THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SATURDAYS SULT 31, 1.931
_. E WOSATR1YJUL 3, 93
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Official Publication of the Summer Session
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and the Sunmer Session.
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second class mall matter.
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NIGHT EDITOR: ROBERT I. FITZHENRY
AMERICA has lost faith in its press.
The newspaper is no longer the
force in government it once was. The reason
seems largely that it has prostituted itself be-.
fore Mammon: Year by year the public has
watched its morning and evening papers ad-
vance their own interests rather than those
of its readers, in high-sounding phrases that
ill concealed true motives.
Newspapers that began as militant liberal
sheets grew conservative as the owners tasted
profits. News was biased by the advertising
columns. And pressure from the advertising
staff has not been the only reason, for hedging,
as Upton Sinclair's "Brass Check" shows. As the
publisher finds security in'his venture, even
though it began as an outspoken journal against
unfairness, he gradually loses interest in liberal-
ism, or is afraid to show enthusiasm for new re-
forms. Money is not the only reason, often not
the outstanding reason, for conservatism. The
publisher, desiring a secure social position for
his family, veers from controversies that may
impugn his standing in his own little community
in the better part of town.
The last presidential campaign, when practi-
cally every metropolitan newspaper was pro-Lan-
don, distinctly indicated the loss of power of our
press when Roosevelt was re-elected with the
largest majority in history-and most of his sup-
port coming from the cities.
Radio, of course, has been a factor in de-
stroying the force once enjoyed by the press.
No matter what the editorial writers say, if
the candidates can come directly to the people
themselves and present their platforms, the
voters can make up their own minds. And this
is a healthy situation.
But still, there is a need for newspapers in
political, social, and economic questions. That
need is not being filled because people can't
believe the press any more. Thinly-clothed ar-
guments against the child labor amendment fool
few persons who think.
It was evident that the "little merchant" sys-
tem-corner newsboys-without which large
dailies would be hampered-was the moving
spirit behind the attacks on the bill. News-
papers have been against unionism sometimes
because it meant they would have to pay their
reporters and desk men a decent wage. Edi-
torial comment on the open-shop privilege didn't
succeed in camouflaging the real purposes. Tax-
ation measures were condemned because they
woulld strike the publisher, who sits in his spare
time ,on directorate boards of other businesses.
At the present time, Irving Brant, editorial di-
rector cf the St. Louis Star-Times, laments the
ineffectiveness of the press at a time when pres-
tige is sorely needed. The New Deal, he says,
is an unwritten compact between President
Roosevelt and 27,000,000 voters who re-elected
him last fall, yet its progressiveness is opposed
by the press. Not the people who work on the
papers-of which he claims, the largest number
is pro-Roosevelt-but the publisher, favors re-
trenchment, when the country is asking for social
"Never in American history was there so great
need to move from unified political organization
and action. Against this necessary step, the
American press, responsive to the narrowest in-
terpretation of the economic interest of its own-
ers, stands as the chief obstacle. I hope that
it may not be written down in history as the
stumbling block over which American democracy
THE DELINQUENTS of tomorrow
-and in many cases the criminals
of the day after tomorrow-can be found in four
groups of children, according to Lowell Juilliard
Carr, director of the Michigan Juvenile Delin-
quency Information Service. These four groups
comprise former inmates of juvenile correc-
tional institutions; probationers under local
Juvenile Court; problem children who have not
been brought before the Juvenile Courts; and
children living in various types of high-risk
These four categories actually simmer down
to two, the last. The first two groups which
Professor Carr lists are simply those children
from the last two groups who have been caught.
The first two classes of children are re-
ceiving a certain amount of attention. Although
overcrowded, penal institutions and Juvenile
Courts, correctional schools and law-enforce-
ment agencies, spread in a network over the
state and nation.
The third class of children, those with behavior
problems, have long been neglected. But they,
too, are at last to receive some attention. The
Orr Plan for state-wide treatment of behavior
maladjustments in children has finally been
put into law by the Flynn-Palmer bill. Let it be
understood that none of these groups of chil-
dren have received adequate care and treatment.
They have not. Penny-pinching legislators still
do not realize the importance of stopping crime
at the source.
But there is a fourth group of children. The
basic group. The group behind the othe'
groups. The children in high-risk situations.
What is a high-risk situation? Professor Carr
says that at least five situations must be includ-
ed: poverty and relief homes; homes broken by
death, desertion, divorce, imprisonment, or in-
ternal conflict; cultural conflict situations such
as are found among migrant Negroes from the
South, disorganized immigrant groups; deterior-
ated neighborhoods, unorganized fringe areas;
and areas in which delinquency has become tra-
ditional, a definite culture trait.
Get hold of a copy of Loeb's "Chart of Plenty,"
or of the Brookings Institution's "America's Ca-
pacity to Produce." Read it. Study it. Then look
at the high-risk situations. What is their basic
element? What plays a part in every situation?
Poverty. That is the foundation stone of
juvenile delinquency. It is the ground-work of
crime. It is the thing that drives men to crime.
It is the cold fact that denies children the train-
ing which would keep them away from crime.
It is the thing which puts them on the street
for their amusement-and for their character
training. It is the reason mothers go to work
and leave their children with inadequate care.
"It has been estimated that more than 7,500,-
000 children in the United States are living under
conditions of insecurity, poverty and strain," says
Professor Carr, "taking no account of the 15,-
000,000 other children suffering from disease or
physical handicaps." With that kind of a back-
ground can you wonder at America's estimated
annual crime bill of from $750,000,000 to $18,-
Did Loeb or the Brookings Institution give
you a background for poverty? An excuse for
its existence? We doubt it. America is the rich-
est nation on earth so poverty drives its chil-
dren into crime. Out of a great unused pro-
ductive capacity we get scarcity. It's a mad
The American people ought to take a look at
America. They ought to examine poverty amidst
riches; then they should decide what's wrong
and do a little acting.
And after poverty is out of the way crime
can be reconsidered. Then, and only then, can
we hope to do more than touch the surface
of the problem.
As Others See It
After Ten Years
THE RETURN of the Davis Cup after a ten-
year absence rests on a brilliant achievement
by one man, one of the most brilliant in the
history of 'tennis. In fact, the pre-eminent skill
of Budge was such that, once the redoubtable
Von Cramm had fallen before him and the Ger-
man team had been eliminated, hardly a doubt
remained as to the final outcome. The British,
having lost Perry tp professional tennis, were
not in the top flight.
But the element of luck that has helped to
keep the cup abroad for so many years was
not lacking even in yesterday's sweeping victory.
Had Perry remained an amateur, for example,
what a contest there would have been! Success
in the Davis Cup contests hangs not at all upon
the general class of a country's tennis or even
upon its second-string players. Only that amaz-
ingly slender list of true geniuses at the game
counts in this extraordinary test of the world's
The United States retains the lead in the
series, having won the cup eleven times, as
against nine for Great Britain, six for Australasia
and six for France. Each string of victories, for
whichever nationality, has represented the rise to
supremacy of one or two great players. It is a
striking fact that rarely has a nation won for a
single year at a time. Britain has just closed
a four-year triumph that rested largely upon the
alert shoulders of Perry. Before that, France
ruled the tennis world for six years, thanks to
Lacoste and Cochet. From 1920 to 1926 Tilden
and Johnston were equally successful on behalf
of this country. That rare and invaluable con-
tributor, a great doubles player, has played a
scintillating part in certain years-a Borotra or
an Allison-but in the main the great singles
On The Level
By CREIGHTON COLEMAN
The season is one of fish stories so here is ours
for the day. General Forbes and Doctor Heiser
were trolling one afternoon when Governor
Forbes had a good strike. Heiser upon looking
over the edge of the boat pronounced it to be a
sea bass, while Forbes on glancing at the catch
while a short distance from the boat claimed it
to be a red snapper. Meanwhile Forbes con-
tinued to slowly reel in his tackle, 'and when
the fish finally came to the surface one hook
had on it a red snapper, the other hook a sea
bass. Wouldn't it be nice though if all fish
stories could have as logical an ending?
* * * *
The drug was not the cause of the tragedy,
but the tragedy was the cause of the drug.-Ches-
It seems that a small town school board in the
Western part of Michigan was having trouble
in picking a superintendent. They had limited
the field to two men however, one of whom
demanded $2,400 and the other $2,600. Well,
the school board looked at the $200 as quite
an item as school boards are apt to do, and was
" about to hire the $2,400 man when one of the
members of the board had an inspiration, point-
ing out the fact that the $2,600 man had three
children of school age who would naturally be
going to school and each one of which would
bring in $65 from the State School Aid Fund.
Thereby making the difference between the two
men only one of $5. But thereupon another board
member pointed out the further fact that each
child would also bring in $10 from the primary
school fund. Naturally on learning of this, the
board hired the $2,600 man thereby making $25
by doing so.
* * * *
Beware of the man you forget, he is the one
man that has you entirely at his disadvantage.
* * * *f
Another one gleaned from "An American Doc-
tor's Oddessy" is on that always present expense
account. This account upon being checked rather
closely was found to contain two dinners on the
same evening, the offerer -of said account ex-
plained the double entry by saying the first
dinner was on shipboard which he lost, the sec-
ond one was partaken on shore, which we pre-
sume was not lost.
Death has always seemed an ever-present
thing, but yet has not bothered us extremely
much in any of the forms that it has taken.
As Munthe puts it in his "Story of San Mich-
ele." "The kingdom of death has no borders,
the grave has no nationality. You are all
one and the same people now, you will soon
even look exactly the same. The same fate
awaits you all wherever you are laid to rest
to be forgotten and to moulder into dust, for
such is the law of life." Most of us see only
the serene and beautiful side of death, hot
the other side which is forbidding and ter-
rible. Most of us know only of the bitterness
of life not that of death. However, Munthe,
a doctor, looks at it in a manner which few of
us ever will. He has seen thousands killed at
one time when the earth erupted. He has
seen the plague kill thousands a day for
weeks. He has seen hundreds of thousands
killed on the battlefield. It is only when
you actually see death working in this
fashion that you really begin to know it as it
really is. It is not the mere wrestling match
that one sees in the hospital wards. But even
so "life is the same as it always was, un-
ruffled by the events, indifferent to the joys
and sorrows of fan, mute and incompre-
hensible as the sphinx. (Yet) the stage on
which the everlasting tragedy is enacted
changes constantly to avoid monotony. The
world we lived in yesterday is not the same
world as we live in today; inexorably it moves
on through the infinite towards its doom, and
so do we. 'No man bathes twice in the same
river' says Heroclitus. Some of us crawl
on our knees, some ride horseback or in motor
cars, others fly past the carrier pigeons in
airplanes. (But) there is no need for hurry-
ing; we are all sure to reach the journey's
Without the bacteria to maintain the con-
tinuities of the cycles of carbon and nitrogen
between plants and animals, all life would
"The cleansing light of universal knowledge"
may be turned on any subject that mankind
wishes. It is an all powerful light, one which
has done more for many than any other phe-
nomena, more than perhaps light (electric) itself.
It is a stark, real, and yet, just light. It enables
man to formulate laws and to carry them out.
It protects man in all of his activities.
It is particularly at this point of protection
that we wish to dwell for the moment. There
is present among us in every class, in every
group, and in every village, a nearly unseen
danger. Unseen however only to the class, group,
or village; as it is a seen danger to doctors,
medical men, and a few others. It is a danger
that threatens the life blood of every nation, it
is a danger which is steeped in tradition, and
is therefore harder to treat than mere dangerous
disease. It is a danger which makes the strong-
est man wince. It is not leprosy it is not cancer,
it is not consumption; none of these can be treat-
ed as successfully as can our danger. "The
cleansing light of universal knowledge," to again
use the phrase of Dr. Herman Bundesen, should
be; can be, and is being turned on this dreaded
Will the four Chinese students who
had their pictures taken at the Gen-
eral Motors Proving Ground last Sat-
urday, and also the young ladies who
had their pictures taken, come to the
office of the Summer Session today.
Christian Students Prayer Group
cordially invites all students, interest-
ed, to participate in the weekly meet-
ing held at the Michigan League on,
Saturdays, 7:30 p.m. For room in-
quire at desk.
a.m. with sermon by the pastor, Henry
0. Yoder, on "The Right of our Gifts."
Church worship services will be
held in Zion Lutheran Church at
10:30 with sermon by the pastor, Rev.
E. C. Stelhhorn.
Lutheran Students will meet at
Zion Lutheran Parish Hall at 5 p.m.
for a steak roast to be held at the
Bock home on Jackson Road. Trans-
portation to the place of meeting
will be provided for all desiring to go.
Cars will leave the Hall promptly at
Student Fellcwship Meeting: The
Summer School Student Fellowship
will have as its guests Sunday, Aug.
1,. at the regular meeting, the Young
People's Fellowship of St. Joseph's
Church of Detroit under the direction
of the Rev. Sheldon Harbach. Cars
will leave St. Andrew's Episcopal
Church 306 N. Division St. at 5 p.m.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the
University. Copy received at the office of the Summer Session, Room 1213
A. H. until 3:30; 11:00 a.m. on Saturday.
for the Saline Valley Farms and In-
dustries, Inc. An inexpensive picnic
supper will be served. Baseball and
Saint Andrew's Episco'a1 Church:
The services of worship Sunday, Aug.
1 are: 8 a.m. Holy Communion, 11
a.m. Holy Communion and sermon by
The Rev. Frederick W. Leech.
First Presbyterian Church: 10:45
a.m., Summer Union Service of the
pre s b y t e r i a n and Congregational
Churches to be held at the Congrega-
tional Church, corner of State and
William Streets. Dr. W. P. Lemon,
minister of the Presbyterian Church,
will preach. His subject will be
10:45 a.m., Nursery and Church
tSchool in the Church basement.
5:45 p.m., Round Table Conference
for students. The subject for discus-
sion will be "Religion Without God."
This is the sixth of a series on "Vital
Religious Issues" and will be presided
)over by Dr. W. P. Lemon. The supper
charge is 15 cents.
7:30 p.m., Interdenominational
(Continued on Page 4)
The Graduate Outing Club will
meet at Lane Hall Sunday, Aug. 1, atl
2 p.m. to go to Saline Valley FarmsA
for swimming, games and picnic sup-
per. In case of rain arrangements
will be made to stay in town. All
graduate students are cordially in-
First Baptist Church Sunday, 10:45,
a.m., Dr. E. W. Blakeman, counsellor
in Religious Education will speak.
His subject is "My Judgment as a
First Methodist Church: Morning
worship service at 10:30 a.m. Dr.
C. W. Brashares will preach on "To
Stalker Hall: Student class at 9:30
a.m. Prof. J. S. Worley will lead the
discussion on some phase of Modern
Social Hour and Tea, 5-6 p.m.:
Wesleyan Guild meeting at 6 p.m.
Dean James Edmonson of the School,
of Education will speak on "The
Church and Youth Today." All Meth-
odist students and their friends are
cordially invited to all of these meet-
First Church of Christ, Scientist,
409 South Division St. Morning serv-
ice at 11 a.m. Subject, "Love."
Golden Text: II Corinthians 13:11.
Responsive Reading: Ezekiel 34:11-
16, 25, 26.
Sunday School at 9:30 a.m.
Church Worship service will be held
in Trinity Lutheran Church at 9:15
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LOST AND FOUND
LOST : A Kappa Delta sorority pin.
N.S.A. Lost on campus. Reward.
Phone 2-2591. 641
LOST: White enamel cigarette case.'
Somewhere on campus. Finder
please return to the Publications
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Silks, wools our specialty. All bundles
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DANDY LOCATION. In woods, five-
room, cozy cottage, fresh decora-
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X ky are you
S a t 1
a pen all day
Do you sometimes wind up a day wondering why you're tired,
when you have lifted nothing heavier than a fountain pen all day?
Your eyes are probably doing all the "heavy work." Seeing affects
the entire body.
Prolonged visual work in poor light uses up a
tremendous amount of energy.
Good lighting can serve to prevent eyestrain and its accom-
panying fatigue. Lighting that makes seeing easier does much to
help conserve your energy. Mind and body remain fresher for a
longer period of time, without that let-down that so often follows
much study or writing. It helps to avoid many of the mistakes
that creep into your work as a result of physical and mental fatigue.
Your eyes too often take the abuse of poor lighting without
complaint. They cannot safely appraise seeing conditions. The
Sight Meter, on the other hand, indicates accurately how much
light you are getting. You can have your lighting measured with
the Sight Meter at no charge or obligation to you. Be sure that
your lighting is sufficient for every purpose.
Call the Detroit