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'Ar, JUJJLY 17, J.1'*
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By DREW PEARSON
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Edited and managed by students of the University of
b ichiganunder the authority of the .Board in Control
of- Student Publications. -
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NIGHT EDITOR: IRVING JAFFE
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Fresh Air Camp
Deserving Of Support.. ..
S END A BOY TO CAMP is Ann Ar-
bor's slogan today, and about 90
boys will pour into town to solicit funds for the
organization which has given them four weeks
of good food, fun and a better chance to become
They are counting on you to give other needy
boys an opportunity to get away from city
streets, grime and heat for a vacation at Pat-
thrson Lake. And they are counting on you to
see that one of the most unique projects in hu-
man engineering, designed to divert the vitality
of youth into the right channels, can keep up
the good work it has been doing for 21 years.
Don't let them down!
C~ - Robert Pre sel
Blackout Is Lesson
To Complacent Ann Arbor
FOR A FEW MINUTES LAST NIGHT
the reality of war invaded compla-
cent, ivory-towered Ann Arbor, as the area's first
test blackout was held.
For a few minutes the grimness of the fierce
struggle was not merely something which is read
about in the papers or heard over the radio.
For a few minutes Ann Arborites really knew
that in Russia and in Egypt, on the Atlantic and
on the Pacific, people are living and dying in a
hell of bullets and torpedoes.
And most of all, the people of Ann Arbor knew
last night that civilians in England, in France
and in Germany are living on borrowed time
under the constant threat of bombing.
But all that was for only a quarter of an
hour last night. When the all-clear signal
sounded, the lights went back on again, and
once more Ann Arbor was as completely shel-
tered from the world of war as Shangri-La.
.It became again a quiet University town,
where professors with briefcases and students
armed with books stroll leisurely along campus
walks, and where townspeople live the undis-
t-urbed life of folks in all Midwestern towns. The
war became as far away as it has always been.
FCOURSE, Ann Arbor has the usual civilian
defense setup-as last night's blackout indi-
cated. It has its CDVO, its air raid wardens and
its various women's: corps. It has all the exter-
nals, all the paraphernalia of war precautions.
But it doesn't have the most important thing.
It doesn't have the awareness that a globe-
encircling war is being waged which involves
its 30,000 people as vitally as it involves the
people of Stalingrad or London.
Civilian defense is a game to be played by
.wmen on their off-hours and an amusing sub-
stitute for bridge in the case of women. It
takes something like a blackout, which affects
everyone, for Ann Arborites to realize what
war CAN be like for them and what it IS like
for the people of Europe and Asia.
This attitude of indifferent complacency is
not confined to Ann Arbor; it seems to affect
dthe whole of the Midwestern area. The strong-
hold of pre-December 7th isolation cannot real-
ize that it is no longer isolated from the world
There is no reason to be panicky-that is at
least as bad as complacency. But the Midwest
WASHINGTON-Recent losses on the Russian
front are more serious even than they appear on
To understand the situation fully it is neces-
sary to know some of the developments which
took place in Russia during recent months. These
give the key to the Russians' rapid retreats and
the possible effect on the U.S.A.
First, in the battle of Kharkov, where Marshal
Timoshenko took the offensive last spring to
head off a Nazi offensive, it now develops that
Russian losses were serious-especially in tanks
and airplanes. The gamble was worth taking
because if it had succeeded a wedge would have
been driven between the German armies. How-
ever, it failed, and the Russians have been feel-
ing the loss of tanks and material ever since.
Second, it now develops that there were heav-
ier losses of materials than generally realized
during the fighting last winter, when the Rus-
sians were trying to reestablish their lines.
Third, it is now no secret that losses of U.S.
supplies sent around Norway to Russia have
been very serious indeed. An American seaman
on one of these ships recently revealed that his
ship was attacked every day of the voyage ex-
cept on Hitler's birthday. Added to this, the
port of Murmansk has now been bombed to "a
. So, the key to Russian retreats is lack of tanks,
planes, artillery. Also, with the long hours of
daylight, obviously it will be increasingly diffi-
cult, if not impossible, to get large convoys
through to Russia.
Naturally this leads to only one conclusion;
if heavy shipments cannot be sent direct to Rus-
sia, the next best strategy is to use those sup-
plies in the hands of U.S.-British troops over a
shorter, safer sea route-namely, for a second
front. And since the Russians long have wanted
a second front, it is not surprising that they
want it more than ever today. Such a front may
be the only way to prevent Hitler from taking
the Caucasus and most of Russia.
This is the biggest, most immediate and cru-
cial problem the President and his military
chiefs now have to face.
WPB Boss Donald Nelson got a sharp going
over from the Senate Appropriations Commit-
tee when he testified regarding his annual bud-
get requirements, especially on synthetic rubber
and failure to make use of the quickest rubber
processes. Nelson tried to explain that syn-
thetic rubber was a complicated business.
"You're supposed to 'be complicated enough to
deal with complicated problems," snapped Sena-
tor McKellar of Tennessee.
Note:-Nelson expressed doubt about the wis-
dom of developing sponge iron, was told that it
was necessary to take chances in wartime in or-
der to win battles.
One reason millions of young Americans are
serving in the ai'med forces is to protect our
democratic right to vote. Yet, it is an ironical
fact that a great many men in the Army and
Navy will themselves be denied the right to vote
this year because of the obstructive antics of a
group of politics-as-usual boys on Capitol Hill.
A bloc of poll-tax-state congressmen, led by
noisy Gene Cox of Georgia, so far has been able
to prevent action on a bill, sponsored by Repre-
sentative Robert L. Ramsay of West Virginia,
which would make it possible for service men to
vote. This bloc puts the poll-tax, by which a
part of the South in effect is disfranchised,
ahead of votes for service men.
Ramsay's bill would waive registration require-
ments for soldiers, sailors and marines and hold
special "absentee" elections in camps and naval
bases 21 days before the regular election. Every
man in the military service, stationed in the
U.S.A., would have a chance to cast his ballot.
Registration is the chief stumbling block to
soldier-voting because of the redtape involved
in getting blanks through the mail and swearing
to an affidavit of citizenship. Also, a number
of states do not permit registration by mail, thus
making voting impossible for many service men
who have become 21 since induction.
In the last war, some states got around this
by sending officials to camps to register absentee
voters; but this is a costly and cumbersome pro-
Ramsay's bill was unanimously approved by
the House Elections Committee and has over-
whelming support in both the House and Senate.
But this powerful backing can't express itself
unless the bill can be brought up for action.
Right there is where Cox of Georgia and his gang
got in their undercover obstructive licks.
When the measure came up before the Rules'
Comm-ittee for a rule to place it before the House,
Cox and his close pal, Representative Howard
Smith of Virginia, another Old Guard poll-taxer,
threw a monkey wrench. They are ranking mem-
bers of this key committee and have the power
to keep the Ramsay bill bottled up.
Smith has attempted to justify his opposition
on the high plane of "States' rights." But Cox
makes no bones about why he is against the bill.
"This is another attack on the poll-tax," he
stormed. "I strongly disapprove of it."
Actually, Ramsay's bill does not nullify the
poll-tax where states require the payment of
such a tax.
In Fayetteville, Tenn., the Defense Recreation
rop Aireraft Company has evolved a new welding
process that is claimed will revolutionize plane
making. The new method will permit the con-
struction of all-magnesium planes. Magnesium
is one-third lighter than aluminum.. . The OPA
soon will crack down on a number of tire re-
cappers on charges of incompetent workmanship
and waste of vital materials.
IT'S STRANGE how you meet people in droves.
Maybe for a while it's nurses who've got
apartments where you can go and sit on chintz
daybeds and drink beer or talk over the intrica-
cies of maternity wards and appendectomies.
Then again sometimes you meet sorority girls
who don't know the value of money or Bohemians
who worry their mothers. Sometimes I spend
whole weeks around The Daily just calling every-
For a week now I've been meeting young actors
or actors-to-be if you prefer. Delicate fellows
who flunk fine arts but talk a lot in class if only
to try their accents.
The boys are small and have eyes the color of
their hair. They talk about looking "theatre"
and some of them do, but the girls are tall and
boney. They say that their "looks" aren't for
the movies but heels do "wonders" for the stage.
LIKE these kids, don't get the idea that I
don't. There's a kindergarten teacher I know
who came back to prove her talent one way or
another, and she's so sweet I want to protect her
from the world and I'm not much good along
that line. Then there's a boy who lives next door
to me in my home town who says he's going to
-put the place on the map. We've always gotten
What bothers me is their professed antipathy
for the screen. That I don't understand. Prob-
ably a sand farm Michigander shouldn't talk on
this subject but I'm interested. I've seen my share
of Cornell and even saw Hayes once. I've been
to New York and walked up and down Broadway
but with all this worldliness it has always seemed
to me that motion pictures marked an advance
in theatre art. No one wants seriously to return
to a barn-like replica of Shakespeare's Globe,
and that, to my mind, is entirely analogous to
the relationship between the screen and the
THE HANDICAP of being a real person facing
footlights and a real audience has always
seemed to me almost impossible to overcome,
maybe it's a test of talent, but I believe what I
see and it's hard for me to believe a stage play.
Probably I've gotten to used to close-ups and
outdoor scenes, horses that don't fold in the mid-
dle and water that splashes.
Any actor in Hollywood can reach amuch
greater audience than a stage player can ever
hope to reach. Nearly everyone has seen Bette
Davis, but how many people do you know who've
seen Helen Hayes? Why bring "C" movie stars
to Lydia Mendelssohn with all their greyhounds
and poodles and call them great actors?
Of course movies are still upstarts in the
world of the theatre. The great tradition of the
legitimate stage is still to be fought. But some-
times it seems to me that Valentine Windt's
proteges are just the ones to fight and it worries
me when in all their artiness they say that
movies aren't art.
May's Optimism Dangerous
REPRESENTATIVE Andrew J. May's remark-
able utterance that the war would probably
end in 1942 and unquestionably in 1943 is caus-
ing a lot of nail-biting around the War Depart-
ment and among his colleagues in the House.
May is chairman of the House Military Affairs
Committee and considered one of the ablest
legislators who ever held this responsible post in
the government. He isn't usually given to sound-
ing off without reason. That makes his wildly
optimistic statement all the more dangerous.
By virtue of his chairmanship of this important
wartime committee it cannot be said that his
remarks are suspected of having either a politi-
cal or a wacky tinge. tie commands attention
by the political and military height from which
May said flatly that he made the statement
on the basis of secret military information. It
is unavoidable that he should be roundly criti-
c.zed for making public such information if,
indeed, it is true.
Our military commanders are displeased with
May and his obviously thoughtless outburst be-
cause they definitely do not want to see a re-
currence of the unfounded wave of optimism
which swept this country following the RAP
raids on Cologne and the battle of Midway.
May's statement is calculated to support such
an undesirable state of affairs. Because the
public was in such high spirits after Midway,
the Axis successes in Libya, Rusia and on the
Atlantic hit them much harder than would ordi-
narily have been the case. Such extreme ups
and downs are recognized as bad for morale.
To THE EDITOR
To the Editor:
Yesterday's letter to the editor by
George E. Copple made three points,
only one of which was answered ade-
quately by the managing editor in
the column, "The Pointed Pen." The
editor's reply clearly revealed the
pseudo-logic inherent in the first
point made by Mr. Copple to the ef-
fect that "racial differentiation is
different from racial discrimination."
Although we do not agree with Mr.
Copple's second point that "the bi-
racial school system of the South is
far more humane and realistic than
that of the North," we do feel that a
valid criticism is made of the North-
ern educational system for its ex-
clusion of Negroes from the teaching
profession. We too wonder why there
are no "Negro teaching fellows, lab
and departmental assistants, and li-
brary staff men" here at the Univer-
sity of Michigan. Is it too much to
expect not merely this, but even an
occasional Negro professor on the
faculty; or does our democratic edu-
cational system preclude such a pos-
sibility? Progress for us lies in this
direction, not in the outmoded and
unjust "bi-racial school system of
Denounce Intellectual Disparity
Mr. Copple concludes his letter by
further rationalizing his thesis of
the desirability of "racial differentia-
tion." He states that "the Southern
Negro, if put in schools with white
children, would learn far less rapidly
than he now does, for his economic,
cultural, and social position would
still be inferior and he would feel
this at every turn." Can anyone
truthfully say that a Negro child of
five is culturally inferior to a white
child of the same age? For what cul-
ture has anyone acquired at this age?
Granted that both are given equal
educational opportunities in the same
schools for the same period of time
would any cultural inferiority develop
to significant degree? If such an as-
sertion is made, then it can be based
only on a scientifically disproved be-
lief that the Negro is intellectually
inferior. This attitude is implicit in
Mr. Copple's statement that "the
speed of the class and the manner
of the teaching instead of being reg-
ulated at his (the Negro's) level,
would be fixed for the class average."
Bi-Racialism Prevents Rise
It is true that the Negro is eco-
nomically in a lower position in our
society. Deprived of all opportuni-
ties of advancement, he is kept in
the status of a poor laborer. Only by
an equality of opportunity can the
Negro better himself. Bi-racialism
is maintained in order to see that the
Negro cannot rise.
it is fitting in these trying times
when the, happiness of the entire
American people is at stake, of all
peoples in fact, that full equality be
secured by the Negroes. The time
has passed when rationalizations of
such an undemocratic practice as
racial discrimination are any longer
to be believed.
Anthony Stampolis, of the
Race Relations Committee
of the Rackham Building, Friday
evening, July 17 at 7:15.
Women Students wishing to elect
classes in Archery, Badminton, Body
Conditioning, Elementary and Inter-
mediate Tennis, Golf, Elementary
Swimming, and Tap Dancing are
urged to register in Room 15, Bar-
bour Gymnasium this week. No reg-
istrations will be taken after this
Department of Physical Ed.
Finance, by Prof. Arthur B. Moehl-
man, Tuesday at 2 p.m. in the Uni-
versity High School Auditorium.
Weekly Review of the War by Pro-
fessor Howard M. Ehrmann, Deport-
ment of History-Tuesday at 4:15
in the Rackham Amphitheatre. The
public is invited.
Lectures on Statistical Methods.
Professor J. Neyman of the Univer-
sity of California will give the first
of a series of three mathematically
non-technical lectures on "Methods
of Sampling," on Thursday, July 23,
at 8:00 p.m., in 3011 Angell Hall.
Mechanical Engineering 35.
class will not be held Friday,
FRIDAY, JULY 17, 1.942
VOL. LII No. 23-S
All Notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
Summer Session before 3:30 p.m. of the
day preceding its publication except on
Saturday, when the notices should be
submitted before 11:30 a.m.
All notices for the D.O.B. either by
mail or phone, should be submitted
to the Office of the Summer Session,
Room 1213 Angell Hall, during the
Summer Term and the Summer Ses-
sion, and not to the Office of Dr.
Frank E. Robbins or of the Michigan
Daily in the Publications Building.
Psychology 31. For those who
missed the recent bluebook a make-
up will be given Monday, July 20, at
7 p.m. in room 1121 N.S.
B. D. Thuma'
Deans, Department Chairman, Ad-
visers and Counselors. Important new
information relative to occupational
deferment of students preparing in
critical fields has just been received
by the President's Office. This in-
formation is being mimeographed
for immediate distribution to you.
University War Board, Infor-
All members of the 1940 and 1941
Curriculum Workshops are asked to
Doctoral Examination for Robert
G. Picard; field: Physics; thesis
"Studies on the Structure of Thin
Metallic Films by Means of the Elec-
tron Microscope," will be held on Fri-
day, July 17, in West Council, Rack-
ham, at 4:00 p.m. Chairman, 0. S.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doc-
toral candidates to attend the ex-
amination and he may grant permis-
sion to those who for sufficient reas-
on- might wish to be present. .
C. S. Yoakum
All Summer Terni Students who
have not secured their identifica-
tion cards may ,call for them at
Room 2, University Hall.
The Storehouse Building will act
as a receiving center for scrap rub-
ber and also metals. Any depart-
ment on the Campus having metals
or rubber .to dispose of for defense
purposes, please call Ext. 337 or 317
and the materials will be picked up
by the trucks which make regular
campus deliveries. Service of the
janitors is available to collect the
materials from the variousrooms in
the buildings to be delivered to the
E. C. Pardon
Faculty of the College of Litera-
ture, Science and the Arts: The five-
week -freshman reports will be due
Saturday, July 18, in the Academic
Counselors' Office, 108 Mason Hall.
Arthur Van Duren, Chairman,
Music Education: A comprehen-
sive examination in vocal and in-
strumental methods, required of all
graduate students in music educa-
tion who did not take these courses
as undergraduates at this Univer-
sity, will be given Saturday July 18,
10 to 12 a.m., Room 608, Tower.
-, David Mattern
Students, Summer Session College
of Literature, Science and the Arts:
Except under. extraordinary circum-
stances courses dropped after the
third week, Saturday, July 18, will be
recorded with a grade of E.
E. A. Walter, Assistant Dean
College of Literature, Science, and
The Arts, Schools of Education, For-
estry and Conservation, Music, and
Public Health: Students enrolled in
the regular Summer Session who re-
ceived marks of I or X at the close
of their last term of attendance (viz.,
semester or summer session) will re-
ceive a grade of E in the course un-
less this work is made up by July 29.
Students wishing an extension of
time beyond this date should file a
petition addressed to the appropriate
official in their school with Room 4
U. H., where it will be transmitted
Robert L. Williams,
A War Policy for American Schools,
t Events Today
"Thunder Rock," second offering
of the current series of plays being
given by the Michigan Repertory
Players of the Department of Speech,
tonight at 8:30 and will run through
Saturday night. Tickets are on sale
daily at the box office, Mendelssohn
Dancing at the Michigan League-
9 p.m. until 12 p.m. tonight. Come
with or without a partner.
Youth Hostel Trip. There will be
a week end trip to Saline Farms leav-
ing the Women's Athletic Building at
1:30 Saturday. Men and women stu-
dents interested in going meet at
tthis time. There will be a bicycling
group and a hiking group. Bring your
Department of Physical
Education for Women.
The Graduate Outing Club is plan-
ning a swim and supper at Delhi this
Sunday. Please sign at the desk at
Rackham by noon Friday if you plan
Sto go, telling whether you wish to
bicycle (about 8 miles) or would like
auto transportation :reserved for you.
A deposit of 25 cents is required. The
group will meet at the northwest door
of Rackham at 2:30.
Avukah plans picnic for this Sun-
day at Saline Valley Farms. The cost
will be 50 cents. Meet at 2 p.m. in
front of Hillel Foundation and plan
to be away until 10:00 p.m. The pro-
gram will consist of games, swim-
ming, meal and campfire. Only a
limited number of reservations can
be -taken; they may be made by call-
ing Netta Siegel at 2-2868. In case
. of rain, there will be a communal
supper at the foundation at 6:30.
Public Health Assembly: An As-
sembly period of all students in Pub-
lic Health will be held on Monday,
July 20th, at 4 p.m. in the Auditori-
um of the W. K. Kellogg Institute.
Dr. Haven Emerson, Nonresident Lec-
turer in Public Health Practice of
.the School of Public Health, and
Professor Emeritus of' Public Health
Practice, Columbia University, will
speak. The subject of his address
is "The Content and Purpose of Pub-
lic Health." All students in public
health are expected to be present
and others interested are welcome.
George L. Scott, Professor of Or-
gan at Illinois Wesleyan University,
will include works of Bach, Vierne,
Franck and Sowerby, as well as one
of his own compositions for organ
in his recital at 8:30 p.m. Monday,
July 20, in Hill Auditorium.- The
program is given in partial fulfill-
ment of the requirements of the de-
gree of Master of Music, and is open
to the public.
The Westminster Guild combines
with the Wesleyan Guild this Friday,
July 17th for a baseball and picnic
party. Both Guilds will meet at the