THE MICHIGAN DAILY
MONDAY, JANUARY 21, 194C
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board of Control
of Student Publications.
U.S. Aid to lap War Machine
Ray Dixon ,
Arthur J. Kraft
Mary Lu Heath
. . . . . . . . Managing Editor
. . . . . . . City Editor
. . . . . . . . Editorial Director
. . . . . . ,.Associate Editor
. . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
.Associate Sports Editor
. . . . Associate Women's Editor
Oorothy Flint.. . . . . . .... Business Manager
Joy Altman . . . . . . . Associate Business Mgr.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatdhes credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of rp-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46
NIGHT EDITOR: LIZ KNAPP
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staf
and represent the views of the writers only.
THAT THIS COUNTRY is faced today with
a situation the likes of which it has never
before experienced is evidenced by the fact that
workers in at least five major industries have
already or are threatening to strike.
The danger from such widespread strikes is
not to be minimized. The whole economy on
which our nation functions is threatened; it is
endangered not just superficially, but right down
to its very roots.
Continuation and extension of this present
strike trend can only bring total economic ruin
to every citizen; business and professional man,
as well as to labor and management.
The cause for this situation lies both with
labor and management, and probably equally
as much with one as with the other. Labor has
been dogmatic in its demands, and only up
until a few days ago, uncompromising. Man-
agement has been equally as zealous of its posi-
tion as 'labor's boss', in attempting to mini-
mize possible wage increases.
The impasse has been reached, and regardless
of whether the blame can be rightfully fixed on
either party for the present calamity, the fact
remains that something must be done to breal
the deadlock and get reconversion and peacetime
production rolling again.
Since labor will not take industry's offered
wage increase, and industry refuses to meet la-
bor's demands, it appears obvious that the stage
has been reached when some stronger force must
be brought to bear to breach the gap.
President Truman offers just such an instru-
ment in the form of his fact finding board.
The idea is sound, but, because of its lack of
authority to force acceptance of its decisions
and to remove obstacles in the way of its in-
vestigations, we have seen this body fail to.
bring a settlement to the GM-UAW strike.
Congressional action is needed to put teeth
into these fact finding boards. The President
calls only for legislation legalizing the right to
"inspect management's books," but perhaps a
step further in this matter of governmental
strike-busting is needed.
An entirely, new forniula for settling labor-
management grievances without resorting to par-
alyzing strikes certainly is to be desired.
The President's proposals call for a 30-day
cooling off period before strikes, during which
time a fact finding board would investigate
claims and make suggestions as to settlement.
By modifying this procedure to the extent of
giving the fact finding board the authority to
impose its decisions both upon labor and man-
agement, with both parties then having re-
course to appeal to either the Supreme Court
or some special court of appeal, such a formula
may be arrived at.
This would eliminate the need for strikes, with-
out actually outlawing them, and also do away
with such deadlocks as now arise in most labor-
Such a scheme would leave much to be de-
sired, but at least it would keep our nation's
economy from tottering over the brink of
disaster, the condition in which it now finds
TH EXTREMES to which Army recruiting
officers are driven to get replacements for
diharged vetrn n to maintain fnre at a
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON.-The Pearl Harbor investigat-
ing committee has now spent nearly three
months digging into military-naval-political rea-
sons why we were caught asleep on Dec. 7, 1941.
While this is important, all the facts show that
Japan would have attacked anyway; if not at
Pearl Harbor, at some other place, and if not
on Dec. 7, at some other time.
Meanwhile, we have seized various documents
from the Japs, showing that this war was care-
fully built up over a period of years and that
certain American munitions makers were either
unsuspecting or deliberate Jap co-partners.
If we are to prevent war in the future-and
that presunably is one motive of the Pearl Har-
bor committee - the manner in which American
business aided the Japs to prepare for Pearl
Harbor is important. We must build up machin-
ery so this doesn't happen again.
When the Japs dive-bombed on unsuspecting
battleships on the morning of Dec. 7, word went
round that they had evolved a new and pow-
erful fighter plane the Zero. All during the
early months of the war, the Jap Zero was a
match, sometimes more than a match, for U.S.
Zero Mystery Clarified
THE MYSTERY of how the Japs developed
their famous Zero is now in Government files,
seized from the Japanese, and proves to be no
great mystery. The Japs bought the original
Zero from an American company, Chance Vought,
a division of United Aircraft. They modified it
a lot, and the Chance Vought people now piously
claim it is not their plane; but aviation experts
say that unquestionably it gave the Japs a big
lift toward developing their Zero.
At the date of purchase, there was no embargo,
moral or otherwise, against selling planes to
Japan, and Chance Vought violated no law,
though Secretary Hull invoked his moral embar-
go shortly thereafter. However, it is important
to remember that Japan was then at war with
China, that Baron Tanaka and other Jap leaders
were bragging about plans to conquer all Asia,
and that Henry L. Stimson, as early as 1931, had
tried to rally the League of Nations to prevent
Japan's conquest of Manchuria.
The official policy of this government was to
refuse recognition of Japanese conquest in
China. We had also signed the Kellogg pact
outlawing war. Finally, we had signed the
nine-power pact guaranteeing China from out-
side invasion. Nevertheless, our munitions
makers not only sold important war goods to
a nation which violated all of the above - but
they did so with the okay of our Army and
Thus the U.S. Army and Navy not only put
themselves in opposition to the foreign policy of
the United States but they built up more death
and destruction for themselves - and the rest
of the nation -when the Japs finally struck at
If the Pearl Harbor committee is sincere about
getting at those responsible for this war, and
preventing war in the future, this is something
they might well investigate.
All the Jap files, now seized, show that the
Japs were interested not in commercial, but
military planes. The files also show that Ameri-
can munitions makers were eager to get this
business, actually sent experts to help the Japs
manufacture our planes, and curried favor with
the Japs in every possible way. For instance,
in the Jap report quoted below, the manager
of United Aircraft talks about a price reduction
to the Japs if they-finally decided to buy what
later became the Zero.
Japs' Secret Report
THE REPORT, translated from the Japanese
text, was written by Jap agents in New York
to Tokyo and is captioned: "Re negotiations
Chance Vought V-143 pursuit aircraft by Navy
Captain Wata." Dated May 4, 1938, the report
"1. The recent development of the European
airplane is remarkable but American make is
"2. The main reason for the Japanese navy
spending from 2 to 3 million dollars in Amer-
ica yearly is to promote the continuous tech-
nical cooperation between American manufac-
turers and Japanese companies.
"3. About Wright Aeronautical Corp. which has
continually extended good will toward Japan.
He thinks Japan can make about 100 Cyclone
engines yearly at least and she can pay its royalty
to the company.
". If any American private company gets re-
lease for a new machine, he wants us to recom-
mend it to the Japanese navy promptly."
In the meantime, attracting Captain Wata's
interest is Chance Vought V-143 single seat fight-
er. The reasons are as follows:
"A. When, in Europe, the captain met the arms
broken, Mr. Gasda, who highly recommended this
machine to him - it is the most superior single-
seat fighter in the world especially if both wings
are furnished with Aerlikan wing cannon. There
is plenty of space for its equipment.
"B. In his judgment, even this machine can't
win in the army's competition, but it is not in-
ferior to the winner.
"C. It is necessary for the (Japanese) navy
to import fighter planes sooner or later despite
. the fact, that we bought all kinds of big and
small bombers and amphibian flying boats for
research from them, but the fighter was neg-
"5. Following up Captain Wata's reuest, we
asked Chance Vought Co. for 'a demonstration
of V-143 machine when Captain Wata's party
came out to Hartford on April 26th. That com-
pany had Mr. Allen, a first-class American pilot,
demonstrate the machine for us, and our party
contacted the company's president, Mr. Wilson
(Eugene E. Wilson, an Annapolis graduate and
ex-commander U.S. Navy) and the engineering
director. Mr. McCarthy. We heard their explana-
tion as follows:
"'This plane should be furnished with Aerli-
kan wing cannon. It will be a simple matter
for Aerlikan Co. to mount the cannon because
they are very skillful and the intensity of the
wings will not change because of this work.
If Japan wants to import Aerlikan, Chance
Vought Co. will supply it'.. .
"United Aircraft export manager, Mr. Ham-
ilton, would like to arrange for us a price re-
duction if Japan actually wants to buy the
machine. We told him that we will confer
with Captain Wata for his suggestion."
(Copyright 1946, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
By Ray Dixon
A FELLOW by the naine of JAP (initials, we're
told) Leiter writes in to tell us how they
handle the beer situation at the University of
Wisconsin. He claims that:
"For several years it has been legal to serve
beer to eighteen-year olds in Madison, Wisconsin.
This action is obviously condoned by the uni-
versity as beer is served in the student union.
This, in my opinion, is a credit to the fore-
sightedness of the school and certainly has been
more of a benefit than a detriment. Having at-
tended both schools myself the difference in
spirit and morale is most apparent. The spirit
of camaraderie and friendship there is something
anyone who has experienced it will never forget.
A student there does not feel left out as so many
do here because there are always several taverns
near the campus where he can nearly always
find a congenial group.
"Drinking is a friendly custom and a social
grace that must be learned. Drunks are fewer
in a place where a glass of beer is a friendly
custom. Society itself censures those who can-
not control themselves. Here (in Ann Arbor)
the practice of sneaking into some dark corner
for a straight shot of some bootleg rotgut,
which isn't hard to get, reminds me of a ten-
year-old stealing cookies. Liquor can be man's
friend or his enemy. In Ann Arbor it is his
"Still the main argument for your case, Mr.
Dixon, lies in the pleasure it can offer. tI-have
few friends here . . . because I invariably leave
town on the weekends. In Madison I seldom left
because the town offered everything I wanted.. ..
I am going back to Wisconsin as soon as circum-
stances will permit."
Mr. Leiter ignites a good argument. We, for
one, will be sorry to see him go. His points are
especially pertinent now in view of the following
1. The State Liquor Commission has just in-
creased the penalties for serving alcoholic bev-
erages to minors. This, in our opinion, is a step
in the wrong direction if we ever saw one. Stiff
penalties have been imposed on proprietors for
o these many years without any visible good re-
sults. In most cases, proprietors make an honest
attempt to keep minors out of their places, but
the pesky little devils slip by in spite of every-
thing. It seems foolish to take a man's business
away from him because he is not a good police-
2. The second development may be expected
next week. The Ann Arbor Common Council is
scheduled to vote on whether to impose fines of
$100 or 30 days in jail on minors caught mis-
representing their age. This will take a big load
off the proprietor's shoulders, but (again in our
opinion) will only succeed in driving the drinking
back into Mr. Leiter's "dark corner for some
What is needed is a constructive program for
permitting regulated beer drinking in a clean
un-saloon-like atmosphere by those eighteen
years old and up. Only then will the unhealthy
situation of minors getting pleasure out of
breaking the law and proprietors taking the
rap for a condition that is not of their making
If this is not possible (and, frankly, it is
probably not possible with the older generation
feeling as most of its does about the evils of
alcohol) the least that could be done is to
provide good student meeting places near cam-
pus as substitutes for the traditional beer-'
serving places downtown.
Cities , (
Figh It 11A
By FEI X B. WOLD
Xssocited P'e s Staff Writer
DETROIT-One of Detroits post-
war pains is represented by a thin
The Motor City, with its adoption
of a ten-cent trolley car fare, not
alone ran ino a chalenge from the
OPA but also is now forced to pacify
two neighbor cities.
From the added revenue in the
four-cent fare inease Derit's
two "island cities," Highland Park
and Hamtramck, demadd a share
---on pain of hrring the streets of
at least one to the trolley cars.
Experts in municipal government
pont to the problem as typical
among the nation's communities in
that it reflects a need for more be-
cause of rising costs of operation.
Cities of about 50.000 population
each, Highland Park and Hamtramck
both lie completely within the con-
fines of their big siter city. Detroit
-t-opulation 1,600,000 -mushroomed
around the other two in the 1910-20
growth of the auto industry.
You can enter Highland Park or
Hamramek from Detroit at any
point and, taking any direction, come
out again into Detroit. The situation
givs the two smaller cities a power-
ful talking point, for the trolleys de-
pend on the areas beond Han-1
tramek and highland Park for a
good part of their passenger revenu.
Highland Park's threat is frank
and plain. Either, says Commnis-
sion Richard V. Nahabedian, the
Detroit street railways will pay for
the use of highland Parks streets
or it can't use them.I
The city council served an ultima-
tum on the street railways system
that it pay a "reasonable fee," to beI
determined in negotiation.
In neither Highland Park nor
Hamtramck has Detroit's munici-
pally-owned system had to pay for
street use heretofoe. It does pay a
mileage tax for the privilege of run-
ning its buses through the island
Nahabedan, who is Hihland
Pak's commissioner in charge of
public utilities, said his city must
find sorees of new revenue because
of greater postwar coss. Ie' ad-
mitted the increase in the trolley
fare precipitated the "street tax"
demand. It had been contemplated
previously, however, he said.
Mayor Edward J. Jeffries and the,
OPA have tangled over the fare in-]
crease, a boost of 66 2/3 per cent and
described by its sponsors as neces-
sary to meet risig costs.
The mayor told the OPA to "mind
its own business" insisting the gov-
ernment agency had no authority to ,
"stick its nose" into a municipality's
OPA took a stand it possessed
such authority in view of the esti-
mated millions of dollars involvede
and the effect on economic stabili-
Commissioner Nahabedian bases'
Highland Park's fight for a street taxt
on "every principle of law and
equity." Even the popcorn wagon
has to pay for a license to operate on1
Highland Park's streets, he said.
Asked why Highland Park hadn't1
insisted on this long ago, he said,
"Don't ask me to excuse the faults]
of my predecessors. We're not ask-1
ing for something we don't deerve."
So goes the battle. The OPA has
intervened in a circuit court suit
by the CIO's United Auto Workers,
who demand a restraining order
against the fare increase, and the'
"DSR" will sit down to talk things
over with highland Park and ham-
T HAT the National Foundation for
Infantile Paral yis has advanced
nearly $1,000,000 this year to Chap-
ters in epidemic areas for treatment
of polio victims without regard to
age, race, creed or color?
That local Chapters have disbursed
close to $5,000,000 this year to cope
with widespread epidemics which
have claimed nearly 13,000 victims?
That 1945 was the fourth worst
polio period in the history of this
That wherever local outbreaks de-.'
plete the treasury of any Chapter,
National Headquarters stands ready
to make the needed advances with
which to meet the crisis?
W HILE physical combat is over for
most of the armed forces, they
too can help in the battle for peace.
Victory Bonds are a safe and sound
investment for accumulated and1
DIVIDE AND RULE:
Labour Government Follows
Imnperialist Line of Tories
T HE LABOUR government of Atlee
has been continuing the old im-
perialist policy, "divide and rule," of
the Conservatives. But what is sur-
pising is that it tries to justify that
illthe name of democracy, freedom.
peace, and progress.
What is happening in Indonesia?
Britami intervened to 'disarm the
Jap soldicrs'. have the Japanese
been disarmed? No. On the con-
trary, the British are fighting the
Javanese with the help of the Japa-
nese soldiers. Atlee is fighting the
people of Java because these "ris-
ings are inspired by pro-Fascists."
But in so doing, they forget that
these people were fighting Fascism
when the British rulers were sup-
plying arms to Japan and appeasing
htler. And still, the British try to
justify their intervention in Java
under the title of "liberating the
world from Fascism."
India presents another side of the
"divide and rule" policy. Everyone
knows that Britain had to retreat
from her August, 1942, position, when
she imprisoned the entire leadership
of the Indian National Congress, even
though the help to fight the Japs
was most needed. They called the
sudden upsurge which resulted from
the imprisonment of the leaders a
pro-Fascist movement and tried in
vain to suppress it. Now, after re-
leasing the laders, Britain talks of
national government, independence,
self-rule, without doing anything
about the viceroy's dictatorial powers,
without extending the franchise to
the entire population, and without
abolishing the commercial basis of
election. Their only argument is that
the Indians are not united; therefore,
the British do not give independence
to the Indians lest they fight among
themselves. Certainly we have our
political differences as the British
have among their Labourites, Con-
servatives, and Liberals. And these
differences are not religious as has
been demonstrated to the people here.
The fTct of our differences is not the
real reason for denying our country
to us. The reason lies elsewhere.
Look at Burma, vhaere all the'
political parties are united, but
there is still no freedom for the
Burmese people. They will remain
under the autocratic rule of the
Governor for at least three years.
There, the imperialists try to justi-
fy their rule by saying that the
people are not "sufficiently ad-
vanced" and that it is the mission
of the British to "lead them to self-
government" in 'due' course of time
-in other words: under any pre-
text, preserve 'what is our own'.
And that is the British Imperialist
line. If the national movement is
weak, as in Java, call it pro-Fascist
and -Fascist-inspired. If that doesn't
fit into the picture, as in India, say
that the people are not united. And
if that doesn't work, as in Burma, try
to offer some kind of constitutional
technically while keeping intact the
dictatorial powers of Governors and
on the other hand, proclaim aloud
that the people of the colony are
backward and it is the "white man's
burden" to drive them towards self-
government. And if even that doesn't
fit - then confuse the real issue and
directly or indirectly fight the pro-
gressives in the name of Communists
and Socialists. (This is for China and
the Philippines.) And it is here that
Lord Haw Haw and John Amery,
though hanged, shake hands with
But let them know that these
very people, who fought the Japs
when their 'protectors' had turned
their tails, are going to fight their
enslavers once more. Let them know
that the sleeper awakes.
-S. D. Mehta
Slap at DAR
SENIORS of the Crosby High School
' atWaterbury, Conn., have voted
to reject the annual Good Citizenship
Pilgrimage Award of the Daughters
of the American Revolution . . . The
reason given by the spokesman of the
Waterbury students for their rejec-
tion of the scholarship is that they
"just didn't think it was feasible to
name a candidate for a good citizen-
ship award sponsored by an organiza-
tion that refused Negro musicians
permission to use Constitution Hall
The point is honorably taken...
The ladies of the D. A. R. are re-
sponsible for many good works. In
this case, catering to an unworthy
and unpatriotic prejudice, they
have made a mistake which will
haunt them until it is corrected.
-New York Times, Jan. 16
Attention, Dime Daily Salesmen:
Here are your instructions for the sale of the special March of Dimes
March of Dime Dailies will be sold from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m.
Those coeds who have signed to sell from 8 a.m. to 9 p.m. should report
to the Student Publications Bldg., 420 Maynard, before 7:45 a.m. to pick
up their supply of March of Dime Dailies and buckets for coins.
All other salesmen should report directly to their assigned posts promptly
at their scheduled times. No salesman is to leave her post until someone
comes to take her place. Materials are to be turned over to each succeeding
salesman. The last salesman leaving the post at 4 p.m. should bring his
remaining papers and receipts to the Student Publications Bldg.
Periodic collections of receipts will be made by the March of Dimes com-
mittee. Paper stocks will also be replenished at that time.
Any questions or difficulties should be reported immediately to the Dime
Daily desk at The Daily, phone 2-3241.
March of Dimes posts will be staffed by the following groups:
Center of Diagonal: Kappa Kappa Gamma
Engineering Arch: Chi Omega
Behind Main Library: Collegiate Sorosis
Romance Language: Kappa Delta
Alumni Hall: Gamma Phi Beta
Union Steps: Newberry Residence
Arcade on State St.: Delta Gamma
North Entrance to Angell Hall: Geddes House
Corner of N. University and State: Alpha Phi
Corner of South and East University: Stockwell Hall
Pop wrote to the radio station
I for tickets to the Quiz Show.
By Crockett Johnson;
As I see it, not only will the prize
money be mine to lavish on my movieH
It's common knowledge that we have progressed
beyond Emerson's quaint dictum about man and