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NIGHT EDITOR: MARGARET FRANK
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily'
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
IN CASE anyone is interested, it looks as if
Chicago will be run by the Kelly-Nash ma-
chine till the war is over and then some.
Lake Michigan's thriving metropolis being my
home town, I had occasion to spend last week-
end there. The traffic and traction problems
are just as bad, the slums are just as slummy,
and I haven't heard any clarion's being rung for
the end of graft in general among the political
gentry, whose ranks are multitudinous indeed.
But I'm willing to give odds right now that
Xelly and his merry men will be in for a long
time to come. In fact, Chicagoans, who have
shown such an insatiable willingness to have
their pockets picked the past ten years, prob-
ably love the old rascal now more than ever,
even those not on the payroll, and there are a
few who aren't.
It seems the boys in the back room got to-
gether some time ago and. decided that with
magazine articles exposing corruption, a threat-
ening Republican counter machine, and even a
blast or two from the Tribune, which is usually
too busy with Roosevelt to hotice the smell at
home, maybe that old devil public sentiment
would catch on even in Chicago. Something
would have to be done that looked good on the
record for a change, even though it would prob-
ably cut some of the boys up pretty much to have
to dish out their hard filched coin.
TAE RESULT was a campaign to make Chicago
the serviceman's paradise, and with the Win-
dy City flair for spectacle when necessary, it's
turned out to be just that. Chicago has several
USO and the like centers, all of which are good,
and in particular a big one in the Loop which
has a reputation among the servicemen I know
as being the best in the country. There's a big
pavillion and bathing beach on the Outer Drive
for servicemen exclusively. Food is free, beds
are free, everybody's happy, including the city
Street signs and posters welcoming the
weary soldier and sailor are rife, all bearing
the fatherly signature, of course, of Edward J.
Kelly, Mayor. In fact, almost everywhere you
go there is that hearty handshake atmosphere,
and everywlere possible there is due acknow-
ledgment to the governing father of the town.
And the machine rolls smoothly on once more.
THE PHENOMENON of the Kelly-Nash extrav-
aganza dates back to depression days, when
nobody gave much of a damn who was running
the town. The Kelly outfit joined hands with
former Mayor Anton Cermak's clique after Cer-
mnak had given his life, taking a bullet intended
for Roosevelt in, I believe, 1932, in Florida and
Kelly with his genial Irish smile was a perfect
front man to please the heavy Irish and Catholic
population of the town. Since then he's been
smilingly heading one of the most efficiently
organized groups of political highwaymen this
country has ever seen. Their record, as I said,
has had quite a few odorific airings in several
good magazine articles.
One peculiar feature of this machine is that
while it has. a streamlined organizational setup
on top, their methods are strictly old fashioned
clambake ones. A good time for everyone, that's
the general theme of their sell to the public. The
politicians in Chicago have picnics, boat rides,
benefit balls, as often as possible; the standard
rule is to get as many people on the payroll dir-
ectly or indirectly, one wayor another, no matter
how small the capacity, the assumption being
that everyone is a vote and so are their sisters
and their cousins and their aunts. These plus
the old frontier system of having registered vot-
ers in vacant lots, haunted houses, and so forth,
round up a top-heavy majority every year.
The real issues, like the traction one, the
Negro housing problem, the fact that Chicago
has a greater city debt than any other in
the country, never enter anyone's heads, and
why should they, ehum. Step up and have
another brew on the Fourth Ward and forget
This serviceman splurge is the first thing Chi-
cago has shelled out for the common benefit of
any import since the era of Big Bill Thompson
in the twenties. Thompson also had his machine
and his graft but he didn't mind parting with a
lot of it to build parks, roads, etc. The Kelly-
Nash lunch had nothing but empty beer bottles
and dead picnic fires to show for their years of
That's why I believe this is the most solidify-
ing move they've made in ten years, when they
can point to their record and say, "Look at all
those servicemen we make happy. We're not
such bad guys after all. Have another brew on
the Fourth Ward."
As a matter of fact, there isn't much to choose
from in Chicago politically. If the Kelly show
gets the hook, a Republican machine backed by
Col. McCormick and long thirsting for their turn
at the trough, will be ushered in with their hands
out. At least Kelly does the one good public
service of garnering several million ballots for
Roosevelt, not because he believes in Roosevelt's
New Deal, but because the machine needs the
backing of the Democratic Party. Souns more
like honest politics that way.
It's a gay town, the Windy City is these days,
with all those smiling young soldiers and sail-
ors. Ed and Pat Nash are a couple of smart
ones all right. Step up and have another on
the Fourth Ward, chum. War isn't such hell
after all. - J.M.
By SAMUEL GRAFTON "
NEW YORK, July 29.- The overturn in Italy
is a first cousin to the recent overturn in Argen-
tina. Both were revolutions designed to keep
revolutions from happening.
The first acts of both regimes were to stop
the mouths of the people, to forbid assemblies,
to ban parades and manifestations. There-
fore we are entitled to say that these regimes
came in, not as the result of popular action,
but to head off popular action.
In both countries, the powers that be have
merely decided that a new formula is needed to
keep the people down.
In other words, Mussolini has not been thrown
out because he is an evil man, but because he is
no longer able to do the job he was initially put
in power to do. He has not been dismissed be-
cause he is a fascist; he has been dismissed be-
cause he is an ineffective fascist. He has not
been fired because of what he did, but because of
fear that he would no longer be able to do it.
These are the abiding realities. Black Shirts
may come and Black Shirts may go, but reaction
in Italy endureth.
THURSDAY, JULY 29, 1943
VOL. L111, No. 23-S
All notices for The Daily Official Bulle-
tin are to be sent to the Office of the
Summer Session in typewritten form by
3:30 p.m. of the daypreceding its publi-
cation, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.'
Faculty of the College of Litera-
ture, Science, and the Arts: The five-
wveek freshman reports will be due
Saturday, July 31, in the Academic
Counselors' Office, 108 Mason Hall.
-Arthur Van Duren
Chairman, Academic Counselors
Faculty Form A and Form C: Each
faculty member teaching in a regu-
lar or special program is asked to
fill out copies of Administrative In-
University U.S.O. Needs
Greater Dancing Space
THE NEED HAS BEEN URGENT for some sort
of unified campus U.S.O. to entertain the
four thousand servicemen who have descended
upon Michigan's campus for training; and now
that the women have gotten their organization
functioning there is just one difficulty-lack of
The University U.S.O. is a splendid organiza-
tion, and all the women who have signed up to
devote one evening to dancing with the mili-
tary men are to be complimented. The few
affairs thus far have proved that a good time
was had by all except that the floor was en-
tirely too crowded for comfortable dancing. .
A medium-large room such as the Grand Rap-
ids room in the League was never meant to be
invaded by a large group of hearty, lively sailors
interested in a little jive. And When such a room
is taken over the result is a mild sort of bedlam
with an unusual number of bruised ankles and
There is a desperate need for a larger room
for the University U.S.O. Four thousand ser-
vicemen and their hostesses deserve more ade-
quate space for their social activities.
- Margaret Frank
GOP Span gler Hurls
Charges at Wallace
H ARRISON E. SPANGLER, chairman of the
Republican National Committee, cheerfully
tossed his hat into the ring of current name-
callers by accusing Vice-President Wallace last
Tuesday of "playing into Fascist hands."
Guilty of resorting to one of the most in-
sidious methods of propaganda-that of cast-
ing out broad hints on Wallace's patriotism
without making any direct accusation-Spang-
ler has succeeded only in drawing unfavorable
atteniton to himself.
The fact that he is a Republican has nothing
to do with the merits of the case he so inade-
quately presents against the Administration. Not
one shred of evidence or proof does he offer;- not
one attempt does he make to refute Wallace's
accusations-if accusations they may be called.
All he says is, "If there is Fascism in this
country, it stems from the 'palace guard' of the
New Dea."-which sounds very nice, but
Those people and groups whom Wallace called
"American Fascists" are the isolationists, the
reactionaries-and not specifically the Republi-
can voters. It is true that the Vice-President did
call those to task who are attempting to destroy
everything Roosevelt has accomplished on the
domestic front over the last ten years.
IT IS TRUE that Wallace did condemn those
who want to go back to the "good old days" as
well as those who say "let's not do anything till
we see what England and Russia are planning."
But just exactly how this Justifies Spang-
ler's charge that Wallace has started on the
path of setting group against group and un-
loosing 15 months of political warfare on the
country is less clear than the proverbial mud
Wallace has been accused of being an imprac-
tical dreamer, but if ever civilization needed
dreamers it's now. The nations of the world can
use someone who firmly declares, "Ours must be
a generation that will distill the stamina and
provide the skills to create a war-proof world."
And America needs someone who tells her
formation Sheets immediately andf
to leave them in the hands of the1
department secretary or the depart-c
ment chairman by the afternoon oft
Friday, July 30, at the very latest.k
This change in date is made because
the Navy is requesting certain en-r
rcllment information next week. N
All regular enrollments of coursese
of the summer session and the firstI
half of the summer term as well as1
Navy and Marine enrollments of!
these courses are to be reported onk
Form A. All courses of other special
programs are to be reported on Form1
C. Blanks may be obtained from
the department secretary.1
Department secretaries will see
that the President's copy is available
for collection Saturday morning. Ad-!
ditional blanks, if needed, may be
secured from the Office of Educa-
-C. S. Yoakum
Notice to all Delta Tau Delts on
Campus: The Delta Chapter is giving!
a welcoming party for all delts who
are stationed here in the service. At
the Shelter! 1928 Geddes! 8:30
Saturday. July 31.
Graduate Outing Club: All mem-
bers of the Graduate Outing Club
who will attend the party in the
Rackham Building from 8 to 11:45
p.m. Friday, Aug. 6, please leave
your names at the Rackham Build-
ing desk before noon Saturday, July
Graduate Outing Club: Members
will meet at the club headquarters
at 2:30 on Sunday, Aug. 1, for a trip
to the Saline Valley Farms. Bring
your lunch and a bathing suit.
Round Table Discussion: "China
After the War as Forecast by the
Chinese Themselves," under the
leadership of Prof. Hsing-Chih Tien,
Friday, 4:15 p.m., Rackham Amphi-
theatre. Auspices of the Summer
The language examination for
candidates for the Master's degree
in History will be given Friday, July
30, from 4 to 5 in Room 216 Haven
College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts, and Architecture; Schools
of Education, Forestry, Music, and
Public Health: Summer Session stu-
dents wishing a transcript of this
summer's work only should file a re-
quest in Room 4, U.H., several days
before leaving Ann Arbor. Failure
to file this request before the end of
the session will result in a needless
delay of several days.
-Robert L. Williams
Engineering Seniors: graduating in
October, and all. NROTC men in
eighth term: The Senior Class Offi-
cer elections have been postponed,
and petitions may be handed in until
Aug. 2 at the Office of the Dean of
the College of Engineering. Elec-
tions will be held Aug. 5 and 6.
Rackham Galleries: Exhibition of
Paintings from ten Latin-American
Republics. From the collections of
the Museum of Modern Art, New
York. Open 2 to 5, and 7 to 10 daily,
except Sundays. July 26 to Aug. 14.
Russian Tea: There will be aRus-
sian Tea at 4 o'clock at the Interna-
tional Center today. Persons inter-
ested in speaking Russian are cor-
HE MICHIGAN Repertory Players
presented the traditional Chinese
play "Lady Precious Stream" last
night at the Lydia Mendelssohn The-
atre to a tolerant and occasionally
amused audience. The play is a ven-
erable one (in a new translation) to
which the Chinese Theatre brings its
age-encrusted theatre technique. Of
this, Mr. Chen will, undoubtedly,
have much to say if you will but
skip this portion of the review and
read what he has written to the
Valentine Windt and Claribel Baird
have managed the difficult duty of
bringing "Lady Precious Stream" to
Ann Arbor audiences with consider-
able artfulness. One assumes that
it is not the fault of the direction
that the inventive stage business is
inclined to wear a trifle thin before
the long evening is over. One as-
sumes, further, that the slowness of
pace and the frequent listlessness and
lack of energy of the large cast are
caused by the age of the play and not
the age of the actors (or actresses, to
be more exact).
The best performance of the eve-
ning is that of Genevieve Edwards
who plays Wang with good sense, en-
ergy, understanding and conscious
humor. Gertrude Slack as General
Mu brought a nice feeling of sincerity
to the Drama of the Third Pass, and
a humorous good-natured dignity
which, one may observe, was sadly
lacking during, much of the play.
Barbara White, playing the difficult
part of the hero of the piece, was
both personable and pleasant. Ruth
Sobotka is an appealingly tiny ac-
tress, with a voice inclined, unfortun-
ately, to sound peaked, and she is
quite loveable as the heroine. Blanche
Holpar looked and sounded quite
right as the mother.
The single set is serviceable and
extremely pleasing on the eyes. The
costumes, to keep it short, were very
lush. The play had its amusing mo-
"LADY PRECIOUS STREAM" was
adopted from a popular Chinese
opera translated into English by Dr.
S. I. Hsiung.
Genevieve Edwards and Blanche
Holpar enacted Prime Minister Wang
and his wife, respectively, with re-
straint and true understanding of
Chinese gestures and mannerisms,
Ruth Sobotka portrayed Lady 'Pre-
cious Stream with tenderness and
charm. However, judging from the
viewpoint of old Chinese opera, she
could have injected a little more
modesty and genuine shyness into
the character. Barbara White played
Hsieh Ping-Kuei admirably. Though,
there is a certain lack of masculinity
in her portrayal, especially in part I.
Fawn Atkins, Miriam Ruge and many
others all did well in their respective
parts. Clarence Foster, acting as the
narrator, captured the real spirit of
a belletristic gentleman of the Tang
It is regrettable that part of the
third act was cut out to avoid a
lengthy performance. The part deals
with the interesting situation in
which Hsieh Ping-kuei tried to test
the fidelity of his wife upon his re-
turn from the eighteen-year cam-
paign in Western Regions. In 'my
opinion, that. part is full of drama
and typical Chinese subtlety.
The stage setting adhered closely
to that of Chinese opera, which
means that there is no scenery. The
actors, therefore, must grasp the at-
tention of the audience. The cos-
tumes were richly- colored though not
authentic, but they offer a striking
contrast against the plain back-
A sincere tribute is due Prof. Val-
entine Windt and his staff whose
courage and skillful direction were
responsible for the greater part of
the success. The true significance of
this play is worth noting. Through
this play, one phase of life in Chinese
history is introduced to the American
-Raymond C. F. Chen
GRIN AND BEAR IT By Lichty
WASHINGTON, July 29.- Unsung U.S. heroes
who contributed heavily to Mussolini's downfall
were Italian-American boys smuggled into Sicily
several weeks before U.S. troops landed.
How they got ashore must remain a military
secret. But the fact that they got there is now
recognized as a part of military operations, just
as the, advance landing of Lt. Gen. Mark Clark,
in North Africa, carrying bags of U.S. gold.
These Italian - Americans were especially
trained in the dangerous, delicate job of win-
ning over military garrisons in advance of a
landing force. In Sicily they had the advan-
tage of speaking the language and being able
to visit the Iomes of their relatives, few of
whom loved Mussolini. From there they were
able to work around to various military leaders.
It has long been known that Italian military
leaders were of two types. One, is the profes-
sional soldier like Field Marshal Badoglio, who
was in the army before Mussolini's time and has
no love for the Fascists. Also he has no love for
the Nazis, and so was not too difficult to win
over to the 4llied side.
Other type of Italian military leaders is the
Fascist Blackshirt, who rose throngh favors
from Il Duce, but who usually is susceptible to
coin of the realm. Presumably U.S. advance
scouts were supplied with what Gen. Clark
took with him in advance into North Africa.
At any rate, expert advance work by patriotic.
Italian-Aperican4, plus the popularity of the
United States in Sicily, contributed to one of the
most, bloodless landing expeditions in history.
Gen. Giraud's Waterloo
Gen. Giraud was shown all the sights of Wash-
ington during his stay here, including the War
Department's massive Pentagon Building, rated
as the, largest office building in the world.
After the French commander had been led
The mistake some of us make is
"fascism" a thing-in-itself, like
In itself it is nothing. It is merely
faces worn by reaction. The time
I wish I could tell whether it was love or not-like in measles, I broke
out in a rashI'
Letters to the Editor
when the only way to continue fascist rule is'
to throw out a fascist party. Then it is done.
Come, are we really such children that we can-
not understand this?
Yet how happy some of our commentators are
that the King of Italy's proclamations are no
longer dated: "Done in the twenty-first year of
the fascist era . . ." Italian fascism now dates its
deeds by the Christian calendar. What a great
And the Italian radio no longer plays "La
Giovanezza" at the conclusion of its news broad-
casts! There is a fine revolutionary overturn
To those who roll these crumbs of comfort over
their tongues it must be said with firmness that
when the Italian people do finally move they
shall move for other ends than to change the
musical signature of Radio Rome or the wording
of :royal proclamations.
I .have no doubt that the most enormous
sensations are impending in Italy, that Italians
will stop fighting soon, that Italian soldiers
will come home from the Balkans, that a way
to peace will be sought and perhaps found.
The installation of Badoghio is not a maneuver
to prevent defeat. Italian defeat is inevitable.
This is a maneuver by Italian reaction to make
itself at home in the magpie's nest of defeat.
It is a maneuver to make the defeat meaning-
This is not an effort to save the Italian people
from defeat; it is an effort to keep them from
getting anything out of their defeat.
It is a maneuver to place the whole cost of
defeat on the people of Italy. It is a plan to
insure that the bill for defeat, in terms of re-
venge and reform, will not be presented to
T SEEMS TO ME that the publica-
tion of such a headline as "Soviet
Dogma: Russian Gospel of Hate to
Destroy a Free World" displays en-
tirely mistaken zeal in trying to be
In the first place the article upon
which the headline allegation is
made distinctly ascribes this atti-
tude to a group known as "Young
Russia." Germany has been fight-
ing to exterminate the Jews, Poles,
Czechs, and Russians. The evidence
that this has been taken literally by
great groups of German soldiers, is
the resulting murder of literally mil-
lions of Jews, Poles, Czechs and Rus-
sians. The threat to Americans would
be the same today had not the Rus-
sians, particularly; succeeded in
holding fast, and with the aid of the
English and the Chinese and the
otherAllied nations, prevented the
complete destruction of all who stood
between the German (and Italian
at 5 o'clock. It is important that
everyone be present.
Xi Chapter of Pi Lambda Theta,
national honor association of women
in Education, will hold its annual
picnic at the Island today. Members
will meet at the front entrance of
the University High School atn5:30
p.m. Each member is requested to
bring her own food. Misses Laurena
Beadle, Bernice Adrian, Miriam Kan-
and Japanese) desire to conquer by
wholesale murder. Should the Rus-
sians and the Poles and Czechs' and
Jews begin now to love the Germans
The problem to assure a just peace'
finally is sufficiently difficult so that
the singling out of some chance
phrase of Russians to make the Rus-
sians appear to be different from
Americans, Poles, Czechs, and Brit-
ish seems to me a distinct dis-service
to the war effort. We have those
who still cry "Communist" at any-
thing suggested by the Russians or
those desirous of collaborating fully
with the Russians.
Personally I believe that a just
peace will require tribunals who by
judicial process will condemn~t to
death hundreds of thousands of
German and possibly Italian sol-
diers who have participated in the
atrocities in Greece, in France, in
Norway, and in Holland and in
Russia. I believe that Germans
should be compelled somehow to
restore hundreds of thousands of
homes that have been destroyed.
I believe that no Germans should
be left after the war with any
property that belonged to Polish,
to Czechs, to Russians, or to any
of those people in occupied epun
How this is to be done is suffi-
ciently complicated so that silly ut-
French Tea: There
French Tea today at 4
will be a
p.m. at the
International Center: The regular
Thursday tea will be held this after-
noon flrom 4 until 6 p.m. Allforeign
students and their American friends
Carnival Booth Chairmen: There