THE MICHIGAN DAILY
the Disastrous End Of A Flight Into Stratosphere
These two pictures, taken from an army plane which followed the stratosphere balloon on its ill-fated
venture, provide remarkable views of the manner in which the big bag fell onto a Nebraska farm field.
At left is a view of the torn balloon as it drifted toward earth, and at right the ripped bag is shown as it
landed, leaving torn shreds drifting in the air. Arrows point to two of the three parachutes in which
the stratosphere explorers leaped safely to earth. (Asosciated Press Photos from National Geographic ---pic-
ture at right copyrighted by National Geographic Society.)
Tons Of Dust Blown
Thousands of tons of dust and san
were blown half way across the con
tinent, each successive wind btin
deeper into the denuded fields. I
is estimated that five million acres o:
farm land in eastern Montana hay
been abandoned during the seve
years of drought.
Rains in the drought states now ar
somewhat like pouring water on
hot stove. There hzave been from fiv
to seven years of s b-normal rains ii
the area. The present cycle of dr
years is the longest on record. It ha
continued for 25 years, the annua
rainfall gradually sinking from 2
to 19 inches. In some spots it wen
as low as 14 inches and in rare case
to 11 inches and below.
It generally is understood that les
than 12 inches of rain in a year even
tually will produce a desert. From
12 to 20 inches of rain generally wil
make land suitable for grazing pur
poses only. Precipitation of more
than 20 inches annually is regarded a
suitable for farm crops.
Some areas during the preseli
drought had as little as three-quarter
of an inch of rainfall during the firs
three months of the year.
In the Dakotas, Minnesota, Wis-
consin and Nebraska only one or two
years out of the last 10 have brought
normal rainfall. The federal govern-
ment is buying up surplus cattle in
the drought area for resale chiefly to
farmers in the south. Those which
have been so long without feed and
water that they are unfit for ship-
ment are paid for and slaughtered
Thousands of head of cattle were
dying in the western sections of the
Dakotas, Nebraska and Kansas, the
eastern fringe of Montana, Wyoming,
Colorado and New Mexico, and parts
of Minnesota, Wisconsin and the Tex-
as Panhandle when the government's
purchasing program began.
"Foundation" Herds Saved
Eighty-three-thousand farms had
been relieved of their surplus cattle
by the middle of July when federal
purchases had reached one million
head. Most of the cattle were shipped
direct to canning plants to be proc-
essed for use of the relief administra-
tion, a practice which has been sus-
pended at present. Slaughter of
emaciated stock and shipment of
surplus cattle into grassland states
have been continued.
Less severe droughts often have
swept the ranges clean, wiping out
even the foundation herds. Now that
ranchmen and farmers are being re-
lieved of surplus cattle it is said they
can be supplied with enough feed to
maintain a reasonable foundation
The wedding of Miss Katherine
Bird, daughter of Mrs. Margaret Bird,
and the Rev. John H. Keene, son of
Mrs. John H. Keene of East Orange,
N. J., was held yesterday afternoon
at 4 p.m. in St. Andrew's, Episcopal
church. The services were read by
two of Mr. Keene's classmates, the
Rev. James Carmen, of Denver, and
the Rev. Ernest Churchill, of Nyack,
Miss Mary Eliza Shannon, of Ma-
tewan, W. Va., acted as the bride's
only attendant. Mr. Keene was as-
sisted by the Rev. William bpicer, of
Miss Bird was graduated from the
University in 1929. She is a member
of Pi Beta Phi sorority. Mr. Keene
Oxford Men 'Play The Game'
With Startling Versatility
EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the first of
e a series of four articles on English
university athletic customs and tradi-
a tions written for The Associated Press
by John W. Fellows, former University
e of Wisconsin and later Oxford star
n track man, who also attended Cornell
university.H e has received special er-
y mrission. from the Amateur Athletic
S Union of the United States to write '
4 I. The Well-Rounded Oxonian
4 "Eights week" is to Oxford what
s homecoming is to an American uni-
versity. It is the supreme moment in
s the memory of every loyal Oxonian
- from the depths of the Amazon to
the top of Mount Everest.
i .Our scene is the towpath of the
Isis on a sunny May afternoon.
Crowds of students and citizens walk
s or run along the bank, laughing gaily,
chattering excitedly about the last
race and the next. Innumerable lit-
tle ferry boats loaded to the gunwales
t pole back and forth from the tow
s path to the row of white college
t houseboats on the opposite bank.
Stately barges are they -with col-
lege crests on their sterns, college
flags at their masts, and decks
thronging with be-blazered under-
graduates, fluffy fiancees and sombre
dons (professors to you). In the
background are the weeping willows
of the Cherwell, peaceful green mea-
dows and the walls of Merton and
Corpus Christi, seemingly sleepy in
1 the sunshine.
"Bloody Well Rowed!"
Boom! - The warning gun. Excit-
Then, far down the river, a tiny
tidal wave seems to approach. There
are faint shouts and intermittent
gunshots. Louder and nearer it
grows, until the shouts melt into an
uproar and the crackle of gunshots
becomes almost terrifying.
The prow of the first boat darts
around the bend in the river. Close
behind it a second shell scuds along,
then a third and fourth. In each of
them eight men strain desperately at
their oars; in each a colorful coxy
roars a stentorian "row!" with each
sweep of the painted sculls.
As the shells skim before us, hordes
of collegians in muddy shorts hurtle
savagely dowi the towpath, bumping
everyone, howling hoarsely and shoot-
ing their signal guns.
"Jaggers" And "House"
"Jaggers, Jaggers - pull up, Jag-
gers! Oh, well rowed - bloody well
"Come along House, come along-
only half a length now - House!
("Jaggers" is Jesus college; "House"
Suddenly there is a terrific splash-<
ing.The sixth shell rips through the
water, the prow of the seventh hug-
ging its rudder. Inch by inch it;
creeps up until it is just under the
coxwain's elbow. Impassively he
raises his hand, and their race isl
over. Sixteen exhausted men pull two
boats to the bank; 60 tired runners
stop to offer condolences or smiling
Adept With A Tea Cup
Now change the scene to a tea table
in one of the college rooms. There
the most tireless oarsman, the most
frienzied rooter, plays a new role.
With consummate skill he balances
a cup of tea on his knee. With Aris-
totelian logic he argues questions of
live interest to England's intelligent-
1. That a line should be drawn
2. That this House approves of
Gandhi, nudism, and Greta Garbo.
3. That this House would welcome
a return to the Middle Ages.
If an American student aspires to
greatness, he specializes. He strives
to be a brilliant scholar, a social lion
or a great athlete.
An Oxford man, on the other hand,
dare not hide away like a hermit nor
frolic like a grasshopper. He must
wield tongue, pen, scull, and glass
with equal facility.
Even as he stands at the portals of
the university he is brought before
the head of his college and told that
he has not come to gain a specific ob-
ject, but to live a Life -"the Oxford
Life" - and to live it as best he may.
Where7 To Go
Those Winning Britons
Have Their Own System
Our English cousins are having
one of their best sporting seasons
in years in international competi-
tion. The stunning upset victory
of Oxford's miler, Jack Lovelock,
over Princeton's Bill Bonthron
adds further laurels to the "Eng-
lish system" of taking sports more
casually than do Americans.
Just what is this "English sys-
tem"? John W. Follows, who was
a varsity athlete at the University
of Wisconsin, later at Oxford, and
had another good look at Ameri-
can campus life in graduate work
at Cornell, has written an inter-
esting series of four stories ana-
lyzing the British attitude toward
athletics and giving glimpses of
Oxford campus life.
The first article on how "Oxford
Plays the Game" starts today on
the sports page of The Daily.
University G 1
Is Subject Of
Believes It Indispensable
In Our 'Unstable' -And
(Continued from Page 1)
lead men to cherish the spirit of
group achievement and collective en-
He decried the capitalistic system
as "resting upon the assumption that
by holding out the lure of weights,
salaries, rent, interest, and profits to
the individual through the miraculous
operation of a market the needs of
mankind will be served.
"Our system is not completely cap-
italistic," he said, "because it. is not
completely free, nor completely pri-
vate, and perhaps the most important
services rendered even in our, society
bear no _relation to material reward
"We realize, too, that frequently, if
not periodically, this economic mech-
anism breaks down with the conse-
quences of widespread misery, gen-
eral insecurity, and social derange-
ment," he continued.
Commenting on the present social
order, Professor Wirth stated, "I sus-
pect that few of us, in our saner mo-
ments, consider this a world worthy
of our abilities and potentialities, and
sometimes I am inclined to believe
that even a feeble-minded person
could organize a better world for men
to live in, than this."
"It is a world which, to be sure,
keeps most of us alive in one way or
another; but it is a world nevertheless
full of strange contradictions and
anomalies. There have been times
before in the history of mankind when
men were hungry, but never, I be-
lieve, 'because there was too much
food to go around," he continued.
Returning to. social planning once
more, Professor Wirth concluded that
there was no need to worry "about
whether men will have incentives,
once the profit motive is abolished, to
work for the common good of man-
kind, for even in our own order most
people get only a bare subsistence
for their effort and do not even have
the slightest hope of becoming rich."
State Will Need
U. S. Assistance
FREMONT, August 1. - (/P) -Gov.
Comstock, speaking at Fremont's an-
nual homecoming celebration, warned'
his audience that the only solution
for Michigan's relief problem next
winter is to "swallow our pride and
go to Washington for a direct dole."
Scoffing at charges that his admin-
istration had fallen into disfavor
with the national government, Gov.
Comstock said that appropriations
from the federal government to Mich-
igan. for relief work had totaled
$150,000. ' e
Discussing the problem of providing
winter relief, the Governor said he
favored "a public works program in-
stead of a direct dole," and lamented
the public's defeat in the special elec-
tion of his proposal to bond the state
to $38,000,000 to finance public proj-
The governor had just returned
from the annual conference of gover-
nors at Mackinac Island, where the
national relief administrator appealed
to the states to shoulder a portion
of this winter's relief costs.
He declared that the only instance
in which Michigan failed to get its
share of public funds from Washing-
ton was from the Public Works Ad-
ministration, and he blamed this on
the defeat of the $38,000,000 bond
issue proposal. He characterized the
defeat as the "silliest thing I ever
Chicago Art Institute
Plans $10,000,000 Home
CHICAGO, Aug. 1.- (P) - A $10,-
000,000 home for famous paintings
of the world is contemplated in the
near future by directors of the Art
Institute of Chicago.
The edifice will be an addition to
the present art institutenbuilding,nbut
instead ,bf fronting on Michigan
boulevard it will face the outer drive,
skirting Lake Michigan in Grant
Construction of the first unit is
expected to begin about January 1
and other wings will be added as
money becomes available. The whole
project is expected to require about
10 years for completion.
Prof. Louis C. Karpinski, above, who
has recently returned from a sab-
batical leave spent in the Near East,
will lecture at 5:00 p.m. today in the
Natural Science Auditorium on
"Mathematical Experiences With The
Pop elPius Now
At His Summer
Home In Hills
CASTEL, GANDOLFO, Italy, Aug.
1. - () - The reverential salutes of
hundreds of peasants greeted Pope
Pius as he arrived tonight at this
quaint village, perched on the side of
the Alban Hills, to take up residence
for the summer in the beautiful Papal
Without ceremony or fanfare, His
Holiness shortly before sunset mo-
tored from the Vatican, 17 miles
away. Tonight will be the first since
his ascendency to the Papal throne
that he will not sleep in the Vatican.
The Pope found this village, which
since 1869, has not counted a pope
among its residents, bedecked with
Virtually all the villagers were in
the public plaza and their number
was augmented by peasants from
miles around. Many had walked great
distances, and some had come on the
backs of burros.
They cheered as the Pope's four-
car motorcade arrived, and as he
stepped from his machine they knelt
Initiation Is Held
By Phi Delta Kappa
Phi Delta Kappa, national honor-
ary education fraternity, initiated 2
new members yesterday afternoon.
The ceremony, which was held at
4:30, was followed by a banquet at
The new members are: Grover C.
Baker, George L. Clark, Harold A.
Clark, Paul H. Coover, John W. Fau-
sey, L. E. Harriss, Charles T. Hughes,
Harlan M. Hungerford, John Jacobs,
Henry G. James, George W. Lance,
Lewis M. Lash, Archibald R. Mac-
Laren, Leo P. McDonald; Floyd H.
McKibben, Joseph W. Menge, Fred A.
Miller, John T. Morris, Reynold G.
Oas, James E. Pease, John .G. Quar-
ters, Rome Rankin, Glenn Schoen-
hals, Charles A. Semler, Bruce R.
Siders, and Layton E. Thompson.
FLOWERED BATISTE $1.29
Small, Medium and Large Sizes
NL~. 8 Nickels Arcade Ph. 2-2914
Ann Vardon Is
Named Head Of
Announcement has been made. by
the Dean of Women's office and the
board of directors of Betsy Barbour
House that the new director of the
house for this year will be Miss Ann
Miss Vardon received her education
at Michigan State Normal College,
receiving her degree at Michigan.
She later attended the Prince
School at Boston for a year. She was
counsellor of Students at Highland
Park high school for a number of
years and comes here from the per-
sonnel department of J. L. Hudson
Her affiliations here are with Delta
Delta Delta sorority. Miss Vardon
plans to continue her graduate work
In addition to .the announcement
of a new Betsy Barbour head is that
Miss Cile Miller, '31, Milwaukee, has
been appointed assistant director at
Jordan Hall in the place of Miss Doro-
thy Birdsell, '32, who is resigning to
make her home in Washington, D. C.
Miss Miller has been engaged in
journalistic work for the past two
years in Milwaukee. While here she
was prominent in campus activities.
-Her sorority affiliation is Alpha Phi.
She is also a member of Phi Kappa
Phi, and was president of Theta Sig-
Directors have now been appointed
for all dormitories. This spring Mrs.
Charles Codd was chosen to fill the
place of Miss Ruth Smith after Miss
Smith's resignation was accepted.
Miss Ruth Pfohl, of the School of
Music, will replace Mrs. Florence tou-
sey at Helen Newberry Residence,
and Mrs. Delta M. Smith is to be the
new director of Alumnae House.
Southern Club To
Hold Pienic Today
The Southern Club will hold a pic-
nic this evening at Portage Lake. The
picnic, which is an annual affair for
all the southerners in the Summer
Session, will be a general get-together
for all the faculty and students from
below the Mason and Dixon line.
The supper will be served at 6:30
p.m. Those wishing free transporta-
tion should gather in front of Angell
Hall between 4 p.m. and 5 p.m. today.
Tickets, which will be 50 cents, may
be procured from George M. Smith,
201 Chemistry Building, or may be
bought after arriving at the Lake.
This is the second time this group
has met together during the summer.
Mulberries are a menace to the
dried-fruit industry because they har-
bor the eggs of the raisin moth.
* AN AFTERNOON PICNIC...
* AN EVENING'S ENTER-
TAINMENT ... Try
CANOEING on the Huron.
Huron River at foot of Cedar St.
2:00 -Michigan Theatre, "Smarty"
with Joan Blondell and Warren Wil-
2:00 - Majestic Theatre, "Heat
Lightning" with Lyle Talbot and Ann
2:00 - Wuerth Theatre, two fea-
tures, "Bedside" with Warren William
and "Girl Without a Room" with
4:00 -Same features at the three
4:10- Conference, "The Health
Program of the University High
School," Mabel E. Rugen, assistant
professor of physical education for
women. (Room 1022, University High
5:00 -Lecture, "Mathematics Ex-
periences With the Levant," Prof.
Louis C. Karpinski.
7:00 - Same features at the three
8:30-Elizabeth McFadden's "Dou-
ble Door" by the Michigan Repertory
Players, Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Canoeing on the Huron every after-
noon and evening.
Dancing at the Blue Lantern Ball-
room, Island Lake.
William Rice Named To
Labor Disputes Court
WASHINGTON, Aug. 1- (P) -The
new deal has placed another graduate,
of the famous "Brandeis school" in
a high niche in the government. I
William Gorham Rice, Jr., is the
Oklahoma College Student
Surrenders To Attorney
After Eluding Offi ers
OKLAHOMA CITY, Aug. 1. - (P)-
Facing murder charges in the death
of Miss Marian Mills, former Univer-
sity of Oklahoma beauty queen, Neal
Myers, young pharmacy student, sur-
rendered to his attorney here early to-
day after eluding officers for three
Tired and worn from his wander-
ings in three states, the 21-year-old
university student appeared at the
home of his attorney, W. P. Morri-
son, and disclaimed responsibility for
the death of Miss Mills at Norman,
Okla., July 10.
"I committed no crime," he cried.
"I just couldn't face the disgrace."
Young Myers fled from Norman
following the death of the girl at the
apartment of Mrs. Hazel Brown, a
fraternity house cook. Mrs. Brown.
told authorities the girl had been
taking quack medicines in an effort
to avert motherhood.
Myers pleaded not guilty to the
murder charge when arraigned today.
He was jailed after the hearing.
Miss Mills was chosen by Fredric
March, the actor, as the university's
"most beautiful girl" in 1930.
She was found dead by Dr. E. F.
Stephens, who had been summoned
by Myers just before his flight.
Mrs. Brown, the fraternity house
latest of the - former secretaries of cook, was arrested and questioned at
Supreme Court Justice Louis D. Bran- length by County Attorney Paul Ud-
deis to attain prominence. He has ! degraff. She said the couple appealel
been appointed counsel to the new for sanctuary in the Brown home
national labor relations board - the while the quack remedy was admin-
supreme court of labor disputes. istered.
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