. - -.rw _ --
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Publishe every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for repubication of al news dispatches credited to
It or= not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
renered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class 'mail matter.
subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
$400;' by mal, $4.50.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1937.38
REPRESENTED FOR NATIONAL ADVERTiSING DY
College Publishers Representativ
420 MADISON Ave. Ew YORK, N. Y.
CICAS * BOSTO -.Los ANe LIS - 801 FKARCISCO
Board of Editors
Managing Editor . . . . Irving Silverman
City Editor . . . . . . Robert I. Fitzhenry
Assistant Editors . . ... Mel Fineberg,
Joseph Gies, Elliott Maraniss, Carl Petersen,
Harry Sonneborn, Dorothea Staebler.
Business Manager . . . . Ernest A. Jones
Credit Manager . . . Norman Steinberg
Assistants . Philip Buchen, Walter Stebens
NIGHT EDITOR: HARRY L. SONNEBORN
The editorials published in The Michigan
DaIly are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
It is important for society to avoid the
neglect of adults, but positively dangerous
for it to thwart the ambition of youth to
reform the world. Only the schools which
act on this belief are educational institu-
tions in the best meaning of the term.
-Alexander G. Ruthven.
Planning Commission ..
On June 22 of the current year Governor
Frank Murphy appointed a permanent State
Planning Commission. The purpose of this com-
mission is to make "inquiries and researches into
problems of employment, education, recreation,
marketing, land utilization, industrial manage-
ment and the like" so that we may have a "more
intelligent direction and effective guidance of
our economic and social development."
For this inauspicious though highly significant
venture the governor is to be commended. The
multifarious legislative attempts to deal with
problems too deep-rooted in our social and eco-
nomic structure to be dealt with within the con-
fines of archaic legislative formulas have been
feeble and abortive. It would seem, that upon
observing the United States against a Euro-
pean background, both exigent and expedient to
begin to substitute in a greater maasure than ever
before conscious control for unseen hands, sup-
plant chaos and unnecessary insecurity with
planning and a minimum of security, as man
has repeatedly done in his long encounter with
the intangible, the illusive, the unseen, the ab-
All forms of planning, possess in the minds of
many the stigma of authoritarianism. Yet if
planning is done by labor consumers and gov-
ernment, for labor consumers and government
we have only to fear ourselves, which is as it
In the recent past although the federal gov-
ernment has performed some planning on a
national scale in the form of public works, our
lame attempts at planning in industry and ag-
riculture, the NRA and the AAA have been
' scarcity programs in order to make our price
system work. The crassness of such programs
assume a new light when we think of all the
people who are "ill-clad, ill-housed, ill-fed."
There will always be more wants than there are
goods, that is, a form of relative scarcity, but
why enforce a system of absolute scarcity. It is
the most fitting tribute to our intellectual light-
headedness to live in a country of abundant nat-
ural resources, pervasive technological achieve-
ments, masses of technical and unskilled work-
ers, enticing "charts of plenty," and yet we tol-
erate poverty, disease, unemployment, ignorance,
and numerous other blights of civilization.
Though Governor Murphy is to be commended
for his audacious step, there is room for criticism,
however, in the composition of the State Plan-
ning Commission itself. Out of nine members,
two are State officials, four are educators, and
three are business executives. There is nothing
wrong in the appointments per se, but there has
been one important category omitted, namely or-
ganized labor. Beneath the present appointments
can be detected the effects of the walloping criti-
cism the Governor received when he appointed
the United Auto Workers' Vice-President Richard
Frankensteen to a position on the State Relief
Commission, a commission upon which labor un-
questionably deserved a representative. The men
appointed to the Planning Commission may very
well be "men of broad vision, varied interests and
wide knowledge of affairs, who will be able to
formulate and pursue a well-rounded program
of practical and intelligent planning which will
receive public acceptance." But do not "in-
through Abner E. Lamed, director of the state
unemployment system, and the University of
Michigan's William Haber, author of the State
Unemployment Compensation Act, direct repre-
sentation is as important for labor as it is for
capital, which is amply represented on the Com-
mission. - Historic and economic forces seem to
indicate that the planning commission will as-
sume a position of commanding significance in
the future and hence magnifies the stake labor
should have in the commission. It is no more
than honest democratic procedure to allow Mich-
igan labor to voice its sentiments in "inquiries
and researches" that will influence the destiny
of the Michigan working man.
This week marks an anniversary--a first and
not a very glad anniversary. One year ago a
little group of Michigan students put aside their
text books and tennis racquets and departed for
Spain. It is safe to say that the spirit in which
these students went off to war was considerably
different from that prevailing 20 years earlier
when a previous generation of Michigan men
departed for European battlefields. These stu-
dents were neither stirred by war bands nor in-
flamed by patriotic editorials and speeches; they
made their decisions privately, with no pres-
sure from the outside, and in full knowledge of
the consequences. They went to war with their
eyes open. They were not out for heroics and
a holiday, but because they believed they could
contribute something, quite possibly at the cost
of their lives, to the defense of civilization.
In the war going on in Spain they saw a
struggle between a workers' democracy in which
every man and woman shared, as in the United
States, in the government of the Republic, and
a military hierarchy, in the employ of a group
of great landowners and property owners intent
uponpreserving the system of exploitation which
had made them wealthy. They saw a struggle
between a great people which had just achieved
its freedom from centuries of oppression and two
foreign dictators; intent on destroying the Re-
public for their own profit. They saw a strug-
gle for the Spanish earth between Spanish peas-
ants, miners and workers, men and women of
every sort, against German, Italian and Moor-
ish mercenaries. They saw a struggle between
democracy and tyranny, between, in short, right
Today the fate of the Michigan men in the
International Brigade is uncertain. It is known
that at least one will not return. The Republic for
which they fought is hard-pressed, and their
lives may have been thrown away in vain.
It is stupid to say that the world has not
gained something from the, Michigan students
and other young men of all nations who have
gone to Spain to fight against Franco, even if
their cause is ,lost. The crushing irony of the
whole matter is that the Lincoln Battalion, in
which most of the Americans were enlisted, has
been under the fire of American bullets and
bombs, sold to Germany and Italy by American
munitions firms. And in the meantime, while
Mr. Hull and Mr. Welles, solemnly condemn bar-
barity in warfare, the embargo on arms to the
Spanish Republic continues in force.
Every success of fascism is an ultimate threat
to the safety of the United States. The history
of the last five years demonstrates that fascism
never stops advancing as long as it meets no
resistance. If Mussolini and Hitler are permitted
to succeed in Spain, it will simply mean that they
must be arrested at a later time, probably when
they are much stronger, as a result of the Span-
ish and other victories. In Paris people urging a
stronger policy on the government say, "After
Spain comes France." And after France, what?
The Michigan men and their coinrades in arms
have provided an opportunity for the democratic
nations to halt fascism more easily and ef-
fectively than they will ever be able to, in all
probability, in the uncertain future if Franco
is allowed to win his war. The resources of the
two dictators are strained tenuously at present;
Loyal Spain, amply provided with arms, could
throw off her invaders. A victory for Loyal Spain
would safeuard Czechoslovakia and France, and
But the State Department continues to deal in
phrases, while the bombs rain on Barcelona.
As Others See It
We are not sure of the authorship of the
axiom that "eternal vigilance is the price of
liberty," but we have never been more certain
of its truth. It has been attributed to Thomas
Jefferson, to Patrick Henry and to others. To-
day, when liberty, is menaced in every civilized
land, this axiom which had almost dropped out
of common usage, comes back to us afresh and
with a doubly forceful message.
The cry is again raised that freedom of the
press is threatened. The plaintiff is J. David
Stern, publisher of the New York Post. The Post
was about to publish information it had pur-
chased from L. G. Turrou, which had been ob-
tained by Turrou in his official capacity as the
Government's chief investigator in the German
The Government is seeking to enjoin publica-
tion of what has been described as the "signed
confessions" of four suspects now in custody and
still to be tried. The Government contends that
publication at this time would hamper the prog-
ress of the investigation now under way.
Turrou has resigned as an investigator, though
his resignation, it is explained, will not be ac-
cepted and thus become formally effective, until
September. The point need not be pressed. Let
By JOSEPH GLES
Arms, And. The Man1t
ARMS AND THE MAN, by George Bernard Shaw, pre-
sented by the Michigan Repertory Players. Direction
by Valentine B. Windt, scenery by Oren Parker and
Robert Mellencamp, costumes by James V. Doll. At
the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
George Bernard Shaw is reported severely ill
in England at 82 while waiting for his next play
to open, and everyone who saw the charming
little piece of hilarity at the Mendelssohn last
night must certainly wish the old guy a speedy
recovery. Arms And The Man, which I can't help
thinking of under its far better suited musical
comedy title of The Chocolate Soldier, was given
an exquisite performance by Ed Jurist, Charley
Harrel and their Repertory collaborators.
Mr. Harrell and Mr. Jurist, as the straw hero
of Bulgaria and the sober and bourgeois Swiss
soldier of fortune, respectively, provided the chief
part of the entertainment. Each went through
his part with a perfect understand of the
somewhat archaic comedy technique required.
H arrel's marvelous punch line, in response to the
bewilderment of Major Petkoff (Truman Smith)
over the revelation of the risque conduct of his
daughter and his wife, "The world is not as in-
nocent as we used to believe," was a perfectly
placed and delivered climax.
Mr. Smith and Nancy Bowman (Mrs. Major
Petkoff) played with their customary bouncing
gusto. Miss Bowman, if I remember correctly,
played the same role in the production of The
Chocolate Soldier a couple of summers ago, a
production, incidentally, which, good as it was,
did not equal last night's for sheer entertain-
ment. Virginia Frink Harrell gave a good per-
formance as Raina, the major's daughter, a part
which could easily have been over-acted. Evelyn
Smith was vivacious and extremely pretty as the
successfully impudent servant girl, Louka.
But the lion's share of credit, which is the
only share he ever takes anyway, must go to
the immortally witty G.B.S., may he live to be
a hundred and eighty-two.
ascribe to the Government equally sincere pur-
pose? When the Government says, as it does
say, that publication in advance of prosecution
might obstruct its efforts and disserve justice, is
it not fair to believe that the Government is tell-
ing the truth?
TUESDAY, JUNE 28, 1938 1
VOL. XLVIII. No. 2
Summer School Reception is to bet
held in the Horace Rackham Schoolr
for Graduate Studies on July 1st at
8:30 p.m. The following rooms have
been assigned to the various depart-
Administrative Receiving Line, As-t
sembly Room, 3rd floor, Professor4
Biological Chemistry, Blue Room,
3rd floor, Professor Lewis.
Chemistry, Blue Room. 3rd floor,
Hygiene and Public Health, Read-t
ing Room, 2nd floor, Dr. Sundwall.
International Law, West Wing of
Assembly Room, 3rd floor, Professori
Institute of Far Eastern Studies,
Men's Lounge, 2nd floor, Professor
Library Science, Women's Lounge,
2nd floor. Dr. Bishop.
Linguistic Institute, Men's Lounge,
2nd floor, Professor Friese.
Mechanical Engineering, E a s t
Council Room, 2nd floor, Professor
Music, Women's Lounge, 2nd floor,
Physics, Blue Room, 3rd floor,
Renaissance Studies, East Confer-
ence Room, 3rd floor, Professor Rice.
School of Education, Reading
Room, 2nd floor, Dean Edmonson.
Speech and Play Production, Wom-
en's Lounge, 2nd floor, Professor
The Beginners Class in Social Danc-
ing will have their first meeting to-
night (Tuesday, June 28th) at 7:30
p.m. in the Michigan League Ball-
room. Sign up for lessons when you
come to the class. Six lessons for
Summer School Chorus: A recrea-
tional hour open to all summer
school students without fee. 7 to 8
p.m. Morris Hall (Broadcasting Sta-
tion), State Street, every Tuesday
Music School Men: Do you want to
be a Kingfish? Then attend a meet-
ing in Room 222 Michigan Union,
this evening at 8 p.m. Prominent
speakers! F u n! Refreshments!
Make new friends!
E.E. 7a. Building Illumination.
Those desiring to enroll in this course
will meet Tuesday at 4 in Room 247,
West Engineering Building, to ar-
Political Science 250. The organiza-
tion meeting, originally scheduled
for Tuesday, June 28. at 3 p.m., will
take place Wednesday, June 29, at
4 p.m. in Room 2033 Angell Hall.
Dancing will have their first meeting
Wednesday, June 29 at 7:30 p.m. in
the Michigan League Ballroom. Sign
up for lessons when you come to the
class. Six lessons for $1.50.
Professor P. P. Ewald from the
Crystallographic Laboratory at Cam-
bridge, England, will give two lec-
tures. (1) Weedneesday, June 29 at
4:15 p.m. in room 151 Chemistry
Building on "How to look at crystal
structure determinations." (2) On
Thursday, June 30 at 11:00 a.m. in
room 1041 Physics Building, "Mul-
tiple reflection of X-rays in Cry-
Rotarians in the Summer Session:
The Ann Arbor Rotary Club is an-
xious to secure at once the names ard1
addresses of all Rotarians enrolled in
the Summer Session. The Club de-
sires to extend the usual courtesies to
visiting Rotarians and especially to
invite them to the Smoker, at the
Michigan Union, Tuesday, July 5, and
;he Conference on International Serv-
ice, July 6. They are requested to
leave their names and addresses in
Room 9, University Hall, at their
Dr. Mowat G. Fraser will deliver
a lecture at 4:05 p.m. Tuesday, in
the University High School Auditor-
ium. 'His topic will be "The Causes
and Ranges of Current Educational
Treends--An Attempt to Gain Per-
June 28 to Jply 1 inclusive, Profes-
sor R. Keith Cannan of New York
University will lecture on "The
Physical Chemistry of the Proteins
and the Amino Acids." This lecture
will be at 2:00 o'clock p.m., in room
303 of the Chemistry Building. All
students of the Summer Session who
I are interested are invited to attend.
Phi Delta Kappa. The first of the
regular Tuesday luncheon meetings
of Phi Delta Kappa will be held
Tuesday at 12:15 in the Michigan
Union. Dean J. B. Edmonson of the
School of Education is the speaker.
All Phi Delta Kappas are urged to
I An Assembly of undergraduate and
graduate students interested in Edu-
cation will meet Tuesday at 4:10 p.m.'
in the University High School Au-
IThe Intermediate Class in. Social
..Chemistry Lectures. During the
Summer Session the following lec-
tures will be held in the Chemistry
Wed. June 29-Professor P. P.
Ewald, Cambridge, England. How to
look at crystal structure determin-
Wed. July 6-Professor H. H. Will-
ard. Fluorescense and its applica-
tion to analytical chemistry.
3d or 4th week-Professor J. W.
Cook, London, England. Cancer pro-
ducing substancees. Professor C. S.
Schoepfle. Discovery and development
of synthetic dyes.
Wed., July 27--Professor F. E.
Bartell. Recent developments in syn-
Wed. August 3-Professor F. F.
Blicke. Developments in synthetic
Wed. August 10- Professor K.
Fajans. Newer views on the nature
of chemical forces.
All lectures will be held at 4:15
in room 151 Chemistry Building, ex-
cept the lecture of Professor J. W.
Cook, which will be held in room
Exact dates of these lectures will
be announced later.
Graduate Conference on Renais-
sance Studies Luncheon, Thursday;
June 30, 12:15 p.m. at the Michigan
Union. Fifty-seven cents per person.
Professor Bush will speak. Make
reservations at the English Of.ce.
3221 Angell Hall.
Excursion Number 1. Thursday,
June 30, 2 p.m. Tour of the Campus.
The party meets in the lobby of
Angell Hall, facing on State Street,
at 2 p.m. The students will make an
(Continued on Page 3)
BOOKS ~andO K
THE SUMMER, SESSION
LOADS OF THEM AT BARGAIN PRICES!
- - --~
Fountain Pens, Loose Leaf Note Books
Laboratory Supplies, etc., etc.
EVERYTHING FOR THE STUDENT
21F Cn..4i.L am.e& tmj