cl 4r ir. Ug n Bally
FROM THE OTHER SIDE:
'Not A Pretty Story'
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
pinions Are Free.
z Will Prevail"
vials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
,FEBRUARY 17, 1956
NIGHT EDITOR: MARY LEE DINGLER
Doctors' Report No Forecast
To Eisenhower Decision,
STOCK MARKET and the odds that
ight Eisenhower will seek re-election shot
dl following this week's report by his
s, but Republican optimism seems some-
by heart specialist Dr. Paul Dudley
the six physicians declared that "medi-
he chances are that the President should
e to carry on an active life satisfactorily
other five to ten years."
White added, however, that "the choice
se words were among the most meaning-
>ken at the doctors' news conference, for
resident's immediate physical condition
e only a part of the problem he faces in
ng whether or not to run again.
Mr. Eisenhower himself put it, "I think
probably trust my own feelings more
: will the doctors' report."
DISCUSSION of that report must assume
non-political character, i.e. that Dr.
was speaking only. as a physician, not
Republican who knew the President's
in. Otherwise the conference is clearly
empt to prepare the public for announce-
that the President will seek re-election,
ing him of a major talking-point against
Republican politicians and editors who
it is his "duty" to run.
.s apparent that Dr. White and Mr.
ower have discussed the 1956 campaign.
eart'specialist, when asked if there were
hysical bar to the President's re-election,
1 "The strain of the campaign is some-
that he will speak of when and if he
ny decision to make. Hetwill tell of that
s does not mean that when the President
the doctor's views on a campaign he
itted himself to~ undergoing one this
at least one for his own candidacy. It
uggest that Dr. White may know signifi-
more than he is telling.
IF HE DOES NOT know Mr. Eisenhower's
entions, or if the doctor's report was not
n to conform to them, then the transcript
s revealing even to a layman. It was not
e-sided partial accounts may have indi-
example, Dr. White said the report was
on "what we have seen of the job and
ay he has carried on during the last five
. . . We thought he should be able to
on as active a life as he is leading now on
il job. (Emphasis ours@.
culation quite natuarally arose as to
er' the President has been "bearing the
ad" during the recent weeks studies.
idential news secretary Hagerty replied
can refer you to is the schedule for the
ve weeks, and if they are not full work-.
hedules of the President, I don't know
is, with the exception of dinners and
Referal to the President's schedule, as
summarized in The New York Times, reveals
that on the day of the news conference he
"Met with the Cabinet, visited 'people's capital-
ism' exhibit. White House announced he would
"go to Thomasville, Ga., Wednesday" for a
For the time being Mr. Eisenhower may well
be able to fulfill the requirements of office with
a schedule no more rigorous.
"Peace and prosperity," in addition to mak-
ing an effective campaign slogan, have made
the burden of the President during the past
few months far lighter than it has been many
times in the past few decades.
Bothr the farm problem and the means of
answering Soviet friendship gestures, Eisen-
hower's major concerns today, are not so urgent
that he has been forced to do more than put his'
final approval on a policy largely formulated
T1HE SITUATION contrasts sharply with some
of the trying days of Franklin Roosevelt's
administration: "The First Hundred Days," a
time of urgent economic crisis and a flood of
governmental response; the immediate pre-war
period, when issues of neutrality and co-opera-
tion with the Allies were more pressing with
every move the Axis made, and American policy
had to be continually redefined; the war itself,
with many problems of mobilization and mili-
tary strategy of such far-reaching implications
that their consideration could not be delegated;
the final year, with an election campaign, plans
for the ultimate, costly victory.and for peace in
the face of an avaricious ally.
After 12 years in office Franklin Roosevelt
was dead, an old man at 63.
Dwight Eisenhower ip now 65. At the end of
a second term he would be 70.
Dr. White is one to minimize the importance
of "stress and strain" on a heart patient. "Some
of us," said Dr. White, "and I personally, do
not think that stress and 'strain is the cause
of the disease, but it can be, of course, an
Not all doctors agree with his interpre-
tation, however. A questionnaire sent out
by a team of heart researchers found that most
doctors attributed coronary troubles to tensions.
Despite the disagreement among the heart
specialists, the strains of the Presidency are
likely to bear hard on any man.
The President himself recently commented,
"At times unquestionably I feel more tired than
I think I would have in the past, but that may
be also just advancing years."
While it may be perfectly true that the
President can "be active in much the same
way" he has been during the last few weeks, the
demands of the Presidency and the health of
a 65-year-old man who has had a heart attack
are unpredictable. These and many more con-
siderations other than.the report of his doctors
will weigh on Dwight Eisenhower's mind as he
ponders his decision.
(EDITOR'S NOTE: In the final
week of last semester, The Daily
printed a six part series on some of
the failures and successes of American
prisons. It was written by Earl Gib-
son, editor of the State Prison of
Southern Michigan 'Spectator', who is
presently an inmate at the Jackson
institution. In response to numerous
requests for biographical information
of the author, The Daily has asked
Mr. Gibson to write his personal
By EARL GIBSON
IF ONE were consciously to build
a city district to encourage vice,
One would pattern it after my dis-
trict in the city of Pittsburgh,
Pennsylvania. In 1911, the year
I was born in this district, it was
as low and as lousy as any in the
country; a heterogeneous cesspool
of depravity and political corrup-
Nor have its environs responded,
I'm told, over the last two score
years to efforts of moral regenera-
tion; it still caters to every lech-
ery and lust that man or woman
* * *
THOUGH I had never known
my father to take a drink or to
be unemployed, he did have a
mania for gambling, the conse-
"two and two always came out five."
quence of which was that my
mother had to make every dollar
do the work of two. I was four-
teen when she, her tolerance at
long last exhausted, broomed him
out .the back door the last time he
came home on a payday nearly
broke. He never came back.
Mother went out and got her-
self a job. She had four kids to
support; and she, reared in an
orphanage, had no relatives to
whom she could turn now and
then for a buck or two. The full
"Let's See--What'll I Wear Today?"
responsibility was hers to'carry
I, being the oldest, quit school
and pitched in the few dollars a
week an errand boy's job earned
me. We managed, and the years
, , *
THE END OF the Jazz Age, the
Grand Experiment and the Torrid
Twenties, and the Gibson brood,
still under the watchful eye of a
God-fearing, hard-working moth-
er, seemed unaware of or at least
uninfluenced by the adverse en-
vironment of the district.
Each member of the family was
managing to grow up without get-
ting his or her name on a police
blotter, or otherwise to stub a toe.
I only wish I could blame my
father or environment for what
came afterwards, because I would
like to find someone or something
besides me to blame for my
troubles. Even though I was bor
and raised in the tenderloin, even
though I scratched, slugged and
kicked my way around in it, I
don't think I became incapable of
seeing beyond it. No, I don't think
the district's atmosphere had too
great an affect on my moral
It was1934 when I began to
feel the weight of the Depression
years. I lost my job. For weeks
on end I sore-footed the streets in
vain searching for another, as
were eleven million other jobless,
including those of the professions,
the skilled trades, the experienced
laborers of the rank and file,
clerks, salesmen, flunkies, the as-
tute and the dummies; all were
seeking a source of income.
I was of the dummies, having
for employment recommendation
only five grades of school and my
willingness to perform an honest
job of work.
(It was then that I acquired the
life-long habit of claiming ten
grades of school, thus avoiding the
embarrassment I felt when eyelids
would leap with my oral or written
admission of having just five
grades under my educational belt).
I tried hard to believe as al-
ways that good and bad breaks
had a habit of balancing up. But
the belief waned with my hopes
when I realized finally that there
was no work for me.
MOTHER WAS still working,
but earning starvation wages and
the pressure of feeding, clothing
and housing five was terrific. So
I eased her load somewhat by
leaving home and joining the mi-
grating army of the unemployed.
I drifted with It, going from
one . end of the country to the
other. Hunger often twisted its
memory into my stomach, but I
never stole to appease it; and
there never was a time when I
preferred skullduggery to work.
Fpr three purposeless years I
drifted. I worked the Kansas
wheat harvest, the California fruit
belts, in an Arkansas'logging mill,
another in Virginia, gandy-danced
in Utah, fought forest fires in the
great northwest, migrating always.
But sick to death of the high-
ways, boxcars, and handouts, in
Denver in 1937 I joined the U.S.
In 1939 I married a Denver girl,
and in 1940 I was honorably dis-
chargedfrom the army.
In 1942, in Denver, I rolled a
sleeping drunk. Why? It's said
that a thief can always find a way
to rationalize his immoral con-
duct. And I suppose the classifi-
cation fits me too because I could
have come up with a conscience-
soothing tale, but I didn't then
and I won't now. I accepted full
as we say) and went off quietly
to the Colorado State Prison at
* * *
WHILE THERE I got a "Dear
John" from my wife, which pre-
ceded the divorce papers by a
week. Paroled after having served
Earl Gibson sent along this
letter with this final article of
"I am handcuffed for words
that would adequately express
my thanks to the readers of
The Daily who hadrsuch nice
things to say about my series
of articles. If I were to spread
my feelings out or fluff 'em up,
they would still boil down to
the old reliable and nearly al-
ways inadequate: "Thank you."
So, to such nice people, I say
eleven months, six weeks after
hitting the bricks I was back in
the same prison, where this time
AT TH3 MICHIGAN:
MOST children, and not a neg-
ligible number of grown-ups,
are suckers for the horse and/or
dog story. Walter Farley has prob-
ably made a small fortune with
his "Black Stallion" series and Al-
bert Payson Terhune is still go-
ing strong among the younger
And with the advent of TV, Rin'
Tin Tin, Lassie, Trigger et al are
back in the chips.
THE LATEST ."boy-and-his-
horse" epic to hit the motion pic-
ture business is "The Littlest Out-
law," made by Hollywood's ack-
nowledged king of the animal
world, Walt Disney.
Disney has the unique talent of
making his pictures, while frank-
ly sentinental, equally palatable
to both children and adults. "The
Littlest Outlaw" is no exception.
Young Pepito is a stableboy on
the estate of a general of the
Mexican army. The general owns
a beautiful jumper, Conquistador,
who refuses to take the wall jump
because Pepito's stepfather has
tried to force him over it with
spikes. The general's daughter is
thrown while trying to force Con-
quistador over the jump. In a fit
of rage, the general orders the
horse destroyed. Pepito, knowing
the horse to be innocent, steals
him and runs away. The rest of
the picture is an account of the
pair's adventures, cglminating in
a magnificent bull fight scene
where Conquistador proves his
Without the aid of Cinemascope,
Stereophonic sound or any other
tricky technique, Disney h a s
caught- the blazing grandeur of
the Mexican countryside and the
color of its, people. Particularly
noteworthy are scenes of a festi-
val in San Miguel, the blessing of
the animals and the climactic
* * *
MOST OF THE acting could
probably be better, but two of the
people Pepito meets could well be
filed under "Unforgettable Char-
acters." One is a soft-hearted
bandit that treats Conquistador's
slashed leg; the other is San Mig-
uel's kindly padre who holds a
lengthy and amusing debate with
himself on the theological impli-
cations of hiding a stolen horse
in his church.
"The Littlest Outlaw"is def-
itely not a movie for the cynical
nd sophisticated. But those who
like an occasional trip back to a
world where the bond between boy
and animal is ; supreme will en-
joy it very much indeed.
INTERPtETING THE NEWS:
Economics Replacing Force
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Says Letter Writer "Indo
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
MILITARY EXPERTS set considerable store
by maneuvers, especially where an effort
is being made to coordinate different forces,
such as now is being made in Southeast Asia.
There is a question, however, whether the
military benefits of the current operation will
be sufficient to offset its probable, political
Asiatics will be quick to notice that, although
Thailand is the chief operations center, only
two small Asiatic nations are participating, that
these have been armed by the United States,
and that while Britain, Australia and New Zea-
land are active, the great proportion of strength
involved is American.
France did not accept her invitation to join
in, and Washington sought to explain the
absence of Pakistan, the other member of the
Southeast Asia Pact, by saying she received her
invitation too late. The explanation came amid
Dave Baad!......................... Managing Editor
Jim Dygert ... ...........City Editor
Murry Frymer ................. .... Editorial Director
Debra Durchslag ..................4.. Magazine Editor
David Kaplan ......................... Feature Editor
Jane Howard ......................... Associate Editor
Louise Tyor .......................... Associate Editor
Phil Douglis ........................ Sports Editor
Alan Eisenberg ............... Associate Sports Editor
Jack Horwitz ..... ..... Associate Sports Editor
Mary Hellthaler ................... Women's Editor
Elaine Edmonds ........... Associate Women's 'Editor
John Hirtzel ...........Chief Photographer
Dick Alstrom.................. . ... Business Manager
reports that Pakistan is wavering in her
allegiance to the world anti-Commu ist front.
United States naval forces have been active
in the South China Sea along the lanes from
Japan and Okinawa, in the Gulf of Siam along
with British Commonwealth forces and on
land in Thailand with Filipino infantry. All
air forces are joined.
The United States also has chosen this time
for a big Marine practice attack on Iwo Jima,
the island south of Japan for which the Marine
Corps paid 6,000 lives in World War II.
ALL THIS military activity makes the rest of
Asia itchy. In India, particularly, there isI
a dislike of military emphasis in the cold war.
Burma and India feel strongly against the
Southeast Asia Pact, accepting the Communist
line that military pacts lead to war.
Red China, of course, is taking advantage of
the opportunity to spread this propaganda.
In the meantime, observers are pretty well
agreed that propaganda and economics now
provide the battlefield between communism and
the West in Asia, although the possibility ofj
further military adventures by Red China are
not entirely discounted.
Thailand, South Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos
are glad of SEATO.
The rest of Asia, however, is inclined to look
at Western military forces as part of the
survival of, colonialism, and as provocative to
the Communist bloc.
Coinciding with a sluggish congressional re-
action to the administration's proposals for in-
creased and long-term economic aid programs,
this is no time for leaving any impression that
the West's chief reliance is force.
New Books at the Library
Dobie, J. Frank-Tales of Old-Time Texas;
Be More Specific...
To the Editor:
RECENTLY you published a let-
ter by Richard A. Moeller,
senior in the journalism depart.-
ment who sees "Red" keenly"
enough to make a career of it.
The material success of such men
men as David Lawrence, George
Sokolsky, Fulton Lewis, Jr., (ham)
Herbert Philbrick, and many
others in recent years testifies
as to the opportunities and re-
wards open to diligence in the
Nor is it necessary to be unduly
concerned about facts since ob-
jectivity of calm rationality be-
comes a questionable, if net indeed
a suspect virtue in an hysterical
atmosphere of fear such as the
United States has been experienc-
ing. How one can be a true con-
servative and at the same time
employ methods of innuendo and
intimidation (forms of violence) is
a question that has not yet been
answered to my satisfaction.
Even t' ---~h Mr. ..oeller's letter
was noteworthy for its lack of
specific documentation, I do not
mean to accuse him of insincerity
or of unworthy personal ambition.
He did say, "Within the limits of
my college experience I can testify
to the fact that speakers' lists are
loaded to the Left in most un-
varying consistency." Possibly a
more meaningful qualification
would have been, "From tl ? view-
A Misinterpretation ...
To the Editor:
A PIECE of reporting in the
Wednesday, February 15 issue
blotted what I think is a fine
collegiate newspaper. And until
the mistake is rectified in some
manner, the blot "All obscure any
future attempt to report ideas
which may be developed by people
over .the country and, more par-
ticularly, by the professors of this
No doubt, a quote has been lifted
from Professors Kauper's lecture
yesterday, and a deduction made
made as to the central theme of
the speech. The quote is, "No one
can doubt that the moral force of
the court's decision in the school
segregation cases was enhanced
by the unanimity of the decision
and by the relative simplicity and
straight forwardness of the Chief
Justice's opinion. The 'eduction
is from this statement that there
is a need for ur *? d consistency.
Nothing' exists in this quote to
indicate the need nor, in fact, was
said during the entire lecture about
a need for these qualities.
A need for unity could be de-
duced by the observer cf a unani-
mous decision only if the observer
feels that the point decided by the
court is morally worthwhile, and
if he has a high regard for the
weight of conformity in accom-
plishing such worthwhilk ends.
Obviously such a deduction oc-
cured by the process described. And
it is applied not only to the quote.
pared this freedom to the trends
in the other preferred freedoms.
The professor described free
speech as being pragmatically in-
terpreted until the new justices
appeared in the '30's who placed
an absolute value thereon. With
the death of a portion of this
court'& justices in the late '40's,
the trend is back to a more prag-
I protest, strongly, the rather
shameful distortion of Professor
Kauper's lecture to the shade of
the reporter's morals. The pro-
fessor said nothing about a need
for unity and consistency in the
I trust that you will make every
reasonable effort to inform your
reporters of the value of recogniz-
ing the importance of your posi-
tion, a public trust devoted to ac-
curate communi--Tn of facts and
-Richard Lafuze, '58 L
To the Editor:
I DO NOT know Mr. Marks, so
my general antipathy to him is
not to be taken personally. I was
delighted to see Assistant Dean
Taggart gently chide Mr. Marks
for usual sleazy job of bringing
the news to the students. Dean
Taggart's tone is one of resigna-
tion at being annoyed-°by people
like Mr. Marks who don't bother
to find out whether what they say
is accurate or not.
- My other complaint of Mr.
THE Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which'*the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication. Notices
for the Sunday edition must be in
by 2 p.m. Friday.
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1956
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 4
Late Permission: Because of the Myra
Hess Concert on wed., Feb.' 15, all
women students wil have 11:15 late
Late Permission: Because of the
hockey game on Wed.,. Feb. 15, all
womenstudents will -have 10:45 late
General Undergraduate Scholarship
application forms may be obtained at
the Scholarship Office, 113 Administra-
tion Buillding Basement. Applicants
may be enrolled in any of the under-
graduate units of the University and
should have an academic average of
"B" or better and financial need. Ap-
plications must be completed by March
Men Singers: The University Choirs
have openings for tenors, baritones and
basses. Rehearsals MTTF at 3:00 p.m.,
Aud. D, Mason Hall, and Wed., 7:00
p.m., Aud. A, Mason Hall. See the
conductor after the rehearsal. 1 hoUr
credit given if elected.
Student Government Council: Sum-
mary of action taken at meeting of
Feb. 15, 1956:
Approved: Minutes of meeting of
Feb. 17-Inter House Council-Assem-
bly, Polgar show, Hill Auditorium; .Feb.
17-Apothecary Bal, League, 9-12; Feb.
24, Inter Arts Union, Pete Seeger, folk
music program, Slauson Auditorium;
Mar. 10, Foresters' Club, Paul Bunyan
dance, 8-12, Union; Mar. 20, Sociedad
Hispanica, movie, Architecture Audi-
torium; Feb. 24, Mar. 16, April 13, May
25, International Center, Regional en-
tertainment evenings, European, Afri-
can, S. American, N. American; Feb.
29, Mar. 1, "Family of Man" film to be
presented by SGC ,Lane Hall, Com-
munity Adult Education.
Senior class officers to be elected