THE MICHIGAN DAILY
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
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NIGHT EDITOR: ROBERT MITCHELL
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the
Pogram Notes On'lolanthe'
By WILLIAM J. LICHTENWANGER
Chorus boys recruited from the ermined ranks
of the House of Lords-chorus girls who at 17
are mothers of sons aged 24-a hero who is im-
mortal down to the waist, but whose feet and
legs will someday die and be buried, leaving his
upper half to do goodness knows what! It was
for such typically Gilbertian characters as these
that Sir Arthur Sullivan had to write the music
for Iolanth'. "Had to," because the very Victor-
ian Sir Arthur, like the clown who wanted to play
Hamlet, always was seeking to be an English
Brahms, and often professed to be ashamed of the
musical devilment into which he was continually
egged on by Gilbert and others.
However, having once made up his mind to
be musically "Naughty," as he thought it, Sulli-
van could follow his leader Gilbert every inch of
the way, and Gilbert's ingenious mixtures of
nonsense, sentimentality, and satire seemed to
awaken a genius in the composer that all the
lofty ideals in the world could not. In olanthe,
for instance, while Gilbert is having fun with the
dignities of Parliament, Sullivan takes a musical
poke or two at Weber and Mendelssohn. Iolanthe
being an opera in which nearly all the female
characters are fairies, he begins his Overture with
an elfin horn call and echo that more than sug-
gests the beginning of Weber's fairy-opera,
Oberon. Then a little later in trip the fairies
to strains that have a suspicious resemblance
to the Midsummernight's Dream music of Men-
Wagner, too, must have his due, for when
Iolanthe was written in 1882, Wagnerian music
drama was the latest fad in music. So several of
the leading characters have their own let-
motives, with which the watchful orchestra in-
toduces them whenever they enter. For the
"law-embodying" Lord Chancellor there is a
fugal motive suggestive of his strictness and eru-
dition. For the fairies there is a dainty, tripping,
tune. For Phyllis, who loves a shepherd, there
is a rustic piping call.
Other musical allusions might be mentioned,
such as the "take-off" on God Save the King,
"When Britain Really Ruled the Waves"-a
"national anthem" some college might do well
to adopt as its alma mater. Or the "Sousa
March" (written before Sousa, however) com-
plete to the trio with its frilly obligato, to which
the Peers first enter. Or the mock-operatic
cadenza in the "Friendship" Quartet.
But Sllivan's music is never merely imitative,
and its satirical qualities never interfere with its
effectiveness as sheer music. Such numbers as the
Fairy Queen's Invocation of Iolanthe, or, later,
of her condemnation of the latter for revealing
her fairyhood, are sincere and impressive pieces
of dramatic writing. Finest of all is the Finale to
Act I. Like all good operative finales, it draws
everyone on the stage and leads them through a
complicated series of musical numbers by which
the action is carried on and accelerated, leading
to a climactic conclusion. As in every Gilbert
libretto, this Act I Finale is dramtically the cli-
inax of the show, and Sullivan provides it with
music -that is grand-operatic in scope and in-
tensity, though still suiting the humorous twist of
Other music in Iolanthe is either a flimsy but
always clever scaffolding to support the tempor-
arily more important words, as in the Lord Chan-
cellor's patter-songs, or else it makes a more
purely musical appeal while remaining true to
the dramatic situation. Such are Iolanthe's ten-
der, pleading ballad, the lovers' equally tender
duet, and the gay little waltz that is so full of
blithe Victorian naivete without a trace of Vien-
nese seductiveness. And finally we must men-
tion again the Overture. Though made up en-
tirely of tunes from the opera, so well put togeth-
er is it and so delightful are these tunes in them-
selves that, as every good overture should do, it
serves the listener as a delectable appetizer of
the whimsy and lyrical charms that are to come.
No Liquor-Business Good
In the midst of allegations that young people
are turning to the use of alcohol and other
artificial stimulants in their quest for a "good
time," it is heartening to hear of the roadhouse
in Northfield, Ill., prominently displaying a sign
which frankly says, "No Liquor." It is hearten-
ing also to learn that its business is good-as
good as that of New England's numerous liquor-
less ice cream stands which are crowded nightly
with young people.
Dispensers of liquor go out of their way to dis-
play their wares attractively before young people.
It is encouraging to find those who refuse to sell
the btuff and still do a good business.
-Christian Science Monitor
WPA Art Project Exhibit
The most important aspect of an exhibition
such as the WPA exhibition, on display at the
Rackham galleries, through Saturday, is the gen-
eral tone of the show rather than the individual
entry. Of course the artist is not to be belittled,
he makes the show possible, but in a field so-con-
troversial as government-supported art, it is
the quality and attitude of the whole project that
will justify or invalidate its existence in the eyes
of the general public. In the minds of those
who have seen 'the present exhibition there can
be little doubt as to the justification of the art
projects and the need for their continuation.
The quality of the work presented is on the
whole undeniably good in all of the several fields:
oils, watercolor, prints and sculpture. The atti-
tude is distinctly one of awareness to the con-
temporary scene in all its different aspects. It is
in this interest in the present world and its
problems and the attempt to interpret them into
artistic expression that the real value of the
present show lies. If we are to develop an
American culture it is of the utmost importance
that the artist turn to his immediate environ-
ment for his material. It cannot be denied that
the most important factor in the development of
any people is their environment and its problems,
and the fact, so apparent in the present show,
that the WPA art projects encourage the record-
ing and interpretation of contemporary America,
shows them to be of immense cultural and edu-
So much for the significance of the show. As
regards to the indivdual works presented, it is
rather a hard task to discriminate. Perhaps it
will be best to select those which were most popu-
In the oils section, two studies by Jimmy Lee,
attracted the most attention. In both My Sisters
and Girl Reading, the figures are Chinese but are
treated in a disinctly occidental manner. Any
qualities which may suggest the Orient seem to
be in the subject matter rather than in the
technique, although there is a delicacy in the
rendering of skin texture and in coloring which
we sometimes associate with Eastern art. The
better of the two perhaps is Girl Reading, which
is graceful and full of life as well as being better
Another artist who is popular was Joseph
Spencer, whose unusual portrait of himself and
The Beer Drinkers are strong and original. The
The former especially because of its luminous
colors and bold line is veryi nteresting and at-
tracts a great deal of attention. Other canvases
such as Edward Ferguson's Portrait of Bazil
Hawkins and River; Henry Bernstein's portrait,
Margaret; and Landscape Number Two by Syl-
vesterJerry are also popular.
In the print section of the show, which in
general quality of work and variety is the best in
the exhibit, Bazil Hawkins deservedly is given the
most space devoted to one artist.' His work is
full of a vigor and movement which is immediate-
ly attractive. Most of his studies are of Negro
scenes but even his landscapes are permeated
with the same dramatic movement that char-
acterizes the others. He has an ability to catch
attitudes and expressions and transfer them
directly into line. His approach is consistently
realistic. In watercolors such as Houses and
Hungarian Protestant Church, the city is pre-
sented with movement and strength.
Interesting also, are the prints of Charles
Pollock, who like Hawkins deals with Negro sub-
jects. His colors, luminous yellows, which satur-
ate his works, Negro and Indolence, is particu-
larly distinctive in that he uses them to give a
feeling of desolation. Edward Ferguson has
many good industrial scenes which are sharp and
precise, and John Davis in such prints as
Performance, The Lake, and Barn Dance dis-
plays an approach which is sensitive yet strong
and concrete in execution.
The sculpture on the whole lacks originality,
although Sam Cashwan's Abstract Figure and
Willoughby Miller, and Gus Hildebrand's Mother
and Child Number One are interesting.
Fuel For Defense'
There's power in the air.
The army's thirtieth anniversary of its first
airplane purchase emphasized the United States'
ability to maintain its own in aviation.
Same time the "Flyjng Fortresses" were skim-
ming hihg above American farmland and city
Wednesday in a gigantic display of the Nation's
first line defense, both Germany and Italy on
the continent -and Japan in Asia proudly contem-
plated new speed and distance flight records-
for defense. Britain announced-as a defense
measure--an expanded naval and air corps build-
And the world continued to hurtle on toward
some obscure goal, possibly a "secret rendezvous"
with "defense" someplace in space.
--The Daily Illini
By STAN M. fSWINTON
In the new Mademoiselle, junior
Bill Beebe has this to say of Michi-
"The Michigan co-ed has a fair
amount of intelligence and uses it
mostly on the problem of attracting
attention. This type of girl is typical
of mid-western schools. She dresses
just well enough to get by and doesn't
bother with a line, depending upon
a stronger mutual attraction to lure
the male. Companionable and agree-
able, she is ingenious at keeping pins
and is most concerned about the
Retorts co-ed Louis Watters, a
"Well, well, you read us just
like a book, but you said enough
nice things so that we can't re-
sent it. Remember just one
thing, though-the only way to
get pins is to know your men
pretty well--and remember that
we've got your number, too."
What have you to say on the
question? Drop us a line.
We've been wondering whether
friends express sympathy or, offer
congratulations to the 16-year-old
Walled Lake Miss who has just been
selected as-of all things-Miss Yel-
low Truck of 1939.
* * *
NAMES: Wonder how that girl
named Frances Perkins ever got
her job on the New York Herald
Tribune . . . A Mr. Bully just
served a term in the local jail for
assault and battery . . . Miss
Gertrude Stein is-and intelli-
gently enough, too-an actor in
the Summer Repertory . . . and
Mr. Nelson Eddy is an instructor
in the Spanish department.
Our favorite Red story and one
we've written up for publication be-
fore, deals with the two fellows whose
land-lady insisted upon using a red
pillow sheet on her bed. Despite pro-
tests, she said it was going to stay
there until it wore out.
One evening a year or so ago, the
two were sitting quietly in the room
studying. Getting up for a drink, one
spilled water on the pillow case and
hung it out the window to dry. Not
ten minutes later an irate old gentle-
man with a nifty set of waggling
whiskers burst into the room.
"Isn't America good enough for
you?" he shouted, while they
looked at each other in utter be-
"Isn't the country of Abraham
Lincoln, Teddy Roosevelt and Cal-
vin Coolidge good enough for
you? It's young mongrels like
you who'd murder us it our beds
and build barricades in the
"What are you talking about?"
the stouter of the two students
"You know perfectly well," re-
torted the old man, pointing dra-
matically to the red pillow-case.
"Take it down, Communist."
The roommates looked at each oth-
er for a moment. Then the spokes-
man for the two faced the visitor
"Sorry, sir. We'll have to wait
for orders from Moscow."
Lockwood To Speak Here
Charles C. Lockwood, Detroit at-
torney and former candidate for the
Board of Regents, will address the
local student chapter of the National
Lawyers' Guild Thursday in Room
323 of the Michigan Union.
This year marks the one hundred
and fiftieth anniversary of the adop-
tion of the Bill of Rights, and Lock-
wood will speak on the significance
of the Bill of Rights and what it
means to the lawyer.
Phi Delta Kappa Will Hold
Luncheon Meeting Today
Phi Delta Kappa held a business
meeting last night a 7:30 p.m. in the
West Conference Room of the Rack-
ham Building, for the purpose of dis-
cussing minor problems and questions
of policy. There will be a luncheon
at 12:10 today in the Union. Members
are invited to attend.
To The Summer Faculty. For the
third summer, a breakfast for candi-
dates for masters' degrees will be giv-
en on Sunday morning, Aug. 13, at 9
o'clock, at the Michigan Union. Pres-
ident Ruthven and Professor Boak
will be the speakers. Members of
the Summer Session faculty and their
wives are welcome to attend. Reser-
vations should be made in the Sum-
mer Session Office, 1213 A.H., before
Friday, Aug. 11, at 4:30 p.m. The
tickets will be 55 cents.
Final Doctoral Examination of Mr.
Andrew Jackson Green will be held at
9 a.m. today, Aug. 8 in 3223 Angell
Hall. Mr. Green's field of specializa-
tion is English Language and Litera-
ture. The title of his thesis is "Rob-
ert Bridges: Studies in his Work and
Thought to 1904."
Professor W. G. Rice as chairman
of the committee, will conduct the
examination. By direction of the
Executive Board, the chairman has
the privilege of inviting members of
the faculty and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend the examination
and to grant permission to others
who might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum.
Phi Delta Kappa will hold its week-
ly luncheon today at 12:10. in the
Michigan Union. Dr. Noffsinger will
speak on satfety education,
Lecture, "Ficino's Theory of Pla-
tonic Love and Its Historical Impor-
tance." by Paul Oskar Kristeller, Lec-
turer in Philosophy, Yale University,
at the Amphitheatre, Rackham Bldg.,
at 4 p.m. today.
Lecture, "Interpreting Evaluative
Criteria to High Schools" by Edgar G.
Johnston, Associate Professor of Sec-
ondary Education, to be held at the
University High School Auditorium at
4:05 p.m. today.
Record Recital, of Brazilian Music
will be held Tuesday, Aug. 8, at 4:30
p.m., West Conference Room in the
The records to be played on both
programs are non-commercial re-
cordings made especially for the Bra-
zilian Pavilions at the New York
World's Fair and the Golden Gate
International Exposition. With the
exception of Carlos Gomes (1839-
1904), all the composers represented
are now living. The records of works
by Villa-Lobos are conducted by the
composer; the Fantasia Brasileira of
Gnattall is conducted by Romeu
Ghispam, with the composer at the
piano; all other records are played
by the orchestra of the Sindicato Mu-
sical do Rio de Janeiro, under the
direction of Francisco Mignone. The
intermissions are five minutes in
Program for Aug. 8
I. Prelude to the opera, "Maria
I. A. Lenda sertaneja, No. 7 ...
B. Three Afro-Brazilian Dances
III. Legenda No. 2, Op. 22, for Pi-
ano ...........Jayme Ovalle
IV. Batuque .O. Lorenzo Fernandez
V. Fantasia Brasileira, No. 3 for
Piano and Orchestra.....
Tomas Teran at the piano.
VI. Bachianas Brasileiras, No. 2
... - ...,........H. Villa-Lobos
Prelude: O Canto do Capadocio
Aria: O Canto da nossa terra
Dansa: Lembrance do sertao
Toccata: 0 trenzinho do Caipira
Fellowship of Reconciliation. Meet-
ing today at 7:30, downstairs in
Lane Hall. Dr. Isaac Rabinowitz
will lead a discussion on the problem
Alma College Graduates and form-
er Alma students. There will be a
get-together at 8 p.m. today in
the West Conference Room of
the Rackham Building. About 25
Almanians have already promised to
be there. If you have not been noti-
fied previously, please consider this
notice an invitation.
A program of vocal, piano and or-
gan selections will be given in Hill
Auditorium this evening at 8:15
o'clock by the following members of
the University School of Music Facul-
ty: Hardin A. VaniDeursen, baritone;
John Kollen, pianist; Joseph Brink-
man, pianist; Palmer Christian, or-
I ganist and Ava Comin Case, accom-
'panist. The general public with the
exception of small children is invited
without admission charge,
Puplicate Bridge. The Tuesday night
duplicate bridge tournaments will
continue at the Michigan League.
Michigan Dames: Wives of students
and internes are cordially invited to
the regular Wednesday afternoon
bridge party, Michigan League, '2
Speech Students: A Symposium on
the field of Argumentation and its
relation to debating will be held on
Wednesday, Aug. 9, at 4 p.m. in Room
1025 Angell Hall. All undergradu-
ate students contemplating advanced
work in this field and all graduate
students who are emphasizing this
field in their graduate study should
attend this conference.
Speech Students: A Symposium on
(Continued on Page 3)
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the University.
Copy received at the office of the Summer Session until 3:30 p.m,; 11:00 a.m. Saturday
W ITH THE TERMINATION of the
first session of the 76th Congress,
Uncle Sam finds his mind befuddled by a con-
glomeration of controversial questions.
As Senators and Representatives wend their
ways homeward to find out if they are still in
good standing with their constituents and discov-"
er what they can do during the next session tol
make themselves so, our Uncle reviews the last
seven months of Congressional sitting and won-
Questions arising concern spending vs. eco-
nomy; neutrality; third term; Roosevelt vs. Con-
gress; relief; defense; and many others.
Leading this in enigmatic order is the situa-
tion between the President and the Congress,, for
in the answer to this, if such there be, lies the
solution to many of the others.
Despite Republican victories at the polls last
fall, the recent session opened with Roosevelt en-
joying majorities in both houses, especially in
the lower. Some of these votes he had already
alienated, due to his primaries purge.. Others
he lost through his spending-for-recovery the-
ories.sStill others failedhim on neutrality legis-
lation. A major item to be considered here is
Roosevelt's third term talk, neither accredited nor
denied by him, but a powerful enough threat to
worry a number of Congressmen into attempting
to thwart him at every possible turn, lessen his
power and generally weaken his program.
A look at the record proves profitable.
President Roosevelt urged the passage of a
neutrality act which would have removed the
mandatory arms embargo, claiming that this
embargo was an encouragement to the totalitar-
ian states inasmuch as it assured them that no
armaments could be received from the United
States by any country they should choose to
pick a fight with. To a well armed dictatorship,
the embargo would have been a godsend. Con-
gress did not agree.
President Roosevelt asked for a three billion
dollar lending program, in line with his original
New Deal philosophy of federal spending in
order to bring about "recovery. Such a move, he
said, would encourage and enable business to go
through with long-planned, depression delayed
projects, increase employment and start the ball
rolling. Congreess didn't think so.
President Roosevelt requested an additional 800
million dollars for the Federal Housing Admin-
istration. Congress refused.
President Roosevelt wanted 50 million dollars
to make up for deficiencies in relief operations.
Congress seemed to think it had appropriated
On the other side of the ledger:
The President believed a thorough going over
of government agencies would do the country
good. He made recommendations which were,
drawn up into the Government Reorganization
Act. This Congress passed, but not before mak-
ing amendments serving to place a good many
restrictions on the Chief Executive's work, which
he began at once.
The President asked $1,755,600,000 for the
continuance of WPA work relief. This Congress
deemed fit to appropriate to the penny, but
placed certain restrictions on operation.
The President urged Congress to accept a two
billion dollar defense program. War clouds in
Europe and Asia had the same effect on Con-
gress that they had on the President, Secretary
Hull and the country as a whole. Congress
promptly came through.
The President desired to retain the nnwr tn
f , y.,,, Pt. :
Out they go
Prints! Cre pest
Values to $29.75
Fairest dresses for the Fair,
traveling, business, to wear
now, then in the Fall. In
black, navy and prints.
Siaes 1I - 17, 12 - 46,
16! to 26
Extra special group of Bem-
berg prints, darker pastel
crepes . . .at,..
Physics Symposium, Prof. John A. Wheeler of Princeton University
(Amphitheatre, Rackham Building).
Phi Delta Kappa luncheon (Union).
"Ficino's Theory of Platonic Love and Its Historical Importance,"
lecture by Paul Oskar Kristeller of Yale University (Amphitheatre,
Latin-American Language Tea (International Center).
"Interpreting Evaluative Criteria to High Schools," lecture by Prof.
Edgar G. Johnston of the education school (University High School
Concert, Faculty of the School of Music, Mr. John L. Kollen,
pianist; Prof. Palmer Christian, organist; Prof. Joseph Brinkman,
pianist and Mr. Hardin A. Van Deursen, baritone (Hill Auditorium).