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January 21, 1946 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1946-01-21

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DeGaulle Quits
After Dispute
With Cabinet
Leftists Demand Cut
In Budget for Army
By The Associated Press
PARIS, Jan. 20-Gen. Charles De-
Gaulle resigned tonight as interim
President of France in a dispute with
left wing cabinet members over the
size of his nation's armed forces.
One source said that "While D
Gaulle's decision is described as ir-
revocable, it might not be that in
eight days," and predicted the crisis
would end "in the formation of a new
De Gaulle' government."
Communists and Socialists had de-
manded an additional 20 per cent cut
in the budget for France's army. De
Gaulle, France's first elected Chief
of State in five years, stepped down
after 48 hours of conferences with
party leaders.
"International Situation"
President De Gaulle strode ab-
ruptly from a turbulent cabinet ses-
sion early in the day. A well-in-
formed source said proposals to re-
duce the army budget were opposed
by De Gaulle "because of the inter-
national situation."
The cabinet session followed re-
peated newspaper attacks on national
defense expenditures and on the ad-
ministration of Minister of the
Armies Armand Michelet, a member
of the MRP. The situation became
tense yesterday, and some well-in-
formed persons were considering the
possibility that a Communist-Social-
ist government might be formed,
headed by a radical Socialist. Ed-
ouard Herriot, pre-war premier, is
leader of the radical Socialists.
De Gaulle was reported to have
stated his position to the cabinet
bluntly, on a take-it-or-leave-it basis,
and then to have left the meeting
before it was concluded.
The issues at stake were not made
clear immediately, either by De
Gaulle or by his coalition cabinet,
which was born in the crisis in No-
vember. It is believed that the dis-
pute is a development of the New
Year's day crisis over the Army
budget in which the Socialists took
the lead in cutting expenditures.
Francs "Camouflaged"
During the past few days several'
Paris newspapers have charged that
billions of francs had been "Camo-
fiaged" in the budget for the Army.
The newspaper Liberation said yes-
terday that "If one examines the
budget closely one finds this: to the
125,000,000,000 francs (official budget
figure) have been added some 30 bil-
lions under the heading 'equipment
and reconstruction.'"
De Gaulle is reported to have the
firm support of Armies Minister
Cagers To Face
Indiana Quintet
Revenge Planned for
Earlier Hoosier Upset
Michigan's basketball team will be
out for its second consecutive victory'
and revenge for the 67-58 overtime
defeat it took at the hands of the
Hoosiers early in the season, when it
meets Indiana today on their home
court in Bloomington.
The Wolverines also have an eye on
bettering their .500 mark turned in
in Conference play. Michigan has
victories over Chicago, Illinois, and
Northwestern offset by defeats by
Ohio State, Northwestern and In-

The Hoosier five has had an up and
down season since they defeated the
Maize and Blue in the Big Ten opener
for both teams in December. They
have taken the measure of Iowa, the
pre-season favorite to cop the Con-
ference basketball title, and last Sat-
urday night gave the highly touted
Ohio State quintet their first defeat
of the current season by the score (f
Indiana also has a victory over
Chicago. On the other side of the
ledger Indiana has lost to Minnesota
and Purdue.
Indiana's upset over the Buckeyes
was accomplished without the serv-






* *

*~ * *

'- *~

Election Draws
Large Turnout
n iGermany
Nonpartisans Lea
Leftwing Socialists
By The Associated Press
FRANKFURT, Germany, Jan. 20
-Germans voted today in their first
free election in 13 years with an en-
thusiasm stimulated more by the nov-
etly of the return of the secert ballot
than by the politics involved.
First returns indicated clearly that
the turnout exceeded predictions with
TOKYO, Jan. 21 -(P)- General
MacArthur today took over 394 Jap-
anese aircraft plants, army and
navy arsenals and war laboratories
in a sweeping directive designed to
preserve them intact for probable
shipment as reparations to the na-
tions Nippon once set out to con-
as many as 90 per cent of the regis-
tered voters casting ballots in some
With no major issues, the election
was more of a popularity contest than
a political function. Returns from 95
gemeinde (towns and villages) in
Ashfeld, the first landkreid to com-
plete the count, showed unsponsored
candidates leading with 8,925 votes,
with left-wing Socialists getting 7,-
430 and Communists 389.
Col. James R. Newman, director
of the military government for great-
er Hesse, expressed satisfaction at
the heavy vote, declaring "I tpink-
this should prove to the world that
democracy has not been completely
smothered by years of Nazi oppres-
Nazis were known in several in-
stances to have attempted to sabo-
tage the elections by persuading
qualified voters to stay away from the
polls. The heavy vote showed, how-
ever, that those attempts failed in
Left-wing Party
Calls for Honest
Gree'k Balloting
ATHENS, Jan. 20 - (/P) - Prime
Minister Themistokles Sophoulis has
agreed with right and center party
leaders to hold Greek general elec-
tions March 31, but the extreme left
wing adopted a resolution today
charging the governmnt had not
cleared the way for honest balloting.
About 150,000 left-wing followers,
massed in an Athens stadium, pro-
tested that the government had not
restored order necessary for the elec-
tions and objected to "intervention of
foreign reactionaries who strengthen
and support corrupt Greek political
factions." No country was named
specifically, but left wing spokesmen
recently have decried British influ-
ence in Greece.
Terrorists Kill
Ten in Palestine
JERUSALEM, Jan. 20--(P)-Ter-
rorist violence caused at least 10 cas-
ualties in the Palestine coastal area,'
it was reported tonight. The outbreak,
an attack on the Givat Olga Coast
Guard Station between Tel Aviv and
Haifa, followed bombings yesterday
in Jerusalem.
Part of a coast guard tower was
reported destroyed by an explosion.

The report could not be confirmed
Givat Olga, out 60 miles northwest
of Jerusalem, was among the coast
guard stations north of Tel Aviv at-
tacked last Nov. 24, following appre-
hension of the Greek steamer Deme-
trois with 200 illegal immigrants
Strong military and police parties
nnf rr ,,1 r r+fl'.tTin .Tflrc1ii L' m f-

-Daily Photo by Marg Elmer
INFANTILE STRUCK-Miss Marion Stafford in 1944. her hands in weaving, after having spent most of the p
you contribute will stay in Waslitenaw county to hel all polio victims.
Now a patient at University hospital she is able to use ast 16 months in an iron lun. Half of the money which
p defray the extensive and costly care which is given to


o6 on ireit Ired oF(iCes
March, march, march the dimes are marching. So what,
you ask. Maybe you're getting sick of all these drives, drives,
drives. Oughta put a stop to them. But wait-
Know what happens to your (lime? Your dime becomes
ten little centinals. Ten little centinals that will do a little more
to ease the suffering of polio victims. And don't think they
don't suffer.
The physical and mental torture accompanying infantile
paralysis makes it one of the most dreaded of all diseases. And
an iron lung is no mink coat.i
So give and give generously to the infantile paralysis fund.
Your purchase of today'si Dime Daily has helped a lot. Give
a dime daily during the rest of the drive and you will be help-
ing even more. just as the United Nations are the sentinalsj
guarding world peace. so your dimes are the centinals on guard
against disease.
-By Ray Dixon

Auto Workers
Will Resume
Wage Parleys
,TaIT ?,0, J1. A) i) The CH-)
uited Auto Wo mkcr its indus''y'
wide wage iudeands pared to 191/,
cents an hour, will resune negotia-
tions with two of the autonotive big
three this week in an atmosphere
clouded by the steel strike.
Word that glass-hungry produc-
tion lines might be fed in the near
future after a three-months strike in
that industry failed to offset the
gloom that followed certain knowl-
edge of a steel walkout.
Only the Ford Motor Co. produces
its own steel and a protracted strike
would affect even that firm.
The UAW-CIO has scheduled a
(1:30 p.m.) Monday meeting with
Ford, and a renewal of long-dormant
negotiations with the Chrysler Corp.
for (2 p.m.) Wednesday.
The third of the auto triumvirate,
strikebound General Motors Corp.,
is not listed on the bargaining
General Motors, idle for nearly two
months, has been given until mid-
night Monday to accept a UAW-CIO
offer to settle for a 192 cent an hour
raise recommended by a presidential
fact-finding board. Otherwise, the
im inn cnid +l-,a ,,no andpmnan rirn(V!

Dr. Colby Talks
On World Folk'
Music at Center
TlW(rv ating li-r talk on "Folk Musir,
of the World" with her own record-
ings, Dr. Martha G. Colby last eve-
ning spoke at the weekly Sunday eve-
ning program of the International
Dr. Colby, associate professor of
psychology, has traveled throughout
Lbe world in pursuance of her hobby
of collecting authentic folk music of
every civilized, and sometimes not so
civilized, people. She has often used
such rustic means of transportation
ds camel-back, elephant-back, and
donkey-back to reach some of the out
of the way places that "I would have
found it impossible to reach other-.
"Although folk music is probably
the most permanent type of music
in the world," Prof. Colby declared,
"it is, nevertheless, rapidly disap-
pearing through adulteration and pol-
lution with the other more tempor-
ary types of music of the more im-
mediate past and present."
Folk music is characterized, most
commonly, by two features, Dr. Colby
points out. First, it is music of the
! onnIp a ~fnPIaIvi~r iinrrfrnm t1ha1

Care Provided
ByDime Drive
One of the patients at the Uni-
versity Hospital whose care is pro-
vided for through the annual March
of Dimes Campaign is Miss Marion
Stafford, 20 year old polio victim.
When stricken with polio in 1944,
Miss Stafford was confined to her re-
spirator all the time, but she uses it
only three or four hours in each 24
hour period. She has also recovered
use of her hands, to a partial extent.
At the time she contracted the dis-
ease, Miss Stafford was living in Ann
Arbor. It was shortly after her
graduation from the Ann Arbor Scc-
retarial School, and she was sharing
an apartment with f a girl friend and
working for the Army Air Forces at
Willow Run.
"A busy day is a less lonely day,"
Miss Stafford said when relating
h bow she spends her ti n "First
lthere is breakfast at 7 a.mn. and the
routine morning schedule before
going to the physiotherapy room
for treatment," she said. At the
treatment room, Miss stafford ex-
ercises and is given r- ,cle mas-
sage and reeducatien. "The thrill
of being able to iove my hamds
Ifor (lie first thin~e wells wonderful,
she stated, "In the aterinoon, I
work in the occupational therapy
room where I've worked with clay,
weavinglooms,ileather, and other
materials." TJhis work and exer-
cisc helps to strengthen weak mus-
cles, as well as furnish recreation
for patients,
"So with studying and readng',
visiting friends in the corridor in my
wheel chair, and writing letters," she
said, "the day is over before I know
Miss Stitffor said that her elan
is to keep three things ahead to be
done. "I try to have either a book
or a piece of sewing or something
else that will keep me occupied,"
she said, "so that I'll always have
something to do."
Poliomyelit is Foundation
Medical Director Dies
CHICAGO, Jan. 20-(I)-Dr. Don
W. Gundakunst, former Michigan
Health Commissioner, died of a heart
attack early Sunday in his hotel here.
He was 51 years old.

Coeds To Sell
Dime Dailiesv
For Campaign
"Let Your Quarte
Be Their Supporter"
The local March of Dimes cam-
paign, being carried on throughoutt
the United States under the direc-
tion of the National Foundation of
Infantile Paralysis, is moving into its;
eighth day with the edition of the
special dime Daily.,
While the minimum price of the
paper is a dime, George Spaulding,
chairman of the men's committee
On campus, said, "It is hoped that
those purchasing The Daily will
give all that they possibly can so
that this will be the most success-
ful drive ever sponsored by the
Jean Gaffney, head of the women's
committee, stated that she hoped that
all would remember the motto, "Let
your quarter be their supporter,"
when the purchaser dropped his
change in the bucket.
More than 400 boxes, which have
been distributed throughout the cam-
pus - and the stores of local mer-
chants, will be collected Tuesday and
Wednesday, the closing day of thei
University drive. It has been re-
quested that all student and faculty
members make their contributions by
then so that they may be included in
the campus donation. The national
drive will extend through Jan. 31.
Mayor William Brown of Ann
Arbor in an interview said, "I am
heartily in favor of the March of
SDiies campaign. I think that
everyone should contribute as lib-
wally -a.s .they can-.not oly with.-
dimes but with dollars. The drive
should be supported by the people
downtown as well as by the campus
group. I can not think of a wor-
thier cause."
A wishing well has been con-
structed by Robert Schoenfield, Rich-
ard Courtright and Arthur DerDerian
and placed at the Arcade on Sate
Street to receive dimes to add to the
campus contribution.
The National Foundation pledges
that no victim of infantile paralysis
in the country shall go untreated for
lack of funds, regardless of age, race,
creed or color.
Foundation chapters spread
throughout the nation stand
ready to give aid, advice and serv-
ice in nearly all of the 3,070 coun-
ties of the nation. These chapters
cooperate with public health offi-
cials and hospitals, provide funds
for needy poliomyelitis patients, for
orthopedic equipment, and for doc-
tors, nurses and physical therap-
ists trained in modern techniues
of treatment.
In order to raise as much as possi-
ble for those who have been afflicted
by polio, plans have been formulated
for sports events in every state and
country in addition to the local
IlinCt Schools
FLINT, Mich., Jan. 20-i(P)-CIO
maintenance workers today unani-
mously approved a one-week truce
that will permit reopening Monday
of this city's 43 strikebound public
An estimated 27,000 pupils are ex-
pected to return to classrooms that
have been empty since picketing
forced all but one school to close last
In addition, approximately 1,200
teachers and other school employes

are free to return to their jobs.
The 190 strikers, members of the
CIO's state, county and municipal
workers okeyed the return-to-work-
for the limited period during which
a. permanent settlement of the dis-
pute will be sought.
Conciliator Robert Lomasney of
the State Labor Mediation Board has
suggested that the Flint Board of
Education grant a 10 cent hourly
,wage increase demanded by the un-

23,000 Steel
Workers Idle

Iit Michigant
DETROIT, Jan. 20-(I/P)-An esti-
mated 23,000 employes in 70 Michi-
gan steel plants in district 29, United
Mine Workers (CIO) are expected
to be idle Monday as a result of the
nationwide walkout.
All of Lower Michigan in district
29 which also includes a small seg-
ment of Northern Ohio.
Emnloyes at Great Lakes Steel
Corp. in Detroit have been outsince
they ";jumped the gun" Friday night.
Five other Detroit plants are expected
out at midnight tonight.
The remainder of the plants in the
district will he closed by the first day-
time shift Monday, according to dis-
trict director Thomas Shane.
rrile ~jaidts range in size from 7,118
crnployes at Great Lakes to a small
Detroit plant with four union em-
'here are 9 plants in the Detroit-
Toledo-Monroe area; five in Bay
City-Saginaw; and nine in Kalama-
Wiler Will Discuss
Iussian Cooperation
Choosing as his topic "Russia and
the West: Conflict or Co-operation"
William Henry Chamberlin will de-
liver an address at 8:00 p.m. today
in Kellogg Auditorium.
Mr. Chamberlin was for 12 years
Christian Science Monitor corres-
pondent in Russia and the Far East.
During his years in Russia, he inter-
viewed such famous Russian leaders
as President Kalinin, Leon Trotsky,
Premier Rykov, and former Commis-
sioner Chicherin. He is also the au-
thor of "America, Partner in World
At the outbreak of World War II,
Mr. Chamberlin was sent to France,
where he served as correspondent un-

UTS. Steel
Plants Close
In 30 States
I n tts try Refuses
President's Figure
"y '''e Associated Press
P TTSBURGH, Jan. 21-The great-
est single strike in the nation's his-
tory, a walkout of the CIO steel work-
ers for higher pay, began early today
a moment after midnight.
From coast to coast workers at
mills, fabricating works, ore mines
and some aluminum plants quit their
jobs. The union said the idle would
total 750,000. The industry had
slowed down for days in anticipation,
with some plants closing down before-
Climaxes Negotiations
The strike, threatening the nation's
postwar productive effort, climaxed
months of fruitless negotiations in
Mea trike °...
WASHINGTON, Jan. ?4 --P)--
The possibility of givernment seiz-
ures in the strike-hit meat pack-
ing industry within 24 to 48 hours
was raised in high administration
quarters tonight.
which President Truman had recently
tried without avail to act as peace-
Philip Murray, president of the
steelworkers and the CIO, drove from
Washington to take over personal di-
rection of the giant demonstration
for his wage demands. He had no
comment but planned a radio address
(ABC) to the nation Monday night
at 10:30 l,.m., (EST).
Meeting Planned
The union's 21-man negotiating
committee for the United States Steel
Corporationi, which announced all its
operations had closed down hours
ahead of the midnight deadline, ar-
ranged to meet with Murray Monday
Both sides dug in for what they
apparently expected will be a long






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