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Editorial
Argentina
And 'Manana'

Official Publication Of The Summer Session
VOL. L. No. 29 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JULY 27, 1940

E1
PRICE FIVE CENTS

L.Bloomfield,
Zelig Harris
Present Talks
On Linguistics
Linguists' Annual Meeting
To End With Discussion
Of SpeechDevelopment
Prof. Bernard Bloc
Heads Local Group,
By HAROLD B. ALLEN
After listening to Prof. Leonard
Bloomfield of the University of Chi-
cago and Prof. Zellig Harris of the
University of Pennsylvania, guest
speakers on the special invitation
program last evening, local and visit-
ing members of the Linguistic So-
ciety of America prepared today to
continue with the three sessions that
will conclude their third annual
summer meeting in Ann Arbor.
Exemplifying the wide and diver-
sified range of interests of the mod-
ern scientific linguist, speakers on
today's programs will discuss topics
ranging from the roots of ancient
Indo-Hittite, spoken perhaps 10,000
years ago, to dialect characteristics
of Middle Western American speech.
Session To Convene At 9 a.m.
The first of today's sessions will
convene at 9 a.m. in the auditorium
of the W. K. Kellogg Building, ac-
cording to Prof. Bernard Bloch,
chairman of the local committee.
Adjournment will be taken at 11:301
to allow for the luncheon at 12:15
p.m. at the Michigan Union. Both
the afternoon session at 2 p.m. and
the evening session at 8 p.m. will be
in the Rackham Building amphi-
theatre. All sessions are open to1
the public.
In his lecture last evening, the
third in a series dealing with basic
linguistic concepts, Professor Bloom-
field explained how a word, or mini-
mum free form in language, can be
combined with other words in whatj
may be called phrases.
Several Conslderations Involved l
Such use of words, he declared,
involves several considerations, first
of which Is that of the features of
external combination or sandhi.
Sandhi is the name given to the al- 1
teration a word undergoes when used
in different situations, such as the
English "not" becoming simply "nt"
in the colloquial "shan't" and1
"won't."
A second consideration in phrase-
making, according to Professor
Bloomfield, is the fact that in manyz
languages words are uttered in a3
fixed order, as in English "John hitI
Bill," where the order of words mak
something quite different from "Bill
hit John." In non-European lan-1
guages; he added, the order may be
quite otherwise. In Ojibway, for in-
stance, one must say, "One only I
killed him a perch," or, in English
order, "I killed only one perch."
Third to be considered, Professor
Blomfoield explained, is the problem
(continued ol Page 4)
Temperature
Reaches New
Highs In East
(By the Associated Press)
Mother nature turned more heat
on the eastern part of the Nation

yesterday (Friday), sending temper-
atures to new highs for the season
in some areas.
New York residents watched the
mercury soar to 94.3, . topping the
previous high of the season, 91, rea-
ched June 4. A heavy shower brought
temporary relief later.
Temperatures jumped as much as
22 degrees in some eastern Pennsyl-
vania cities in six hours, setting
records for the summer. The season's
record at Boston was tied with 91.
The hot wave also dipped into theI
South. Virginia had the hottest day
of the summer with temperatures
ranging from 97 at Richmond to 99
at Danville. Norfolk, on the Atlantic
coast, had the hottest July 26 since
1875 with 99. The Newport News
shipbuilding and Drydock Company
announced that all but "emergency"
work would be suspended because of
the intense heat.
Cool winds and scattered thunder-

Red Cross Asks Donors
For U. S. Blood Reserve

By NORMAN A. SCHORR
Establishment of a national blood
reserve for wartime purposes got un-
der way here last night, when the
Ann Arbor Red Cross issued a call
for 100, blood donors.
This blood will be used by Univer-
sity Hospital blood experts to inves-
tigate practical methods of collecting,
storing, transporting and adminis-
tering blood plasma, the non-cor-
puscular portion, to wounded sol-
diers.
Volunteers were asked to contact
Miss Josephine Davis, secretary of
the local Red Cross, in the Wolver-
ine Building, to make arrangements
for a physical examination.
Work by University medical men,
to be directed by Dr. S. Bernard
Goldhamer, is one phase of the na-
Party Platforms
Will Be Subject
Of Jamison Tallk
Business Administration
Professor Will Discuss
Economic Implications
"A Business Man Looks to the Re-
publican and Democratic Platforms
in terms of the present World Crisis"
will be the subject of Prof. Charles
L. Jamison's talk in the fifth of
Summer Session's American Policy in
the World Crisis series at 4:15 p.m.
Monday in the Rackham Lecture
Hall.
Professor Jamison, who is a mem-
ber of the Business Administration
School, was assistant chief of the Es-
timates and Apportionments division
of the office of the director of Fi-
nance' of the United States Army
during the first World War.
In his talk Professor Jamison will
consider the economic effects of the
Democratic and Republican plat-
forms rather than their political im-
plications.
Previous lectures in this series,
which is sponsored by the Summer
Session, have been delivered by Dr.
William S. Culbertson, chairman of
the United States Tarriff Commis-
sion, who explained the Internation-
al cartel now being considered at
Havana, Prof. Lawrence Preuss of -the
political science department, who
discussed the advisablity of United
States control in South America, Dr.
Melchior Palyi, noted German econo-
mist, who spoke on the German eco-
nomic situation in regards to the
present war, and Prof. Howard M.
Ehrmann of the history department
who spoke on the background of the
present World War.
Chase S. Osborn
Supports F. D. R.
HOMESTEAD, Mich., July 26.-(AP)
-Insisting that the Republican party
had "taken a walk," former Gover-
nor Chase S. Osborn today pledged
his -support to President Roosevelt
in a letter to the hWite House.
"My desertion of the Republican
Party in this case is because it has
deserted itself and me," Osborn
wrote. ".. . My great hope is that you
shall be blest with strength to do the
work of your vast task."

tional program* being conducted by
the National Research Council's
Committee on Preserved Blood and
Blood Substitutes. This committee
established on the request of U.S.
Army Surgeon General Dr. James
Magee, May 30, 1940, is headed by
Dr. Cyrus C. Sturgis, director of the
University Simpson Memorial Insti-
tute, and includes Dr. Everett D.
Plass of the University of Iowa Hos-
pitals, Iowa City, Dr. Elfred Blalock,
of Vanderbilt University, Nashville,
Tenn., and Dr. Max M. Strumia, of
the Bryn Mawr Laboratories, Bryn
Mawr, Pa.
The U.S. Navy is represented on
the committee by Commander Char-
les C. Stephenson, of the Bureau of
Medicine and Surgery, and the Army
by Capt. Douglas B. Kendrick, Jr.,
of the Medical Corps.
Commander Stephenson was re-
ported by Dr. Frank Bethell, of the
Simpson Memorial Institute, to have
predicted that this nation would need
the contributions of one million blood
donors in time of war.
After the meeting last night with
the Ann Arbor Red Cross Board, Dr.
De Kleine left to organize the three
other centers of the Blood Commit-
tee's preparatory program. First, the
University of Iowa and Vanderbilt
University were Dr. Plass and Dr.
Blalock to head research into the
storing and transporting of whole
blood and then to the Bryn Mawr
Laboratories, where dried blood
plasma will be studied.
The substance to be prepared by
University scientists, blood plasma,
is valuable in treating emergency
cases of shock, which both Dr. De-
(Continued on Page 4)
Excursionists
To Take Trip
To Put-In-Bay
Churchill To Lead Tour;
Scott To Explain Island's
Geological Formations
The last Summer Session excur-
sion will be a trip to Put-In-Bay
Island in Lake Erie, to take place
from 7:15 a.m .to 9:30 p.m. Wednes-
day.
The excursion will be conducted
by Prof. Ruel V. Churchill, director
of Summer Session excursions, and
will be accompanied by Prof. Irving
D. Scott of the geology department,
who will explain the geological for-
mations of the island.
Reservations for the excursion
must be made in the Summer Ses-
sion office,Room 1213 Angell Hall,
before 5 p.m. Tuesday.
Bus fare for the excursion will cost
$1.25 and the round trip on the
steamer will come to 85 cents. Meals
on the steamer and incidentals will
bring the total expenses for the trip
to something under $4.
At the island, excursionists will
visit the four great caves, including
the unusual Perry's Cave and the
beautiful Crystal Cave. Other points
of interest on the island will also be
visited.
Among the other excursions which
have been made this summer include
a trip through Detroit, another to
Greenfield Village, one to the Ford
Factory at River Rouge, one to Ni-
agara Falls and another to the State
Prison of Southern Michigan at
Jackson.

Band Concert
Will Be Given
At Ferry Field
University Summer Band
Joins High School Clinic
In Presenting Program
Prof. W. D. Revelli
To Lead Musicians
University Summer Session and
High School Band Clinics will join
forces to present a concert at 7 p.m.
today at Ferry Field.
Under the direction of Prof. Wil-
liam D. Revelli of the School of Mu-
sic with Erik W. G. Leidzen of New
York as guest conductor, the com-
bised band of 260 musician will
present a program including several
numbers played by each band sep-
arately and a finale in which the
260 musicians play ensemble.
Sponsored each year by the School
of Music, the summer High School
Band Clinic comprises a three-week
training course in band techniques.
Composed of 136 high school musi-
cians representing nine states of
the Union, the clinic band is under
the direction of 15 outstanding band
instructors and conductors, includ-
ing both Mr. Leidzen and Professor
Revelli.
Intensive Instruction Given
A session of intensive instruction,
in all phases of band work, the Clinic
program includes ensemble, solo and
full band rehearsals daily, inter-
spersed with recreation and enter-
tainment under the sponsorship of
the music school.
BThe University Summer Session,
Band is fundamentally a laboratory
course to train band directors and
instructors in new band techniques.
Complete in its symphonic instru-
mentation, it is one of the few con-
cert bands in the country which
boasts a complete complement of
woodwinds.
Skyline March Opens Program ,
The Summer Session Band will,
open with the following program:
Skyline March by Alford; Richard
III by German; Tropical by Morton
Gould; Lady of Spain by Evans Cal-
liet, and Fuge in G minor by Bach-
Albert.
The Clinic Band will present: Nor-
dic March by Mr. Leidzen; Horizon
Overture by Buys; La Rosita by Du-
pont and Debonnaire by Mr. Leidzen.
The combined band will conclude
with: Stars and Stripes by Sousa;
Desert Song by Romberg; If Thou
Be Near by Bach, and God Bless
America by Berlin.
I -M AllmStars
To Face Wikel
SquadToday
Six members of the National Soft-
ball League and four American
Leaguers, comprising the Intramural
Softball team, will meet the Wikel
Drug Team at 6 p.m. today at Wines
Field, Division and Hill Streets.
Pitching for the All-Stars is Philip
Krause of the Reds who has hurled
his team to five victories this season
without a set-back, one of the vic-
tories being a no-hit, no-run affair.
He will be caught by Bob Mott of the
Buckeyes. The Wikel battery will
consist of Robert Kolesar and Herm
Ulevitch.
Others on the All-Star team are
Nels Nelson of the Tigers at first

base; Mickey Evans of the Tigers at
second; Don Rossi of the Buckeyes
at third, and Russ Waters of the
Tigers, team manager, at shortstop.
The outfielders are Jack Emmons
of the Blitzers; Charles Peak of the
Faculty; Nelson Powderly of the Reds
and Bob Farnum of the Trojans.
The Wikel team will line up with
Strat Brown at first base; Milo Su-
kup at second; Juliard Carr at third;
Paul Sample at short, and Herb Bro-
gan, team manager, Howard Wikel,
Ned Reading and Charles Solar in
the outfield.
British Seize Three
Rumanian Vessels
BUCHAREST, July 26.--(P)-The
Rumanian Ministry of Marine re-
ported tonight the seizure of three
Rumanian tankers by the British at

U. S. Defense Commission
To Speed Up Production
~0

Compromise Offered At Havana
To Return Argentina To Fold

Three-Point Proposal Cites
Dangers Of Transfer
Of European Colonies
By J. C. STARK
HAVANA, July 26.-(P)-A three-
point compromise solution of the
problem posed by Argentina's lone
opposition to United States propo-
sals for an American trusteeship
over disputed European colonial pos-
sessions in the Western Hemisphere
was indicated today.
Delegates disagreed on whether
final drafts could be phrased to ever-
ybody's satisfaction before tomorrow,
but reliable circles said the confer-
ence was pointing to the following
course of action:
1. A general declaration recogniz-
ing the danger to Hemisphere de-
fense in possible attempts at con-
quest or transfer of ownership or
control of European colonies in the
new world. This declaration is to so
phrased as to gain the aderence of
all.
2. A resolution providing tempor-
ary machinery for emergency action
by any one or more of the 21 Ameri-
can republics to counter any possi-
ble threat arising from these posses-
ions, but now requiring participation
of all American nations.
3. A convention embodying the
mandate, or trusteeship principle, for
administration and control of any
possessions which might be taken
over as a security measure. This
convention would be opento all re-
publics desiring to ratify it, but would
not require unanimous ratification
for operation.
Argentina's chief objection to the
Hemisphere trusteeship proposal is
that the inhabitants of European
Engine Group
To Meet Today
F. Shoemaker, C. Moore
Will Discuss Diesels
Diesel engines will be discussed at
the fifth weekly lecture session of
the Internal Combustion Institute of
the University at 9 a.m. today in
the Rackham Amphitheatre.
The structure, application and de-
sign of the General Motors Diesel
engine will be described by F. 9,
Shoemaker of the General Motors
Diesel division in the opening talk.
C. S. Moore of the national ad-
visory committee for aeronautics will
present the concluding lecture on
Diesel Engine Combustion.
The series of combustion institute
lectures is under the joint sponsor-
ship of various departments in the
engineering school, and each week
presents speakers who are special-
ists in industry or research on the
various phases of combustion engine
problems.
Among the other men who have
spoken in this series to date are E. J.
Willis of the Aluminum Company of
America and H. F. Wood of the Wy-
man Gordon Company.

colonies here should have the right
of free determination and control of
their own destinies-regardless of
whether they agree to transfer to
another non-American power or de-
sire independence.
The United States, Brazil, Cuba
and others supporting the trustee-
ship proposal desire especially to in-
sure against transfer of the posses-
sions toanother foreign power.
If this proves to be the compro-
mise decided upon it will satisfy
Secretary Hull, who is convinced the
whole question of European posses-
sions here is so vital and threaten-
ing that he is determined to get some
solution at this conference which will
permit rapid and decisive action.
Soap Boxers
To Hold Race
HereToday
Boak, Howells, Van Duren
Will Serve As Timers;
Crisler Is Head Referee
Twenty-two boys between the ages
of 11 and 15 from Ann Arbor and
variousneighboring towns aresche-
duled to compete in the city's fifth
annual Soap Box Derby at 2 p.m.
today at Broadway Hill.
The boys will roll down the hill
in twos with Prof. A. E. R. Boak of.
the history department, Dr. R. B.
Howell of the University Hospital
and Prof. Arthur Van Duren of the
German department recording their
times.
Coach Herbert O. "Fritz" "Crisler
of the football team will be head
judge and referee while Prof. Phil
Diamond of the German department
will serve as announcer over the pub-
lic address system. Dr. A. C. Kerlin-
kowski of the University Hospital is
to be the physician in attendance.
Safety will be featured in the race
with care taken so that none of the
boys will be hurt. Each one will be
equipped with a steel crash helmet.
The winner will receive the famous
M. E. Coyle trophy, symbolic of his
feat, and a free trip to Akron where
he will compete with the winners of
119 other cities for the title of Soap
Box Champion of the United States.
Other contestants will get medals,
sports equipment, scout knives and
hatchets, skates, bicycles contributed
by various local merchants.
Client Forgets Alias-
Lawyer Loses Client

Prepare To Put Five
Shipyards To Work;
KnudsenOptimistic
Italians Bomb
Gibraltar Fort
WASHINGTON, July 26.-P)--
Preparations to put five "dormant"
shipyards to work and to speed the
production of warplanes and muni-
tions of all kinds were disclosed today
by William S. Knudsen in a guarded-
ly optimistic report on the pace of
the industrial phase of the defense
drive.
The Defense Commission's Chief
of Industrial Production said that
in the eight weeks since President
Roosevelt' created the commission,
the Army placed defense orders to-
taling $315,288,152 and the Navy,
$1,412,907,677. "We can be confident
of a production machine capable of
equipping the definite goal specific-
ally stated in the request now before
Congress for funds to equip com-
pletely a modern army of 2,000,000
men," Knudsen said in an initial
"progress report."
Patience Suggested
At the same time, the President
of General Motors counselled pa-
tience in expecting unduly quick re-
sults from efforts to gear industry to
~arms production.
Plans for production of 3,000
American warplanes a month for
Great Britain, announced by Lord
Beaverbrook, could not be realized
for more than two years, and would
require erection of 38 engine, frame
and accessory plants, Knudsen told
reporters.
895 Planes Next Month
The entire American industry ex-
pects to turn out only 895 planes
next month, aside from small per-,
sonal craft, he disclosed, and esti-
mated, it would be mid-1942 before
the monthly production rate could be
increased to 3,000 planes, to be di-
vided among American, British and
other purchasers. He indicated that
even then the 3,000 would include
some large commercial planes and
wouldanot be solely military craft.
Italian Planes Bomb.
Gibraltar Fort, Ships
Gibraltar, Britain's classic symbol
of durable strength, suffered two
heavy bombardments yesterday (Fri-
day) by Italian planes aiming at th
fortress arsenal and at warships
based in the harbor.
The British were silent on the
extent of damage to their position
on the great rock that is the in-
creasingly-important key to control
of the Mediterranean, but Stefani,
official Italian news agency, told of
panic in the streets, with soldiers
plunging into the sea to escape fires
started by bombs in the Friday
morning raid.
Reports from La Linea and Alge-
ciras, Spanish towns nearby, said
four persons were killed and 37 in-
jured in the first raid and that
casualties mounted when the Ital-
ians returned at 11:15 p.m. (5:15
p.m. E.S.T. Friday) reports from
these cities also said the Gibraltar
radio transmitter, arsenal docks, wa-
ter tanks and a hotel were damaged
and that oil on the waters indicated
a ship may have been hit.
Art Cinema League
To Present Russian
Movie Tomorrow

A Russian film, "The Childhood of
Maxim Gorky", will be presented by
the Art Cinema League at 8:30 p.m.
tomorrow in the Rackham School
auditorium.
Based on Maxim Gorky's autobio-
graphy, "My Childhood", the film
ga h Air a p.. y lffov1, r Th i a d

WASHINGTON, Ga., July 26.-P)
-A troubled Negro asked a local
lawyer for help in seeking the name
of his wife 10 years ago.
Informed it would be an easy mat-
ter to check public records, the Ne-
gro was asked his name.
"Boss," said the prosepctive cli-
ent, "I guess you'll have to let it go.
I've forgotten what name I was go-
ing by then."

Fellowship Of Reconciliation
Considered Active Organization

American Culture Study Group
To Discuss Government, Politics

By HARRY M. KELSEY
Perhaps one of the most active
organized groups on campus during
the Summer Session is the Fellow-
ship of Reconciliation, familiarly
known as the F.O.R., a semi-religious
organization the object of which is
to ease the conflicts between groups,
classes and nations.
The F.O.R. as a national organiza-
tion is 18 years old, and the Michigan
branch holds weekly lecture-discus-
sion meetings Tuesday nights at
Lane Hall during which various
phases of reconciliation are dis-
cussed.
The local chapter sponsors a Fel-
lowship House, a student rooming
house where various types of people
live together and try to come to a

University Fresh Air Camp on Pat-
terson Lake, preparing the camp for
under-privileged children, the men
chopped wood and repaired cabins
while the women mended blankets
and did other jobs of the sort.
The Negro housing project is un-
der the direction of a Negro member
of the F.O.R. who is conducting a
survey of the best rooming places
available to Negroes and reports that
almost no apartments in Ann Arbor
may be rented by Negroes. The com-
mittee has also issued to Negro stu-
dents a list of campus activities in
which Negroes are welcomed.
Some of the F.O.R. group has made
a collection of introspections on an-
ti-Semitism for a faculty group
working on that problem. Others

The final lectures and round table
discussion of the Graduate Study
Program in American Culture and
Institutions to be held during the
coming week will be centered around
the theme "Government and Poli-
tics: The Individual and the State."
Dr. Dumas Malone, director of the
Harvard University Press, will meet
with all students enrolled in the
Program for credit at 8:15 p.m. Mon-
day in the Rackham School audi-
torium in place of the scheduled lec-
ture by Prof. Jesse S. Reeves of the

of "The Future of American Achieve-
ment" at 4:15 p.m. and at 8:15 p.m.
Prof. John P. Dawson of the law
school will lecture on "Individual
Freedom as an Objective in Govern-
ment."
The final lecture of the Program's
series will be given at 4:15 p.m.
Wednesday by Prof. Charles E. Mer-
riam of the University of Chicago's
political science department. His
subject will be "The Function of
American Political Parties."
All lectures will be held in the
Rackham School auditorium and will

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