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January 07, 1956 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1956-01-07

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* ~1m$ idiigwu kigy
Sixty-Sixth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

"You Sure You Want To Do That, Lyndon:"

* - - 3 -_ e
When Opinions Are Free,
Truth Will Prevail

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only. This must be noted in all reprints.

URDAY, JANUARY 7, 1956

NIGHT EDITOR: GAIL GOLDSTEIN

Education Limited In Greeks'
Quest for Uniformity
ACCORDING TO Dr. Alfred McLung Lee, ous in a university student. He is at a univer-
president of the National Committee on sity to learn, and that includes in his social
Fraternities in Education, the problem of contacts as well as in the hours he spends in.
fraternity-sorority bias clauses is still very much
with class. He is defeating the very purpose of his
Despite efforts of national conventions to education in throwing away opportunities to
eliminate them, a survey conducted by the broaden his knowledge of cultures other than
NCFE shows that they exist in ten leading his own, to learn about people. Therefore, he
fraternities and one sorority. And even more Wastes at least part of the money and time
insidious than the written clauses, which can he spends by getting a totally limited educa-
at least lay claim to being open and above-
board, are the unwritten ones wherein affiliates
of the moment choose where their prejudices ON A much larger national scale, bias clauses
lie make our much-flaunted ideal of democracy
Why do bias clauses, written and unwritten, look as silly as the Till trial did, whether the
exist? Probably one of the major reasons is clauses involve Negro, Jew or Mexican. It is
the avowed purpose of the fraternity-sorority impossible to point with pride to an ideal of
system itself. A sorority or fraternity is, in social justice withinwhose framework so much
theory at least, a housing group where con- obvious injustice exists.
genial people live and work, drawn together The problem's solution lies with both alumni
by a sameness of interests and ideals and close and present affiliates. It is up to alumni to
friendships. Nobody would deny a person the back up resolutions against bias clauses with
right to determine with whom he is going to money and influence. But it is also very much
live. the present affiliates' job to eliminate injustices,
But on the other hand, this quest for a particularly unwritten ones, at their source-
uniformity of interests seems to demonstrate from within.,
a type of narrow-minded thinking very danger- -TAMMY MORRISON
Getting Out of a Rut'

~.. ,~ - * .
- -
WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
Experiences in an Iron Lung
By DREW PEARSON

AT THE STATE:
'Pompeys Head' Weak
Sensationalism
THERE IS something innately strange and romantic in the destruc-
tion of the Old South and the people who live in its crumbling
ruins and illusionary ideals. Hundreds of American writers have ex-
plored its tragedy and it presents a marvelous starting point for an
examination of how historical and family history affect man's present
and future.
Superficially, "The View from Pompey's Head" is concerned with
this problem, but is, only "superficially." The major emphasis is on
sensationalism, the kind a minor character speaks against near the
film's beginning when he discusses a writer played by Sidney Black-

mer: he just writes about "rape
people think "that's all we do
down here."
There is no "rape" in "Pom-
pey's Head," although husband
Cameron, Mitchell does assault his
wife Dinah (Dana Wynter), and
there is certainly no incest-but
this is probably because of the
Hollywood production code. The
film does, however, rely on what-
ever major shocking actions of
human character the censor will
allow.
THE PLOT is an involved and
elaborate affair. It tells how law-
yer Richard Egan comes back to
his old Southern home to inves-
tigate a law suit. He finds Dinah
married into "white trash" so
that she could buy back her an-
cestral home. From the moment
she walks into his hotel room
while he is taking a bath, it is
obvious that they will fall in love.
Before long they are standing
under moonlit magnolia trees and
he is recalling "the way you
laughed, the soft summer after-
noons, the tenderness of the
nights," and so on; their hands
touch, their lips tremble, he wants
to kiss her, she is afraid her hus-
band may see them.
Eventually-they do declare their
love, but she is unwilling to divorce
her husband and lose her "House
Beautiful" home. So the couple
part friends.
THERE ARE ALL sorts of other
melodramatic doings: the writer
turns out to have a Negro mother,
his wife (Marjorie Rambeau)
starts losing her mind--everything
leads to tragedy, but the charac-
ters are so shallow and immature
that tragedy is impossible.
Miss Wynter, Egan and Mitchell
carry much of the dialogue, but
they are relatively inexperienced
actors in their first big role. None
has sufficient dramatic maturity
to bring their trite characters to
life.
-Ernest Theodossin
AT THE ORPHEUM
Hoo
Dobson.

and incest and

all that stuff"-

LETTERS
to the
EDITOR
Fancy Figuring...
To the Editor:
ENCLOSED is an article appear-
ing in the Newark Sunday
News for December 18:
"Larry Pesin, writing in The
Rutgers Observer, published by
the Newark College of Rutgers
University, asks why the Scarlet
football squad isn't Pasadena-
bound. Makes sense-in a way-
too. If you can call this sense:
Rutgers beat Brown
Brown beat Harvard
Harvard beat Princeton
Princeton beat Yale
Yale beat Army
Army beat Navy
Navy beat Pitt
Pitt beat Duke
Duke beat Ohio State
Ohio State beat Michigan
Michigan beat Michigan State
Despite this, Michigan State is
going to the Rose Bowl, and Rut-
gers is looking for a new football
coach."

_,a

FOR AT least two students who won jobs
in last spring's all-campus elections, the
ballot-counting sessions had elements of farce.
The two, who were unopposed in their candi-
dacy for Senior Board positions, answered the
congratulations of bystanders with uncertain
grins. To become class officers they had only
to pay the campaign fee required.
Today they're among the 36 members of
Senior Board (composed of four officers from
each of the nine undergraduate schools).
Whether or not they're qualified for their jobs
was irrelevant at election time, and still is. The
fact remains that much more competent poten-
tial officers might have developed from among
the members of the class who didn't run.
This "might" was and is important.
For two reasons those who sat back and
watched during the elections can't be blamed.
Little attention, in the first place, was focused
on- the senior jobs at a time when major
student government positions were also at
stake. Secondly, Senior Board has done almost
nothing in recent years to attract the interest
of potential candidates.
Student Government Council's decision Wed-
nesday to hold senior class elections separately
from all-campus voting should improve the
status quo. The decision should remind the
campus that Senior Board exists, and it might
draw more qualified candidates into the race.
BUT THE SGC decision is only a starting
point. Senior Board itself must be revamped
from an unwieldy 36-member body to a tighter,
more compact group. Two officers from each

school-a president and a secretary-treasurer-
would be quite enough.
Next the Board must decide exactly what
its functions are to be, to avoid duplication of
effort with other campus groups. Already many
of its aims roughly parallel those, of other
organizations, with results leaving both sides
uncertain.
This year's Board has been genuinely inter-
ested in evading the rut established by its
predecessors. But the rut is deeply entrenched.
The group's major function is to collect senior
dues, which buy a class gift and finance various
projects. In the past years a senior dance,
traditionally outweighed in popularity by other
affairs, has been unprofitably planned.
The smaller colleges and schools do feel some
class unity, but it's ludicrous to envision much
esprit de corps unifying the many hundreds of
Literary College students. Class projects, there-
for, must be planned and directed by a close-
knit board.
POSSIBLY OFFICERS should be elected from
lower classes, to generate some feeling of
class loyalty--now all but nonexistent, even!
among seniors. Complaints ,recur perennially
about the lack of an intangible termed "spirit,"
which apparently was outmoded with the last
frosh-soph tug of war. This might rebuild it.
Senior Board deserves general campus inter-
est in settling its problems. SGC has taken
an important first step, by assuring healthier
competition in future Board elections, but more
steps, of equal value, must follow.
--JANE HOWARD, Associate Editor

DAILY
OFFICIAL
:BULLETIN

N

THE other evening I went down
to the Providence Hospital in
Washington and did a telecast
from inside an iron lung. I con-
fess that I approached the assign-
ment with no particular qualms
and the feeling that this might
be a good way to sneak in a few
hours of rest. I also confess that
I never wanted to get out of a
tight spot sp much in my life.
I found myself locked in, an
airtight pad around my neck, head
out in the free world, body a pris-
oner, hands unable to touch my
head, unable even to scratch my
nose. You can see the world
around you through a mirror, but
you can't see your feet, arms, any
part of you. It's as if your head
were completely severed from your
body. A body that breathes whe-
ther you want it to or not . . .
Breathes in quick intakes or long
intakes according to how your
nurse adjusts the speed of the
bellows at the end of the lung. She
turns a gadget and you breathe-
up and down, faster, slower, whe-
ther you want to breathe that way
or not.
* * *
IT'S AN eerie sound, that
breathing, like the wash of waves
on the shore, a steady pounding

of the air, pounding in, sucking
out, forcing your lungs to expand
and contract . . . pound-suck . .
expand-contract . . . in-out ..-.
all night long. You have to co-
ordinate and cooperate. You
don't argue with an iron lung.
It's the boss. It does the breath-
ing. And the sooner you relax
and let it do the work the better
off you are.
It came about when I reported
what most people didn't then
know, that Basil O'Connor, Presi-
dent of the Infantile Paralysis
Foundation, had gone out and bor-
rowed $9,000,000 to finance- the
manufacture of Salk vaccine last
winter so American children could
have that precious preventive one
year early.
Naturally he now has to pay
the money back. And to help pay
it back I agreed to become chair-
man of Iron Lung Day to help
raise money for the March of
.Dimes and to help put an iron
lung in every community.
* * *
DESPITE the miracle of the
Salk vaccine, one tragedy about
polio is that the proportion of
adult polio is increasing. FDR was
stricken, it should be remembered,
at the age of 39. Since then, in

fact, since 1944, adult polio has
increased 25 per cent.' Yet it will
be five years before there will be
enough Salk Vaccine to get around
to treating adults. Meanwhile the
type that usually strikes them is
bulbar polio, paralysis of the chest,
which requires an iron lung im-
mediately and constantly.
If the'patient doesn't have an
iron lung, he dies. Or if he's tak-
en out of the lung for more than
a minute or two, he dies. That
air rushing into the lung, 'that
eerie pound-swish that I had such
a hard time getting used to, is
life to a polio patient.
In addition, all too many respi-
ratory or iron-lung patients must
have continuing treatment.
All this the Polio Foundation
tries to supply-with your help-
which is why I thought it was
important to spend an evening at
Providence Hospital inside one of
those cylinder prisons.
You lie there, thinking, as I
did, how lucky you are, and fin-
ally you tell the nurse to let you
out, hoping that you can convey,
via the typewriter, some slight
idea of how great is the need to
continue the battle-continue the
March of Dimes.
(Copyright, 1955, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

Overdone

,v

:IN THIS CORNER:
S1 Risky Game of Chance,
By MURRY FRYMER

VOICE OF A FREE PRESS:
'Speaking Without Fear- The Truth'

COLLEGE men planning post graduate ca-
reers are well-aware of the possibility of
having them cut short by the draft. It is one
of the most disturbing elements for many
whose choice of career is indefinite, or whose
method of attaining desired positions is un-
certain.
In the past this has forced many to volun-
teer for the draft, that is, notify their boards-
that they wish to be drafted, thereby allowing
themselves a clear field when their term of
service has been completed.
However, latest statistics point out that only
about one in fifteen eligible men will be drafted
in 1956. This is due mainly to the increasing
number of volunteer enlistments, increasing
numbers of draft eligible youth, and the de-
clining quotas set up by the armed forces.
What this outlook means, then, is that the
young man who takes his chance with the
Editorial Staff
Dave Baad........................Managing Editor
Jim Dygert.......... ....................... City Editor
Murry Frymer......................Editorial Director
Debra Durchslag ..................... Magazine Editor
David Kaplan ....................,..... Feature Editor
Jane Howard ......................... Associate Editor
Louise Tyor ..........................Associate Editor
Phil Douglis ... ......,................ Sports Editor
Alan Eisenberg................Associate Sports Editor
Jack Horwitz...............Associate Sports Editor
Mary Hellthaler ..................... Women's Editor
Elaine Edmonds...........Associate Women's Editor
John Hirtzel ...................... Chief Photographer
Business Staff
Dick Aistrom:....................Business Manager

draft, will have an increasingly better chance
of avoiding any military service.
Also, college men will be less and less subject
to the pressure of being taken away from their
studies by the home board. The older man,
the draft-eligible who are in their later twen-
ties, and the married men, especially with fami-
lies, will be even a better risk, since new Se-
lective Service plans call for putting them off
till other rolls are exhausted.
YET, despite the rosiness of the present pic-
ture, there is the possibility of a vicious
circle which could increase draft chances again
later this year. For example, the increased
number of volunteers may be men who ex-
pect to be drafted anyway, and are simply
exercising their prerogative of service branch.
With the increased chances of missing the
draft, these figures could drop, and in turn
raise the draft figures again.
Whatever the chances, the college graduate
today is still taking a risk. If he chooses to
attempt to avoid the draft, he may do it. Then
again, he may not and be forced to enter
military service at a less opportune time.
The entire selective service system has be-
come a jumbled game of mathematical chance,
and the prospect is not good either for today's
graduate, or the morale of the armed forces.
How, for example, does a young man feel
being drafted when he knows it was 15 to 1
that he wouldn't? Rotten luck? Not the best
attitude with which to go into the service.
What the army wants most of all is a strong
and ready reserve. It is not necessary for one
out of fifteen to serve two years in the active
armed forces to do this. It could be accomp-
lished by a more universal system of training

(EDITOR'S NOTE: The following
editorial appeared in Thursday's New
York Times in answer to the current
Eastlandinvestigation of the press.
It is here somewhat abridged.)
IN executive hearings held re-
cently in this city, in public
hearings held last summer in
Washington, and now again in
public hearings held in Washing-
ton, a Senate sub-committee head-
ed by Senator James 0. Eastland
of Mississippi has been looking
for evidence of what it considers
to be subversive infiltration of the
press.
A number of employes of this
newspaper have been called to
appear as witnesses before the
subcommittee.
We do not question the right or
the propriety of any investigation
of the press by any agency of
Congress. The press is not sacro-
sanct. It is as properly subject
to Congressional inquiry as any
other institution in American life.
It is the inescapable responsi-
bility of Congress, however, to
make certain that any such in-
quiry be conducted in good faith
and not motivated by ulterior pur-
pose.
- * * .*
A FEW employes of this news-
paper who have appeared before
the Eastland subcommittee have
pleaded the Fifth Amendment. A
few others have testified to mem-
bership in the Communist party
over periods terminating at vari-

this paper, because we would not
trust his ability to report the news
objectively or to comment on it
honestly, and the discovery of
present Communist party member-
ship on the part of such an em-
ploye would lead to his immediate
dismissal.
In the case of those employes
who have testified to some Com-
munist association in the past,
or who have pleaded the Fifth
Amendment for reasons of their.
own, it will be our policy to judge
each case on its own merits, in
the light of each individual's re-
sponsibilities in our organization
and of the degree to which his re-
lations with this newspaper en-
title him to possess our confi-
dence.
WE MAY say this, however. We
do not believe in the doctrine of
irredeemable sin. We think it
possible to atone through good
performance for past error, and we
have tried to supply the security
andethe favorable working condi-
tions which should exist in a de-
mocracy and which should encour-
age men who were once misled to
reconsider and to reshape their
political thinking-
We have judged these men, and
we shall continue to judge them,
by the quality of their work and
by our confidence in their ability
to perform that work satisfactori-
ly.
It is our own business to decide

precisely because of the vigor of
its opposition to many of the
things for which Mr. Eastland, his
colleague Mr. Jenner and the sub-
committee's counsel stand-that is,
because we have condemned segre-
gation in the Southern schools;
because we have challenged the
high-handed and abusive methods
employed by various Congressional
committees; because we have de-
nounced McCarthyism and all its
works; because we have attacked
the narrow and bigoted restric-
tions of the McCarran Immigration
Act; because we haye criticized a
'security system" which conceals
the accuser from his victim; be-
cause we have insisted that the
true spirit of American democra-
cy demands a scrupulous respect
for the rights of even the lowliest
individual and a high standard of
fair play.
IF THIS is the tactic of any
member of the Eastland subcom-
mittee, and if further evidence re-
veals that the real purpose of the
present inquiry is to demonstrate
that a free newspaper's policies
can be swayed by Congressional
pressure, then we say to Mr. East-
land and his counsel that they are
wasting their time.
This newspaper will continue to
determine its own policies.
We cannot speak unequivocally
for the long future. But we can
have faith. And our faith is strong
that long after Senator Eastland
and his present subcommittee are

BASED on a popular turn-of-the-
century British comedy, "Hob-
son's Choice" is a vignette about
nineteenth century middle-class
life.
Hobson (Charles Laughton) is
the proprietor of a shoemaking es-
tablishment and is one of those
tyrannical, egotistic and omnis-
cient fathers who terrorizes every-
one, including his young helper,
Willie (John Mills) and his three
daughters.
But daughter Maggie (Brenda
de Banzie) revolts, pursues Willie,
marries him and forces him to
hold his own against Hobson. Since
Willie is the genius behind the
beautiful footwear products, Hob-
son really has no "choice," for he
either must tone down or go
broke.
From the moment that Laugh-
ton comes on view, arriving home
from a drinking bout, and emits
one long, thundrous belch, setting
all his chins aquiver-it is ap-
parent that he is going to be the
main interest.
* * *
LAUGTON IS one of the best
pupils of the "ham school of act-
ing." Although he overdoes every-
thing just a little too much, and
gives the impression of reveling a
little too often in his enormous
rotundness, he does have a per-
sonal warmth and charm that off-
set the eccentricities. When he
moves he undulates all over, when
he talks, his face plops about like
a tempest-tossed ship; but he can
come up with an amazing number
of expressions that most actors
cannot even suggest-and if they
are a little too obvious with Laugh-
ton, they are at least unmistak-
able.
"Hobson's Choice" is the perfect
foil for Laughton and he has
enough experience to employ it
skillfully. An appreciation of his
talents depends on an apprecia-
tion of his style.
The romantic sub-plot is handled
with admirable restraint by Miss
de Banzie and Mills. But the ma-
terial itself is a little too romanti-
cally extended to be very convinc-
ing. It is one of those plain tales

THE Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication. Notices
for the Sunday edition must be in
by 2 p.m. Friday.
SATURDAY, JANUARY 7, 1956
VOL. LXVII, NO. 70
General Notices
Change in Parking Regulations. Ef-
fective Sat., Jan. 7, all University
parking lots will be restricted to per-
mit holders until 12 o'clock noon on
Saturdays. The lots will be patrolled
by the Ann Arbor Police and the reg-
ulations will be enforced. The sign
at the entrance to all lots have been
changed to conform with this regula-
tion.
Nelson International House is now
accepting applica-dons for Houseparents
or Housemother. Preferably University
affiliation. 26 or over. Steward and
social responsibilities. Phone Peter
Barnard, NO 3-8506, 915 Oakland.
Lecture Course Ushers are notified
that the Clifton Fadiman Lecture,
which was to have been given Tues.,
Jan. 10, has been postponed till sun.,
Feb. 12 at 8:30 p.m.
Lectures
Dr. Robert Heine-Geldern, Professor
of Ethnology, University of Vienna,
will give two lectures on prehistoric
contacts between Asia and America.
Mon., Jan. 9, Aud. B, Angell Hall at
4:15 p.m. "Chinese Influence in the
Art of America." Tues., Jan. 10, Aud.
B, Angell Hall at 4:15 p.m., "Hindu-
Buddhist Influence in the Art of
Meso-America."
Academic Notices
Doctoral Examination for Hazel Mar-
garet Batzer, English Language and
Literature; thesis: "Heroic and Senti-
nal Elements in Thomas Otway's Trage-
dies," Sat., Jan. 7, East Council Room,
Rackham Bldg., at 9:00 a.m. Chairman,
L. I. Bredvoid.
Doctoral Examination for Edwin John
Thomas, Social Psychology; thesis: "Ef-
fects of Interdependence and Ego
Strength," Mon., Jan. 9, 6625 Haven
Hall, at 10:00 a.m. Chairman, A. F.
Zander.
Placement Notices
PERSONNEL REQUESTS:
Connecticut State Civil Service an-
nounces an exam for Social Worker.
Requires four years employment in so-
cial or group work ,or graduation from
college preferably with courses in soci-
ology or psych.
State of Indiana has an opening for.
a Correctional Institution Counselor
VII. The man should have a B.S. or
a B.A.In Soc., or Psych., and be a U.S.
citizen.
U.S. Civii Service, Chicago District,
announces an opening for a Food Pro-
ducts Specialist for work in the follow-
ing fields of Food Research and De-
velopment: Meat Products; Dairy Pro-
ducts, Cereal and Baked Products, Edi-
ble Fats, Poultry, Confection Products,
Fish, Fruit, Beverages, vegetables, Food
Engrg., and General Products.
A local organization ha an opening
for an Office Secretary. Shorthand is
prefered.

I

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