THE MICHIGAN DAILY SUNDAY, MRaH is151
'EN. DOUGLAS MacARTHUR again suc-
ceeded in surprising everyone yesterday,
it this time the surprise was pleasant.
The General called for talks with the
Chinese military leaders, leading to a
ruce. Under the circumstances, this is
ust plain common sense.
Right now in Korea, there exists a bloody
alemate which is benefiting nobody but
>e Stalin. For some weeks now, the Allied
rces have been slogging forward with
)peration Killer," which is about as good
description as can be given of the present
But there seems to be no end to this
oody little war that nobody wants. The
mies sweep back and forth over ruined
orea, and nobody has any real prospects
'itorials published in The Michigan Daily
e written by members of The Daily staff
ud represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: RICH THOMAS
It has been pretty well demonstrated now
that the Chinese can't drive us out of Korea.
But then there is little hope that the UN
forces could push the Communists back up
to Manchuria, should they so desire. So
from now on, the only prospect is for thou-
sands of lives to be sacrificed to maintain a
The real losers in this local eruption of
the global diplomatic struggle, as is the case,
in any war, are the people. It is estimated
that half of the 20 million South Koreans
are now homeless. Death stalks the land
as starvation and exposure reap their grim
toll. Reports from Korea indicate that the
U.S. relief program has been almost wholly
sidetracked by the operation of the war.
So let us hope that, now that Gen. Mac-
Arthur is able to see the advantages of a
peaceful settlement, the Chinese will also
accept a reasonable compromise and back
down on their present unreasonable peace
It will soon be time to plant the crops
that will avert an intensified famine next
fall and winter. Crops cannot be sown while
vast armies are bivouaced in the fields.
Committee for Costello
COMMITTEE To Save Frank Costello
should be formed.
The grouchy gambler is really being
persecuted but so far not a single liberal
has raised his voice in protest. The Uni-
versity, last strongholdof freedom in a
fascist world, is the logical place for
Free-Franking. An ad ho (Latin for
"spontaneous combustion") committee
must pop up.
The Kefa er Krime Kommittee daily ex-
posed Frank (all but his face) to millions
of televiewers. It exposed his so-called rack-
ets to so many public eyes that it will be
impossible for the obese operator to get a
fair trial even in the smallest American
Frank's guilt has been assumed from the
very start of the hearings. He has been
called a racketeer by even the cautious As-
sociated Press. When and if Costello is
brought to trial (and that is surely the goal
of the hearings) his guilt will be an accepted
Costello will be tried in a mob atmosphere,
a huge TV mob much bigger than any which
ever plagued a courtroom. He could also
plead he's been denied equal protection of
the law because he has received more pro-
tection than he wants. The protection of
course has been from himself; the govern-
ment doesn't want him to gamble, though
it can't say just why.
So we'd better start saving him right now.
Besides, the laws Frank is supposed to
have broken are bad laws in the first place.
WHAT WITH three film groups (exclusive
of the SL Cinema Guild) taking rather
firm root this year, an unprecedented interest
ht film art seems to have engulfed the cam-
pus. Each of these groups, the Triton, Gothic,
and Hillel Film Societies have concrned
themselves mainly with bringing the best of
older films to Ann Arbor, and judging from
the response, this is apparently a good idea.
Since early in the fall, the oldest and
largest of these groups, Gothic Film has
been ceneentrating on choice examples of
vintage American comedy. By the way of a
change, the club is set to expose itself
tomorrow night to four straight hours of
Sex and Swashbuckling. Theda Bara, the
original vamp and lineal ancestor of Lana
Turner, will appear in "A Fool There Was,"
the film which made her famous. Doug
Fairbanks, who made his living for twenty
years by looking sinful and swinging on
ropes, will be seen in the $2,000,000 spec-
tacle, "The Thief of Bagdad."
Meanwhile, Dick Kraus, the intrepid man-
ager of the SL Cinema Guild, has tentatively
secured some excellent film for campus
Spring consumption. First off is "Movie
Crazy," a Harold Lloyd silent, to be shown
next weekend in Hill Auditorium. "The
Rocking-Horse Winner" a recent British
film based on a wierd short story by D. H.
Lawrence will follow around the middle of
, April. Concerning a small boy who rocks
himself to death in an atmosphere of fan-
tastic horror, the picture has been hailed in
England as one of the best.
Marlene Dietrich, when her legs were
young, made a film in Germany titled "The
Blue Angel." Kracauer calls this a "new in-
carnation of sex." At any rate, it is the story
of a stodgy little professor who heads for the
primrose path on the instance of Miss
Dietrich. Which was perhaps understandable.
The film will appear just before finals.
EDUCATORS and public officials were
shocked when the Georgia Legislature
made provisions for closing the public schools
He is a gambler. So what? It's his money,
isn't it? Why not let him us@ it as he
pleases? He isn't hurting anyone.
He is a bookmaker. Well no one has to
place bets with him. He's providing service
to satisfied customers. Everyone in the deal
is satisfied. It's nobody else's business.
He is said to have bribed cops and other
officials. He only paid them not to do things
they shouldn't do in the first place, like
Costello is simply using the only effective
weapon he has-money-to fight a Purity-
ranical government. '
But liberals aren't the only ones who
could feel at home on the Save Frank
Committee. Free enterprisers too can see
their principles are in danger. The doctrine
of laissez faire took a terrific beating in
the Kefauver hearings.
The Student Legislature can justify its
existence and maybe drum up some interest
in the SL elections by authorizing (but not
endorsing, of course) the Committee To Save
1YASHINGTON-The television cables do
not reach to Key West yet, so President
Truman, Democratic National Chairman
Boyle and the Truman staff were denied
the terrific visual impact of the Kefauver
crime hearings in New York. This is prob-
ably lucky for the Hon. William O'Dwyer,
ambassador to Mexico.
O'Dwyer says he will not resign despite
the testimony about political gift-giving,
smelly appointments and Costello calls.
This puts it squarely up to the President
who appointed him to Mexico City as part
of what New York politicos insisted was a
sure-fire scheme for capturing city hall
and Albany. The scheme didn't work, in-
The President will be under no special
pressure from the State Department to re-
place O'Dwyer. Naturally, state is not hap-
py over the portrait of a U.S. diplomat
etched in acid by the Kefauver committee.
But so much mayhem has so long been in-
flicted upon the foreign service by politicians
with socially ambitious wives or a yen to
relax in foreign climes-and by businessmen
ditto-the career men can't work up much
indignation over having O'Dwyer in their
.* * * *
FORTUNATELY the United States and
Mexico are enjoying a period of tran-
quility and close relations. No very serious
problems are on tap. The Mexican govern-
ment is not under fire here for anti-demo-
If O'Dwyer were, for example, U.S. am-
bassador to Argentina at this time or to
Franco Spain, it is easy to perceive the
immediate embarrassments. These are gov-
ernments of which the United States is ex-
tremely critical because they do not, in our
view, give their citizens the democratic rights
Americans have been abusing. This country
is also continuously involved in delicate ne-
gotiations with them.
O'Dwyer happily has at his back in
Mexico City one of the ablest of the old
foreign-service hands, Paul Culbertson, an
alumnus of Madrid and other difficult
capitals. Culbertson is counselor of the
embassy and acts as its executive head
when the ambassador has appointments
with Senator Kefauver, the grand jury,
and so on.
The fact is that the President seems to be
rapidly approaching the point where, if he
decides to do any firing, it will have to
be in wholesale lots. Key West reports were
that he gave no sign of any such intentions.
. He is having a long week end here to
review developments during his holiday and
make up his mind. There will be little work
done from Good Friday through Easter, and
Congress has obliged also by keeping out of
his way next week. The President does have
some important diplomatic chores including
the visit of President Auriol of France. M.
Auriol, of course, can be relied upon not to
mention the frequent U.S. criticism of weak
and corrupt French governments.
There has been some discussion in the
capital about whether the current crop of
investigations are not hurting us more
abroad and in"disunity at home than they
are helping. Some serious, honest observers
question whether television does not turn
them into too much of a Roman holiday.
But the weight of opinion still is that they
must go on until no suspicion of suppression
or whitewash can remain.
(Copyright, 1951, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
Left of Center ...
To the Editor:
"This Nation wants to know exactly how many nest eggs YOU'VE
got salted away ... "
* * * *
LA PRENSA-A week ago, the Argentine newspaper La Prensa,
Dictator Peron's greatest public opposition, finally slid under Peron's
control. It had not been an easy conquest, but it appeared an effec-
tive one. The Peron-dominated congress passed a resolution appoint-
ing a committee to investigate the newspaper, in the meanwhile
stifling it under a nine-man board of control. La Prensa's editor and
publisher, Alberto Gainza Paz, protested that the seizure was uncon-
stitutional: he was immediately ordered jailed for 15 days for con-
tempt of congress.
*' * * * ,
Around the World .. .
KOREA-The limited Allied offensive that began at the end of
January paid off this week with major dividends. Edging carefully
forward and repulsing stubborn Red counterattacks, the UN troops
had suddenly found the Chinese lines melting before them. Hoeng-
chon, Seoul and Chunchon fell in rapid succession and the Allies
moved ever closer to the magic 38th parallel. Chinese troops, though
vastly outnumbering the UN forces, had failed to stand up under
our superior fire power. Rather than face useless losses they were
retreating without giving a major battle.
Friday, General Ridgeway's paratroops made a dramatic attack
behind Red lines north of Seoul. That was the clincher. The Chinese
pulled out, to leave South Korea completely in the hands of the UN
army. Mao Tse-Tung's threat to drive the Allies into the ocean had
been flung back in his face.
Now, the big question is whether the UN army will again cross
the 38th parallel. Diplomatically, Britain has urged that they stop.
MacArthur has UN authority to go as far as he wishes, but he will
probably not extend his supply lines too far. The next few weeks will
likely find the Allies crossing the 38th only so far as it is necessary
to establish military security.
PARIS TALKS-It was the West against Gromyko again this
week in Paris, where representatives from the Big Four nations have
been meeting to settle a slate of issues for a future ministers con-
ference. The debate resolved itself into a tangled and generally futile
bantering over word meanings, and the deadlock still shows little sign
of breaking. The Russians want to talk about the "demilitarization"
and "remilitarization" of Germany, and nothing else, while the West-
ern powers are in favor of extending the discussion to other critical
DAILY EDITORIAL writer Ron '
Watts has missed the boat in
classifying all those who have
flocked to the -defense of Willie
McGee as "slightly left of center."
(Daily, Thursday, March 15)
It seems inconceivable to me
that Watts, who was a member of
The Daily during last year's con-
troversy over the showing of the
film, "Birth of a Nation," should
not yet have learned to differenti-
ate between those who sincerely
desire to protect the rights of
minority groups and those who
have a different axe to grind.
Frankly, Mr. Watts, the classi-
fication "slightly left of center"
includes the present national ad-
ministration, the Governor of the
state of Michigan, most of your
co-workers on The Daily, and if
you'll pardon the expression-me.
And even more frankly, I resent
being classified with some of the
fanatics who have filled The
Daily's letter columns with thinly-
disguised attacks on the UN effort
in Korea in the form of appeals
for Willie McGee.
After many heated discussions
with some of these prolific letter
writers during the "Birth of a
Nation" squabble last year, I be-
came convinced that their primary
purpose was not to save unfortun-
ates like Willie McGee or to help
Negroes attain their full civil
rights, but to discredit the United
States at home and abroad.
"Things like this would never
happen in Russia," one of them
said to me quite earnestly.
This year's batch of letters from
the same group of fanatics merely
strengthens my convictions. Mak-
ing Willie McGee part of the Kor-
ean issue actually follows the lat-
est twist in the American Com-
munist party line : "If we don't
have democracyin Mississippi,
why should we fight for it in
So please, Mr. Watts, use a lit-
tle more discretion in your politi-
cal designations. We "slightly-to-
the-left-of-center's" think that
Willie McGee should be reprieved
if there is any doubt of his guilt
and that every effort should be
made to strengthen our democracy
by eliminating its flaws.
But. we also think that UN
forces in Korea have shot a hole
in the plans of a handful of pow-
er-hungry men to achieve domina-
tion of the world and that some
of the witting and unwitting tools
of the Kremlin on the University
of Michigan campus are going to
have to produce something better
than the hogwash they have been
turning out to convince us that
The Week's News
. . . IN RETROSPECT . .
Xette'J TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
easy to see that Mr. Challis is
objecting to being called back to
active duty before finishing his
education, while thousands of
other physically fit men, who have
not as yet rendered a duty to their
country, are being permitted the
privilege of a college education.
Mr. Trim's letter will also be
misinterpreted by many readers.
I don't know this man either, but
I would guess that he also is a
veteran that is objecting to eing
called back into service before
finishing his education.
Thus, we have two cases where
letter writers failed to put their
congruent point across. I wish to
make a third attempt on this
point and make it clear that many
veterans now going to this univer-
sity are being called out of school
to active duty while "brainy" non-
veterans will be permitted to fin-
ish their education. This is clear-
ly unfair; I protest; and request
that the situation be corrected.
-Nistor Potcova Jr.
* * *
To the Editor:
WE STUDENTS seem to be for-
getting something mighty im-
portant in the case of Willie Mc-
Gee. Some of us forget (others
cannot forget) that this is a Jim
Crow country, where Jim Crow
is the law of the land. But the
case of Willie McGee cannot be
considered apart from the insti-
tutions of discrimination, segrega-
tion, and outright persecution that
are the practice of federal, state,
and local governments in the Uni-
The State of Mississippi's of-
ficial policy, inscribed in its own
statute-books, is one of repression
and hostility against the Negro
people. Jim Crow in Mississippi
is not just something "in the
mind;" it is official State policy,
backed up by the police, the courts;
and the law. The MeGee case
did not happen in a vacuum.
We must also bear in mind that
the McGee case is not an isolated,
exceptional instance of a Negro's
suffering injustice in the courts.
There have been and are cases
where courts have tried to "get"
Negroes, and many more cases
where the Negro has been denied
the full protection of the law. It
adds up to a pattern of Jim Crow
justice that can only be broken
by the protest of an aroused pub-
A small group of white law-
yers (they need not concern them-
selves) decry all this as "agita-
tion;" but no American is afraid
to speak out for democracy. To-
gether, we can whip Jim Crow in
the U.S.A., and in our lifetime.
-David R. Luce, Grad.
CURRENTLY ON VIEW at the Museum of
Art is the exhibit of the Museum's ac-
cessions to its collections for 1950. The
Museum's policy in making these purchases
is to limit itself for the most part to contem-
porary art, and in this field primarily to
examples of the graphic arts and sculpture.
This Is, of course, not the result of
any antagonism towards the old masters,
but rather the result of the realization
that since quality works of the old mas-
ters demand a price which only the IArger
museums and private collectors can meet,
the small museum with limited funds can
purchase a greater number of works and
works of higher quality by remaining
within the contemporary field.
Modern sculpture is represented in the
exhibit by an abstract iron and steel sculp-
ture by David Smith and by two stone fig-
ures by John Flannagan. "Crouching Figure"
and "Horse." "Crouching Figure" is far
more effective from both an abstract and
an expressive point of view. '
Though the number of paintings purchas-
ed is small, Ben Shahn's "Boy" deserves
mention as a good example of this painter's
feeling for the isolation, the loneliness of
# # *
National , 0 0
THE GREATER PART of the collection
consists of examples of the graphic arts
and shows a wide variety of media and style.
Two Rouaults have been added, a colored
aquatint, "Christ on the Cross with Disci-
ples," and a black and white aquatint from
the series, "Miserere et Guerre," published
Rather surprising is the lithograph by
Wilhelm Lehmbruck. In this work, the head
of the artist's small son, he departs radical-
ly from the elongated proportions of his
better known sculpture. Also worth mention
is a little black and white Klee lithograph,
"The Witch with the Comb," showing Klee's
usual excellence in dealing with subjects of
* * * *
O ITS CELEBRATED Beckmann paint-
ing, "Begin the Beguine," the Museum
has added an example of the artist's work
in the graphic arts, a pen and ink sketch
entitled, "Self Portrait with Fishing Pole."
Unfortunately, this example is rather dis-
appointing in the light of Beckmann's
Out of the contemporary field and by now
really an old master is Renoir, represented
by a large black and white lithograph, "Le
Chapeau Epingl." From the same period
comes the impressionistic Pierre Bonnard
lithograph from his series on Parisian life,
entitled "Le Pont."
In a group by themselves are several
Chinese ceramic vessels and figurines from
THE STUDENT Arts Festival present
the Inter-Arts Union continued
night with a program by the Modern D
Club and the Ballet Club and an oper
Edward Chudacoff, with libretto by D
The productions of the Modern Dance
Ballet groups were well planned in a
grammatic sense. The Modern DanceI
presented selections from A. A. Milne
"Dirge" by Benjamin Britton while
Ballet Club danced to Dohnanyi's "Iphig
The choreography in the second sele
of Milne was particularly outstanding.I
ever, "Dirge," a more serious dance, h,
dramatic beginning but lacked the nece
direction and concentration to produ
The ballerina portrayed the ancient
end of Agamemnon very well. The
of the sacred stag was artistically perfoi
Her technique (especially in the fortes
grace were particularly evident in this
and in the following scenes.
Edward Chudacoff's opera, "Circus,"
pleted this very interesting program.
LABOR-Last Wednesday, Economic Stabilizer Eric Johnston
climbed on an airplane and flew to Key West, Florida, to talk to
President Truman. Johnston was worried, and for good reason. About
the middle of February, the now-extinct Wage Stabilization Board had
voted to limit future wage increases to ten per cent, and the decision
had not only dissolved the Board itself, but had sent the whole labor-
mobilization situation into what appeared an inextricable snarl. Since
then, things have gone from bad to worse, and last week Johnston
found himself being battered around Washington by a mounting
storm of labor criticism.
Clearly, something had to be done. So Johnston tuyned up in Key
West, primed to get the word from Harry. It took Truman 35 minutes
to tell Johnston to redouble his efforts to find a solution. Presumably,
that is what he is doing now.
CRIME QUIZ KIDS-The Senate Crime Committee closed shop
in Foley Square Thursday, moving on to Washington after a second
week of sensational TV programs. Major New York finding was a
link between New York racketeers and Tammany Hall politicians.
William O'Dwyer, former mayor of New York and present ambassador
to Mexico, flew in to take the stand. Self-righteous Senator Tobey
accused him of sullying himself with crooked companions. O'Dwyer
promptly chastened Tobey by suggesting that he was no political
angel either. Back in Washington, however, Tobey recommended that
the Senate Foreign Relations Committee review O'Dwyer's fitness to
serve as an ambassador. Other developments during the week: crime
leader Frank Costello admitted graft and perjured himself, while
political appointee Jim Moran resigned his life-time job as City Water
Commissioner. Next week's show? What's left of Murder Incor-
DRAFT-Army manpower needs seemed to be thinning out some-
what last week, as defense officials announced that the April draft
call would be cut in half. Reasons given for the cut included an un-
expected number of volunteers and a lowered casualty rate in Korea.
* * * *
To the Editor:
I WISH to correct Mr. Marvin E.
Trim's assumption that he
would be a g'reater asset to his
country if he were allowed to fin-
ish his senior year. He assumes
that the armed forces need offi-
cers and that college, graduates
are a good source of supply. I
know of many graduates from this
university, some of them veterans,
who are now in service and are
NOT commissioned officers. I
am sure all Daily Readers are fa-
miliar with Pvt. Peter Hotton, a
graduate of t'h is university.
(Please see back page)
Mr. Trim makes many unjust
comments in reference to Mr.
Stan Challis USAFR. I do not
know this man, but I believe that
his letter was misinterpreted by
many readers. I'll risk a guess
that he is a veteran that is being
called back to active duty. It is
-Leon M. Jaroff
Forest Hills, N.Y.
Sixty-First Year t
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Jim Brown,...........Managing Editor
Paul Brentlinger ...........City Editor
Roma Lipsky .........Editorial Director
Dave Thomas ...Feature Editor
Janet Watts ..........Associate Editor
Nancy Bylan...........Associate Editor
James Gregory .......Associate Editor
Bill Connolly............Sports Editor
Bob Sandell ....Associate Sports Editor
Bill Brenton ....Associate Sports Editor
Barbara Jans ..........Women's Editor
Pat Brownson Associate Women's Editor
Bob Daniels........Business Manager
Walter Shapero Assoc. Business Manager
Paul Schaible...Advertising Manager
Bob Mersereau.......Finance Manager
Bob Miller ........Circulation Manager
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ZONING-Fraternities and sororities have been floating around
A and AA zones of Ann Arbor in a somewhat unauthorized fashion for
years. There have been several attempts on the part of residents in
the past few years to establish the houses as multiple dwellings and so
exclude them from the zoned areas. The question came up for serious
discussion in the City Council again this fall, and things looked pretty
grey for the house groups. In January, an alternate suggestion was
made: that special A-1 zones be established around the bulk of the
fraternities, allowing them to remain as special groups. This week,
after heated debate, the Council voted the new zones into existence.
They also voted to include co-ops, but wouldn't admit league houses.
The measure now awaits Mayor Brown's expected okay.
(Continued from Page 2)
nowned Ballets de Lubienski, including
ballet, can-can, gypsy and Mexican
dances in costume.
Soceidad Hispanica: Social hour, Mon.,
4-6 p.m., International Center.
History Club: Meeting, Tues., March
27, 8 p.m., East Conference Room, Rack-
ham Bldg. Talks will be given on the
"History of the virgin Islands,"'"Rela-
tionship of Canadian to American His-
tory," and "~The American War of In-
dependence viewed from a British point
Say, do you think Tennessee
That's too bad isn't it? Because
IrNm! WII1 .I