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August 02, 1934 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1934-08-02

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY THURSDAY, AUG

IE MICHIGAN DAILY
cAal Publication of the Summer Session

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y wi-.

Unaiversity because its founder and guiding srp't
is Dr. Joseph E. Maddy, professor of public school
music in the University School of Music. From an
idea which he had wished to see carried out for
years, the camp has now grown to an organiza-
tion with $400,000 worth of property and 230 stu-
dents. The University has come to have a sort of
paternal interest in the camp.
For those who have visited the camp to hear
the concerts played by the student musiciana the
loss of the opportunity provided by the camp is
much more concrete, for these concerts approach
professional calibre although the artists are high
school students. To these people, who have seen
what it is possible to achieve when the finest
high school musicians from the entire country are

I

'I

Publisned every morning except Monday during the
rniversity year and Summer Session by the Board in
ontrol of Student Publications.
Member of the Western Conference Editorial Association
nd the Big Ten News Service.

'=~ 19 33 NATNAL W'cV1RAEI1934

Sjummer Camp

a

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the
University. Copy received at the Summer Session office until 3:30; 11:30
Saturday.
Excursion to Jackson Prison: Due to1 be paid by the end of the summer

MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS

The Associated Fress is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication cf all news dispatches credited to it
or not otherwise credited in this paper and the local
news published herein. All rights of republication of
special dispatches are reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class matter. Special rate of postage granted by
Third Assistant Postmaster-General.
: Subscription during summer by carrier, $1.25; by mail,
$1.50. During regular school year by carrier, $3.75; by
mail, $4.25.
Offices: Student Publications Building, Maynard Street,
Ann Arbor, Michigan. Phone: 2-1214.
Representatives: College Publications Representatives,
Inc., 40 East Thirty-Fourth Street, New York City; 80
Boylston Street, Boston; 612 North Michigan Avenue,
Chicago.
EDITORIAL STAFF
Phone 4925
MAANAGING EDITOR ..........E.. JEROME PETTIT
ASSISTANT MANAGING EDITOR ....BRACKLEY SHAW
WOMEN'S EDITOR .................ELEANOR JOHNSON
ASSOCIATE EDITORS: Charles A. Baird, Clinton B. Con-
ger, Paul J. Elliott, Thomas E. Groehn, Thomas H.
*Kleene, William R. Reed, Robert S. Ruwitch.
REPORTERS: Barbara Bates, C. H. Beukema, Donald R.
Bird, Ralph Danhoff, FrancesdEnglish, Elsie Pierce, Vir-
ginia Scott, Bernard H. Fried.
BUSINESS STAFF
Office Hours: 9-12, 1-5 Phone 2-1214
BUSINESS MANAGER........BERNARD E. SCHNACKE
6SST. BUSINESS MANAGER ......W. GRAFTON SHARP
CIRCULATION MANAGER ........CLINTON B. CONGER
Polities And
Technical Improvement .. .

concentrated at one place, the cessation of the work
being carried on will be more keenly felt.
The depression has jeopardized the existence
of the camp just as it has the Metropolitan
Opera and the Philadelphia Symphony Orchestra.
A great part of the camp's funds came from private,
donations and with these donations the camp's
debt has been more than half paid off. But the
private donations for this purpose have ceased
as they have for so many other worthy but not
financially independent organizations and for the
past season the only income has been from the
tuitions of the students - totaling less than
enough to take care of the camp's operating ex-
penses.
The Interlochen organization is now $7,000 short
of meeting all its expenses, including interest
on the remainder of its debt and, according to
Director Maddy, will have to give up the ghost un-
less someone who can appreciate the value of the
work that is being carried on there agrees to sub-
sidize the effort.
The depression is not as severe as it was two
years ago and it is earnestly to be hoped that Dr.
Maddy will be able to find the support necessary
to tide the camp over this crucial period.{
Rural School
Boards.. .

I
1
R

iHE SCHOOL IN THE OPEN
EDITOR'S NOTE: Following -is the second of
the series on summer camps by antauthority on
camp organization and maintenance.
By HENRY S. CURTIS
With a county as full of lakes at Washtenaw,'
and a university the size of the University of
Vlichigan, the securing of an adequate lakeside
location on one of the accessible lakes is strongly
suggested. One might be reserved for the facultyI
and.another for students. There are undoubtedly
teachers in the summer school, who would like to
combine a summer vacation with their summer
teaching. Such an opportunity should appeal to
many of our visiting professors who wish to bring
their families with them, and it might be the real
determining factor with a group of older summer
students with families. Some of these cottages
might serve also during the year for week-end cot-
tages for groups, like the Outdoor Outing Club, who
wish to get out of the city at week ends.
There is developing also in connection with our
state and National parks a new type of university,
a university of the out-of-doors, Yosemite has
been the pioneer in this and now has a considerable
faculty. It has nature guides to many different
points of interest, a special library and a museum
which is growing rapidy.
In many of our larger state parks also there are
now nature guides and the beginning of a library
and a museum. The Museum of Natural History of
New York has a branch at Bear Mountain in the
Palisades Interstate Park. The Park also contains
two other museums and many nature trails and
guides. Considering how recent this development
is, it is hard to estimate the dimensions to which
it may grow.
Chautauqua was our original education camp.
Today it is housed in permanent buildings, but
it probably remains the largest study camp in
the world. A few years ago the Chautauqua move-
ment promised to spread into every county and
hamlet in the United States. It offers lectures,
concerts, movies and dramatics. It carries a real
popular appeal. Recently we do not hear so much
of it, I suppose largely because its program has
been taken over by the summer schools and to
some extent by the extension departments of the
universities.

N A RECENT Kansas City muni-
cipal election almost the whole
ticket of the Pendergast machine was put into
office to the tune of four killings, dozens of
sluggings and beatings, and widespread intimi-
dation of voters. Immediately there appeared in
editorial columns everywhere the customary la-
mWjt that bossism and machine politics were again
disgracing city government and the country gen-
eraly. Besides, since bosses have fared badly in
New York, Philadelphia, and Pittsburgh in the
past year, the Kansas City survival is something
to marvel' at.
the dominant note in the editorial criticism is
a cry for clean-up and reform of the old-fashioned
order. But more is needed than a mere moral purg-
ing, a mere housecleaning, turning out one set
Ofrascals to let in a new lot of men who have
iaot had the opportunity to be rascals. The changes
needed are changes of a more basic nature.
Bosses and political machines do not rise out of
nothing more than the base desire for plunder.
The boss and his staff are true working gears
in the vaster political mechanism of city govern-
ment. At first they are often essential to any func-
tioning of the political apparatus at all, and as the
apparatus ages they tend to become arrogant and
often cofTupt because they misconceive themselves
as all-important and all powerful. Party machine
organization is created to fulfill a real need and
exists because it does satisfy the need. Denying
that the need exists will advance the cause of
honest government but little. The function of the
boss and his machine' pust be taken over by a le-
gitimate arm of the gdvernment, if the boss and his
men are undesirable characters, because they do
have a function in a city like Kansas City. Here
as in New York and Chicago and Pittsburgh and
other great metropolitan centers are thousands
who have the right to use the ballot without ade-
quate knowledge of how to use it properly. Whether
or not they should have it is not a matter for
debate.
The Kansas City election is a challenge less to
reform than to technical improvement. It is ap-
parent at a glance that voting methods must be
improved - perhaps voting machines and regis-
tration and identification by signature are the
solution here. Only detailed study will determine.
But the need for some of these measures seems
obvious. Civil service and the commission form of
government might be found suited to the, situation.
Perhaps proportional representation would satisfy
the great group of uneducated foreign born that
is the mainstay of the Pendergast machine. At
any rate, the mere displacing of the incumbents
with men thought to be morally superior is no
solution.
Times change, needs change, and if the legal
political structure is inadequate, the desired ends
will be attained extra-legally, through party ma-
chine politics. The sane approach is to look upon
continuous progressive reform in government as
normal. We would then have fewer house clean-
ings, and fewer spasmodic graspings for panacea
after exhausted panacea.
Mie Camp
Deserves Support ...
IT WOULD BE a real blow to the
University of Michigan as well as
to the development oftyoung musicians all over
the United States if the National Music Camnp
at Interlochen were forced to stop because of lack
'of funds.
in the six years that this project has been estab-
lished it has become a feature of great importance
in the musical world and has attracted wide at-

WEBSTER defines education, among
other connotations, as "the totality
of the qualities acquired through individual in-
struction and social training, which further the
happiness, efficiency, and capacity for social serv-
ice of the educated." It would seem that the ma-
jority of our universities and colleges are moving
forward with this goal in mind - in short, a liberalt
education. Certainly, for the attainment of such
ideals, the disinterested observer invariably must
point his attention beyond the narrow confines
of the small town or rural areas to these institu-
tions of higher learning.
A great deal has been said and written about
the "little red school house at the end of the
lane." Famous men and women of "Who's Who"
reputation, as well as the more obscure people of
both city and farm, are wont to refer to this
tiny institution with either sentimental attach-
ment or uncomplimentary derision. The common
concensus among theseindividuals seems to be of a
nature that regards the country schoolhouse as
something that has long since faded into the
past along with buggies, board walks, and hoop
skirts. To all external appearances, the little red
schoolhouse has become a romantic symbol of story
and song -the final vestige of the glorious "good
old days." In reality, however, the spirit of these
miniature centers of education lives on today. All
the inefficiencies, inadequacies, and unfortunate
conditions which characterized their reign has
been inculcated into the one and two-room schools
of the present era.
There are rural schools throughout Michigan
which are but little removed from the inherent
weaknesses of the primitive institutions of half a
century ago. Single rooms, in which at least eight
grades are taught by one instructor, are not un-
common. Teachers, receiving in some instances as
low as $35 a month, are expected to disseminate
first-class information to pupils variously number-
ing up to fifty. With but a few minutes to devote
to each class, the rural pedagogue is confronted
by numerous other problems. Lack of parental
co-operation, poor attendance, student disinterest-
edness, inferior educational facilities, and unin-
telligent and bigoted school boards are only a
few of the situations which he must handls with
tact and assurance. Many of these teachers are
county normal graduates with but a single year
{ of special training beyond high school. Such
conditions as these serve to check effectively
any inherent mental-potentialities that the super-
ior-endowed youngster might possess. To the child
unfortunate enough to be born within the pale of
some unprogressive rural area, vocational guid-
ance, individual attention, and supervised physical
education are forever lost in a maze of en-
vironmental complexities.
It seems inconceivable that during the recent
war more than 400,000 soldiers in the selective
draft were discovered who could neither read
a newspaper intelligently nor write a letter home.
One group alone possessed 40,000 people who
were unable to read. Such incredulities as these
are, for the most part, traceable to the inadequgte
educational advantages of the rural schools. Is it
any wonder that one prominent educator, after
ten years of investigation, calls the American peo-
ple, "a nation of sixth-graders?"
The most plausible solution of the rural institu-
tion dilemma seems to be the consolidated school.
Through the co-operation of several districts, one
large unit can be constructed at some centrally-
located place with buses and automobiles hauling
the children from adjacent points. While this un-
duly simplifies the matter, the manifest advan-
tages of such an arrangement are the superiority
of the teaching force made available by pooling
funds, more and varied courses of instruction, and
modern conveniences far beyond the reach of the
ordinary single-room school. In the intervening
years between the present system and the inevi-
table introduction of the consolidated school on a
large scale, the need of intelligent, unprejudiced
school boards becomes imperative.
Instead of individuals who can scarcely read
and write, attempting to direct the meagre finances
and educational policies of a district, boards should
cons~istf of formrovteachrs Afof tiact hee v~awr

a recent ruling of the State Prison s
Commission it has been necessary to
cancel the proposed excursion to
Jackson Prison.
Carl J. Coe, Director of Excursions b
Exhibition in Architectural Build- It
ing: Etchings by Assistant Professor
Valerio, water colors by him and As-
sistant Professors Slusser and Cha-
pin, and pastels by Fred H. Aldrich.C
Open daily from 9:00 to 6:00 except-
ing Sunday. The public is cordially I
invited.
Graduate School: All Graduate
School students who expect' to com-
plete their work for a degree at the 1
close of the present summer session
should call at the office of the Gradu-
ate School, 1014 Angell Hall, to check
their records and to secure the proper
blank to be used in paying the diplo-
ma fee. The fee should be paid I
not later than Saturday, August- 4.
G. Carl Huber
Reading Requirement in German
for Ph.D. candidates: Candidates in
all fields except those of the natural
sciences and mathematics must ob-
tain the official certification of an
adequate reading knowledge of Ger-
man by submitting to a written ex-
amination given by the German De-
partment.
For the summer session this exam-
ination will be given on Wednesday,
August 8, at 2 p.m., in room 203 U.H.
Students who intend to take the ex-
amination are required to register
their names at least one week before
the date of the examination at the
office of the German Department,
Room 204 U.H., where detailed in-
formation with regard to examina-
tion requirements will be given.
Teacher's Certificate-Comprehen-
sive Examination: All candidates ex-
pecting to receive a Teacher's Cer-
tificate at the close of the summer
session are required to pass a com-
prehensive professional examination
covering the work of the required
courses in Education leading to the
Certificate. The next examination of
this sort will be held on Saturday
morning, August 4, in the University
High School auditorium at 9 o'clock
sharp. Candidates expecting to take
this examination should leave their
names immediately with the Recorder
of the School of Education, 1437 Uni-
versity Elementary School. Graduate
students taking advanced degrees in
August will be exempted from this
1examination.
C. O. Davis, Secretary
- School of Education
f
Candidates for the Teacher's Cer-
tificate: A tentative list of candidates
to be recommended for the Teacher's
fCertificate at the end of the summer
s session has been posted on the bul-
letin board in Room 1431 University
, Elementary School. Any student
whose name does not appear on this
o list and who wishes to be so listed
a should report this fact at once to the
e Recorder of the School of Education,
- Room 1437 U.E.S.
d Blanks for the payment of the cer-
- tificate fee may be secured in the of-
n fie of the Recorder. This fee must
TY PE W R I TIN G

The Theatre

"DOUBLE DOOR"
IN REVIEW
By Braekley Shaw
The "double door" is the opening to a secret,
sound-proof room. That is not telling anything
because the audience is informed of that fac
fairly early in the play and it sets the mood
for the remainder of the story. This melodrama
is a play of suspense, and the excitement is ex-
pertly worked up to such a pitch that if any of
the succeeding audiences can repress audible gasps
at least twice Suring the play, they are better than
those who saw it last night.
The story deals with the decayed remnants of
the Van Bret family whose men have been leader:
since the Dutch first colonized Manhattan Island
The principal characters are Victoria Van Bret
an aging spinster with a fanatical, almost relig-
ious, reference for the Van Bret traditions, whc
rules the household with an iron hand; Rip Var
Bret, Victoria's half-brother, seeking to escape
from Victoria's evil influence by marrying a wom-
an whom Vctoria considers below his caste; and
Anne Darrow, Rip's wife who comes under Vic
toria's malign influence for as long as she car
stand it and then decides to have a breakdown
Other important characters are Caroline Van Bret
whose spirit has long ago been completely broker
by Victoria; Mortimer Neff, the family lawyer
and Dr. John Sully, a friend of Rip's and Anne'
who represents the normal human being.
Here are the elements for a first-class thriller
melodrama and the author has not wasted her
opportunities. The suspense starts building from
the moment that the happy situation of the bridi
and bridegroom is disclosed to the audience - and
keeps on building until the final curtan.
Sarah Pierce in the character of Victoria is clos
to perfect. It is a type of role she portrays ex-
tremely well and here she outdoes herself so tha
anyone who can resist cordially despising her i
less than human.
Frank Funk in the part of Rip Van Bret main
tains his reputation as an excellent actor for al
most any kind of characterization. Laurine Haga'
as Anne Darrow is also good although she seem
to be somewht at a loss as to what to do witt
I her hands and her arm gestures are stiff -
slightly detracting from her work.
Honorable mention should also go to Ruti
Flood as Caroline Van Bret, Joy Pozz as Dr. Sully
and Hattie Bell Ross as Avery, the housekeeper
This is one of the better thrillers and if yot
like thrillers by all means go, but if you can'
stand suspense then stay away, for this play i
made of it.

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S* + teSt., Abore

Campus Opinion
Letters published in this column should not be con-
strued as expressing the editorial opinion of The
Daily. Anonymous communications will be disregarded.
The names of communicants will, however, be re-
garded as confidential upon request. Contributors
are asked to be brief confining themselves to less
than 500 words if possible.
To the Editor:
Your very spacious cigarette ad in this morning's
Daily suggests the following to me as a Campus
Opinion :
Thou too, oh Michigan Daily, must accept the
filthy lucre of the greedy tobacco trust? Better for
to make it an even $35 at the reckoning window of

ATTEND ATTEND
COOL MATINEES. . . MICH I. . .COOL MATINEES
JOAN BLONDELL "SMARTY
WARREN WILLIAM
Also Comedy -- Sportlight -- Oddity -- News
. ~ ~ ~ AJ S I ............-...'' ' ' **
Daily Matinee 25c Nights & Sundays, Balcony 25c, Main Floor 35c
ALINE McMAHON -- ANN DVORAK -- FRANK McHUGH
in Warner Bros. Dramatic
" Heat Lidhining

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