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August 02, 1934 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1934-08-02

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A few scattered showers to-
day or tonight; Friday probably
cloudy or cooler.

Official Publication Of The Summer Session

VOL. XV No. 33

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, AUGUST 2, 1934

Public Health.
Is Discussed
By Dr. Sinai
Modern Social Plague Is
Insecurity, According To
Health Officer
Medical Revolution
Due To Research

Thirty-Seven Take Excursion
To Ford's Greenfield Village

Michigan Mutual Health
Service Plan Outlined By
Speaker_
By THOMAS E. GROEHN
A description of the evolution of
medical care, methods of attacking
the problem of medical attention,
and an analysis of the newly inno-
vated Mutual Health Service plan
established in Michigan, were pre-
sented by Dr. Nathan Sinai of the
division of hygiene and public health
in a lecture last night on "Health,
Insurance."
For the past five or six years there
has been ra4octed a tremendous
amnount of information on social sci
amount of information on social sci-
ence, stated Dr. Sinai, but throughout
this wealth of information there re-
mains one irreducible factor -the
modern social plague is insecurity.
Ask Three Questions
"Men ask,the <Iuestions am I going;
to have a job? If and when I get'
this job will I be physically a'ble to
keep it? Can I accumulate enough for

The excursion to Greenfield Village
near Dearborn was made yesterday
afternoon by 37 students, conductedJ
by Prof. Carl J. Coe. The tour wasI
the tenth of the Summer Sessioni
excursions, and was a repetition of an
earlier, trip to the same spot.
The party left Ann Arbor by bus
at 1 p.m., arriving at Ford's Green-
field Village near Dearborn at 2. They
then started out in small parties on
a tour of the village.
The first building inspected was the
Clinton Inn, a hotel more than 100
years old, which formerly stood in
Clinton, 'ich. Like most of the
other buildings in the Village, it has
been transported to the spot by Mr.
Ford to make up his nineteenth cen-
tury central Michigan town.
Next the groups saw the chapel of
Martha-Mary, a typical Colonial
church, and then caught a glimpse
of the stern-paddle river boat Su-
wanee. They also passed the Scotch
Settlement School where Mr. Ford
first attended school.
The next building visited was the
Logan County Court House, where,
Abraham Lincoln practiced law for

eight years. Among exhibits in the
building are rails said to have been
split by Lincoln, the blood-stained
chair in which he was assassinated,
and the extra of the New York Her-
ald which appeared the next day.
From the Court House the parties
went to the Menlo Park group, where
many of the buildings used by Edison
in his Menlo Park laboratory and
factory have been reconstructed.
For the sake of realism, Mr. Ford
has even used soil brought from Men-
lo Park, N. J., and has reconstructed
the old junk pile. Among the build-
ings are the old glass-blowing shop,
Edison's library and office, his main
laboratory where he completed the
first working electric light bulb, a
carpenter shop, and two machine
shops.
Down the street are being built Mrs.
Jordan's boarding house, where Edi-
son and his workers lived. This was
the first house in the world to be
lighted by electricity. Next to it
stands the Fort Myers, Ga. laboratory,
where Edison perfected the wax rec-
ord phonograph.
Passing the old Edison homestead,
(Continued on Page 4)

is

d question which
rofession arewmost
he speaker stated,
hat the problem is
we have solved the

not

Detroit Regains
First Place As
Yankees Lose
Pound Out 10-7 Win Over
Cleveland; Rowe Saves
Game In Ninth
Schoolboy Rowe fanned Hal Trosky
and "Bad News" Hale with the bases
full in the ninth inning yesterday at
Cleveland to give Detroit a 10-7 vic-
tory and put them back in first
place in the torrid American League,
pennant race.
A four-run Red Sox rally in the
fifth inning drove young Johnny
Broaca from the mound and gave
Boston a 7-4 win over New York, the
Yankees droping a full game behind
Detroit.
Although the Tigers : were -never
headed after they jumped away to a
three-run lead in the second inning,
Cleveland pressed strongly all the
way, and in the seventh inning drove
Luke Hamlin to the showers. He had
given twelve hits and five runs during
his stay.
The box score and summaries
of yesterday's Tiger-Cleveland
game may be found on Page 4.

W
Detroit..............61
New York..........59
Cleveland..........54
Boston .............53
Washington.........45
St. Louis ............42
Philadelphia.... .38
Chicago...... ...36

MAJOR LEAGUE
STANDINGS
AMERICAN LEAGUE

The complications arising in indus-
try have affected the distribution of
medical care, according to Dr. Sinai.
Whereas we used to believe that med-
ical association was among patient,
physician, and pharmacist, the rev-
olution in medical pr'actice has now
pNi edi'prime-itortance --n the hos-
pitals.
The revolution in medicine was
brought about by research, Dr. Sinai:
stated.
The present tendency as explained
by Dr. Sinai is toward mass preven-
tion. Just as we have division of labor
in industry we now have specializa-
tion in medical practice.
Explains High Cost
"The cry of the public during the
past few years," stated Dr. Sinai,
"has been directed at the high cost
of medical care. However, if this were
true then the doctors should be get-
ting wealthy but on the contrary a'
study shows that 46 per cent of the
physicians in the United States are,
making less than $2,500 a year.
On the other hand a study also
showed that 10 per cent of the people
pay for 41 per cent of all medical
care.
"From these figures it can be seen
that both sides are suffering and the'
question is what to do," Dr. Sinai con-
tinued.
Many solutions have been talked
about and most of them to much,+
according to the speaker. Some of the
extremely far-fetched plans that hav'e
been suggested are that the physi-
cians should provide free service toE
poor patients, cut down the number
of doctors, and the elimination of the
sliding scale of fees.
Another solution to the problem
which in Dr. Sinai's opinion will
eventualy be the succesful one is
health insurance.
He defined health insurance as "all
individuals place a sum of money
in a common pool and out of this
pool there is extracted enough to take
care of the health of each individual."
Dr. Sinai briefly outlined health
insurance systems in Germany and'
England and explained their defects.
Outlines Health Plan
He .then outlined the health insur-
ance system in Michigan which was{
established two months ago by the
Michigan State Medical Association;
and which is known as the Mutual
Health Service.+
The highlights of it are; the med-
ical society has evolved the plan
around the institution of the family
instead of merely the employer. That+
is medical care will be granted to
whole families. The minimum of ade-
quate medical care has been set at
$27.80. The financial control has been
divided between industry, the medical
profession, and the recipients of med-;
ical care. Lastly, as an innovation, al
two per cent reduction will be made+

37
S37
43
47
53
50
56
64

Yesterday's Results
Detroit 10, Cleveland 7.
Boston 7, New York 4.
Washington 11, Philadelphia
Chicago 10-4, St. Louis 6-2.
Games Today
Detroit at Cleveland.
Boston at New York.
Washington at Philadelphia.
Chicago at St. Louis.

Pet.
.622
.615
.557
.530
.459
.457
.404
.354
7.
Pet.
.636
.598
.583
.490
.479
.429
.427
.354

~NATIONAL IkACU

New York ....
Chicago......
St. Louis.... .
Boston.......
Pittsburgh.
Philadelphia ... .
Brooklyn .......
Cincinnati ....

W
.63
.... 58
......56
..49
....45
......42
... .41
....34

L
36
39
40
51
49
56
55
62

Social Order
'Paradoxical.'
Wirth States
University Of Chicago Man
Discusses Planning In
Lecture
Says Misery Exists
In Midst Of Plenty
Planning Is Indispensable
In Our 'Unstable' Order,
He Believes
By THOMAS H. KLEENE
Branding the present civilization as
"the paradox of misery amidst, and
indeed because of, plenty," Prof.
Louis Wirth, of the University of Chi-
cago, declared that "we have been
stumbling over our own clumsy feet
and have allowed the accumulated
debris of social orders that were ade-
quate to former modes of production
to become obstacles rather than in-
struments for the achievetnent of a
new world," I
Speaking on "Social Planning Un-
der Capitalism," in another of the
regular Summer Session lectures, Pro-
fessor Wirth emphasized the fact
that "we live in a highly tenuous,
fragile, and unstable order where
planning is indispensable."
He stated that planning involved
three fundamentals - foresight, ob-
jective, and power, and suggested
that there are, in general, two kinds
of planning.
Short Range Planning
"There is the short range planning
or foresight thatnis exercised from
moment to moment, which is a sort
of standing by and a pragmatic ex-
ercise of intelligence, and there is
also long range planning with a defi-
nite conscious objective," he said.
In determining the type of plan-
ning which would be best adapted to
use in the present civilization, Pro-
fessor Wirth continued, there are sev-
.era.i pgintwlicgust efeerined,
Including the scale - local, national,
or world planning -whether it is to
be a substitute* or a supplement for
competition, whether it is to be volun-
tary or compulsory, democratic or
authoritative, and what, for what, for
whom, and by whom the system is to
be employed.
Professor Wirth also pointed out
that "we must determine what sort
of a world we want to live in for that
is the objective of all planning."
Three Factors Necessary
Continuing, he said that in order to
plan effectively three variables or:
groups of factors must be taken ac-
count of, including human nature, na-
ture itself, and social institutions.
"The instrumentalities of planning,
under capitalism," according to Pro-
fessor Wirth, "are taxation, insur-
ance, public works and public expen-
ditures, and governmental control
and manipulation of money and cred-
it."
"Furthermore, if we are to plan our
future our educational system will be
an essential factor in the reworking
of human nature adequate to an
ordered social world," he said. In
the past it has "nourished a philos-
ophy of self-advancement, but we
have utterly neglected, or, at best,
soft-pedalled education that would
(Continued on Page 3)
Favored Players Are
Winners In Tourney

First round results in Ann Arbor's
annual women's city golf tournament
yesterday found practically all of the
favorites coming through with ex-
pected victories.
Most of the six matches played in
the morning were lopsided affairs.
Jean Kyer, who is defending her city
title in the tournament, took the
opening match from Mrs. Harold
Smith, 8 and.6. Mrs. Forrest Stauffer,
medalist, won from Mrs. Bertrand
Cushing, 5-3, and Nadena Schmidt,
piling up the greatest margin of the
day, eliminated Jean Seeley, 9-7. Dr.
Margaret Bell defeated Marion Wil-
liams, 5 and 3.
In two close matches Mrs. Reed
Nesbit was defeated by Dorothy Lyn-
don, 1 up, and Mrs. Robert Gauss
was taken out by Mrs. Max Williams
with a similar score.
The two afternoon matches were
both close, Miss Helen Alexander de-
feating Mrs. William Housel 1 up
on the nineteenth, and Mrs. A. E.
Boak eliminating Mrs. Reed Orr, 1

Troops Beat
BackStrikers
In New Riots
Picketers In Minneapolis
Arrested; Two Unionist
Headquarters Raided
Leaders Of Truck
Driver Strike Held
Workers In Philadelphia
Leather Factories Fail To
Report To Work
(By Associated Press)
National Guardsmen beat back a
challenge to the military rule of Min-
neapolis. yesterday by raiding two
headquarters maintaineqj by labor
unionists, and arresting many pickets.
Five leaders of the truck driver
strike were seized at dawn when
troops under Col. Elmer McDevitt
took over one of the buildings and
dispersed its occupants. The soldiers
then rounded up many pickets who
had beaten truck drivers in guerilla
attacks, and seized 40 automobiles..
They also took over the Central Labor
Union offices.
No resistance was offered although
the oficers said they had found sev-
eral firearms in the place.
The strikers had previously decided
to halt all truck movements. A picket
wounded in a clash with police July 20
died yesterday. It was the second
death incident to the outbreak. I
Other New Difficulties
Fresh difficulties developed in other
parts of the nation.
Leather workers in 17 Philadelphia
factories failed to report for work.
Union officials said about 45 persons
were out after voting to strike be-
cause factory owners had declined to
discuss new terms with them follow-
ing expiration of an employment
agreement.
In New York, 75,000 PWA workers'
defrred- 9 n-i- ?riday a-- decision on.
a general strike at the request of a
Federal mediator. Knitted garmenti
workers there have voted for a gen-
eral walkout. Labor men estimated
400 men left their posts on the Mid-
town Hudson Tunnel project, but the
contractor said they did not number
more than 70.
Gov. Miller Declines
The Jacob Manufacturing Com-
pany's stove foundry Fat Bridgeport,
Ala., was closed after a night of dis-
order in which a child *as shot and
a truck dynamited. Governor Miller?
declined to send state troops there.
Moves to settle the strike of 12,500I
Alabama textile workers were believed'
imminent at Birmingham by an'
American Federation of Labor repre-
sentatives for conferences with state
officers of the United Textile Work-i
ers of America.1
Representatives of striking live-'
stock handlers and of the manage-
ment conferred with officials of the
Chicago Regional Labor Board in an-
other effort to culminate the stale-
mate at the Union stockyards.
Karpinski To Lecture
On Mathematics Today
Prof. Louis C. Karpinski of the
mathematics department will de-
liver a regular Summer Session'
lecture at 5 p.m. today on "Math-
ematical Experiences With The
Levant."

Fourth Concert
Presented By
Summer Band.
The University Summer Band gave"
its fourth concert of the season-last
night on the steps in front of thel
General Library.
Students directed the numbers cho-
sen by Prof. Nicholas D. Falcone, reg-
ular director of the Band. The con-
cert was of the "pop" concert form.
Elton G. Sawyer conducted the
opening numbers which were: John
Philip Sousa's "Manhattan Beach"
and the overture from Rossini's opera,1
"Barber of Seville."
The next number was "Prelude," by
Jean Beghon, conducted by Clark
Brody, Jr., followed by Haydn's "Mili-
tary Symphony" directed by Charles

But Detroit was manufacturing hits
and runs in the meantime, also. Theyt
picked up two in the fourth on Fox's
single, a sacrifice by Hamlin, White's
double and steal of third, and Coch-
rane's outfield fly.
Two more runs came in the fifth,
Gehringer scoring the first after he
had doubled, and Mary Owen the sec-
ond when, after Hudlin had finally
cleared the basepaths with two out,
he drove a home run over the right
field screen.
Red Phillips relieved Hamlin and
worked for two innings before the
entrance of Rowe, giving up only two
hits but being in trouble often be-
cause of wildness.
Hal Trosky was the batting star of
the day with a home run, a double,
and two singles. But the Schoolboy
was too much for him in the ninth.
Lyla Day Will
Present Piano
Recital H e re
Lyla Day, pianist, will present a
recital in the School of Music Audi-
torium, tonight at 8:30 p.m. The
program will be given as partial re-
quirement for the Master of Music de-
gree.
Miss Day received her undergradu-
ate training at Iowa State Teachers
College and has carried on post grad-
uate work at Chicago. She is now a
student of Prof. Joseph Brinkman.
For her program, Miss Day has
chosen works from the classical and
romantic composers. She has not
neglected the contributions to the de-
velopment of pianoforte literature by
composers of the 20th century and
has chosen a group of six numbers by
contemporary writers of music.
The recital will be given in three
groups of numbers, the first including
Bach, Mozart, and Beethoven; the
second, Chopin and Brahms; and
lastly, the contemporaries, Poulenc,
Goossens, Tcherepnine, Toch, and
Psinnv 4ar

_° t T

Yesterday's Results
New York 11-10, Boston 2-3. l
St. Louis 4, Chicago 0.
Cincinnati 7, Pittsburgh 6.
Brooklyn 8, Philadelphia 4.
Games Today
New York at Boston.
St. Louis at Chicago.
Pittsburgh at Cincinnati.
Philadelphia at Brooklyn.
Call Out Police
To Fight Huey
In New Orleans
Walmsley Prepares For A.
Struggle With Senator's
500 Guardsmen
NEW ORLEANS, Aug. 1.- VP)--
Some 500 National Guardsmen under
the orders of Senator Huey Long
and 1,400 policemen directed by May-
or T. Semmes Walmsley, both armed
for war, tonight were held in readi--
ness for a break in New Orleans' bit-
ter political controversy.
The soldiers, controlled by the Long
political machine, in uniform and
carrying arms, were bivouacked at
Jackson barracks. The policemen,
pistols and riot guns ready, were at
headquarters. Leaders of both sides
said any overt act would bring blood-
shed.
In reserve, Long had 500 more
militiamen who might be called at
any minute.
Machine guns were trained on the
city hall by the troops. The police
were ready to fight it out if the
soldiers appeared at police headquar-
ters.
Mayor Walmsley had been in-
formed that the Long forces might
make an attempt to take over the
police department at noon today
when the new police commission,
created by the recent Long-domi-
nated legislature, was authorized to
take office.
The Walmsley faction previously

U. S. opposes
ReuAlignment
Of Naval Ratios
Secretary Swanson Tells
Japan 20 Per Cent Cut In
Armament Favored
WASHINGTON, Aug. 1. - (P)-
Secretary Swanson frankly told Jap-
an -and the world - today that
while the United States might favor
a slash of 20 per cent in naval arma-
ment, it would oppose vigorously any
( re-alignment of existing naval ratios
for the principal powers.
The Secretary of the Navy said he
gave only his personal opinion but
high naval officers surrounded him
as he spoke and apparently he laid
down the position of his department
- if not that of the administration.
"I take the same position I have
always before taken," Secretary
Swanson said. "The naval powers met
in London and distributed naval
strength as they saw just and right.
*Naval strength_ is rela.v&. -..
"If we abandon the ratios there
is no telling where we shall go."
WASHINGTON, Aug. 1. - P) -
The naval high cornmand was dis-
closed authoritatively tonight to have
determined on a sharp reduction on
naval aviation construction.
Present plans, which may be al-
tered, call for 274 fewer planes than
the 2,184 which the Navy had de-
cided would be necessary under the
Vinson Bill authorizing a treaty-
strength navy by 1942.
A thousand planes now comprise
the naval air force, and plans have
evolved to build the other 1,184 in
annual installments.
High officials now have chopped
down the total to a tentative figure
of 1,910 planes as adequate for peace-
time navy requirements. The total
may be cut slightly again before a
final one is reached.
Play Opens Before
Well-Filled House
Elizabeth McFadden's play "Double
Door" opened what would appear to
be a successful run, judging from the
appreciation registered by the audi-
ence in the Lydia Mendelssohn The-
atre. The auditorium was well filled.
Among the well-known people
about the campus this summer who
were present at the opening were Miss
Ethel A. McCormick and her party
which included Mr. and Mrs. P. E.
Bursley, Mr. Blair Buck, Miss Eliza-
beth Lowne, Mr. Edward Gregory,
Miss Edna Hammil, Miss Maxine
Maynard, Miss Serena Windt, and Mr.
Valentine B. Windt.
Others present were Prof. and Mrs.
Richard Hollister, Dean Humphrey
and party, Mrs. Herman Kleene, Miss
Velma Lorickis, Prof. and Mrs. Henry
A. Sanders, Prof. Leroy Waterman,
Mrs. Byrl Bacher, Mrs. Myron, B.
Chapin, Prof. and Mrs. Ernest Fisher,
and Dr.'and Mrs. George R. Moore.
Dr. Margaret Bell Gives
Luncheon For 18 Guests
Dr. Margaret Bell entertained 18
guests at luncheon yesterday at Bar-
ton Hills Country Club. The party
was given in honor of several women
who have been associated with the
University who will not be here next
year.
The guests on this occasion were

BERLIN, Aug. 1.--() --Paul von
Hindenburg, president and idol of
Germany, grew weaker tonight, and
his stout heart beat more slowly.
He lapsed into unconsciousness at
Neudeck, his country estate, and at
one time it was announced that he
was in death throes.
About an hour and a half later, at
9:50 p.m., his physician, Dr. erdi-
nand Sauerbruch, telephoned to Ber-
lin that he was amazed at the Presi-
dent's power of resistance and that
he might linger for some time.
The opinion that the President
may "survive the night and even to-
morrow" was expressed tonight by
Dr. Riets, local physician who was
called in by the President himself to
join the specialists in charge of his
case.
Prof. Gustav von Bergmann, one
of Germany's most famous-special-
ists, arrived at Neudeck at 9 p.m.for-
a consultation.
Heart Growing Weker
Dr. Riets said that Von Hindenburg
has an unusually healthy heart, which
may hold out for another day, al-
though there is palpitation and it is
becoming weaker.
The physicians' reports were pre-
ceded by the revelation by a close
friend of Chancellor Adolf Hitler that
the Fuehrer planned, in the event of
both Pres1dent and Canncellor.
This step, say political observers,
would give Hitler a dictatorship as
absolute as any in the world.
The physicians' bulletin, announc-
ing the growing weakness of the 86-
year-old Field Marshal, was issued at
the end of a day in which at one
time he had shown improvement.
The doctors earlier had reported
that the remarkable vitality of the
Reichspresident again had demon-
strated itself and had announced that
bulletin service was suspended.
A short time later, however, the
four noted specialists at Neudeck is-
sued this bulletin:
"The Reichspresident's weakness is
increasing. He is gradually losing
conciousness. His heart is slowing."
Hitler Visits President
Hitler visited the President during
the day in a hurried trip. With his
imriAIliate entourage, the Chancellor
flew to Marienburg and then motored
to Neudeck. He was with the Presi-
ient for an hour and a quarter.
The Chancellor took to Von Hin-
denberg what the inspired press de-
scribed as the greetings and the hopes
of the whole German people.
As Hitler raced back for a special
Cabinet meeting tonight, he brought
perhaps a farewell message from the
old soldier or a political will and tes-
tament.
The Chancellor appeared tired and
worried when he returned, and went
at once to his office.
He stated that the President was
able to shake hands with him and
that he was still fully conscious at the
time of the visit early in the after-
noon.
Spell Comes Later
The sinking spell came later.
Hitler said that he told Von Hin-
denburg that the entire Nation was
hoping and praying for him. They
clasped hands, the President in ack-
nowledgement, and Von Hindenburg
later fell asleep.
Concern over Von Hindenburg's
condition pushed into the background
all other considerations in Germany.
The Austrian question, and Franz
von Papen's wait for the still-lacking
acceptance as minister to Austria
caused less than a ripple and the
squabble with Italy over the Austrian
outbreaks and the economic worries
of the Reich were forgotten for the
time being.
Interest extended beyond the Pres-
ident's health to the question of just
how Hitler would proceed to legalize
his reported plans to become presi-
rnfandha n1,nll nr.

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