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August 13, 1938 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1938-08-13

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TJhe ditor

Gets Told

0 ®.,

On Educational Methods

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan Under the authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
. Ptblisheaevery morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Sesi~
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
It or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
$4.00; by mail, $4.50.
Rember, Associated Collegiate Press, 193738
College Publishers Representative
Board of Editors
City Editor ....... Robert 1, Fitzhenry
Assistant Editors :..........Mel Fineberg
Joseph Gies, Elliot Maraniss, Ben M Marino,
Carl. Petersen, Suzanne Potter, Harry L.
Business Department
Credit Manager . . . . Norman Steinberg
Circulation Manager . . . J. Cameron Hall
Assistants . . Philip Buchen, Walter Stebens
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
It is important for society to avoid the
neglect of adults, but positively dangerous
for it to thwart the ambition of youth to
reform the world. Only the schools which
act on this belief are educational institu-
tions in the best meaning of the term.
-Alexander G. Ruthven.
Defeat And Victory
For The New Deal. . .
N_" a jolt Thursday from the surprising
defeat of Senator Pope in the Idaho primary by a
conservative Democrat, Rep. D. Worth Clark.
The narrowness of Clark's margin has led many
observers to believe that the contest was deter-
mined in his favor by Republican "raids," which
are possible in the open primary used in Idaho,
where party registration is not necessary in
order to vote. It might also be worth pointing out
that while Senator Pope had the indorsement
of Postmaster-General Farley and Secretary of
State Hull, he was not among those candidates
personally mentioned by President Roosevelt.
The President's neglect in lending the weight
of his great personal popularity in Idaho, which
he carried by nearly two to one in 1936, to
Senator Pope, can be explained only by the con-
fidence felt for Pope's prospects, a confidence
apparently well-founded but now proven un-
Astonishing as the New Deal reverse in Idaho
may be, it is no more so than the extraordinary
victory it gained in the far more important state
of Ohio, where President Roosevelt's protege
and former Harvard classmate, Senator Bulkley,
won by the crushing majority of 222,000, while
the total Democratic primary vote exceeded the
Republican for the first time in Ohio history.
More significant, perhaps, than either the de-
feat of Pope or the victory of Bulkley was the
repudiation by the people of Ohio of the admin-
istration of Gov. Martin L. Davey, who made
himself persona non grata with labor by his
use of troops to help break the steel strike last
year. The Associated Press noted that Davey's
victorious opponent, Charles Sawyer, polled a
heavy vote in the industrial and mining districts.
%Meantime, primary interest has quickly shifted
to the southeastern states, where three anti-
New Deal senators are running for re-election.
President Roosevelt's forthright declaration in

Georgia in favor of Lawrence Camp, primary
opponent of the reactionary Senator George,
should do much to clarify the issues which the
President considers at stake in the current elec-
tions. Senator George is the first incumbent
against whom the Presidential fire has beeni
directed, and it should now be clear to every-
one that the so-called "purge" is not a personal
vendetta on the part of Mr. Roosevelt against
the senators who defeated his court and execu-
tive reorganization bills. It is true that Senator
George voted against these measures, but so did
several other senators running for renomination,
including Adams of Colorado, whose state the
President visited last month without inter-
vening in the campaign. Senator George, how-
ever, has also opposed numerous other liberal
measures introduced in Congress during his
term of office, notably the housing bill and
wages and hours bill. His labor record is par-
ticularly unsavory.
:spousal of the cause of the little-known Camp
is above all a demonstration of the President's

To the Editor:
It is a fact that Americans generally avoid
the hard necessity of thinking. To receive multiple
impressions, to be entertained by the movies,
lectures, sport, to be lulled into dreamless com-
fort has been our beau ideal. It is a graver fact
that the American university has refrained from
ding anything to check or correct this tendency.
Consider the limitation of campus activities
offered to students at Michigan: at one extreme,
the technical lecture; at the other, the popular
concert. Discourses on the Renaissance, the
fatigue of metals, the theory of languages obvi-
ously are designed for the few, while music un-
doubtedly soothes the lecture-ridden brain of
the many.
Living in such a setting, students acquire
wrong notions about the whole educational pro-
cess. First the impression abounds that only that
which is dished out by specialists or dropped
from mumbling lips into tired ears to be trans-
scribed into notes for coming examinations is
knowledge. With it grows a complacent feeling
that the study of isolated units of knowledge
must await some mythical future in that world
of clash and clang where knowledge will eventu-
ally undergo the acid test.
That is all nonsense. Educators know that
experiences can be simulated; life-realizations
anticipated; a correlation of knowledges, consum-
mated here on the, campus. How? By an inter-
change of fact, theory, precept, experience gath-
ered in our separate lives at the passing moment
through the simple device of open forums.
The need is urgent. In the rumble of ideologies
and "isms" now contending for power, our isolated
studies, together with the whole body of western
democratic culture, face the danger of extinc-
tion. Are we prepared to, let them go? To save
the structure, we might make a final appeal to
humane reason by way of the university. Intelli-
gent discussion of contemporary issues, and
interchange of views on cabbages and presidents
conducted fairly in all the colleges of the nation
might serve to burn down barriers and to de-
molish walls now being erected in more troubled
parts of the world. (The United States is not
immune from world infection-not by a long
shot!) A closer tie-up between the university
and the community should help to clarify con-
fusion, correct prejudice, and formulate the
sound viewpoint. Perhaps even a faith in the los
dignity of man and in the virtue of justice might
again flicker in these upspringing centers of
The university cannot remain the cloistered
abbey it once was. Happily the American uni-
versity within recent years has made efforts to
touch life at many points. But to be really effec-
tual, centres of discussion conducted by elected
groups in many units planted all over the campus
should function daily. Here everybody, that is,
undergraduate, graduate, professor, business
man, professional, and idler would assemble on
a basis of equality. Out 'of the mixed contribu-
tions of foolishness and wisdom might come a
common faith, an everyday philosophy, a basis
for social truth. Such questions as to the rela-
tionship of modern man to society, to industry, to
government, to art, books, the drama, music,
travel, and 'God would serve to re-measure
changing values in terms of living for all of us.
Education dare no longer draw an iron ring or
a charmed circle around the professor and his
text-book. -Felix Sper
In Historical Retrospect
To the Editor:
At this time it is worth while to look back
upon Japan's attack on Shantung during 1914.
Germany was ready to return its Kiaochow con-
cession to China. If she had not, China could have
taken back her own by force more easily than
the Japanese.
Before China could act, the Japanese struck
the first blow at Tsingtao. They were in such
a hurry to get their hands on Kiaochow that
they did not wait even for the consent of the
British whom they had invited to join in the
attack, nor of the Americans who had. guaran-
teed the integrity of China. While the Japanese
surrounded Kiaochow, they assured the world
that they wanted to take the country only for
the purpose of returning it to China. This at-
tack without consent of America and against
the expressed wish of China was an unfriendly
act, a war without a declaration on China and
America. President Wilson expressed his approval

of the Japanese "promise" to return the German
concession to China.
Japan took not only Kiaochow, but all of
Shantung including the Shantung railway,
China's own property which had never been in
German hands. This was a violation of China's
sovereignty and of Hay's Far Eastern Monroe
Doctrine. The U. S. was not at war with Germany,
certainly not with China, in 1914. The Japanese
capped this insult to China and the U. S. with
21 demands, which were such a direct challenge
to America that President Yuan Shih-Kai was
amazed to learn that President Wilson would
not back him against Japan.
Manifest destiny was beckoning Wilson as
she had McKinley when Dewey was in Manila.
The English navy had its hands full on the other
side of the Atlantic, in the Mediterranean and
Indian Oceans. Neither Canada nor Mexico
could stop or hurt us. Our naval bases in Hawaii,
Samoa, Guam and the Philippines gave us a
superior strategic position in the Pacific. The
Japanese navy was no match for the American.
The Japanese could not hone to fight America

Jfeemr lo je
Heywood Broun
Lord Beaverbrook has thrown the hat of Frank
Gannett into -the ring for 1940. This may be
British hospitality, and again it may arise from
that devilish delight the English take in spoofs
and hoaxes. In other words,
His Lordship may be pulling
the leg of the noted American
publisher and prohibitionist.
Be that as it may, Frank
Gannett is a house guest of
Beaverbrook at the moment.
And when he came down to
breakfast the other morning
there beside his bloater lay
the Republican nomination
for the Presidency of the United States. I speak
to some extent in metaphors, for although His
Lordship is the most powerful of British news-
paper proprietors, he has as yet- no lien upon
the White House. Still, he has done his spiritual
best for the big night letter and form telegram
man who defeated the Reorganization bill and
saved the republic. And his moral support has
taken tangible form.
The grateful sight which met the eye of Frank
E. Gannett as he started to cut his preserved
fish was a fresh copy of the London Daily Express,
and upon the front page of that duly premedi-
tated paper he found a screaming headline which
read, "The Life and Times of Frank E Gan-
nett." Every man likes to see his name in print,
and Mr. Gannett is not exceptional in any way.
Nevertheless, he blushed and said, "Your Lord-
ship is too kind."
Even Mr. Gannett Surprised
"Don't mention it," replied Beaverbrook, and
after helping himself to marmalade he passed
the jar to his guest in truly democratic fashion.
"Read on and see what our Lord Forbes has to
say about you."
Lord Forbes, it may be explained, is one of
Beaverbrook's rewrite men. The eyes of Mr.
Gannett, which are wide by nature, expafided
still further as he got into the swing of the
article. He found himself described as the lead-
ing candidate for the Republican nomination in
1940. Mr. Gannett has tried never to become a
violet, but, this was a surprise even to himself. He
was choked with emotion as he said, "What His
Lordship writes is much too much, Your Lord-
It wa' rather an awkward sentence, but Frank
Gannett is not accustomed to titles in the city
room. He refers to his own employees as Joe
or Slim or simply, "Hey, you, over at the corner
* * *
Hindiana, Hiowa, Harkansas
In addition to emotion he tangled with a
bloater bone, but when his host had patted him
heartily on the back Mr. Gannett said, "It can't
be true."
"If you see it in the Express, it's so," replied
Beaverbrook, speaking with severity and coining
a phrase simultaneously.
The wand of the British publishing potentate
had been waved, and wonders set afoot. Already
the delighted visitor could almost 'see the next
Republican conclave and hear a delegate get up
to say, "Hindiana casts hits vote for the favorite
son of the London Daily Express, Frank Hernest
Gannett." With Harkansas and Hiowa to follow,
not forgetting Halabama and Hohio, whata could
be sweeter?
Fortunately Mr. Gannett rose to the occasion.
He was tactful enough not to mention the fact
that the last American nominated for the Presi-
dency of the United States by the British press
was Dorothy Thompson. He said with simple
dignity, "I have never sought office, but no
American could refuse."
"Give me back that marmalade," said Beaver-
brook to indicate his blunt way that the American
incident had been disposed of and that he must
now turn his attention to settling the affairs of
Europe and of Asia.

reduced to impotence, Japan would be out of
Asia forever. The U. S. would own all of Canada
and half of Africa and of the Pacific islands of
England and France. China and India would be
free. The U. S. and Germany (the Kaiser but
not Hitler) would be the most favored nations
in China and East India, in Siberia and Russia.
France and England would do business on the
terms of America and Germany.
This result could have been brought about and
the World War could have been over in one
year or less. Thus we turned over China to Japan,
exposed the American route to China to a double
flank attack, where Japan has a formidable
reception for us at the Marshal and Caroline
Islands, cut the Philippines off from the princi-
pal American naval bases, left part of Africa
to England and France, shed American blood
upon the battle fields of Europe, taxed living
and unborn Americans and filled the coffers of
Wall Street with the world's gold and created
over 23,000 new millionaires "to make the world
safe for democracy". And as for Japan today
there is truism in the Latin adage: Unus Deus
vult perdere, prius dementat.
-Julius M. Magil, Ph.D.
On 'Blockade'
To the Editor:
The Ann Arbor branch of the American League
for Peace and Democracy wishes to add this note
of endorsement of the movie, "Blockade", now
showing at the Michigan Theater. We urge all
individuals who wish to aid the peace movement
to see this picture before it leaves town.
Tn iute from the American Tague 'ma--

Peace On The Tumen
The truce established on the Tu-
men River by the Litvinov-Shigemit-
su agreement is sufficient evidence of
the anxiety shared by both the Soviet
and Japanese governments to localize
the conflict and to settle the border
dispute for all time by a joint exami-
nation of the pertinent documents
and the local topography. The per-
sistence with which both negoiators
have sought an understanding, retir-
ing from one diplomatic stalemate af-
ter another, only to catch their
breath before getting together again,
and the important concessions }which
both finally made would seem to' ex-
onerate both governments of any
direct responsibility for the promo-
tion of this particular incident. While
such evidence of a mutual will to
peace is decidedly reassuring to a
jittery world, it cannot be accepted
as \assurance that the local rumpus
is over. How and why it started re-
mains as much of a mystery as ever;
for . . . This is our life . . . let's
fight for it.' We know that Block-
ade is on the side of the people who
are being starved by war-time
blockades; being butchered by Fas-
cist bombs; and being betrayed by
internal enemies-the 'fifth col-
Because we believe the Michigan
Theater should be congratulated for
being courageous enough to show this
picture despite protests that some
individuals and organizations have
made, we are sending copies of this
letter to both the Michigan Daily and
The Ann Arbor News.
Sincerely yours,
W. C. Rohn,
Secretary of the Ann Arbor branch of
the American League.

and until it is clearly known on whose
authority it began and what author-
ity that person or group still exer-
cises, no one can predict how long
an agreement reached in Moscow
will be effective on the Tumen.
Touchy Situation
Rurthermore, the situation between
Lake Khasan and the Tumen River
[appears to be a very touchy one, if the
latest reports of roop positions. are
accurate. Whoever holds the original
bone of contention, Changkufeng, the
Russians admit that they have driven
a wedge into Manchurian territory
and the Japanese have driven a wedge
into what they admit is Russian ter-
ritory. The officers on both sides
would undoubtedly have liked to
straighten the line out to their own
satisfaction and credit before the
order to cease fire reached them.
They are not likely to conceal very
carefully their dissatisfaction with
that order from the men who are, at
some points, within hand grenade
range of each other. In such a situa-
tion the officers of both sides must
take their orders from home very
seriously indeed if they are to prevent
clashes until the border commission-
ers arrive, agree among themselves (if
they ever do) and tell them where
they belong. Whether there is such
deference for orders on either side
as will completely squash the tempta-
tion to taunt the other fellow into
action is doubtful. Since we have
been inclined to feel from the be-
ginnings that the Japanese army in
Korea-undertook to push the Man-
churian frontier a few miles closer
to Possiet Bay and to open a Manchu-
rian corridor to the mouth of the
Tumen on its own responsibility and
on the usual all-sufficient ground
that Japan's destiny dictated the ac-
quisition of such positions, we con-
tinue to feel that Tokio must speak
very peremptorily to the high com-
mand in Korea to elicit lasting respect
from the agreement reached in Mos-
Oily Guesses
These feelings are based on sur-
mises only, of course, worth no more
at the moment than the more widely

SATURDAY, AUG. 13, 1938
Biological Chemistry 6205: Sem-
inar reports handed in earlier may
be obtained at the office of the
department, 317 West Medical Bldg.
Prof. F. E. Richart of the Univer-
sity of Illinois will speak on the
Plastic Flow of Concrete this morn-
ing at 9 o'clock in Room 311 West
Visitors' Night, Students' Observa-
tory, 8 to 10 tonight. Open only
to Summer Session Students. Take
elevator to fifth floor in Angell Hall.
The Graduate Outing Club will
meet at the northwest entrance of
the Rackham Building at 2:30 p.m.
on Sunday, Aug. 14 to go to Groome's
bathing beach at Whitmore Lake for
swimming, baseball and a picnic. This
is the last meeting of the summer, so
come and bring your friends.
Notice to all Soiool of Music mem-
bers, faculty, husbands and wives of
the same. There will lx' an informal
supper-dance at the Michigan League
Ballroom, Monday evening, Aug. 15 at
(Continued on Page 3)
voiced surmise that Germany's de-
cision to give Japan nothing but mor-
al support was such a setback to the
Japanese Army that Mr. Shigemitsu
had its authority to make terms with
Mr. Litvinov. The important thing is
that whether the armies on the Tu-
men abide by the terms of the truce
or not, Nghether. the border commis-
sioners agree on a definition of the
frontier or not, the two governments.
have succeeded in isolating the little.
war as a local incident and in re-
ducing to a minimum thereby the
chances that it will develop into any-
thing like what the Japanese still call
"the China incident."
-New York Herald-Tribune





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