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August 13, 1938 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1938-08-13

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Defeat And Vicoy
For The New Deal .. .

Yl r e

Mitt . 1



Official Publication Of The Summer Session




_______________________________________________________________________ q

Japs, Russians
In New Fracas
With Dispute
Over Sakhalin
Clash Of Island Police
Follows Settlement Of
Affair AtChangkufeng
Situation Reported
As Being Serious
TOKYO, Aug. 13., (Saturday)-('P)
-Tension between Soviet Russia and
Japan increased today with a new
border incident born within 48 hours
after settlement of the dangerous
Changkufeng affair.
The .new trouble broke out on
sparsely-populated Sakhalin Island,
north of Japan, where Moscow and
Tokyo divide control. At an isolated
corner of the Russo-Japanese boun-
dary, Domei (Japanese News Agen-
cy) reported, infantrymen of the
NKVD, Soviet secret police, shot and
wounded two Japanese policemen.
Adding to the gravity of the inci-
dent, the policemen, one of whom
was hurt seriously, were escorting
Ryukichi Tashirogi, a member of
Parliament, and an "inspection par-
ty" near the border, Domei said.
Fired Without Warning
,The agency reported the Soviets
opened fire without warning.
Authorities at Shikika, Japanese
city on Sakhalin, reported a corps of
police, rushed to the border to "in-
vestigate" the incident, now were
confronting the Russians.
(Sakhalin Island, lying close to the
Siberian coast, was first settled in
1857 by the Russians, who owned
all of it until 1905. In 1905 the
Treaty of Portsmouth allotted the
northern three-fifths to Russia the
southern two-fifths to Japan.
, (Following the Russian revolution
in 1917, the Japanese occupied all of
the island, which is 600 miles long
and from 16 to 105 miles wide. They
did not evacuate the northern part
until 1925).
Incident Considered Closed
Meanwhile the incident at Chang-
kufeng, on the mainland near the
juncture of the borders of Siberia,
Korea, and Manchoukuo, was con-
sidered' closed.
Fighting which marked the later
stages of the month-old incident end-
ed promptly at noon Thursday, said
reports from the sector of dispute.
The truce followed an agreement
reached in Mosow between Foreign
Minister Maxim Litvinoff and the
Japanese Ambassador, Mamoru Shi-
In this agreement, it was indicat-
ed in an abridged text of the Litvin-
off-Shigernitsu conversations re-
leased by the foreign office Friday,
Japan made most of the concessions.
The foreign office spokesman said
appointment of a border commission
would be announced shortly, and
would begin its work by demarcating
the border in the Changkufeng area.
I Rader Gets Award

Scene Of Jap-Soviet Changhufeng Boundary Michigan Wrestling Champion
Dispute Where Hostilities Recently Ceased To Tackle Guatemalan ungle


T ~Novokievsk --
R Pa l a =--'
x, Road ;p SI
,L. KHASSA N ._.."
~N I
Gene of flgin JPAN
c HOsAN Tumen R jban
SAY 'e

I e ''"" I

100 Japanese
Airplanes Raid
Hankow And
TrI-City Area


Harland Danner To Write
Folklore Of Vanishing'
Mayan Tribe Of Indians
Harland Danner, Michigan's Big
Ten 160-pound wrestling champion,
will choose the forbidding and mys-
terious jungles of Guatemala as his
next field of action and tackle the
job of collecting material on the
folklore of a vanishing tribe of Mayan
Indians, the Lacandones.
Blond, broad-shouldered Harland
will be accompanied on his hazardous
journey by only two companions, both
Mexicans, who will join him in Mexico
City. Preparations for the trip have
been underway since last Christmas
under the technical supervision of
Prof. Mischa Titiev of the anthropol-
ogy department. Anthropology is only
a hobby with Danner, who is major-
ing in romance languages. Neverthe-
less, scientific research will be the
motiviating force behind the expedi-
tion which has as its object the mak-
ing of a complete motion picture
record of the religious and material
culture of the swiftly vanishing de-
scendants of the ancient Mayas.
Danner will- depend on gaining the
confidence of a wild, unfriendly people
and hunting for the major portion of
his food supply. The films and articles
he will write upon returning from
his journey will finance the trip.
The material gleaned from his re-
search will supply the foundation for,
a mast er' and perhaps a do :tors'
degree after he has completed his
last year of undergraduate work.
Because of the inaccessibility of
the regLi.i, the Lacandones have per-
petuated the ancient modes of lifc
and semi-barbarian customs, Danner
said, and their answer to the com-
ing of the white man has been to
withdraw further into the inpene-
trable jungles of Central America.
They hunt, he added, with bow and
arrow, and many of them have no
conception of the use of a horse.
Danner plans to drive to Mexico
City and spend approximately six
weeks there studying at La Biblio-
tece Nacional de Mexico. He also
hopes to find some student there in
the University of Mexico who will
accompany him on his expedition.
The son of Mrs. B. V. Kreger of
Ann Arbor, Harland Danner attended

Destruction Of
By Nipponese


Above is a detailed map of the Changkufeng area and Possiet Bay region, with conflicting claims of Russia
and Japan made clear. The "war" has been halted, at least temporarily, while diplomats seek a solution.
Control of the area means mastery of the railroad carrying products out of rich Manchoukuo, and is also Im-
portant for possible fortifications to Possiet Bay, where Russia has a submarine base.

Adult Education
In Road Safety
B. W. Marsh Urges Study
Of Traffic Problems And
TrainingOf Pedestrians
"We must stop blaming the motor-
ist or the pedestrian, and begin a
more careful and thorough study of
the causes and cures of traffic prob-
lems," Burton W. Marsh, director of
the safety and traffic engineering de-
partment of the American Automo-,
bile Association said yesterday before
a meeting of the National Institute
for 'Traffic Safety Training.
Mr. Marsh pointed out that al-
though children are being thorough-
ly trained in the elements of traffic
safety in the elementary schools, not
enough attention is yet being paid
to adult education along these lines.
His statements were borne out by
statistics quoted by Earl J. Reeder,
chief traffic engineer of the National
Safety Council, who stated that by
far the greatest number of pedes-
trian accidents traceable to the pedes-
trian involved persons below school
age or over 55.
Pedestrians are the cause of over
75 percent of all accidents involving
pedestrians, Mr. Reeder said. Hie
pointed out that the large percentage
of accidents traceable to members of
foreign, -uneducated, and lower econ-
omic groups indicated that" these
groups would have to be educated
along the lines of traffic safety, and
that probably the best way to reach
them would be through their own
Henrietta Westcott, 82,
Dies In Goderich, Ont.
Mrs. Henrietta Westcott of 1055
Ferdon Ave., widow of Capt. J. W.
Westcott, who founded the marine
reporting agency bearing his name,;
died yesterday at the summer home
of her daughter, Mary Louise West-
cott, near Goderich, Ont.
Mrs. Westcott, 82 years old, had
been president of the company since
the death of her husband.

Educators Ask
More M oney
From Murphy
LANSING, Aug. 12-(IP)--School
men demanded today that Gov. Frank
Murphy's special session of the Legis-
lature provide additional funds for
educational purposes.
Dr. Eugene B. Elliott. superintend-
ent of public instruction, sent an.
open letter to the Governor asserting.
that thousands of school teachers
now draw salaries that are "less than
WPA workers," and that further pay
cuts would be necessitated unless the
schools receive more money.
The executive committee of the
Michigan Education Association invit-
ed school superintendents, county
school commissioners and school
board executives to confer in Lansing
Monday to consider the problem.
Elliott and the association's execu-;
tive committee asserted they had
learned of plans to cut $12,000,000
from the $28,000,000 State aid for
schools appropriated by the 1937 Leg-
islature as a large item in Murphy's
economy program.
The State superintendent said such
a cut would have to be followed by
a 50 per cent reduction in allowances
to the schools for equalization, tui-
tion, membership and transportation
services, reduction of teachers' salaries
and shortening of school terms.
Illinois Professor
To Discuss Metals
Prof. F. E. Richart of the Univer-
sity of Illinois will be the speaker
this morning at the final meeting of
the Engineering Mechanics Sympo-
sium on the properties of metals.
The plastic flow of metals will be
the subject of the lecture by Professor
Richart, who is one of the leading
authorities in this field. He is espe-
cially well known for his research
work in re-enforced concrete inde-
terminate structures, the proportion-
ing of concrete, building tests, reen-
forced brick work, cast iron pipes,
and chilled car wheels.

Agent Declares
U.S. Spy Ring,
Is Nazi's Goal

House Committee
American Inve
In Espionage]


Of Belgian
For Prize


WASHINGTON, Aug. 12-(M)-An1
undercover agent told the house com-I
mittee on "unAmerican activities" to-1
day that the Nazi movement in the
United States aims to set up a "vast
spy network" and "powerful sabo-
tage machine" for use in case of war.
These charges came from John C.
Metcalfe, committee investigator and
former Chicago newspaper man,
whose short stature, small black
moustache and crisp tone reminded
spectators of Adolf Hitler.
Metcalfe, a native of Germany who,
came to this country in 1914, told of
joining the German-American bund
under a German name, and becom-
ing a trusted lieutenant of Fritz
Kuhn, National Bund leader.
He quoted Kuhn as saying he had1
Dr. Hans Luther, long-time German1
ambassador to the United States, re-1
moved from his post for failure tof
cooperate completely with secret Ger-
man-American Bund activities.
"I have secret relations with Ger-
many whereby I can get anything I
want," Kuhn said, according to Met-
Under questioning of Chairman1
Dies (D.-Tex.) Metcalfe estimated'
that "at least half a million persons
in this country" are members, sup-
porters, or sympathizers with the
Nazi movement.
Metcalfe charged that when the
House committee was appointed Kuhn'
ordered Bunds in this- country to de-
stroy all correspondence that might
appear suspicious.
This was corroborated by Peter
Gissibl, head of the Chicago bund,
who testified he had resigned after
sharp differences with Kuhn over cer-
tain policies.
Gissibl, speaking slowly with a
German accent, at one point indicat-
ed he feared harm because of his
testimony, but Chairman Dies prom-
ised him protection.
The former Chicago bund leader
said he opposed Kuhn on hatred of
Jews, uniforms for children similar
to those of the Hitler youth move-
ment, and a close tie between the
bund in this country and Nazi Ger-
Metcalfe said the foreign institute
of Nazi Germany (the Ouslands Bur-
eau at Stuttgart), was chief official
link with organizations in this coun-
try. It was manned, he testified, by
several former bund leaders from
this country who have returned to
Owosso Reports Three
More Dysentery Cases

Campus Gives
$70 To Students
Youth Congress Gets Cash;
$100 Goes To Spain
The Michigan campus has con-
tributed $70 toward defraying the ex-
penses of foreign students attending
the World Youth Congress at Vassar
College late this month, it was dis-
closed last night in a report issued
by the summer organization of the
Progressive Club.
Funds collected this summer to aidl
Spain, it was said in the same report,
totaled $100 in addition to several
truckloads of clothing, canned foods
and medical supplies.
A committee for continuations and
membership has been recently ap-
pointed and all interested in this
work are asked to communicate with
Robert Emerine, '39, chairman of the
In connection with the member-
ship drive and general program of ex-
pansion it was decided to undertake
a series of meetings on general cul-
tural topics at which speakers of na-
tionwide prominence will be featured.
The Club will give local issues first
importance in its practical work for
the coming year.

Ann Arbor High School where he
played football, wrestled, and com-
peted on the gymnastics team. His
record as a wrestler on the Michigan
Varsity culminated in the winning of
the Western Conference 155-pound
title last spring. Two years ago,
Danner spent a vacation in Mexico
where he worked on a ranch. He
speaks both Spanish and French.
Paris Jitter
O ,a
Report Sees Hitler Calling
1,{00,000 Reservists
To TheColors
PARIS, Aug. 12.-(Y')-The French
Government, alarmed by reports of
huge military movements under way
in Germany, today sought informa-
tion. on.Reichsfuehrer. Adolf Hitler's
intentions through French diplomatic
representatives abroad.
The reports:
1-That Hitler's army had requis-
tioned private automobiles, trucks,
furniture vans and even municipal
busses in Bavaria in connection with
forthcoming autumn maneuvers.
2-That more than 1,000,000 Ger-
man reservists had been called to the
3-That Germany was speeding up
construction of fortifications on her
French and Polish frontiers.
An Eye On Parleys
These things led to fear that the
Nazis were greasing their war ma-
chine for use in case they failed to{
receive quick satisfaction from
Czechoslovakia in the parleys over
the future status of Czechoslovakia's
3,500,000 Sudeten German minority.
Such ostentatious military prep-
arations were in contrast with the
Nazi precedent of swift and secret
action-a fact which paradoxically
tended to ease French fears.
Foreign office circles and most dip-
lomats voiced a belief that the prep-
arations were designed to intimidate
Czechoslovakia, France and Great
Britain, but watched carefully the
advices from French diplomatic and
secret agents in Germany.
Two Explanations
Thus two possibly interlocking ex-
planations ,of thf German manifesta-
tions emerged n Paris: The Nazis
wish; to impress the world with their
military power. - They also wish to
have their war machine ready for
use in case of trouble over the Sude-
ten demands for autonomy in Czecho-

Heavy Toll Of Life,
Property, Reported
HANKOW, China, Aug. 12.-()--
One hundred Japanese war planes
virtually poured bombs into Han-
kow and the neighboring cities of
Wuchang and Hanyang today in one
of the Chinese-Japanese war's most
disastrous and most spectacular air
The bombs and the flames that
spread in their wake killed or wound-
ed 400 civilians of the tri-city area,
which lies 600 miles up the Yangtze
River in the heart of China.
Two American mission properties
were directly hit. More than 300
residences, most of them humble, were
destroyed, and tens of thousands of
dollars worth of railway equipment,
crude oil, and kerosene were blown
Raid Was''Effective'
(In Shanghai a Japanese naval
communique announced that the raid
was "100 per cent effective" and that
the headquarters of Generalissimo
Chiang Kai-Shek were destroyed.
Hankow is theChinese provisional
No Chinese planes took the air to
combat the invaders, whose big ma-
chines droned over the city in the
morning. There was an ineffective
anti-aircraft fire.
In Wuchang the chapel of the or-
der of Saint Anne Convent, operated
by a mission of the American Epis-
copal Church, was demolished by a
direct hit, while another bomb tore
down a nearby sisters' residence in
which three American wOien mis-
sionaries, huddled under a staircase,
escaped without a scratch.
Another bomb destroyed the'
American Seventh Day Adventists'
City Clinic in Wuchang, killing 12
Chinese patients. Many wounded
had just been removed from the clinic
when it was struck.
Bombs released from Japanese
planes which dived low over the Can-
ton-Hankow Railway terminal blew
up entire sections of track and killed
the majority of occupants of a near-
by building in which there were sev-
eral girl refugees.
Innocent Civilians Sufferers
Although the bombing attained a
high degree of accuracy, being cen-
tered at railway yards and buildings,
innocent civilians were the greatest
Attacking fronti 10,000 feet, the Ja-
panese flyers directly hit flat cars
and platforms packed with crude oil
drums in the railway yard area east
of Hankow's Japanese concession.
The freight yards were turned into
a blazing inferno.
Bombs released simultaneously
with those hitting the railway prop-
erty brought death and destruction
to a crowded suburban area for half
a mile around.
American and British oil installa-
tions a mile from the railyards were
not affected.
* *
Terrorists Explode
Anti-Jap Bombs In
Tense Shanghai

Lloyd F. Rader, '24E, has been
awarded the prize of Belgium by the
International Association of Road
Congresses for a paper on "Low Tem-
perature Characteristics of Asphalt
Paving Mixtures," it was announced
yesterday by the department of trans-
portation engineering of the College
of Engineering.
'Dr. Rader, who received his M.S.E.
in 1925 and his Ph.D. in engineering
lastFebruary, wrote the paper as an
abstract of his Doctor's dissertation.
The prize consists of 2000 francs.
Graduating with honors from the
Civil Engineering course, Dr. Rader
was awarded the Roy D. Chapin
Fellowship in High way :Engineering
during his first year of graduate
work. He was also a member of the
Honors Convocation that year. He
attended the U.S. Naval Academy
before coming to the University and
is at present a lieutenant in the
corps of civil engineers, U.S. Naval
During the past 10 years, he has
been on the faculty of the Polytech-
nic Institute of Brooklyn and is now
associate professor of Civil Engineer-

Discovery Of Ancient Language
Forces Revision, Sturtevant Says

Traffic Experts Make Local
Streets Scene Of Sight Tests

A big open touring car, swerving
out of traffic lines and cutting in
front of oncoming cars, and a group
of 20 or 30 men walking out in front
of a car parked on the Huron River
Drive, with its headlights shining on
them, were two peculiar things that
mystified Ann Arbor motorists yes-

The idea was to photograph just
what the driver with defective vision
sees when he cuts out of traffic. The
movies taken will show blurred vision
ahead until oncoming cars are quite
close, usually too close for the driver
to do much about it.
Last night a special test car was

How the recent amazing discovery
of an ancient language remarkablyt
similar to modern European lan-j
guages in grammatical structure hasr
forced linguists to revise their con-
ception of the Indo-European lan-
guage family was described last eve-t
ning by Prof. Edgar H. Sturtevant
of Yale University in the conclud-
ing lecture of the 1938 Linguistic In-
Although the last thing 19th cen-
tury philologists suspected was the
likelihood of discovering another In-
do-European language in Asia Minor,
vat -,-inh- adinscvery was made. said

with the verb "to be." It had only;
two moods. It had a "durative" con-
jugation strongly analogous to thej
modern English progressive in -ing.
Such differences, according to Pro-
fessor Sturtevant, already have led
to the belief that Hittite is not an In-;
do-European language at all, but
rather that it and the original Indo-
European are themselves descended
from a parent language which he
has christened Indo-Hittite.
Dr. Sturtevant then explained some
of the independent archaisms which
Hittite preserved but which were lost
in Indo-European, such as two of the

SHANGHAI, Aug. 12--)-Bombs
of anti-Japanese terrorists exploded
today in a Shanghai tense with fore-
bodings over possible bloodshed to-
morrow, the first anniversary of the
outbreak of fighting between Chinese
and Japanese in Shanghai.
Two Chinese were killed and 15 in-
jured when terrorists set off two
bombs in a Japanese cotton mill in
the Italian defense sector of the In-
ternational Settlement. Two Chinese
were injured In three other bomb at-
tacks on Japanese properfy in the
After one year's bitter warfare in
the Yangtze Valley, the Japanese in-
vaders have fought their way 500
miles up the river, about 100 air
miles from Hankow, the Chinese pro-
visional capital.
During severe fighting around Kiu-
kiang the Chinese assert Chinese
nlanes in the nast few davs have

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