THE MICHIGAN DAILY
. . .
Franco To Horowitz
p.L. Tv~~H'4h r tUIpNT
W M -~~~- ~~R' d AWSI
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Publishe every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
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use for republication of al news dispatches credited to
°tNor not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
ights of republication of all other matters herein also
renitered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
cond class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
$4~00" by mal, $4.50.w
Sember, Associated Collegiate Press, 1937-38
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MANAGING EDITOR.. IRVING SILVERMAN
City Editor ....... Robert I. Fitzhenry
AL ssistant Editors. . . . . Mel Fineberg,
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BUSINESS MANAGER.. . ERNEST A. JONES
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NIGHT EDITOR: ELLIOTT MARANISS
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the'views of the writers
It is important for society to avoid the
neglect of adults, but positively dangerous
for it to thwart the ambition of youth to
reform the world. Only the schools which
act on this belief are educational institu-
tions in the best meaning of the term.
--Alexander 0. Ruthven.
The NLRB And
Free Speeche.. .
T HEN THE NATIONAL Labor Rela-
tions Act was passed one short article
in the act was viewed with apprehension by
students of labor relations. The article in ques-
tion was the one stating that "no employer shall
interfere with, restrain, or coerce" employees in
the latter's attempt to organize for purposes of
mutual aid and collective bargaining. In two
recent cases before the National Labor Relations
Board the question of what constitute "inter-
ference with, restraint or coercion" has been
shoved into the foreground. In the case of a
Maryland shoe manufacturer the NLRB has cited
as a determining factor in its decision the dis-
tribution of a booklet containing an anti-CIO
speech delivered in Congress by Congressman
Ioffman of Michigan as a violation of the
Wagner Act. Similarly in the Henry Ford case,
the distribution to employees of a reprint of a
newspaper interview denouncing labor unions
and the Wagner Act was an element in the
In the cases cited the companies have chal-
langed the action of the Board as unconstitu-
tional because it is a violation of the first amend-
ment to the Constitution "Congress shall make
no law abridging the freedom of the speech or
of the press." In fact those who have felt the
pangs of the decisions of the NLRB are taking
their cases to the Supreme Court on this issue.
In the consideration of such a challenge, the
Supreme Court, as the NLRB, has to face a
hard problem, namely, what procedure will per-
mit the greatest liberty in order to allow the
employer to make known a strong anti-union
'position so as to not interfere with the right of
free speech and at the same time temper that
right to allovf laborers to join together for the
purpose of collective bargaining.
In meetng this problem the Court will have
to make a distinction betxeen kinds of rights
and liberties. It being the constitutional right
of every American to express his opinion, the
aim of the court is to permit an equal exercise
of that right in the case of the employer and
employee. If the employer expresses his opinion
in the form of a denunciation of labor 'unions,
that employer can reinforce his denunciation
with the economic action of hiring and firing.
On the other hand the employee knows that
when the employer is strongly against unioniza-
tion, union activity will endanger his job.
Hence we have a distinction of far-reaching
dimensions. Whereas both parties have _consti-
tutional or political rights of free speech only
one party, the employer, has the economic
means to enforce that right. Of course the
laborers have recourse to the strike but that is
an inefficient andcostly instrument. If the
Supreme Court should sustain the action to the
NLRB by ruling that strong anti-union senti-
ment expressed by an employer is a form of
"interference,restraint, andcoercion" of the
fundamental right of labor to organize for pur-
poses of mutual aid and protection,"then the
Court will have adopted the distinction between
political and economic liberty, a distinction
which one can readily foresee will assume a grow-
ing proportion in American economic life.
To the Editor:
Too busy in Spain right now to answer Mr.
Horowitz at length. Suggest that our official
representatives at Ann Arbor explain that Je
Suis Partout taken by the library so, that the
democratic rights may be preserved for all. Don't
let it leak out that the French Popular Front
newspapers, which so far we have succeeded in
excluding from Michigan, are readable. Also
suggest red-scare to divert attention. Heil Hit-
1800 Or 1940?
To the Editor:
I was very interested in your report on Dr.
Bloomfield's lecture. It tempts me to air one of
my pet peeves. Is it yours also?
Of all branches of study, language seems to
be the only one which accepts usage and the
record of the past as the final authority. Why
should we teach "I done it" just because the man
on the street corner says it that way. Why should
we teach "I did it" just because our ancestors
said it that way? What would we say of the
economist who said "The protective tariff is a
good thing" just because the farmers believe it,
or of the educator who said "You must stick to
the textbook" because thousands of people have
been taught that way?
Isn't there a better way? The child who says
"those mans" deserves an A. He has observed
examples of the formation of plurals; made a
generalization, and applied it to a specific case.
Why should he be corrected (?) for not making
the same mistake his grandfathe made? Let
us give the child a C if he says "I seen" for an A
for "I seed" and "I have seed." The first would
have two parts of the verb alike, the latter would
make it completely regular. Why should we
endure route and root in the same language?
In this changing world, let us cross out the con-
fusing antiques and invent or borrow something
bettgr. An English-German dictionary readily
supplies Weg as a substitute for route.
Not long ago a man might ride horseback about
50 miles a day; Now men ride in the air four times
as many miles in one hour. The need is not
for the language of Shakespeare but a language
for the Hughes' and Corrigans of today and the
future. Let us make English a regular, logical,
easily learned language; then'the world will bor-
row our speech as now it borrows our planes.
No official explanation can obscure the signifi-
cance of the almost unprecedented role an
Englishman is cast to play in Central Europe.
Mr. Chamberlain told the House of Commons
yesterday that Lord Runciman, the former
President of the Board of Trade, was not going
to act as arbitrator in the triangular dispute over
the German minority in Czechoslovakia. Inde-
pendently of the British Government, it was
stated, the British envoy will work as investigator
and mediator in the effort to find a peaceful
solution of the problem disturbing Europe.
This is the diplomatic definition of a most
unusual misson. Lord Runciman is sent to
Prague to sit on the lid of a boiling kettle, and
he is sent not at the initiative of the Czechs or
the Sudeten Germans but of the Chancellor of
the Reich. The procedure is extraordinary, but
by that very fact it serves to throw a clearer
light on the continuing crisis over Czechoslovakia.
The British would hardly have taken this step
unless they were' certain that negotiations would
break down as soon as the new minorities' bill is
published in Prague, and that this breakdown
would bring Europe closer to the brink of war
than it was in May. Nor would Herr Hitler have
sent a special envoy to urge the British to "arbi-
trate" unless he, too, feared a show-down now
and is anxious to avoid it. Balked in the hope of
dominatng Czechoslovakia without the use of
force, he makes in his appeal to London an astute
move to enlist British help in wringing the utmost
concessions from Prague in the name of peace.
Another indication of the changing wind is a
statement of Konrad Henlein to a London paper
ruling out war as a solution of Sudeten difficul-
ties and emphasizing that his followers do not
ask annexation to the Reich.
French acquiescence in the British lead shows
that Paris, likewise, is ready to go to the limit
to settle the Sudeten question on any terms that
will save the independence of Czechoslovakia.
Lord Runciman's mission, therefore, would seem
to brighten the prospects of a compromise. His
presence at least assures all concerned that the
way of negotiation is not closed. More important
still perhaps it is a visible sign that Britain is
not "and cannot be disiniterested in Central Eur-
ope. Whatever else Lord Runciman represents in
Prague he certainly represents a British com-
mitment-to a peaceful settlement if that s
possible; to the alternative if his mediation fails.
This view of his role is implicit in Mr. Cham-
berlain's final speech on foreign policy before
a parliamentary recess that will leave him to
carry on alone for three months. He said that
he sought agreement on the Sudeten conflict be-
cause the way to general appeasement could not
be opened while any major cause of dispute re-
mains unsettled a clear reference not only to
Czechoslovakia but to Spain the two barriers to
any approach to understanding with Italy and
Germany. At the same time he gave the most
forthright warning he has yet uttered that his
policy is not to be interpreted as an effort for
neace at any price. In declaring that no nne
Ii fe enrlo Me
STAMFORD, Conn., July 29.-One of those in-
fant prodigy preachers is scheduled to deliver a
sermon hereabouts next week. I hope that multi-
tudes of us religious-minded
folk will stay away in droves.
Faith is not propagated by
such antics. Child labor is
just as out of place in the
pulpit as anywhere else.
A recent picture of a tiny
tot performing a marriage
ceremony for two smirking
adults seemed to me just
about as noxious an exhibit
as I have seen in the news of late. The flashlight
of the leap from the Gotham was far less
After all, there are societies which police the
conditions under which children appear in shows
or flatly prohibit them. These organizations
should take similar action when infants are set
up to seek conversion through convulsions. If I
speak with warmth it may be that I have been
frightened by a story told by a neighboring
dominie in his sermon of last Sunday. The
anecdote may be described as the narrative of
a lovely ,lady and the lisping tot.
"I once heard one of the most famous reform
workersm of New York tell how she came to
charitable work and why she gave up low-cut
dresses," began the minister and proceeded to
relate the following shocking episode:
Lovely Lady And Lisping Tot
"Sister Jane Doe, as I shall call her, was ready
to start for the theatre one night in what was
termed a 'fashionable dress.' I may say that
the devil himself animated whatever seamstress
designed that gown. Sister Doe's little boy, a
manly lad of five, said to her, 'Mummy, you
are not going out that way? You are not dressed.'
There were tears in his voice, but his mother
paid no heed. In those days being in a state
of grace was less important to her than being in
the mode. But when she got to the theatre she
could not forget that childish voice in spite of the
garish lights, the sight of other women attired
in like manner and the antics of the players.
What the actors said was lost upon her, for
always she head in her ear, 'Not dressed! Not
dressed! Not dressed!'
"At last a blush of shame mantled to her
cheeks, and with the realization that a Chris-
tian mother should dress differently from the
idle and godless women of the world she drew
her cloak about her and went home, dressed-
or rather undressed-for the last time in such
a costume! If I gave you Sister Doe's real name
you would recognize it, for since that time she
has saved many souls in Newport, East Hampton
and even in Saratoga."
* * *
Concerning Little Pitchers
And all this goes to show how the heedless
words of a small child can sometimes just jam
up and ruin the best of parties. Little boys and
little girls should not be permitted to preach
either in public or in private. They should re-
ceive their moral tone from their parents and
be glad to get it. In the words of the beautiful
christening service, a child takes his father "for
better or worse."
Parents must take a firm stand in preserving
their freedom or they will be completely dom-
inated by the whims and Puritan prejudices of
their own offspring. The worst of all prudes
are the little ones. So pay no attention to any
reproach or exhortation which comes to you in
a childish treble. I certainly do not purpose to
come home in my cloak from any showwith
my whole evening loused up because the sweet
voice of some little one has been whispering in
my ear, "Not shaved! Not shaved! Not shaved!"
Speaking before the convention of the State
Police Chiefs Association at Saranac Lake, N. Y.,
Major W. H. Drane Lester, an inspector of the
Federal Bureau of Investigation, is quoted as
having condemned "'sob sisters' throughout the
land for their sympathy with the desperate
criminal, and lack of sympathy for the protec-
tive measures of the peace officer." He also
criticized newspapers, the radio and motion pic-
tures for what he called the "glorification" of the
criminal. These, of course, are convenient and
moth-eaten "chestnuts." Where are these "sob
sisters," and where is the glorification? There
was a time, perhaps, when a complaint such as
that made by Major Lester might have had a
very limited justification. However, this sort of
talk continues and has been indulged in by no
less a person than Major Lester's chief, Mr. J.
Edgar Hoover, who has never been accused of
Who have been the heroes of the last few
years? Not Dillinger, not "Old Creepy" Karpis,
not "Pretty Boy" Floyn. Far from it. The heroes
haye been the members of Major Lester's own
organization, the Bureau of Federal Investigation,
popularly known as the G-Men. Children these
days play not with the weapons of the safe
blower and the "stickup" man, but with the
"tommy" guns and other appurtenances of the
G-Man. True, newspapers have not stopped
printing crime news-it is to be hoped they
never do-but the reporting, or so it seems, has
become increasingly accurate, factual and real-
istic. Mr. Thomas E. Dewey, our District Attor-
ney, is on record as having said that the press
was of tremendous aid in helping him suppress
the rackets, which is true enough. Where is the
svmnathv for the criminal ,ither in the nress
Colleges of Literature, Science, and
the Arts, and Architecture; Schools
of Education, Forestry and Music:
Each student who has changed his'
address since June registration should
file a change of address in Room 4
T.H. so that the report of his sum-
mer work will not be misdirected.
Orchestra Concert. The Summer
Session Symphony Orchestra, Thor
Johnson, conductor, will give a con-
cert in Hill Auditorium Sunday after-
noon, July 31, at 4:15 o'clock. Thel
general public is invited to attend
without admission charge.
The Graduate Outing Club will
meet on Sunday, July 31 at 2:30 p.m.
at the northwest entrance , of the
Rtckham Building. The group will
then decide between Wampler's Lake
and Silver Lake as the location for a
swim, baseball game and picnic. Come
and bring your friends.
Candidates for the Teacher's Cer-
tificate, to be recommended by the
Faculty of the School of Educationj
at the close of the Summer Session:
The Comprehensive Examination in
Education will be given on Saturday,
Aug. 6, at 9 o'clock in 1430 U.E.S.
Printed information regarding the
examination may be secured at the
School of Education office.
Attention: Faculty and Students,
Division of Hygiene and Public
Health. There will be an all-de-
partment supper in the garden of the
League on Monday, Aug. 1, at 6:30
p.m. Reservations may be made in
Room 2, Waterman Gymnasium, un-
til noon on Monday.
Colloquium in Physical Chemistry
will be held on Monday, Aug. 1 at
4:15 p.m. in the amphitheatre of the
Horace H. Rackham School of Grad-
uate Studies. Dr. J. O. Hirschfelder
of the University of Wisconsin will
speakon "Determination of vn der
Waals' forces from the Joule-Thom-
son Effect." All interested are invited.
Cabaraet Supper Dance Committee:
Meeting Monday' night at 7 p.m. in
the Kalamazoo Room of the Michi-
gan League. All members please be
SATURDAY, JULY 30, 1938 will be shown for summer school stu-
VOL. XLVIII. No. 29 1dents on Monday, Aug. 1 at the Wom-
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre. Last en's Athletic Building at 7:30 p.m.
performance tonight at 8:30 of "Kind Those not enrolled in the classes are
Lady." by Edward Chodorov. A few cordially invited.
tickets still available at box office,
The German Table will go on a pic-
nic Wednesday, Aug. 3. Cars will
leave from the parking space at Old
University Hall at 5 p.m. Please make
reservations through the office of
the German Department, 204 U.H. by
The Cabaret Supper Dance, Tues-
day, Aug. 2, from 6:30 to 9:30. There
will be dinner, dancing, and a floor
show. Tickets are limited to 300. Get
your tickets from members of the
Women's Education Club.
First Baptist Church, 512 E. Huron
St. 10:45 a.m. morning worship. The
speaker will be Mr. Kenneth Morgan,
director of activities of the Students
Religious Association, whose subject
is "The Experimental Method in Re-
ligion." 9:30 a.m. The Church
School meets' with Mr. Herman
Frinkle as superintendent.
pictures taken in travel in European
First Presbyterian Church, 1x32
The Rev. John A. Gardner of Mid-
land, Mich.. will be the guest speaker
at the Morning Worship Service at
10:45. He has chosen for his topic,
"Moody, Modern Disciple." Dr. Healey
Willan at the console and directing
the choir. The musical numbers will
include: Organ Prelude. "Now Come
Thou Savior" by Bach; Anthem, "O
King All-glorious" by Willan; Quar-
tette, "O Come, Everyone that Thirs-
teth" by Mendelssohn; Organ Post-,
lude, "Fugue In' F Minor" by Bach.
The supper for summer school stu-
dents will be held as usual at 5:30
p.m. Miss Helen Culley is in charge
'this week. Weather permitting the
program will be held in the open-air
theatre. Prof. Toward Y. McClusky
will speak on the WL ic. "The Psycho-
logical Approach to Religion."
Episcopal Student Gi vip, Picnic
Sunday night at the Salim Valley
Farms. Cars will leave the church
(306 N. Division) at 5:30 p.m. Sup-
per 25 cents. Swimming and baseball.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the University.
Copy received at the office of the Summer Session until 3:30; 11:00 am Saturday
until 3:30; 11:00 a.m. on Saturday.
Baptist University Students. 6 p.m. St. Andrew's, Episcopal Church.
Sunday evening at the Guild House, Services of worship Sunday are:, 8
503 E. Huron St., Miss Esman Orcutt, a.m. Holy Communion, 11 a.m. morn-
Graduate student, and director of the ing prayer and address by the Rev.
state W.W.G. organization, who re- Frederick W. Leech.
cently attended the Youth Confer-
ence in Columbus, Ohio, will give a First Church of Christ, Scientist,
survey of the discussions as e 409 S. Division St. Sunday morning
apply to the current youth polm. I service at 10:30. Subject: "Love."
During the social hour which fol- Golden Text:3Psalms 145:9. Sun-
lows Mr. Joseph R. Blair, of Troy, N.C. day School at 11:45.
who has been engaged in medical redy o 1
search in Cambridge, England, will Christian Student Prayer Group
show a series of interesting moving (Continued on Page 3)
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