TI 1"J SATI ATJ. 51F19#~
Straight from the Shoulder
...By CIPS ...
WE'VE BEEN HAVING a fine lecture program
on China this summer, here on campus. It's
been fine bergse so many Qf the speakers
stopped talking about generalities for a while
and got cown to brass tacks.
An excellent example of that kind of a talk
Was the one Prof. Decker of the History Depart-
ment gave on the future of East Asia yesterday.
He got down to the basic issues and specific de-
tails and gave his undiluted views on what we
Jeanne Lovett . . . . Business Manager
Molly Ann Winokur . Associate Business Manager
NIGHT EDITOR: JANE FARRANT
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Wage Stabilization Act
WORD comes from dynamic Detroit that crafty,
entrepeneurs there have found new ways to
hoodwink the Wage Stabilization Act.
In an effort to keep their help, these men
are in some cases paying the employes 20%
withholding tax. This means that they are
receiving the equivalent of a 20% increase in
wages. Other more cautious employers are
promising to pay an additional wage at the
end of the war for time actually worked during
the war period.
Both of these actions are flagrant violations of
the Wage Stabilization Act. The employers and
employes are equally guilty in scheming to cir-
cumvent the policies that have been drawn up
for their own protection.
COOPERATION is needed in every sector if in-
flation is to be checked. Lewis and the farm
bloc have taken just beating for their selfish
demands, but they are not alone. Every employer,
employe and consumer. is responsible for the
outcome of the fight against inflation.
There can be no check of the black market
and no control of the excess purchasing power
if everyone does not support the acts that have
Evasion or outright violation of these acts as
in this instance, is a calling card for complete
government control over the economy, for it will
mean that voluntary cooperation is impossible.
There should be no need for a democratic gov-
ernment to take drastic steps to enforce laws
that are passed to effect a just sharing of the
war burden. - Claire Sherman
U.S. Military Program
"MEN IN THE ARMED FORCES receive the
finest kind of training in democratic liv-
ing," Maj. Thad Hungate, of the Army Special
Services Branch, declared in a recent discussion
in the School of Education.
Maj. Hungate qualified his statement by say-
ing that military life is democratic because dis-
cussions between men and officers are encour-
aged. Discussions alone, however, do not seem
adequate to dispell the common idea that mili-
tary training is nearer autocracy than democracy.
There is a more fundamental characteristic
of democracy in the life of a serviceman than
the opportunity to participate in open discus-
sion with officers. r
This characteristic is that in the Army and
Navy, as in a democracy, men of different
races, religions, and accustomed ways of living,
men with different ideas about political par-
ties and policies are bound together by a.com-
m n goal-victory for the United Nations,
peace and freedom for the world.
The friendly rivalry between sailors, soldiers,
and marines is typical of the spirit foundc on col-
lege football fields and on the famous American
baseball diamonds. But no worthy serviceman
allows this rivalry to make him forget the com-
__ -- , _ ,....,, 4 ,.4 ,e ;a f mh in :fn , 1
W ITH A TIRED CLICHE for a plot, "Papa Is
All" could not be more than amusing. Nev-
ertheless, as a substantially good play-refresh-
ingly light, gaily, wholeheartedly amusing-it
could not be less than that. Its performance
last night by the Repertory Players left it exactly
there. The performance was capable, occasion-
ally brilliant. It was never bad.
Co-director Claribel Baird as "Mama" was
more than brilliant, she was superb. Through
the haze of a difficult, near-Brooklyn dialect,
she made herself perfectly under*ood. Her tim-
ing was ideal. With a mainstay role she held the
plot together convincingly. Her winning, dead-
pan "poor papa" delighted us. We joined, glee-
fully, the applause which preceded her second-
A special matinee performance of "Papa Is
All" will be held at 2:30 p.m. Saturday in the
Lylia Mendelssohn Theatre. Tickets are now
Cast with her, the student players failed to
show up as well as they might have alone.
Harold Cooper, however, did well. He was an
adequate stooge for his mother; nothing more
was expected of him. He was sufficiently naive
in the role of a questionably bright, unworldly
young man. We failed frequently, however, to
understand his well timed quips through an ac-
cent with which he was apparently embarrassed.
Marcia Nelson, as "Emma," was cast in the
play's only hollow role. Left alone, without
one honestly funny line .she slipped badly below
the par which her colleagues set for her. In the
second act she waxed poetic, figited badly on the
stage and finally lunged across in a dying-swan
appeal to her mother.
David Protech so well looked his part that it is
almost impossible for us to judge his perfor-
mance critically. Appearing with a grizzled
heard and a convincing stoop, he was accepted
witlout .question .as the stern "Papa" whom he
represented. Admirably, he resisted the tempta-
tion to become offensively bombastic with lines
that were near-satire of Mennonite traditions.
Clara Behringer's "Mrs. Yoder" was some-
times jerky and always over-.dorie, yet immensely
funny. We enjoyed her even when she turned
front and talked directly at her audience. Her
difficulties seemed to come largely from being
forced to compete far laughs with Mrs. Baird
whose performance defied competition.
The entire cast showed capable direction and
studied timing. There was not a lost laugh.
They made the most of a play that could not be
described as more than refreshing.
The setting was simple and satisfactory.
Shocked at first by the painted dishes and brass
candlesticks in the strictly Mennonite house-
hold, we at last grew used to them and were,
finally, not annoyed.
The costumes were apparently in keeping with
-the .character of the play. They did not intrude
and more was not asked of them even though
"monkey ward" blue denim trousers raised a
question of propriety which, as far as we are
concerned, remains unanswerable.
All in all, "Papa Is Ali" is well worth an .eve-
ning. As the best of an up-to-now rather bad
season, it's a good laugh, even if you wonder
later why you laughed so loud. - H. J. S.
should do with Japan, Korea, Manchuria, Siam.
and the rest of Asia after we win the war. And
he wasn't vague about it either!
We all know darn well how important it is
for the United States to step off on the right
foot when it goes in for Asiatic power politics
again in the post-war era. We've got to know
what we want, how we mean to get it, and go
after it with everything we've got. Otherwise
Russia and Britain will take the initiative away
from us, and we'll be left holding the bag just
the way we were in 1941.
In deciding what's going to be done in Asia, I
think it's important that we realize that the two
powers with the largest stake there, are China
and India. China whether it goes fascist, com-
munist, or by some slight chance democratic has
a greater national interest in the whole of East
Asia than any other independent power today.
India, which undoubtedly will gain its indepen-
dence, by bloody revolution if need be immedi-
ately after the war, will be vitally interested in
the fate of Burma, Malaya and the Dutch East
It is only when the fate of Japan and its
present possessions of Manchuria and Korea
come up for consideration that America, and
the Soviet Union will be vitally concerned.
THINK IT IS IMPORTANT for us not to
count too much on whatever international
organization we establish after, the war to solve
all our problems for us. The fundamental ques-
tions in the Far East as well as elsewhere will be
solved finally by common agreement on respec-
tive spheres of influence.
If the Soviet Union enters the war against
Japan, as I believe it will, then Russia, the
United States and China will have to work out
a joint policy for 4,he rehabilitation of Japan;
Russia and China will.have to work out a joint
policy for the supervision of an independent
Korea until it is able to have self government;
and China will have to reincrporate Man-
churia into China proper.
These things cannot be the work of disinter-
ested and impartial international commissions,
though the "international organization," such as
it is, can advise the powers 'vitally concerned.
The same policy will have to be applied in Burma
and Malaya where India and China will have to
help the people to educate themselves for dem-
What will be the result of this policy in
Asia, of allowing the powers with a vital in-
terest in a backward area to help develop it
with the advice of the international organiza-
tion? It will result in the Asiatic powers, like
Asia and India, dominating Asia, just as the
United States dominated some Latin and
South American countries during their period
of tutelage. And, after all, what is more rea-
sonable than having Asiatics help their back-
ward yellow, black, and Polynesian brothers
to educate themselves?
LET'S BEAT JAPAN to the draw. She ostens-
ibly created the policy of Asia ,for the Asi-
atics. Let's show Asia we too believe in that
policy, and show her what we mean by it.
Let's show the people of Asia that we, unlike
Japan, want Asia to be really controlled by
Asiatics, to have its backward sections admin- '
istered by Asiatics, and to have its resources
used to better the living standards of Asiatics.
Let's come out with a policy for the freedom of
India not only as a great power, but a power
helping to forge the destinies of its backward
neighbors. Let's come out for a policy like
that now, a Pacific Charter you might call it,
and see what happens.
There can be no doubt that it would not only
win us the peace but would probably cut the
length of the war by a year, and that's plenty
considering the war is only going to last a couple
of more years anyway.
(The Brass Ring-plastic for the
duration-good for one free ride
on the Washington Merry-Go-
Round, is awarded today to thet
new premier of Italy.)t
WASHINGTON- Pietro Badoglio,
the man who tried to pick up the
broken pieces of Italy where Musso-
hni dropped them, will go down in
history for his blind devotion to his
King and for his inability to make
up his mind when the fate of his.
country hung in the balance.
Twice in two decades, Badogliol
could have changed the entire1
course of his country and perhaps
the world. But each time he hesi-
tated and failed.
The first was when he was chief
of staff in 1922 and Mussolini staged
his march on Rome. Weeks before
that march, Mussolini's Fascists had
been getting arms and ammunition
from the Italian army right under
1fadoglio's nose. He must have known
about it, unless he was asleep, and
he does not sleep soundly.
Even retired army officers, still
answerable to Badoglio, were enlist-
ing in the Fascist cause. He could
have check-reined them easily.
T arcf4 on Rome
When the march on Rome finally
was consummated, and Benito Mus-
solini stepped out of his special
sleeping car (after his Blackshirts
had made it safe for him to enter
the capital) Badoglio sent word to
the King that he could easily drive
them out of Rome with two regi-
But the King hesitated, and Ba-
doglio hesitated with him. A few
days later it was too late.
Badoglio's second tragic moment
of hesitation came last week. He
and the King at last had the cour-
age to oust the mani who had
cowed Italy, who had led the Ital-
ian people to destruction.
But having taken that one bold
step, the new Premier of Italy
waited. True, he faced a tragical-
ly complicated situation. German
troops in the north could make a
battleground of Italian soil. But
also he knew that the invincible
might 'of Allied air power could
make mince-meat of Italian cities
and that the Allied armies, already
in their stride, were sure to over-
That moment of hesitation may
mean Italy will be an even bloodier
battleground and that the surge of
Allied victory may be slowed.
But Badoglio has spent his life as
aprofessional soldier and caution is
his watchword, even when empires
are at stake.
Just as Mussolini was always stick-
ng out his chin, Badoglio has always
pulled his in. As Governor of Libya
in 1929, he stood by while Marshal
Graziani, the rabid Fascist, subdued
Arab natives by taking rebel chief-
gains up in an airplane and tossing
them out on the- desert below.
By this time Badoglio had swal-
lowed his early revulsion against
Fascism, and, following his King,
had accepted Mussolini's tempting
offer of field marshal of the Italian
Inside the Italian army there has
always been jealousy between the
political Blackshirts and the non-
Fascist regulars. So when Mussolini
launched his armada of tanks and'
airplanes against defenseless Ethi-
opia tie placed one of his Blackshirts,
Gen. De Bono, in command.
De Bono was a complete flop
and Badoglio, from the regular
army, was called to the rescue. In
the field of battle, Badoglio does
not hesitate. He is an A1 techni-
cal soldier. He cleaned up the
Ethiopian war in sort order-and
GRIN AND BEAR IT
he did not hesitate to use gas to
Afterward Badoglio was quite Will-
ing to receive from the hands of II
Duce the title of Duke of Addis
Ababa with the lush salary that went
with it. Badoglio also swallowed his
pride and his anti-Fascist leanings
sufficiently to become chief of all the
As such he was si'posed tv :re-
pare for war, which anyone could see
from the rantings of Italy's Akis
partner in Berlin, was just around
the corner. But the Italian arrty
lapsed into a state of unpreparedness
and poor morale.
Badoglio has been both blamed
and exonerated for the Italian fi-
asco in Greece. The truth is that
he did not want to undertake this
campaign, warned Mussolini that
the army was not* ready. By this
time, also Badoglio's latent hatred
of Fascism, deluged under all his
Fascist honors, had come to the
Friends say that he resented both
the French stab in the back and the
attack on Greece. But he did not
protest publicly. Finally he was
yanked back from the Greek cam-
paign, discharged by Mussolini, and
for a time friends feared for his life.
It was then that his old friend the
King held out a sheltering wing and
invited him to live in the imperial
(Copyright, 1943, United Features Synd.)
*~~.'~Z' *1 071943, Chicago'rTimes. Inc, ,'?
"Otis and I always had a joint account, bnt I liked it better before I
started working-now, I have to pit in money, too!"
DAILY 'OFFICIAL BULLETIN
I'dather Be Right
By SAMU.L GRAPiONr
NEW YORK, Aug. 5.- The collapse of a one-
party State is a fearful and Wonderful sight.
There is so little confusion about it. really. The
people know whom to blame for their miseries,
because there has been only one party in charge.
Under the circunstances, it is almost impossible
for revolutionaries to make a mistake.
And it is quite impossible for demagogues or
special pleaders to divert such an uprising,
against, say, Jews, or international bankers,.or
red-headed bicycle riders, or Freelasons, or
.In fact demagogy ;has less.chance in Italy
today than anywhere else. For this is a revolt
against demagogy 'itself, in a state built on.
demagogy. This is a revolt against all spurious
theories, which are usually used to divert pop-
ular discontent into blind alleys.
The nasty men of this world are silent in Italy,
and fresh- out of ideas.
They can't say the Jews done it, or the Masons
done it, or the intellectuals done it, or the movie
industry done it, or that anybody but they them-
selves done it.
This is the end of that road of Which such men
as Gerald L. K. Smith in America are:testing out
the beginnings. This is a preview for Mr. Smith
you on the nose if you called him a fascist,
but who, harrassed by his problems, sometimes
explodes: "If it wasn't for these labor unions
(or bureaucrats, or Jews, or Negroes, or radio
commentators, or peace-planners, or what-
ever) everything would be fine." Honey, it's
been done wholesale in Italy, and look at .the
They did everything you could have asked for,
kid, in your wildest dreams, and they did it for''
I think we, who have listened patiently while
the collapse of idealism after the last war has
been rubbed in, ought to rub it in, in our turn, on
the collapse of demagogy.
One might say that fascism is an even bigger
failure than the League of Nations.
Poor Woodrow Wilson (after all the jokes)
is more of a live man in Italy today than the
Italian realists who left the League and broke
.And I have heard those sardonic jests about
how funny it is to try to give milk to every Hot-
tentot, but it turns out to have been even more
comical to try to put chains on every Italian.
Love may not have worked so far, but hate has
really collapsed. Look at it. It lies in ruins. The
THURSDAY, AUG. 5, 1943
VOL. LIII, No. 28-S
All notices for The Daily Official Bulle-
tin are to be sent to the Office of the
Summer Session in typewritten form by
3:30 p.m. of the day preceding its publi-
cation, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m'
Notice of Withholding Tax Deduc-
tions: All persons upon the Univer-
sity Payrolls for services rendered
after June 30, 1943, are notified that
under the federal "Current Tax Pay-
ment Act of 1943" there will be de-
ducted from each salary payment
made an amount equivalent to 20 per
cent of such payment above legal
elected, under Federal authority, to
base this deduction, after legal ex-
emptions, upon 20 per cent of the
salary payment to each individual
calculated to the nearest dollar. Ev-
ery employee of the University, in
whatever capacity, should secure, at
the Business Office, or at other of-
fices at which they will be available,
a copy of the Government withhold-
ing exemption certificate, Form W4
and should promptly fill out and
mail or file this exemption certifi-
cate at the Business Office at which
the certificate was obtained. The
burden of filling out and filing this
form is -under the law exclusively
upon the employee and if it is not,
filed in time the deduction of 20 per
cent must be taken upon the basis of
the employee'' entire earnings with-
out benefit of the exemption to
which the employee would be en-
titled if he or she filed the certifi-
-Shirley W. Smith
Vice-President and Secretary
Pest-War Council members and
faculty advisers are reminded of the
meeting this afternoon at 4:30 in the
League Coke Bar.
Student Admissions to Football
Games: Full-time civilian students
Sept. 9; Freshmen, Friday, Sept. 10.
Students who do not call for their
admissions on the dates scheduled
above, will forfeit their class prefer-
ence for seat location.
Students desiring to sit together
should apply for their tickets at the
Your University Treasurer's re-
ceipt must be presented at the time
you apply for your football admission
coupons. Admission of students in
service uniforms will be handled
through the Commanding Officers of
the Service Units, and manner of
these admissions will be announced
later. -H. 0. Crisler, Director
Dr. Fred S. Dunham. Associate
Professor of Latin and of the Teach-
ing of Latin, will speak on the topic,
"The War and. Our Young People of
,Pre-Military Age: How Can We
Safeguaar Their Future?" before the
Schoo1 of Education Lecture Series
audience, this afternoon at 4:10 in
the University High School auditor-
ium. The public is invited.
Students, Summer Term, College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts:
Courses dropped after Saturday, Aug.
7, by students other than freshien
will be recorded with the grade of E.
Freshmen (students with less than
24 hours of credit) may drop courses
without penalty through the eighth
week. Exceptions to these regula-
tions may be made only because of
extraordinary circumsta ces, such as
serious illness. -E. A. Walter
Freshmen in the College of Litera-
ture, Science, and the Arts may ob-
tain their five-week progress reports
in the Academic Counselor's Office,
Room 108 Mason .all, from 8:30 to
12:00 a.m. and 1:30 to 4:30 p.m. ac-
cording to the following schedule:
A through. K, Thursday, Aug. 5.
L through Z, Friday, Aug. 6.
pianist, and Joseph Brinkman, pian-
ist, will be .heard in Brahms' Trio in
C minor and DeLamarter's Sonata in
Due to the limiteci seating capacity
of Pattengill Auditorium, admission
will be by card.
Student Recital: Miss Elizabeth
Ellison, soprano, will present a reci-
tal for the Master of Music degree at
8:30 p.m., Friday, Aug. 6, in the As-
sembly Hall of the Rackham Build-
ing. A student of Arthur Hackett,
Miss Ellison will be accompanied by
Mrs. Laura Whelan, pianist,' and
Thelma Shook and Richard Morse,
The public is cordially invited.
Rackham Galleries:. Exhiion of
Paintings from ten Latin-Amnrican
Republics. From the collections of
the Museum of Modern Art, New
York. Open 2 to 5, and 7 to 10 daily,
except Sundays. July 26 to Aug. 14.
Department of Physics: Conf4r-
ence -on Industrial and Chemical In-
fra-red Spectroscopy today. The
papers will be presented in the Am-
phitheatre of the Rackham Buildiqg.
The meeting will open at 11 aim.
Pi Lambda Theta Tea: Xi Chapter
of.Pi Lambda Theta, National Honor
Association of Women in Education,
will sponsor a tea in honor of mem-
bers who will graduate at the end of
the six-week summer session. The
tea will be held in the West Con-
ference Room of the Rackham Build-
ing, from 4 to 6 o'clock this after-
noon. Mrs. Marie Wallis, and Misses
Florence Smith and Almerene Mont-
gomery will be hostesses.
The French Club: The sixth meet-
ing of the club will take. place today
at 8 p.m. in the Michigan League.
Miss Elise Cambon of 'New Orleans