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July 27, 1940 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1940-07-27

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Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Assolated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
I Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
bubcrptions during the regular school year by carrier
$4.00; bV mail, $4.50.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939-40
Editorial Staff
Managng Editor ...............Carl Petersen
City Editor.. ............. Norman A. Schorr
Associate Editors...........Harry M. Kelsey,
Karl Kessler, Albert P. Blau-
stein, Morton C. Jampel, Su-
zanne Potter.
Business Staff,
tusiness Manager.............Jane E. Mowers
Assistant Manager .......... Irving Guttman
And 'Manana' .. .
IjT WAS SURPRISING to find the
delegate from Argentina, which so
prides itself upon being a model of Occidental
enterprise and initiative, plunging headlong, at
the Havana conference of American republics,
into a proverbial pitfall of Latin-American phil-
"Manana," said Delegate Leopoldo Melo. We
shall deal with our problems-manana. We shall
meet our challenges-mnanana. "Every day has
its cares. No human intelligence can predict
the reality of tomorrow."
This is characteristic enough of what most
Northerners regard as that South American Way.
Nevertheless, it would be unfair, in the circum-
stances, to explain Melo's attitude merely in
terms of traditional Latin-American lassitude.
For how does this attitude differ from those
presented to the world, before Munich, by Brit-
ain and France; and after Munich, by Holland
and Belgium? It may be argued that, having
observed the consequences of indolence, Argen-
tineans must now recognize to what an extent
procrastination is the thief of national honor
and human liberty. But this is to indict not only
the Argentine delegate but considerable numbers
of our own citizens, including some persons of
Objective historians, if any are left, will say
of Hitler that he achieved such dominance as
he did achieve, not because of a superior war
machine or an unscrupulous diplomacy, but
rather because the world of his opponents seemed
to succumb, all at once, to this dreadful malady
of manana. While the free nations deferred, and
waited, and hoped, Hitler acted. They waited for
something to happen. He made it happen. It
may be true, as the delegate declared, that no
gnan can read the future. But men can influence
and shape the future. Men can make the fut'ure
happen. They have done so, many times. Na-
tions, and pre-eminently our own, have won
to greatness repeatedly in this way. And unless
we are sheepishly to surrender what thus has
already been won for this nation and this hem-
isphere, we shall have to revert to this method
that we once knew so well how to employ. And
so will Argentina.
-Chicago Daily News

The Straight Dope
By Himself
EDITOR'S NOTE: We are pleased to announce where. The sad fact only remains that it does
that our Guest Columnist for today is David B. not exist. Michigan, I feel should know how
Itkin, Guest Director of the Michigan Repertory
Players, Head of the Drama School of De Paul Uni- ftua it is in this respect.
versity and a director of the Goodman Theatre of
Chicago. Mr. Itkin brings a long and varied experi- ANOTHER FACT which seems worthy of note
ence in the theatre to this column, gained by play- to me in regard to theory and practice of
ing in the principal cities of Europe and America speech and the theatre at the University of
as a member of the noted Moscow Art Theatre. Michigan is the absence of any attempt at arti-
T IS A GREAT HAPPINESS to me to be able ficiality in diction and speech. All too often those
to take this opportunity to say what I have interested in the theatre feel it incumbent upon
come to learn and to feel about the Repertory them to cultivate some sort of an affected dic-
Players and their sponsor, the Speech Depart- tion, some approach to a "cultured" accent,
ment of the University of Michigan. First, let some hint of a native speech which has been
me state my gratitude to all those who aided me disregarded or thrown away.
in my work there and especially to the members The natural speech of the individual, the
of the directing acting, and technical staffs of speech of the region from which he comes
the Players. Seldom indeed have contacts been the clarity which is native in almost all folk
so mutually pleasant. idioms constitute the best possible equip-
The most important matter I should like to nent the actor can bring to the theatre.
discuss is the unique combination, so it seems, All too often, however, schools and univer-
to me at least, of academic distinction and a very .ities try to substitute for this naturalness
living theatre at the University of Michigan. The something which may sound cultured to
University of Michigan is, of course, known all them but which an audience knows from
over the United States as one of the ten or the very first syllable to be nothing but
twelve most prominent universities in academic artificiality.
distinction. This is as it should be. The idea of
a university lacking academic values is an an- The above paragraph is not to be taken as
omolism. denying the merit of the excellent work done!
And yet, all too often I have noticed in the at Michigan in pronunciation, speech correction,
colleges and universities I have visited that etc. It is, none the less, a tribute to the natural-
ness of the speech of almost everyone with whom
while a c vI came in contact in my relationship with the
training in dramatic art, when such exists, theatre at Ann Arbor.
lacks in effectiveness. The cause for this Lest it be thought that I am concerning
condition is the fact that the theatre is not myself wholly with the good things I found at
academic. Let me say it again. The theatre Michigan let me voice here a criticism. It is a
is not academic. The theatre is alive. It is M smal te uoeheess italifor alliof
an organism with an existence of its own. small matter, but none the less vital for all of
As such it is stifled when academic bonds that. The Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre is a most
are su closely pressed around it. For this beautiful edifice. The comfort of the seats, the
reason, as well as for some others the the- spaciousness of its appointments, the richness of
tresonvellasorsme oththhntryhve its decor, all compare favorably with any theatre
atres in the universities of this country have of its type in the country. But all this comfort
all too often failed to fulfill their true mis- o t yei h onr.Btalti ofr
on*as "'se"vator " f m erincultre as- and all this elegance apparently have been con-
sion as conservators of American culture and ceived with only the audience in mind. The
as innovators of the new drama of our te actors and technical crews are left out of con-
Fortunately, this is not true at Michigan. The sideration. They are wholly without comfortable
theatre at Michigan, as exemplified by the plays dressing rooms, without adequate furnishings,
whose performances I witnessed and by the without so much;as a single sofa upon which to
rest. This is a serious defect. The comfort of
rehearsals which I attended is very much alive: the audience should, of course, be considered,
It has an enviable vitality which when combined but the comfort of the actors and technicians
with the undoubted talents of its directorial and should not be forgotten. They, not the audience,
technical staffs produces plays which are almost really constitute the theatre in its active sense.
unique in the annals of the American university Sometime I should like to see this situation
theatres. Part of this vitality is undoubtedly changed.
due to the fine enthusiasm of young people who And so goodby, I hope it is only for a time,
take part in the plays, but a large part is also to the University of Michigan and its Repertory
due to the lack of interference with the theatre Players. I have stated my thanks to the Players
by those in charge of the academic side of the and their director, but I should also like to
university. There is, in fact, no real reason why thank the Michigan audiences for their cordial
this happy combination of academic distinction reception of the productions with which I was
and theatrical vitality should not exist every- connected. Goodby and good luck.
Washington Merry-Go-Round

Grin And Bear It ... By Lichty
~ E'A -- - - 7rA ' 3
0) 1940, Chicago Times, Inc.i
Re' U. . Pat Oft All Rt. s ,
"Now Chief Big Bear and Chief Running Deer keep a sharp loookout
and let papa know when you see any bill collectors approaching!"

Hitler Busy
In Balkans.

. 0



I Interpretive:

Mr. Welles .. .
S UMNER WELLES, acting Secretary
of State, committed a piece of pre-
sumptuous meddling when he issued his blast
denouncing the "deliberate annihilation" of the
three Baltic republics. Russia may be guilty
of international brigandage in this action. But
why must the acting head of the State Depart-
ment, by publicly prodding the Soviet dictator-
ship, take the United States into a complex
foreign quarrel in which it has no business?
It is not to justify the Russian grab to point
out that this Js part of a historical process which
the United States cannot stop, even by throwing
all its resources into Europe's fiery furnace. The
Baltic republics were carved from Czarist Russia
by the peace treaties to serve as buffer states
against the Bolsheviks. Their relative helpless-
ness left them ready prey for a conquest-mad
Nazi state. Russia, realizing that day of reckon-
ing with its present ally is coming, now fortifies
its own position by seizing these strategically
important territories.
Europe's system of collective security has col-
lapsed; the small nations it once, protected are
falling one by one into their rapacious neighbor's
maws. Mr. Welles cannot reinstate that system

WASHSINGTON-Now that the job of nom-
inating presidential candidates is over, the Na-
tion's Capital is settling back to the main prob-
lem before it-that of national defense.
Both branches of the service are in the hands
of two brand new cabinet officers, both Repub-
licans, and both keeping politics strictly out of
the Army and Navy. In the case of the former,
Henry L. Stimson has a far more difficult prob-
lem on his hands than when he served as Sec-
retary of War in the Taft Administration.
He is up against the fact that for exactly
twenty years-ever since the World War-the
United States Army has been as moribund and
antiquated as the Indian forts which it still
maintains on the Western prairies.
Here is example No. 1 of what Secretary Stim-
son is up against.
If a foreign power wanted to subdue the
United States, its most logical strategic move
would be to establish a line through Detroit or
Cleveland south to the Ohio River. This would
cut the industrial East off from the agricultural
West. It would sever almost every rail line run-
ning between New York and Philadelphia to the
Middle West. It would stop iron ore shipments
from the lake regions. It would starve out New
.Yet although army officers admit this is a
strategic area they will have to defend, the over-
whelming mass of U. S. troops today is located
in the South and West in the wide open spaces
which they may never have to defend.
Big City Fighting
, Hitler has won the present war largely by mil-
itary operations inside densely populated areas.
His troops have been trained to operate in Oslo,
Rotterdam and Antwerp. Fighting in city streets
is far different from fighting on the plains of
Oklahoma, yet there are almost no troops in or
around the big cities of the Atlantic seaboard.
As a matter of fact the location of the U. S.
Army today is based not upon tactics of strat-
egy, but upon the climate. "But the weather!"
moans the average army officer when you start
talking to him about transferring to a new post
in the East.
If the high command of the U.S. Army were
awake and interested in something more than
paper defense, it would hold regular maneuvers
in the most densely populated industrial areas
of the United States, and would station a large
part of its men regularly east of the Mississip-
pi River and north of the Ohio.

sissippi and Louisiana. Seventy thousand men
maneuvered in this area for five months with
results that were sadly disappointing to Wash-
ington observers.
Most important effect of the maneuvers was
that troops deteriorated. The enlisted men were
in worse shape at the end than at the start.
Their commanding officers did not keep them
busy, did not know how to handle them in sham
For instance, Major General Walter C. Short,
commanding the Sixth Division in Louisiana,
sent his men in to defend a front 30,000 yards
wide. All a division is supposed to defend is a
front 4,000 yards wide, and in the Argonne dur-
ing the World Mar, nine divisions were con-
centrated on a line 37,000 yards wide, with many
supporting divisions behind.
After the Louisiana maneuvers were over,
Major General Herbert J. Brees, commanding
the Eighth Corps Area, remarked that the only
people to be complimented during the entire
maneuvers were the enlisted men and the
Housekeeping Troops
Example No. 3 is the army village. This is one
of the most iniquitous systems in the Army, and
most officers agree that it should be abolished.
Yet the army village remains, year after year.
The army village is a remnant of the old block-
house of Indian war days, usually situated in
the interior, far from the scene of any possible
attack from Europe or the Pacific. They are a
handicap because a modern army, in order to
be effective, must operate and maneuver in
large masses, not a few thousand men at a time.
The army village breaks up the army into
small parts, and also requires that about 40 per
cent of the enlisted men be kept busy mowing
lawns, keeping books, doing stenography, oper-
ating a motion picture show or running a com-
pany canteen. Thus the troops degenerate into
a bunch of housekeepers, not fighters.
Upside-Down Personnel System
Much of the Army's weakness derives from
Example No. 4, which is the complete inertia
engendered by the promotion system. An army
officer knows that if he is reasonably sober he
will be promoted' automatically, according to
age, no matter what else he may do. He merely
has to wait for officers ahead of him to die off.
Example 'of army weakness No. 5 is the starv-
ation method of getting recruits. The men who

All notices for the Daily Official
Bulletin are to be sent to the Office
of the Summer Session before 3:30
P.M. of the day preceding its pub-
lication except on Saturday, when
the notices should be submitted be-
fore 11:30 A.M.
Internal Combustion Engine In-;
stitute Lectures: "General Motors;
Diesel Engine" Mr. F. G. Shoemaker,
General Motors Diesel Division; and
"Diesel Engine Combustion" Mr. C.
S. Moore, National Advisory Com-
mittee for Aeronautics, to be given
at 9:00 a.m. in the Amphitheater of
the Rackham Building, today
Graduate Record Program will be
held today, July 27 in the Men's
Lounge of the Rackham Building
from 3 to 5 p.m. The program will
consist of : Citronen Waltz by Jo-
hann Straus, Italian Symphony by
Mendelsohn, Fifth Piano Concerto
(Emperor) by Beethoven and Panis
Angelicus by Franck. Richard V. Lee
will be in charge. All are invited to
Pi Lambda Theta: Formal initia-
tion and reception will be held
today, July 27, at 7:30 pm. in the
West Conference Room of the Rack-
ham Building.
"What a Life" by Clifford Gold-
smith will be given at 8:30 p.m. in
the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
This is the fifth production of the
Michigan Repertory Players of the
Department of Speech. Tickets are
available at the box-office (phone
6300): prices are 75c, 50c and 35c.
Graduate Outing Club will meet
Sunday, July 28 at 2:30 p.m. in the
rear of the Rackham Building for
an outing in the vicinity of Ann Ar-
bor. Swimming, softball and hiking.
Supper outdoors. All those having
cars are asked to kindly bring them.
All graduate students, faculty and
alumni are invited.
First Presbyterian Church. 10:45
a.m. "Living Creatively" will be the
subject of the sermon by Dr. W. P.
5:30 p.m. Vesper Services-Holy
Communion and Reception of New
First Church of Christ, Scientist,
409 So. Division St., Sunday service
at 10:30, Subject: "Truth." Sunday
School at 11:45.
Lutheran Students: Rev Yoder
conducts early services at 8:30 a.m.
every Sunday in Trinity Lutheran
Church, and Rev. Stellhorn conducts
regular services at 10:30 a.m. every
Sunday in Zion Lutheran Church.
There will be a meeting of the Lu-
theran Student Association for Lu-
theran Students and their friends
this Sunday evening for supper and
social hour. Supper will be served
at 6 p.m., and afterward Sherman
Haslett will discuss Christianity and
St. Andrews Episcopal Church-
Sunday: 8 a.m. Holy Communion;
11 a.m. Morning Prayer and Sermon
by the Rev. Henry Lewis; 11 a.m.
Kindergarten; 5 p.m. Student Picnic
at the home of the Rev, and Mrs.
F. W. Leech, 1505 Ottawa Drive. Prof.
Glenn McGeogh will speak on "Sym-
phonies". Cars will leave Harris Hall
at 5 p.m.

Michigan Christian Fellowship. You
are invited to enjoy an hour of de-
votion and inspiration with this evan-
gelical Christian Student group at1
4:30 Sunday afternoon in the Fire-x
side room of Lane Hall, Eugene Nida,1
president of the organization for the
fall term, who is on the campus toI
speak at the Linguistic Institute, will{
speak at the meeting.-
Ann Arbor Friends (Quakers). No
meeting at 5 p.m. this Sunday, be-
cause of the annual summer picnic.1
(Leaving Lane Hall at 9:30 a.m.)
Wesley Foundation. Student Class
at 9:30 a.m. in the Wesley Founda-
tion Assembly Room. Theme: The'
Bible and Literature. Leader: Mild-
red Sweet. Wesleyan Guild Meeting{
at 5:30 p.m. in the Wesley Founda-
tion Room. Refreshments and fel-
lowship followed by discussion groups
based on several current religious
First Methodist Church. Morning
Worship Service a r10:40ha.m. Dr. C.
W. Brashares will preach on "After
Death and Before." Organ recital
at 8 p.m.
Scenes from "As You Like It"; The
class in the Oral Interpretation of
Shakespeare will give a public re-
view of scenes from Shakespeare's
"As You like It" Monday, July 29,
at 7 p.m., Room 302, Mason Hall.
Anyone interested is cordially invited
to attend.
Public Health Students. There will
be a General Assembly of all Students
in the Division of Hygiene and Pub-
lic Health on Monday, July 29 at 4
p.m. in the Amphitheater of the Hor-
ace H. Rackham School of Graduate
Studies. Dr. Sundwall will preside
at the* assembly. The topic for dis-
cussion will be "Trends in Profession-
al Public Health Education." All
graduate and undergraduate stu-
dents in Public Health are request-
ed to attend.
John Sundwall, M.D.
The Men's and Women's Educa-
tion Clubs will hold their annual,
jointly-sponsored mixer in the Wo-
men'syAthletic Building at 7:30 p.m.,
Monday, July 29. There will be a
variety program of games, commun-
ity singing, and old-time and social
dancing; refreshments will be served.
An admission fee of 15c will be col-
lected at the door. Wives, husbands,
and friends are also invited to at-
Voice Recital. George Cox, baritone
of Jackson, will give a recital in par-
tial fulfillment of the requirements
of the Bachelor of Music degree,
Monday evening, July 29, at 8:15 p.
in., in the School of Music Auditor-
ium. Miss Grace Wilson of Detroit,
will be at the piano. The public is
invited to attend without admission
A trip to Put-in-Bay, Lake Erie,
will be the last Summer Session Ex-
cursion to be held on Wednesday,
July 31. Chartered buses leave for
Detroit at 7:15 a.m. from in front of
Angell Hall and will go to the steam-
er which leaves at 9 a.m. The steam-
er returns to Detroit at 8 p.m. where
the buses meet the party and arrive
in Ann Arbor at about 9:30 p.m. Ex-

Another week-end, the sixth of the
nfolding battle of Britain, finds
Adolf Hitler seemingly more con-
3erned with suppressing feuds among
aeighbors at his Balkan back-door
han with pressing his front-door
ttack on England to a showdown.
Berlin dispatches picture Hitler as
bout to take additional Balkan
tatesmen to his private mountain
op, where they may observe the new
European world of Hitlerian design,
and learn the function they are ex-
pected to serve in it.
If Hitler goes through that week-
end program, Britishers cas relax a
trifle. If they could be certain that
Hitler intended to spend the week-
end "stabilizing" Southeastern Eu-
rope against alleged British intrigue,
they could be reasonably sure that
the "great assault" on England would
be withheld further. It has been
Hitler's wont to take the field him-
self whenever he ordered his armies
to make a major attack.
English Battle Dangerous
The week-end conferences suggest,
at least, that Hitler is intent on in-
suring tranquility at his rear before
committing himself finally to a bat-
tle with England-a battle from
which he could not withdraw, once
it was started, without dangerous
loss of prestige.
There is something for Italian at-
tention in these Nazi-Balkan con-
ferences. Far back down the ages,
at a time to which Hitler's Axis mate,
Mussolini, so often refers in stirring
his people to dreams of empire, all
roads led to Rome. In the new Eu-
rope which Mussolini is pledged to
help Hitler establish at considerable
risk to Italy, all roads obviously lead
to Munich, or the Hitler mountain-
top retreat nearby, Berchtesgaden.
Rome may be a stop for Hitler's visi-
tors coming or going, but it is only
a way station.
New Type Referee
It is interesting to note that press
despatches from Berlin have given
the following interpretation of what
is in store for Balkan conferees:
"Uneasy Southeastern Europe ap-
parently was in for a little mediation
of the authoritarian German kind.
The Balkan nations are getting a
new type of referee for their old
And again: "Balkan diplomats
will be told what plans Hitler has for
the future of their countries."
The word "conference" does not
seem quite appropriate. It means a
coming together to discuss. Some
other word, meaning a coming to-
gether to receive orders from on high,
would more aptly describe what is
happening in Nazi-Balkan contacts.
Berlin censors have raised no ob-
jections, so far as is known, to inter-
pretations which picture Balkan rep-
resentatives as coming hat in hand
to be told just where they are to get
off in a Hitlerized Europe. By con-
trast Nazi officials show themselves
greatly concerned over circulation of
reports that Germany is fostering
an internal dismemberment move in
beaten France.
Physical Education are sponsoring a
picnic supper for undergraduate and
graduate students in phycical educa-
tion, their wives and families on
Wednesday, July 31. This supper will
be held at the Women's Athletic
Building at 6 p.m.
Tickets priced at-twenty-five cents
may be secured before Tuesday noon,
July 30 from Office 15, Barbour Gym-
nasium; Office 4200-C University
High School; or from Miss Barbara
Jones, Mr. Harve Oliphant, or Mr.
Don Farnum.
Pi Lambda Theta Annual Honors
Day and formal reception will be
held at 7:30, Wednesday, July 31, in

the East Conference Room of the
Rackham Building. All Pi Lambda
Thetans are urged to attend.
Some appointments for dental at-
tention at the Health Service are un-
filled for the remainder of the Sum-
mer Session. Students desiring these
are advised to report during the
forenoon at an early date.
Colleges of Literature, Science, and
the Arts, and Architecture; Schools
of Education, Forestry, and Music:
Summer session students wishing
a transcript of this summer's work
only should file a request in Room
4, U. H., several days before leaving
Ann Arbor. Failure to file this re-
quest before the end of the session
will result in a needless delay of
several days.
Examination Schedule for Six-
Week Courses in Education:
Time of Regular Time of
Class Meetings- Examinations
8 a.m. Fri., 4-6 p.m.
9 a.m. Sat., 7-9 a.m.
10 a.m. Sat., 1-3 p.m.

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