THE 3iCHIGAN DAILY
SOMETHING DISTANTLY like isolation
may be seen in the statement by Sen-
ators Connally and Vandenberg that while
the United States should take an interest
in North Atlantic Security, it should not
be legally or morally obligated to go to war
if one of the signing nations is attacked.
That is to say, the United States is the
only nation to which the proposed North
Atlantic Treaty is relatively unimportant.
After all, we have a big pile of A-bombs
and can probably defend ourselves pretty
well against potential aggressors.
It is the other nations which would join
the pact who need the security of our big
guns and big bombs; we would be just about
as safe if we tied the agreement to a rock.
and threw it in the ocean.
This fact seems to impress some senators
It's clear, of course, that we cannot le-
gally obligate ourselves to go to war auto-
matically if one of the European countries
is attacked; the constitution reserves that
power for the Senate.
But we could obligate ourselves morally;
actually there is very little sense to go
to all this fuss just to say "We're very
sorry for you" if, say, Belgium is attacked.
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: CRAIG H. WILSON
If some desperate, bold plan could be con-
ceived to draw the nations of the planet
apart from its Eastern and Western poles,
to make something like a united world
again, it would obviously be the only sane
But inasmuch as that time seems to have
eluded us and things gone into the "de-
fense pact" stage of the cold war, the United
States should accept its full share of re-
sponsibility for the security of the nations
which cluster around the Western pole.
Lest the prowess of America be smugly
overemphasized, it should be pointed out
that the European lands would certainly
give us invaluable aid in time of war,
their power being only rather small com-
pared to ours. And the pact would be val-
uable in that it would tie the European
countries to each other, if not very closely
to the United States.
The executive department realizes the
importance of the United States in the
pact even if all the senators don't. President
Truman has said he'd like a pact strong
enough to scare any potential aggressor into
realizing that if they attack any one of the
North Atlantic lands, they are attacking
Secretary of State Acheson has uttered
Thus if we do not have a defense clause
in the North Atlantic Treaty which has any
teeth in it, the United States is not only
making the treaty useless but also turning
its back, in the same old isolationist way,
on the nations of Europe.
PERHAPS THE MAGIC of the late Pres-
ident Franklin D. Roosevelt's personal-
ity is wearing off, or people just don't care
about fighting polio anymore.
The March of Dimes campaign for 1949
in this county failed miserably in the
attempt to reach a goal of $22,000 to com-
bat polio. Throughout the county, only
$15,647 was collected. Of that, the $400
represented the contribution of The
Daily's J-Hop Extra.
Other contributions on campus were "neg-
ligible," according to campaign officials.
Empty cannisters in campus shops, and all
over Ann Arbor, attest to the fact.
Last year the campaign hit a new high of
$21,000. The year before that, 1947, the
Dimes campaign collected more than $18,-
The back-sliding of the past year is es-
pecially significant when it is considered
that inflation is making each dollar worth
a little less each year. The Dimes fund
is not only getting less money, but money
with less purchasing power.
Mrs. Joseph E. Stowe, chairman for the
city of Ann Arbor, will still accept contribu-
-Craig H. Wilson.
MATTER OF FACT:
Consistent Tra ls
(EDITOR'S NOE: The following column.
written by Prof. Preston Slosson, of the history
department, is one of a series of guest editorials
in which students and faculty members will
present their views on current issues, both
local and national.)
By PRESTON SLOSSON
IN THE MATTER of the Hungarian trials
it is important to note that they do not
stand alone but form a pattern; a pattern
which has also appeared in Poland, Czecho-
slovakia, Bulgaria, Romania and other coun-
tries under Communist domination, includ-
ing Soviet Russia and its periodical "purges."
They all have a family character, much
resembling the "trials" under Fascist and
Firstly, they always result in convic-
tions, at least, if the accused person is a
prominent one. No major enemy of any
totalitarian regime was ever acquitted yet
by a Fascist, Nazi or Communist court
(except,-in a few isolated instances, as a
preliminary to immediate rearrest on
other charges). That, of itself, would prove
that the so-called "trials" are not really
trials at all. Like Communist elections, the
result is always known in advance. I need
hardly add how frequently both trials
and elections have had surprise endings
in all liberal or democratic countries.
Secondly, they are conducted in such a
way that the accused cannot escape. Vague
charges (resembling the "incivism" of the
French Reign of Terror) such as "opposing
the people" are brought, charges which
could be used against any political oppoii-
ent. The arrested person is held for a time
incommunicado, and denied access to all
legal help or advice. The counsel is selected
by the court, not by the accused (in the
recent Hungarian case the counsel for the
defense practically admitted all charges
and merely made a plea for mercy). The
verdict is given either by a political bench
of judges or a jury of active party mem-
Thirdly, the chief object of the trial
seems to be not a conviction but a con-
fession. The confession is almost always
obtained, and with it (a most suspicious
circumstance) an expression of contri-
tion or regret on the part of the accused.
I do not know in what proportion tor-
ture, forgery, drugs, threats and promises
are used to secure this uniform result.
My guess would be that the last two were
the most important, for a forged confes-
sion, or one made in the torture chamber,
might be repudiated in open court, which
would be embarrassing to the govern-
But threats of kidnapping or death to a
dear member of the family, such as were
used to force Premier Nagy out of Hungary,
might induce anyone to make confession
and apology. As for promises, the prosecu-
tion often switches from the death penalty
to something milder, perhaps in return for
a confession. Nor do I know enough of the
action of drugs to judge how useful they
may be in making an accused person sug-
But this I do know: a political criminal,
is by definition, an enemy of the govern-
ment which prosecutes him, and often a very
conscientious enemy. Therefore, he will
either deny the charges against him to the
end, or openly defy the government and
glory in the truth of these charges (as did
Robert Emmett and many other victims of
treason trials). That he would, of his own
free will, suddenly reverse all his opinions
and abjectly or meekly express contritionis
contrary to all reason and all our knowl-
edge of human nature. It might happen
once or twice to very strange individuals.
In Communist courts it has happened hun-
dreds of times.
That is proof sufficient that most of
the alleged expressions of regret, from
the old Moscow trials that wiped out the
Russian Trotskyites down to present day
Hungary, must have been extorted some-
how; again, I say I do not know by what
combination of torture, drugs, threats or
Finally, it should be remembered that the
victims of present day Communism are not,
typically "reactionaries." Many of them, like
Mindszenty, suffered similar political im-
prisonment under Nazi rule. Many, like
Maniu of Romania, were leaders of left wing
peasant or socialist parties. Many (espe-
cially in Russia) were Communists who had
some factional quarrel with the momentarily
dominant group or who had failed to follow
some twist of the serpentine party line. In
other words, if Communism ruled America
today, no doubt I would be "liquidated" as a
"reactionary," and Mr. Bershad "purged" in
some party feud.
50 YEARS AGO TODAY:
The State Legislature Appropriations
Committee visited the campus, met with
University officials and commented favor-
ably on University appropriations requests.
25 YEARS AGO TODAY:
Work was progressing on the new nurses'
*" TM w.w++'aKTa+ -r M
[DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
By JOSEPH ALSOP
LONDON-From the vantage point of this
old, indomitable city, it is clear that
the world crisis is entering a new phase. In
Eur pe, the-cief scene of Soviet aggression
since the end of the war, an uneasy stale-
mate is being reached. But the attack is
meanwhile shifting to the vast colonial
areas which is the vulnerable flank of the
As the disastrous developments in China
and Indonesia suggest only too clearly,
the first center of this new attack is the
Far East. But China and Indonesia are
by no means the whole story. What is
going forward in the Far East is nothing
less than a Soviet land drive toward Aus-
tralia in many ways comparable to the
Japanese drive by sea.
China being lost, the decisive area in
this struggle will be to the southward. The
outlook, is nowhere good. In Indo-China,
the French have thus far failed miserably
to deal with the Communist regime of Ho
Chi Minh. Being unwilling either to make
convincing concessions to Indo-Chinese na-
At the tts .. .
THE COUNTESS OF MONTE CRISTO,
exquisitely, charmingly, delightfully por-
trayed by Sonja Henie.
HAD THE DEVIL'S own time persuading
myself to see this picture. Were it not for
the reviewers who of necessity must attend
each and every new film, Sonja Henie would
not have a leg to stand on at the box office.
This might improve her pictures.
I confess that Miss Henie is extremely
graceful on ice skates. I enjoy this almost
as much as the fashion shots in news-
But when Miss Henic skates, no one else
is allowed to. And when Miss Henie acts,
everyone else's performance is considerably
improved by comparison. This is known as
Democracy in Action.
It should be pointed out that Miss Henie
has an extremely infectious and perma-
nent grin. Miss Olga San Juan, also in
the picture, giggles a good deal. This is
the entire extent of the comedy.
Perhaps soluco'e itlh a flair for the
fatuous can iniaglie the sophisticated gaiety
of a Norwegian actress, with a Mexican
tionalism, or to convince by sufficient force,
they have merely wasted men and treasure.
London has now urgently warned Paris to
get on with the job, grimly pointing out that
the jig will be up if and when Chinese Com-
munists control the other side of the border
from Ho Chi Minh's forces.
In Malaya, the British are having serious
trouble with small but elusive groups of
Communist guerrillas. And in Burma, the
situation is worst of all. The primitive Kar-
ens from the hills are giving a drubbing to
the forces of the incompetent, frivolous,
and corrupt Rangoon government. Two fac-
tions of Communists are in the field. And
if present anarchy continues, the Commu-
nists, being the only organized element,
must win in the end.
Add these situations to the situations
in China and Indonesia, and the danger
in the Far East becomes apparent. The
strategic consequences are past comput-
ing. Burma and Indo-China are neces-
sary rice bowls of the Orient. Malayan
rubber and tin are among the foundation
stones of the British economy. If Japan is
deiied commerce with Asia she can only
survive precariously, if at all, on huge
American subsidies. And if the rest of Asia
falls into the Soviet grip, the sub-con-
tinent of India will also be in immediate
As yet, no comparable Soviet drive has
begun in the Middle East. But in this area
the attempt at assassination of the Shah
of Iran is only the last of a series of dis-
It is thought that the famous "Fourth
Point" in President Truman's inaugural ad-
dress provides the basis for American ac-
tion, and joint Anglo-American efforts are
proposed because of the vital British inter-
ests in the areas concerned.
Certainly it is hard to see how these new
dangers can be averted except by this
kind of manifestation of the Anglo Amer-
ican partnership. The task of restoring
stability in the Far East must be under-
taken on a major scale by both, on all
three levels, strategic, political and eco-
In sum, if there is a lesson in London,
where one sees beyond the borders of Eu-
rope, it is that our job is far from done
when Europe has become temporarily stab-
ilized. Indeed, we shall be worse than os-
triches if we mistake great local successes,
such as Britain's recovery, for decisive turn-
ing points in the world struggle. The world
struggle is actually broadening and inten-
(Copyright, 1949, Now York Herald Tribune)
S~et, It Do'wj .Xnx )khere. «",X ee
Overcrowded A Irerudv!"
M - fSMITNS~moviTI FR
- _ FLYI4G MACHNE
F,4INf _ (RUSSIAN INVENTION)
IAN I r^ zn
Publication in The Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the Office of the
Assistant to the President, Room 1021
Angell Hall, by 3:00 p.m. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 a.m. Sat-
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1949
VOL. LIX, No. 94
Law School Admission Test, Room
The Law School Admission Test,
which will be given S turday
Feb. 19, has been assigned to the
Rackham Lecture Hall( although
all admission notices will state
that 100 Hutchins Hall is the
place the test will be given.
Forestry Assembly: Amphithea-
tre, 10 a.m., Mon., Feb. 21, Rack-
ham. Mr. Jay H. Price Regional
Forester of the U.S. Forest Serv-
ice at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, will
speak on "Forest Management in
the National Forests." All Stu-
dents in the School of Forestry
and Conservation except those
with non-foresty conflicts are ex-
pected to attend the lecture at 10
and all students taking courses in
the subjects of forest manage-
ment, forest economics, and for-
est administration are expected to
remain for the discussion at 11.
Others interested are invited.
Students, College of LS&A: No
courses may be elected for credit
Graduate students may not elect
courses after Sat., Feb. 19. Courses
dropped after this date will be re-
corded as "dropped." Courses may
not be dropped afteruthe end of
the eighth week of the semester.
Freshmen who competed in the
lopwood Contest should call for
their manuscripts by Wed., Feb.
23. The Hopwood Room is open
weekdays 2-5:30 p.m.
Women students attending the
Caduceus Ball, Sat., Feb. 19, have
1:30 a.m. permission. Calling hours
will not be extended.
Recognized student organiza-
tions are reminded that they must
be registered in the Office of Stu-
dent Affairs before 5 p.m., Fri.,
Feb. 18, in order to be included
on the list of approved organiza-
tions for the second semester.I
Women students who are mar-
ried after enrolling in the Uni-
versity are required to report such
change in status immediately to
the Office of the Dean of Women.
If any change in place of resi-
dence is indicated, the matter will
be discussed with the student in
the light of her preference and
JOHN L. LEWIS' house organ de-
scribes Secretary of State
Dean Acheson as a "shifty fellow".
whose views change almost daily.
Compared to John L., anybody
who changes his attitude because
of changed circumstances seems
"shifty." Neither war nor peace
nor prosperity nor depression stays
this burly chieftain from his ap-
-St. Louis Star-Times.
The Daily accords Its readers the
p~rivilege of submitting letters for
publication in this column. Subject
to space limitations, the general pol-
ley is to publish in the order In which
they ate' received all letters bearing
the writer's signature and address.
Letters exceeding 300 words, repeti-
tious letters and letters of a defama-
tory"character or such letters which
for any other reason are not in good
taste will not be published. The
editors reserve the privilege of con-
Pound for Pound
To the Editor:
(Attention Dr. Warren
decision will be made by the Of-
fice of the Dean of Women on an
individual basis. Requests for of-
ficial change of name should be
filed at the information desk on
the 2nd floor of the new Admin-
Women students who have re-
ceived Student Aid Foundation
application blanks are notified
that they should communicate
with the Office of the Dean of
Women before Feb. 21.
Women students' are notified
that late permissions are given by
the Office of the Dean of Women
only during office hours. House
directors may give late permis-
sions in cases of unavoidable and
justifiable emergencies which
arise after the Office of the Dean
of Women is closed for the day.
Such emergency during the week
must be reported by the student
the following day to the Office of
the Dean of Women, at which
time she must present a written
statement of the circumstances
from her housemother. Members
of the staff of the Office of the
Dean of Women are not able to
give late permission by telephone
after the office is closed.
Approved social events for the
Lutheran Student Assoc., Mosh-
Alpha Delta Phi, Alpha Kappa
Kappa, Alpha Sigma Phi, Alpha
Tau Omega, Beta Theta Pi, Chi
Psi, Delta Kappa Epsilon, Delta
Chi, Delta Sigma Delta, Delta Tau
Delta, Kappa Sigma, Lambda Chi
Alpha, Lloyd, Phi Chi
Phi Kappa Sigma, Phi Kappa
Tau, Phi Rho Sigma, Phi Sigma
Delta, Phi Sigma Kappa, Sigma
Alpha Epsilon, Sigma Chi, Theta
Chi, Theta Delta Chi, Theta Xi,
Zeta Psi, Zeta Beta Tau
Alpha Rho Chi, Hillel, Lambda
The U.S. Civil Service Commis-
sion announces examination for
historian, intelligence specialist
(general and technical), foreign
affairs officer, and social science
analyst. Also meteorological aid.
The Detroit Civil Service Com-
mission announces examinations
for various classes of nurses, stu-
dent social worker, social case
worker, and medical social case
worker. Further information and
applications for all of the above
examinations may be obtained at
the Bureau of Appointments, 3528
A cademic Notices
Mathematics Colloquium: Prof.
K. Zarankiewicz of Poland will
address the Mathematics Collo-
quium at 4:15 p.m., Fri., Feb. 18,
3017 Angell Hall. Topic: "On non-
Philosophy 106, Contemporary
Metaphysics, will meet in 225 An-
Palmer Christian Memorial
Program, with Josef Schnelker
and Marilyn Mason, organists,
will be presented at 4:15 Sunday
afternoon, Feb. 20, in Hill Audi-
Letters to the Editor
ACCORDING to statements
statements made by you on
February 17th, 1949, a hog can
eat more than a college student.
We, at 703 Church Street, con-
test that statement! ! ! We be-
lieve that you have grossly under-
estimated the eating ability of te
average college student.
Consequently, we challenge any
165 lb. hog in Washtenaw County
to eat more food, dry weight, than
our colleague, 165 lb. Paul H.
(Hungry) Smith, '50E.
We do not consider eating a
fad, but rather a serious business.
Nor do we accept any insinua-
tions as to man's inferiority to
The Gourmands of 703 Church
Norman Steere, Secretary.
torium. It will include composi-
tions by Bach, James, Franck, De-
Lamarter and Dupre, and will be
open to the general public.
The Burroughs Adding Machine
Company exhibit of 24 of the lat-
est calculating and accounting
machines which has been open for
the past week to students major-
ing in accounting will be open to
students and faculty of all colleges
from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. on Monday
and Tuesday, Feb. 21 and 22, 58
Bus. Adm. Bldg.
Groups wishing demonstration
should arrange time by calling
Extension 2674 in advance.
nal Club: 12 noon, 3054 Natural
Science Bldg., Mr. Robert V .Kes-
ling of the Department of Geology,
University of Illinois, will speak on
"Inside the Ostracod and Why."
Delta Sigma Pi, Professional
business administration frater-
nity: Business Meeting, 7:30 p.m.,
Chapter House, 1212 Hill.
Motion Picture, auspices of Art
Cinema League, "Before Him All
Rome Trembled." 8:30 p.m., to-
night and Sat., Lydia Mendels-
sohn Theatre. Tickets on sale 2
German Coffee Hour: Friday,
3-4:30 p.m., Michigan League
SodaBar. All students and fac-
ulty members invited.
Program Committee for the Re-
ligion in Life Week: 4:45 p.m.,
Lane Hall. Members are requested
to report or send a substitute in
Michigan Christian Fellowship:
Rev. Leonard Verduin will lead a
discussion on "Boy-Girl Relation-
ships in a Christian Society," 7:30
p.m., Fireside Room, Lane Hall.
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation:
Sabbath Evening Services, 7:45
p.m., Rabbi H. Lymon conducting,
assisted by Eugene Malitz. A talk
on conditions abroad, by Dr. Wil-
liam Haber, will follow.
Wesleyan Guild: Meet at Wes-
ley Foundation at 7:30 p.m. to-
night with tennis shoes and swim
suits for "sports night" at the
IM Bldg. Refreshments at Foun-
Westminster Guild, First Pres-
tybyterian Church: "Hatche t
Party," 8 p.m. Social Hall, church
International Students Associa-
tion Installation Dinner: Outgoing
and incoming officers will be hon-
ored at 6:30 p.m., Sun., Feb. 20,
International Center. Reserva-
tions should be made by Saturday
Russian Circle: Meeting, 7:45
p.m., Mon., Feb. 21, International
Center. Speaker: Prof. T. Heger;
subject: Russian Music.
To the Editor:
THE PRICE BOOST on tickets
to next fall's football game
with Army, designed to raise
about $60,000 "to defray the cost
of bringing a Cadet group to Ann
Arbor." has brought upon the Uni-
versity charges of commercialism
and ticket gouging so serious that
I feel called upon to exhort Pro-
fessor Crisler for a refutation.
There seems to be a consider-
able number of fans. including
one of the Detroit sports writers,
who feel that the $60,000 repre-
sents a bit more than first class
transportation for a few Cadets.
Say it isn't so. Mr. Crisler! Tell
them that monetary gain is fur-
thest from your mind. We know
that your motives in scheduling
are as pure as the driven snow.
You have declared as much your-
self on many occasions.
First it was insinuated that
your refusal to play at East Lan-
sing was motivated by sordid fi-
nancial considerations. And now
some crass journalist from De-
troit has the temerity to again
suspect your motives.
The time has come to strike
back. Straighten out those barbar-
ians from East Lansing and De-
troit. Tell them that it is be-
cause of your consideration for
the fans that you refuse to play
in a smaller stadium or to play
Notre Dame (a game of no general
interest'.) Tell them that football
at Michigan is a noncommercial
student activity for the students
witnessed by the fact that the
students are invariably assigned
the choicest seats in the stadium.
And as for that $60,000, explain
to the skeptics that all this extra
revenue is needed for the stated
purpose and why. If you intend
to transport the entire Officer
Corps of the U.S. Army here for
the game, say so.
Please, Mr. Crisler, dispel these
doubts quickly before our faith
in home, Mother, and Michigan
gives way to abysmal disenchant-
-James G. O'Hara.
EDITOR'S NOTE: Every school that
plays the University of Michigan
football team at the Michigan Sta-
dium receives one half of the total
gate receipts. That means that the
added revenue of $60,000 that will
come from the increase in prices for
the Army game tickets next year
will be shared equally by the USMA
and Michigan. Of the $30,000 Mich-
igan receives, $10,000 will be used to
bring the Cadets here. The money
remaining, which will be around the
$20,000 mark, will be used for ex-
pansion of student athletic facilities.
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Harriett Friedman ...Managing Eldtor
Dick Maloy..............City Editor
Naomi Stern ........Editorial Director
Allegra Pasqualetti ...Associate Editor
Al Blumrosen ........Associate Editor
Leon Jaroff ..........Associate Editor
Robert C. White......Associate Editor
B. S. Brown ..........,. Sports Editor
Bud Weidenthal ..Associate Sports Ed.
Bev Bussey .....Sports Feature Writer
Audrey Buttery.......Women's Editor
Mary nn Harris Asso. Women's Editor
Bess Hayes .................Librarian
Richard Hait......Business Manager
Jean Leonard . ..Advertising Manager
William Culman ....Finance Manager
Cole Christian ...Circulation Manager
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Nceover fear. X-Roys will fell
..Ama w., l I 4... tf nrv_ m'hmv
Ccn you REALLY fake X-Ray pictures, Mr. O'Malleyt
Let's see-fu0view or profrle?