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August 05, 1943 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1943-08-05

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VOL. LIU, No. 28-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, AUG. 5, 1943

PRICE FIVE CENTS

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Allied Forces Blast Holes in Crumbling Mt. Etna Line

Axis Admits
Evacuation of
Stronghold

Yanks Seizer
Caronia While
Trap Tightens
Canadian, British Push
Threatens To Encircle
Defenders of Catania
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
NORTH AFRICA, Aug. 4. - Under
'cover of a shattering fire from naval
artillery, hundreds of planes and
massed field guns, American, Can-
adian and British forces again have
torn miles-deep holes in the crumb-
ling Mt. Etna line across the tip of
Sicily.
Gaining as much as six miles
in some sectors, slugging American
doughboys captured Caronia on the
north coast, four miles beyond fallen
San Stefano.
Dlefenders of Catania Threatened
Canadians and British, fighting
over bitterly contested ground at the
central hinge of the Axis line west
of. Mt. Etna, gained "several miles"
in a mighty push which threatened
to fold up the entire southern end
of the enemy's position and envelop
'the large forces defending Catania
on the east coast.
Air force commanders turned the
full power of their aerial tactical
fleet against the Axis defenders.
Completely unopposed swarms of
planes of all types whipped back
ahd forth across the Axis lines,
bumping Germans from their pill-
boxes and slashing their land con-
vyoys.
PT Boats Used
American torpedo boat squadrons
bruising along the north coast and
light British naval forces patrolling
Messina Strait virtually completed
a circuit of blockade about the
) eleaguered Sicilian tip.
A jackpot of blockbusters tumbled
onto Naples' railway targets as RAF
Wellingtons fought through a blind-
Ping anti-aircraft defense to continue
by night the Allied air offensive
against the mainland.
American heavy cruisers, disclosed
in action off Sicily for the first time,
;thundered in unison with destroyers
at the north coastal road and de-
fense positions dug into the hills west
of Cape Orlando, itself 18 miles east
of the known position of American
troops.
Forces Blast Coast
British naval forces poured a rak-
ing fire on the east coastal road at
Cape Molini, just north of Catania,
and at Taormina, farther north, af-
ter fighting two sharp engagements
with the enemy motor torpedo boats
in which one of the latter was put
out of action.
These were the highlights of the
actions described in Allied Head-
quarters announcements today..
The capture of Catenanuova 22
miles west of Catania and a out
three miles southwest of Centuripe,
already in Allied hands, was clinched
by the British after a stiff battle.
* * *
Eisenhower
Salutes Malta
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
NORTH AFRICA, Aug. 4-W)-Tiny
Malta, on the receiving end of savage
Axis attacks for more than two years,
served as the "brain" for the Allied
invasion of Sicily to gain revenge for
her months of suffering, Gen. Dwight
D. Eisenhower disclosed today.
Gen. Eisenhower established his

command post for the operation in
the limestone caves of the island.
It was the second time that caves
have served as headquarters for Al-
lied offensives. Eisenhower's head-
quarters in the attack on North Af-
rice last November were in the tun-
nels of the fortress of Gibralter.
The tall, sandy-haired comman-
der-in-chief of the Allied forces in
Africa paid tribute today to Malta
and the Maltese.
"The epic of Malta is a symbolic
experience of the United Nations in
this war," he said. "Malta has passed

British Storm Enemy Strongpoint

Italy Declares New
Regime Closer to Axis
Rome Rejects Allied Demand for Unconditional
Surrender; Badoglio Calls Cabinet Meeting
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Aug. 4.- Italian declarations by press and radio indicated
today that Marshal Pietro Badoglio's regime was binding Italy closer to the
Axis and stiffening the will t fight on.
While Italian newspapers carried articles rejecting the Allied demand
for "unconditional surrender," -Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden told the
House of Commons that the Allies had offered no dther peace terms.
Badoglio Cabinet Called
Badoglio called his cabinet to meet tomorrow, but there was no indica-
tion that it was to discuss peace terms.
A Rome broadcast recorded by the Associated Press said the meeting
would be an important one. Among matters to be considered was a com-
mission to examine property ac-

Soldiers of the British Eighth Army charge through a railway viaduct to storm an enemy strongpoint
in a Sicilian railway station, according to the caption accompanying this official British photo. Latest
reports from Sicily indicate that the British and Can adian armies are threatening to encircle the Axis
army at Catania while the American assault troops have crashed through the Mt. Etna line in numerous
sectors.
Reuther A dvances EightKSecond Victory
PointG.M. Progra mVanities Will Be
TGiveii#u .2a8

u w "rector rresents, emana s oDe
Incorporated in :New Contract Negotiations
By The Associated Press
DETROIT, Aug. 4.- Walter P. Reuther, director of the General Motors
Department of the United Automobile Workers (CIO), advanced today an
eight-point program of demands to be incorporated in negotiations on a
new G.M. contract.
Principal recommandation was that demands for wage increases be
made from the corporation unless prices are rolled back to the May 15, 1942,
level before the union's present G.M. contract expires on Oct. 5. The recom-
mendation was placed before 120 delegates to the UAW's GM council meet-
ing here.
Among other demands which Reuther suggested were: elimination of
swing shifts, which he said were no longer needed because there are "more
men than jobs;" a $1 an hour mini-*

mum for all GM workers, which
Reuther said would affect some clas-
sifications such as janitors and some
women workers; a clause permitting
wages to be adjusted with the cost of
living every 30 days; guaranteed
weekly minimum wage for 48 hours'
work; industry-wide wage stabiliza-
tion to be achieved through a wage
conference; standard health and
safety clause; and the resubmission
of a. demand for a postwar security
fund for GM workers. He also rec-
ommended that going rates be estab-
lished on a corporation basis.
The wage increase demand, ac-
cording to Reuther, would be be-
tween 10 and 11 per cent, to coincide
with an equal rise in prices since
May, 1942.
Reuther said, "I would prefer that
prices be rolled back rather than de-
mand wage- increases because I am
unalterably opposed to inflation."
He assailed the War Labor Board for
fixing going rates for jobs on an
area basis because "all it did was to
average the wages for jobs and re-
duce that by 10 per cent."
Officers Will
Study Warfare
New Super-School
Plan To Begin Today
WASHIN GTON, Aug. 4-The Na-
tion's new super-school of war, the
Army and Navy Staff College, will
be opened tomorrow when the first
group of officers of all the armed
forces begin an eight-weeks course on
the complex, coordinated operations'
of modern Warfare.
The officers already have complet-
ed eight weeks of study at the various
service schools for the Army, Navy
and Air forces and their new work
will be devoted to "intensive instruc-

Summer Terma
Students To Get
Grid Ticket~
Full-time civilian students en-!
rolled in the summer term will be
given student admission to the two
home football games played during
the summer term, Athletic Director
Herbert O. Crisler announced yester-
day.
Unlike last year's set-up for the
Great Lakes game, however, students
enrolling in the fall term but not at-
tending the summer semester will
not receive student admissions to
these first two home tilts against
Michigan State, September 25, and
Notre Dame, October 9.
Summer semester students must
call for their admission coupons at
the Athletic Office, Ferry Field, be-
tween 8 a.m. and 5 p.m. on the fol-
lowing days:
Seniors and graduate students,
Tuesday, September 7; juniors, Wed-
nesday, September 8; Sophomores,
Thursday, September 9; freshman,
Friday, September 10.
The University Treasurer's re-
ceipt must be presented at the time
the admission coupons are applied
for, and students ,not calling for
their admissions on the scheduled
dates will lose their class preference
for seat location.
Students wishing to sit together
must apply at the same time and in
this case seats will be given out ac-
cording to the lower class.
Admission for students in service
uniforms will be handled through the
Commanding Officers of the Service
Units.
Ai h Ln - -ar .

Union, League Will,
Sponsor Program;
Skits To Be Presented
The second Victory Vanities to be
given here will be presented at 8 p.m.
Saturday, August 28 in Hill Auditori-
um under the - joint sponsorship of
the Union and the League.
Following the plan of the first
Vanities last February, the program
will consist of short skits and enter-
tainments presented by various cam-
pus houses and organizations.
Army and Navy units will also pre-
sent acts, Doris Barr, League chair-
man, announced. Co. A, 3651st S. U.,
will provide part of the entertain-
ment, Miss Barr said.
Any group or house on campus,
including the Army and Navy, is
eligible to enter the Vanities, ac-
cording to Miss Barr. The only re-
quirement is the sending of a l.etter
or postcard of acceptance by August
14, to Miss Barr in the Undergradu-
ate Office of the League.
Eliminations to determine the skits
that will be given in the Vanities will
be held August 24 and 25. The best
eight to ten houses will stay on for
the finals. Skits should be 10 to 15
minutes long, Miss Barr added.
War bonds will be given as prizes
for the winning acts. Judges will be
announced later.

quired by political office holders be-
tween Oct. 22, 1942 and July 14,
1943. Requisitioning of this property
will be considered, Rome said.
The Daily Mail reported from the
Italian frontier that Badoglio had
forbidden Italians to listen to enemy
radios, a decree announcing that
heavy prison sentences would be in-
flicted on anyone caught listening to
British, American "or other enemy
wireless programs."
Ciano To Be Replaced
(Meanwhile, the Rome radio said
the Italian cabinet met today to dis-
cuss the appointment of a new am-
bassador to the Vatican tonreplace
Count Ciano, Mussolini's son-in-law.
The Rome broadcast, reported by the
U.S. foreign broadcast intelligence
service, said the ministers also dis-
cussed "reports from the air minis-
try.")
The Milan Corriere Della Sera,
which had been outspoken in its
criticism of Fascism after Musso-
lini's downfall, was quoted by Rome
Radio as writing :
"The enemykeeps on repeating
they are waging war against Fascism
and not against Italy. Fascism has
fallen. What have they offered to
Italy? Nothing but a vague promise
for generosity-the velvet glove over
the iron fist of unconditional sur-
render.
"Those two words repeated every
day on every occasion take away all
illusions and break down moments
when one might feel inclined to be
persuaded. Our peace could be
nothing but a continuation of war
with us or without us or over us."
General Tax
Bill Delayed
War Contract Study
Causes Postponement
WASHINGTON, Aug. 4. -(R)-
Postponement of House ways and
means consideration of the new and
bigger wartime general tax bill, until
the law for renegotiation of war con-
tracts has been reviewed for possible
amendments, was agreed upon today
by Congressional tax leaders, a re-
liable source reported.
It was understood the delay was
viewed favorably by the treasury,
since this would forego the possibility
of a heated tax debate in the midst of
the September war bond drive.

U.S. Troops
Press Toward
Muiida Base
Infantrymen Break
Through Main Jap
Line South of Drome
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
THE SOUTHWEST PACIFIC, Thurs-
day, Aug. 5. - W) - United States
troops inching forward out of the
jungle upon the Japanese air' base
of Munda have advanced on both
flanks, it was reported today.
Infantrymentwho previously had
pressed along the coast to the east-
ern edge of the air strip of New
Georgia broke through the main Jap-
anese line sough of the airdrome.
Other troops which has occupied the
northeastern slope of Bibolo hill to
the north of the airdrome now are
fighting on the western slopes.
Bombers Attack Coast
While this slow bloody effort was
in progress, the United StatesrNavy
and the Army 13th Airforce threw
powerful formations of fighters, dive
and torpedo bombers against enemy
positions along the coast west of
Munda in a savage low level attack
which sent several hundred Japanese
scurrying from their foxholes into
the reef-studded waters.
"Our left flank on the coast has
advanced to a point opposite the cen-
ter of the airdrome," General Mac-
Arthur disclosed.
Troops Fight on Bibolo
"On the right our advanced ele-
ments are fighting on the. western
slopes of Bibolo Hill (to the north
of the airdrome)."
The Americans now have overrun
a long strong trench east of Munda.
Below Munda on American-occu-
pied Rendova Island, 13 enemy Zeros
were downed in air battles, adding to
the more than 300 planes lost by
the Japanese in the Solomons since
the offensive opened June 30.
In the northern Solomons, Ameri-
can Corsairs destroyed three enemy
float planes, three barges and a
small cargo boat in a fighter sweep
over Shortland Island.
In northeastern New Guinea, where
American and Australian jungle
fighters are moving on Salamaua,
there was sharp fighting reported
south of that enemy air base.

German Fort Captured
In 24 Days, Russians
Report Street Fighting
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Thursday, Aug. 5.-Rus-
sian forces smashed their way Wed-
nesday into the city of Orel, stra-
tegic hinge of the Nazi defense sys-
tem, and began street fighting with
a fanatic Nazi holding force as the
German radio announced the defend-
ers were abandoning the city.
Formal occupation of battered Orel
by the Red forces after 24 days of,
grand-scale fighting was believed to
be only a matter of hours as the
Germans announced that their lines
had be'en "taken back behind the
remnants of the city" and that the
city had been evacuated.
Reds Sweep On
The Soviet midnight communique
announced triumphantly that the
Red Army had swept from four to
five miles forward along the front
which almost encircled the important
German stronghold and captured
more than"80 populated places.
A railway station four miles north
of Orel and a large populated point
only two and one half miles south
of the city fell before the-onrushing
attackers.
Germans Leave Ammunition
The communique, recorded by the
Soviet monitor, indicated that the
last thin lines of German defenses
had crumpled and in at least one
sector the Russians were hotly pur-
suing fleeing Nazis who abandoned
artillery, machineguns and vast piles'
of ammunition in a retreat that ap-
proached being a rout.
The Berlin radio announced early
today:
"It was learned from informed
quarters here that German troop
have evacuated Orel."
DNB Quoted
Quoting the German news agency
DNB, the radio continued:
"German lines have been said to
have been taken back behind the
remnants of the city of Orel.
"German units were in a position
to. disengage themselves from the
enemy and took up previously pre-
pared more favorable positions.
"The evacuation took place accord-
ing to plan. The flanks of the Orel
arch had been shortened and strong
Russian attacks smashed. All mili-
tary and industrially important es-
tablishments have been evacuated.
"The enemy did not find out about
the taking back of the German
forces. Only several hours after the
evacuation movements had taken
place did they put out feelers against
the new German positions."
German, Russian Accounts Differ
The German account of an orderly
withdrawal did not jibe with the So-
viet command's announcement that
the Red Army was fighting the Ger-
mans in the streets of the city and
that vast quantities of material were
captured outside the city as the
Soviet forces pursued "the retreating
enemy."
On one sector alone more than
1,000 Germans were killed in this
pursuit, Moscow announced.
The capitulation of Orel, as al-
ready acknowledged by the Germans,
climaxes a Soviet power drive that
began July 12 against this long-held
Nazi front bastion. The Soviet of-
fensive itself had followed quickly
upon failure of the German offen-
sive launched July 5 all along the
Kursk-Orel-Belgorod salient.
Prize of Summer Campaign
Capture of Orel would be the great-
est prize of the summer campaign
that saw the Nazis twice frustrated
in offensive attempts and the Rus-
sians dislaying new offensive and
defensive power in their third sum-
mer of war.
Announcement of the successes in-
dicated that the breakthrough came
late last night for the usual special
Soviet bullein was omitted for the

first time since July 19 and the vic-
torious drive announced in the regu-
lar midnight communique.
Ontario Premier Is
Defeated in Election
TORONTO, Aug. 4.-(')-The Ad-
ministration of Harr C. Nixon, Liber-

SAFEKEEPING OF GERMANS:

Goering Asks Rome for Mussolini
Oerl 8 ONG Tu880lI'.

By The Associated Press
MADRID, Aug. 5.- Reichsmar-
shal Hermann Goering went to
Rome last week, it was reported
here tonight, and interviewed King
Vittorio Emmanuele and, Marshal
Pietro Badoglio to ask that Benito
Mussolini be handed over to the
Germans for safekeeping.
An authoritative source, who
cannot be named but whose infor-
mation was backed by verbal re-
ports of Italians here who were in
Rome last week, gave this version
of the visit:
Mussolini's fall so soon after
the Verona meeting with Adolf
Hitler so shocked Berlin that
Goering was sent by Hitler to
find out what happened.
Goering had a long talk with the

Goering was also believed to
have expressed Germany's will-
ingness and ability to give Italy
sufficient aid to defend central
and southern Italy as well as the
Po valley in the north.
The results of the conversation
were strictly in the realm of con-
jecture, but reports agreed that
Badoglio's answer to the request
for Mussolini was that it was for
the King to decide. The King, in
turn, said no, explaining politely
that Mussolini was sufficiently
protected where he was.
Upon Goering's insistence, the
King still said no, adding that
he had no intention of handing
over the. Duce to a belligerent
power which might conceivably

ranging from all out German-
Italian collaboration stronger than,
ever before to agreement that Ba-
doglio would only stall off surren-
der as long as possible to enable
the Germans to dig in at the Po
valley..
Meanwhile Madrid suddenly
began to take notice of unusual
press dispatches from Germany
which hinted that the military
might have taken over or was
taking over from the Nazis.
One dispatch in Arriba said,
"Reporting events in Berlin is a job
which imposes silence at the very
moment when events come under
military jurisdiction which marks
them with the seal of secrecy."
The question arose, did this

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