smoke and flames billow high in the sky as a result of a
direct hit on an Allied gasoline dump by a Japanese plane somewhere
in the Port Moresby area. (Associated Press photo from signal corps).
'HOW DO YOU TELL?'
.Dr. Vincent answers Coeds'
Problems at Mass Meeting
4>'

"How do you tell when you go out
with a boy if he is going to be 'it'?"
Dr. Lee Vincent, psychologist at
the Merrill Palmer school in Detroit,
attempted to answer this and other
queries in the minds of University
women at a mass meeting held in the
Rackham Amphitheatre yesterday.
Dr. Vincent was concerned pri-
marily with the problems raised by
the influx of approximately 4,000
members of the armed forces who
must be entertained by the women
on campus this summer. She stated
Production of
Arms Fails To
Show Increase
Donald Nelson Reveals
Slackening of Pace
During Month of May
WASHINGTON, July 6.- (P)-
Arms production failed to show
any gain in May, Chairman Donald
M. Nelson of the War Production
Board disclosed today in a gravely
worded report which described the
slackening of the production pace as
"a very serious matter."
Apparently hinting at imminent
military operations on a major scale,
Nelson declared in his monthly pro-
duction communique: "We are on
the verge of one of the greatest trials
in our national history.
'We Cannot Afford To Relax'
"We cannot afford to relax our
efforts for an instant. On the con-
trary, we must"prepare ourselves to
meet calmly and steadily the great-
est strains to which we may ever be
subjected."
Overall war production was vir-
tually unchanged in May over April,
the WPB chief said. Gains were re-
corded only in aircraft, which went
up five per cent, and in Navy and
Army vessels, up two per cent.
Declines Reported in Programs
In the other major programs, de-
clines were recorded: a three per
cent drop in tanks, artillery, anti-
tank weapons and other ground oxd-
nance; a seven per cent setback in
miscellaneous munitions, and a four
per cent drop in merchant vessel
construction.
Nelson assigned no reason for the
lag in production.
Gaertner Receives
OWI Appointment
WASHINGTON, July 6.-(i)-Pal-
mer Hoyt, domestic director of the
Office of War Information, today
announced the apnointment of nine

that the coeds should remember thatt
they are under certain obligations ina
dating the Marines, Army and Navye
men on campus-obligations both tov
the men and to themselves.N
It is important that the coeds do
not attempt to destroy the soldier's
ties with.his home town said Dr.Y
Vincent. Most of the men will beI
on campus only a few months and at
friendship built on a short acquaih-
tance cannot replace the ties with
the man's home. However, a pleas-r
ant hostess is an excellent morale
builder when you are homesick.-
Dr. Vincent advised the women tox
date in teams, and warned themi
against being misled by the roman-c
tic atmosphere of the war. "If you
find yourself romantically inclinedf
toward one of the young men, bex
sure it's not just because he is lone-
some and homesick."u s
At the beginning of thenmeeting,
Monna Heath, '44, president of the
Women's War Council, introduced
the members of the council and an-
nounced the four projects being car-
ried on by the coeds this summer.
University women may work on the
building and grounds project, the
volunteer hospital service, surgical
dressings and the war stamp and
bond sales.
The meeting closed with an open
discussion of questions from the'
floor and an announcement of the
new acquaintance bureau for mem-
bers of the armed forces and coeds
which is being run under the auspi-
ces of the Bomber Scholarship Fund.
French Coast
Swept by RAF
Canadian Glides 30
Miles Back to Safety .
LONDON, July 6.-(IP)-Royal Air
Force fighters on sweeps over north-
ern France and along the French
shores from Dieppe to. Dunkerque
knocked down seven German fighter
planes today while German: reports
of British bomber raids on Germany
last night remained unconfirmed.
The seven Nazi fighters-Focke-
Wulf 190s and Messerschmitt 109s
were struck down by pilots of a Ca-
nadian and Polish wing forming a
large spitfire formation, the Air Min-
istry News Service reporecd.
Five fell to the Poles and two to
the Canadians. The commander of a
Canadian squadron destroyed one
Messerschmitt inland from Boulogne
and then the engine of his plane cut
out. He glided 30 miles back to Eng-
land and landed safely at an air-
drome.
Recruiting Station

Six Jap Ships
Sunk, 1 U.S.
Cruiser Lost
Allies Score Aerial
Victory over Rendova
In New Offensive
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
AUSTRALIA, July 7, Wednesday-
six Japanese ships probably were
sunk and four damaged in the battle
with American warships in the Kula
Gulf, Allied Headquarters said today.
One United States cruiser was
sunk in the battle fought the morn-
ng of July 6 in the narrow body of
water between New Georgia and
Kolombangara in the Central Solo-
mons.
MacArthur Relates' Fight
S.The communique of Gen. Douglas
MacArthur, who is in the field in
New Guinea persnally directing the
new offensive, gave this terse picture
of the sea fight:
"Preliminary dispatches report
that our navl surface units inter-
cepted an enemy force of cruisers
and destroyers in the Kula Gulf dur-
ing the night of the fifth.
"Details are not yet available and,
a final assessment cannot be made
but it is indicated that six enemy
ships probably were sunk and four
damaged.
"We lost one cruiser.
"One damaged enemy destroyer,
beached near Sambera harbor, was
attacked by our medium dive bomb-
ers which scored seven. direct 'hits
with 500 pound bombs, resulting in
violent explosions, and fires."
Victory Marks Rendova Soiure
The' victory was announced by
headquarters of Gen. Douglas Mao-
Arthur just one, week to a, day after-
the Pacific offei ve"' opened with
sei2ure 'of" R'endbVa Island in- the'
Solomons and landing- near Sala-
maua, New Guinea.
The Japanese air defeats also
mounted, today's communique re-
porting that seven out of 48 enemy
planes raiding Darwin were shot
down while we also lost seven.
In air battles over Rendova and
over the Kula Gulf -nine other enemy
planes were downed.
Fifteen enemy planes raided Nas-
sau Bay near Salamaua where
Americans established a beachhead
a week ago.
Coeds,.Urged
T o Register
For Blood Bank
"Persons willing to give blood do-
nations are urged to sign up immed-
iately for the blood bank to be held
July 15 and 16," Carol May, '44,
chairman of the University drive,
said. yesterday.
Speaking at a meeting of the Wo-
men's War Council, Miss May said
the past record' ofstudent blood don-
ors has been excellent.
"Last year donations were made
even during final exams," she said.
"This year student support is needed
more than ever. ,Red Cross stations
on battlefronts all over the world are
attempting to stock up a supply
which will be adetlite to meet the
tremendous demand for blood that a
European invasion will necessitate."
"Our goal is to obtain at least 100
donations from University women,"

Miss May added, "however, this
number has already been exceeded
by the donationsof 200 service men
who are stationed on campus."
Physical examinations will be giv-
en just before the donation is made.
Blanks may be obtained in any of
the large Women's dormitories, and
are available to everyone in the un-
dergraduate offices of the League.
Minnesota Football
Star ordered Here
MINNEAPOLIS, July 6.-Vp)-Bill
Daley, star University of Minnestota
backfielder has been ordered to re-

MURDER RUNS WILD:
"Ladies In Retirement', English
Melodrama, To pen Tonight

The ever-popular English mystery
melodrama, "Ladies in Retirement,"
will open the fifteenth summer sea-
son of the Michigan Repertory Play-
ers when the curtain goes up at 8:30
p.m. today in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre.
Hal Cooper, already well-known to
Ann Arbor audiences, will be cast as
ths suspicious nephew, Albert Feath-
er, who furnishes the love interest in
the play.
The suspense in the play evolves
around the battle of the housekeep-
er-murderer with her own con-
science. Additional excitement is
produced by the nephew's attempts
to uncover the secret of the bricked-
in oven.
Claribel Baird who is beginning
her tenth summer season as a direct-
or of dramatics will take the leading
role of Ellen Creed, the determined

with settings done by Herbert Philip-
pi and lighting by Donald Hartoh.
Aline Felton is in charge of costumes.

m ..: . ""T V: , "": Ml

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