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August 14, 1942 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1942-08-14

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

FREAY,

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The WASHINGTON
MERRY-GO-ROUND
By DRw PEARSON

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DAILY OFFICIAL
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GRIN AND BEAR iT

By Lichty

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Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board In Control
of Student Publications.
The Summer Daily is published every morning except
Monday and Tuesday.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights
of republication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Zntered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
.Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.00; by mail $5.00.
REPRBEENTED POR NATIONAL ADVERTitNG OY
National Advertising Service, Inc.
a College Ptblisbm sRepresentative
420 MADISON Av . NQw YORK, N. Y.
cwgcaeo - eosi.n - 10 s ,,1- ARGMS SANPRANCScO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1941-42
Editorial Staff
kbmer Swander . . . . . Managing Editor
Will Sapp . . . . . . city .Editor
Mike Dan . . . . . . . Sports Editor
ASSOCIATE EDITORS
Hale Champion, John Erlewine, Robert Mantho,
Irving. Jaffe, Robert Preiskel
Business Staff

Edward Perlberg
Fred M. Ginsberg
Morton Hunter

. . . Business Manager
.Associate Business Manager
. . Publications Manager

NIGHT EDITOR: HALE CHAMPION
The editorials published in The Michigan
IDaily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
only.
ndian Independence
Must Await Victory...
TrHE REFUSAL of the All-India Con-
gress Party to compromise in its de-
minds for immediate union and independence
i India, can certainly be understood and justi-
tild from the standpoint of native leaders, but
if consideration is extended to include world
events, it must be realized that the danger which
their refusal to cooperate is presenting may well
destroy their chances for independence, as well
as the war effort of the United Nations.
SIndian leaders do not trust England, and they
cannot be castigated for their lack of confidence,
but they should realize that by refusing to accept
the British promise' of post-war union and do-
miniofi status they are exposing themselves to
domination by Japan, perhaps not a worse mas-
ter than England, but one which certainly will
not be deposed. India has the promise of Eng-
land;'they could probably get further assurances
from the United States and Russia.
Independence now, the granting of the Indian
defense effort to national leaders, might well
lead to a more chaotic condition than that now
confi'onting the British. The, Moslem minority.
,Ofs 901000,000 perons,. the Sihk groups, would
certainly rebel against control by Hindu Con-
gress Party, and they would be fighting against
an rinestablished, disorganized group. The na-
ive leaders *lack the experience of British rulers
andwould probably inspire no more confidence
in the minority groups.
FORCED.TO CHOOSE between passive resis-
tance which manifests itself in strikes, rioting
end bloodshed, and leaving India disorganized
kiith a rebellious Moslem minority, the British,
h ave elected to keep control, to try and force the
Hindu leaders to wait for the end of the war.
That seems, to us, the most sensible course of
action.
This insistence upon the immediate granting
of. independence has been attributed by Prof.
Eoward M. Ehrmann, of the history department
to the Congress Party's desire to establish itself
in a position which will assure them of being in
control after the war If it is true that the pres-
°t conflict has-arisen because the Hindu party
4 afraid of a government after the war which
will represent the minorities in India, the Party
actionis even more reprehensible.
It is doubtful that the British will be able to
adequately defend Egypt, India from a Japanese
attack, and bolster the Russians in case of a
break through in the Caucasus without coopera-
tion from India. The whole Misddle East may be
lost unless the Indian people are united and will-
ing to get behind the war effort,
T HE INDIAN PEOPLE are confidet that
the British will try to defend India in
Any case. If the British are to handle the de-
*fense, the most sensibId thing seems to be
keeping them in control. Gandhi and his fol-
lowers should content themselves with the
British p 'ofnises and- further guarantees,
should not attempt to use the war effort to
get control of the country which ignores the
minorities, should realize that their best
bet, and ours, is the defeat of the Axis..
All post-war planning, all governmental or-
ganization depends on that defeat.
- Robert Priskel
Where We're Neutral
American armed forces .in India have been
ordered, the State Department announces, to

WASHINGTON: Inside fact about the attack
on the Solomon Islands is that it was very care-
fully planned six weeks in advance, and was dif-
ferent from any other naval action in the Pacific.
U. S. Naval raids on the Gilbert and Marshall
Islands were hit and run affairs. There our Navy
had no idea of enemy strength, but depended on
quick surprise hits and speedy withdrawal.
o In the battle of the Coral Sea also, we were
able to take the Japs by surprise. And in the bat-
tle of Midway, we knew the enemy was coming,
while the Japs did not know we knew.
But in the Solomon Islands battle, our recon-
naissance planes had made advance surveys and
we knew fairly accurately the size of the enemy-
knew also that we were up against a tough job
that would exact heavy cost.-
There is every reason to believe, too, that the
Japs knew about our preparations, because troop
transports cannot be loaded and brought within
striking distance without enemy scouting planes
sighting them. Therefore, this was a real test in
more ways than one.
For instance, this was the first time land, air
and sea forces all have cooperated in a single
striking force.
Upon the final outcome of that cooperation
will depend whether the United States follows
the advice of many high Army-Navy strategists
and concentrates more on the Pacific than on
Europe.
Capital Chaf
Madame Secretary Perkins recently put in a
bid for an apartment already reserved for a
young naval officer. Apartments are scarce, but
being a member of the cabinet, she got it. Later
it turned out that she didn't want the apartment
after all, merely used her name to help a friend.
The young naval officer she ousted was the son
of Undersecretary of State Welles.. .Gov. Hol-
land of Florida, Herbert Bayard Swope, chairman
of the New York State Racing Commission, and
Thomas R. Underwood, editor of the Lexington,
Ky. Leader in the heart of the blue-grass racing
region, told the Senate Finance Committee they
did not oppose taxes on racing, but that this was
a state matter. Federal racing taxes, they said,
invoked the law of diminishing returns. . .In the
middle of these hectic war days, the -President
took a minute off to send a letter of appreciation
to an old friend who had established generous
scholarships for students at a North Carolina
college. .
Women Influence ;history
All through history, from Helen of Troy to the
Duchess of Windsor, women have influenced the
tides of fate. And if it had not been for a woman
in the life of Gen. Douglas MacArthur he prob-
ably would not have been in a position to per-
Put Teeth
In Sahotage Laws .. .
7TOT LONG AFTER six of the eight
Nazi saboteurs were electrocuted and
the papers had turned to bannering the U. S.
offensive on the Solomon Islands, Attorney Gen-
eral Francis Biddle said he would ask Congress
to impose harsher penalties for conspiracy to
commit sabotage and to harbor or assist sabo-
teurs. To most people, the Attorney General's
statement came as a mild surprise. They had
naturally taken it for granted that the laws took
care of serious crimes and cracked down hard on
those who sympathized too much with the enemy
in war-time.
As a matter of fact, Biddle was merely point-
ing out something that you could expect to find
in a country suddenly plunged into total war,
especially in a country practicing democracy.
The United States has lived a long time, has
made a lot of mistakes which history books won't
let posterity forget. And the leniency of our sab-
otage laws, though surprising at first, must be
looked upon as just another error we haven't yet
gotten around to correcting. The war caught us
off guard, true. And we are a country which too
often leans over backwards to be democratic.
Leniency is one of many methods by which we
try to be democratic.

O THE ATTORNEY GENERAL'S statement
shouldn't be wond'ered at. Biddle said that
sabotage in war-time is punishable by a maxi-
mum sentence of thirty years and a $10,000 fine,
or both. But conspiracy-to commit sabotage must
be tried under the general conspiracy statute,
with a maximum penalty of imprisonment for
two years or a $10,000 fine, or both.
NOR IS THERE any special statute punishing
the harboring or concealing of persons who
have committed sabotage. The general statute
under which such an offense is tried provides a
maximum penalty of three years' imprisonment
or -a $500 fine, or both. Because the sabotage
laws are so ridiculously lenient, the government
is- unable to prosecute the fourteen aides to the
saboteurs for treason. Instead, the government
must do its best to trump up a charge that will
imprison them for the longest possible time.
It might not be a bad idea for Congress to give
Biddle what he wants. Of course, you know and
I know that the government won't let little legal
technicalities get in the way of the serious bus-
iness of winning the war. But if the sabotage
laws were given teeth of their own to bite with.

form his heroic defense of the Philippines and
command Australia today._
Just after the last war, the belle of Washing-
ton society was vivacious Louise Brooks, step-
daughter of the millionaire Edward T. Stotes-
bury, a partner of J. P. Morgan. She was the
toast of Washington. Gen. Pershing, just re-
turned from France. was one of her most de-
voted attendants. Admiral Beatty, hero of the
battle of Jutland, was another.
Once, after a dinner at Mrs. Marshall Field's
both Pershing and Beatty escorted Louise to her
car, nearly had an altercation over who was to
take her home.
But Gen. MacArthur, then superintendent of
West Point, stepped in and married the lady.
shortly thereafter, Gen. Pershing, not at all ha:
pyi over MacArthur's victory, transferred him to
the Philippines.
MacArthur and his wife were stationed in the
Philippines for several years. And although the
marriage later ended in divorce, it was MacAr-
thur's tour of duty in Manila which acquainted
him with Filipino leaders and later brought
about his return as Field Marshal of the Philip-
pine Army.
If Pershing or Lord Beatty had married the
lady, history might have been different.
Solomon Islands Strategy
What the Navy was up against in the battle
of the Solomon Islands was the little known fact
that the Japs were fortifying the islands at
break-neck speed. Working night and day the
Japs have been building runways, gasoline tanks,
anti-aircraft installations.
Since the Solomons extend down near the
supply route between Hawaii and Australia, they
have been a direct menace to U.S. shipping and
the trans-Pacific air line. Therefore it was up
to the Navy to move before the Japs became too
deeply entrenched. Moreover, Japanese activi-
ties in the Solomon Islands were typical of their
zeal in other South Pacific islands, in many of
which they have been spending 24 hours a day
with bulldozers and tractors leveling runways
and fortifying harbors. All of this was going on
during the lull after the battle of Midway and
during the monsoon rains in India.
Bildnts Should Reflect
Pre~senCivilization.
P EOPLE TODAY SPEND over one
half of their life time in buildings.
The economic value of buildings is also of di-
rect concern to the thousands of owners. Yet,
when it becomes necessary to producenew build-
ings we have invariably turned back to historical
examples.
Why, when we need a new automobile, don't
we reproduce the body of a Maxwell and add a
twelve cylinder Lincoln motor? We modernize
kitchen equipment, simplify furniture, and add
new mechanized forms of air conditioning and
heating, yet the outside structure resembles the
Babylonian temple or the early American colon-
ial type. University buildings, as well, continue
to grope blindly in the medieval and Renaissance
strain.
EVEN ON OUR OWN CAMPUS the same holds
true. Angell Hall serves as an excellent exam-
ple. Many people point out Angell Hall as one
of the most beautiful buildings on the campus.
Why? Simply because the person who drew the
plans was an expert at interpreting and repro-
ducing the works of the Greeks and Romans.
The facade of Angell Hall, if built in the sixth
century, would have been a commendable job.
Today it remains of little more than archaeolo-
gical value.
However, in any building the elements of func-
tion, structure, and beauty should never be for-
gotten. We have seen the tendencies to over-
emphasize function to the ridiculous. The same
is true of structure and history illustrates the
periods of over-emphasis of beauty. The problem
of today suggests a need for the balance of the
three.
It is evident that with changes in transporta-
tion, industry, and social values buildingfacili-
ties must maintain the same stride as the ad-

vances in technology. We have failed to see the
value of this. Consequently, we have been con-
fronted with problems of blight, slums, traffic
jams, and other bottle-necks which have re-
sulted from the attempt to adapt our modern
civilization to an outworn pattern.
W HEN THE ELEVATOR was invented we were
not content to use it on ten, twenty; or even
thirty floors. Instead we pulled civilization above
the clouds and neglected function. Today the
top third or half of many skyscrapers remain un-
finished.
The skyscrapers will stand as monuments to
our incapability to realize the place of function.
The skyscrapers, too, will' symbolize our former
prosperity as well as having provided a handy,
jumping-off place for many after the 1929 crash.
Buildings, therefore, reflect the thinking of
their day. The Egyptians and Grecians under-
stood and expressed themselves in the 'symbol-
ism of their temples much better than we can
ever hope to understand the reason for using
their styles in our banks and insurance buildings.
The American architecture of our era should de-
nif +the A[imr+rn.rv of txhe+TTvtifA n.tpc inAe

FRIDAY, AUGUST 14, 1942
VOL. LII No. 43-S
All Notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
summer Session before 3:30 p.m. of thr
dary preceding its publication except on
Saturday, when the notices should be
submitted before 11:30 am.
A c'cdein ic JNIotic es
College of Literature. Science, and
The Arts. and Architecture; Schools
of Education, Forestry, Music and
Public Health.: Summer Session stu-
dents wishing a transcript of thi5
summer's work only should file a re-
quest in Room 4 U. H. several days
before leaving Ann Arbor. Failure
to. file this request before the end
of the session will result in a need-
less delay of several days.
The Storehouse Building will act
as a receiving center for scrap rub-
ber and also metals. Any depart-
ment on the Campus having metals
or rubber to dispose of.for defense
purypses, please call Ext. 337 or, 317
and the materials will be picked up
by the trucks which make regular
janitors is available to collect the
campus deliveries. Service of the
materials from the various rooms in
the buildings to be delivered to the
receiving location.
E. C. Pardon

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"Sis is all right for an evening-but you just oughta have to
live here all the time without a uniform."

Carillon Programs: The bell cham-
ber of the Burton Memorial Tower
will be open to visitors interested in
observing the playing of the carillon
from 12 noon to 12:15 p.m. daily
from Monday, August 10, through
Friday, August 14, at which time
Professor Percival Price, University
Carillonneur, will present an infor-
mal program.
Manuscripts for the summer Hop-
wood contest must be in the Hop-
wood Room by 4:30 p.m. this Friday,
August 14.
R. W. Cowden
Are you interested in speaking
Spanish fluently? The Spanish Table
meets Monday through Friday until
the end of the Summer Session in
Room 103 of the Michigan Union to
afford just such practice to those
who are interested. Reservations may
be made in the Romance Languages
department office.
Graduate Students in Speech:
Qualifying examinations in Speech
in the following six fields: (1) Rhet-
oric. and Oratory, (2) Argumenta-
tion and Debate, (3) History of the
Theater, (4) Radio, (5) Speech Sci-
ence, (6) Practical Theater-will be
given Friday, August 14, at 2 p.m.
in room 4203 Angell Hall.
DoctoralhExamination for Bun-
liang Tamthai; field: Anatomy; the-
sis: "The Nuclear Pattern of the
Non-Tectal Portionshof the Mink
Midbrain," will be held on Thurs-
day, August 13, in 3502 East Medical,
at 1:30 p.m. Chairman, E. C. Crosby.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doc-
toral candidates to attend, the ex-
amination and he may grant per-
missionto those who for sufficient
reason might wish to be present.
Doctoral Examination for Richard
Gildart Fowler; field: Physics; the-
sis: "A Study of the Mechanisms In-
volved in the Production of Radia-
tion in the Low Voltage Arc, will be
held on Friday, August 14, in East
Council, Rackham, at 3:00 p.m.
Chairman, O. S. Duffendack.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doc-
toral candidates to attend the ex-
amination and he may grant permis-
sion to those who for sufficient rea-
son might wish to be present.
Faculty, Summer Session, College
of Literature, Science and the Arts:
It is requested by the Administrative
Board that all instructors who make
reports of Incomplete or Absent from
Examination on grade-report-sheets
give also information showing the
character of the part of the work
which has been completed. This may
be done by use of the symbols, I(A),
X(D), etc.
Students and Faculty, Summer
Session; College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: The attention of
students and faculty is called to the
Similar To World W'ar I
he Russians have drawn a paral-
lel between this war and World War
I in their unceasing campaign for a
second front against Hitler. Gen.
Shilovsky, who accompanied Molo-
tov to Washington, has written in
the Soviet military-journal Red Star
that German strategic plans in
World War I :were upset when the
Russians attacked East Prussia and
forced the enemy to concentrate
large forces on the Eastern front.
This military action, he says, con-
tributed to the French-British vic-
tory on the Marne in 1914.
Gen. Shilovsky points out that de-
spite the fact that Russian resistance
collapsed in 1917 and the Brest-

1:

following regulation of the College:
It should be noted that a report of
X (absent from examination) doesi
not guarantee a make-up examina-i
tion. An instructor must, in fairness
to those who take the final exami-;
nation at the time announced for it,,
give make-up examinations only to7
students who have a legitimate rea-
son for absence.
Events Today '
Ellen Lambert, mezzo-soprano, willr
sing German, French and English
songs at her recital at 8:30 p.m.
tonight in the Assembly Hall of the
Rackham Building. Miss Lambert is
a student of Arthur Hackett and is+
giving her recital in partial fulfill-
ment of the requirements for the de-
gree of Master of Music. The pro-i
gram is open to the general public.
H. M. S. Pinafore, comic opera by
Gilbert and Sullivan, will be given
tonight at the MendeJssohn Theatre,
and will run through Saturday night,
with an additional performance on
Monday, August 17th. This produc-
tion will be staged by the Michigan 1
Repertory Players of the Department
of Speech in conjunction with the
School of Music and the University1
Symphony Orchestra. Tickets are on
sale daily from 10:00 a.m. to 8:30
p.m. at the theatre box office.-
First Presbyterian Church:
Westminster Student Guild-So-.
cial evening in the Social Hall of the
church. This will be Game-Night.-
Come in and bring your friends.
Dancing, Friday and Saturday'
nights at the MichiganLeagueufrom
9-12 p. m. Come with or without a;
partner."
Library:
1, Students enrolled in the eight
weeks summer session and having in
their possession books .drawn from;
the University, are notified that such
books are due Wednesday, August 19.
2. The names of all students en-
rolled in the eight weeks summer ses-
sion who have not cleared their rec-
ords at the Library by Friday, August
21, will be sent to the Recorder's Of-
fice where their semester's credits
will be held up until such time as said
records are cleared, i compliance
with the regulations of the Regents.
WARNER G. RICE
Director
Wesley Foundation: Recreation for
all students tonight. Picnic supper on
the Island, leaving the church at
6:15. Cost: 20c. Baseball, badminton,
and games at 7:30 on the ball field.
After dark, folk dancing on the light-
ed church lawn, followed by refresh-
ments, ping pong, and social dancing.
Come to all or part of the fun. Res-
ervations for the picnic must be
made at the office (6881) by Friday
noon.
Coming Events
Henry Wenzel, violinist, will pre-
sent, a recital in partial fulfillment
of the requirements for the degree
of Master of Music at 8:30 p.m., Sat-
urday, August 15, in the Assembly
Hall of the Rackham Building. Mr.
Wenzel is' head of the string and
wind instruments department at
Mary Hardin-Baylor College,. Belton,
Tex., and a student under Professor
Wassily Besekirsky. His program, in-
cluding compositions -by Bruch, de
Falla and Franck, will be open to
the public.
Methodist Students: The work hol-
iday scheduled for this Saturday has
been postponed.
Choral Vespers on Sunday eyening,
August 16. The Summer Session

Farms Sunday afternoon. August
16th. All members and those inter-
ested in the Association are cordially
invited to attend. We will leave from
the tteps of the Rackham Building
at 4:00 p. m. Iced drinks will be sold
at the Farms and ice cream, will be
provided without charge. There are
facilities for cooking. A small charge
will be made to cover transportation
costs. Reservations should be made
by Friday at the main desk of the
Union, the Social Director's Office
of the League, or the Bulletin Boards
of the Main Library, Lane Hall, and
International Center.
Members of the Graduate Outing
Club will go to Clear Lake county
park west of Chelsea Sunday for
swimming, boating, and hamburgers.
Cost is 40c. Meet at the northwest
door of the Rackham Building at
2:30 p. m. Those who have cars
please leave name at Rackham lobby
desk by Saturday noon.
Pauline Slonecker, a student of pi-
ano under Professor Brinkman, has
planned a program of Mozart, Bee
thoven, Debussy and Brahms for her
recital in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the degree of Mas
ter of Music. It will be given at 4:15
p. m. Monday, August 17 in the
Rackham Assembly Hall. The public
is invited.
Student Recital: Mary Jane Mor-
ris, pianist, will give her recital In
partial fulfillment of the require-
ments for the degree of Master of
Music at 8:30 p. m. Monday, Augu'
17, .in the Rackham Assembly Hall
The program will include works b,
Blahms, Mendelssohn, Beethoven
and 'Chopin, and is open to the gen- -
eral public.
Choir Concert: The University of
Michigan Summer ' Session Choir,
Maynard Klein, director, will pre-
sent a special concert at 8:30 p. m.
Wednesday, August 19, in Hil-l Audi-
torium. Mr. Klein has arranged a
program including four first per-
formances on the campus, and fea-
turing the works of Palestrin4,
Thomas Morley, Brahms, Delius, R.
Vaughan Williams and Randall
Thompson, in addition to a composi-
tion by Blair McClosky, guest in-
structor of the School of Music. The
public is invited.
Secondary School Theatre: "Time
for. Romance", a three-act comedyby
Alice Gerstenberg, will be presented
by the Secondary School Theatre of
the Department of Speech at 8:30
p. m. Wednesday, in the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre. Admission will be
free. As only a limited number of
seats will be available, patrons in-
terested in this production ate urged
to come early. The doors will be
closed as soon as the theatre is full.
Doors open at 8 p. m.
Master's Breakfast: Those receiv-
ing invitations to the Master's Break-
fast Sunday morning, August 16,
should call for their tickets at the
Office of the Summer Session, Room
1213 Angell Hall by this afternoon
at-4:30.
Cooperation between the Teahing
Profession and Lay Groups, by-J. B.
Edmonson, Dean of the School of
Education. Monday, August 17th.
4:05 p. m. University High Auditor-
ium.
The School in the New Defense
Com unity, by Claude Eggertsen,
Assistant " Professor of Education.
Tuesday, August 18th. 4:05 p. m.
Univefsity High 'Auditorium.
Oriental Colonization in Latin
America, *by Professor Robert B. Hall
of the University Geography Depart-

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