Fair, not so cool in northwest
portion today; tomorrow unset-
tled and warmer.
C, - r
Newspapers And Sincerity ...
Feeding The Jails . .
Official Publication Of The Summer Session
VOL. XLVI. No. 29
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JULY 31, 1937
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Of Tientsin As
Science Library, Schools
And Business Districts
Are Targets For Planes
-On 100-Mile Front
TIENTSIN, July 30. -(A)-The
Japanese army today subjected
Tientsin to a second day of heavy
shelling and air bombardment as it
clamped its domination more grimly
on the whole region between the sea
and the Yungting River west of Pei-
Thousands of homeless Chinese
streamed out of the native sections of
Tientsin tonight, seeking escape
from the terror of the past two days.
Again Japanese shells and air
bombs fired buildings in the Chinese
sections of the city.hChinese said
corpses still lay in the streets, but
there was no estimate of casualties.
Yesterday, in the first day of bom-
bardment, Chinese officers said thou-
sands of non-combatant Chinese
were killed or wounded.
From many points along the twist-
ing 100-mile front between the coast
and Peiping's western environs came
Japanese claims of success for their
arms. Other accounts tended to show
that Chinese resistance had been
smashed over a wide ,area.
The Japanese declared today's
Tientsin bombardment was necessary
to wipe out centers of Chinese mili-
tary preparation and to turn back a
Chinese counter-attack. There had
been rifle firing along the fringes of
the Japanese concession, when sud-
denly Japanese air bombers and
heavy artillery swung into action.
Among the targets was the science
library of Nankai University, gift of
the Rockefeller Foundation to that
institution, most important center of
learning in the north. At the same
time the preparatory schools of Nan-
kai in the native city were bombed.
Nankai University has been a cen-
ter of patriotic student agitation
against Japan's attempts to domin-
ae Norrh China.
Domei, the Japanese news agency,
reported a Japanese column under
Major-General M. Kawabe captured
Changsintien, important station on
the Peiping-Hankow railway, 15
miles southwest of Peiping and on the
west bank of the Yungting River.
May Be Filled
Circuit Judges Hutcheson
And Brandon Mentioned
WASHINGTON, July 30.-(P)-Two
high administration officials predict-
ed tonight that a lower court judge
will be appointed to fill the existing
vacancy in the Supreme Court.
Refusing to be quoted by name,
they hinted that the new justice
will be selected from one of the cir-
cuits not now represented in the high
The officials said four or five cir-
cuits have no such representation.
Judges in two of these, the tenth and
fifth, already have been mentioned as
possible appointees. They are Judge
Sam Joseph C. Hutcheson, Jr., of
Texas, former mayor of Houston.
In effect, the administration execu-
tives threw cold water on current
speculation that Governor Frank
Murphy of Michigan, exponent of
Roosevelt labor policies, might re-
ceive the appointment.
Word spread in the capital tonight
that Attorney General Cummings has
advised the President he may delay
the appointment until after Congress
adjourns. The Attorney General pre-
sented an informal opinion on the
question to the President, but it was
not made public.
Mayor La Guardia
NEW YORK, July 30.-(AP)-The
New York County Renublican execu-
Thrill Show Will Be
Held At Caity Airport
Walk Out On Session
Under the sponsorship of the I. -1LJA« IJ «.1
Washtenaw Drum and Bugle Corps"
of the American Legion, a "thirll In Poison Plot
show" will be held at 3 p.m. Sunday
at the Ann Arbor Municipal Airport
on South State Street, in conjunction Claim Existence Of Great
with an air circus. International Conspiracy
Airplane stunting and parachute To' Spread poi
jumps, together with trick and stunt a mvpread Typwolki
automobile driving will make up thej
program, along with such featues as French Officials
head-on crash of two automobiles atR u le
40 miles an hour, an auto crash Ridiule C arges
through a flaming board wall at 60
miles an hour with a man on the1 HENDAYE, Franco-Spanish Fron-
After Civil Service Bill Passes;
Adjournment Dooms Labor Act
hood of the car, and a 10,000-foot de-
scent by Jimmie Goodwin, the "Bayou
Bat Man," on wings similar to those
which were being used by Clem Sohn
when he plummeted to his death in
France earlier this summer.
Also on the program will be races
and stunts by 25 motorcycle riders,
members of the Devil Dogs Motorcycle
Club, a local organization. Admission
charges will be 10 and 25 cents.
Wage, Hour Bill
Senator Harrison Splits
With Administration To
WASHINGTON, July 30.-(Al)-
Southern oratory of the old-fash-
ioned, full-voiced type reinvigorated
today a movement to bury the Ad-
ministration wage and hour bill in
a Senate committee.
Led by Senator Harrison of Mis-
sissippi, a candidate only last week for
the post of majority leader, and Sen-
ator Smith (Dem., S.C.), the south-
erners almost to a man banded to-
gether in an outright revolt against
Harrison shouted that the bill
would set up a labor standards board
which could destroy "business, large
and small, by its administrative fiats."
Smith declared the measure is in-
tended to "check the inevitable rise of
the South from the lowly condition
in which the war between the states
"If South Carolina living conditions
are so kindly," he said, "that it takes
only fifty cents a day to live reason-
ably and comfortably, and in New
England it takes a dollar and a half,
then must we raise the wages in the
South to a dollar and a half?
Administration leaders, hurriedly
2hecked the Senate roll-call. They
reported that there were still enough
votes to pass the bill, though they
were obviously worried.
Green Endorses Bill
WASHINGTON, July 30.-()-
Leaders of the American Federation
of Labor differed publicly today on
the question of whether the adiinis-
tration's wage and hour bill should
William Green, the Federation
president, objected to some phases
of the legislation but advocated Sen-
ate approval "with the hope that it
can be reversed and amended in the
Soon afterward John P. Frey, pres-
ident of the A.F. of L. metal trades
department, and J. W. Wililams,
president of the building trades de-
partment, issued a joint statement
saying the bill should be sent back
They said there is grave danger it
would "interfere with and modify"
the Walsh-Healey Government Con-
tier, rJuly 30.--(A-3-Two Frenchmen
were condemned to death today for
what Insurgent Spanish officials
charged was a macabre plot to infest
their territory with typhoid and
sleeping sickness epidemics.
They said the whole world would be
called to witness the truth of their
allegations- tpat Louis Chabrat and
Jean Boujennec were tools of an in-
ternational ring that involved Eng-
glishmen, Frenchmen and s o m e
Spaniards in high government office.
French officials declared t h e
charges were "ridiculous" propagan-
da. A member of the French Cham-
ber of Deputies, whose name was sim-
ilar to one announced by the Insur-
gents as a conspirator, declared he
had never heard of the condemned
men and that the Insurgents were a
"pack of liars."
cared the scheme was hatched in
An Insurgent military court de-
London and that Chabrat and Bou-
jennec possessed vials of typhoid and
sleeping sickness germs when they
were arrested in Fuentarabia.
Labor Groups Unite
MADRID, July 30.-(U)-A pre-
liminary agreement to solidify Gov-
enrment Spain's dissident labor
ranks was disclosed here tonight.
The Socallst General Workers'
Union. in which former Premier
Francisco Largo Caballero is a lead-
ing figure, and the Anarcho-Syndi-
calist National Federation of Labor
readied tentative accord.-
The fronts around Madrid were
quiet. There was no indication eith-
er that the Government would renew
its offensive or that the Insurgents
would counter-attack again to re-
gain the territiry they lost around
Quijorna and Villanueva De La Can-
Britain Maintains Stand
LONDON, July 30.--( ) -Great
Britain will hold out for her scheme
for nonintervention in Spain despite
the opposition of other powers, For-.
eign Secretary Anthony Eden told
Parliament today just before ad-
journment of a long, historic session.
Attacked in the House of Com-
mons by Labor leader Clement R.
Attlee and war-time Prime Minister
David Lloyd George, Eden did not
"As far as the present plan is con-
cerned," he said, "we do not propose
to agree to any major modification."
Demands for changes came from
Germany, Italy and Russia and Ger-
man Ambassador Joachim von Rib-
l bentrop declared the British plan
had been wrecked because of the So-
Eden admitted the prospect would
be dark if there was no agreement
on the British scheme.
'Pride And Prejudice'
Will Close Tonight
The closing performance of the
Repertory- Players' Production "Pride
and Prejudice," Helen Jerome's adap-
tation of the Jane Austen novel, will
be given at 8:30 p.m. today in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
The play, a costume comedy of
1815 England, was a notable success
in New York last season.
Republicans Charge Merit
Bill Will 'Freeze' Dems
In State Position
LANSING, July 30.-(P)-A civil
service law was enacted by the Legis-
lature today after hours of furious
Civil service-given up as lost by
administration leaders-was brought
sharply to life when a Republican
Senator joined Democratic members
to give it a bare majority. Senator
Myles M. Callaghan, Republican,
Reed City, provided the required bal-
lot. The Republican minority had
the measure effectively bottled up had
it been able to command its, full
strength. Its leaders protested it
was a "political" civil service bill, be-
cause it requires that department1
heads must be consulted relative toi
the qualifying eaminations to be1
given present state employes and be-I
cause it provided for a three, insteadq
of a four member, bi-partisan civil
The vote was 17 to 13, with all-Dem-
ocrats voting for the bill and all Re-
publicans, except Callaghan,. voting
Republican members of the Senate
who voted against civil service issued
a joint statement branding the meas-
ure which passed a "complete polit-
ical setup." The statement said: "The
bill passed will continue the spoils
system, using the name ciil service as
a cloak of respectability."
"For practical purposes its proides
for blanketing in all state employes as
of January 1, 1938, thus giving the
administration every opportunity to
replace all Republican employes. Not
only that, it permits the Democratic
administration to 'freeze' such em-
ployes into anchored positions."
"It was not because they were op-
posed to civil service but because this
bill was unfair and a mere hoax that
Republican Senators, except Senator
Miles M. Callaghan, voted against the
No Holds Barred
As Dancers Battle
For League Title
Ten couples at the regular League
dance tonight will win tickets to a
subsequent dance when they are se-
lected as the winners of the dance
contest to be held there tonight.
Rules governing the judging in the
contest, as announced by Phyllis
Miner, chairman of the affair are: all
dancing must be dignified and con-
servative. Tempo and rhythm, prop-
er execution and originality will be
emphasized in the judging.
Judges for the contest are Margaret
Lichtenwalter, Hope Hartwig, Marie
Sawyer, Jack Crofts, Henry Homes
and Douglas Gregory.
At the dance tonight, Charlie
Zwick and his orchestra will play
several novelty numbers. The League
garden will be open, and hostesses
have been selected. Cutting will be
allowed after the intermission.
The University of Michigan Cab-
aret Dinner will be held from 6:30
until 9:30 p.m., Monday in the
League Ballroom, according to Mary
Eliza Shannon, general chairman of
A fashion parade showing old and
new styles, special dance numbers and
a musical program will be featured.
The dancing will include numbers
done by Marie Sawyer and Douglass
Gregory and Miss Sawyer will also
present a number with Hope Hartwig.
Shirtl Crosman, well known campus
singer, will appear with Charlie
Zwick and his orchestra, who will
Linguists Researches Correct
Misconception Of Indian Speech
Algonquian Dialects Are guage was no more created to fit a
Subject Of Institute TalkItheorical
orAristotlethan was thatfofdt
By Professor Bloomfield Menominee Indian."
Queer and mistaken ideas about our
native American Indian languages
have been held since the days of the
early missionaries, but that such mis-
conceptions are being dispelled by
modern linguistic research, according1
to Prof. Leonard Bloomfield of the
University of Chicago, who last night+
gave the final Linguistic Institute
lecture of the week.
Professor Bloomfield spoke partic-
ularly of "The Structure of the Al-
gonquin Languages," those spoken by
the Indians in the North Central
"The more we study the various Al-+
gonquin languages, the more we see
that numerous as the differences are,
they still have much in common with
the Indo-European languages," Pro-
fessor Bloomfield said. "All languages
go back to the beginning of man and+
reflect the fundamental ways in
which thinks of things. Our own lan-
Reading Troubles Require
Diagnosis By Physicians, 1
Dr. Davis Declares+
Clinical diagnosis of reading dis-
abilities is quite inadequate, and co-
operation of medical men, especially
ophthamologists and the educational
authorities is needed in the future,
Dr. Louise E. Farwell Davis of thej
National College of Education said
yesterday at the morning session of
the Round Table Conference on
She told of a research study that
has been carried on the last seven
years at the National College of Ed-
ucation at Evanston, Ill., dealing with
children of superior mentality and
above average home background.
"At the present time 70 children
have been diagnosed for reading and,
spelling , disability," she continued.
"The children representing the most'
serious problems have been found to
read fluently when material is placed
before a mirror, have often preferred
the right hand, have shown signs of
astigmatism and fatigue, have poor
eye rotations, cannot follow a moving
object skillfully and read better with,
either eye alone that when both eyes
are reading simultaneously."
Dr. Davis pointed out that the tests
which have been designed up to date
are apparently not discriminating
enough to ascertain the real reason
"It has been determined that the
learning to read comes more easily
than the learning to spell," she stated.
Speaking at the afternoon session
of the conference, Dr. Davis stressed
the fact that special study should be
made of children presenting be-
havior problems since the problem is
often due to lack of school success.
Gender in these Indian languages,
he said, was not a matter of sex;
one gender existed for animate things,
and another for inanimated.
As for nouns, Professor Bloomfield
said, there wastno case system, al-
though different forms existed for
different purposes. Beside those for
the two genders, there was one for
the plural, one for the vocative and
two for what Dr. Bloomfield called
the obviative, which was used to show
a difference with respect to whether
the person named was the first or
second one mentioned. There were
also prefixes to show whether the
thing named was possessed by the
speaker, by the one addressed, or by
a third person. This phenomenon,1
because it was always true of words
naming parts of the body and of
nouns of personal relationship, was
the source of a "misconception," Dr.
Bloomfield said, that the Indians had,
no abstract terms; but the abstract
idea could have been indicated by a
prefix which, with "father," for ex-
ample, meant "one who stands in the;
relation of father to someone."
The complex relationships of the
verbal paradigms were discussed at
length by the speaker, who turned
them to the peculiar nature of sec- -
ondary derivation in Algonquin. The
speaker explained a score of methods7
by which words were compounded
or shifted in function. One suffix,
added to a noun such as "papeko,"
meaning "flea," made it a verb with
the idea of abundant possession, so
that "papekowiw" meant "He has a
lot of fleas."
Little has been done so far with
primary derivation, or ultimate ety-
mology of the language, concluded
Professor Bloomfield, although some
basic roots have been found, as the
first element in the words "nama's"
(fish), "namaw" (sturgeon), and
To Traffic Toll
Another death was added to -the
swelling list of county auto fatalities
yesterday when Herbert Hudson, 56
years old of R.F.D. No. 1, Gregory,
was instantly killed in a two-car
crash early in the morning at the in-
tersections of Trinkle and Lima Cen-
ter Roads, about 15 miles west of Ann
Arbor near Lima Center.
Hudson was riding south on the
Lima Center Road with Harvey G.
Fischer, 32 years old, of R.F.D. No. 1,
Dexter, when their automobile col-
lided with an eastbound car on
Trinkle Road driven by Julius L. Ei-
sele, 41 years old, of Chelsea.
There are no stop signs at the in-
tersection, and neither car stopped
to yield the right of way to the other
vehicle. The cars met in an angle
collision, swung around side by side,
and then parted again, continuing on
into the ditch at a corner of the in-
tersection. Hudson's neck was ap-
parently broken by the impact, dep-
Legislators Fail To Agree
On 'Little Wagner Act'
Murphy May Call
Legislature In Call
LANSING, July 30.-(P)-The State
Senate adourned abruptly tonight
after passing civil service and re-
passing its original Labor Relations
Act over Governor Murphy's veto, and
left the Governor's Labor Relations
bill and most of his legislative pro-
gram for the special session stranded.
The two houses were so far apart
on the labor measurethat there ap-
peared no chance of agreement. The
Senate passed the bill previously ve-
toed by Gov. Murphy limiting picket-
ing to employes of strike-bound
plants. The House substituted a meas-
ure favored by- the Governor permit-
ting any resident member of the
union involved to picket.
The Senate refused to have any-
thing to do with the House substitute,
buried it in committee and adourned.
The result was the state is left with-
out an industrial relations law.
The only administration measure
which passed was civil service. Ad-
journment of the Senate left rural
electrification, a teachers' tenure bill,
a measure providing maximum hours
and minimum wages, a proposed ad-
ministration finance department and
unemployment compensation uncon-
The special session ended in a row.
Democratic senators supported Sena-
tor George P. McCallum's (Ann"Ar-
bor, Rep.) motion to adjourn. They
were Senators William Palmer, Flint,
administration floor leader, and J.
Neil Lamoreaux, Comstock Park. 'Sn.
James Burns, Dem., Detroit, who op-
posed adjournment and insisted a
labor relations act must be adopted,
walked over to Palmer's desk and
struck him sharply in the face. Burns
then turned and left the chamber
Other members interfered and
Burns ran from the Senate chamber.
There was talk among his colleagues
of a motion to unseat Burns if the
Legislature meets again.
The failure of the Industrial Rela-
tions measure visibly perturbed Gov-
ernor Murphy. He said it would be
resubmitted to the Legislature in an-
other special session as soon as prac-
ticable but probably not till next
The Governor declared the Senate
adjournment was entirely illegal and
unconstitutional, because the House
had not concurred in the adjourn-
ment resolution. Speaker George A.
Schroeder announced that the House
will remain in session for three or
LANSING, July 30.- (/P) - The
House of Representatives passed a
resolution today calling for a state-
wide investigation of gambling.
The ersolution, which was intro-
duced by Rep. Elton R. Eaton, Re-
publican, Plymouth, passed by a vote
of 74 to 10.
The resolution inferred that State
Department heads would 'be ques-
tioned about the alleged gambling.
"The State Liquor Control Com-
activity of slot machine operators in
mission has been forced through the
Michigan to issue a ruling to the ef-
fect that the liquor license of any
licensee will be revoked if a slot ma-
chine or any game of chance is found
in the establishment," the resolution
read in part.
Tonight At I-M
The next in a series of mixed rec-
reational swims, being held under the
sponsorship of the physical educa-
tion' department, will be held from
7:45 to 8:45 p.m. tonight at the swim-
ming pool in the Intramural Build-
Annual Summer Session On
International Law Concludes
Ordinance Of '87, Education's
Maona Carta, Is 150 Years Oldl
After five weeks of intensive ac-
ademic activity the sixth annual Sum-
mer Session on International Law has
drawn to a close. Its last classes
were held yesterday.
A galaxy of international law au-
thorities probably unequalled on any
other university campus in the coun-
try was offered by the Institute this
summer. In fact, with the exception'
of Harvard, Yale and Chicago there!
was no curriculum in the country!
which included more than one profes-'
fraternity house where room and
board were offered at nominal rates;
regular class sessions were conducted
every morning from 8 a.m. till 12 and
twice a week informal round table
discussions were held.
The round table discussions seemed
particularly stimulating, according to
Prof. Joseph E. Kallenbach of the
political science department, who
thought they offered an excellent op-
portunity for a general airing of opin-
ions on the modern position, signifi-'
By JAMES A. BOOZER
One hundred and fifty years ago a
sentence in the Ordinance of 1787
was written which was to become
the Magna Charta of American edu-
cation-the same sentence that is cut
above the Doric columns of Angell
"Religion, morality and knowledge,
being necessary to good government
and the happiness of mankind,
schools and the means of education
nh ,, fn nvn. _ , . rn iir. r _, ,,
"It became the real charter from
which our charateristically American
system of State education subse-
quently developed. It is a simple dec-
laration, but a landmark in educa-
The inscription that has become
famous was first placed above the
stage in old University Hall, built in
1873. Thousands of students to whom
the old auditorium was a focus of
student life and a visible symbol of
the University, sitting in the seats
f-_ ... v r 1n n +a" n h 7